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Stress and Anxiety

Feb 22, 2016

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danika

Stress and Anxiety. Final Papers, final question. Question 3 on the final. Final Papers, final question. Conscious processing a “self-focus” model. State anxiety leads to an inward focus, in an attempt to control performance using explicit knowledge. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Stress and Anxiety

Stress and AnxietyFinal Papers, final questionQuestion 3 on the final

Final Papers, final questionConscious processing a self-focus model.State anxiety leads to an inward focus, in an attempt to control performance using explicit knowledge.Interference w automatic processing, leads to inappropriate controlled processing. (see DST, see Bernstein, see Wulf and so on)See also Fitts & Posner (1968) cognitive & automatic stages of learning

Final Papers, final question

Final Papers, final questionConscious processing a self-focus model.Mullen et al.s findings (putting accuracy)

Conscious processingDistractionSupports an attentional interpretation. Not conscious processing.Final Papers, final questionConscious processing a self-focus model.Mullen et al.s paperThe discussion is good, and is worth a read.Self vs. other focus relevant to all our stress-related modelsAlso see:

Holistic process goals less harmful than specific process goals

Final Papers, final questionStereotype threat, a self-focus model with a biasYoure self-focus will only impair you if you are aware of the stereotype and youre the one who is being stereotypedAssociated with increased mental workload in those who suffer it (decreased HRV)Its a cognitive control issue impairment is within the working memory for cognitive tasksWhat about non-cognitive tasks?Final Papers, final questionStereotype threat, a self-focus model with a biasSport tasksDistraction theory (Other-focus - WM capacity needed for performance, distracting thoughts reduce available capacity under anxiety conditions)Explicit monitoring theory (self-focus increased explicit attention to procedural task performance breakdown)Can both operate, but have different effects depending on task type.Final Papers, final question

Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 2006Final Papers, final questionStereotype threat, a self-focus model with a biasBeilock et al.Expt. 1

Mention of stereotype threat impaired performance Final Papers, final questionStereotype threat, a self-focus model with a biasBeilock et al.Expts. 2 & 3

Adding a dual task under stereotype threat improved performance the distraction helped.

Final Papers, final questionStereotype threat, a self-focus model with a bias

Final Papers, final questionIronic processingIntentional operating process Thoughts supporting desired outcomeeffortfulIronic monitoring processThoughts not supporting the desired outcomeUnconsciousIf mental capacity is lessened (stress), the operator is undermined while the monitor continues unaffected, so ironic thoughts increase and impair performance Final Papers, final questionIronic processingWegner et al. Expt. 1Mental load vs. no mental load, visual monitoring vs. noneIronic processing increased overshoot, monitoring (glowing putter) didnt.Final Papers, final questionIronic processingWegner et al. Expt. 2Mental load (count backwards in 3s) vs. physical load (hold a brick)Ironic processing increased overshoot, monitoring (glowing putter) didnt.Final Papers, final questionIronic processingWegner et al. Expt. 2

more unwanted movements occurred when people attempted to avoid such movements under load