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  • The Blackwell Guide to the

    Philosophy of Law and Legal Theory

    Edited by

    Martin P. Golding and William A. Edmundson

  • The Blackwell Guide to the

    Philosophy of Law

    and Legal Theory

  • Blackwell Philosophy Guides

    Series Editor: Steven M. Cahn, City University of New York Graduate School

    Written by an international assembly of distinguished philosophers, the Blackwell Philosophy Guides

    create a groundbreaking student resource – a complete critical survey of the central themes and

    issues of philosophy today. Focusing and advancing key arguments throughout, each essay

    incorporates essential background material serving to clarify the history and logic of the relevant

    topic. Accordingly, these volumes will be a valuable resource for a broad range of students and

    readers, including professional philosophers.

    1 The Blackwell Guide to EPISTEMOLOGY

    Edited by John Greco and Ernest Sosa

    2 The Blackwell Guide to ETHICALTHEORY

    Edited by Hugh LaFollette

    3 The Blackwell Guide to the MODERN PHILOSOPHERS

    Edited by Steven M. Emmanuel

    4 The Blackwell Guide to PHILOSOPHICAL LOGIC

    Edited by Lou Goble

    5 The Blackwell Guide to SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY

    Edited by Robert L. Simon

    6 The Blackwell Guide to BUSINESS ETHICS

    Edited by Norman E. Bowie

    7 The Blackwell Guide to the PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE

    Edited by Peter Machamer and Michael Silberstein

    8 The Blackwell Guide to METAPHYSICS

    Edited by Richard M. Gale

    9 The Blackwell Guide to the PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION

    Edited by Nigel Blake, Paul Smeyers, Richard Smith, and Paul Standish

    10 The Blackwell Guide to PHILOSOPHY OF MIND

    Edited by Stephen P. Stich and Ted A. Warfield

    11 The Blackwell Guide to the PHILOSOPHY OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCES

    Edited by Stephen P. Turner and Paul A. Roth

    12 The Blackwell Guide to CONTINENTAL PHILOSOPHY

    Edited by Robert C. Solomon and David Sherman

    13 The Blackwell Guide to ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY

    Edited by Christopher Shields

    14 The Blackwell Guide to the PHILOSOPHY OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION

    Edited by Luciano Floridi

    15 The Blackwell Guide to AESTHETICS

    Edited by Peter Kivy

    16 The Blackwell Guide to AMERICAN PHILOSOPHY

    Edited by Armen T. Marsoobian and John Ryder

    17 The Blackwell Guide to PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION

    Edited by William E. Mann

    18 The Blackwell Guide to the PHILOSOPHY OF LAWAND LEGALTHEORY

    Edited by Martin P. Golding and William A. Edmundson

  • The Blackwell Guide to the

    Philosophy of Law and Legal Theory

    Edited by

    Martin P. Golding and William A. Edmundson

  • © 2005 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd

    BLACKWELL PUBLISHING

    350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148 5020, USA

    9600 Garsington Road, Oxford OX4 2DQ, UK

    550 Swanston Street, Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia

    The right of Martin P. Golding and William A. Edmundson to be identified as the Authors of the

    Editorial Material in this Work has been asserted in accordance with the UK Copyright, Designs, and

    Patents Act 1988.

    All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or

    transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise,

    except as permitted by the UK Copyright, Designs, and Patents Act 1988, without the prior permission

    of the publisher.

    First published 2005 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd

    3 2006

    Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data

    The Blackwell guide to the philosophy of law and legal theory / edited by

    Martin P. Golding and William A. Edmundson.

    p. cm. — (Blackwell philosophy guides; 18)

    Includes bibliographical references and index.

    ISBN 0 631 22831 4 (hardcover : alk. paper) — ISBN 0 631 22832 2 (pbk.: alk. paper)

    1. Law—Philosophy. I. Golding, Martin P. (Martin Philip), 1930– II. Edmundson,

    William A. (William Atkins), 1948– III. Series.

    K235.B58 2004

    340’.1—dc22

    2004012895

    ISBN 13: 978 0 631 22831 8 (hardcover : alk. paper) — ISBN 13: 978 0 631 22832 5 (pbk.: alk. paper)

    A catalogue record for this title is available from the British Library.

    Set in 9/11.5pt Galliard

    by Kolam Information Services Pvt. Ltd, Pondicherry, India

    Printed and bound in Singapore

    by COS Printers Pte Ltd

    The publisher’s policy is to use permanent paper from mills that operate a sustainable

    forestry policy, and which has been manufactured from pulp processed using acid free and

    elementary chlorine free practices. Furthermore, the publisher ensures that the text paper

    and cover board used have met acceptable environmental accreditation standards.

    For further information on

    Blackwell Publishing, visit our website:

    www.blackwellpublishing.com

  • Contents

    Notes on Contributors vii

    Introduction 1

    William A. Edmundson

    Part I Contending Schools of Thought 13

    1 Natural Law Theory 15

    Mark C. Murphy

    2 Legal Positivism 29

    Brian H. Bix

    3 American Legal Realism 50

    Brian Leiter

    4 Economic Rationality in the Analysis of Legal Rules and Institutions 67

    Lewis A. Kornhauser

    5 Critical Legal Theory 80

    Mark V. Tushnet

    6 Four Themes in Feminist Legal Theory: Difference, Dominance,

    Domesticity, and Denial 90

    Patricia Smith

    Part II Doctrinal Domains and their Philosophical Foundations 105

    7 Criminal Law Theory 107

    Douglas Husak

    8 Philosophy of Tort Law 122

    Benjamin C. Zipursky

    9 Contract Theory 138

    Eric A. Posner

    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ v ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  • 10 The Commons and the Anticommons in the Law and Theory of Property 148

    Stephen R. Munzer

    11 Legal Evidence 163

    Alvin I. Goldman

    Part III Perennial Topics 177

    12 Legal and Moral Obligation 179

    Matthew H. Kramer

    13 Theories of Rights 191

    Alon Harel

    14 A Contractarian Approach to Punishment 207

    Claire Finkelstein

    15 Responsibility 221

    Martin P. Golding

    16 Legislation 236

    Jeremy J. Waldron

    17 Constitutionalism 248

    Larry A. Alexander

    18 Adjudication and Legal Reasoning 259

    Richard Warner

    19 Privacy 271

    William A. Edmundson

    Part IV Continental Perspectives 285

    20 Continental Perspectives on Natural Law Theory and Legal Positivism 287

    Jes Bjarup

    21 Some Contemporary Trends in Continental Philosophy of Law 300

    Guy Haarscher

    Part V Methodological Concerns 313

    22 Objectivity 315

    Nicos Stavropoulos

    23 Can There Be a Theory of Law? 324

    Joseph Raz

    Index 343

    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Contents --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- vi -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  • Notes on Contributors

    Larry A. Alexander is Warren Distinguished Professor of Law, University of San Diego. He is

    editor of Constitutionalism: Philosophical Foun-

    dations, An Anthology (1998) and coauthor

    (with Paul Horton) of Whom Does the Constitu-

    tion Command? (1988) and (with Emily Sher-

    win) of The Rule of Rules (2001). His Is Freedom

    of Expression a Human Right? is forthcoming in

    2005