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SOL 5 Ancient Greece
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SOL 5 Ancient Greece. Geography Located on the Balkan and Peloponnesus peninsula You MUST KNOW Athens, Sparta, Troy, and Macedonia.

Jan 03, 2016

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SOLS 5

SOL 5 Ancient Greece1GeographyLocated on the Balkan and Peloponnesus peninsulaYou MUST KNOW Athens, Sparta, Troy, and Macedonia2

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4Political DevelopmentThe Mountainous terrain created separate city-states. (EX: Athens and Sparta They are located in Ancient Greece but they are completely different!)Poor farm land and overpopulation caused them to search of arable (farmable) land5ReligionGreek MythologyPolytheisticOffered explanations on:Natural phenomena, human qualities, and life eventsThe important godsZeus, Hera, Apollo, Artemis, Athena, AphroditeHint: If it is NOT a name of a planet, then it is Greek. 6SocialAll citizens were FREE ADULT MALES who had political rights and civic (government) responsibilityNO women, slaves, or foreigners allowed!

7AthensKnown for Direct Democracy (ADD Athens Direct Democracy)Important people are Draco and SolonThey were Tyrants who pushed for reform (Change)

8SpartaGovernment style was an OLIGARCHYMeans rule by a small group of peopleVery militaristic and aggressive*Remember the movie 300

9Persian WarsPersia v. Athens and Sparta (United)Important battlesMarathon and Salamis ResultGreece won and preserved its independence and continued innovations in government and cultureAlso known as the Golden Age of Pericles

10Peloponnesian WarAthens (Delian League v. Sparta (Peloponnesian League)Sparta wonResult- slowing of culture and weakening of political power11Golden Age of PericlesWhen?Mostly between the Persian and Peloponnesian WarsWhat happened?Pericles extended democracyAthens is rebuilt (Parthenon)

12Important PeopleAeschylus and SophoclesDramaHomer (Iliad and Odyssey) PoetryHerodotus and Thucydides HistoryPhidias SculptureArchimedes and Hippocrates (Medicine) ScienceEuclid and Pythagoras MathematicsSocrates, Plato, and Aristotle (SPA) -- Philosophy13Architecture

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15Macedonia and Hellenistic culturePhilip IIKing of Macedon and Conquered most of GreeceAlexander the GreatEstablished an Empire from Greece to Egypt and parts of IndiaHellenistic AgeBlend of Greek and oriental elementsSpread through trade16Alexanders Empire

17Show Me What You Know18Which list would best describe the people in the picture?A. Roman Gods & GoddessesB. Greek Gods & GoddessesC. Norse Gods & GoddessesD. Egyptian Gods & Goddesses

Picture of Zeus, Hades, Apollo, Hera, Aphrodite, Athena, Ares, Poseidon, Hephaestus & Artemis. 19The Parthenon was rebuilt by this man, who also extended democracy.

A. PericlesB. XerxesC. HerculesD. Draco

20What is an oligarchy?Rule by peopleRule by a king/queenRule by a tyrantRule by a small group21What was the biggest significance of the Persian Wars?Athens & Sparta realized their differences were too great, and they had to fight each otherAthens & Sparta united against a common enemy, the Persian Empire.It left Greece weak & vulnerable to attack by King Philip II of MacedonSparta was able to preserve its independence and continue innovations in government & culture22What was the biggest significance of the Peloponnesian War?Athenian victories at Marathon & Salamis left the Greeks in charge of the Aegean SeaAthens & Sparta united against a common enemy, the Persian Empire.It left Greece weak & vulnerable to attack by King Philip II of MacedonSparta was able to preserve its independence and continue innovations in government & culture23Which leader conquered most of Greece, & became its leader, after the Peloponnesian War?Alexander the GreatIvan the GreatPhilip IIRamses II24Which leader had an empire that stretched this far?A. Alexander the GreatB. Darius the GreatC. Ramses the GreatD. Ivan the Great

25I swear to fulfill to the best of my ability this covenant: I will do no intentional harm, I will try to benefit the sick, I will respect the privacy of my patients Which of the following Greeks would have made this quote?A. SophoclesB. HomerC. HerodotusD. Hippocrates26