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Jul 13, 2020
Record No. 1969 /20
Shallow Stratigraphic Drilling, Northern Eromanga Basin
1963 - 64
R.R. Vine and MG. Galloway
SHALLOW STRATIGRAPHIC DRILLING' NORTHERN EROMANGA BASIN
R.R. Vine & M.C. Galloway
5 5 6
Introduction (Locality Fig. 1)
B.M.R. Richmond S.H. 1 (Fig. 2)
B.M.R. Richmond S.H. 2 (Fig.-3)
B.M.R. Longreach S.H. 1 (Fig. 4)
B.M.R. Longreach S.B. 2 (Fig. 5)
B.M.R. Jericho S.H. 1 (Fig. 6)
B.M.R. Longreach S.H. 3 (Fig. 7) B.M.R. Longreach S.H. 4 (Fig. 8) B.M.R. Longreach S.H. 5 (Fig. 9) B.M.R. Galilee S.H. 1 (Fig. 10)
B.M.R. Jericho S.H. 2 (Fig. 11)
B.M.R. Jericho S.H. 3 & 3A (Fig. 12)
Appendix - Lower Cretaceous macrofossils from B.M.R. Scout Holes Richmond 1 & 2, and Longreach 1, 2, 3, 4 & 5, by R.W. Day (Australian National University).
The information contained in this report has been obtained by the Department of National Development as part of the policy of the Commonwealth Government to assist in the exploration and development of mineral resources. It may not be published in any form or used in a company prospectus or statement without the permission in writing of the Director, Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology & Geophysics:
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.... B_e-.f..-.e .... r~;::.:n~c::;.;:t!'=-~· f,:....;(J;...;.r---.l5~c;;..;::o~ua.:.t...::~~():....;1 ~;""'ii ~I D3..L
BeC/dln!: c f/'ick fhi" l(Jm;"(Jre --- c rOI$-srr(1flfi~eI
f fitJe M lneeiiuAlt c CtJtlr.s~
Gypsum G/tlllcdni It!
C(Jre. itflm Der & r~~()verl
Drilled secfl41t: cafhn!s
FIG. 1 LOCALITY 8c REFERENCE To (UC""I'''''! A~CO,.tl4 I", /ztJ
SHALLOW STRATIGRAPHIC DRILLING, NORTHERN EROMANGA BASIN
Shallow stratigraphic drilling was carried out in 1963 and 1964. The programme was designed to supplement surface mapping of poorly-exposed sequences, and to provide fresh rocks for palaeontological study.
The drilling produced long cores, representative of most of the Cretaceous sequence in the northern Eromanga Basin, which confimed lithological interpretations previously made from rubbly outcrops.
Palaeontological studies showed that fossil collections from the rubbly eXposures of the tougher beds are representative of faunas in the sequence. The relationship of rock units to palynological divisio~ has been established with greater precision than was previously possible:
Shallow stratigraphic drilling was carried out in the northern Eromanga Basin in conjunction with the regional geological mapping during 1963 and 1964. The 1963 drilling was of limited scope, and has not been reported separately, although infomation derived from it was utilized in compiling the report on the 1963 mapping (Vine, Casey and Johnson, 1964). Some aspects of the 1964 drilling were reported by Vine et al (1965) in discussing stratigraphic problems of the area mapped in 1964.
One of the main problems in regional geological mapping in the northern'Eromanga Basin is lack of exposure. Although 'a good understanding of Cretaceous stratigraphy has developed (Vine & Day, 1965, Vine et al, 1961) it has been based mainly on the mapping of scattered weathered outcrops or rubbly exposures. Many of the stratigraphic relationships, and even much of the lithological description has been based on inferences fro~ rubbly outcrops, from the type of outcrop (or lack of it), or from the r~lative amounts of rubble remaining after weathering of the various units. The stratigraphic drilling has, therefore, been primarily planned for long, continuously cored intervals to confim or discredit the inferences drawn •
Z ~ 2
0 100'- ~ 3 - I;) 0
r- ~ 4 Z
7 ~=-4-==' ~----- Iset-
w II J r
J 12 2od-
IfDDSfOIK t dart gr87 t coapact. apparent 17 UDbed4ed. ca.xm. mica tlakea, rare IIICattered P1r1te, iUsbt17 calcareoue. mu.troua ocattered ebeU tr~ta.
at·l07' P7rite & calcite ti1liJ1g irnsuJ,ar Joint.
CAU:AREOUS SIIllSTOIiB, ,p&10 ';"'7, oUgbt17 triable, quart. 4~ ro1dapar(~> 1~, gla.uconite/rock trapnta 1~, calcareOWll cement ~I coarae-graiDed •.
~OIE. as 8().130' 1'& CAl£.IBlXlUS· SILtS'I'OHE, as 1,30-135'. "r;y thinl,J interbed.ded.
CAU:ARE0U5 SIIJI'S'l'OIiE, ao 130-135'.
I!ODS'!OJE, sa 80-130', lem1natec!, &: CAICABEOUS SILTSTOJE. as 130-135' t vsr, thi.n17 interbedded.
JttJIG1'ORE, as 8()...130' t ~ CAI:CAREOUS JmIm'OlIE, pale trrf17.
1Wlm'000, as 80-130'. with 8~attered verT. thin· bede at CAU:AREOtJS JroOO'l'OBE.
1mDS'r0BE, as 80-1)0'.
at' 182' &: 197' V8r7 thin bede ot caloareOl18 aUtstone.
KDt6'rOJE, dark S"71 with veq tblnl¥ interbedded or interludnated ca1careC\IUB aDd glaucOllitic snlPsroBE, pale gre7, ncm-tisslle, N.ne·grained and grading to mudstone.
Secondary objects were mainly palaeontological:
(1 ) to check that macrofaunas in unresistant beds do not differ from those collected from more resistant (generally calcareous) beds;
to provide fresh material for palynological examination in order to relate palynological divisions to the lithological units; and
to provide stratigraphicallY controlled material in an attempt to establish the foraminiferal succession.
In general-the lithological inferences have been validated by the continuous cores, thus giving confidence in the present system of mapping. Macropalaeontological work on the ~ores by R.W. D~ (Australian National University) has supported the observa.tions made on-surface samples. The results are included as an a~pendix-to this report. A palynological - study is reported by Burger ~ 1968a). Foraminiferal studies have, so far, lagged behind the lithological examination. This has been mainly because the palaeontologists concerned have had more urgent work to do. However, G.R.J. Terpstra (B.M.R.) -is in process of c8.rrying out a micropala.eontological examinat~on of the cores; his results will be reported separately.
Logging of the cores and cuttings was carried out in the field- by meinbers of -the field parties·'·(D. J. Casey of Geological Survey of Queensland in 1963 and 1964-, aild M.C. Gallow~, W. -Jauncey and R;R. Vine -of the--Bureau of Mineral Resources in 1964). The rate of logging was controlled by the - rate of drilling, and this meant that some logging had to be unduly hurried. All the core was rei-logged in detail- -early in 1965 in Canberra by M.C. Gallow~ using a X30 binocular rilicroscope. Results of the individual holes are discussed separately below.
Naming of the holes is serial by 1;250,000 sheets, i.e. B.M.R. Richmond S.H.2 refers to the second scout hole drilled-by the Bureau of Mineral Resources in the Richmond 1: 250-,000 Sheet area. Locali ties of the two holes in-the Richmond Sheet area will be shown on the First Edition of the Sheet, localities in Longreach, Jericho and-Galilee Sheet areas are shown on the Preliminar,y Editions~ The holes are listed in the order drilled. Approximate locations are shown in Figure 1.
B.M.R. RICHMOND S.H.1. (Figure 2) . - - .. - -. .,'. . -
Position: -RICHMOND, Grid Reference 166399, 17 miles WNW of Hughenden- and 5 -miles NNW or- Boree Railw~ Station. Started near the top of the Ranmoor Member of the Wallumbilla Formationo
Z a I- ...J .-..1 < 3
~ W I- If)
Objectives: (a) to obtain a long continuous core in the Ranmoor Member; which normally does not form outcrops.
to relate' the lithological divisions of the Wallumbilla Formation (Doncaster, Jones Valley and Ranmoor Members in ascending order) to the Dingodinium cerviculum microplankton zone of Evans (1964).
to investigate a hypothesis of party members that the marked difference between the 'faunas of the Roma and Tambo Series of Whitehouse (1926, later - 1954 - called 'Formations l ) is due to lack of collections from a non-outcropping part of the sequence~ (Subsequent palaeontological determinations of collections from the Ranmoor lI1fember near Glendower Station latf!r supported this hypothesis - D~, in Vine et al, 1964).
Drille'd to bas