ASEAN TRANSPORT COOPERATION
15 March 2018
1977 – 1992
on ASEAN Cooperation in
1996 – 1998
Transport Action Agenda
1999 – 2004 Successor Plans of Action
2005 – 2010
2011 – 2015
Brunei Action Plan
2016 – 2025
Kuala Lumpur Transport
• Covers 5 areas: Air, Sea, Land, Transport Facilitation and Sustainable Transport.
• Outlines 30 specific goals, 78 actions and 221 milestones
“Towards greater connectivity, efficiency, integration, safety and sustainability of ASEAN transport to strengthen ASEAN’s competitiveness and foster regional inclusive growth and development”.
ASEAN Single Aviation Market
Implementation Framework and Roadmap for the ASAM (2011) to carve out strategy, milestones and necessary mechanisms
• Economic Elements include market access; charters; airline ownership and control; commercial activities; competition law and policy/state aid; consumer protection; airport user charges; dispute resolution; and dialogue partner engagement.
• Technical Elements include aviation safety; aviation security; and air traffic management.
Open Skies Agreements to establish ASAM:
ASEAN Multilateral Agreement on Air Services (MAAS) 2009 and its 6 Protocols;
ASEAN Multilateral Agreement of the Full Liberalisation of Air Freight Services (MAFLAFS) 2009 and its 2 Protocols;and
ASEAN Multilateral Agreement of the Full Liberalisation of Passenger Air Services (MAFLPAS) 2010 and its 2 Protocols.
ASEAN Open Skies was fully realised in April 2016.
ASEAN Highway Network• Ministerial
Understanding on the Development of AHN Project was signed in 1999.
• Consists of 23 designated routes, totalling 38,899 km
• ASEAN Highway Strategic Plan - target by 2020:
(i) all designated routes are to be upgraded - at least Class I standards.
(ii) for low traffic volume non-arterial routes - Class II standards
• Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Viet Nam - 10,317.20 km of AH Class III and 2,046.87 km of AH below Class III.
• Currently there are no missing links.
• Malaysia’s AH routes:
AH2 West Bukit Kayu Hitam/Sadao (Malaysia/Thailand Border) – Kuala Lumpur – Seremban – SenaiUtara
AH 2 East Senai Utara –Johor Bharu/Woodlands Checkpoint (Malaysia/Singapore Border)
AH 150 Senai Utara – Tanjung Kupang/Tuas Checkpoint (Malaysia/Singapore Border)
AH 150 Entikong/Tebedu (Indonesia/Malaysia Border) – Serian – Kuching
AH 150 Serian – Sibu – Bintulu - Miri
AH 150 Miri – Sg. Tujoh – (Malaysia/Brunei Darussalam Check Point)
AH 150 Kuala Lurah (Malaysia/Brunei Darussalam Check Point) – Limbang / Puni (Malaysia/BruneiDarussalam Check Point)
AH 150 Lawas/Labu (Malaysia/Brunei Darussalam Check Point) – Kota Kinabalu
Singapore Kunming Rail Link• Flagship project under AMBDC
to link Singapore with Kunming in China was initiated at the 5th ASEAN Summit in December 1995.
• Link major cities in seven ASEAN Member States -Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam, Lao PDR and Myanmar.
• Malaysia - Permanent Chairman since 2007.
• Status: 6 missing links and 4 spur lines mainly across CLMV.
• Issue: Member countries are still looking for funding from either dialogue and development partners, or investment from private entities for missing links.
Movement of Goods:
• ASEAN Framework Agreement On The Facilitation Of Goods InTransit (AFAGIT) – 1998. Has 9 Implementing Protocols
• ASEAN Framework Agreement on the Facilitation of Inter-State Transport (AFAFIST) – 2009
• ASEAN Framework Agreement on Multimodal Transport(AFAMT) – 2005
Movement of People:
• ASEAN Framework Agreement on the Facilitation of Cross Border Transport of Passengers by Road Vehicles (2017)• facilitate cross border transport of passengers• simplify and harmonise procedures and
requirements for the purpose of facilitation of transport of passengers by road vehicles
ASEAN Single Shipping Market
• Implementation Framework of ASSM endorsed in 2014• Provides strategic guidance – coordinate policy and harmonise rules and regulation
• ASSM aims to:• Harmonize regulatory requirements and commercial practices.
• Improve the capacity and technologies required to manage shipping and port operations.
• Develop guiding principles for the pricing of port services.
• Intensify infrastructure development to support the effective and efficient operation of intra-ASEAN shipping services.
• Carry out liberalization of services that support the maritime trade, including maritime cargo handling services, storage and warehouse services, and freight transport agency services.
ASEAN working on improving quality of 47 designated ports – able to meet acceptable performance and capacity level i.e infrastructure development, customs procedure etc.