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The Coastal Zone Lesson One

Mar 21, 2016




The Coastal Zone Lesson One

  • Welcome to your first GCSE lesson in Geography!Please sit down quietly.

    On to the post-it note please write down

    1. Your name2. Any question you have about your GCSE course in Geography

  • On my post-it noteName:Miss AinslieQuestion:What would you like to do more of in Geography?

  • On your second post stick note write down what you would like to do more of in Geography...Doing group work.Going on fieldtripsUsing computers to do work.Making and creating posters or leafletsDoing roll plays and using drama.Watching DVD clips.

  • Please stick your post stick notes together so I can collect them in.I will read these and answer all your questions next lesson!

  • What skills will I be developing?Decision-making skills, thinking about how coastlines should be managedIndependent enquiry skills, asking your own questions and finding out the answers Communication skills, backing up your ideas with well explained arguments

    You will also need to understand and consider the views of different people and stakeholders

  • Put the title: The Coastal ZoneNow make two lists in your book using the photo below. Try to think of at least 3 for each column.Human featuresPhysical Features

  • Learning Focus: What are waves and how do they work? What: Identify the two main types of wave and learn the key terms

    How: Label diagrams and compare constructive and destructive waves

    Why: To begin to understand the importance of waves and the coastal zone

  • Who is affected by waves? How?Property OwnersFishermenSurfers

    Add at least 2 more of your own

  • The action of wavesWaves are created by wind blowing over the surface of the seaFriction is created - producing a swell in the waterThe water particles then rotate and the wave moves forward

  • Wave Frequency Velocity FetchWind

  • Types of wavesWhen a wave breaks, water is washed up the beach - called swashThen the water runs back down the beach - called backwash Note: Backwash is always at right angles to the beachWhenever you see either one on the video, shout SWASH or BACKWASH!

  • Waves can be constructive or destructiveWith a constructive wave, the swash is stronger than the backwash

    With a destructive wave, the backwash is stronger than the swash.

    Destructive WavesConstructive Wavesbackwash>swashswash>backwash

  • Constructive Waves Created in calm weather

    Break on the shore and deposit material, building up beaches

  • Destructive Waves Created in storm conditions when the wind is powerful and has been blowing for a long time

    Occur when wave energy is high and the wave has travelled over a long fetch, tend to erode the coast

  • Constructive or Destructive?

  • Check your answers

  • Demonstrate: Decide whether the statements are talking about destructive or constructive waves and add them to the correct diagramThe swash is stronger than the backwashThe backwash is stronger than the swashShort wave heightTall wave heightStrong swash causes a lot of material to be deposited on the beachStrong backwash pulls sand and shingle back to the sea eroding the beach

  • Dorset Fieldtrip!14th September 201210 eachLeave school 7:30am (arrive by 7:15am)Arrive back by 6pmAll details on the letter sent homeBring money and forms back into school a.s.a.p.

  • Coastal BingoWrite down 4 key words from those you have learnt todayIf I say one you have written, cross it off and put your hand up to give its definitionThe first one to get all 4 words crossed off is the winner!ConstructiveDestructiveSwash Backwash FetchFrequencyWave Height Wave LengthCrestTroughWave FrequencyVelocity