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Use of harvester machines & combine harvester

Jan 19, 2015

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Education

A guide line to Use of harvester machines & combine harvester,M.M.Palitha Mahinda Munasinghe,Sri Lanka

2. Fruit HarvestingPlucking by HandElevator BucketPole with Hook Bucket Pole & Scissors25/09/2012 mmpmm 2 3. Fruit HarvestingGrape HarvestingTractor Coupled Grape harvesterGrape HarvesterPapaya Harvesting25/09/2012 mmpmm 3 4. Potato Digger25/09/2012 mmpmm 4 5. Type ofHarvestersForageHarvesterSorghumElephant Grass,Guinea GrassSugar CaneGrainHarvesterRiceWheatMaizeBarleyMilletsVegetableHarvesterTomatoCauliflowerRoot CropHarvesterSweetPotato,Potato, SugarBeet, Carrot,TurnipLegumeHarvesterGreen GramBlack GramSoybeanPeaCowpeaFruitHarvesterGrapes25/09/2012 mmpmm 5 6. Coffee HarvesterStable 3-wheel design, maneuverable andfeatures durable polycarbonate catcherplates with adjustable pitch for maximumfruit retentionLength: 5.89mWidth: 3.48mHeight: 3.48mLift: 50cmTunnel width: 1.4mThroat width: 60cmWeight: 5,897kg25/09/2012 mmpmm 6 7. Mini Sugarcane HarvesterSugarcane Harvester 337 HP JD 4 Valve (375 Hp Optional) Can harvest up to 40 Ton/Hour of Sugarcane Complete solution to harvesting which includesbase cutting, De-Topping, De-Trashing, Cuttingto Billets and loading to trailer25/09/2012 mmpmm 7 8. Combine HarvesterThree separate operationscomprisingHarvesting (Reaping)ThreshingWinnowinginto A Single Process25/09/2012 mmpmm 8 9. Development of CombineHarvester Reaper Reaper Binder Threshers Reaper thresher binder (Combine Harvester)Two main types of combines are prevalent Conventional Rotary25/09/2012 mmpmm 9 10. Paddy ReaperOverallDimensions:(LWH)2390x1470x900mmCutting width 120cmWeight 116kgWorking capacity 3-4hr/ha(1.2-1.6hr/acre)Engine typeAir-cooled;4-stroke;OHV;singlecylinderDisplacement 163ccMaximum Power Output (5.5HP)4.1kwRated Power(4.0HP)3.0kwOutputStarting System Recoil/ElectricCone Reaper &Thresher25/09/2012 mmpmm 10 11. Combine Harvester Further Classified AsTractor Mounted TypeSelf propelled TypeWheel Type Crawler Type25/09/2012 mmpmm 11 12. Conventional combine harvester1 Reel2 Cutter bar3 Header auger4 Grain conveyor5 Stone trap6 Threshing drum7 Concave8 Straw walker9 Grain pan10 Fan11 Top Adjustable sieve12 Bottom sieve13 Tailings conveyor14 Re-threshing of tailings15 Grain auger16 Grain tank17 Straw chopper18 Driver's cab19 Engine20 Unloading auger21 Impeller25/09/2012 mmpmm 12 13. Soybean CombineHarvesterCutting width 1870/1950mmFeed 1.5kg/sProductivity 0.2-0.5hectare/hBest Ridge Distance 65mm Use of automatic profile floating cutter to ensure lowest harvesting height and adapt to thedifferent landform Rasp-bar cylinder and spike tooth cylinder to gain much better threshing effect Use of re-threshing device obtains low loss rate and high cleanliness To higher purity and loss rate, adopt double louver sieves with adjustable opening Reclaim stem and skin separately, be used for feed, more systematic To control the loss rate effectively with the centrifugal fan and changeable wind speed25/09/2012 mmpmm 13 14. Center distance(mm) 1000Ground pressure(kpa) 21.1Ground clearance(mm) 240Cutting Width (mm) 1500Cutting Rows 4Crop height(mm) 650-1300Cutting bar lifting way HydraulicSleeping paddyadoptabilityReaping follow 85, Reapingagainst75Threshing drum type Axle flow typeThreshing drum Dia. *424x800Length (mm)Threshing drum Rotation 510Cleaning system Air-blower + shacking sieveStraw handling Lay-flat / crush (50-60mm)Blade type Round bladeSmall grain tank (0.3cbm) Bagging riceBig grain tank (0.7CBM) Unloading augerWorking0.2-0.4efficiency(hectare/hour)Half Feeding PaddyCombine Harvester Feeding depth adjustable, Load display and automatic alarming functions It adopts hydraulic step less speed-change plus three-range transmission Rubber track size: 400*90*46 Suspension type wheel train with combination seal system Interval of mesh screen for straw and wind strength for cleaning is adjustable Equipped with straw cutting, tiling, and stacking device25/09/2012 mmpmm 14 15. Full FeedingPaddy CombineHarvesterDrive TrainTrack Size(mm) 90x46x400Track Center(mm) 1030Min. ground245clearance(mm)HarvestingCutting width(mm) 2000Feeding capacity(t/h) 7.2Cutting Bar Lift Hydraulic ControlThreshingThreshing TypeAxial flow type with BeatbarsFeeding Cylinder(mm) 550x648.5Threshing Cylinder(mm) 550x1295Filtrate TypeVibrating-Sieves+centrifugal fanDischargingSide Grain Tank 0.3 M3, Manual TypeCentered Grain Tank 0.8 M3, Automatic TypeOperation efficiency 0.25-0.47 ha./hCrop Rice, Wheat, Rapeseed New design of Tension Frame, avoiding belt being broken and track slip Larger Feeding Bridge with bigger feeding capacity Double threshing Cylinders make the grain cleaner and less loss Down-forward outlet for straws with Shredding Mechanism to get straw pieces back to field25/09/2012 mmpmm 15 16. Corn Combine HarvesterPicking Mechanism Type Picking plate + cutting rollerHarvesting Rows 4Applicable Row Width mm 480~580Power kW 90.5~92Engine speed r/min 2400Theoretical Travel Speed km/hgear 1.55 3.45gear 3.43 7.61gear 9.25 20.51Reverse gear 3.62 8.03Pure work productivity h/h 0.33~0.58Grain Tank Volume 2.5Stalk Smashing Width mm 2000Stalk Smashing BladesCombination Type2 curve blades + 1 straightblade in the middle Full hydraulic steering system for flexible and convenient control Equip with the 4-wheel brake system which makes it more safe Better adjusted conveying chain of the header, offers more reliability It employs steel header cover to prevent the wheat spikes from falling The chopping device adopts two curve blades + one straight blade in the middle25/09/2012 mmpmm 16