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WMATA’s Revised Roadway Worker Protection Program APTA Annual Conference Presentation October 2012 Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
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WMATA’s Revised · Workshop: January 11 – 13, 2010 ... Non-Uniform progressive training Uniform Progressive Training will accompany multiple levels of qualification

Sep 06, 2018

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  • WMATAs Revised Roadway Worker Protection Program APTA Annual Conference Presentation October 2012

    Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority

  • Purpose

    Review the initiative for WMATAs decision to redesign its Roadway Worker Protection (RWP) program

    Examine the process: research, development, implementation

    Examine RWP program effectiveness

    Share lessons learned from WMATAs experience

  • WMATA Rail System

    2nd largest transit rail system in U.S.

    86 stations

    Elevated, subsurface, and at-grade tracks and stations

    Two track system

    Exclusive track

    Some shared corridors

  • WMATA experienced significant safety issues affecting both its employees and its customers 2005-2006: 4 employees struck and

    killed by Metro trains in 13 months 2009: Red line incident 2009: Near miss to safety inspectors 2009 2010: Five Metro worker

    deaths within 7 months

    Tipping point - WMATA needed to reevaluate its approach to safety People and Organizational Climate Policies and Procedures Operational / Technical

    Background

  • WMATA takes an emergency response approach to safety

    Oversight agencies conduct audits December 2009

    Roadway Worker Protection Workshop: January 11 13, 2010

    RWP Work Group formed with representatives from all divisions with a vested interest in track safety

    Track Safety becomes a Top Priority

  • Assigned to identify best practices for track safety and Roadway Worker Protection

    procedures

    training

    equipment

    accountability

    culture

    RWP Work Group

    Work Group Practices/Research:

    Weekly meetings, intense debates, and a strict measures of progress

    Sight visits to peer agencies

    Experiences

    Lessons learned

    Programs implemented

    Incorporate applicable elements from the FRA RWP program

  • An RWP Manual (RWPM) was developed to ensure adequate safety measures are in place for all persons participating in any activity taking place on the roadway

    Modeled after the APTA RWP Standards which were modeled after the FRA 214.c Standard

    Incorporates a Good Faith Challenge Procedure.

    Local 689 members are actively involved with the RWP Manual development

    Metros RWP Manual encompass:

    Five new types of protection

    Multi-level protection

    Change in work zone control

    Understanding of accountability

    Increased training

    RWP Manual

  • SAFEST

    SAFE

    SCALE

    Individual Train Detection (Providing Own Protection)

    Train Approach Warning (Watchman/Lookout)

    Inaccessible Track

    Exclusive Track Occupancy

    Authority Local Signal

    Control Flagmen

    Stop Movements (Working

    Limits)

    Depart Track on

    Approach

    Foul Time

    Background

  • RIGHT OF WAY ACCESS GUIDE LINE Ch, Mkr # start ch, Mkr# end STATION START STATION END TRACK NUMBER NOTES Minimum "RWP" REQUIREMENTS

    A 575+00 620+00 A11 A12 2 CLEAR VIEW Any*

    A 620+00 640+00 A11 A12 2 PORTAL: RESTRICTED HEARING & SIGHT Watchman/Loookout**

    A 640+00 620+00 A12 A11 1 PORTAL: RESTRICTED HEARING & SIGHT Watchman/Loookout**

    A 620+00 565+00 A12 A11 1 CLEAR VIEW Any*

    A 640+00 645+00 A12 A13 2 PORTAL: RESTRICTED HEARING & SIGHT Watchman/Loookout**

    A 645+00 670+00 A12 A13 2 CLEAR VIEW Any*

    A 670+00 680+00 A12 A13 2 PORTAL: RESTRICTED HEARING & SIGHT Watchman/Loookout**

    A 680+00 700+00 A12 A13 2 CLEAR VIEW Any*

    A 700+00 692+00 A13 12 1 CLEAR VIEW Any*

    A 692+00 686+00 A13 A12 1 BLIND SPOT Watchman/Loookout**

    A 686+00 679+00 A13 A12 1 CLEAR VIEW Any*

    A 679+00 675+00 A13 A12 1 BLIND SPOT Watchman/Loookout**

    A 675+00 670+00 A13 A12 1 PORTAL: RESTRICTED HEARING & SIGHT Watchman/Loookout**

    A 670+00 645+00 A13 A12 1 CLEAR VIEW Any*

    A 645+00 640+00 A13 A12 1 PORTAL: RESTRICTED HEARING & SIGHT Watchman/Loookout**

    *In common corridor areas, Lone Workers MUST clear to a place of safety during the passage of Trains on Adjacent Railroad Property. **In some areas more than one watchman lookout may be necessary.

    Right of Way Access Guide

  • Fully reexamined WMATAs track safety training curriculums for both employees and contractors

    Established a tiered roadway training program in concert with the new RWP Manual

    FTA Enhanced Track Worker Safety Program - All employees and contractors held to a high standard of track safety, required to pass a test at the end of the course and take refresher training periodically

    RWP I: All employees, ROW Contractors and ROW Visitors

    RWP II: Open to a certain work classifications requiring roadway access

    RWP IV: Open to all employees required to manage roadway worker safety and mandatory for all Track Walkers, all ATC (Signal) Technicians.

    RWP Training

  • Training shall include, but not be limited to:

    Understanding the Right of Way

    Functions of all positions providing protection

    Familiarization of RWP Manual

    Understanding Signals, warnings, and safety instructions

    Track Hazards (On Track Site Visit)

    Train Detection Principles Ways to Detect Approaching Trains/Equipment (On Track Site Visit)

    Proficiency Examination

    RWP 1: Proficiency Level

  • In addition to RWP I, training shall include, but not be limited to:

    Determining Adequate Clearing Times

    Foul Time Usage

    Work Zone Limits (Fixed and Moving)

    Proper Warning Techniques

    Flagman duties and responsibilities

    Watchman/Lookout duties and responsibilities

    Practical Examination (3 practical demonstrations)

    Written Proficiency exam

    RWP II: ROW Flagmen, Watchmen/Lookouts

  • In addition to RWP I and RWP II training shall include; but not limited to:

    Work Zone Set-up

    Watchman/Lookout Placement Protected & Non-Protected Work Zones

    ROW & Vehicle Physical Characteristics

    Risk Assessment

    Effective On-Track Safety Briefings

    Written Comprehensive Exam

    3 Practical exams - (Various Work Zone Set-up, Protections, Conducting Job Briefings).

    RWP IV: Roadway Worker In Charge

  • 14 14

    Type Worker

    Un

    de

    rsta

    nd

    Tra

    ck

    Fu

    nctio

    n o

    f Oth

    ers

    Co

    mp

    lian

    ce

    Sig

    na

    ls b

    y W

    atc

    hm

    en

    Ha

    za

    rds

    Tra

    in D

    ete

    ctio

    n

    De

    tectio

    n D

    ista

    nce

    s

    ITD

    /Wo

    rkin

    g L

    imits

    OT

    S o

    f Te

    rritory

    Pro

    ficie

    ncy E

    xa

    m

    Wa

    rnin

    g o

    f Wo

    rke

    rs

    Fla

    gg

    ing

    Ru

    les

    Wo

    rkin

    g L

    imits

    Ru

    les

    TA

    W R

    ule

    s

    TA

    W A

    pplic

    atio

    n

    Ph

    ysic

    al

    Ch

    ara

    cte

    ristic

    s

    Re

    co

    rde

    d E

    xa

    m

    Ris

    k A

    sse

    ssm

    en

    t

    RWP I

    (All employees,

    contractors, visitors)

    RWP II

    (Those select classifications needing

    immediate Roadway

    Access)

    RWP IV

    (RWIC Qualified)

    Right-of-Way Training Levels

  • Audits

    QAAW

    Tri State Oversight

    Safety

    RWP Worker Managers

    Policy for Self Policing

    Revisions of manual

    RWP Accountability

  • High visibility clothing

    Flashlights

    Minimum Intensity: 65 Lumens

    Xenon, LED or Halogen

    Work Limit Lights

    Magnetized Strobes

    ROW Maintenance Machine (RMM)

    Xenon Lights

    LED Lighting

    Rotary Beacons

    RWP Technology for Safety

  • Change of Direction Alarm

    Back-up Alarms

    Cameras

    Proximity Sensors

    DOT Reflective Tape

    Extra Work Lights

    Track Equipment Vehicle Safety

  • Previous WMATA ROW Program New RWPM Program (Meets or Exceeds APTA /Industry Standards)

    Ambiguous work zone control Roadway Worker In Charge (RWIC) controls work zone

    One layer of worker protection Multi-layer worker protection

    No clear rules governing who can lead work crews and escort contractors

    Only a qualified RWIC can lead work crews and escort contractors

    Training inconsistent & ineffective New RWP exceeds present training

    Non-Uniform progressive training Uniform Progressive Training will accompany multiple levels of qualification

    No system-wide across the board retraining/requalification required for all personnel who set up work zones or enter the ROW.

    Retraining/requalification required every 12 months for RWIC, Watchman/Lookouts & ROW Flagman

    Then and Now

  • Conclusion 1 Process

    Key Players:

    Executive support

    Participants must be engaged and span all divisions with impacts to track safety

    The facilitator must keep everyone on point and accountable for assignments

    Unions should be represented

    Meetings and Discussion:

    Meet regularly

    Establish a timeline and goals

    Expect a lot of engaged and intense discussions

  • Conclusion 2 Lessons Learned

    ALL groups within the agency which either control or enter the Roadway must be engaged in the process from development to execution. This MUST include Operations Control Centers, Safety and the Maintenance groups.

    The RWP Manual is a living document which must be revised as necessary.

    Near misses MUST be tracked and investigated thoroughly. Employees MUST be encouraged to report.

  • Conclusion 2 Lessons Learned

    Good faith Challenges MUST be part of the process to place worker responsibility in their own hands. WMATA has experienced very few challenges since the inception of the program

    Audit and compliance checks are key elements to any successful program and must be routinely carried out and documented.

    Initial audits and compliance checks should be non punitive and opportunities for teaching and coaching.

  • In Closing -

    Overall safety culture on tracks is improving.

    One serious injury since inception.

    Culture change is slow and must be constantly reinforced.

    Good faith challenges and failure trending must be used to modify training and be used for employee development. Not for Discipline.