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What was life like for Australians around the turn of the century?

Feb 25, 2016

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What was life like for Australians around the turn of the century?. You will LEARN ABOUT. how people lived in Australia around the turn of the century. You will LEARN TO. use primary sources to describe features of lifestyle of a variety of social groups. How much do you know?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

How did people live in Australia around the turn of the century?

What was life like for Australians around the turn of the century?1how people lived in Australia around the turn of the centuryYou will LEARN ABOUTYou will LEARN TOuse primary sources to describe features of lifestyle of a variety of social groups2About how many people were living in Australia in 1901?a) 1 million b) 4 million c) 10 million d) 15 millionMost people in Australia liveda) In the cities b) in the country c) in the city, in the countryAustralians mainly travelled bya) cars b) train c) bicycle d) tram e) horse & carriageMost Australians enjoyeda) playing cricket b) playing football c) watching sport

How much do you know?3About how many people were living in Australia in 1901?a) 1 million b) 4 million c) 10 million d) 15 millionMost people in Australia liveda) In the cities b) in the country c) in the city, in the countryAustralians mainly travelled bya) cars b) train c) bicycle d) tram e) horse & carriageMost Australians enjoyeda) playing cricket b) playing football c) watching sport

Bankstown - 1922SOURCE STUDY 1 City Life - Suburbs4Bankstown was first subdivided in 1909 and the population of the area at the time was about 2,000 People could pay a deposit of 1 pound ($2) and pay the balance back at 10 shillings ($1) a weekThis was essentially a First Home Buyers scheme174 blocks were sold by this methodBankstown railway opened in 1909This is typical of the growth of cities throughout Australia

About 50% of people lived in the city and 50% in the country on farms, sheep and cattle stations, mining communities and country townsAustralia was one of the most urbanised countries at this time2/3 of the population lived in NSW and VIC500,000 lived in Melbourne and the same in Sydney

Where Did Australians Live?5Houses were small and simple. Many had water tanks connected to them and some had furnishings outside. Most houses would consist of a chimney and would have a fence circulating around it. Houses6Most people rode horses or horses and carriages. They walked from place to place.They rode camels.Transport7People usually wore clothes that were long.Most of the clothes consisted of high necklines.Wore closed shoes: 1 or 2 pairs of onlyAll the dresses had long sleeves. They often wore protective clothing to keep clean (aprons, dust coats)They used handkerchiefs (not tissues)Hats were worn by both men and women but men took theirs off when they went insideClothes and Accessories8Most of the woman sewed and knittedSome of them played the pianoThey travelled on camelsThey attended churchPlayed board gamesSing-a-longsPicnicsWatching sport such as cricket and footballRiding bicyclesActivities9There was a variety of living conditions and homes in the citiespoorer suburbs close to factories with their small often substandard housesTerrace houses with a small backyard for middle class familiesFederation style free standing houses with a large block for the more wealthyLife in the Cities10

Terrace houses in DarlinghurstCity Life - Houses11These terrace houses were originally for the middle class until the gaol was built nearby and it then became home for the poorer people

Federation was a very decorative style.Tall, steep and varied roof shapesRooms had irregular shapes with nooks and splayed cornersBuilt mostly of red brickPorches or verandahs have ornamental painted woodwork. Colourful leadlight windows

12FURNITURE

Blouse ChestDressing Table

Commode ChairDay BedDouble BedDining Suite13Many people had only very basic furniture.The examples that we still have today are usually those from the more wealthy homesOften poorer people made their own furniture from wooden crates

Pyrmont Bridge was completed in 1902 so that traffic could get to the Queen Victoria Markets. SOURCE STUDY 2 City Life - Transport14Much of the first traffic was carts, wagons and other horse drawn vehiclesPyrmont Bridge was completed in 1902 so that traffic could get to the Queen Victoria Markets. The bridge could open up with a swinging span and allow ships to pass through to Darling Harbour

SOURCE STUDY 3Leisure A

A visit to Manly BeachSnake charmer at La Peruse a popular tourist spotSwimming BathsMovie Poster15Australians enjoyed many forms of leisure.This came about after the SOURCE STUDY 2Leisure B

Family PicnicsSing-a-longsOpening of Killara Golf CourseAge, Melbourne, 21 March 1904

The aspect of the Yarra was transformed on Saturday afternoon, when the first Melbourne amateur regatta - the Australian Henley was most auspiciously inaugurated. Vast crowds assembled on the river banks, and Princes bridge, which gave a commanding view of the course, black with people.16Popular Parlor Games, Pastimes and Amusements:

Book ReadingCard Games (Whist, Bridge, etc.)CharadesCheckersChessDiceDominosHand ShadowsJacks and MarblesLace MakingMusical Instrument PlayingPaper DollsParcheesiPhotographySewing Tea Leaf Fortune Reading

17SOURCE STUDY 3Transport

Redfern Railway - 1900Trams & Buggies - Enmore Rd

Mans bicycle - 1900Womans bicycle - 191018SOURCE STUDY 4Clothing

19SOURCE STUDY 5Kitchen/Food

Egg scalesKitchen ScalesCharcoal Burning StoveKitchen CanistersButter Churn & Cooking PotAdvertisement20SOURCE STUDY 6Health and Medicine

Lewisham Hospital c.1905Medicine Box

21Plague 458 cases and 165 people died in 1900

Deaths Sydney had 607 cases and 197 deaths in total 1900 1925

Queensland had the most deaths 276 people died from the plagueHow Healthy was Life in Australia in 1900?22SOURCE STUDY 10Aboriginal People

23SOURCE STUDY 11Children - School

Empire Day Celebrations at Gordon PSGardening LessonStudents of Menai PS24END OF PRESENTATION25

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