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The Danube River Basin, a cultural and historical centre of Europe

Feb 04, 2016

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1. Reduction of pollution from agricultural point and diffuse sources through policy changes and demonstration through pilot projects Ivan Zavadsky Project Manager UNDP GEF Danube Regional Project. The Danube River Basin, a cultural and historical centre of Europe. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Reduction of pollution from agricultural point and diffuse sources through policy changes and demonstration through pilot projects

    Ivan ZavadskyProject ManagerUNDP GEF Danube Regional Project *

  • The Danube River Basin, a cultural and historical centre of Europe

  • Structure of the presentation The Danube River Protection Convention EU WFD implementation

    UNDP GEF Danube Regional Project: Implementing Components on Agriculture

  • The Danube River Protection ConventionA legal frame for co-operation to assure the protection of water and ecological resources and their sustainable use in the Danube River Basin*

  • Danube River Protection Convention OBJECTIVESEnsure sustainable and equitable water managementEnsure conservation, improvement and the rational use of surface waters and ground waterControl discharge of waste waters, inputs of nutrients and hazardous substances from point and diffuse sources of emissionsControl floods and ice hazardsControl hazards originating from accidents (warning and preventive measures)Reduce pollution loads of the Black Sea from sources in the Danube catchment area.

  • *ICPDR Policies & Actions The Joint Action Programme

  • Policies and Strategies of the JAPEmission inventory and pollution reductionRestoration of wetlands and flood plainsTransnational Monitoring Network (TNMN) and extended water quality standardsAccident warning system and preventionSustainable flood control and preventionDomestic and basin wide water balance.River Basin Management and implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive

  • Investments and expected results(Joint Action Programme / Five Years Nutrient Reduction Plan)Investments:Municipal waste water collection & treatment:3.709 billion USDIndustrial waste water treatment:0.276 billion USDAgricultural projects and land use:0.113 billion USDRehabilitation of wetlands:0.323 billion USDNitrogen reduction:from point sources : 58,600 t/yfrom diffuse sources : 60,000 t/ytotal emission reduction :22 %Phosphorus reduction:from point sources : 12,000 t/yfrom diffuse sources : 4,000 t/ytotal emission reduction :33 %

  • *The Implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive in the Danube River Basin

  • Development of the Danube RBM Plan - preparation phaseICPDR

    Strategy for development of RBM PlanDelimitation of the DRB District (including the coastal waters of the Black Sea) Development of issue papers and preparatory studies on special DRB topicseconomic analysis

    transboundary issues

    public participation

    Danube GIS & mapping criteria

    typology & reference conditions of water bodies

    artificial and heavily modified water bodies

    significant pressures and impacts

    effects from human activities on ground water

    register of protected areas (species and habitats)European Commission

    Common Implementation StrategyGuidance documents

  • Agricultural Pollution Control Strategy in Line with the WFD RequirementsUpdated basin-wide Emission Inventories 2002 Article 5 of the WFD: information on the type and scale of significant anthropogenic pressures, including point and diffuse sources of pollution. Requirements to consider land use patterns (e.g. urban, industrial, agricultural, forest).

  • Project Harmonised Inventory of Point and Diffuse Emissions of N and P in the DRBMONERISUndertaken by the Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB), Berlin.The project aim: to determine and calculate the annual nutrient emissions into the Danube river (1998 to 2000) by applying MONERIS model to the 388 sub-basins of DRB.7 pathways are considered: point sources (discharges from municipal waste water treatment plants and direct industrial discharges); atmospheric deposition; erosion; surface runoff; groundwater; tile drainage and paved urban areas. Estimations of Agricultural Diffuse Pollution: 4 main nutrient emission pathways influenced significantly by agriculture groundwater, tile drainage, soil erosion and surface run-off.

  • Effect of pollution on the Black Sea

  • Significant process degrading the Black Sea

    Over-fertilization of the sea by compounds of N and P, largely as a result of agricultural (late 1960s, "green revolution"), domestic and industrial sources. This over-fertilization produces eutrophication which has changed the structure of the Black Sea ecosystem. It is estimated that the six Black Sea countries contribute about 70% of the total amount of the substances flowing to the Black Sea as waste from human activities. The remaining 30% (from the other eleven non-coastal countries) enter the Sea via the Danube River.Current phosphate levels appear to be roughly the same as in the 1960s but total nitrogen levels are still at least four times as those observed during that period.

  • Annual Nitrogen Load in the Danube (in kt/y), subdivided over the countries of origin, with a high estimate for the in stream denitrification (= removal rate)

  • Cooperation with the Black Sea Commission

  • Memorandum of Understandingbetween the International Commission for the Protection of the Black Sea (ICPBS) and the International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR) on Common Strategic Goals

  • Goals:In short and medium terms, by adopting appropriate strategies, in particular in the transition countries, that will permit economic development, whilst assuring the recovery of the agricultural and industrial sector activities, the discharge of nutrient and hazardous substances into the Black Sea shall not exceed the discharges from 1997In the long-term, the Black Sea ecosystems shall recover to conditions similar to those observed in the 1960s through progressive reduction of loads of anthropogenically applied nutrients and hazardous substances in all countries of the Black Sea Basin.Nutrient Reduction to the Black Sea

  • Joint Danube / Black Sea Technical Working GroupJoint Danube / Black Sea TWGBulgariaRomaniaUkraineICPDRPSMLIMchairEMISchairRussiaGeorgiaTurkeyBlack SeaPSUNDP/GEFDRPUNDP/GEFBSPBS membersDanube members

  • JTWG Danube-Black Sea Work ProgrammeAssessment of existing monitoring systems (BSC area)Development of monitoring programme (BSC area)Development of ecological status indicators (BSC area)Assessment of pollution (causes) in the BSC area and of the ecological status of the Black Sea Development of reporting formats Recommendations to limit discharge of nutrients and hazardous substancesEnhancing of information mechanisms

  • Nutrient Management in the Danube Basin and its Impact on the Black SeadaNUbsGeneral objectives: to improve the knowledge on the sources, pathways, stocks, losses and sinks of nutrients in a large river catchment, to improve the knowledge on the effects of nutrients to develop, improve and combine management tools for nutrients in the Danube Basins andto develop scenarios and prognoses for nutrient management and its effect on water quality and their consequences on the socio-economic development in the DRB.

  • UNDP GEF Danube Regional Project Strengthening the implementation capacities for the nutrient reduction and transboundary cooperation in the DRB

  • The Overall Objective of the ProjectComplement the activities of the ICPDR required to strengthen a regional approach for solving transboundary problems. This includes the development of national policies and legislation, the definition of priority actions for pollution control, especially nutrient reduction, as well as the achieving of sustainable transboundary ecological conditions within the DRB and the Black Sea basin area.

  • Project Time FramePhase 1 (2002-2003), Preparationactivities related to ICPDR Expert Groups, WFD support, sectors: agriculture, industry, wetlands; public participation, pilot activities etc.Phase 2 (2004-2006), ImplementationApplication of methodologies, plans, strategies and pilot projects prepared in the Phase 1

  • Goals of the DRP in Short....Reduce Nutrient and Toxic Pollution in the Danube and Black Sea Ecosystems;Reinforce Transboundary Cooperation and the Ecosystem Approach.

  • The Approach?Support the ICPDR & its Member States, through strengthening the ICPDR Structures, activities and policy development;Strengthen Public Involvement in addressing key environmental problems through supporting the NGOs (DEF network), public awareness activities, communication strategy, small grants programme and access to information.

  • A Summary of DRP ActivitiesStrengthening Institution (s);Improving Management Tools;Developing Policies;Promoting Public Participation;Implementing Pilot Projects.

  • Strengthening InstitutionsDanube Protection Commission (ICPDR);WQ Monitoring System; ICPDR Info System (Danubis), Accident Prevention and Control;Joint Danube-Black Sea Working Group;National Level; Inter-ministerial Committees;Other Stakeholders: DEF.

  • Developing & Utilizing ToolsRiver Basin Management (EU Water Framework Directive), Danube GIS,Economic Instruments (Tariffs,Fines etc.)Monitoring of Nutrients in Wetlands.

  • Developing PoliciesAgriculture;Industry;Economic Instruments;Land Use and Wetlands;Phosphates in Detergents.

  • Supporting Pilot ProjectsRiver Basin Management (Sava River Basin),Agriculture, Wetlands.

  • Supporting Public ParticipationPublic Awareness (Communication Strategy, products & campaigns);Small Grants Programme;Support to DEF;Public Participation in Developing a Danube River Basin Mgmt. Plan;Improving Access to Information (phase 2) for Addressing Hot Spots

  • UNDP GEF Danube Regional Project

    Outp

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