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The Great Yellow River Integrated River Basin · PDF fileSun Feng Yellow River Conservancy Commission (YRCC), Ministry of Water Resources People’s Republic of China Tailand, 2012

Jun 26, 2018

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  • Sun FengYellow River Conservancy Commission (YRCC),Ministry of Water ResourcesPeoples Republic of ChinaTailand, 2012 May.

    The Great Yellow River Integrated River Basin Management for International Conference on Transboundary River Basin Management

  • Presentation Outline

    Introduction

    Water and Environment Challenges

    Adaptive Measures for the Yellow River

    Achievements

  • Length: 5,464 km Catchment area: 790,000 km Runoff 58 billion m3 Inhabitants in ca.: ca. 115 Mio. Political structure: 9 provinces

    sediment load: average 1.6 billions tons/yr very high sediment accretion;

    35 900 g /L SS

    river is used forhydropowercooling water

    drinking waterirrigation

    waste water discharge

    The Yellow River Basin

  • River Length (km)

    1. Nile 66702. Amazon 64363. Yangtze 63004. Mississippi 60215. Yellow River 54646. Mekong 4880

    Sediment Transportation (million ton/year)

    1 Yellow River 16002 Indo-Ganges 1500 3 Amazon 1160 4 Yangtze 550 5 Brahmaputra 540 6 Mississippi 400

  • 1.6 billion ton/year27 times equator

  • Presentation Outline

    Introduction

    Water and Environment Challenges

    Adaptive Measures for the Yellow River

    Achievements

  • 2%

    98%

    15%

    85%

    12%

    88%

    Water in YR

    Irrigation

    population

    YR Water use in China 9%

    91%

    M&

    I

    ChallengesChallenges----Water scarcityWater scarcity

  • Climate Change Economic development Population growth Urbanization

    Water Scarcity

    704km

    226

    0

    50

    100

    150

    200

    250

    1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998

    River Runs Dry since 1980s

  • Challenges--Soil Erosion & High Sediment Load

  • Challenges--Flood Threat

    EmbankmentsYellow River

    13 m

    Suspended River

    Tianjin

    Jinan

    Nanjing

    Zhengzhou

    History-Chinas Sorrow

    250thousand km2

  • 21

    42

    0

    5

    10

    15

    20

    25

    30

    35

    40

    45

    80 900

    10

    20

    30

    40

    50

    60

    70

    80%

    1985 2001

    31

    61

    Challenges--Water Pollution

    Waste Inflow (0.1 billion ton) Poor Water quality

    1980s 1990s 1980s 1990s

  • Presentation Outline

    Introduction

    Water and Environment Challenges

    Adaptive Measures for the Yellow River

    Achievements

  • Physical Scaled Y-River

    Digital Yellow River

    No dike breach

    Real Yellow River

    1 2 9 Management Measures and Approaches 9

    Keeping Health life of the Yellow River

    No Cease of Flow

    No excessive pollution

    No river bed rising

    Adaptive Measures-- 1493 Scheme

  • Adopting a Holistic Approach

    consisting of institutional, legal, collaborative

    arrangement, investments in infrastructure and

    engineering, supporting and scientific technologies,

    and economic interventions.

  • Qikou

    Guxian

    SanmenxiaXiaolangdi

    Luhun

    Guxian

    Detention Basin

    Detention basin

    HuayuankouHuayuankou22000m3/s

    Embankments

    Flood Management1400 km EmbankmentsMulti-purpose projects/ detention basinnon-structural measures(Numerical Modeling)

    Qikou

    Guxian

    Sanmenxia

    Xiaolangdi

    Luhun

    Guxian

    Detention Basin

    Detention basin

    Embankments

  • Soil Erosion Control & Ecosystem Restoration

    Project area 180,000 km2Key dams 1370Forestation, Agro-measuresErosion Monitoring

    WuqiCounty

  • Sediment ManagementArtificial flood since 2002 Flushing River Sediments Reservoirs Maintenance/protection from Siltation Flood Plain and Wetlands Restoration Improve River Morphology and Reduce Flood Risk

    Density flow

  • 10 years for: River flow Ecological restorationSediments transportationWater qualityEquality of water use

    Integrated Water Allocation & Environmental Flow in Basin Scale

    Longyangxia

    Liujiaxia

    Sanshenggong

    Sanmenxia

    Qingtongxia

    Xiaolangdi

    Wanjiazhai

    Daliushu

    Guxian

  • Legal MeasuresYellow River Water Allocation RegulationYellow River Water Allocation Management RulesRegulation of Yellow River Water Allocation Yellow River Basin Drought Alleviation Scheme

    Public Consultation & Stakeholder Involvement

    Technical Measures Water Allocation Scheme Remote Control and Real Time Control Monitoring & Warning Modeling systems for prediction

    Economic Measures Water Pricing & Water Market Water Right Transfer

    Integrated Water Allocation& Environmental Flow

  • Water Resources Protection

    Law on Prevention and Control of Water Pollution issued and enforced Remotely monitoring effluent outlets Monitoring sites for provincial-boundary water quality Mobile Labs

  • Presentation Outline

    Introduction

    Water and Environment Challenges

    Adaptive measures for the Yellow River

    Achievements

  • Achievements

    Flood SecurityImprove River Morphology and Reduce Flood RiskSecure the people living in the floodplain along the banksSecure safety from floods

  • Achievements

    Ecosystem protection in the headstream

  • 300 million tons sediment reduced by watershed rehabilitation in the middle Loess Plateau

    Achievements (Con.)

    Loess PLateau

  • Yellow River Delta

    Biodiversity increased Rare fishes reappeared, saury, bronze grudge etc.New habitats for birdsfrom 187 species in1992 to 300 species in 2010More Rare wild animals , 459 kinds found in the reserve, nearly doubledWetlands vegetation increased

    Gull

    kingfisher

    Eastern Egret

  • Migration

    routes in

    Eurasia

    Yellow River Delta

  • Equality of water use

    Water savingWater use efficiency

    In 1997, water used was 560 m3 for 10thousand RMB GDP,

    in 2003, 309 m3, up 45%

    Water used fall down

    Inner Mongolia, 6.491billion m3, down to 5.952 billion m3

    Shan Dong, 8.745 billion m3, down to 6.625 billion m3

    Economic boostBasin GDP Increase average 30.9 billion RMB/year

    Social-Economic Sustainability

    Achievements (Con.)

  • YRCC Won 2010 Lee Kuan Yew Water Prize

    UNESCOYellow River Case published in WWDR3&4

    Asian-Pacific Knowledge Hub Center of Hydroinformatics for Integrated River Basin Management (CHIRB)

    Acknowledged by the International Community

  • www.riverforum.cn

  • Zhengzhou Convention Center

  • Keeping Healthy Life of the Rivers

    Thanks for Attention