Electives -1(Group A)06EC661 Programming in C ++ 06EC664 Adaptive Signal Processing06TC662 Analog and Mixed mode VLSI design 06EC665 Multimedia communication06TC663 Computer Organization 06EC666 Modern Control theory
SEVENTH SEMESTER for TE Branch
Theory Practical Duration I. A Theory/Practical
06EC-71Computer communication Network
EC 04 03 25 100 125
06ETC– 72 Optical Communication EC 04 03 25 100 125
Electives -4 (Group D)06EC831 Distributed systems 06EC834 ISDN06EC832 Network Security 06EC835 High performance computer Networks06TC833 Optical Communication & Networking 06TC836 Fuzzy Logic
Electives -5 (Group E)06EC841 Computer Architecture 06EC844 GSM06EC842 Real Time operating System 06EC845 Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits 06EC843 Internet Engineering 06EC846 Optical Computing
5th Semester TE Detailed Syllabus
06XX-51: Entrepreneurship Development and Management
Unit 1Entrepreneurship: Concept, meaning, need and Competencies/qualities/traits of an entrepreneur, technopreneurship. 5 Hrs
Innovation: Introduction, Motivating to innovate, Introduce core ideas about how to think about innovation, including key theories about factors that affect innovation. An in depth review of how companies structure to encourage and develop innovation. Product development and design 5 Hrs
Unit 2Role of financial institutions in entrepreneurship development Role of financial institutions in entrepreneurship development like District Industry Centres (DICs), State Financial Corporations, Small Industries Service Institutes (SISIs), Small Industries Development, Bank of India (SIDBI), National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC) and other relevant institutions/organizations. 6 Hrs
Unit 3 Market Survey and Opportunity Identification (Business Planning) :How to start an industry, procedures for registration of industry, assessment of demand and supply, in potential areas of growth, understanding business opportunity, considerations in product selection, data collection for setting up new ventures 6 Hrs
Unit 4Legal Aspects of Small Business: Elementary knowledge of Income Tax, Sales Tax, Patent Rules, Excise Rules, Factory Act and Payment of Wages Act. Knowledge of Government policies to promote entrepreneurship like SEZ, technology parks etc. 4 Hrs
Unit 5Introduction to Engineering Management: Engineering and Management, historical development of engineering management. 4 Hrs
Unit 6Functions of technology management: planning and forecasting, decision making, organizing, motivating and leading technical people, controlling. 13 Hrs
Managing projects: Project planning and acquisition, project organization, leadership and control. 6 Hrs
Text Books: 1. Peter Duckers, Innovation and Entrepreneurship Practice and Principles, Heinnemann, 19852. Babcock and Morse, Managing Engineering and Technology , Pearson Education, 2004.
References: 1. B. S. Rathore and J. S. Saini, A Handbook of Entrepreneurship, Aapga Publications, Panchkula (Haryana)2. C. B. Gupta and P. Srinivasan , Entrepreneurship Development, Sultan Chand and Sons, New Delhi, 19993. Philip Kotler, Marketing Management, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi4. Herald Koonz, Principles of Management, Odonell, 19725. J. Tidd, J.Bessant and K. Pavitt, Managing Innovation: Integrating Technical, Market and Organizational Change, Wiley, 3rd ed, 2005(Mr Uday Walli)*********************************************************************
06EC-52 : Digital Signal Processing
Unit 1Brief review of signals and systems: Basic definitions, properties and applications. Discrete Fourier Transforms (DFT): Frequency domain sampling and reconstruction of discrete time signals. DFT as a linear transformation, its relationship with other transforms. 07 HrsUnit 2Properties of DFT, multiplication of two DFTs- the circular convolution, additional DFT properties, use of DFT in linear filtering, overlap-save and overlap-add method
Unit 3Fast-Fourier-Transform (FFT) algorithms: Direct computation of DFT, need for efficient computation of the DFT (i.e. FFT algorithms). 08 Hrs
Radix-2 FFT algorithm for the computation of DFT and IDFT – decimation-in-time and decimation-in-frequency algorithms. Composite FFT, Goertzel algorithm, and chirp-z transform algorithm. 06 Hrs
Unit 5IIR filter design: Characteristics of commonly used analog filters – Butterworth and Chebysheve filters. 06 Hrs
Unit 6Design of IIR filters from analog filters (i. e. Butterworth and Chebyshev ) - impulse invariance method. Mapping of transfer functions: Approximation of derivative (backward difference, forward difference and bilinear transformation) method
Unit 7 Matched z transform. Verification for stability and linearity during mapping. FIR filter design: Introduction to FIR filters, design of FIR filters using frequency sampling windowing method- Rectangular, Hamming, Hanning, Bartlet and Kaiser windows.
Unit 8FIR filter design using frequency sampling technique. Implementation of discrete-time systems: Structures for IIR and FIR systems-direct form I and direct form II systems, cascade and parallel realization. 06 Hrs
Text book:1) Proakis & Monalakis, Digital signal processing – Principles Algorithms &
Applications, PHI, 4th Edition, New Delhi, 2007. (However, III edition can also be referred )
Reference:1) Oppenheim & Schaffer, Discrete Time Signal Processing, PHI, 2003.
2) S..K.Mitra, Digital Signal Processing, Tata Mc-Graw Hill, 2nd Edition, 2004.
( Dr SPK to give detailed syllabus)*********************************************************************
06EC-53 : Analog Communication
Unit 1Linear modulation: Baseband and carrier communication, amplitude modulation: mathematical description, generation and detection of DSB and SSB signals
Unit 2Balanced modulator, quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM), effect of error in frequency and phase in synchronous demodulation Frequency division multiplexing (FDM), vestigial sideband modulation (VSB), superheterodyne receiver. 07 Hrs
Unit 3Television-principle bandwidth consideration, composite video signal and block diagram of TV transmitter and receiver, principle of colour TV. Angle modulation: Concept of angle modulation, relation between frequency and phase modulation, bandwidth of angle modulated wave 06 Hrs
Unit 4Generation of FM-direct and indirect methods, demodulation of FM- slope detector, balanced slope detector, demodulation using PLL, pre-emphasis and de-emphasis, FM receiver. 06 Hrs
Unit 5Optical communication: Introduction, total internal reflection, different types of optical fibers-single mode, multimode, step index and graded index fibers.
Unit 6Losses in optical fibers, sources and detectors used in optical fibers. Optical communication system- block diagram. 06 Hrs(Unit 5 & 6 sutied in Optical Commn)
Unit 7Probability theory: Introduction, conditional probability and independent events, random variables-continuous and discrete, distribution and density functions, statistical averages, central limit theorem. 08 Hrs
Unit 8 Random processes: Specification of a random process, stationarity, ensemble averages, correlation functions, power spectra. 06 Hrs
(include fundamentals of noise & noise in receivers like in old sysl,)Text Book 1. Wayne Tomasi, Electronic Communication System, 5th Edn. 2007 PHI/Pearson Edn. (Try to remove this from the list – No noise & fundas not delt with) 2. Simon Haykins, Communication Systems, 3rd Edition, John Willey,2001.
References1. Taub ,Schilling and Saha , Principles of Communication Systems, Mc-Graw Hill,
3rd Edition, 20082. B.P.Lathi, Modern digital and analog Commn system III ed 2005 Oxford
university press 3. R P Singh and S T Sapre: Commn Systems Analog and Digital , TMH II Ed 2007
Unit 2Point Sources and Arrays: Introduction, point sources, power patterns, power theorem, radiation intensity, filed patterns, phase patterns.Array of two isotropic point sources, non-isotropic but similar point sources, principles of pattern multiplication, examples of pattern synthesis by pattern multiplication, non-isotropic point sources, broad side array with non unipolar amplitude distribution, broad side vs end fire array, direction of maxima fire arrays of n isotropic point sources of equal amplitude and spacing. Text 1: Articles – 4.1 – 4.15, 4.24, 4.25 10 Hrs
Unit 3Electric dipoles and thin linear antennas: Introduction, short electric dipole, fields of a
short dipole, radiation resistance of short dipole, radiation resistances of lambda/2Antenna, thin linear antenna, micro strip arrays, low side lobe arrays, long wire antenna,
folded dipole antennas. Text 1: Articles – 5.1 – 5.6, 5.22 – 5.24, 5.27 and 11.3 06 Hrs
Unit 4Loop, solt, patch and horn antenna: Introduction, small loop, comparision of far fields of
small loop and short dipole, loop antenna general case, far field patterns of circular loop, radiation resistance, directivity, slot antenna, Balinet’s principle and complementary antennas, impedence of complementary and slot antennas, patch antennas, horn antennas, rectangular horn antennas.
log periodic antenna, lens antenna, antenna for special applications – sleeve antenna, turnstile antenna, omni directional antennas, antennas for satellite antennas for ground penetrating radars, embedded antennas, ultra wide band antennas, plasma antenna.
Text 1: Selected Articles from chapters – 7,8,9, 14, and 17(note: no derivations for the these topics in this section) 08 Hrs
Unit 6Radio Wave Propagation: Introduction, Ground wave propagation, free space propagation, ground reflection, surface wave, diffraction.TROPOSPHERIC WAVE PROPAGATION: troposcophic scatter, Ionosphere propagation, electrical properties of the ionosphere, effects of earth’s magnetic field.Text 2 : Articles – 8.1, 8.2 12 Hrs
Text book:1. John D.Krauss, Antennas, II edition, McGraw-Hill International edition, 1988. 2. Harish and Sachidananda: Antennas and Wave Propagation Oxford Press 2007
References:1. C A Balanis, Antenna Theory Analysis and Design 2nd ED, John Wiely,
19972. Sineon R Saunders, Antennas and Propagation for Wireless
Communication Systems, John Wiley, 2003.
06EC-55: Digital Switching Systems
Unit 1SWITCHING SYSTEM FUNDAMENTALS: Introduction, Digital switching system analysis, Purpose of analysis, Basic central office linkages, Outside plant venous inside plant, Switching system hierarchy, Evolution of digital switching systems, Stored program control switching systems, Digital switching system fundamentals, Building blocks of a digital switching system, Basic call processing. 06 Hrs
Unit 2COMMUNICATIONS AND CONTROL: Introduction, Scope, Switching communication and control, Level 1 control, Level 1 contro2, Level 3 control, Basic functions of interface controller, Basic functions of network control processor, Basic functions of central processor, Call processing, Control architectures, Multiplexed highways, Switching fabric, Space-division switching, Space-time-space (STS) switching, Time-space-time (TST), Time-time-time switching, (TTT) switching, Programmable junctors, Networks redundancy. 06 Hrs
Unit 3RELIABILITY MODELING: Introduction, Scope, Downtimes in digital switching systems, Purpose of reliability analysis, System reliability assessment techniques, Failure tree analysis, Reliability-diagram-based analysis, System reliability diagram, Markov-chain-based analysis, State transition diagrams and markov models, Simple markov models, Failure models, Markov model of a detection failure, Markov model of a coverage failure, Markov model of a diagnostic and recovery failures, Sensitivity analysis. 06 Hrs
Unit 4SWITCHING SYSTEM RELIABILITY ANALYSIS: Introduction, Scope, Central processor community, State transition diagram, Clock subsystem, Network controller subsystem, State transition diagram, Switching network, State transition diagram, System downtimes, State transition diagram, Call cutoffs, Ineffective machine attempt, Partial downtimes. 07 Hrs
Unit 5SWITCHING SYSTEM SOFTWARE: Introduction, Scope, Basic software architecture, Operating systems, Database Management, Concept of generic program, Software architecture for level 1 control, Software architecture for level 2 control, Software architecture for level 3 control, Digital switching system software classification, Call models, Connect sequence, Software linkages during call, Call features, Feature flow diagram, Feature interaction. 06 Hrs
Unit 6quality analysis of switching system software: Introduction, Scope, Life cycle of switching software, Software development, A methodology for assessing quality of switching software, Result validation and recording, Requirements specifications, High-level and low-level design, Coding, Software testing, Software deployment, Overall scoring, Two important software assessment models, The CMM, The ISO model, Bellcores ROGR methodology. 06 Hrs
MAINTENANCE OF DIGITAL SWITCHING SYSTEM: Introduction, Scope, Software maintenance, Interface of a typical digital switching system central office, System outage and its impact on digital switching system reliability, Impact of software patches on digital switching system maintainability, Embedded patcher concept, Growth of digital switching system central office, Generic program upgrade, A methodology for proper maintenance of digital switching system, Effect of firmware deployment on digital switching system, Firmware-software coupling, Switching system maintainability metrics, Upgrade process success rate, Number of patches applied per year, Diagnostic resolution rate, Reported critical and major faults corrected, A strategy improving software quality, Program for software process improvement, Software processes improvement, Software processes, Metrics, Defect analysis, Defect analysis.
Unit 8ANALYSIS OF NETWORKED SWITCHING SYSTEMS: Introduction, Scope, Switching in a networked environment, Network reliability requirements, Markov models for a hypothetical STP, State transition diagrams, Dependence of new technologies on digital switching systems, Integrated services digital network, Current trends in digital switching systems, Future trends in digital switching systems. 07 HrsText Books
1) Syed R. Ali, Digital Switching Systems, TMH edition 2002,2) John C Bellamy: Digital Telephony Wiley Intersciences 2000 III ed
1. J E Flood: Telecommunication and Switching, Traffic and Networks Pearson 2006(Mr.CRN)*********************************************************************
06EC-56: Fundamentals of CMOS VLSI
Sub Code : 06EC-56 IA Marks : 25Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100
PART AUNIT 1:Semiconductors: Current due to holes in a semiconductor. Pure and impure semiconductors. Effect of doping. Degeneracy. Temperature dependence of conductivity. Charge neutrality and space charge. Diffusion. Current components in conductors and semiconductors. (Text 1: Chapter 1.6-1.12, 1.15) 3 hours
P-N junction diode and bipolar junction transistor: Diode under thermal equilibrium and non-equilibrium. Breakdown. Transition capacitance. BJT principle of operation. Collector current vs. collector junction voltage, VE, and IE. CB, CE, CC configurations.
Temperature effects in transistors. Effects of device geometry. Ebers-Moll equations and Ebers-Moll model. Capacitance of abrupt junction. Zener breakdown. Breakdown voltages in transistors. (Text 1: Chapter 2.1-2.2, 5.4-5.7, 6.3, 6.6, 6.7) 4 hours
UNIT 2:Metal-Semiconductor (MS) contacts and MOSFETs: MS contacts. I-V characteristics of Schottky barrier junctions. Applications of MS contacts – MESFET. JFET. MOSFET structure, types and modes of operation. Threshold voltage. Effects of non-idealities. MOSFET operation. AC and high frequency properties. (Text 1: Chapters 10.1, 10.2, 10.4-10.6, 11.1-11.5). 3 hours
Device fabrication and integrated circuits: Silicon planar technology. BJT process technology. MOSFET process for ICs. MOS integrated circuits (Text 1: Chapter 12.1-12.4) 4 hours
UNIT 3:MOS Transistor theory: n MOS / p MOS transistor, threshold voltage equation, body effect, MOS device design equation, sub threshold region, Channel length modulation. Mobility variation, tunneling, punch through, hot electron effect. MOS models, small signal AC Characteristics, CMOS inverter, βn / βp ratio, noise margin, static load MOS inverters, differential inverter, transmission gate, tristate inverter, BiCMOS inverter. (Text 2: Chapter 2.1-2.8) 4 hours
Basic CMOS Technology: Semiconductor technology overview, basic CMOS technology, p well / n well / twin well process. Current CMOS enhancement (oxide isolation, LDD. refractory gate, multilayer inter connect). Circuit elements, resistor , capacitor, interconnects, sheet resistance & standard unit capacitance concepts delay unit time, inverter delays , driving capacitive loads, propagate delays, MOS mask layer, stick diagram, design rules and layout, symbolic diagram, mask feints, scaling of MOS circuits. (Text 2: Chapter 3.2-3.4) 3 hours
UNIT 4:Circuit characterization: Resistance, capacitance, and inductance estimations. Switching characteristics. CMOS gate transistor sizing. Power dissipation. Sizing routing conductors. Charge sharing. Design margins. Yield and reliability. Scaling. (Text 2: Chapter 4.1-4.13) 6 hours
UNIT 6:CMOS design methods: Introduction. Design strategies and options. Design methods and tools. Design economics. Data sheets. (Text 2: Chapter 6.1-6.8) 6 hours
UNIT 7:CMOS test methods: Functionality and manufacturing tests. Fault models. Automatic test patterns. Designing for testability. Chip-level test techniques. System level test techniques. (Text 2: Chapter 7.1-7.5) 6 hours
UNIT 8:CMOS subsystem design: Data-path operators. Memory elements – RAM, ROM, and content-addressable memory. Control structures. (Text 2: Chapter 8.1-8.4) 6 hours
Text Books:1. M. K. Achuthan and K. N. Bhat, “Fundamentals of Semiconductor Devices”, Tata
McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi, 2007.2. Neil H. E. Weste , David Harris, Ayan Banerjee” CMOS VLSI Design: A Circuits
and Systems Perspective,” 3rd edition, Pearson Education , 2008.
Reference Books: 1. Sung-Mo Kang & Yusuf Leblebici, “CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits: Analysis and
Design”, 3rd Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi, 2007.2. Wayne, Wolf, “Modern VLSI design: System on Silicon” Pearson Education, 3rd
A LIST OF EXPERIMENTS USING MATLAB/SCILAB/OCTAVE/WAB
1. Verification of Sampling theorem
2. Impulse response of a given system
3. Linear convolution of two given sequences.
4. Circular convolution of two given sequences
5. Autocorrelation of a given sequence and verification of its properties.
6. Cross correlation of given sequences and verification of its properties.
7. Solving a given difference equation.
8. Computation of N point DFT of a given sequence and to plot magnitude and
9. Linear convolution of two sequences using DFT and IDFT.
10. Circular convolution of two given sequences using DFT and IDFT
11. Design and implementation of FIR filter to meet given specifications.
12. Design and implementation of IIR filter to meet given specifications.
B. LIST OF EXPERIMENTS USING DSP PROCESSOR
1.Linear convolution of two given sequences.
2.Circular convolution of two given sequences.
3.Computation of N- Point DFT of a given sequence
4.Realization of an FIR filter ( any type ) to meet given specifications .The input can
be a signal from function generator / speech signal .
5.Audio applications such as to plot a time and frequency display of Microphone
plus a cosine using DSP. Read a wav file and match with their respective
6.Noise removal: Add noise above 3kHz and then remove ; Interference suppression
using 400 Hz ton
7.Impulse response of first order and second order system
References:1.Sanjeet Mitra, Digital signal processing using MATLAB, TMH, 20012.J.G.Proakis & Ingale, Digital signal processing using MATLAB,.MGH, 2000 3.B.Venkataramani and Bhaskar, Digital signal processors, TMH,2002
Introduction: Review of basics of probability ,spectrum of elementary signals convolution ,Signals and their sources, basic signal processing operations in digital communication. SAMPLING PRINCIPLES: Sampling Theorem, quadrature sampling of Band pass signal, reconstruction of a message from its samples, signal distortion in sampling. 07 Hrs.Unit 2
Practical aspects of sampling and signal recovery. PAM, TDM. Waveform Coding Techniques, PCM, Channel noise and error probability. quantization noise and SNR, robust quantization. 07 Hrs.Unit 3
DPCM, DM, coding speech at low bit rates, applications. Base-Band Shaping for Data Transmission, Discrete PAM signals, power spectra of discrete PAM signals.
06 Hrs Unit 4
ISI, Nyquist’s criterion for distortion less base-band binary transmission, correlative coding , eye pattern, base-band M-ary PAM systems, adaptivc equalization for data transmission. 06 Hrs.
Unit 5Digital Modulation Techniques: Digital Modulation formats, Coherent binary modulation techniques, Coherent quadrature modulation techniques. Non-coherent binary modulation techniques, Comparison of Binary and Quarternary Modulation techniques. M-Ary Modulation Techniques. 07 Hrs
Unit 6Effect of ISI, Bit versus Symbol error probability, detection and estimation, Gram-Schmidt Orthogonalization procedure, geometric interpretation of signals, response of bank of correlators to noisy input. 06Hrs
Unit 7Detection of known signals in noise, probability of error, correlation receiver, matched filter receiver, detection of signals with unknown phase in noise, estimation: concept and criteria, maximum likelihood estimation. 06 Hrs.
Unit 8Spread Spectrum Modulation: Pseudo noise sequences, notion of spread spectrum, direct sequence spread coherent binary PSK, signal space dimensionality and processing gain, frequency hop spread spectrum, applications. 07 Hrs(No Change – old syllabus retained along with the authors given)Text Book;
1)Simon Haykin, Digital communications, John Wiley, 2003
Reference Books:1) K.Sam Shanmugam, Digital and analog communication systems, John Wiley,
2) Simon Haykin, An introduction to Analog and Digital Communication, John Wiley, 2003
Unit 1Basic concepts of transmission line: Application of Maxwell’s equations to rectangular wave guides, TE & TM modes in rectangular wave guide, cylindrical waveguides, TEM wave in co-axial lines, Planar transmission lines, Excitation of waveguides, Resonant cavities. 08 Hrs
Unit 2Impedance transformation for matching narrow band matching, Broad band matching.
Unit 4Directional couplers: Two hole directional coupler, ‘S’ matrix circulator and isolators, Microwave filters. 06 Hrs
Unit 5Microwave vacuum tube devices: Klystron, Reflex klystrons, Velocity modulation process, Output power and efficiency, Traveling wave tubes, Amplification process, Magnetrons. 08 Hrs
Unit 6Microwave solid state devices: Crystal diode, Schottky diode, IMPATT, TRAPATT & BARITT diodes, Parametric amplifiers. 07 Hrs
Unit 7Microwave measurements: Introduction to tunable detector, Slotted line carriage, VSWR meter, Spectrum analysis power measurements, Insertion loss and attenuation measurements, VSWR measurements, Impedance and frequency measurements.
06 Hrs Unit 8Applications of Microwaves: Aspects of antennas, Microwave communication system, Microwave radar system, Radiometry, Microwave propagation, Industrial applications.
Text Books:1) Annapurana Das, Sisir K. Das, Microwave engineering, 7th Ed TMH Publications,
2006 (DO NOT INCLUDE AS TEXT)2) Merryl Skolnik: Introduction to radar Systems 3rd ed TMH 2001.
References:1. Samuel Y Liao: Microwave devices and Circuits Pearson Edn 3rd Ed 2006
( recommend as text)2. David M Pozar: Microwave Engineering, John Wiley 2nd Edn 2004
Unit 1Over view of Satellite Systems: Introduction, frequency allocation, INTEL Sat. Text 1: articles – 1.1 – 1.3 03 Hrs
Unit 2Orbits: Introduction, Kepler laws, definitions, orbital element, apogee and perigee heights, orbit perturbations, inclined orbits, calendars, universal time, sidereal time,
orbital plane, local mean time and sun clyndronous orbits, Geostationary orbit: Introduction, antenna, look angles, polar mixantenna, limits of visibility, earth eclipse of satellite, sun transit outage, laendiag orbits.Text 1: articles – 3.1 – 2.9, 2.9.1, 2.9.4, 2.9.5, 2.10, and 3.1 – 3.4, 3.6 – 3.8 10 Hrs
Unit 3Propagation impairments and space link: Introduction, atmospheric loss, ionospheric effects, rain attenuation, other impairments.Space link: Introduction, EIRP, transmission losses, link power budget, system noise, CNR, uplink, down link, effects of rain, combined CNR. Text 1: articles – 4.1 – 4.5, and 12.1 – 12.10 08 Hrs
Unit 4Space Segment: Introduction, power supply units, altitude control, station keeping, thermal control, TT&C, transponders, antenna subsystem.Text 1: articles- 7.1 – 7.8 07 Hrs
Unit 5Earth Segemnt: Introduction, receive only home TV system, out door unit, indoor unit, MATV, CATV, Tx – Rx earth station. Text 1 : articles – 8.1 – 8.5 03 Hrs
Unit 6Interference and Satellite access: Introduction, interference between satellite circuits, satellite access, single access, pre-assigned FDMA, SCPC (spade system), TDMA, pre-assigned TDMA, demand assigned TDMA, down link analysis, comparison of uplink power requirements for TDMA & FDMA, on board signal processing satellite switched TDMA. Text 1: articles – 13.1, 13.2, 14.1 – 14.5, 14.7 (exclude 14.7.5, 14.7.6, 14.7.7, 14.7.10), 14.8, 14.9
Unit 7DBS, Satellite mobile and specialized services: Introduction, orbital spacing, power ratio, frequency and polarization, transponder capacity, bit rates for digital TV, satellite mobile services, USAT, RadarSat, GPS, orb communication and iridium.Text 1: articles – 16.1 – 16.6 and 17.1 – 17.7 09 Hrs
Text Book:1. Dennis Roddy, Satellite Communications, 4th Edition, McGraw-Hill International edition, 2006
1. .Timothy Pratt, Charles Bostian and Jeremy Allnutt, Satellite Communications, 2nd
Edition, John Wiley & Sons, 2003
2. W.L. Pitchand, H.L. Suyderhoud, R.A. Nelson, Setallite Communication Systems engineering, 2nd Edn, Pearson Edu., 2007
Unit 1The 8086/8088 Processors: A historical background, The microprocessor-based personal computer system. Register organization of 8086, Architecture, Signal Description of 8086, Physical memory organization, General Bus operation, I/O Addressing Capability, Special Processor Activities. 06 Hrs
Unit 2Minimum Mode 8086 System and Timing, Maximum Mode 8086 System and Timing, The 8088 processor. 8086/8088 Instruction Set And Assembler Directives, Machine Language Instruction Formats, Addressing Modes of 8086. 06Hrs
Unit 3Instruction set of 8086, Assembler Directives and Operators. The Art of Assembly Language Programming With 8086/8088: Few Machine Level Programs, Machine Coding the Programs. 07 Hrs
Unit 4Programming With an Assembler, Assembly Language Example Programs.
07 HrsPART B
Unit 5MODULAR PROGRAMMING, DATA CONVERSION AND INTERRUPTS:Modular programming, Using the keyboard and video display, data conversions. Basic interrupts processing, Hardware interrupts 06 Hrs
Unit 6Expanding the interrupt structure, Interrupt examples, Arithmetic Coprocessor (8087), Data formats for the arithmetic coprocessor, The 80X87 architecture. 06 Hrs
Unit 7Instruction set, Programming with the arithmetic coprocessor. Bus Interface, The 80386, 80486 And Pentium Processors, The peripheral component interconnect (PCI) bus, the parallel printer interface (LTP), The universal serial bus (USB). 06 Hrs
Unit 8Introduction to the 80386 microprocessor, Special 80386 registers, Introduction to the 80486 microprocessor, Introduction to the Pentium microprocessor. 08 Hrs
1) The intel microprocessor, architecture, programming and interfacing-Barry B. Brey, 6e, Pearson education / PHI, 2003
1) Microprocessor and interfacing- programming & hardware, Douglas Hall, 2e TMH, 1991
2) Microcomputer systems-The 8086 / 8088 family – Y.C. Liu and G. A. Gibson, 2E PHI -2003
06EC-65: Information Theory and Coding
Unit 1Information Theory: Introduction, Measure of information, Average information content of symbols in long independent sequences, Average information content of symbols in long dependent sequences. 06 Hrs
Unit 2Mark-off statistical model for information source, Entropy and information rate of mark-off source, Encoding of the source output, Shannon’s encoding algorithm. Communication Channels, Discrete communication channels, Rate of information transmission over a discrete channel. 06 Hrs Unit 3Capacity of a discrete memory less channel, discrete channels with memory continuous channels, Shannon-Hartley law and its implications. Fundamental Limits on Performance, Some properties of entropy. 07 Hrs
Extension of a DMS, Prefix coding, Source coding theorem, Huffman coding, Mutual information, Properties of mutual information, Differential entropy and mutual information for continuous ensembles, Channel capacity Theorem. 07 Hrs
Unit 5Introduction To Error Control Coding And Linear Block Codes: Rationale for coding and types of codes, Discrete memory less channels, Examples of error control coding, Methods of controlling errors, Types of errors, types of codes, Matrix description of linear block codes. 06 Hrs
Unit 6Error detection and error correction capabilities of linear block codes, Single error correcting hamming codes, Lookup table decoding using standard array. Binary Cycle Codes, Algebraic structures of cyclic codes, Encoding using an (n-k) bit shift register, Syndrome calculation. 06 Hrs
Unit 7Error detection and error correction, BCH codes, RS codes, Golay codes, Shortened cyclic codes, Burst error correcting codes. Burst and Random Error correcting codes. Convolution Codes, Pictorial representation Time domain approach. 06 Hrs Unit 8Transfer domain approach, Systematic Convolution codes, Structural properties of Convolution codes, Maximum likelihood decoding of Convolution codes Sequential coding. 07 Hrs
Text Books:1) K. Sam Shanmugam, Digital and analog communication systems, John Wiley,
1996.2) Simon Haykin, Digital communication, John Wiley, 20033) Ranjan Bose, ITC and Crytography, TMH, 2002 (reprint 2007)
Reference Book:1) Bernard Sklar, Digital communication fundamentals and applications, Pearson Education, 2002
(Mr MNJ & Mr. CRN)*********************************************************************
06ECL-67: Microprocessor Lab
1) Programs involving
a) Data transfer instructions like:
1] Byte and word data transfer in different addressing modes.
2] Block move (with and without overlap)
3] Block interchange
b) Arithmetic & logical operations like:
1] Addition and Subtraction of multi precision nos.
2] Multiplication and Division of signed and unsigned Hexadecimal nos.
3] ASCII adjustment instructions
4] Code conversions
5] Arithmetic programs to find square cube, LCM, GCD, factorial
c)Bit manipulation instructions like checking:
1] Whether given data is positive or negative
2] Whether given data is odd or even
3] Logical 1’s and 0’s in a given data
4] 2 out 5 code
5] Bit wise and nibble wise palindrome
d)Branch/Loop instructions like:
1] Arrays: addition/subtraction of N nos.
Finding largest and smallest nos.
Ascending and descending order
2] Near and Far Conditional and Unconditional jumps, Calls and Returns
e) Programs on String manipulation like string transfer, string reversing, searching
for a string, etc.
f) Programs involving Software interrupts
g) Programs to use DOS interrupt INT 21h Function calls for Reading a Character
from keyboard, Buffered Keyboard input, Display of character/ String on console
2) Experiments on interfacing 8086 with the following interfacing modules through
DIO (Digital Input/Output-PCI bus compatible) card
Unit 1C++, An Overview: Getting started, the C++ program, Preprocessor Directives,The Built-In Array Data Type, Dynamic Memory Allocation and Pointers, An Object – based Design, An Object-Oriented Design, An Exception – based Design,An array. (Chap 1: 1.1 – 1.3, Chap 2: 2.1 – 2.7) 06 Hrs
Unit 3Operators: Arithmetic Operators, Equality, Relational and Logical operators, Assignment operators, Increment and Decrement operator, The conditionalOperator, Bitwise operator, bitset operations. Statements: if, switch, for Loop, while, break, goto, continue statements. ( Chap 4: 4.1 – 4.12, Chap 5: 5.1 – 5.10) 10 Hrs
Unit 4Functions: Prototype, Argument passing, Recursion and linear function. (Chap 7: 7.1 – 7.6) 04 Hrs
Unit 5 Exception Handling: Throwing an Exception, Catching an exception, Execption Specification and Execptions and Design Issues.(Chap 11: 11.1 – 11.5) 06 Hrs
Unit 6Classes : Definition, Class Objects, Class Initailization, Class constructior, The class destructor, Class Object Arrays and Vectors.(Chap 13: 13.1 – 13.2, Chap 14: 14.1 – 14.4) 07 Hrs
Unit 7Overload Operators, Operators ++ and --, Operators new and delete. (Chap 15: 15.1 – 15. 8) 07 Hrs
Unit 8Multiple Inheritance, public, private & protected inheritance, Class scope underInheritance. (Chap 18: 18.2 – 18. 4) 04 Hrs
Text books:1. S. B. Lippman & J. Lajoie, C++ Primer, 3rd Edition, Addison Wesley, 2000.
References: 1. C++ Program Design: An Introduction to Programming and Object-Oriented Design. Cohoon and Davidson, 3rd Edn. TMH publication. 2004.2. R. Lafore, Object Oriented Programming using C++, Galgotia Publications, 2004.*********************************************************************06TC 662: Analog and Mixed mode VLSI designPART-A
Unit 1Introduction and CMOS Device Modeling: Analog Integrated-Circuit Design, Notation, Symbology and Terminology, Analog Signal Processing, Example of Analog VLSI Mixed-Signal Circuit Design. Simple MOS Large-Signal Model (SPICE LEVEL 1), Other MOS Large-Signal Model Parameters, Small-Signal Model for the MOS Transistor, Computer Simulation Models, subthreshold MOS Model SPICE Simulation of MOS Circuits. 7Hrs
Unit 2Analog CMOS Subcircuits: MOS Switch, MOS Diode/Active Resistor, Current Sinks and Sources, Current Mirrors, Current and Voltage References, Bandgap Reference.
6HrsUnit 3CMOS Amplifiers – I: Inverters, Differential Amplifiers, Cascode Amplifiers. 6HrsUnit 4CMOS Amplifiers – Ii And CMOS Operational Amplifiers – I: Current Amplifiers, Output Amplifiers, High-Gain Amplifier Architectures, Design of CMOS Op Amps, Compensation of Op Amps. 7Hrs
Unit 5CMOS Operanal Amplifiers – Ii : Design of Two-Stage Op Amps, Power-Supply Rejection Ratio of Two-Stage Op Amps, Cascode Op Amps, Simulation and Measurement of Op Amps. 7Hrs
Unit 6High Performance CMOS OP AMPS – I: Buffered Op Amps, High- Speed/Frequency Op Amps, and Differential-Output Op Amps. 6Hrs
Unit 7High Performance CMOS OP AMPS – II: Micropower Op Amps, Low-Noise Op Amps, Low-Voltage Op Amps. 6Hrs
Unit 8Switched Capacitor Circuits: Switched Capacitor Circuits, Switched Capacitor Amplifiers, Switched Capacitor Integrators, Z-Domain Models of Two-Phase Switched.
Textbooks: 1) Design of Analog CMOS Integrated Circuits, B Razavi, First Edition, McGraw Hill,2001
References: 2) CMOS Analog Circuit Design, P E Allen and D R Holberg, Second Edition,
Oxford University Press,20023) Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated Circuits, P R Gray P Hurst, S
Lewis and R G Meyer, 4th Edition, Wiley 2000
1) David Johns & Ken Martin, Analog Integrated Circuit Design, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1997
2) Alan Hastings, The Art of Analog Layout, Prentice Hall; 2 edition, 2005
*********************************************************************06TC663: Computer Organization*********************************************************************06EC 664: Adaptive Signal Processing
Unit 1Adaptive Systems: Definition and characteristics, Areas of application, General properties, Open-and closed-loop adaptation, Applications of closed-loop adaptation, Example of an adaptive system. 04 Hrs
Unit 2The Adaptive Linear Combiner: General description, Input signal and weight vectors, Desired response and error, the performance function, gradient and minimum mean-square error, Example of a performance surface, Alternative expression of the gradient, Decorrelation of error and input components. 06 Hrs
Unit 3Properties Of The Quadratic Performance Surface: Normal of the input correlation matrix, Eigen values and eigen vectors of the input correlation matrix, an example with two weights, geometrical significance of eigenvectors and eigen values, a second example. 08Hrs
Unit 4Searching The Performance Surface: Methods of searching the performance surface, Basic ideal of gradient search methods, a simple gradient search algorithm and its solution, Stability and rate of convergence, The learning curve, Gradient search by newton’s method in multidimensional space, Gradient search by the method of steepest descent, Comparison of learning curves. 07Hrs
Unit 5Gradient Estimation And Its Effects On Adaptation: Gradient component estimation by derivate measurement, the performance penalty, Derivative measurement and performance penalties with multiple weights, variance of the gradient estimate, effects on the weight-over solution, excess mean-square error and time constants, misadjustment, comparative performance of Newtron’s and steepest-descent methods, Total mis adjustment and other practical considerations. 08 Hrs
Unit 6The Lms Algorith: Derivation of the LMS algorithm, convergence of the weight vector, an example of convergence, learning curve, noise in the weight-vector solution, misadjustment, performance. 05 Hrs
Unit 7Adaptive Modeling And System Identification: General description, Adaptive modeling of multipath communication channel, adaptive modeling in geophysical exploration, Adaptive modeling in FIR digital filter synthesis. 05 Hrs
Unit 8Adaptive Interfacing Canceling: The concept of adaptive noise canceling, stationary noise-canceling solutions, effects of signal components in the reference input, The adaptive interference canceller as a notch filter, The adaptive interface canceller as a high-pass filter, Effects of finite length and causality, multiple-reference noise canceling.
Text Book:1) Bernard Widrow and Samuel D. Stearns, Adaptive Signal Processing, Pearson
2)Jophn R. Treichler C. Richard Johnson, Jr. and Michael G. Larimore, Theory and Design of Adaptive Filetrs, PHI, 2002.
*********************************************************************06EC665: Multimedia communication
PART AUnit 1Multimedia communications: Introduction, multimedia information representation, multimedia networks, multimedia applications, media types, communication modes, network types, multipoint conferencing, network QoS application QoS. (Chap 1: 1.1 – 1.5) 08 Hrs
Unit 2Multimedia information representation: Introduction, digital principles, text, images, audio, video. (Chap 2: 2.1 – 2.6) 05 hrs
Unit 3Text and image compression: introduction, compression principles, text compression, image compression. (Chap 3: 3.1 – 3.4 ) 07 Hrs
Unit 4Audio and video compression: introduction, audio compression, DPCM, ADPCM, APC, LPC, video compression, video compression principles, H.261, H.263, MPEG, MPEG-1, MPEG-2, and MPEG-4.(Chap 4: 4.1 – 4.3) 07 Hrs
Unit 5Multimedia information networks: introduction, network performance parameters, throughput, networking delay, delay variance, error rate, quality of service.(Chap 07 Hrs
UNIT-6QoS perspectives, QoS processing, multimedia transmission, requirements, transmission over WANs, Multimedia Transmission over LANs, ATM networks, Wireless LANs 07 HrsUnit 6Multimedia transport protocols: RTP and RTCP. 06 Hrs
1. Fred Halsall, Multimedia Communications: Applications, Networks, Protocols, and Standards, Pearson Education, Asia, Second Indian reprint 2002.
Reference Books:2. Multimedia Information Networking, Nalin K. Sharda, PHI, 2003. 3. Ralf Steinmetz, Klara Narstedt, “Multimedia Fundamentals: Vol 1-Media Coding
and Content Processing”, Pearson Education, 2004.4. Prabhat K. Andleigh, Kiran Thakrar, “Multimedia Systems Design”, PHI, 2004.
06EC666: Modern Control theory
1 Linear Spaces and Linear Operators.Introduction, Fields, Vectors and Vector Spaces, Linear Combinations and Bases, Linear Transformations and Matrices, Scalar Product and Norms, Solution of Linear Algebraic Equations, Eigen values, Eigen vectors and a Canonical-Form, Functions of a Square Matrix. (7 Hours)
Text 1 – 2.1 to 2.9
2 State Variable Descriptions.Introduction, The Concept of State, State Equations for Dynamic Systems, Time-Invariance and Linearity, Nonuniqueness and State Model, State Diagrams.
(5 Hours) Text 1 – 3.1 to 3.7
3 Physical Systems and State Assignment.
Introduction, Linear Continuous-Time Models, Linear Discrete-Time Models, Nonlinear Models, Local Linearization of Nonlinear Models, Plant Models of Some Illustrative Control Systems. (6 Hours)
Text 1 – 4.1 to 4.7
4 Solutions of State Equations.
Introduction, Existence and Uniqueness of Solutions to Continuous –Time State Equations, Solution of Nonlinear Continuous-Time Equations, Solution of Linear Time-Varying Continuous –Time State Equations, Solution of Linear Time-Invariant continuous-Time State Equations, Solution of Linear Discrete-Time State Equations, State Equations of Sampled –Data Systems. (6 Hours)
Text 1 – 5.1 to 5.8
5 Controllability and Observability.Introduction, General Concept of Controllability, General Concept of Observability, Controllability Tests for Continuous-Time Systems, Observability Tests for Continuous- Time Systems, Controllability and Observability of Discrete-Time Systems, Controllability and Observability of State Model in Jordan Canonical Form, Loss of Controllability and Observability due to Sampling, Controllability and Observability, CanonicalForms of State Model.
(7 Hours) Text 1 – 6.1 to 6. 10
6 Relationship between State Variable and Input-Output Descriptions.Introduction, Input-Output Maps from State Models, Output Controllability, Reducibility, State models from Input-Output Maps. (5 Hours)
Text 1 – 7.1 to 7.6
7 Stability.Introduction, Stability Concepts and Definitions, Stability of Linear Time-Invariant Systems, Equilibrium Stability of Nonlinear Continuous-Time Autonomous Systems, The Direct Method of Lyapunov and the Linear Continuous-Time Autonomous Systems, Aids to Finding Lyapunov Functions for Nonlinear Continuous-Time Autonomous Systems, Use of Lyapunov Functions to Estimate Transients, The Direct Method of Lyapunov and the Discrete-Time Autonomous Systems. (6 Hours)
Text 1 – 8.1 to 8.10
8. Model Control.
Introduction, Controllable and Observable Companion Forms, The effect of State Feedback on Controllability and Observability, Pole Placement by State Feedback, Full-Order Observers, Reduced-Order Observers, Deadbeat Control by State Feedback, Deadbeat Observers. (6Hours)
Text 1 – 9.1 to 9.9
TEXT BOOK: 1. Modern Control System Theory – M.Gopal; 2nd Edition; New Age Int (P)
1. Modern Control System – Richard Dorf & Robert Bishop, PHI.2. Modern Control Engineering- K.Ogata -PHI
7 th Semester TE Detailed Syllabus
06EC-71: Computer Communication Networks
Unit 1Introduction: Internet, the network edge, the network core, network access and physical media, ISPS and internet backbones, delay and locs in packet switched networks, protocol layers and their service models, history of computer networking and the internet.
Unit 2Application layer: Principles of application layer protocols, the web and HTTP, file transfer (FTP), electronic mail in the internet, DNS, socket programming with TCP, socket programming with UDP. 06 Hrs
Unit 3Building a simple web server, content distribution. Transport layer Introduction and transport layer, services multiplexing and demultiplexing, connectionless transport UDP, principle of reliable data transfer. 06 Hrs
Unit 4Connection oriented transport TCP, principles of congestion control, TCP congestion control. Network layer and routing Introduction and network service models, routing principles, hierarchical routing. 06 Hrs
Unit 5The internet protocol, routing in the internet, inside a router, 1PV6, multicast routing, mobility and the network layer. Link layer and local area networks Data link layer, error detection and correction technique. 07 Hrs
Unit 6Multiple access protocols, LAN addresses. ARP, Ethernet, hubs, bridges and switches, wireless links, PPP. 06 Hrs
Unit 7Asynchronous transfer mode (ATM), frame relay. Physical layer, Analog and digital, analog signals and digital signals, analog versus digital data rate limits. 06 Hrs
Unit 8Transmission impairment, more about signals, guided media unguided media, circuit switching, telephone networks. 06 Hrs
Text Books:1. James F. Kurose, Keith W. Ross, Computer networks, Pearson education, II
edition, 2003.Reference Books:
2. Behrouz A. Forouzan, Data communication and networking, McGraw Hill, 3rd
edition, 2004.3. William Stallings, Data and computer communication, Pearson education, 6th
Unit 7Analog and Digital Links: Analog links – Introduction, overview of analog links, CNR, multichannel transmission techniques, RF over fiber, key link parameters, Radio over fiber links, microwave photonics.Digital links – Introduction, point–to–point links, System considerations, link power budget, resistive budget, short wave length band, transmission distance for single mode fibers, Power penalties, nodal noise and chirping.
PART-AUnit 1Introduction to Digital Signal Processing: Introduction, A Digital Signal-Processing System, The Sampling Process, Discrete Time Sequences, Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) and Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), Linear Time-Invariant Systems, Digital Filters, Decimation and Interpolation. 05 Hrs
Architectures For Programmable Digital Signal-Processors: Introduction, Basic Architectural Features, DSP Computational Building Blocks, Bus Architecture and Memory, Data Addressing Capabilities, Address Generation Unit, Programmability and Program Execution, Features for External Interfacing. 08 HrsUnit 3
Programmable Digital Signal Processors: Introduction, Commercial Digital Signal-processing Devices, Data Addressing Modes of TMS32OC54xx., Memory Space of TMS32OC54xx Processors, Program Control. 06 Hrs
Unit 4Detail Study of TMS320C54X: TMS32OC54xx Instructions and Programming, On-Chip peripherals, Interrupts of TMS32OC54XX Processors, Pipeline Operation of TMS32OC54xx Processor. 06 Hrs
Implementation of Basic DSP Algorithms: Introduction, The Q-notation, FIR Filters, IIR Filters, Interpolation and Decimation Filters( one example in each case ).
06 HrsUnit 6Implementation oF FFT Algorithms: Introduction, An FFT Algorithm for DFT Computation, Overflow and Scaling, Bit-Reversed Index Generation & Implementation on the TMS32OC54xx. 06 Hrs
Unit 7Interfacing Memory and Parallel I/O Peripherals to DSP Devices: Introduction, Memory Space Organization, External Bus Interfacing Signals. Memory Interface, Parallel I/O Interface, Programmed I/O, Interrupts and I / O Direct Memory Access (DMA).
Unit 8Interfacing And Applications of DSP Processor: Introduction, Synchronous Serial Interface, A CODEC Interface Circuit. DSP Based Bio-telemetry Receiver, A Speech Processing System, An Image Processing System. 06 Hrs
Text Book:1. Avatar Singh and S. Srinivasan, “Digital Signal Processing”, Thomson Learning, 2004
2. Ifeachor E. C., Jervis B. W “Digital Signal Processing: A practical approach, Pearson-Education, 2002
1. B Venkataramani and M Bhaskar “Digital Signal Processors”, TMH, 2002(Prof HDM)
*********************************************************************06ETCL-77: Advanced Communication Lab
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
1.TDM of two band limited signals.
2.ASK and FSK generation.
3. PSK and DPSK generation and detection
4.DPSK encoder and decoder.
5.PCM generation and detection using a CODEC Chip
6.Measurement of losses in a given optical fiber ( propagation loss, bending loss,
coupling loss ) and numerical aperture
7.Analog and Digital with TDM) communication link using optical fiber.
Unit 1Introduction And Overview Of Operating Systems : Operating system, Goals of an O.S, Operation of an O.S, Resource allocation and related functions, User interface related functions, Classes of operating systems, O.S and the computer system, Batch processing system, Multi programming systems, Time sharing systems, Real time operating systems, distributed operating systems.(Chap 1: 1.1 – 1.5, Chap 2: 2.1 – 2.7) 06 Hrs
Unit 2Structure Of The Operating Systems: Operation of an O.S, Structure of the supervisor, Configuring and installing of the supervisor, Operating system with monolithic structure, layered design, Virtual machine operating systems, Kernel based operating systems, and Microkernel based operating systems.(Chap 3: 3.1 – 3.8) 06 Hrs
Unit 3Process Management: Process concept, Programmer view of processes, OS view of processes, Interacting processes, Threads, Processes in UNIX, Threads in Solaris. (Chap 4: 4.1 – 4. 7) 06Hrs
Unit 4Memory Management: Memory allocation to programs, Memory allocation preliminaries, Contiguous and noncontiguous allocation to programs, Memory allocation for program controlled data, kernel memory allocation.
Unit 6File Systems: File system and IOCS, Files and directories, Overview of I/O organization, Fundamental file organizations, Interface between file system and IOCS, Allocation of disk space, Implementing file access, UNIX file system. Text (Chap 7: 7.1 – 7.8) 06 Hrs
Unit 7Scheduling: Fundamentals of scheduling, Long-term scheduling, Medium and short term scheduling, Real time scheduling, Process scheduling in UNIX. (Chap 8: 8.1 – 8.5) 07 Hrs
Unit 8Message Passing: Implementing message passing, Mailboxes, Interprocess communication in UNIX) (Chap 9: 9.1 – 9. 3) 05 HrsText book: 1. D.M.Dhamdhare, “Operating Systems A Concept based Approach” ,TMH, 2nd Ed, 2006.
Reference books 1. Silberschatz and Galvin, Operating Systems Concepts, John Wiley, 5th Edition, 2001.
( Stallings - OS 5th Ed. Pearson Edu. Look this book)*********************************************************************
Unit 1Brief History of B-ISDN and ATM: The pre-ISDN situation, the idea of the integrated services digital networks, B-ISDN and ATM. ATM-based services and applications: B-ISDN services according to ITU. 06 Hrs
Unit 2Possible implementation scenario for B-ISDN services, Existing ATM network services. Traffic management: Traffic control procedures and their impact on resource management. 06 Hrs
Unit 3Meechanisms to achieve a specified QoS, statistical multiplexing in ATM networks, congestion control. Signaling, routing and addressing: Introduction, protocol architecture for CS1, Meta signaling, ATM adaptation layer for signaling, Signaling protocols for CS1. 06 Hrs
Unit 4Requirements for CS2 and CS3 signaling protocols, Private network-network interface (PNNI), Broadband intercarrier interface (BICSI), ATM inter network interface (AINI), addressing issues. 06 Hrs
Unit 5The Internet and ATM: IP over ATM, next hop resolution protocol, SVC establishment, multicast and broadcast support for IP over ATM, IP version 6 over ATM, IP switching, tag switching and carrier scale internetworking. 08 HrsUnit 6 Local area networks and metropolitan area networks: ATM local area networks, local area network emulation, multiprotocol over ATM, metropolitan area networks. 06 Hrs
Unit 7ATM switching: Switching elements, switching networks, switches and cross connects. ATM transmission: Overview, B-ISDN local network topology and technology, Trunk
Unit 8Telephony over ATM, wireless ATM and mobile ATM, residential broadband solutions, intelligent network aspects of B-ISDN, Tariffing in B-ISDN, security in ATM networks, ATM application programming interface (API). 06 Hrs Text Book 1. Sumit Kasera and Pankaj Sethi, ATM Networks, TMH, 20012. Rainer Handel, Manfred. N. Huber, Stefan schroder, ATM Networks, 3rd Edition,
Pearson Education Asia, 2006
References3. Khalid Ahmed, Sourcebook of ATM and IP internetworking, Wiley interscience,
20024. Daniel Minoh, Client server applications on ATM networks, Prentice Hall, NJ, 1997
DIGITAL IMAGE FUNDAMENTALS: What is Digital Image Processing? fundamental Steps in Digital Image Processing, Components of an Image processing system, elements of Visual Perception. 06 HrsUnit 2
Image Sensing and Acquisition, Image Sampling and Quantization, Some Basic Relationships between Pixels, Linear and Nonlinear Operations. 05 HrsUnit 3Image Transforms: Two-dimensional orthogonal & unitary transforms, properties of unitary transforms, two dimensional discrete Fourier transform. 06 Hrs
Unit 4Discrete cosine transform, sine transform, Hadamard transform, Haar transform, Slant transform, KL transform. 07 Hrs
Image Enhancement: Image Enhancement in Spatial domain, Some Basic Gray Level Transformations, Histogram Processing,, Enhancement Using Arithmetic/Logic Operations, Basics of Spatial Filtering. 06 Hrs
Unit 6Smoothing Spatial Filters, Sharpening Spatial Filters, Image enhancement in the Frequency Domain, Sharpening Frequency Domain Filters. IMAGE ESTORATION: A Model of the Image Degradation/Restoration Process, Noise Models, Restoration in the Presence of Noise, Only-Spatial Filtering. 06 Hrs Unit 7Periodic Noise Reduction by Frequency Domain Filtering, Linear Position-Invariant Degradations, Estimating the Degradation Function. 07 Hrs
Unit 8 Inverse Filtering, Minimum Mean Square Error (Wiener) filtering.Geometric Mean Filtering. COLOR IMAGE PROCESSING: Color Fundamentals. Color Models, Pseudo color Image Processing.
07 Hrs Text Book:1. Rafael C.Gonzalez and Richard E.Woods, “Digital Image Processing”, Pearson Education, 2001, 2nd edition.Reference Books:
2. Anil K. Jain, “ Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing”, Pearson Education, 20013. B. Chanda and D. Dutta Majumdar, “Digital Image Processing and Analysis”, PHI, 2003(to be given by SG)***********************************************************
06EC 756:Video Engineering
Unit-1TV Fundamentals: Block schematic of TV systems, picture characteristics, luminous signal, bandwidth calculation, chromatic signal, composite video signal.Text 1: articles – 1.1 – 1.4, 2.1 – 2.6, 5.1 – 5.6 and 6.1 – 6.8 06 Hrs
Unit-2NTSC, PAL and SECAM Overview: NTSC overview, luminous information, color information, color modulation, composite video generation, color sub-carrier frequency, NTSC standards, RF modulation , stereo audio. PAL overview, luminance information, color information, color modulation, composite video generation, PAL standards, RF modulation, stero audio (analog).
SECAM overview, luminance information, color information, color modulation, composite video generation, SECAM standards, Tele text, Enhanced TV programming. Text 1: page no: 265 – 276, 288 – 297, 311 – 315, 381 – 388, 390 – 392.(note chapter 3 is in p. no. 11) 06 Hrs
Unit 3: NTSC and PAL digital encoding – decoding: NTSC & PAL encoding, luminance, Y processing, color difference processing, C modulation, analog C generation, analog composite video, clear encoding, NTSC & PAL decoding. Text 1 : Page no: 394 – 471 10 Hrs
Unit 4Video conferencing standards: (H.261 & H.263) - H.261, video coding layers, DCT, IDCT, video bit stream, block layer, still image transmission, H.263, video coding layer, GOB layer, MB layer, optional H.263 modes.Text 1: page no. - 472 – 518 06 Hrs
Unit 5MPEG 1, 2, 4 and H.261: Introduction, MPEG vs JPEG, Quality issues, audio overview, video coding layer, I P B, D frames, video bit stream, video decoding, real world issues.MPEG 2: Introduction, audio overview, video overview, video coding layer, enhances TV programming, IPMP.MPEG 4 over MPEG 2, H.264 over MPEG 2, SMPTEVC-9 over MPEG 2, Data broad casting, decoder consideration.MPEG 4 & H.264: Introduction, audio overview, visual overview, Graphic overview, visual layer, object description frame work, scene description, syndronigation of elementary streams, multiplexing, IPMP, MPEG 4 part 10 (H.264) video.Text 1: page no. – 543 – 554, 579 – 580, 581 – 595, 721 – 734, 736 – 759. 15 Hrs
Unit 6Digital video interfaces: pre video component interfaces, consumer component interfaces, consumer transport interfaces.Text 1 : page no - 100 – 136, 172 – 199Digital video processing: Rounding considerations, SDTV – ADTV Yeber transforms, 4:4:4 to 4:2:2 Yeber conversion, display enhancement, video mixing and graphic overlay.Text 1 : page no – 203 – 212IPTV: consideration, multicasting, RTS based solutions, ISMA, Broadcast over IP, DRM.Text 1: page no- 831 – 839 09 Hrs
Text 1 : Keith Jack, Video Demystified , 4th Edn, Elsevier, 2007Ref: R.R.Gulati, Modern TV Practice, 2nd Edn, New age Intl. publications.
(to be given by MNJ)***********************************************************
Elective- 3 Group C
06EC-761: Data Structure Using C++
Unit-1Introduction: Functions and parameters, Dynamic memory allocation classis, Testing and debugging. Data Representation, Introduction, Linear lists, Formula-based representation linked representation, Indirect addressing simulating pointers.( Chap 1: 1.1 – 1.5, Chap 3: 3.1 – 3.6) 09 Hrs
Unit-2Arrays And Matrics: Arrays, Matrices, Special matrices spare matrices.(Chap 4: 4.1 – 4.4) 06 HrsUnit-3Stacks: The abstract data types, Derived classed and inheritance, Formula-based representation, Linked representation, Applications.(Chap 5: 5.1 – 5.5) 05 Hrs
Unit-4Queues: The abstract data types, Derived classes and inheritance, Formula-based representation, Linked Linked representation, Applications.(Chap 6: 6.1 – 6.4) 05 Hrs
Unit-5Skip Lists And Hashing: Dictionaries, Linear representation, Skip list presentation, Hash table representation.(Chap 7: 7.1 – 7.5) 06 Hrs
Unit-6Binary And Other Trees: Trees, Binary trees, Properties and representation of binary trees, Common binary tree operations, Binary tree traversal the ADT binary tree, ADT and class extensions.(Chap 8: 8.1 – 8.8) 06 Hrs
Unit-1Continuous Wavelet Transform: Introduction, C-T wavelets, Definition of CWT, The CWT as a correlation. Constant Q-Factor Filtering Interpolation and time frequency resolution, the CWT as an operator, inverse CWT. 05 Hrs
Unit-2Introduction To Discrete Wavelet Transform And Orthogonal Wavelet Decomposition: Introduction. Approximation of vectors in nested linear vector spaces, (i) example of approximating vectors in nested subspaces of a finite dimensional liner vector space, (ii) Example of approximating vectors in nested subspaces of an infinite dimensional linear vector space. Example of MRA. (i) Bases for the approximations subspaces and Harr scaling function, (ii) Bases for detail subspaces and Haar wavelet.
Unit-3Mra, Ortho Normal Wavelets And Their Relationship To Filter Banks: Introduction, Formal definition of an MRA. Construction of a general orthonormal MRA, (i) scaling function and subspaces, (ii) Implication of dilation equation and orthogonality, a wavelet basis for MRA. (i) Two scale relations for (t), (ii) Basis for the detail subspace (iii) Direct sum decomposition, Digital filtering interpolation (i) Decomposition filters, (ii) reconstruction, the signal. 08Hrs
Examples of Wavelets: Examples of orthogonal basis generating wavelets, (i) Daubechies D4 scaling function and wavelet. (ii) band limited wavelets, Interpreting orthonormal MRAs for Discrete time MRA, (iii) Basis functions for DTWT.
Unit-5Alternative Wavelet Representations: Introduction, Bi-orthogonal wavelet bases, Filtering relationship for bi-orthogonal filters, Examples of bi-orthogonal scaling functions and wavelets. 2-D wavelets, 08Hrs
Unit-6Non-separable multidimensional wavelets, wavelet packets. Wavelets Transform and Data Compression: Introduction, transform coding, DTWT for image compression (i) Image compression using DTWT and run-length encoding. 06Hrs
Unit-7 (ii) Embedded tree image coding (iii) compression with JPEG audio compression (i) Audio masking, (ii) wavelet based audio coding. 06 Hrs
Unit-8Construction Of Simple Wavelets: Construction of simple wavelets like Harr and DB1.
Other Applications of Wavelet Transforms: Introduction, wavelet de-noising, speckle removal, edge detection and object isolation, Image fusions, Object detection by wavelet transforms of projections. 07 Hrs
1)Raghuveer M.Rao and Ajit S. Bapardikar, Wavelet transforms-Introduction to theory and applications, Person Education, 2000.
REFERENCE BOOKS2)Prasad and Iyengar, Wavelet transforms, Wiley estern, 2001.3)Gilbert strang and Nguyen Wellesley Wavelet and filter banks, Cambridge press, 1996.(consult Dr NK)
*********************************************************************06EC765: Modeling & Simulation of Data Networks*********************************************************************06EC-766: Speech Processing
Production and classification of speech sounds: introduction, mechanism of speech production. Acoustic phonetics: vowels, diphthongs, semivowels, nasals, fricatives, stops and affricates. 7 Hrs
Unit 2Time-domain methods for speech processing: time dependent processing of speech, short-time energy and average magnitude, short-time average zero crossing rate. 7 HrsUnit 3Speech vs. silence detection, pitch period estimation using parallel processing approach, short-time autocorrelation function. 7 Hrs
Unit 4Brief Applications of temporal processing of speech signals in synthesis, enhancement, hearing applications and clear speech 5 Hrs
Unit 5Frequency domain methods for speech processing: introduction, definitions and properties: Fourier transforms interpretation and linear filter interpretation, smpling rates in time and frequency. 8 Hrs
Unit 6Filter bank summation and overlap add methods for short-time synthesis of speech, sinusoidal and harmonic plus noise method of analysis/synthesis. 6 Hrs
Unit 7Homomorphic speech processing: Introduction, homomorphic system for convolution, the complex cepstrum of speech, homomorhic vocader. 7 Hrs
Unit 8Applications of speech processing: Brief applications of speech processing in voice response systems hearing aid design and recognition systems. 5 Hrs
Text book:1) L. R. Rabiner and R. W. Schafer, Digital processing of speech signals, Pearson
Education Asia, 2004.
References:1) T. F. Quatieri, Discrete time speech signal processing, Pearson Education
Asia, 2004(to be given by SPK/BASK)
(to be given by BASK( 2) B. Gold and N. Morgan, Speech and audio signal processing: processing and perception of speech and music, John Wiley, 2004
Unit 1Introduction To Wireless Communication Systems: Evolution and fundamentals, Examples of wireless communication systems, Paging systems, Cordless telephone systems, Cellular telephone systems, Trends in cellular radio and personal communication systems. 06 Hrs
Unit 2Mobile radio propagation: Free space propagation model, Ground reflection model, Large scale path loss, Small scale fading and multipath propagation, Impulse response model of a multipath channel. 06 Hrs
Unit 3Parameters of a mobile multipath channel, Multipath delay spread, Doppler spread, Coherence band width, Coherence time, Time dispersion and Frequency selective fading, Frequency dispersion and time selective fading, Concepts of level crossing rate and average fade duration 06 Hrs
Unit 4CELLULAR CONCEPT: Frequency reuse, Co-channel interference, Adjacent channel interference, Power control for reducing interference. 06 Hrs
Unit 5Improving capacity in cellular systems, Cell splitting, Sectoring, Hand off strategies, Channel assignment strategies, Call blocking in cellular networks. 05 Hrs
Unit 6Modulation Techniques Used For Mobile Radio: Amplitude modulation, Angle modulation, Digital modulation, Linear modulation, Constant envelopemodulation, Combined linear and constant envelope modulation, Performance of modulation in fading and multipath channels. 08 Hrs
Unit 7Equalization, Diversity And Channel Coding: Fundamentals of equalization, Equalizers in a communication receiver, Linear equalizers, Non linear equalization, Diversity techniques, RAKE receiver, Interleaving. 06 Hrs
Unit 8Wireless Systems And Standards: AMPS, ETACS, USDC, GSM – System architecture, Radio subsystem, Channel types, Frame structure, Signal processing in GSM; GPRS, CDMA Digital cellular standards, PACS. 06 Hrs
( to be modified – HDM/CRN)Text Books
1. Rapport T.S., Wireless Communications, Principles and Practice’, Prentice Hall, 2nd edition, 2002.
2. Kamilo Feher, Wireless Digital Communications, PHI, 1995.
1. Lee W.C.Y. Mobile Cellular Telecommunication, MGH, 2002.2. Proakis J.G. Digital Communications, MGH, 4th edition, 2002.3. John Mark and Weihua Zhuans, Wireless Communication and networking,
Prentice Hall, 2001.4. Andre Goldsmith, Wireless Communication, Cambridge, 1994.5. David Tse, Pramod Viswanath, Fundamentals of Wireless Communication,
Cambridge university press, 2005.6. Richardson, WCDMA Design Handbook, Cambridge university press, 2005.7. David Tse, Pramod Viswanath, Fundamentals of Wireless Communication,
Cambridge 20058. Andrew Richardson, WCDMA Handbook, Cambridge, 2005 (have only ½ references only)
Introduction: Overview of embedded systems, embedded system design challenges, common design metrics and optimizing them. Survey of different embedded system design technologies, trade-offs. Custom Single-Purpose Processors, Design of custom single purpose processors. 06 HrsUnit 2
RT level design and optimizing the design. General-purpose processors, General-purpose processor design. 08 HrsUnit3
Memory: Introduction, memory write ability and storage performance, common memory types, composing memory, memory hierarchy, Memory management unit, advanced memories. 5 Hrs
Unit 5 Interrupts : Basics - Shared Data Problem - Interrupt latency. Survey Of Software Architecture, Round Robin, Round Robin with Interrupts - Function Queues - scheduling - RTOS architecture. 8 Hrs
Unit 6Introduction to RTOS : Tasks - states - Data - Semaphores and shared data - operating systems services - Massage Queues - Mail Boxes - Timers – Events - Memory Management – Interrupts. Basic Design Using RTOS, Principles- An example encapsulating semaphores and Queues. 08 Hrs
Hard real-time scheduling considerations – Saving Memory space and power. Hardware software co-design aspects in embedded systems. 05 HrsTo be given by –CRV/SGRText Books: 1. Embedded System Design: A Unified Hardware/Software Introduction – Frank Vahid, Tony Givargis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.2002 (retained)2. An Embedded software Primer- David E. Simon, Pearson Education, 1999
References: 1. Raj Kamal, Embedded Systems: Architecture and Programming, TMH,
2. Embedded C programming, Barnett, Cox & O’cull , Thomson (2005) 3. Programming for embedded systems, K V K K Prasad, Vikas gupta, Avanish Das, Ankur Varma, Wiley (2002).
Elective-4 (Group D)
06EC-831: Distributed System PART-A
Unit-1Characterization of distributed systems: Introduction, Examples of distributed systems, Resource sharing and the web, Challenges. (Chap 1: 1.1 – 1.4) 06 Hrs
Unit-2System models: Introduction, Architectural models, Fundamental modes.
(Chap 2: 2.1 – 2.3) 06 Hrs
Unit-3Interprocess communication: Introduction, The API for the internet protocols, External data representation and marshalling, Clint-server communication, Group communication.
(Chap 4: 4.1 – 4.5) 07 Hrs
Unit-4Distributed objects and remote invocation: Introduction, Communication between distributed objects, Remote procedure call, Events and notifications.
(Chap 5: 5.1 – 5.4) 06 Hrs
Unit- 5Security: Introduction, Overview of security technique cryptographic algorithms, Digital signature, Cryptography progrmatics. (Chap 7: 7.1 – 7.5) 07 Hrs
Unit-6Time & Global states: Introduction, Clocks, Events, Process states, Synchronizing physical clocks, Global states, Distributed debugging.
Unit 1Services, mechanisms and attacks, The OSI security architecture, A model for network security (Chap 1: 1.1 – 1.4) 03 Hrs
Unit 2Symmetric Ciphers: Symmetric Cipher Model, Substitution Techniques, Transposition Techniques, Simplified DES, Data encryption standard (DES), The strength of DES, Differential and Linear Cryptanalysis, Block Cipher Design Principles and Modes of Operation, Evaluation Criteria for Advanced Encryption Standard, The AES Cipher.(Chap 2: 2.1 – 2.3. Chap 3: 3.1 – 3.7, Chap 5: 5.1 – 5.2). 09 Hrs
ISDN Applications overview, North American ISDN User’s Forum, Example ISDN Applications, ISDN in use Today, Summary
ISDN ImplementationsInterface Configurations in the United States, ISDN Services offered in the United States, Provisioning options in the United States, ISDN Activity in the United states, ISDN in the United states, International Implementations, of ISDN, summary(Chap 11: 11.1 – 11.5, Chap 12: 12.1 – 12.6) 09Hrs
UNIT 7ISDN Products
Local Exchange Equipment, Line termination Equipment, Terminal Adapters, ISDN Chip sets, Test Equipment, Applications Software, Summary.
() 05HrsISDN, B-ISDN and the Internet
Accessing the Internet, Why and How, ISDN, B-ISDN and Internet Protocols, Summary (Chap 13: 13.1 – 13.8, Chap 22: 22.1 – 22.3) 07Hrs
Text Books:1. ISDN- Concepts, Faculty & Services- Gary Kessler & Peter Southwick, 3e, McGraw Hill, 1997 Reference Books.
1. William Stallings, ISDN and broadband ISDN with frame relay and ATM, 4th
edition, Pearson education Asia, 2000.2. ISDN from concepts to applications – John Ronoyne, wheeler, 1993
Unit 1Introduction to Biomedical Signals: The nature of Biomedical Signals, Examples of Biomedical Signals, Objectives and difficulties in Biomedical analysis. 5 HrsUnit 2Electrocardiography: basic electrocardiography, ECG lead systems, ECG signal characteristics. 5 Hrs
Unit 3Basics of Digital Filtering: Digital filters, the Z-transform, elements of digital filter, types of digital filters, transfer function of a difference equation, the z-plane pole-zero plot, the rubber membrane concept. 6 HrsUnit 4Adaptive Filters: Principal noise canceler model, 60-Hz adaptive canceling using a sine wave model, other applications of adaptive filtering. 8 HrsPart B
Unit 5Signal Averaging: Basics of signal averaging, signal averaging as a digital filter, a typical averager, software for signal averaging, limitations of signal averaging. 8 Hrs Unit 6Data Reduction Techniques: Turning point algorithm, Fan algorithm, Huffman coding. 8 HrsUnit 7ECG QRS Detection: Power spectrum of the ECG, bandpass filtering techniques, differentiation techniques, template matching techniques, a QRS detection algorithm. 6 HrsUnit 8ECG Analysis Systems: ECG interpretation, ST-segment analyzer, portable arrhythmia monitor. VLSI in Digital signal Processing: Digital signal processors, high performance VLSI signal processing, VLSI applications in medicine, VLSI sensors for biomedical signals, VLSI tools, Choice of custom, ASIC, or off-the-shelf components.
Text Book:1. Biomedical digital Signal Processing - Willis J. Tompkins, PHI,2001(Verify)
Reference:1. Biomedical Signal Analysis – Rangaraj M. Rangayyan John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,
************************************************************************06EC835: High Performance Computer Networks
Unit 1Protocols and the TCP/IP suite, TCP, UDP, IP and IPV6. 06 Hrs
Unit 2High speed networks: Frame relay, ATM, high speed LANs. 06 Hrs
Unit 3overview of probability and stochastic process, queuing analysis, self similar traffic.
Unit 4Congestion control in data networks and internets, link level flow and error control, TCP traffic control 07 Hrs
Unit 5Traffic and congestion control in ATM networks, Overview of graph theory and least cost paths 07 Hrs
Unit 6Interior routing protocols, exterior routing protocols and multicast. 06 Hrs
Unit 5 Integrated and differentiated services, protocols for QoS support. 07 Hrs Unit 6Overview of information theory, lossless compression, lossy compression. 06 Hrs
TEXT BOOK1. William Stallings, High-Speed Networks and Internet: Performance and Quality
of service, Pearson Edu., 2001
REFERENCES1 Boisseau, M.Demange and J.M.Munier, High speed networks, John Wiley, 19942. Tere Parnell, Building High-Speed Networks, TMGH, 20003. James Sterbenz, Joseph Touch, High speed networking, 2000
(to be given by CRN)
06EC-836: Fuzzy Logic
Unit 1Introduction: Background, Uncertainty and imprecision, Statistics and random processes, Uncertainty in information, Fuzzy sets and membership, Chance versus ambiguity, Classical sets – operations on classical sets to functions, Fuzzy sets-fuzzy set operations, Properties of fuzzy sets. Sets as points in hypercubes. 7 Hrs
Unit 2Classical relations and fuzzy relations : Cartesian product, Crisp relations-cardinality of crisp relations, Operations on crisp relations, Properties of crisp relations, Compositions, Fuzzy relations-cardinality of fuzzy relations, Operations on fuzzy relations, Properties of fuzzy relations, Fuzzy Cartesian product and composition, Noninteractive fuzzy sets, Tolerance and equivalence relations-crisp equivalence relation, Crisp tolerance relation, Fuzzy tolerance, Max-min Method, other similarity methods. 7 Hrs
Unit 3Membership functions: Features of the membership function, Standards forms and boundaries, fuzzification, Membership value assignments-intuition, Inference, Rank ordering, Angular fuzzy sets. Neural networks, Genetic algorithms, Inductive reasoning.
6 HrsUnit 4Fuzzy-to-crisp conversions and fuzzy arithmetic: Lambda-cuts for fuzzy sets, Lambda-cuts for fuzzy relations, Defuzzification methods.Extension principle-crisp functions, Mapping and relations, Functions of fuzzy sets-extension principle, Fuzzy transform (Mapping), Practical considerations, and Fuzzy numbers Interval analysis in Arithmetic, Approximate methods of extension-vertex method, DSW algorithm, Restricted DSW algorithm, Comparisons, Fuzzy vectors. 6 Hrs
Classical logic and fuzzy logic: Classical predicate logic-tautologies, Contradictions, Equivalence, Exclusive or and exclusive nor, Logical proofs, Deductive Inferences, Fuzzy logic, Approximate reasoning, Fuzzy tautologies, Contradictions, Equivalence and logical proofs, Other forms of the implication operation, Other forms of the composition operation. 6 Hrs
Unit 6Fuzzy rule-based systems: Natural language, Linguistic hedges, Rule-based system-canonical rule forms, Decomposition of compound rules, Likelihood and truth qualification, Aggregation of fuzzy rules, Graphical techniques of inference. 5 Hrs
Unit 7Fuzzy decision making: Fuzzy synthetic evaluation, Fuzzy ordering, Preference and consensus, Multiobjective decision making under fuzzy states and fuzzy actions. 8 Hrs
Unit 8Fuzzy classification: Classification by equivalence relations-crisp relations, Fuzzy relations cluster analysis, Cluster validity, c-Means clustering-hard c-Means (HCM), Fuzzy c-Means (FCM), classification metric, Hardening the fuzzy c-Partition, Similarity relations from clustering. 6 Hrs
Text books:1) Timothy J. Ross, “Fuzzy logic with Engineering applications”, McGraw-Hill,
1) B. Kosko, Nural networks and fuzzy systems: A dynamical system approach, Peasrson Edu. 1991.
(by Yoganand -maths dept)
Elective -5 ( Group E)**********************************************************************06EC 841: Computer Architecture
Unit 1 Definition and Classification of Real time systems: Concept of computer control, sequence, loop and supervisor control, centralized, hierarchical and distributed systems,
Human Computer interface, hardware requirement for real time applications, specialized processors, interfaces, communications. 06 Hrs
Unit 2Special features of languages for real time application, review of data types, concurrency, exception handling, corountines, low-level facilities. Overview of Real time languages, modula 2 and Ada as a Real Time Languages. 06 Hrs
Unit 3Real Time Operating Systems: (PSOS+Vx WORKS). Scheduling strategies, priority structures, Task management, Real Time Clock Handler, Code sharing, Resource Control, Inter task Communication and Control, Example of Creating and RTOS based on modula 2 kernel; Practical Real Time Operating Systems. 10 Hrs
Unit 4Introduction to Design of Real Time Systems, Specification, Preliminary Design, multitasking Approach, monitors, Rendezvous. 05 Hrs
Unit 5Development Methodologies: Yourdon, Methodology, Ward and Mellor Method, HATLEY & Pribhai method, MASXOT, PAISLEY System. 04 Hrs
Unit 6Design analysis: Introduction, Petrinets, Analysis of Petri Nets, Scheduling problem Real Time Database, Real Time Vs General Purpose Databases, Transaction priorities and Aborts, Concurrency Control, Disk Scheduling Algorithms, Maintaining Serialization Consistency. 10 Hrs
Unit 7Fault tolerance techniques: Introduction, Faults, Errors and Failures, Fault types, Detection and Containment, Redundancy, Integrated Failure Handling. 06 Hrs
Unit 8Reliability evaluation: Introduction, Parameters, Reliability Models for Hardware, Software Error Models 05 Hrs
Text Book:1. C. M. Krishna, Kang. G. Shin, Real time systems, Mc Graw Hill, India, 1997
References: 1. Raj Kamal, Embedded systems, Tata Mc Graw Hill, India, 2005
2. Phillip. A. Laplante, Real-time systems design and analysis, second edition, PHI, 2005
3. Jane. W. S. Liu, Real time systems, Pearson education, 2005(to be given by CRV)
Unit 1Introduction: Communication model, Communication software, and communication protocol: Representation, Development methods, Protocol engineering process. NETWORK REFERENCE MODEL: Layered architecture, Network services and interfaces, protocol functions, OSI model, TCP/IP protocol suite, Application protocols
07 HrsUnit-2Protocol Specification: Communication service specification, Protocol entity specification, Interface specifications, Interactions, Multimedia protocol specifications, Internet protocol specifications. 06 Hrs
Unit-3Specification And Description Language (SDL): A protocol specification language: SDL, 06 Hrs
Unit-4Examples of SDL based protocol specifications, Other protocol specification languages. Protocol Verification And Validation, Protocol verification, Verification of a protocol using finite state machines. 06 Hrs
Unit- 5Protocol validation, Protocol design errors, and protocol validation approaches, SDL based protocol verification, SDL based protocol validation. 05 Hrs
Protocol Conformance Testing: Conformance testing methodology and framework, Conformance test architectures, Test sequence generation methods, Distribute architecture by local methods, Conformance testing with TTCN, Conformance testing of RIP, Multimedia applications testing, SDL based tools for conformance testing.
07 HrsUNIT-7Protocol Performance Testing: SDL based performance testing of TCP, OSPF, Interoperability testing, SDL based interoperability testing of CSMA/CD and CSMA/CA protocol using bridge, Scalability testing. 07 Hrs
UNIT-8Protocol synthesis: Synthesis methods, interactive synthesis algorithms, automatic synthesis algorithm, automatic synthesis of SDL from MSC protocol resynthesis.
06 Hrs Text book:
(1) P. Venkatarm and S. S. Manvi, Communication protocol engineering, PHI, 2004
References books(2) Adrian Farrel, The internet and its protocols, Elsevier, 2006(3) Black U, Computer networking; Protocols, Standards and Interfaces, Prentice
Hall, 1994(4) B A Forouzan, TCP/IP Protocol Stack, TMH, 2006(5) R Handel, S Sirodher, ATM networks: concepts, protocols & applications,
Unit 1Gsm architecture and internet: Introduction, GSM frequency bands, GSM PLMN, Objectives of a GSM PLMN, GSM PLMN Services, GSM Subsystems, GSM Subsystems entities, GSM interfaces, The radio interface (MS to BSC), Abits interface (BTS to BSC), A interface (BSC to MSC), Interfaces between other GSM entities, Mapping of GSM layers onto OSI layers, North American PCS-1990. 05 Hrs
Unit 2Radio link features in gsm systems: Introduction, Radio link measurements, Radio link features of GSM, Dynamic power control, Discontinuous transmission (DTX), SFH, Future techniques to reduce interface in GSM, Channel borrowing, Smart antenna.
Unit 3Gsm logical channels and frame structure: Introduction, GSM logical channels, Allowed logical channel combinations, TCH multiframe for TCH/H, CCH multiframe, GSM frame structure, GSM bursts, Normal burst, Synchronization burst, Frequency correction channel burst, Access burst, Data encryption in GSM, Mobility management, Location registration, Mobile identification. 06 Hrs
Unit 4Speech coding in gsm: Introduction, Speech coding methods, Speech code attributes, Transmission bit rate, Delay, Complexity, Quality, LPAS, ITU-T standards, Bit rate, Waveform coding, Time domain waveform coding, Frequency domain waveform coding, Vocoders, Full-rate vocoder, Half-rate vocoder. MESSAGES, SERVICES, AND CALL FLOWS IN GSM: Introduction, GSM PLMN services, Bearer services, Teleservices,
Unit 5Supplementary services, GSM service quality requirements, MSC performance, GSM messages, MS-BS interface, BS to MSC messages on the A interface, MSC to VLR and HLR, GSM call setup by an MS, Mobile-Terminated call, Call release, Handover.
Introduction, Data interworking, GSM data services, Interconnection for switched data, Group 3 fax, Packet data on the signaling channel, User-to-user signaling, SMS, GSM GPRS. 08 Hrs
Unit 6Privacy and security in gsm: Introduction, Wireless security requirements, Privacy of communications, Authentication requirements, System lifetime requirements, Physical requirements, SIM cards, Security algorithms for GSM, Token-based authentication, Token-based registration, Token-based challenge. 05 Hrs
Unit 7Planning and design of a gsm wireless netwoRK: Introduction, Teletraffic models, Call model, Topology model, Mobility in cellular / PCS networks, Application of a fluid flow model, Planning of a wireless network, Radio design for a cellular / PCS network, Radio link design, Coverage planning, Design of a wireless system, Service requirements, Constraints for hardware implementation, Propagation path loss, System requirements, Spectral efficiency of a wireless system, Receiver sensitivity and link budget, Selection of modulation scheme, Design of TDMA frame, Relationship between delay spread and symbol rate, Design example for a GSM system. 10 Hrs
Unit 8Management of gsm networks: Introduction, Traditional approaches to NM, TMN, TMN layers, TMN nodes, TMN interface, TMN management services, Management
requirements for wireless networks, Management of radio resources, Personal mobility management, Terminal mobility, Service mobility management, Platform-centered management, SNMP, OSI systems management, NM interface and functionality, NMS functionality, OMC functionality, Management of GSM network, TMN applications, GSM information model, GSM containment tree, Future work items. 08 Hrs
Text Book1) “Principles of Applications of GSM” Vijay K. Garg, Joseph E. Wilkes. Pearson
Reference Book1) GSM: Evolution towards 3rd Generation Systems, Z. Zvonar Peter Jung
(Editor), Karl Kammerlander Springer; 1 edition (December 31, 1998)2) GSM & UMTS: The Creation of Global Mobile Communication, Friedhelm
Hillebrand, John Wiley & Sons; edition 2001 (by CRN)******************************************************
06EC845: Radio Frequency Integrated Circuit******************************************************
06EC-846 OPTICAL COMPUTING:
Unit 1 Mathematical and Digital Image Fundamentals : Introduction, Fourier Transform, discrete Fourier transform, basic diffraction theory, Fourier transform property of lens , sampling and quantization, image enhancement, image restoration . 06 Hrs
Unit 5:Digital optical computing devices: Introduction, Nonlinear devices, Integrated optics, Threshold devices, Spatial high modulators, Theta modulation devices. 06 Hrs
Unit 6:Shadow-casting and symbolic substitution: Introduction, Shadow casting system and design algorithm, POSC logic operations, POSC multiprocessor, Parallel ALU using POSC, Sequential ALU using POSC, POSC image processing, Symbolic substitutions, Optical implementation of symbolic substitution, Limitations and challenges.
07 Hrs Unit 7:Optical Matrix Processing: Introduction, Multiplication, Multiplication using convolution, Matrix operations, Cellular logic architecture, Programmable logic array.