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The Articles of Confederation - Mr.Nick Su Articles of Confederation were the the first government used by the United States of America II. The A of C were created in 1776 by the Continental

May 25, 2020

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  • The Articles of Confederation

  • U.S.A.’s First Govt.

    I.  Following the end of the American Revolution the newly created U.S.A. needed a government

    A.  Previous government was Great Britain B.  Independence leads to the need for self-government

    II.  The United States will create: THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION to serve as the first government of the U.S.A.

    Research a confederation???

  • The USA Learned Bad Govt.

    I.  The USA learned a bad system of government from experience

    A.  Great Britain = strong government/tyrannical/dangerous

    II.  Following their independence the last thing the colonists want is another strong government to tax and control them

    III.  While creating their own system of government they will

    make sure to make it weak/not powerful A.  They touched the hot stove à not doing it again!!!

  • DO NOW A.  Read a copy of the Articles of Confederation (Student

    Friendly) and answer the following questions:

    ①  Which governments have the most power under the Articles of Confederation?

    ②  How many votes does each state get in the national Congress?

    ③  What are five powers granted to the National Congress?

    ④  T/F the national Congress has the power to levy taxes

    ⑤  How many states are needed to make a law? How many are needed to change the AofC?

  • The Articles of Confederation

    I.  The Articles of Confederation were the the first government used by the United States of America

    II.  The A of C were created in 1776 by the

    Continental Congress, and finally approved by all the states in 1781.

    A.  Following the end of the American Revolution the A of C were put in place to govern the USA

    B.  U.S.A. needs a government now that they are independent

  • The Articles of Confederation

    I.  Americans were afraid of a strong national government. A.  After all, they had fought a war to get rid of a strong government B.  So the USA created government that was weak. C.  This would ensure that the same situation wouldn’t happen again

    II.  The national government under the Articles did not have the power to tax or enforce laws.

    III.  The national government had the power to wage war, but

    since they couldn’t tax they couldn’t pay for war

    IV.  The government could also issue money, but the states didn’t have to use it. The states had their own money.

  • Structure of the A of C

    I.  The A of C gave nearly all governmental power to the state governments

    II.  States sent delegates to the national Congress where each state is given ONE vote no matter population

    III.  Congress elects a president who has no authority whatsoever

    IV.  There is no national court system and no way for Congress to enforce the laws that it makes

  • Weaknesses of the Articles

    I.  Since the national government could not tax, and the national money was worthless, debt became a huge problem.

    A.  Debt = owing money II.  The biggest problem was that the soldiers who had

    fought the war, had not been paid, and they were mad.

    III.  The American government couldn’t pay former soldiers since it had no money (collects no taxes)

    IV.  Most of the soldiers were unable to pay their debts and

    grew unhappy with the new government

  • Strengths of the Articles

    I.  The Treaty of Paris 1783 was signed

    II.  The Northwest Ordinance was passed

    III.  Had the power to declare war and peace, print money, make treaties and settle state disputes

  • New Lands

    I.  The Land Ordinance of 1785, stated that land in the west was to be surveyed using a grid system to establish 6 mile blocks

    II.  The Northwest Ordinance assisted in the

    expansion of the United States, it outlined a plan for applying for statehood to western territories

    A.  5,000 free males who own 50 acres can start govt B.  Population of 60,000 could become a state

  • Settling Western lands

    I.  The Northwest Ordinance provides the process for new states to be created & settled

    II.  Northwest = new state

  • STRENGTHS WEAKNESSES

  • The Articles of Confederation

    Congress was given the power to:

    America’s 1st Constitution 1781-1789

    Declare War &

    Establish an Army/Navy

    No Power to Draft Soldiers

  • The Articles of Confederation

    Congress was given the power to:

    America’s 1st Constitution 1781-1789

    Make Peace & Sign Treaties

    No Power to Enforce Treaties

  • The Articles of Confederation

    Congress was given the power to:

    America’s 1st Constitution 1781-1789

    Borrow Money No Power to Collect Taxes

    from the States

  • The Articles of Confederation

    Congress was given the power to:

    America’s 1st Constitution 1781-1789

    Organize a

    Post Office

  • The Articles of Confederation

    Congress was given the power to:

    America’s 1st Constitution 1781-1789

    No Chief Executive

    No national court system

    No Power to Regulate Interstate Commerce

    No National Currency

    Difficult to Pass laws (2/3 vote)

  • The Articles of Confederation

    Congress was given the power to:

    America’s 1st Constitution 1781-1789

    Difficult to Amend

    (unanimous vote needed to change the

    articles)

  • STRENGTHS WEAKNESSES

  • Problems With the A of C

    I.  The A of C was a weak system of government A.  It was designed to be weak

    II.  The A of C made it incredibly difficult for the national Congress to make laws:

    A.  9 of 13 states was required to make a law

    III.  The A of C had no executive (president/someone in charge) so enforcing laws was nearly impossible

    IV.  The A of C is nearly impossible to change (amend) since all 13 states must agree to change the A of C

  • The Articles of Confederation

    I.  The A of C were the U.S.A.’s first system of government

    II.  The A of C was a very weak system of government but this was done on purpose to protect America from strong governments

    III.  The A of C has many weaknesses that will lead to future conflict

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