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The Personal Project Form and Content Refer to these formatting guides for MLA format: • Diana Hacker • The OWL at Purdue • • What your Personal Project essay must have …

The Personal Project Form and Content Refer to these formatting guides for MLA format: Diana Hacker The OWL at Purdue

Dec 28, 2015



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  • The Personal ProjectForm and ContentRefer to these formatting guides for MLA format:Diana HackerThe OWL at

    What your Personal Project essay must have

  • Assessment Criterion C:

    The personal project contains excellent, relevant information and resources from a wide variety of appropriate sources. The bibliography is complete and well presented, with clear references to sources in the body of the text and appendices, where appropriate.4

  • What you turn in:

    REPORT:Title page Table of Contents ReportDefine the goalSelection of sourcesApplication of InformationAchieving my goalReflecting on my learningBibliography/Works citedAnnotationsAppendices, if appropriate

    PROGRESS JOURNALPRODUCT (if not in appendices)

  • Title Page (MLA)MLA formatting does not ask for a separate Title Page but IB requires one, so do it this way.Yours will say Personal Project, not Extended EssayYour word count will be 3500 or less

  • Contents Page (MLA)Your Contents Page comes after the Title Page and lists all the pages :- Title pageEssay (naming sections if appropriate)max. 3500 words- Works Cited- Appendices, if any

  • Works Cited (MLA)List only those sources you quote from or summarize or refer to in the essay.Another example from a web site: MLA Works Cited

  • How do you createeach citation in your bibliography?Here are some examples, but dont forget to turn to the helpful sites given on the first slide for more details.

  • Citing a BookAuthor. Book Title. Place: Publisher, year. The medium (print) .


    Carr, John le. The Tailor of Panama. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996. Print.

  • Citing a Pamphlet(Just like a book!)Author. Book Title. Place: Publisher, year. The medium (print) .


    Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Dept. of Jury Commissioner. A Few Facts about Jury Duty. Boston: Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 2004. Print

  • Citing an InterviewPersons name. Type of interview. Date(s).


    Akufo, Dautey. Personal interview. 11 Aug. 2005.Baldacci, David. E-mail interview. 9-12 Sept. 2009. (An interview: record, for example, the name, address and function of the person)

  • Citing a Journal Article

    Author. Title of Article. Journal Title volume #.issue # (year): pages. Medium (print).


    Aldrich, Frederick A. Wyman Reed Green, American Biologist. Bios 23.1 (1952): 26-35. Print.

  • Citing an Online Source[Everything you cite for a book or magazine plus] Database name. Medium (web). Date of access.

    Example:Berger, James D. and Helmut J. Schmidt. Regulation of Macronuclear DNA Content in Paramecium Tetraurelia. The Journal of Cell Biology 76.1 (1978): 116-126. JSTOR. Web. 20 Nov. 2008.

  • Citing part of a Web SiteAuthor. Title of the section. Title of the site. Sponsor of the site, Date of publication or last update. Medium. Date of access.

    Example: Media Giants." Frontline: The Merchants of Cool. PBS Online, 2001. Web. 7 Feb. 2005.

  • Parenthetical (in text) citations (MLA)In the text of your essay, when you refer to sources listed on your Works Cited page, follow these same guidelines :

    Diana Hacker guideOWL at Purdue

  • Purdue University Writing LabWhen Should You Use Parenthetical Citations?When quoting any words that are not your ownQuoting means to repeat another source word for word, using quotation marks ( quoted words )When summarizing facts and ideas from a sourceSummarizing means to take ideas from a large passage of another source and condense them, using your own wordsWhen paraphrasing a sourceParaphrasing means to use the ideas from another source but change the phrasing into your own words

  • Purdue University Writing LabKeys to Parenthetical CitationsReadabilityKeep references brief Give only information needed to identify the source on your Works Cited pageDo not repeat unnecessary information

  • Parenthetical Citations:how to handle quotes

    Romantic poetry is characterized by the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings (Wordsworth 263).

    Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings (263).

  • Long quotations(more than 4 lines)

    David becomes identified and defined by James Steerforth, a young man with whom David is acquainted from his days at Salem House. Before meeting Steerforth, David accepts Steerforths name as an authoritative power:There was an old door in this playground, on which the boys had a custom of carving their names. . . . In my dread of the end of the vacation and their coming back, I could not read a boys name, without inquiring in what tone and with what emphasis he would read, Take care of him. He bites. There was one boya certain J. Steerforthwho cut his name very deep and very often, who I conceived, would read it in a rather strong voice, and afterwards pull my hair. (Dickens 68)For Steerforth, naming becomes an act of possession, as well as exploitation. Steerforth names David for his fresh look and innocence, but also uses the name Daisy to exploit David's romantic tendencies (Dyson 122).

  • Parenthetical CitationsMore than one author with the same last name(W. Wordsworth 23) or (D. Wordsworth 224)More than one work by the same author(Joyce, Portrait 121)or (Joyce, Ulysses 556)Different volumes of a multivolume work(1: 336)Citing indirect sources (Johnson qtd. in Boswell 2:450)Two authors say the same thing(Shelton 11; Bell 98)

  • Parenthetical CitationsIf the source has no author, then use an abbreviated version of the title:Full Title: California Cigarette Tax Deters SmokersCitation: (California A14)If the source is only one page in length or has no pagination:Source: Dave Polands Hot Button web columnCitation: (Poland) [no page numbers]

  • Parenthetical (in text) citations (MLA)Some quick examplesAuthor mentioned in sentenceas Shelton stated (102).Name not given in sentenceit is strongly argued (Shelton 102)Two authors say the same thinggenerally agreed (Shelton 11; Bell 98)No authors name is in the citationthis evidence is abundant (Traffic 4).

  • How Parenthetical Citations should look in a paragraphAll the drinks in your home contain water, and water seems such an everyday substance but actually water is one of the most unusual chemicals known to scientists (Tocci 11). Even the variety of ways it flows is challenging to explain (Gardner 76); and, at the end of the cooling process, the particles expand instead of contracting, as demonstrated in Toccis experiment (Tocci 13). The experiment I have designed will focus on the rate of flow of water particles.

  • Illustrations in your textAny illustration inserted in your text should be labeled Figure (abbreviated to Fig.), and numbered. Use the same margins as your text.Example:

    Fig. 1. Menticore, woodcut from Edward Topsell, The History of Four-Footed Beasts; rpt. In Konrad Gesner, Curious Woodcuts of Fanciful and Real Beasts (New York: Dover, 1971) 8.

  • Although conforming to these formats may seem tedious, it gives your essay polish and makes it easier to assess.AND it will get a better grade!Well done!

    *Key Concepts: The next two slides explain the occasions in which MLA citations will be necessary, as well as explains the differences between quoting, summarizing, and paraphrasing. Students will be most familiar with the need to site for quotations, but the facilitator should stress that if the idea comes from someone else, the source material should be cited.*Key Concepts: This slide emphasizes the need to keep parenthetical citations within a paper brief. The information provided in the body of the paper should be just enough so that a reader could easily cross-reference the citation with its matching entry on the Works Cited page. The following slides give examples of how to use parenthetical references.

    Click to reveal each item.