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Tourism and nepalese economy

May 09, 2015



  • 1.Presented by: Jagadish prasad bist MBA 2nd

2. Outline Introduction History of Nepalese tourism Major attractions Tourists related data Nepalese Economy, Brief Review Tourism Related Businesses Nepalese Economy And Tourism Major Events That.. Conclusion2 3. Tourism Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure,or business purposes. According to WTO: Travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes.3 4. Brief Review of Tourism in Nepal Historical Review of Tourism in Ancient Nepal. Tourism after Unification of Nepal. Tourism after 1950.4 5. Historical Review of Tourism in Ancient Nepal, A Glance Manjushree had made the valley fit for human habitation bycutting the Chovar Hill of Kathmandu Valley with his sword and thereby letting the water flow out from within the valley. Although Manjushree is said to have come either from India orChina, yet he is regarded as the first tourist ever visiting Nepal. The Great King of ancient India, Ashok too had visited Lumbini,the birth place of Lord Buddha, and built the Ashok Pillar there. The marriage relations between Princess Bhrikuti, daughter ofKing Amshuvarma, and Srong-sten Gampo, the king of the northern state Lhasa.5 6. Tourism After Unification Of Nepal King Prithvinarayan Shah unified the scattered principalitiesinto bigger Nepal in 1767 A.D After the treaty of Sugauli in 1816 A.D there were regular visits ofBritish nationalities in Kathmandu King George V and the Prince of Wales came to Nepal forhunting tigers in the terai forests in 1911 and 1921 respectively Despite these developments, the Rana autocracy isolated Nepalfrom external influence for a hundred and four years. During that period, Nepal was a forbidden land for foreignersexcept for the small traders and Indian pilgrims.6 7. Tourism After 1950 With the dawn of democracy in 1950, Nepal open its door to visitors. Tourism Development Board established in 1957. In 1959, Nepal joined the membership of international union of officialtravel organization(IUOTO),present name, World Tourism Organization (WTO) During the decade, of the world famous 14 over-8000m peaks 7 of the 8over-8000m peaks in Nepal were for the first time successfully scaled. The worlds highest peak Mount Sagarmatha (Everest) was successfullyascended by Tenzing Norgay Sherpa of Nepal and Sir Edmund Hillary of New Zealand on May 29, 1953 There after various strategies to promote tourism are formulated 7 8. Major Attractions Trekking Mountaineering Pilgrimage River Rafting/ Cannoning Jungle Safari Village Tours Sight- Seeing Bungee Jumping8 9. For Adventures loversTREKKING RAFTINGPARAGLIDINGMICROLIGHT AIRCRAFTBUNJEE JUMPINGMOUNTAIN CLIMBING 10. Cultural World Heritage SiteCHANGUNARAYANBHAKTAPUR DURBAR SQUAREKATHMANDU DURBAR SQUAREPATAN DURBAR SQUARE 11. Cultural World Heritage SitePASHUPATINATH BOUDDHANATHLUMBINISWAYAMBHUNATH 12. No Of Tourist Arrival In Nepal 900,000 800,000 700,000 600,000 500,000 Total no400,000 300,000Tourists arrival by air200,000 100,000 02002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 12 13. Average Stay Avege stay (days)13.51 11.96 9.611.7812.6711.3213.12 12.1610.2 9.097.922002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 13 14. Annual Growth Rate 37.1 22.718.213.922.1 9.082.2 200220032004-2.5200520061.9 2007-5 2008 2009201020112012-23.7 14 15. Purpose Of Visit 450000 400000 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 020112012 16. Majority of visitors come from (in 2012) Country%Rank 1India20.60Rank 2China8.9Rank 3Sri Lanka8.7Rank 4U.S.A.6.1Rank 5U.K.5.1Other50.6 16 17. Nepalese Economy, Brief Review Poorest and least developed between two giant growing economies. Agriculture is the primary economic activity. GDP composition: Agriculture: 38.1% Industry: 15.3% Services: 46.6% Remittance based economy ( 25% ) 23.8 % of the population are below poverty line.17 18. Tourism Related Businesses Accommodation: bed & breakfasts, tents resorts, lodges, cabins,home stay, hotels, motels, campgrounds. Transportation: bus or coach driver, rental cars, air transport operator. Attractions: museums, cultural centers, mountains, rivers Tour operators: bush tucker tours, 4wd tag-along tours, guided towntours, adventure tour, local sightseeing tours. Tourism hire and retail: souvenir sales, art and artifact sales (pokharalakeside) Bookings: tour desk, travel agent, online tour and accommodationsales. Restaurant & other facilities: restaurant of every genre 18 19. Tourism Related Enterprises 9000 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 020118,1632012 7,3032,835 1,9362,116 1,3785032,9351,524522Hotel (Kath. Valley)Travel AgenciesTrekking AgenciesTourist GuideTrekking Guide19 20. Nepalese Economy And Tourism Based on the theory that one tourist employs nine people, we cannotdeny the fact that 553,500 jobs has been created in 2012, In 2012, Nepal earned Rs 36.6 billion from tourism, equivalent to 24percent of the value of the countrys total exports The industry provides employment to more than 750,000 people in acountry where the unemployment rate is more than 45%. Income is forecast to grow by 2.1 percent in 2013 and 4.1 percent perannum from 2013 to Rs 55.6 billion in 2023 According to the WTTC, Nepal is expected to attract 946,000international tourists in 2013.20 21. Gross Foreign Exchange Earning ( Rs In Billion) 292515 121082931231513 111221 22. Foreign Exchange Earning From Tourism As % of GDP 2.4 1.92.3 1.82.4 1.81.521.422 23. Total Revenue From National Parks And Protected Are ( Rs. In Million) 259 210 147140118 9578 56652060/61 2061/62 2062/63 2063/64 2064/65 2065/66 2066/67 2067/68 2068/69 23 24. Some Of The Major Events That Effected Nepalese Tourism Sector Civil war that cost almost 13,000 lives in a span of 10 years (1996-2006) Hijacking of Indian Airlines flight IC 814 in 1999 Royal massacre in 2001 King Gyanendras coup in 2005 Comprehensive Peace Accord in 2006 that ended the civil war Nepal Tourism Year 2011 Lumbini Visit Year 201224 25. Global Influence In Nepalese Tourism Climate change The global economy Aviation capacity International competition Fluctuations in the exchange rate 25 26. Challenges Of Nepalese Tourism Political instability Lack of infrastructures Security of tourists Lack of skilled manpower Lack of effective Marketing Lack of investment. Threat of socio-cultural degradation and disappearance of theconventional good culture26 27. Tourists Related Crimes 667778640201020112012 27 28. Conclusion Nepal has a great potential in tourism industry. Nepalese tourism is playing a significant role in Nepalese economy. Proper marketing and promotion are required to increase the no of tourists. Political instability is the main obstacle of tourism in Nepal The rural tourism need to be encouraged. Investment in tourism sector is most important.28 29. References Tourism statistics 2012 Economic survey 2013 by ministry of finance Wikipedia Google .com29 30. THANK YOU30

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