Top Banner

Click here to load reader

The origin of camel and camel breeds in Ethiopia

Jul 16, 2015

ReportDownload

Science

Slide 1

THE ORGIN OF THE CAMEL AND CAMEL BREEDS IN ETHIOPIA

Melaku Tefera SIZE OF LIVESTOCK IN PASTORAL AREAS OF ETHIOPIA*Pastoral region (Location in Ethiopia)SheepGoatCattledonkeysCamelHorses and mules1Afar (North Eastern )20003000360020090002Somali (Easter )660033005200360110003Oromo/Borena (South Eastern)10005001400605300Oromo/Kereyou(South Eastern)200300300201004Benshangul and Gambella( western)10010010020005Southern nations and nationalities(Southern)34050045040006Kunama (Northwestern)1001502001000* Central Statistical Agency, 2009

ENERGY EXTRACTION PATHWAYS

OBJECTIVEThe objective of this study are to track and predict historical changes in camel production To explore the spatial , ecological, Biological and Social factors determine Eco-Bio-and Social determinants in camel Breeding .

EVOLUTION

6The primary role of oceans in all this is in providing barriers to dispersalContinental drift and the unique time-sequence of lineage origination, then, are what explain the existence of what we call the zoogeographical realms.

About 250mya all the ocean were onePangaea and Continental drift

Evolution of Climate and Camel

Camelus bactrianusCamelus dromedariusCamelus gigas (fossil)Camelus hesternus (fossil)Camelus sivalensis (fossil)[Camelus moreli (fossilKingdom:AnimaliaPhylum:ChordataClass:MammaliaOrder:ArtiodactylaFamily:CamelidaeTribe:CameliniGenus:CamelusINTRODUCTION

There are 2,000,000 camel in EthiopiaIntroduced around 500 ADThree Breeds

The Legend

Figure 1.1. Painting of Queen of Sheba and King SolomonCave painting of camel at Lega- Oda, Diredawa 1st century AD (Cervicek, 1971)

DISTRIBUTION

LowlandsNew range Predominantly Muslim societyNo horses or mulesT. evansi

HABITAT

BREEDSTable 1.1 Livestock population and breeds in Ethiopia and AfricaSpeciesPopulation x 103*Ethiopia Africa As % of AfricaNumber of breeds**Ethiopia Africa As % of AfricaCattle30,000192,00015172009Goat17,000170,00010146122Sheep23,000202,00011111358Camel1,00014,000753614Donkey4,00011,0003621513Horse1,5003,000502345MORPHOMETRYMorphometric variables Mean (cm)Afar*Somali**malefemalemalefemaleNeck length114.95118Neck width29.6526Hump height21.826.9Hump circumference102.3110.5Tail length54.653.5Ear length10.510.4Chest width36.432.8Forelimb length136.8133.4Hind limb length175.5171.1Shoulder height189.65182.41.96Thoracic girth194.5189.32.04Abdominal girth216212.22.52

INDOGENOUS KNOWLEGE

Size golden in color (E). And the Kunama camels are whitish in color big and taller (F).The kunama camel are distinct whitish unrelated to the Afar and Somali camels. Probably due to its origin from North Africa via Egypt. Kunama camel are sometimes called as Barka Breed.The camel breeders select animals for milk ,one criteria is prominent mammary vein as shown in G . Camel bulls are selected day old having good conformation at birth and pedigree are the main criteria (H)CONCULUSIONCamel production is a monocultureThere exists heterogeneous population a possibility for breed improvementOnly males are selected not cows? Unlike dairyCamel husbandry will change due to moterization and sendenterizationUndertake molecular study

THANK YOU

Welcome message from author
This document is posted to help you gain knowledge. Please leave a comment to let me know what you think about it! Share it to your friends and learn new things together.