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The Science Fair P eBook sample.pdf The Science Fair Project The purpose of the science fair project is to give the students hands-on experience with the scientific method. We know

Jun 21, 2020

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    The Science Fair Project A Step by Step Guide

    First Edition 2013

    Copyright @ Elemental Science, Inc. Email: [email protected]

    eBook Edition

    Cover Design by Bradley & Paige Hudson

    No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by means of any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the authors. The only exception is brief quotations in printed reviews.

    For more copies write to: Elemental Science 175 W Monroe St #131 Wytheville VA 24382 [email protected]

    Special Thanks

    We would like to share a special note of thanks to our daughter, Tabitha, who puts up with being the guinea pig for all our projects. We love you sweetheart and are so thankful that we

    were given the chance to be your parents.

    We would also like to extend our gratitude to Audra and Zach, who have graciously allowed us to use the photos of their science fair project boards in this book. You all were the original

    inspiration for this project and we appreciate you allowing us to help you all these years.

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    The Science Fair Project Table of Contents

    Chapter 1: The Science Fair Project.......................................................................................................5

    ) What is the scientific method?..............................................................5 ) What should the science fair project look like?.......................................5 ) When should a student do a science fair project?....................................6 ) Conclusion..........................................................................................6

    Chater 2: Step 1 Choose a Topic..............................................................................................................7

    ) Decide on an Area of Science................................................................7 ) Develop Several Questions About the Area of Science............................7 ) Choose a Question to be the Topic.........................................................8 ) Conclusion..........................................................................................8

    Chapter 3: Step 2 Do Some Research................................................................................................9

    ) Brainstorm for Research Categories........................................................9 ) Research the Categories........................................................................10 ) Organize the Information...................................................................11 ) Write a Brief Report...........................................................................12 ) Conclusion.......................................................................................13

    Chapter 4: Step 3 Formulate a Hypothesis................................................................................14

    ) Review the Research...........................................................................14 ) Formulate an Answer..........................................................................14 ) Conclusion......................................................................................15

    Chapter 5: Step 4 Design an Experiment......................................................................................16

    ) Choose a Test.......................................................................................16 ) Determine the Variables........................................................................17 ) Plan the Experiment............................................................................17 ) Review the Hypothesis.........................................................................18 ) Conclusion............................................................................................18

    Chapter 6: Step 5 Perform the Experiment....................................................................................19

    ) Get Ready for the Experiment..............................................................19 ) Run the Experiment............................................................................19 ) Record any Observations and Results..................................................20 ) Conclusion............................................................................................21

    Chapter 7: Step 6 Analyze the Data................................................................................................22

    ) Review and Organize the Data............................................................22 ) State the Answer...................................................................................23 ) A Quick Word about Theory vs. Fact........................................................23 ) Draw Several Conclusions.....................................................................23 ) Conclusion............................................................................................24

    Chapter 8: Step 7 Create a Board..................................................................................................25

    ) Plan Out the Board..............................................................................25 ) What kind of board should you use?.....................................................26 ) Prepare the Information.......................................................................26 ) Put the Board Together.........................................................................28 ) Conclusion............................................................................................28

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    Chapter 9: Step 8 Give a Presentation.......................................................................................30

    ) Prepare the Presentation.........................................................................30 ) Practice the Presentation........................................................................31 ) Share the Presentation...........................................................................31 ) Conclusion.........................................................................................31

    Chapter 10: The Science Fair Project for the High School Student..........................32

    ) Increased Independence...........................................................................32 ) In-depth Scientific Research.....................................................................32 ) Increased Complexity of the Experiment Design.....................................33 ) What do these changes look like?...........................................................33 ) Conclusion.............................................................................................34

    The Science Fair Project Student Sheets.....................................................................................35

    ) Step 1: Choose a Topic............................................................................37 ) Step 2: Do Some Research......................................................................39 ) Step 3: Formulate a Hypothesis..............................................................45 ) Step 4: Design an Experiment..............................................................46 ) Step 5: Perform the Experiment.............................................................49 ) Step 6: Analyze the Data........................................................................53 ) Step 7: Create A Board..........................................................................56 ) Step 8: Give a Presentation...................................................................60

    The Programs of Elemental Science..................................................................................................62

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    1. The Science Fair Project

    The purpose of the science fair project is to give the students hands-on experience with the scientific method. We know from our research that to truly understand science, one must be familiar with this fundamental process. All students need to have the scientific method demonstrated repeatedly for them and they need to have utilized the process over and over again in experiments until it has become a natural habit. This is because it takes years for the students to fully etch this concept into their mind. The science fair project is an important tool that the teacher can use with his or her students to increase their understanding and familiarity with the scientific method.

    What is the scientific method?

    In a nutshell, the scientific method teaches the brain to logically examine and process all the information it receives. This method requires that one observes and tests before making a statement of fact. It is the main process that scientists use when asking and answering questions. The main steps of the scientific method are…

    1. Ask a Question 2. Research the Topic 3. Formulate a Hypothesis 4. Test with Experimentation 5. Record and Analyze Observations and Results 6. Draw a Conclusion

    Using the scientific method will teach the student to look at all the evidence before making a statement of fact. It sounds like a lofty idea, but in reality it is an integral part of science education. If we want our students to be prepared for higher education science, they must be comfortable with this most fundamental process.

    Though this all sounds intimidating, it’s real