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Oct 29, 2019
Scaffolding Sam Arzon, Archana Sabesan, Yejin Song
1. What is scaffolding?
3. Video Discussion
5. Scaffolding Practice
6. Advantages & Disadvantages
7. Points to Consider
8. Closing Remarks & Questions
What is Scaffolding?
• An instructional technique that promotes a deeper level of learning.
• Support given to students as they develop the skills they need to become independent, self-regulated learners.
Contingency + Fading + Transfer of responsibility = Scaffolding •Determine student’s current level of competence •Gradually withdrawing support depending on student’s level of development •Responsibility for learning is slowly transferred to the learner
Scaffolding ≠ help
Here are some strategies:
• Guided notes
• Reading buddies
• Using manipulatives
• Teacher prompting
• Chunking • Graphic organizers • Immediate & appropriate
feedback • Progress monitoring
Now it’s YOUR turn!
• Scenario: • You are a second grade teacher and are preparing to teach a math lesson
on regrouping in addition, which involves “carrying over” values when adding multiple digit numbers. The objective is to teach students the concept of regrouping across place value.
• Talk with your partner about how you can scaffold this lesson for your students.
Here is what we suggest:
• Lay the foundation: • Explain and model skill and concept
• Pull back gradually: • Observe and provide immediate feedback.
• Support and re-engage: • Provide direct feedback • Repeat instruction as necessary • Transfer into student work
Advantages & Disadvantages of Scaffolding
Advantages: • The teacher is able to minimize failure and decrease frustration. • When used appropriately, can meet the needs of most students.
Disadvantages: • When used correctly, it is extremely time consuming. • The teacher must also give up some control in order to let learners
move at their own instructional pace.
Points to consider...
• What different kinds of scaffolding are found in technology- rich environments?
• Why are these scaffolds needed by learners?
Coffey, H. (2009, February 1). Scaffolding. Scaffolding. Retrieved April 1, 2014, from
Puntambekar, S., & Hübscher, R. (2005). Tools for scaffolding students in a complex learning environment: What have we gained and what have we missed? Educational Psychologist, 40,1–12.
Van de Pol, J., Volmana, M., & Beishuizen, J. (2012). Promoting teacher scaffolding in small-group work: A contingency
perspective. Teaching and Teacher Education, 28, 193-205.
Van de Pol, J., Volman, M., & Beishuizen, J. (2010). Scaffolding in Teacher-Student Interaction: A decade of research.
Educational Psychological Review, 22, 271-296. DOI:10.1007/s10648-010-9127-6.
Van Geert, P., & Steenbeek, H. (2005). The dynamics of scaffolding. New Ideas in Psychology, 23,115–128.