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Jan 26, 2017
Unit 4The music in the Classicism
MelodyThemelodybecamethemostimportantelement.He spentcomposingfromthe Bassocontinuotocomposefromthemelody.Featuresofthemelody:
Formalelementsofmusic elementsare:(comparingitwithpoetry)Sake -importantword.Semifrase -multiplewords.Phrase -verse.Period -stanza.Section -poem.
M M M M Semi SemiPHRASE PHRASE PHRASE PHRASE PERIOD PERIODSECTION
Instrumental Music of Classicism.
Features:The music was used as ornament and sign of prestige between the monarchs and the nobility.Development of instruments and Orchestra.This music is dominated by the musical form Sonata.
The Sonata scheme
Instrumental was born during the Baroque period, but it was in classicism where it became the main composition model. This composition template was applied to the first movements of the most instrumental forms.
Exhibition: It presents two themes, linked by a bridgeTheme A: main tonality, energetic character.Bridge: Modulating passage.Theme B: key of the dominant, lyrical character.Development: The music moves by neighboring tonalities and combines the two previous themes.Recapitulation: Returns to the exhibition. The two themes appear in the main key. It can end with a CODA.
Instrumental forms of classicism.
Sonata for instrument soloist: usually on keyboard
Composers: Scarlatti, Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven.
Symphony: It is the main composition for Orchestra. It has 4 movements or parties:Allegro, Lento, Minuet and Allegro (Rondo).Concert: Alternation between soloist and Orchestra. It has several fast and slow movements.
Features:Performed by few instruments (between two and ten).It was the music of the halls of the Court and of the bourgeoisie.The most characteristic formation is the String Quartet:Two violins, viola and cello.
Other formations:Duos, trios, quartets, quintets, sextets... up to 10 instruments.
The Orchestra of classicism. The Mannheim Orchestra.
Features of the Orchestra of Mannheim:The main section is the string instrumentsIndependent writing for wind instruments by way of small solos, especially the wind wood.Appears the clarinet.AcquiredgreatfameundertheleadershipofJohannStamitz.It increases the number of musicians.Placement of the Orchestra of classicism in the scenario:
Classical vocal music
Religious music. Features:
1. You lose the prominence of former times.2. The composers worked not only for the Church.3. The works of this period are specific orders given by composers.Some of them:The creation of Haydn.Mozart's Requiem.Solemn mass Beethoven.
La msica Vocal Profana. La pera.Features:
The opera remained the genre music star.With her composers had fame and money.The opera of this period is: simple, rational and consistent with the nature.It becomes a vehicle for the brilliance of singers.Continuous separation between arias and recitatives.There are two types of operas:Serious opera. DramaThe opera buffa: Comedy.
Opera Buffa. Features.It proposes everyday issuesThe language was of the countrySimple music with popular themesThere are fewer characters.The recitatives were replaced, sometimes with spoken parts
La danza en el Clasicismo
El Ballet dactionIn themid-18th-centuryballetwill undergoagreattransformationthanks tothedancerandFrenchchoreographerJeanGeorgesNoverre.Thisballettothanks tothedance,MIMEandmusictellastory. Leavingasidepoetryandsong.Other choreographers such asGsperoAngiolinialsocreatedballets foractionandpantomime.NoverreandAngiolinoworkedwiththe maincomposersofthetime,especiallywithGluck
Features:Usually it wastragic.Musicisattheserviceofthescene,iswrittenespeciallyfordanceTheCorpsdeballetisusedasabackdropforinterventionoftheprotagonists.Veryimportantisgiventothegesturesandexpressionsoftheface.You are looking fornaturalanddelicatemovementsTheclothingadaptstotheneedsofthedance.
Theminuet.Society danceAlldancesstudiedsofar,theonlyonethatsurvivedthepassageoftimeand fashionsinthe18thcenturywasthe minuet.
It isadanceofFrenchoriginwithaternaryrhythmandquietmovement. Itsupportsatripartiteformcomposedofaminuetandatrioandrepetitionofthefirstminuet.A-B- A