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World War II Major Events and U.S. Role

World War II - RigganClass · World War II Major Events and U.S ... Japanese Invasions Manchuria: 1931 ... Japanese attack on PEARL HARBOR The U.S. tried to stop Japanese aggression

Jul 20, 2018



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  • World War II

    Major Events and U.S. Role

  • Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact

    Hitler and Stalin signed a Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact in August 1939.

    They agreed not to go to war with each other. The Russians would not stop Hitler if he attacked Poland.

  • War Begins

    German Invasion of Poland

    September 1, 1939

    BLITZKRIEGLightning War

    This event marked the beginning of WWII.

  • Fall of France Germany vs. France (& UK)

    May 10, 1940 June 22, 1940, when French surrendered

    AXIS Victory

    Importance: Germans capture Paris, now control western and central Europe

    Britain stands alone against Germany

    Vichy GovtNazi collaborators

  • Battle of BRITAIN August 1940-June 1941 With the goal of invading Great Britain, Hitler

    bombed the country focusing first on the southern coast and then on cities such as London. This German offensive proved to be a failure.

    The British Prime Minister during the

    Battle of Britain was Winston Churchill.

  • U.S.

    Lend-Lease Act (March 1941) America can sell, lend, or lease weapons and supplies

    For countries vital to the defense of the United States

  • German invasion of the SOVIET UNION

    Hitler and Stalin had signed a Nonaggression Pact in August 1939.

    Hitler surprised Stalin in June 1941 when he invaded the U.S.S.R.

    Hitler wanted to

    access to the raw materials of the Soviet Union.

    crush communism in Europe.

    The USSR entered the war as an Allied Power

    Ultimately, this offensive was disastrous for Hitler.

  • Japanese Invasions

    Manchuria: 1931

    China: 1937

    Rape of Nanking

    French Indochina 1940

  • Japanese attack on PEARL HARBOR

    The U.S. tried to stop Japanese aggression in the Pacific after Japan seized French Indochina in 1940.

    The U.S. angered the Japanese and hurt their plans to seize more lands in Asia and the Pacific by banning trade of war materials, such as iron, steel, or oil.

    Militarists grew in power in Japan during this crisis and ordered a surprise attack on the American fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.

  • Contd

    The attack took place on December 7, 1941, a date which will live in infamy as U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt put it.

    The U.S. declared war on Japan and a few days later Japans allies, Germany and Italy, declared war on the U.S. The U.S. was officially at war.

  • Pearl Harbor PBS

  • Pearl Harbor Attack December 7, 1941

  • Bataan Death March Philippines, April 1942

    Japanese soldiers forced 78,000 prisoners of war to march more than 55 miles

    More than 600 Americans and over 10,000 Filipinos died

    5-12 days

    Brutality, disease, exposure, Lack of food, water

  • Battle of Midway

    June 3-7, 1942

    Only 6 months after Pearl Harbor

    With this victory, U.S. begins offensive war in Pacific

  • Island Hopping

    Allied strategy to defeat Japan:

    Focused on defeating poorly defended islands first; chose islands that would later aid in invading the Japanese mainland

  • Battle of Stalingrad

    August 1942-February 1943

    Largest and bloodiest battle in WWII with over a million casualties

    Germans had to redirect forces from the west to Russia, and ultimately were defeated

  • Casualties

  • Battle of El Alamein

    North African Campaign

    October 1942

    Germans vs. British

    Allied Victory

  • D-DAY (Allied Invasion of Europe)

    June 6, 1944 at Normandy, France.

    This invasion opened up a second front in Europe.

    The Allies were able to liberate France by August 1944.

  • D-Day Landing at Normandy June 6, 1944

  • D-Day

  • National D-Day Memorial

  • Yalta Conference

    Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt,

    Joseph Stalin

    January 1945

    Met in Russia at Yalta to make plans for end of war

    Agreed to divide Germany

  • Battle of the Bulge

    Winter 1944/1945

    Located in Belgium

    Last major German offensive

    Allied Victory

  • VE Day (Victory in Europe)

    May 8, 1945

    Hitler died a few days earlier

    Unconditional surrender offered by the President of Germany


  • Guam and Iwo Jima

    Guam---July 1944

    Iwo Jima--Feb. 1945

    Allied victories

    Set up for invasion of Japan

  • Battle of Okinawa, June 1945

    Japan continued to fight on with fierce determination. More people (soldiers and civilians) died in the Battle of Okinawa than from the atomic bombs .

    Casualties: Almost 220,000 killed --38,000 Americans wounded, 12,000 killed or missing, --more than 107,000 Japanese and Okinawan soldiers killed, --perhaps 100,000 Okinawan civilians killed

  • The End of the War

    The Allies issued an ultimatum demanding the Japanese surrender or face complete and utter destruction. The U.S. had successfully developed the worlds first atomic bomb (Robert Oppenheimers Manhattan Project).

    Robert Oppenheimer

  • Atomic Bombs Dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    On August 6, 1945, an American plane, the Enola Gay, dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima. (80,000 killed.) On August 9, 1945, another atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki. (40,000 killed) These bombs caused unbelievable devastation and death.

    The Japanese surrendered on September 2, 1945, a day known as V-J Day. WWII was over.

  • Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima August 6, 1945

  • Hiroshima

  • Hiroshima

  • Hiroshima

  • V-J Day

    The Japanese surrendered on Sept. 2, 1945,

    a day known as V-J Day

    General MacArthur and Emperor Hirohito