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SPEAKING ANXIETY: WHAT PASSIVE LEARNERS CAN LEARN · PDF file SPEAKING ANXIETY: WHAT PASSIVE LEARNERS CAN LEARN FROM ACTIVE LEARNERS THESIS . Submitted in partial fulfillment of .

Jul 09, 2020

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    SPEAKING ANXIETY: WHAT PASSIVE LEARNERS CAN LEARN

    FROM ACTIVE LEARNERS

    THESIS

    Submitted in partial fulfillment of

    The Requirements for the Degree of

    Sarjana Pendidikan

    SARAS RESTUNINGTYAS

    112015087

    ENGLISH LANGUAGE EDUCATION PROGRAM

    FACULTY OF LANGUAGE AND ARTS

    UNIVERSITAS KRISTEN SATYA WACANA

    SALATIGA

    2019

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    COPYRIGHT STATEMENT

    The thesis contains no such material as has been submitted for examination in any

    courses or accepted for the fulfillment of any degree or diploma in any university.

    To the best of my knowledge and my belief, this contains no material previously

    published or written by any other person accept where due reference is made in the

    text.

    [email protected] Saras Restuningtyas and Gita Hastuti, M.A.

    All rights reserved. No part of this thesis may be reproduced by any means without

    the permission of at least one of the copyright owners or the English

    Language Education Program, Faculty of Language and Arts, Universitas Kristen

    Satya Wacana, Salatiga.

    Saras Restuningtyas

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    TABLE OF CONTENT

    COVER PAGE................................................................................................................... i

    PERNYATAAN TIDAK PLAGIAT ................................................................................ ii

    PERNYATAAN PERSETUJUAN AKSES .................................................................... iii

    PUBLICATION AGREEMENT DECLARATION ........................................................ vi

    APROVAL PAGE ............................................................................................................ v

    COPYRIGHT STATEMENT .......................................................................................... vi

    TABLE OF CONTENT .................................................................................................. vii

    LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................... ix

    ABSTRACT ...................................................................................................................... 1

    INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 1

    LITERATURE REVIEW ................................................................................................. 3

    Learning English ........................................................................................................ 3

    Learning Motivation .................................................................................................. 4

    Speaking Anxiety ....................................................................................................... 5

    Reasons of Learners’ Anxiety.................................................................................... 6

    Learners’ Strategies to Cope with Anxiety ................................................................ 8

    THE STUDY .................................................................................................................... 9

    Context of the Study ..................................................................................................... 9

    Participants of the Study ............................................................................................ 10

    Data Collection Instruments ....................................................................................... 10

    Data Collection Procedures ........................................................................................ 11

    Data Analysis Procedures .......................................................................................... 12

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    FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION .................................................................................... 12

    Reasons of Learners being Active .............................................................................. 12

    Reasons of Learners’ Anxiety .................................................................................... 16

    Passive Learners’ Reasons .................................................................................... 17

    Negative Attitude towards English ................................................................... 17

    Lack of Knowledge ........................................................................................... 18

    Fear of Making Mistakes .................................................................................. 19

    Fear of Getting Negative Responses................................................................. 20

    Seating Position ................................................................................................ 20

    Active Learners’ Reasons ...................................................................................... 22

    Fear of Making Mistakes .................................................................................. 22

    Fear of Getting Negative Responses................................................................. 23

    Lack of Knowledge ........................................................................................... 24

    Negative Self-Perceptions ................................................................................. 25

    Lack of Preparations ........................................................................................ 26

    Strategies to Overcome Anxiety .............................................................................. 27

    Passive Learners’ Strategies .................................................................................. 27

    Preparing and Practicing More ....................................................................... 27

    Softening Voices ................................................................................................ 28

    Active Learners’ Strategies ................................................................................... 29

    Preparing and Practicing More ....................................................................... 29

    Having Good Attitude towards English ............................................................ 31

    Avoiding Eye Contact ....................................................................................... 33

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    Doing Relaxation .............................................................................................. 33

    Daring to Take a Risk ....................................................................................... 34

    Thinking in a Positive Way ............................................................................... 35

    CONCLUSION ............................................................................................................... 35

    REFERENCES ............................................................................................................... 38

    ACKNOLEDGEMENT .................................................................................................. 40

    APPENDICES ................................................................................................................ 42

    LIST OF TABLES

    Table 1

    Integrative Motivation vs. Instrumental Motivation ....................................................... 13

    Table 2

    Active vs. Passive Learners’ Reasons of Feeling Anxious .............................................. 16

    Table 3

    Passive vs. Active Learners’ Strategies .......................................................................... 27

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    SPEAKING ANXIETY: WHAT PASSIVE LEARNERS CAN

    LEARN FROM ACTIVE LEARNERS

    Saras Restuningtyas

    112015087

    Abstract

    Speaking anxiety is a problem that is commonly found in foreign language learning

    and it could give negative impact for its goal in mastering foreign language (Tanveer,

    2007). This study concerned to analyze active learners’ strategies in conquering

    speaking anxiety in foreign language learning, thus passive learners could observe and

    apply those strategies in learning the foreign language. Data collection involved four

    time observations in order to find active and passive learners. Then, six active and six

    passive vocational high school learners in Salatiga who had experienced being anxious

    in speaking English was interviewed. The findings indicated that active learners and

    passive learners had different common reasons and strategies concerning speaking

    anxiety in foreign language learning. The conclusion pointed out that active learners’

    result could help passive learners with their efficient strategies which passive learners

    did not have; such as having good attitude towards English, avoiding direct eye

    contact with interlocutors, doing relaxation before and while speaking, daring to take a

    risk if having chances, and thinking in a positive way no matter what the

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