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Wide Area Monitoring (WAMS)

Jan 01, 2017

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Slide 1

Suphot Jitlikhit

Head in, Power System Analysis Section 1 Control & Protection Division Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand

December 8, 2010 EGAT, Thailand

Application of Phasor Measurement Units and Wide Area Monitoring System of EGATs Network

and Trend for Smart Grid

Smart Grid and Diagnostics

2

Contents

WAMS & PMU history in EGATs network

Phasor vs. SCADA Comparison

SCADA vs. PMU Measurement

Example for Real time Application

Benefits of using PMU in EGAT &Trend to Smart Grid

Conclusion

WAMS & PMU

3

Wide Area Monitoring (WAMS) : use GPS Satellite

Wide Area Monitoring System use a GPS satellite signal to time-synchronize from phasor measurement units (PMUs) at important nodes in the power system, send real-time phasor (angle and magnitude) data to a Control Centre.

The acquired phasor data provides dynamic information on power systems, which helps operators to initiate corrective actions to enhance the power system reliability.

GPS satellite

PMU

PMU

PMU

PMU

WAMS & PMU

4

Installation of PMUsat critical nodes in Power Systems.

GPS synchronized current and voltage phasor measurement.

Time resolution: < 106 s Measurement quality: 0.1% of U and Iand Angle accuracy of < +/- 0.05%

Wide Area Monitoring (WAMS) : System Configuration

High precision data acquisition

EGAT

WAMS & PMU

5

Wide Area Monitoring (WAMS) : Project in 2005

EGAT installation Wide Area Monitoring (WAMS)

Inter-area oscillation on the tie transmission line between the Central system and the Southern system is one of the important problems which lead to reduce stability and security of the transmission system.

To prevent system from inter-area oscillation, Wide Area Monitoring System (WAMS) was installed at the Central system and the Southern system in 2005 to monitor the stability of this power transmission network.

WAMS & PMU

Bottleneck in transmission corridor:

Limit due to concerns about power oscillation , the origin, amplitude, frequency, usual duration and damping of oscillation are not know

6

Wide Area Monitoring (WAMS) : Power Oscillation Monitoring

Bang Saphan

Central-South power corridor

Surat Thani

WAMS & PMU

6

7

Wide Area Monitoring (WAMS) : PMU Installation

EGAT installation Wide Area Monitoring (WAMS)

Phasors Monitoring Units (PMUs) are installed at Bang Saphan and Surathani Substation and use a GPS satellite signal to time-synchronize voltage and current readings as they are taken from both substations.

Data can be streamed into a Control Center from far-flung points in the grid, where it is evaluated to give grid operators a precise picture of what is happening in their system, online. They can also finally see what is happening beyond their own control area an advance over traditional monitoring and protection methods.

WAMS & PMU

WAMS Benefit:

Detect of oscillation, Assessment of power system damping, Oscillation Monitoring, Increase power transfer at defined security, and Early warning to avoid power system collapse.

8

Wide Area Monitoring (WAMS) : Schematic Diagram

WAMS & PMU

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The project has upgraded from the existing of Digital Fault Recorder (DFR), totally 6 sites and 14 PMUs installed.

This is as the pilot project to test the function of PMU on DFR platform.

Phasor Data Concentrator (PDC) and its software application has been installed in the server and its display available at the operator console for visualization.

This project has only used for monitoring purpose and observe the system in broader scale..

Wide Area Monitoring (WAMS) : Project in 2010

WAMS & PMU

10

Wide Area Monitoring (WAMS) : Phasor vs. SCADA Comparison

WAMS & PMU

11

Wide Area Monitoring (WAMS) : SCADA vs. PMU Measurement

WAMS & PMU

PMU is the higher time-resolution providing about power system dynamics in comparison with SCADA/EMS

12

Wide Area Monitoring (WAMS) : Example for Real time Application

Phase Angle Monitoring

Voltage Stability Monitoring

Power Oscillation Monitoring

WAMS & PMU

13

WAMS Application Example: Phase Angle Monitoring

WAMS & PMU

Benefits:

Provide operator with real time information about voltage phase angle deviation, Improve voltage control, improve system stability, security and reliability , and operate safety carrying components closer to their limit.

14

WAMS Application Example: Voltage Stability Monitoring

PMU & WAMS

14

Early warning

Emergency alarm

Normal Operation

WAMS & PMU

Benefit:

Early warning against voltage collapses, Immediate stop of cascading effects, and Protection against uprising voltage instabilities.

15

WAMS Application Example: Power Oscillation Monitoring

EGAT

Wide Area Monitoring

EGAT

System Status:

Normal, Warning and Alarm

WAMS & PMU

WAMS Benefit:

Detection of oscillation, Assessment of power system damping, Increase power transfer at defined security, and Early warning to avoid power system collapse.

16

Benefit of Using PMU in EGAT & Trend for Smart Grid

Real time monitoring

Post-disturbance analysis

Adaptive protection

Power system restoration

WAMS & PMU

Goal & Benefits

Source: Dr. Luigi Vanfretti, KTH Sweden

17

Benefit of Using PMU in EGAT &Trend Smart Grid: Real time monitoring

17

To provide operators with real time knowledge of system conditions

Goal

Improve calculation for real

time path flow and optimal

dispatch

Provide actual limits of the

system instead of the

conservative ones from

offline calculations

Benefits of using PMU

WAMS & PMU

18

Benefit of Using PMU in EGAT & Trend for Smart Grid: Post Disturbance Analysis

To reconstruct the sequence of events after disturbance has occurred

Goal

Benefits of using PMU

Easier to understand sequence of events when using

synchronized data from PMU

WAMS & PMU

19

Benefit of Using PMU in EGAT&Trend for Smart Grid: Adaptive Protection

Adapt protection to be appropriate with system condition

Goal

Benefits of using PMU

Improved backup protection

Adaptive protection setting

to avoid cascading outage

WAMS & PMU

20

Benefit of Using PMU in EGAT&Trend for Smart Grid: Power System Restoration

Assist system operator during restoration with data from PMU

Goal

Benefits of using PMU

System operator have more confidence during restoration

Reduce chance of recurrence of system outage

Reduce time needed for a system restoration

WAMS & PMU

21

Benefit of Using PMU in EGAT&Trend for Smart Grid: Smart Transmission Grid

WAMS & PMU

22

Conclusion

EGAT has installed WAMS & PMU since 2005, for monitoring

and resolution of power oscillation problem between Central and

Southern region. In 2010, more project has installed for visualization of

power system in broader scale.

The capabilities of PMU for high precision, speed of response and

GPS time synchronization make PMU very appropriate for wide

area monitoring for protection and control.

An Advanced early warning technology for power grids that helps

operators to ensure grid reliability by detecting and counteracting the

first signs of grid instability.

Trend for the Smart Grid for the future.

WAMS & PMU

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