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Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 0 | 35 Future Food Symposium 07. Februar 2020, Technopark Zürich Prof. Dr.-Ing. Alexander Mathys ETH Zürich Welchen Proteinen gehört die Zukunft? Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich |
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  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 0 | 35

    Future Food Symposium

    07. Februar 2020, Technopark Zürich

    Prof. Dr.-Ing. Alexander Mathys

    ETH Zürich

    Welchen Proteinen gehört die Zukunft?

    Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich |

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 1 | 35

    Food systems are at the heart of at least 12 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

    (United Nations, 2015)

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 2 | 35

    (Chaudhary, Gustafson and Mathys 2018, Nature Communications)

    Multi-indicator sustainability analysis of global food systems, the heart of at least 12 of 17 SDGs

    Global food system sustainability performance

    Food Nutrient Adequacy (1)

    Ecosystem stability (2)

    Affordability and

    Availability (3)

    Sociocultural well-being (4)Resilience (5)

    Food safety (6)

    Waste and loss reduction (7)

    High income regions

    chocola

    tfre

    y.c

    h

    …a 5.65 trillion USD market

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 3 | 35

    Multi-indicator approach quantifying the status of national food system performance

    1

    3

    2

    4

    5

    6

    7

    (Chaudhary, Gustafson and Mathys 2018, Nature Communications)

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 4 | 35

    (Chaudhary, Gustafson and Mathys 2018, Nature Communications)

    Multi Indicator Sustainability Assessment - Nutrient Balance Score and Disqualifying Nutrient Score

    Nutrient Balance Score NBS

    where: 𝑄𝐼𝑞,𝑘 is the value for the Qualifying Index (QI)

    of an individual nutrient q in the country k and Nq is

    the number of qualifying nutrients considered (=25),

    Daily Reference Intakes DRI, Ek is the total daily

    caloric intake for country k, aq,k is the daily intake

    amount of a qualifying or disqualifying food nutrient q

    in country k

    Disqualifying Nutrient Score DNS

    Disqualifying Index DI for each of the four public

    health-sensitive nutrients d(sugar, cholesterol,

    saturated fat,& total fat) as the ratio of their amounts

    contained in 2000 kcal of a given country’s diet, and

    their MRV for those nutrients

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 5 | 35

    (Oliv

    ia F

    ox C

    ab

    an

    e,

    2019,

    mo

    dif

    ied

    )

    The Global Alternative Protein Ecosystem (Fox, 2019) – Great opportunity for collaborations!

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 6 | 35

    Selected alternative protein sources with different time scales to market with large scale volumes

    (pictures from Buhler 2018, Diagram 178)

    Pulses

    (short term)Algae

    (mid-long term)

    Insects

    (short-mid term)

    Lab meat

    (long term)

    Alternatives to benchmark plant proteins Alternatives to benchmark animal proteins

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 7 | 35

    Multi Indicator Sustainability Assessment - A case study on pulse integration into food commodities

    Bread

    Cereals

    Pasta

    Nutrient Balance Score NBS

    +11%

    +70%

    +18%

    Life cycle carbon footprint

    -4%

    -11%

    -13%

    Nutrition carbon footprint score (NCFS)

    +15%

    +90%

    +35%

    Yellow Pea

    15%

    53%

    30%

    1) Chaudhary, Gustafson & Mathys (2018). Nature Communications. 9:848.

    2) Chaudhary, Marinangeli, Tremorin & Mathys (2018). Nutrients, 10, 490.

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 8 | 35

    Relevant benchmark and alternative protein sources with their respective environmental footprint

    Smetana, Mathys et al. (2015). International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment

    10.9 -11.3 up to 20 mPt

    fresh beef meat in slaughterhouse

    En

    vir

    on

    me

    nta

    l fo

    otp

    rin

    t

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 9 | 35

    New open environmental sustainability study of most relevant protein sources incl future scenarios

    Smetana, Schmitt & Mathys (2019). Resources, Conservation & Recycling. 144, 285–296.

    • Fishmeal

    • Chicken

    • Insects

    • Microalgae• Egg

    • Whey• Rapeseed

    • Soy

    acidification energy demand eutrophication freshwater depletion global warming potential land use ozone depletion

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 10 | 35

    New sustainability study of the most relevant protein sources in comparison incl different scenarios

    Smetana, Schmitt & Mathys (2019). Resources, Conservation & Recycling. 144, 285–296.

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 11 | 35

    (Coyle

    , 2

    01

    1)

    Different technology readiness level, the connected ecosystem and relevance of economies of scale

    ww

    w.f

    oto

    lia

    .co

    m

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 12 | 35

    Microalgae

    Novel

    Ressources

    Primary

    ProductionGentle Release Functional

    IngredientsSafety Consumption

    Biological

    Response

    Algae Bioreactors Proteins & Lipids Quality Foods

    Microbial Ecosystem

    Analysis and Control

    Structure-Process

    Properties Interactions

    Disintegration

    Emerging preservation

    Preservation Nutritive Foods

    Multi Indicator Sustainability Assessment - Method Development and Case Studies

    Cooperation

    with medical science

    ?

    ETH Sustainable Food Processing Research- Single cell systems with a case study on microalgae

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 13 | 35

    (Buhler AG, 2017)

    Single cell systems with a case study on microalgae

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 14 | 35

    Innovative algae upstream cultivation to adapt pigments and final color

    Caporgno, Haberkorn, Böcker & Mathys (2019). Bioresource Technology, 288, 121476.

    Auxenochlorella protothecoides

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 15 | 35

    Innovative Algae Biorefinery Concept based on emerging Up- and Downstream

    Leandro Buchmann

    Doctoral candidate

    Greta Canelli

    Doctoral candidate

    Lukas Böcker,

    Doctoral candidate

    Iris Haberkorn,

    Doctoral candidate

    Urban Farming Option

    1) Buchmann, Frey, Gusbeth, Ravaynia & Mathys (2019). Bioresource Technology 271, 402-408.

    2) Böcker, Ortmann, Surber, Leeb, Reineke & Mathys (2019). Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies, 52, 116-121.

    3) Buchmann, Bloch & Mathys (2018). Bioresource Technology 265, 268-274.

    4) Buchmann, Böcker, Frey, Haberkorn, Nyffeler & Mathys (2018). Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies 47, 445-453.

    5) Caporgno & Mathys (2018). Frontiers in Nutrition 5:58.

    6) Caporgno, Haberkorn, Böcker & Mathys (2019). Bioresource Technology, 288, 121476.

    7) Buchmann,Bertsch, Böcker, Krähenmann, Fischer & Mathys (2019). Food Hydrocolloids, 105182.

    8) Buchmann,Brändle, Haberkorn, Hiestand & Mathys (2019). Bioresource Technology, 291, 121870.

    9) Haberkorn, Buchmann, Hiestand & Mathys (2019). Bioresource Technology, 122029.

    10) Caporgno*, Böcker*, Müssner, Stirnemann, Haberkorn, Adelmann, Handschin, Windhab and Mathys (2020). Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies, vol. 59, pp. 102275

    11) Canelli et al. (2020). Algae Research. 45, 101754.

    12) Böcker et al. (2020). Food Chemistry. Minor revision.

    (BIQ

    Ham

    bu

    rg,

    20

    10

    )

    Christoph Blattmann

    PostDoc

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 16 | 35

    Urban algae cultivation and… Urban food processing via downscaled systems?

    (BIQ Hamburg, EnerGaia, Ehrfeld GmbH, Mathys, 2010)

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 17 | 35

    Buchmann & Mathys (2019).Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology.7:265.

    Pulsed electric field PEF for more efficient up and downstream bioprocessing, case studies on algae

    Leandro Buchmann

    Doctoral

    candidate

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 18 | 35

    Comprehensive pulsed electric field PEF system control for more efficient algae processing

    Leandro Buchmann

    Doctoral

    candidate

    Different Arthrospira platensis suspensions

    1) Buchmann, Frey, Gusbeth, Ravaynia & Mathys (2019). Bioresource Technology 271, 402-408.

    2) Buchmann,Bertsch, Böcker, Krähenmann, Fischer & Mathys (2019). Food Hydrocolloids, 105182.

    3) Buchmann, Bloch & Mathys (2018). Bioresource Technology 265, 268-274.

    4) Buchmann, Böcker, Frey, Haberkorn, Nyffeler & Mathys (2018). Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies 47, 445-453.

    5) Haberkorn, Buchmann, Hiestand & Mathys (2019). Bioresource Technology, 122029.

    6) Buchmann,Brändle, Haberkorn, Hiestand & Mathys (2019). Bioresource Technology, 291, 121870.

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 19 | 35

    Iris Haberkorn,

    ETH Doctoral candidate

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 20 | 35

    Leandro Buchmann

    Doctoral

    candidate

    Extraction

    Recovery

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 21 | 35

    Short time thermal kinetics of phycocyanin color loss– A biphasic process

    Lukas Böcker,

    doctoral candidate

    at ETH Zurich SFP

    Phycocyanobilin- the terminal acceptor of energy

    Böcker, Ortmann, Surber, Leeb, Reineke & Mathys (2019). Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies, 52, 116-121.

    Böcker et al (2020). Food Chemistry, minor revision

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 22 | 35

    Ultra short time-high temperature process windows for different applications

    Christoph Blattmann

    PostDoc

    Robert Axelrod

    Doctoral candidate

    1) Mathys (2018). Frontiers in Nutrition 5: 24.

    2) Sevenich & Mathys (2018). Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety 17(3), 646-662.

    3) Böcker, Ortmann, Surber, Leeb, Reineke & Mathys (2019). Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies, 52, 116-121

    Arrhenius Equation

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 23 | 35

    Micro process engineering for ultra fast thermal treatments

    (Eh

    rfe

    ld, 2

    01

    8)

    (Eh

    rfeld

    , 20

    18

    )

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 24 | 35

    High moisture extrusion to produce algae based meat analogs

    Caporgno*, Böcker*, Müssner, Stirnemann, Haberkorn, Adelmann, Handschin, Windhab and Mathys (2020). Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies, vol. 59, pp. 102275

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 25 | 35

    High moisture extrusion to produce algae based meat analogs- increase of nutritional value

    Caporgno*, Böcker*, Müssner, Stirnemann, Haberkorn, Adelmann, Handschin, Windhab and Mathys (2020). Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies, vol. 59, pp. 102275

    Recommended daily intake (RDI) of the selected vitamins in 100 g of unprocessed microalgae (MA) powder, extrudate

    with 50% MADW before and after extrusion, and soy protein concentrate powder according to FDA (2016).

    Lukas Böcker,

    doctoral candidate

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 26 | 35

    ETH Zurich Microalgae R&D with Institute Space Systems University Stuttgart

    Microbial community structure based on NGS of non-axenic Chlorella vulgaris SAG 211-12 samples

    cultivated in a µ-gravity photobioreactor to realize algae based life support systems

    ISS project coordinated by

    University Stuttgart,

    (Haberkorn, Böcker, Helisch, Belz, Schuppler, Fasoulas, Mathys, 2017)

    Iris Haberkorn,

    ETH Doctoral candidate

    Alexander Gerst with Chlorella

    ISS, October 2018; ESA/NASA

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 27 | 35

    Novel

    Ressources

    Primary

    ProductionGentle Release Functional

    IngredientsSafety Consumption

    Biological

    Response

    Insects Rearing

    Microbial Safety and

    Stimulation

    Structure-Process

    Properties Interactions

    Emerging preservation

    Separation Protein & Lipids Preservation Quality Food/Feed Nutritive Foods

    Multi Indicator Sustainability Assessment - Method Development and Case Studies

    Cooperation

    with medical science

    ?

    ETH Sustainable Food Processing Research- Insects as alternative animal source

    https://www.google.ch/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwjGga2CxpnTAhUL6RQKHUAYDQMQjRwIBw&url=https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/124528264/cricket-protein-for-food-security-in-west-africa&bvm=bv.152174688,d.d24&psig=AFQjCNGgG-d_cpmtdHtArYQ0pj5YcsdSHA&ust=1491901171172222

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 28 | 35

    Insects as alternative animal source

    (Ensia 2014)

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 29 | 35

    Doctoral candidate at ETH SFP, Moritz Gold

    Insect cultivation on waste streams

    • Insect for feed applications

    • Processing and feasibilities for countries in development

    • Advanced life cycle assessment

    ETH Engineering for Development (E4D) Insect Project (2017-2020) – Focus on Countries in Development

    International Research Partners (Total Budget 1,000,000 CHF):

    • ETH Zurich- Sustainable Food Processing Laboratory- lead

    • Sandec/Eawag

    • Texas A&M

    • Stellenbosch University, South Africa

    • Huazhong Agricultural University, China

    • Sanergy, Kenya

    • The Recycler, Tanzania

    • World Food System Center, ETH

    • Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL)

    • Bühler AG

    • Entomos AG

    • Essento Food AG

    • Protix

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 30 | 35

    Black Soldier Fly based waste utilization system for decentralized and centralized production

    (Stefan Diener, Black Soldier Fly Biowaste Processing Manual, Sandec 2017; ETH Zurich SFP and Eawag facility in Dübendorf, CH)

    Moritz Gold and Dani Peguero

    doctoral candidates

    1) Gold,Tomberlin, Diener, Zurbrügg, & Mathys (2018). Waste Management. 82, 302-318.

    2) Smetana, Schmitt & Mathys (2019). Resources, Conservation & Recycling. 144. 285-296.

    3) Soomoro , Rehman, Zheng, Cai, Xiao, Hu, Mathys, Gold, Yu & Zhang (2019). Waste Management. 86, 114-122.

    4) Smetana, Schmitt & Mathys (2019). Resources, Conservation & Recycling. 144, 285–296.

    5) Aarts, Jansen, Jacobs, Mescher, Prenter, Mathys & De Moraes (2018). Processing of insect larvae. EU patent application. Application No 18175914.3-110

    6) Gold, Cassar, Zurbrügg, Kreuzer, Bolus, Diener & Mathys (2019). Waste Management. 102, 319-329.

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 31 | 35

    Black Soldier Fly treatment, detailed mechanisms in the biowaste and larva reactor

    Moritz Gold,

    doctoral candidate

    1) Gold,Tomberlin, Diener, Zurbrügg, & Mathys (2018). Waste Management. 82, 302-318.

    2) Smetana, Schmitt & Mathys (2019). Resources, Conservation & Recycling. 144. 285-296.

    3) Soomoro , Rehman, Zheng, Cai, Xiao, Hu, Mathys, Gold, Yu & Zhang (2019). Waste Management. 86, 114-122.

    4) Smetana, Schmitt & Mathys (2019). Resources, Conservation & Recycling. 144, 285–296.

    5) Aarts, Jansen, Jacobs, Mescher, Prenter, Mathys & De Moraes (2018). Processing of insect larvae. EU patent application. Application No 18175914.3-110

    6) Gold, Cassar, Zurbrügg, Kreuzer, Bolus, Diener & Mathys (2019). Waste Management. 102, 319-329.

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 32 | 35

    1

    2

    BSF - Effects of the different individual wastes and performance increase through formulation

    Gold, Cassar, Zurbrügg, Kreuzer, Bolus, Diener & Mathys (2019). Waste Management. 102, 319-329.

    Moritz Gold,

    doctoral candidate

    (1) waste reduction

    (2) bioconversion rate

    (3) waste conversion efficiency

    (4) protein conversion efficiency

    in comparison to the benchmark

    poultry feed (dashed vertical line).

    (1) (2)

    (3) (4)

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 33 | 35

    Scaling of the insect based biorefinery - new insect sustainability study of most advanced factory

    (Bu

    hle

    r A

    G&

    Pro

    tix,

    2019)

    1) Gold,Tomberlin, Diener, Zurbrügg, & Mathys (2018). Waste Management. 82, 302-318.

    2) Smetana, Schmitt & Mathys (2019). Resources, Conservation & Recycling. 144. 285-296.

    3) Soomoro , Rehman, Zheng, Cai, Xiao, Hu, Mathys, Gold, Yu & Zhang (2019). Waste Management. 86, 114-122.

    4) Smetana, Schmitt & Mathys (2019). Resources, Conservation & Recycling. 144, 285–296.

    5) Aarts, Jansen, Jacobs, Mescher, Prenter, Mathys & De Moraes (2018). Processing of insect larvae. EU patent application. Application No 18175914.3-110

    6) Gold, Cassar, Zurbrügg, Kreuzer, Bolus, Diener & Mathys (2019). Waste Management. 102, 319-329.

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 34 | 35

    Our new insect sustainability study in the press

    Smetana, Schmitt & Mathys (2019). Resources, Conservation & Recycling. 144, 285–296.

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 35 | 35

    Microalgae

    Novel

    Ressources

    Primary

    ProductionGentle Release Functional

    IngredientsSafety Consumption

    Biological

    Response

    Insects

    Algae Bioreactors

    Rearing

    Proteins & Lipids Quality Foods

    Microbial Ecosystem

    Analysis and Control

    Structure-Process

    Properties Interactions

    Disintegration

    Emerging preservation

    Separation Protein & Lipids Preservation

    Preservation Nutritive Foods

    Quality Food/Feed Nutritive Foods

    Multi Indicator Sustainability Assessment - Method Development and Case Studies

    Cooperation

    with medical science

    ?

    ?

    ETH Sustainable Food Processing Research Focus: Conclusion & Outlook

    https://www.google.ch/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwjGga2CxpnTAhUL6RQKHUAYDQMQjRwIBw&url=https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/124528264/cricket-protein-for-food-security-in-west-africa&bvm=bv.152174688,d.d24&psig=AFQjCNGgG-d_cpmtdHtArYQ0pj5YcsdSHA&ust=1491901171172222

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 36 | 35

    Thank you very much to the whole Sustainable Food Processing Group

    Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich |

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 37 | 35

    www.futurefoodtalents.org

    (ns Pulsed Electrical Field PEF Lab for more efficient algae processing at ETH Sustainable Food Processing SFP)

    Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich |

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 38 | 35

    Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich

    Acknowledgement

    ETH; Department of Health Sciences and Technology & Institute of Food, Nutrition and Health

    ETH Sustainable Food Processing & Food Process Engineering Teams

    Donors Buhler AG & Migros Industry Support, ETH Foundation, SNF

    Partners

    Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich |

    https://www.google.ch/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwjH07TR8s_aAhWPKewKHWnEBd0QjRx6BAgAEAU&url=https://www.newswire.ca/news-releases/25-by-2025-canadian-pulse-industry-sets-ambitious-target-for-future-growth-611054525.html&psig=AOvVaw3ub-flOZZHEcP_xV_pxdG6&ust=1524555674302377

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 39 | 35

    alexander.mathys@hest.ethz.ch

    www.sfp.ethz.ch

    Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich |

  • Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich | 40 | 35Alexander Mathys | ETH Zurich |