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Table Tennis Annual Report

Apr 02, 2018

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    CONTENTS

    INTRODUCTION

    PRELIMINARIES

    THE GRIP

    FUNDAMENTAL POSITIONS

    STANCE

    OFF THE TABLE PRACTICES

    ON THE TABLE PRACTICES

    SERVICE

    TYPE OF SERVICE

    PUSH SHOTS

    COUNTER SHOTS

    DRIVE

    EFFECTIVE TRAINING REGIME

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    INTRODUCTION

    Table Tennis is an educational process demanding psychological

    and physiological attributes. Many players never reach their true

    potential because the aim of this project is to teach players how to

    control the ball properly so that they can place it to whichever part of the

    table they wish at the speed which they intend and with the correct spin

    imparted.

    The basic training there are two reasons why the game is played,

    competitive and social. These are connected but, as everyone respects

    ability, those who play for social reasons will naturally wish to be the

    best players in their circle (home or club) whilst those who are of a

    competitive turn of mind will aim at the top class of play.

    This project has been divided into chapters which deal with

    individual phases of the game and which later, link there phases into a

    whole playing technique. Each stroke is broken down analyzed and built

    up completely variation in method of playing a stroke for various lengths,

    heights and positions are given in detail. Tactics play a big part in the

    game and I have given a great deal of space to this side of the art of

    winning at table tennis.

    The chapter on the history of the game and the appendix on record

    will be of value to those who enjoy statistics of the 'big time' game whilst

    the game remains basically the same, players are always looking forbetter way of playing, officials are trying to improve the rules, umpires

    are finding small points which requires classification -all signs of a

    healthy sports.

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    The late AJ. Wilmott said that table tennis was ten percent ability

    and ninety percent concentration like all generalizations, this is not

    entirely correct but it does stress the truth of the old aged that if a thing

    is worth doing it is worth doing well. Approach the game in this spiritand you will find that you get the maximum amount of enjoyment out of

    it.

    Ideals and Aims

    The full value of table tennis can only be defined by comparison

    with other sports and in relation to general questions as to the meaning

    of the sport.

    In this connection one must also consider the results in the

    physical and psychological fields. A clear definition of these can indeed

    assist the playing performance in this game. The meaning of any sport

    can be recognized in its conventions, which in table tennis are quite

    direct and simple:

    The ball must be struck with the bat, over an obstacle, into the

    opponent's court (half - table).

    The physical and psychological demands which must be mastered

    to achieve this simple project, provide the fascination of table tennis.

    For instance, we must make decisions in split - seconds only:

    To play forehand or backhandTo give the ball topspin, backspin or sidespinTo play short or long, hard or softTo play a particular type of stroke Which direction to play to

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    When we reflect that in addition to all this, each on - coming ball

    poses a wealth of problems to us, we can realize how the continual

    development of our physical and mental controls is involved.

    The physical improvement will be manifest in the fields of : -

    Power Dexterity Speed Stamina Flexibility

    Not to mention a general feeling of well - being and confidence. As

    for the mental side, the rules and tactical variations in table tennis

    provide great scope for personal talents.

    Power of decision, adaptation, will power, concentration, the

    courage to take a calculated risk, will all be developed by this game. In

    the purely medical sense, table tennis has also proved its worth as a

    medium of prevention and rehabilitation.

    Finally, table tennis offers us a speedy fulfillment of the play urge

    which is in all of us, thanks to the ease and accessibility of practice

    opportunities. Our object, therefore, is to enable as many people as

    possible to sample the game, so that everyone may have the opportunity:

    To gain strength physically and mentally, while enjoyingthemselves

    To employ their leisure fruitfullyTo realize their motivation - potential, e.g. to become a casual or a

    competitive player

    To use table tennis for preventative exercise or rehabilitation

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    NEED AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

    The basic training in the initial stages is the most important phase

    of training planning. In this stage the coach has to pay extra attention

    because of the psycho - physical status of the child without having a

    proper planning of child's training we cannot think of an international

    player. In fact this phase of training decides the future of the sportsman

    or we can say that if the base is not good than we cannot think of

    making a big building over a weak base. The study also emphases on the

    role of parents that how parents can help their child in making him a

    good player. This is the only stage when before starting the coachingprogramme a coach have to consider all aspects like socials, economical,

    physical mantel etc. Once the child is put on the right track then it is not

    much difficult to take him to the target. So in the process of making and

    international player, the need and significance of child's training cannot

    be imagined.

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    PRELIMINARIES

    Before we start our elementary practice, some important tipsshould be borne in mind.

    Correct each other mutually Praise your partner when his action or performance of an exercise

    is good

    Never reproach your partner; rather, point out his mistake quietly Don't carry on playing when you are having an "off day" and are no

    longer enjoying it

    Do not be disappointed if you have a period of "marking time".Improvement often only comes in spasms

    Divide your available playing time 50% warming-up play andtraining; drills; 50% types of match-play

    Carry out scrupulously all training drills and At all times follow the advice given in the chapter "Basic Training".

    THE GRIP

    The bat should be regarded as an "extension of your hand" or an

    "addition to your physical equipment".

    Therefore a correct and practical grip is of prime importance.

    The two different types of grip are: Shake -hands grip and

    penholder grip

    SHAKE-HANDS GRIP

    Widely used in Europe and most other Continents except for

    Eastern Asia. As Europe gave birth to the game, this grip is also known

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    as the "European Grip". (See picture) The beginner should try this grip

    first.

    TECHNIQUE

    1.Take the handle as though to shake hands with the bat.2. Allow forefinger and thumb to lie close to the lower edge of the bat.

    The face of the bat touched by the forefinger is known the

    "Backhand" side, (as shown in fig. 2) and the face touched by the

    thumb is known as the "Forehand" side.(as shown in fig.1)

    3. With your other 3 fingers, grasp the handle.Important Do not bend the wrist.

    FAULTS AND THEIR CORRECTION

    1.The bat handle lying "askew" in your hand, i.e. with a gap betweenblade and (either) your thumb or forefinger. Advice Place thumb

    and forefinger flush to the face of the blade.

    2. Holding the bat too tightly or too loosely. Advice It should beimpossible for the handle to twist in your hand, even during the

    fiercest stroke action. Thumb and forefinger tending to lie towards

    the centre of the blade.

    3. Advice Drive a small nail or tack into the blade so that the fingerand thumbs remain below the nail. The "barrier" can be removed

    when the correct grip has become "grooved in".

    PENHOLDER GRIP

    The Orientals prefer this grip-style, this being attributed to their

    different way of life and different habits of muscular movement (for

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    instance, eating with chopsticks). The majority of Asians hold the bat in

    this way: however, it is only suitable for attackers.

    TECHNIQUE

    1. Pick up the bat like a pen or pencil.2.Thumb and forefinger enclose the handle (forehand side) (as shown

    in fig.3)

    3. Remaining three fingers rest against the non-playing surface. (asshown in fig.4)

    FAULTS AND THEIR CORRECTION

    1. Finger and thumbs too far apart. Hint:- Finger and thumbs shouldalmost touch each other.

    2.The three remaining fingers lie on the blade. Hint:- Support the batblade with the finger tips.

    When all is said and done about the "pros and cons" of the two

    main styles, the Shake-hands Grip can be considered as basically

    superior. Only dynamic and powerful players should experiment with

    "Penholder" The basic advantage of the Shake -hands Grip is that it

    allows an easy two-sided technique. (Forehand and backhand) whereas

    Penholder players, with very few exceptions, are confined to the forehand

    s

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