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Unepnordicpresentation 06.12.2015

Aug 06, 2015

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lily-riahi

  1. 1. A Global Initiative to Unlock the Potential of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy District Energy in Cities: An Integrated Approach to the Energy Transition Nordic Heating and Cooling Workshop, Helsinki. 12th June 2015 Ms. Lily Riahi, DES Initiative, Energy, Climate, and Technology Branch, UNEP
  2. 2. Contents 2 Introduction to the Global District Energy in Cities Initiative1 Sharing Nordic expertise globally through the Initiative How the Initiative can support Nordic activities in district energy 2 3
  3. 3. District energy: key solution to the energy transition 3 Danish CHP and wind development 1985 2009 Image: Lauersen, 2014 In order to stay below 2oC we will need district energy to: improve energy efficiency reduce fossil fuel consumption achieve 100% renewables provide the systems approach needed
  4. 4. Market barriers are holding back district energys potential 4 Cities account for more than 70% of global energy use. Waste heat capture. Huge cooling demand growth. Refurbishment systems Integrating and balancing renewables Barriers Development costs and patient capital Lack of Capacity and Awareness Lack of Recognition of savings and benefits Comprehensive Policy Frameworks Huge potential
  5. 5. Launch of the Global District Energy in Cities Initiative 5
  6. 6. Scope of Activities 6 5 International Organizations 6 Industry Associations* 8 Private Sector Companies 2 Networks 26 Municipal Governments Leveraging the Partnership and Pool of Expertise to Provide Capacity Building & Knowledge Transfer Best practice sharing. Training workshops. Heat planning. Local coordination development Technical Assistance. City twinning. Pre feasibility and feasibility studies. International consultants. Metering equipment. Demonstrations activities Local planning policies. Local and national support programmes. Regulatory framework. Tariff structures Awareness raising Study tours Assistance in negotiations. at national level. Public consultations. Successful Market Transformation
  7. 7. Launch of Publication: An Address from Achim Steiner 7 In launching this report we want to draw the attention of the worlds decision makers, mayors and leaders at the community level to the importance of district energy systems. - Achim Steiner, UN Environment Programme Executive Director. Launch of the District Energy in Cities Report - Paris, 25 February 2015
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  9. 9. Best practice technologies 9 Katri Vala heat pump in Helsinki Captures 165, 000 Gwh of heat! Danish expertise and technology showcased by work of Danfoss in Anshan, China
  10. 10. Best practice city policies 10
  11. 11. Multiple business models for varying risk and control 11
  12. 12. Best practice national policies 12 In Sweden, a CO2 tax was critical to the countrys energy transition strategy and Gothenburg identified the CO2 tax as the most important national policy for district energy in the city UNEP, District Energy in Cities
  13. 13. Best practices: EU Policy on heat planning 13 EU legislation on energy efficiency requires that regional and local authorities plan and design an urban heating and cooling infrastructure that utilizes all available renewable energy sources and CHP in their region. UNEP, District Energy in Cities
  14. 14. Nordic best practice featured in multiple case studies 14 8 of 36 case studies in the publication are based on Nordic best practice.
  15. 15. Developing the Initiatives methodology for accelerating DES 15 Nordic cities represent 8 of 45 champion cities. Best practice from champion cities combined: Technology and benefits City policies Business models National policies Methodology and Key Steps
  16. 16. 10 Key Steps to developing District Energy 16
  17. 17. Decision tree for local and national governments 17
  18. 18. What will the Initiative do? 18 Methodology and Key Steps Cities and countries around the world requesting help from the Initiative: India China Serbia Kosovo Croatia Morocco Bosnia and Herzegovina Mongolia Philippines Colombia Indonesia Kenya Bahamas
  19. 19. Contents 19 Introduction to the Global District Energy in Cities Initiative1 Sharing Nordic expertise globally through the Initiative How the Initiative can support Nordic activities in district energy 2 3
  20. 20. Realising the Initiatives full potential 20 Business as Usual Funded Initiative Activities Potential Initiative Activities New cities without heat/cool planning. Abandoned refurbishment systems. European best practice not shifting abroad DHC mostly confined to Nordics and EE 3 pilot cities in India, China and Eastern Europe. State/Provincial replication Global training and decision tools for local governments City-twinning Multiple pilot cities builds to national momentum and replication New markets emerge for European best practice transfer DES becomes status- quo in new city design Energy transition - Initial funding of Initiative - In-kind support from select partners - More funds to Initiative - European universities, cities and private sector contribute expertise
  21. 21. 21 China Heat planning Huge potential impact of renewable energy heating guidelines under the new energy cities programme demonstration projects being developed Nordic expertise and best practice can be transferred currently includes more than 80 cities but aims at including 100 cities all over China. Will shape heat delivery in China for decades Initiative actions Test guidelines at the local level using international expertise and local tools developed by Initiative in a demonstration. Identify barriers and opportunities for integration of renewables. Showcase Nordic/EU- China cooperation in district energy National policy could benefit from Nordic/EU best practice in heat planning. National replication of best practices and lessons
  22. 22. 22 China Macro-economic benefits Nordic/EU DES approaches require strong analytics to justify replication Initiative actions Develop socio- economic cost- benefit analysis of Chinese heat policy. EU expertise huge. EU Heat Planning Legislation requiring cost-benefit analysis EU Expertise: Universities Private sector Cities National governments Must include: Impact of heat planning Renewables integration Alternative technologies Air pollution Mitigation and adaption
  23. 23. 23 Anshan Heat planning based on macro-economic benefits Heat planning for city: hydraulically separated transmission, pooling networks, waste heat connection, hot water connections and renewables. Pollution fines and coal savings between 60-90% leads to macro-economic benefits payback of