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Uganda presentation agronomy and ph mechan bennin 2011

Jan 19, 2015





  • 1. OVER VIEW OF UGANDAS RICE AGRONOMY, POST-HARVET AND VALUE ADDITION by Candia Alphonse, and David Nanfumba10/15/2012 1

2. Importance of agriculture to Ugandaneconomy Agriculture and forestry contributes 14.6%of GDP (UBOS & MOFPED, 2010) Employing about 80% of the population IFPRI in 2008 showed that, if agriculture inUganda grows by 6%, poverty would fallfrom current 31.1% to 17.9% by 2015 This would be well below 28% MDG target Unfortunately the growth rate is 2 3%10/15/2012 2 3. Strategy by MAAIF to Improve Agric GoU has developed National Development Planas Policy frame Work for development MAAIF consequently developed DSIP(Development Sector Investment Plan) Due to adequate internal and regional market,MAAIF has considered Rice as the second importantcereal crop for investment MAAIF has consequently developed Rice StrategicPlan with a secretariat at MAAIF Headquarters There is Steering Committee and Technical WorkingTeam10/15/20123 4. Changes in rice production levelsRice production 000 tons250 200200 190 158 165150100 Consumption per capita 3.8kg50Consumption percapita 8.5kg0 20072008 2009 201010/15/20124 5. 1600 Uganda rice productivity trend 1999 - 2009(FAOSTAT; 2011) 15501534.9 1513.9 1500 150015001500 Yield (Kg/Ha) 1450 1400 1397.11362.8 1361.3 13501335.91311.6 13001301.1 1250 12001999 2000 2001 20022003 20042005 20062007 2008 2009Year10/15/2012 5 6. Rice ecologiesRice production Share of total areaEcologyRain fed upland 43% (approx40,000ha)Lowland irrigated 57% (approxLowland - rain fed70,000ha)10/15/20126 7. Major rice production areasNorthern and Rain fed Mid-northern (upland) riceAE zonesSwamp,Lake Albert AEirrigated andzoneRain fed riceEastern andSouth easternSwamp and AE zonesirrigatedrice10/15/20127 8. Major constraints Farmers constraints Inadequate knowledge in rice farmingenterprise (agronomic, PH and marketing) Frequent and prolonged droughts affecting riceoutput and quality, and eventually proceedsfrom rice industry Lack of cost-effective equipment for variousrice farming operations from production topost-harvest10/15/2012 8 9. Rice diseases especially blast, yellowmottle virus, grain rot, sheath rot, etc, Rice pests especially birds, rodents,termites Poor quality & expensive seeds. Theseeds in the market have low germinationpercentage, of mixed variety, etc Inadequate capital for investment10/15/20129 10. Rice processors (millers and otherfood processors) Inadequate knowledge and skills in rice processing Low quality and poor performing rice mills and lackof other rice milling technologies Inadequate capital for investment Low quality and inadequate paddy Low quality and market value of milled rice10/15/201210 11. Recent achievements in tech dev Generated agronomicpractices for new lowlandvarieties that will bereleased next year (2012) Adapted light weight linemarker for planting upland rice varieties Developed Animal drawnplanter for upland rice varieties Adapted mouldboard ploughfor single axle tractors10/15/201211 12. Developed light weightmotorized rice thresher(though farmers are using itrequires some technicalimprovement) Adapted rice fissure andchalky grain analyser foruse in laboratory andrice millers10/15/2012 12 13. Generated extensive baseline informationespecially in PH sector which is now helping toguide investments in improving processingindustry. Now we know: PH processing techns, constraints and opportunities Physical quality and safety of local paddy Physical quality and safety of locally milled rice Physical and market value loss along PH value chain(except storage) for lowland rice ecology Consumer preference among Ugandan consumers10/15/201213 14. 10/15/2012 14 15. On-going research in PH Development of improved open-sun dryingmethod for local rice varieties Development of Destoner and integration intorice processing chain Development of implements for proven powertillers for Ugandan soil conditions. Several activities identified for technologydevelopment and information under CIDA proj. Developing appropriate weed managementpractices 16. Capacity of agronomy and post-harvest Agronomy Few human resource (2 scientists, 4technicians) Fully developed regional rice research andtraining centre at Namulonge (NaCRRI)10/15/2012 16 17. Post-harvest and valueaddition The current capacity standsas follows: Few trained human resource (2 engineers, 3 food scientists, 4 technicians) Partially equipped laboratory and engineering workshops Partially equipped PHRTDT unit10/15/2012 17 18. Linkages between research and extension Research has linkages with followingextension services: National Agricultural Advisory Services(NAADS) Several NGOs (esp SG-2000, ) Farmer organizations Local governments The parent ministry of agriculture10/15/201218 19. We THANK YOU!10/15/2012 19