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Feb 23, 2016
Slavery in America
Slavery in America
Origins of Slavery in Colonies1619: African laborers sold to Jamestown colony; treated like English indentured servants.Over time, colonies switch from using IS to using African slaves.
Slavery in AmericaRules regarding slavery gradually developedRacially basedLifelongGenerationalSeen as property with zero rights
Virginia Slave CodesDecember 1662Whereas some doubts have arisen whether children got by any Englishman upon a Negro woman should be slave or free, be it therefore enacted that all children born in this country shall be held bond or free only according to the condition of the motherSeptember 1667Whereas some doubts have risen whether children that are slaves by birth, and by the charity and piety of their owners made partakersof baptism, should by virtue of their baptism be made free, it is enactedthat the conferring of baptism does not alter the condition of the person as to his bondage or freedomOctober 1669 if any slave resists his master (or other by his master's order correcting him) and by the extremity of the correction should chance to die, that his death shall not be accounted a felony, but the master (or that other person appointed by the master to punish him) be acquitted from molestation, since it cannot be presumed that premeditated malice (which alone makes murder a felony) should induce any man to destroy his own estate.
Life Under Slavery & Resistance (pg. 77-78)What kind of work did the majority of slaves do?What are 2 other kinds of jobs that some slaves did?What are 3 ways that slaves maintained their African traditions?Outside of violent rebellion, what are 2 ways slaves resisted their masters?If you were captured and forced to live life as a slave in a strange, foreign land, what are 3 aspects of your culture youd try to hold onto?The Abolitionist MovementAbolitionism- movement calling for slavery to be outlawed.
William Lloyd GarrisonPublished newspaper The Liberator, which called for immediate emancipation (freeing) of slaves.
"I do not wish to think, or speak, or write, with moderation. . . . I am in earnest -- I will not equivocate -- I will not excuse -- I will not retreat a single inch -- AND I WILL BE HEARD."
Nat Turners RebellionNat Turner- believed he was chosen by God to free his people. Following an eclipse in 1831, he led an attack on 4 plantations, killing 60 whites. Is caught and executed.Leads Southern whites to tighten restrictions on African Americans.
Frederick DouglassBorn a slave; escaped owner in 1838; became a major leader and speaker for the abolitionist movement.
What, to the American slave, is your 4th of July? I answer; a day that reveals to him, more than all other days in the year, the gross injustice and cruelty to which he is the constant victim. To him, your celebration is a sham; your boasted liberty, an unholy license
Pro-Slavery vs. Abolitionism CartoonRead Proslavery Defenses on pg. 253With a partner, create a political cartoon demonstrating the two different sides of this issue. One side, draw a cartoon based on one of the pro-slavery arguments on page 253. On the other side, draw a cartoon showing how you think an abolitionist would respond to the pro-slavery argument.Have 3 sentences on the back explaining your cartoon.Should be colored.While the proslavery arguments obviously represent a racist point of view, dont use racial slurs in your cartoon (keep it school-appropriate). How big a percentage of white southerners do you think owned slaves?
Slavery In the SouthOnly about 1 in 4 families owned slaves.Less than 10,000 owned more than 50.Less than 3,000 owned more than 100.Why were Southern whites so protective of slavery?Reasons South supported slaveryCotton economy; relatively cheap labor force1840: U.S. producing more than sixty percent of the worlds cotton.Southern cotton helps fuel Northern industry and shipping.Upper South makes $ selling slaves to lower south.1860: 10 of the richest men in the U.S. lived in Mississippi.
What happens if all the slaves are freed?
Reasons South supported slavery
Fear of free African Americans;white supremacyThere never has yet existed in a wealthy and civilized society in which one portion of the community did notlive on the labor of the otherI fearlessly assert that the existing relations between the two races in the South forms the most solid and durable foundation upon which to rear free and stable political institutions.
Drawbacks to Cotton/Slave-based EconomyOver-reliance on one cropDepletion of soilEconomic inequality
Emancipation: Whats in it for the SouthImagine that youre back in the 1800s. Youre writing a general letter to the whole South, trying to persuade them that emancipating slaves/leaving the cotton based-economy behind will be beneficial to them. Explain in four sentences what changes they should make to their economy and how they can still prosper without slavery. Write this on your bell work paper.Westward Expansion & Slavery1819: 11 free states and 11 slave states; is Missouri going to be slave or free?
Westward Expansion & SlaveryMissouri Compromise: New states above Missouri will be free, below will be slave.
Texas 1820s: Mexico opens Texas to American settlement; offers huge land grants.Americans quickly outnumber Mexicans.Stephen Austin wants Texan independence.Meets with Mexican Pres. Santa AnnaImprisonedTexas revoltsTexas Revolution: 4 Questions1. What was the Alamo and what was its significance to the Texas Revolution? Why do you think its so famous?2. What happened at the Battle of San Jacinto? What was the result of the battle?3. Sam Houston requested that the U.S. annex Texas. What does that mean?4. Why were Americans divided over whether or not to annex Texas?