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Tracking rates of diabetes amongst Status Aboriginal and general population youth in Alberta, Canada

Jun 14, 2015

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2012 (Feb 8-10) Integrated Chronic Disease Prevention: It Works! CDPAC Fourth Pan-Canadian Conference
, presentation by Richard Oster (BRAID Research)

  • 1. TRACKINGRATESOFDIABETESAMONGSTSTATUSABORIGINAL ANDGENERALPOPULATION YOUTHINALBERTA,CANADA RichardOsterPhDCandidateUniversityofAlbertaCDPAC,Ottawa February8th 2012

2. OUTLINE Background Methods Results Summary 3. BACKGROUND 4. IntroductionBackgroundMethodsResultsCANADASABORIGINALPEOPLESSummary FirstNationsandCanadaAlberta Inuit(status and nonstatus),aswell First 696 310 97 130 asMtis Nations 3.8%oftotal Inuit 50 3401 600 population Thecontemporary Mtis 388 465 85 240 Aboriginal populationisyoung, growingandTotal 1 135 115 183 970 urbanizingAdapted from Statistics Canada, 2006 5. IntroductionBackgroundMethodsResultsDIABETESINSTATUSABORIGINALSSummary Rapidemergenceoftype2diabetes Prevalence25timeshigher Femaleshavehigherprevalence,butgap maybeclosing 6. IntroductionBackgroundPrevalenceandincidenceofdiabetesamongMethods peopleaged20yearsormoreinAlbertaResultsSummaryOster et al, 2011 7. IntroductionBackgroundMethodsResultsDIABETESINSTATUSABORIGINALSSummary Perhapsmorealarmingarereportsof increasingobesityandemergingtype2 diabetesinAboriginalyouth Thosewithearlyonsettype2diabetes experiencealongerdurationofdiseaseand thushaveanincreasedriskofdeveloping complications 8. IntroductionBackgroundAgespecificdiabetesincidentcasecountsandMethodsincidencebyperiodinSaskatchewanResultsSummaryDyck et al, 2010 9. IntroductionBackgroundMethodsResultsType2diabetesincidencefromatertiarycareSummarypediatricDiabetesEducationCentrein Manitoba Dean et al, 2003 10. IntroductionBackgroundMethodsResultsSummary Clinical,metabolic,behavioral,andsociodemographic riskfactorsforchroniccomplicationsamongNavajo youthwithtype2diabetes VariableClinical type 2 diabetes N66 % with A1c > 9.5 43.3% % with waist circumference > 90th82.5% percentile % with hypertension35.5% % with hypertriglyceridemia74.1% % with low HDL 41.1% % with microalbuminuria31.5%Adapted from Dabelea et al, 2009 11. IntroductionBackgroundMethodsResults INALBERTA?Summary Theepidemiologyofdiabetes inAboriginalyouthhasnot beenexploredinAlberta TheAlbertaDiabetes SurveillanceSystem(ADSS) includesadministrativedataon youth OBJECTIVE: To track and compare trends in diabetes rates from 1995 to 2007 for Status Aboriginal and general population youth 12. METHODS 13. IntroductionBackgroundMethodsResultsDATASOURCESummary Datafrom19952007foryouth(

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