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Savarkar Poems

Oct 05, 2015

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This contains poems of Vir Savarkar
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  • e Sahity Pratishthan

    eleventh floor

    eternity, G1102

    estern express highway

    Thane. 400604

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    esahity@gmail.com . , . .

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    www.esahity.com

  • .

    Himani Savarkar,

    Savarkar Bhavan, Raja Thakur Path, Shanivar Peth, Pune.

    tel :+912025544751

    Internet Rights are with Swatantryaveer Savarkar Rashtriya Smarak Trust, Dadar, Mumbai

  • .

    1. lr_V gdmAr _mYdamdmMm aJ

    (OmoV dJm) (\$Q>H$m) ([naM` gmdaH$amZr d`m`m AH$am`m dfu aMc{cm \$Q>H$m m \$Q>`mV H$od dmV`dra gmdaH$amMm AJXr

    chmZ[Ur Pmc{cm ]IatMm [naM` `mZmV `{Vm{M; [U, ^mH$amMmhr [m{dmS>m `m`m Adcm{H$ZmV Am`mM{ Am{iIVm `{V{.)

    Y` Hw$cm_qY YZr gdmAr ^m` Y`Mr am`mM| $& g{dH$ hmVt `epd AgVr [w` oH$Vr `m [m`mM| && 1 lr_VmM{ ^m`Vm[| mXe df} ]h l_c{ $& AQ>H{$cm Ona[Q>H$m am|odoV [whm gdOU MQ> Z_c{ && 2 aO[yVmXr eya na[yhr lr_Vmgr eaU Ac{ $& _m|Jc[qVZt g hm{AwoZ doOa[Xmgr Ao[`c| && 3 oOH$S>{ oVH$S>{ Zm_ [{ed{ H$mi ewgr dmQw>oZ`m $& O|V Pmcr ]h emVVm na[y gd h{ hQy>oZ`m && 4 ZmM oeH$mar aJ V_me{ O|V hm{Vr oZ` [hm $& lr_VmZt ]{V R>aodcm aJ H$amdm Agm _hm && 5 am`mMm H$c [mhoZ gdoh X{Vr gda $H$mam $& hf hm{Vg{ dfoV[X{ [w`mV Pmcm [yH$mam && 6 gaH$mamZt gaXmamZt gH$cOZmZt Xm| aVt $& aJ H$am{Zr oR>H$oR>H$mqUhr H{$oc gwem{o^V Vr dVr && 7 [mJ{ [WH{$ _mZH$ar AmoU H$ma^mna h{ gaXmam $& lr_V ^w _mYdam`mghrV Amc{ Xa]mam && 8 qOht am{odcm _hmVm[| Ona[Q>`mcm AQ>H{$cm $& _hmXOrMr dmar Amcr gaH$mamZm `m`mcm && 9 hmr Km{S>{ \$mO Agm hm g_mO gdoM _rimcm Amkm H{$cr lr_V| _J gwdmV H$am I{imcm $&& 10 AwSy> cmJc{ Jwcmc [{ hmX I[odc{ \$mO{Z| $& aJmM{, oH$oV I{iwZ dmar dmS>m_`| _mO{Z| && 11 ZVa dmar oVga{ hat oZKmoc ehat WmQ>mZ| $& dmS>m S>mdm KmcwZ J{cr ]wYdmamM{ dmQ>{Z| && 12 [wT>| odcgV{ _w` dmar gd| WmQ> A]m`mMm $& Mq]] lr_V AdmVa H$me [S>cm Vm`mMm && 13 o[MH$m`mMm _ma Omhcm \$ma V{Ydm ]wYdmat $& dmar H$m[S>AmitVyZr I{iV Amcr aoddmat && 14

  • hna[VmM{ dmS>m[mer aJ H{$ear CS>dwoZ`m $& dmar J{cr ZmJPatVwZ aJ H{$ear VwS>dwoZ`m && 15 amV{ `mM{ [{R>{_ |` [mQ> cmJc{ a`mZt $& J`md$Zr ]] cmdwZr aJ AwS>odcm am`mZt && 16 gcm_ _wOa{ gd amohc{ XJ Omhc{ aJmZt $& m[mna Og{ aJ H$aodc{ ^JdmZ lraJmZt && 17 ehna o^Oodc{ H$H$ ]Jc{ MmH$ Jwcmc| aJmZt $& m[mna Og{ dX o^Oodc{ ^JdmZ lraJmZt && 18 PwH$V PwH$V g_wXm` MmcVr dmar `{ _J dmZdS>r $& ZVa aJm Ama^ Pmcm ZmM hm{AyZr Xm{Z KS>r && 19 cmIm| hmX{ AySy> cmJc{ o[MH$m`mMm _ma AVr $& Pmoc a{ Pmcr JXu A{H$oM dUmdr Vr [hm oH$Vr && 20 Xm| Xm| hmVt Jwcmc ^aVr cmc N>V oXg{ ]wXmV $& hm`dXZ _J amd em{^Vr eya oe[mArdXmV && 21 ZVa Agm aJ I{iwZr AwR>c{ ZmZmcm Om`m $& AJoUV `m jqU Vm[w cmJ`m gwJoY [m`m`m H$T>`m && 22 d{Jd{Jit gwJY V{c| am`mcm cmdm`mcm $& Aw^{ amohc{ ]mU K{AwoZ Kmcm`mV| hm`mcm && 23 AdUoZ`em WmQ>mZ| H$s Pmct gdmMr ZmZ| $& gdmgr _J dmQw>oZ oXYct AZV d| qemZ| && 24 Zdt c{dwZr d| [wZao[ {`oV gdhr Xa]mam $& ZmM Omhcm gw$ hm{AwZr [mZgw[mar hmaVwam && 25 _J qemZt lr_VmZm oea[|M Vwam Zd Ao[`c{ $& Vg|M gdm OZmg X{Im A_m{c [m{emIm oXYc| && 26 gy`q]] cmrV hm{nAg| ohcmc cmdwoZ _J amr $& AwcQ>r [aV{ dmar gdoh gJ| ZmZmXr _r && 27 em{^ m ]KVr ZaZmarJU oMamH$XmZ| cmdwoZ`m $& JOamZ| AoV dmar {`Vr dmS>m_`| K{AwoZ`m && 28 - ^Jya, 1894

  • 2. ZmoeH$ `{Wrc oA. g. 1897`m JU{em{gdgJr aMc{`m Am`m (JrnV)

    dXwoZ W_ ^dmZr dUu J{`m JU{eAwgmhm $& H$s qhXw ]mYdmgr AmYmaoM H$m_Y{Zw dgm hm $&& 1 && Ona [w`[mZmg_ JO]Ocm Zm Var Agm_m` $& Pmcm Vm{Mr ]h H$s cKwgm^oh OZt Ogm _m` $&& 2 && W_ MVwWu `{Vm AwH$Q> AmZX^naV OZ Pmc{ $& ^md| gH$cOZmZt oedHw$_am JUdamog AmR>dc{ $&& 3$ && hm{V{ _{i V`maoM Ona MmaoM Vna ]hV gwXa V{ $& JUamOH$soVYrcm em{^ { gwXa H$amoM ]X aV{ $&& 4 $&& `m oZoe [wamU JXu JUam`m Jmd`mg Jd`mMr $& cQ>[Q> OZ IQ>[Q>Vr _wH$c{ O{ `m H$emg Md `mMr $&& 5 $&& aVm{aVr VodVr JUam`m dXoV ""Vma Am`m `m'' $& ^wOr, Ag haha oMaVr MaMa hOma Jm`m `m $&& 6 $&& `m Am`mMm [X_cV{O e_m`m hamoX IQ>[Q>Vr $& XoX`_mZ ]mU Jm{a{ V{Mr ]KyZ cQ>[Q>Vr $&& 7 $&& Or am_H$Udmg| gj{| [mdct Aem gw[Xm $& haha `mVoM ]mU ^m{oJoV oZ]YZ| gXm A[Xm $&& 8 $&& `m eya [ydOmZr Ona[oQ>H$m W{Q> AQ>qH$ \$S>H$odcm $& `mM{M Amhr deO `mS>mH$oV `m H$Wmog ZS> H$odcm $&& 9 $&& AmO odOm[wa AwXoAH$ oXr H$s Mmcc{ [hmiJS>m $& amd ^amar O{W{ hr pWVr V{W|oM cmOdr XJS>m $&& 10 $&& amOm [aH$s oejU [aH$s c_roh Omhcr [aH$s $& AmVm ^m{ X`mim, VwOodU H$m{UrM Zm na[y hmH$s $&& 11 $&& Vna JUam`m g_`m H$na `m ]Xcm Yam ham A[Xm $& A[amY j_m hmd{ h{ XrZ VwP{oM XmgMr VdroV [Xm $&& 12 $&& Zada odZha ^w gwIH$a ^`ha _amna o` A_am $& AOam odmYmam ^$dam VwO Z_m{Vw oedHw$_am $&& 13 $&&

  • 3. dX{erMm \$Q>H$m ([naM` hm \$Q>H$m gmdaH$amZr gZ 1898 _`{ hUO{ `m`m d`m`m 15`m dfu aMcm AmoU Vm{ `mM dfu

    [w`m`m OJoV{Nw> m dm[mV og Pmcm.) Am `]Yw hm{ AwR>m AwR>m H$m _R>mgmaI{ ZQ>m gXm $& hQ>m gm{Sw>oZ H$Q>m H$$ `m c|N>[Q>m Zm Y$ H$Xm && 1 H$m_ram`m emcr `OwZr Ac[mH$mcm H$m ^wcVm $& _c_c `OwZr dcdc oMmt hchcH{$ [Q> H$m dnaVm? && 2 amO_h|r MrQ> `Om{Zr odQ>H|$ oMQ> V| H$m K{Vm $& Xd| o_iVm dmoQ> BpN>Vm Zam{oQ> Zmht H$m AmVm? && 3 ZmJ[yaM| a{oe_ ^mg{ VmJ[Q>mg| [na [a`m $& a> ]ZmVr _> cm{H$ hm{ _Ay$ cmJVr Vwhm H$`m? && 4

    {`doc gm{Sw>Z o[Vm]amZm odOma H$a`m goQ>Z [hm $& ]{OmaoM Vwph ZQ>md`m_qY odMma H$aVm{ H$m{oU Z hm && 5 H{$oc AZmWm VwhrMr dV _J AWmVoM H$cm ]wS>{ $& J{c| YZMr Z{c| hZr _{cm Vwph Vna H$m{U aS>{? && 6 Aa{ A[UMr [ydu hm{Vm| gH$c H$bmMr ImU Ahm $& ^aV^yo_`m Hw$et Xr[ V{ H$cH$ AmVm Ahr [hm && 7 OJ^a ^Zr Awacm hm{Vm Zwacm AmVm `m[ma $& gH$chr H$cmo^k V{Ydm Ak AVm Amph na[w Wm{a && 8 oZo_`cr _`g^m AmphoM Zm [mS>d oH$naQ>r AmR>dm a{ $& _> cm{H$ hm{ cmO H$mqhVna? c> AgwoZ eR> ]Zcm| a{ && 9 Am_\$cm`m H$m{` r_ |` Ym{VaOm{S>m dg{ VXm $& hm{V{ O{W| oV]{Mr, oYH$ Amph O_woZ A[dmXm && 10 h{ [aH{$ haH$mq_ IwcodoV ^wcodoV dada dmM{Z| $& `dhmar naV Ag{ ]am]a gXm ham_r dmrZ| && 11 H$m_Y{ZwH$m ^aV y^o_H$m AgwoZ _mJ{ H$m Vr o^jm? $& gh H$m{gmdZr Imgm [H$m haVm{ w^Xrjm && 12 Z{AwoZ H$m _mc Am_wMm X{Vr gmMm [$ [| $& Am_`mdar [m{Q> ^ar [na Wm{na H$emMr Var I[{ && 13 [hm V`mMr hrM arV hm{ o_Vr Zg{ `m c]moS>cm $& ZmZm H$_} ZmZm d_} X{e Agm hm cw]moS>cm && 14 oZ_wct hmVm_Ycr \$S>H$s \$S>H$V ZmZm dO daVt $& hS>{ch[g{ H$oZ oe[mAr oZKV gdmar OJ^a Vr $&& 15 ZmZm[naM{ aJ ^arVr aJ[w[ V| XJ H$ar & _m{a H$mdi{ [mad{ gg{ m[X odMaoV Vt ]H$at && 16 amOJh| Jm{[wa| PiH$Vr _Oc{ gOc{ `m_YwZr $& gwXa Zmar XwIhf^ na ]KVr em{^ m `m VUr && 17 ZmZm OmVr o[H$cr e{Vr Jma hrad| d Yar $& ^mV ]mOar Jh JmOar AmN>moXoc hr ^yo_ ]ar && 18

  • AJZJ J{c{ JJZ Mw]`m gd| Wm{a ]h H$m{amH$s $& ^mg [wfMr oZOmqH$ ]gdr dmZXmZ| [m{am H$s && 19 ZmZm Agt odoM oM| XmodoV Vwhm ^wcYXm $& Vwhroh ^wcVm ]KVm K{Vm jUmV d[Q>mcm qZXm && 20 `mcm AmVm Aw[m` ]adm A{H$s H$adm _Z ^adm $& Am{Vm{V Ao^_mZ| hadm X{er YX{ [Q> Yadm && 21 [aH{$ dada oH$Vroh ]m{coV Jm{S>Jm{S> Vna _qZ g_Om $& gwXa `mZt Ag{ AogcVm KmVoM hm{nAc PQ> Aw_Om && 22 amd]moO Ona JmoO Ohmc{ am`]wS>mAy Vna _w` $& g` Ag| [a`mM| `mM| Jm{> Xq` hr Y cI && 23 da Q>mHw$ `m `mVd cdH$a Ia H$am{ [a_{a Vr $& oZ` Pmcm _mJ| A[wcm [aX{oe [Q>| Zm Y Vt && 24 McmMcm OmAw `m K{Aw `m X{oe [Q>mcm [Q>m[Q>m $& OmS>|^aS>| JS>{ H$g|hr Agm{ g{dw [na PQ>mPQ>m && 25 Zm [ey `m [ey[Q>mcm _Ay da, odImaoM ^mdy $& K{D$ IS>Va AVt gwIH$a Y_oM _mZwoZ`m OmAy && 26 AmOdar Ona ^wccm| Iwccm| VH$[Q>mcm AodMma| $& OmAy$ m Mcm JVJm{>tM| ZH$m{ _aUMr{ h|oM ]a| && 27 `ImoU hr Im{a| K{AwoZ [aH$s [m{a| IUVr a{ $& A{H$oMm `m H$ JS>mZm{ odm qOHw$ V| [wZao[ a{ && 28

    od {na11 Vr Zmam`oU hr `_hnaha AoX gwadnaUr $& H$_ogogr Xmdm{ Z{AyoZ _m{X X{oV oZO^$OZt && 29 Xa AkmZr aOZr Omdm{ gmJ H$mem{ aod Wm{a $& damd`mcm aZ[Q>mcm H$am{ Am` V{ aU Km{a && 30 H$odVm$[r _mcm A[u Am ` ]wYmcm gmWH$ hm{ $& ^$mH$adt _Z X{dmgr g{dm`mgr A[U hm{ && 31 - ZmoeH$, 1898

    1 . m \$Q>`m`m 29 oZ 30 H$S>`m`m Mma Am{itV H$odd` "odZm`H$ Xm_m{Xa gmdaH$a' `mZr

    eXmeXm`m AmmjamVyZ Am[c| Zmd H$g| MmVw` mZ{ Jw\$c{ Amh{ V| `m H$odVmVrc R>iH$ Ammjamd$Z `mZmV `{Arc.

  • 4. \w$Q> H$odVm

    (1) cm{. oQ>iH$mZm d$ oApN>Um`m VwoV oZ H$soV (_mocZr)

    Aw[da VwoVH$`{, _mZcm ]mi ^mar $&& [na gdoV^`| Vm{, oZ` VrV| oZdmar $&& H$oZ _J JwUmhr, `w$ `mV| gwH$R>r $&& T> H$diwoZ AmVm oZ` Vr H$mi H$R>r $&& 1 $&&

    (oeInaUr) Xwam{Zr AH$m{Zr daJwUJwUmcwY a_Ur _Jmjr H$soV `{ oQ>iH$ da`m AwgwH$ _Zt $&& [at H$mamJmat dgV Z H$im{Zr Z ^dZr $&& o`mV| em{Ym`m ^Q>H$V o\$a{ Vr o^wdZt $&& 2 $&&

    (h{ Xm{Z m{H$ cm{H$_m` am.oQ>iH$mda V{ H$mamJhmV AgVmZm (^m{OZg_`r) aMc{ Amh{V. gZ 1898.)

    (2) c{J

    (emXycodH$roS>V) X{Im{Zr AoVa` WmZ AwVa{ Om{ _w]Ar ]Xat $&& `m gma{ O[Vr; da| c[oV `H$m{Y| XarH$Xat $&& oOkmgm YZr Kam{Ka g_mMmamg Om{ K{Vg{ $&& VrW} j{[wa| og ZJa| Amcm{H$`m OmVg{ $&& 1 $&& Agm hm Z[amO c{J ^Q>H{$ X{emV m `m gd| $&&

    {^Q>{ Om{ OZ `mg XS> H$naVm{ H$mim Z Om{ gm{gd{ $&& X{Vm{ emgZ _yfH$mH$Sw>Z H$s _r `{V Amh{ hQ>m $&& OmJm m; _J XoS>Vm| [ioVZm [{Q>m{oZ`m O{ hQ>m $&& 2 $&&

    (3) H$mimg Z_Z

    (emXycodH$roS>V) `m H$mimg Agm{ gXm Z_Z Om{ ZmX{ gwI| S>m{cVm $&& dmVm hmQ>odVm; oMaoOd R>a{ dmVm_Om Vm{cVm $&& Om{ _mJ{ [aV{ Z c{e H$qY Om{ Zm Wm]Vm{ MmcVm $&& H$[rVm odVi{; aVr^a Z ^yH$[{oh Om{ hmcVm $&& 1 $&& _mJm AmH$o_Vm gXm H$naVg{ H$m{Q>mZwH$m{Q>r H$Vr $&& `mht gw> OZmg g\$c o_i{. Xw>m OZm odH$Vr $&& kmVm Om{ oAoVhmgqMVH$ Agm [md{ gwIm cm{qH$ Vm{ $&& `mgmR>r JVdfdm g_wXm`mcmqJ Amcm{oH$Vm| $&& 2 $&&

  • (4) qhXwWmZMr gpWVr A`m{o$`- 1. ewH$m`m{q$

    (_mocZr) dqZAw[dqZ `mhr a` djm darc{ $&& gw\$c gag Vm{` m _marV{ darc{ $&& AwSw>oZ [Sw>oZ K{Vm{ ]R>H$m gmO`mhr $&& Ahhh! ewH$gm Vm{ q[Oat AmO amhr $&& 1 $&&

    2. H$m{oH$cm`m{o$ (_mocZr)

    Sw>cV Vdam`m Aw ^mJr VJmd| $&& [dZg_q` Pm|H{$ K{V gXJrV Jmd| $&& `wdoV ^dqV `m`m em{^Zm Am`H$m`m $&& o[H$ AoO Vd Q>m{Mr H$mH$ a{ hm` H$m`m $&& 1$&&

    3. H$_cm`m{o$ (_mocZr)

    gwaVZw- YdcmJr Omdr `mg drV{ $&& dH$a oeUdwZr`m _moZc| `m gIrV| && gH$c gwadam`m AmT>{ erf^mJr $&& H$_c gwHw$oZ J{c{ hm` amZt A^mJt $&& 1 $&&

    (5) dmV`X{drg dXZ (emXycodH$roS>V)

    Or`m Y` [XmaodX_H$aXm dmX`m PwOVr $&& lr_V`]H$ A]a{e Aocg{ JwOmadm JwOVr $&& dX`m _moZoV Ao]H$moXoVa_mZJmH$gJmg `m $&& lr _mJ` oedX{og Zo_Vm{ dmV`X{drg `m $&& 1 $&&

  • 5. lroQ>iH$-Am`^y ^{Q> (Imcrc Am`m cm{H$_m` oQ>iH$ VwJmVyZ gwQ>c{ V{hm `moZo_m o_imc{`m gwQ>tV H{$c{`m hm{`m. d` 15.

    gZ 1898 "OJoV{Nw>, [wU{' m [mV N>m[yZ Am`m hm{`m. $&& lr `m{J{ar g $&&

    am. am. OJoNw>H$V} `mg :- g. Z. od. ode{f - H$[mH$$Z Am[`m OJ_m` [mV Imcrc _OHy$a N>m[mc Aer Amem Amh{.

    `{ `{ ]mim `{ $& j{_ Agm{! hm{ eVm`w Hw$coVcH$m $&& ^aV{ {` XmQw>oZ oH$oV? dm` Ag{ H$s JwUmZwHw$coQ>iH$m $&& 1 $&& X{ ^{Q>, Odoi `{ Mc Mw]Z H$a`mog oMm AwgwH$c{ $&& J{c{ V{ oXZ J{c{, "]mim' oH$oV Vna eara Vd gwH$c{ $&& 2 $&& A{H{$H$ _m{OwoZ oXZ AXdar AVamog gmoh`c| $&& [i^aoh oYa Z Yamd{ Vm|M gwXd{ _wImog [moh`c| $&& 3 $&& H$m V{W{oM Aw^m a{? dmQ>{ H$s hr Z Am[cr AmAr $&& [na em{H|$ H$e Agr VZ[mhm - oMh Vm[cr XmAr $&& 4 $&& H$s Am`} W$oM ewr[ydM hr H$er oedV{ $&& "]mim,' {_Aw_mim ew d`| ? _mZ _mZgt oedV| $&& 5 $&& H$s Hw$ _mZgt Vy? Am{dmim`mog H|$od AmAw Z {` $&&

    {^Q>rgr odc] ZH$m{, AH$ Vg| H$s JhmV OmAw Z {` $&& 6 $&& "lr ]mi' ]h{_{ Ymd{ Vm| Am`OZoZ K{M H$at $&& go_ oXZt gH$mit ^{Q>rcm XmQ>cr KZH$ar $&& 7 $&& Xm{fWcmMr _m\$s Agmdr. ZmoeH$ Vm. 7-9-1898

    Am[cm A{H$ j

  • 6. gH$mVrM{ VriJyi (dgVoVcH$m)

    gw{_ `m{OwoZ dam oVi ew^amJ| $& [mH$m{oZ`m gwghdmg agmV AmJ{ $&& o_d-AHw$a \w$Q>{ ghOr gw`m{J| $& gmO`-H{$ea [wT>| _J \$ma aJ{ $&& 1 $&& gH$mnV-H$moV KS>Vm gU hm AwX{cm $& AmZX ZXZdZmg_ `{W Pmcm $&& [m gw[m JUwZr H$odVm-dYycm $& Amkmo[c| oViJwim VwO Ao[`mcm $&& 2 $&& m AmXam, Aw[na {_ Ag|M R>{dm $& hm{dm{ gemJwU m _Z hmoM R>{dm $&& lr amOl{> oedH$sVuagmg g{dm $& O{dm `W{> Z Agm oAVa _{dm $&& 3 $&&

    h{ m{H$ gH$moVoZo_m A{H$m o_mg YmS>c{ hm{V{. 30-1-1899

  • 7. _mVem{H$mcm[m>H$ $&& Am`m $&&

    _mV{ gm{Sw>oZ Pmct Amhmcm {`W AmO ghm df} $&& ]ad| Zmd dJoic{? Xw:ImqV _{K hm Ogm df} $&& 1 $&& J{crg ZmnAcmOoM AmVm OmVrg Vy Oar _mV{ $&& _r H$m` gm{oS>Vm{ VwO, eVJwU Vm Oar' _mV{ $&& dmQ>{ Agerc Iar oZ` gwI| AmO Vy odQ>oc ZmH$s $&& JWldUm{[mXH$ dJmMr hmg Vd o\$Q>oc Zm H$s? $&& 3 $&& [mcQ> OmAw H$am`m [wmqcJZ gwI| Oar _mV{ $&& _mV{ oAN>m Vna ]na coY_m [na `{W Zm Jar_m V{ $&& 4 $&& jU Wm] AZwgam{Zr g[W, gmYw, lwoV`mcm hm{ $& Zdar darc H$soV gwOZ hUm{ H$s gw[m `mcm hm{ $&& 5 $&& `m `Jmo_nZcm _J [wadm`m H$m_Z{og AmJ_Zm $& H$a`m Amkmo[Z _r dJu m`mog Vm{f gmJ _Zm $&& 6 $&& _N>m`m _mZwoZ`m __ R>m`m Vr gwI{ oVcm ^{Q>{ $& XmQ>{c VwPm H$R>oh MwH$oec Vd dm H$iod`m dmQ>{ $&& 7 $&& dXZ [XH$_cr Vd ZXZ H$na JrV JmV Am`mV $& _X Z Yr hm{Aw, oPOm{ MXZgm X{h X{eH$m`mV $&& 8 $&&

    m Am`m A`V Z_d| _m`m [acm{H$dmgr _mV{cm A[U H{$`m Amh{V. 31-1-1899 d` 16.

  • 8. A{H$m ^mVr Amc{c{ [ (dgVoVcH$m)

    Pmcr ^mV gwQ>cm ]h WS> dmam $& O{W| oVW| _woXV hm OZ hm{V gmam $&& mVodYr ]h da| AwaH$m{oZ K{Vm| $& ""`m ['' hm doZ AH$p_H$ H$s oZK{ Vm{ $&& 1 $&& ( w^OJ`mV) AwS>mcr da| A{H$ KmAr [wgm`m $& ""oe[mAr ]wdm, H$m` [mm? ]gm `m.'' $&& Q>H$m cmdwZr [mhVm| VrZ ^mAy $& Ver Xya R>mH{$ Aw^r Vr Z ^mAy $&& 2 $&& _Zt gd AwgyH$ _m_ dmMm{ $& oe[mAr ^cm Vm{ ]h H$mi dmMm{ $& Agm{ [ _m`m gwo_{amM| $& JUr \$ma Am^ma od ^amM{ $&& 3 $&& (Vodco]V) AdoMVm doZ Jm{S> AwR>mdVm{ $& [nagVm Z gwIm _wqi R>md Vm{ $&& dna "odZm`H$' Zm`H$ [oH$m $& oAVa Awma ]m{coV ""hm R>H$m'' $&& 4 $&& (_mocZr) PS>[ PS>H$ar _r KmcwZr [ K{Vm| $& MoH$V oH$oV H$drVm] `mcm ]K{ Vm{ $&& [waod aod Ver Vr [oH$m H$m_Zmcm $& aod[nag [ar Vr Vm{fXm`r _Zmcm $&& 5 $&& ( w^OJ`mV) eer `[r erV gVm[hm hm $& Var odhcm X{V gVm[ hm hm $&& adr gd oZXm}f Vm{ Vm[Xm`r $& JwUm`m gd| Xm{f hm oZ` amhr $&& 6 $&& Oar _r Zg{ A{H$ d$m og $& Z dmX{dVm gm hm{dm{oZ og $&$& Ag| _X, Zm X{oIcr H$m`e$r $& Var Xm{f Xmdr, j_m `m Agm{ Vr $&& 7 $&& (xVodcp]V) odZV hm oU[mV eV| H$ar $& Yna Z amJ H$am Mc X{ H$at $&$& Ona Z YmoS>og Awma cmH$ar $&

  • hnaM ge`, _r ]Zcm{ H$ar $&& 8 $&& ( w^OJ`mV) VwPm `{W `{`m Oar \$ma h{Vy $& Var H$mc Zm `m{` h| OmU h| Vy $&& Agm{ _r AOmar gh{ Xw:I ^mar $& Zg{ AW H$mht hUm{Zr oZdmar $&& 9 $&&

    (1899-1900)

  • 9. A{H$m [amL>_wI o_mg (Am`m JroV)

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  • 10. Mm\{$H$a oZ amZS>{ `mOdarc \$Q>H$m ([naM` hm \$Q>H$m Mm\{$H$a oZ amZS>{ \$mer J{`mMr ]mV_r `{VmM gmdaH$amZr gZ 1899M{ _`VamV aMcm.

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    `m oXder Mm\{$H$a-amZS>mZm e{dQ>r \$merda MT>od`mMr dmVm Amcr, `m [wT>`m A{H$ Xm{Z oXdgmVM Hw$_ma gmdaH$amZr `mMr Hw$cdmo_Zr Agc{`m A>^wOm X{dr[wT>{ oVkm H{$cr H$s, "Mm\{$H$amM| A[yU amohc{c| H$m` _r [wT>{ MmcdrZ! _m`m X{emcm dV H$a`mgmR>r _r ge H$mVrMr AwR>mdUr H$arZ!!'

    gmdaH$am`m ]mcd`mVrc m AwJ oVk{Mm [S>gmX, Jm^m`mV d{XKm{fmMm [S>gmX AwR>mdm `m_mU{, `mM d{ir aMc{`m m \$Q>`mVrc Imcrc e{dQ>`m Am{irVhr AwR>V Amh{V -

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  • ZmXm[m`r Am[`m Hw$Qw>]mda AH$_mV A{ImX| mUgH$Q> Am{T>dyZ K{erc. hUyZ g`m Vy hm Ag_` AmoU A[$ IQ>mQ>m{[ gm{Sy>Z X{. [wT>{ _m{R>m Pmcmg, ]wo J^ Pmcr hUO{ H$m` ^odV`Vm Ag{c V| KS>{c?'

    Mma-[mM _oh`m`m AmVM Hw$_ma gmdaH$amdarc V| o[V{_mM| N>hr _m{Sy>Z [S>c|! `mM{ dS>rc b{J_ {` dmac{! g]Y Hw$Qw>]M c{J`m H$hamV dmVmhV Pmb|. b{J`m m gH$Q>mcm Vm|S> X{`mV gmdaH$a Hw$Qw>] JwV`m_wi{ [wT>{ A{H$ df^ a m \$Q>`mH$S>{ H$m{Umghr cj X{`mg Pmc| Zmhr.

    [wT>{ gmdaH$amM| Hw$Qw>] ZmoeH$cm `{AyZ amoh`mZVa `m \$Q>`mMm Mma Mmcy Pmcm. AZ{H$ ]R>H$mVyZ gmdaH$a Vm{ dV hUV. ZmoeH$cm `{Um`mOmUm`m ]mh{aJmd`m oZ [w`m_w]Ar`m oH$`{H$ _S>itZmhr mMm MQ>H$m cmJyZ Vm{ \$Q>H$m `mZr AwV$Z `mdm, [mR> H$amdm; AmoU V{W`m V{W`m g_mOmV AVW[U{ hUyZ XmIdmdm.

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  • AmM` h| H$s, N>m[`mgmR>rM hUyZ O{ AJXr O[yZ aoMc{ V{ gmdaH$amM{ qghJS>moXH$ [m{dmS>{ N>m[c{ hUyZM O Pmc{! [aVw OrMr cdc{ehr ojoV Z ]miJVm aMc{cm AmoU oAVH$m emMmadU oZ H$moVerc AgUmam hm \$Q>H$m N>m[Vmgwm Amcm Zmhr; hUyZM H{$hmhr arVga O Pmcm Zmhr!

    AZ{H$ df} AZ{H$mH$Sy>Z Vm|S>r hQ>cm J{`mZ{ oZ Jw[U{ Vodcm J{`mZ{ m \$Q>`mV oH$`{H$ [mR>mVa| AmT>ict. Vr gH$cyZ oZ g_d`yZ mMr ew V Aw`m[w`m [mg dfmZVa gZ 1946 _ {` W_M N>m[`mV Amcr.)

    (OmoV dJm) _hnaV ggwYm]wYr_oY H$$ gw_Z h| [mU]wS>| $& AIS>-gXJwU_oS>V _mo$H$ oZYmZ ge _J AwKS>| $&& Yw. hmJH$mJhoZ oR>UoJ AwS>m{Zr JmR>r AdoMV _w]oAcm $& A[yd AdoMV AKm{a $[| c{JhVmeZ gMacm $&& 1 hm`! ]m[! hm! Aa{a{! H$ar JmoA! AJmAr! Za_ohcm$& ^`mU eXldU| e{foh Q>mHy$ [mhr YV _ohcm $&& 2

    w`dVr\w$XZ dH$XZ Vm{ mUmoVH$ H$h `mht $& ^wV| ^`H$a qH$H$mioV `m ^`mghr O| ^`Xm`r $&& 3 H$mim[nagoh H$miX` Vm{ odfm[naghr odfmna Vm{ $& [dZm[nagoh OdZ Agm{Zr oJna[na AMcdm YnaVm{ $&$& 4 ^maV^yM{ Hw$Hw$_ H{$ocg dVVm oOW [mdVg{ $& Y` Aem lr[w`[mZm [hmd`m hm YmdVg{ $&& 5 A_mZmMr Im{S> _m{S>`m gwcVmZmM{ _oZ ^ac| $& OmohVmohV _woi Z [mhVm H$S>H$ H$m`X{ ]h R>ac{ $&& 6 b{JoZdmaH$ oZ`_ [ar V{ gdYH$oM Z `m AgVr $& cm{H$_oVg `m o]oQ>e Z _mZr gVr-dM Og| Vr AgVr $&& 7 Xr Agm c{J-[mdH$s H$m` H$m`Xm Am` [S>{ $& aS>-dm w` hm hmhmH$maoM H$arV gwQ>cm MhH$S>{ $&& 8

    - 2 - hm hm hUVm jUm^rVat Ag` JdgoV H$mi-H$at $& AwXmg XwoIV OZmg N>iwZr `m`mMr [a ami H$ar $&& 1 {VmOdir oJYmS> YS>H{$ Ogm da{Z{ YmdVg{ $& ^wVmdcrg_ _Vmc`mV{ gm{oOaJU hm [mdVg{ $&& 2 H$m |` AwV ew ^adoM _YwoXZ{ YwX gXm $& Amod`m{J| `w$OZmV| g$ ^mfU| N>ioV VXm $&& 3 c{J _VmV{ Agm{ dm Zgm{ dgm{M [na YoZ AQ>H$mdr $& oeam Kam_oY H$am cyQ> hm{ H$m{U Vwhmcm hQ>H$mdr $&& 4 hd{ V{ Jhr gd{M oeaVr Y`m [H$S>Vr h{ daVr $& h`m dVwV{ cw]mS>m{oZ`m oZaHw$ed{ dmdaVr $&& 5 O`m _oXar [m` Q>moH$Vm c|N> VpN>am N>mQ>odVr $& hm! hm! AwQ> gm{oOa `mgr S>m{`mX{IV ]mQ>odVr $&& 6 [oVdVmV{ Hw$R>{ JmRw>Zr ]mQ>odVr h{ hm`! Aa{! $& AY_mY_ hm{! H$mi pWa Zg{ g`mO _wc X{Aw ]a| $&& 7

  • Am`m N>oiVm Iwemc _mVm Vwhmg AmVm _mO MT>{ $& [aVw hm{Vm H$Q> Zqghoh c[mc O]wH$ Hw$UrH$S>{ $&& 8

    - 3 - hmc hmc ]hH$mc H$am{oZ Mma _moS>c{ hd{ Vg{ $& N>iwoZ gm{oS>cr gH$c Om _J "IyZ' [S>{ h| Zdc Zg{ $&& 1 A]cm]mcm ]mcmM{ m em[ ghmdoY hm{Vr $& H$naVm J_V{ H$Vr Jm{S> Or ^naVm H$S>dQ> H$m hm{Vr? $&& 2 Y_mk{cm Aremk{cm g_mO-H$V`mcm hm{ $& [mim{Zr`m mUm m`m og, V`mMm ew^ cmhm{ $&& 3 dOZN>imcm AHw$Zr hm{Vr V VU V{ AU OUm{ $& X{emgmR>r mUm X{Vr Y` Y` `m H$m Z hUm{? $&& 4 [a[am_oY odMma H$naVr Aw[m` dXVr _J gwMcm $& Aa{, aS> hm AY_, mgMr dYy Mcm a{ Mcm Mcm $&& 5 Aa{, H$mM hm _Zt S>mMVm{, OmM AgM cm{H$mZm $& [m{MQ> X{IwoZ ZmModVr h{ H$mi ^mgVr H$H$mZm $&& 6 eVmdYr V{ O_m `{Vr _am{oZ OmVr Zm JUVr $& X{emgmR>r _aVr `mgr X{eo[V{ H$s ]wY hUVr $&& 7 d$ d$ PS>H$ar _aU V| Oar A_aMr Ag| KS>{ $& AZm{`m_oY ]m{coV H$s _J JS>[VrMr Om{S> OS>{ $&& 8

    - 4 - odZ`emocZr odZ`YmnaUr Amcm hUoV nH$ `edVr $& amUr `mMr odO`m

    2 odO`r ^m`emocZr A{d Vr $&& 1

    oMam`wamam{`mcm ^m{Jr oVMm _hm{gd V{ H$naVr $& `m{`oM g_`m N>iH$ dYm`m _whV gma{ h{ YnaVr $&& 2 dOZ-N>cZ haUmcm Pmc{ gm A[`m X{hmcm $& _m{hmcm R>m{Hw$Zr Um_m, oZKVr `mJwoZ J{hmcm $&& 3 dralrZ{ em{o^V Pmcr g`[mcZ{ hfdVr $& Vm`mZ{ gV{O, Xdr \y$oV gMa{ oX Zd Vr $&& 4 cmc^S>H$ V{ Z{, ]Ywda ]miH$U X{ Yra _Zm $& lr Xm_m{Xa og Omhcm Om`mcmJr IcX_Zm $&& 5 H$mVm dXcr, ""H$mVm, OmMm X{eohVmcm H$amd`m $& [oVam`m, `m oZam{[ Omd| dnaV H$soVcm damd`m'' $&& 6 [dZ OdZ [na _mJ{ gmnaV "JU{eqIS>r' oV Amcm $& H$mcmg_ _J g_` gmoYVm{ Kmcm`mcm Vm{ Kmcm $&& 7 ^` aS> ]h _V X{IVm qgh Ymdcm ]JrH$S>{ $& Jm{ir gwQ>cr, JS>]S> o_Q>cr, Xw> ZamY_ MrV [S>{ $&& 8

    - 5 - AmOdar oH$oV Var _mnaVr c|N> _XmZ{ dXm Om $&

    2 odO`m- phQ>m{na`m

  • gOm Z `mZm _wir hm{` h{ `m`X{dV{ H$m` _Om $&& 1 [ar [hm Vm{ amOXyV Zm c{JXyV OZN>i H$naVm{ $& ^naVm{ m`pMm R>rH$ O H$m{U H$m{[ hm [a YnaVm{ $&& 2 `m{J Ardar qH$dm aS>oM T>gH$[r Iam Ag{ $& o[g| H$naVg{ _{`mdahr hm{V gim{ H$m [im{ Ag{ $&& 3 o[gmic| "gaH$ma' IwZmZ{ dgH$Z S>gc| ^`m ^`m $& ^`m Ao[`m gw_ZmOoc `m eVH$m{eVH$s Z cm^`m $&& 4 H$Yr \$S>H$c{ OmXm [m{ocg, H$Yr [H$S>c| ZmVyZm $& Ocr Wcr `m oXgy cmJcm aS>dYmgh Vm{ "[yZm' $&& 5 X{edra _hmamO eya lr oQ>iH$ V`mM| j{_ Agm{ $& Iam oham hm H$gmog AwVa{ H$mi^roV "]mim'og Zgm{ $&& 6 gm`H$mcr gd{ M_H$Vr ]hV H$mOd{ AmoU eer $& VemM `m`{ oQ>iH$-gwYmH$a R>aV Vm{cVm oAVamer $&& 7 aUmJUmdna Ia{ amhVrc oH$VrH$ R>m{Hw$oZ XS> IS>{ $& Vg{M AgVr X{em{hr H$dU Vm{oh AwcJS>m [S>{ $&& 8

    - 6 - "o\$Vwa' "\y$Q>' hr Xw> OZm`m [mQ>mdaVr [yoO`cr $& Z> Aja| H$>_` oOht am>X{od ]h JmoO`cr $&& 1 drS>]Yw mS> dmZ O{ dm{Xa[yoVVd ZmZm $& Mma AmMnaoV o\$Vwna H$am`m ea_ dmQ>cr `mZm Zm $&& 2 X{emgmR>r PQ>oV eya O{, [H$Sw>Zr m`m Zada Vr $& og hm{AwZr AZWH$mar Xhm ghm gmdnaVr $&& 3 gH$im`m S>m{`mV {`AwZr mUH$Q>H$m dna Ynacm $& dnacm a{ \$m`Xm H$m` Vna oZ` AH$soV-dO [wacm $&& 4 N>iH$ N>i H$ar [ar _Om H$s dar H$soV Om{ N>ic{cm $& Mm\{$H$a `e-`Z PiH$dr drS> AYH$ma ^cm $&& 5 lr Mm\{$H$a da| AQ>H$c{ \$amgIm`m_mPmar $& VXm AVar H$naoV odMmam, ""H$]yc hm YS>JVr Var $&& 6 `m`mgmR>r mUgH$Q>r cm{oQ>`c| `m AwR>mAwR>r $& H$oR>U H$mi _{e]YwOZ _H$`m Vd H$m H$R>r? $&& 7 gmZ gKmdar H$m{gioV XwImrM{ Wm{a H$S>{ $& Xhm OUm`m ohVmW OmAy A{H$ H$m` _J `mV ZS>{!'' $&& 8

    - 7 - hmOr hmOr H$ar gdXm amOr c|N>m`m H$oVcm $& [m{Q>mgmR>r IQ>[Q>Vm{ [na gw> J_{ [a^y[oVcm $&& 1 [maV`[H$mV X{e Om{ ]wS>dr `moV Z[ hUVr $& H$S>H$ XS> Om{ X{ `m N>cH$m amOm{hr `m hUVr $&& 2 AwXmm `mM{ odMma, YmS>g odemc, X{eroV _Zr $& IwZr ]ZV Vm{ `m`-hgZr, hm`! hm`! _J hm{V OZt $&& 3 oVioh Zg{ H$s \$mer Pmcr `m_oY XwImcm dgVr $&

  • X{eo[Vm `m IwZr hUVgm mgoM gmZ ]h hgVr $&& 4 `m`mYreoM Om{er Awm_ AwX`_whVm `m{` JUr $& g`, X{eohV, dhmS> O_c| H$soVZroV m dhmS>Ur $&& 5 oQ>iH$-JOmZZ Z_H$mnacm \$mg-]m{hc| _J [wac| $& _ac{ JrVm_ "Xm_wZ{' _wo$ Zdnacm hm{ dnac| $&& 6 $ c-gm{him odoM Xmdr oM ^roVM| oH$Vr ]S>| $& gyS> AwJod`m dmgwX{dX`mV ^`H$a H$m{[ MT>{ $&& 7

    - 8 - drS> H$m{[{ Xmh hm{Vg{ dmcm Z{mVwoZ gwQ>Vr $& cmhr Pmcr Xmoh oXemV{ "gyS>' Aja| ht AwR>Vt $&& 1 H$aH$a Mmdr AYa, Mm{oiVm{ H$amog, oZMc [i ]gcm $& "gyS>' eX H$UmV JwJVm{, dmgwX{d _J p_V hgcm $&& 2 ]m{c{, ""_mm _eH$m, XwIdwoZ qgh gwQ>m`m YS>[S>er $& `_ZJarcm ]Xcr H$naVm{ AwMc OcX Mc Vd [S>er $&& 3 oMZ Vw`m X{hmg H$naZ eVIS> [whmhr odIS> hm $& XS>_ a{S>m S>dMicmgr, JS>m, `mK dm MS> hm $&& 4 g`X{e-ohVH$Vm Om{ H$m, Mm{am, N>oic| `m Wm{am $& AY_ H$VZm, cmM ImAwZr Omhcmog __ ^mJ Iam'' $&& 5 lrMm\{$H$a Vg{ amZS>{ o_ [a[a V{ hm{V{ $& odS>-hm{_-oZM`m R>adwZr C^` Omhc{ _J hm{V{ $&& 6 AY_-emoV-ogX`W ]moYc| YmS>g H$H$U ew gXm $& Z{h]mYd{_m F$pdO M[c AogcVm X ^ VXm $&& 7 H$m{[-hVmeZ ^S>mS> ^S>H{$ drS> [yUmhoV [S>{ $& Pmc| Ad^WZmZ oYaOqc Km{a oVkmogo KS>{ $&& 8

    - 9 - N>oiV [am{[na Jna] OZmcm c|N> [wZa[r `m g_`m $& V`m o^AwoZ`m d {` gmJVr OZ-_m`m OZH$mg_ `m $&& 1 ""gyS> AwJod`m o` ]YyMm odS>dYmcm H$aUmam $& dmgwX{d Vm{ _rM hm{` Om{ gmZN>cZm haUmam $&& 2 o_mcmJr cmJm{[mR>r JmR>r odS>m AY_mcm $& _rM amZS>{ gwo_m[wT>{ H$[Q>g_ _mU _cm'' $&& 3 `m`-ZmQ>H$s WmQ> AwS>mcm dmQ> Zm o_i{ aoV^a Vr $& _yoV _Zm{ha Adcm{Hw$oZ`m OZHw$Vyhcm {` ^aVr $&& 4 MoH$V Q>H$_H$m gd [mhVr Y`oM N>mVr _J hUVr $& Hw$Ur YmS>gr, Hw$Ur o[g{ dm Hw$Ur drada `m JUVr $&& 5 \$mer R>acr Var Z o\$acr X{eohVmMr >r Vr amOH$s` H$Q> g]Ymcm _wir Z Wmam V{ X{Vr $&& 6 Y` Omhcm `{adS>mMm VwJ gmZgJoVZ{ $& eVZ_Z| `m H$mcJVrcm ^cm ^aodcm aJ oVZ{ $&& 7 \$mer MT>Vr mU[mI$ X{hq[O`mVwZr AwS>{ $&

  • dra H$VrZ{ am>m_mOr [amH$_mM| V{O MT>| $&& 8 - 10 -

    H$mcmg_ V{ [Vr ha[c{ ]mcm Pm`m `m A]cm $& gm^ m`mMm gwa` dmS>m odw[mV{ hm X]cm $&& 1 h{ ^oJZtZm{ Ag gH$Q> Var H$soVH$a g_Omd| $& dZr kmZm, H$Zr H$soVg X{od OmZH$sg_ Omd| $&& 2 _m`oM Vr Aw[_m Zm Xwgar A]a ^adr h]aS>{ $& oVK{ oJoi`c{ cmc oV {`M{ Km{aV_ oH$Vr `_ZaS>| $&& 3 `O em{H$mgr, aZ| Aet OZoZ oZ[OVr Vw`m Hw$er $& H$soV V`mMr Zwfm A_a Vd Mw]r hf} AyR> H$er $&& 4 o[Vm hUodVm [w`rM>m oZ[woH$ H$gm hm{ ]Zcm $& qH$dm odoYZ{ AZZw^ d{ gwV-em{H$ g H$s hm JoUcm? $&& 5 AoVr` `e oVht Om{oS>c| X{eo[V{ h{ Hw$cm ^c{ $& eVme `m`m d hm{AwZr Vwhm Amhmcm Z cm^c| $&& 6 AOam_a V{ Y` [w Vd H$sVu$[| cIcIVr $& oha{! Agm{Zr _` Omhc{ A_a VWm[r H$m IVr? $&& 7 ZaaZm`m od`m{J`m{J{ [ew[`moXH$ Ym` aS>{ $& ]ocXmZmodU dram`m [na am>m{maoh H$gm KS>{ $&& 8

    - 11 - dmWm _moZ cmW; R>m{oH$cm aS>m OZN>ce_Zmcm $& [amWgmYy lrMm\{$H$a `m{` H$m Z V{ Z_Zmcm $&& 1 amOH$s` H$Q> N>ir X{e `m, [wT>{ hm{AwZr Zmoe`cm $& X{eohV{Nw> lrMm\{$H$a `m{` H$m Z V{ Z_Zmcm $&& 2 mUmVrhr ZmoM oMH$Q>cr Ag`dmUr dXZmcm $& g`^mfUr lrMm\{$H$a `m{` H$m Z V{ Z_Zmcm $&& 3 Z> H$am`m V`ma Pmc{ odS> N>ioV O{ gwOZmcm $& AY_{fr lrMm\{$H$a `m{` H$m Z V{ Z_Zmcm $&& 4 AmO_r O{ H$Yr Z T>ic{ OJ^yM{ ^OZmcm $& ^$oeam{_oU lrMm\{$H$a ]Yw `m{` eV Z_Zmcm $&& 5 _hmKm{a ^d[me Vm{oS>cm _m`m oedcr Z _Zmcm $& oda$ [yUoM lrMm\{$H$a ]Yw `m{` eV Z_Zmcm $&& 6 mUm odQ>cr [ar ZM VwQ>cr PQ>cr OZohV H$a`mcm $& Y`oM _r, Y` amZS>{ dra `wdH$hr Z_Zmcm $&& 7 [amH$_m`m V{Om Vw_`m mgwoZ qZoXoV Ona Kw]S>| $& draH$Wm Vw_Mr hr JmoAc o[T>r o[T>r Zd [wT>| [wT>| $&& 8

    - 12 - Agm{V AnaM{ R>m`r Ona JwU AZwH$aUr`oM Ona R>aVr $& Ao^_mZm[X Vna Z J_mdr dOZH$soV _O H$m hm{ Vr? $&& 1 `mc{ Zmhr H$mimcmhr PQ>md`m OZH$m`mV{ $& dMH$md| _r H$m` hUm{Zr Vd`mgr `m Am`mV{? $&& 2

  • od[jr d {` dmoZVr O`m YmS>gr ZaaZm $& H$Vk hm`m, gXJwU Jm`m `m Z H$amd| H$m `Zm? $&& 3 eVH$m_mJ{ h|M M_H$V| V{O AmO O{ IwZr oXg{ $& oXg{ AY`m, Xw]`m YyVm O|, V| ]hYm Vg| Zg{ $&& 4 odVS>dmXr [oS>V ]ZVm{, gmYwl{>hr Vm{ gm{Xm $& ZmZm gXJwU XwJwU R>aVr, dH$H$mc hm hna _m{Xm $&& 5 A`m`dUmZm XSy>, aUt [wT>{Mr [X `mM| $& R>aoV H$g{ A[amYr V{ O{ H$naoV X_Z [agm{M| $&& 6 \$mer Zm Vr `kd{oXH$m a {$ hmcr Or Vw_`m! ! $& gmSw>Zr hm{dm{ `moM am>aqU gmWH$ a$mM| A_w`m $&& 7 H$m ` gm{SwZr A[wa| [S>cm PwOV, IVr ZH$m{! [wT>{ $& H$m`m Mmcdw oJadwoZ Vw_`m [amH$_mM{ Ahr YS>{ $&& 8

  • 11. J{cm Ahm{ X{e agmVimcm! (qAdOm)

    J{cm Ahm{ X{e agmVimcm dmV`mgmX Ahm Oimcm Amcm [amMm AoV Wm{a Kmcm hm gm, Vwhmg cwQy> oZKmcm && 1 oddgwZr Hw$[U hm naKmcm Kmcmd`mcm [a Q>m{i Kmcm dmV`amerg cwQy>Z Z{cm _{`m[ar H$m` ]gyZ R>{cm ? $&& 2

    12. ZmeH$mOdiMt c{Ut [mhZ! (qAdOm)

    c{Ut ]Km`m _J [mS>dmMr J{cm| d``mgh _mO gmMr A`V a` Wi [mhVm V| gVm{f Pmcm ]h __ZmV| $&& 1 [aVw OmVm jU hf J{cm em{H$mZc| Xmh _ZmV H{$cm H$s Wm{a odmZ o[Vam Aemcm Hw$[w Pmcm| Aph h{ H$emcm? && 2

  • 13. oXdJV o_m`m [ZrZ{ gmdZ (Am`m - JroV)

    Hw$cO{ gw^ J{ _mPm J{ AmerdmX VwOog hm [mdm{ $&& _p_[pZ Vy Vd H$m`j_Vm gwH$soV OZ Jmdm{ $&& 1 $&& AmH$me \$mQ>c| Vna oR>JimZ| `mg H{$qd PmH$md| $&& Y`mc]Z H$$Zr H$_JoV[wT>{ _wH{$oM dmH$md{ $&& 2 $&& Am[w`m[nagoh JwVa gH$Q>JVmg [mhZr g_Om $&& hm emV X` m emoVg_ XwOr Z gH$Q>mV _Om $&& 3 $&& YZg]Yt R>{dm odmg Z, h| ^`mg cm{^ odV| $&& gXdVZ ewoM amhm{ H$s h| Hw$cOmg \$ma em{^odV| $&& 4 $&& c{IZdmMZ A[Um `{V| h| \$ma \$ma ]ad|Mr $&& gXJWH$ZH$ H$UH$U gVV hm`mg Vy Jda d|Mt $&& 5 $&& AmerdmX Ag{ `m ]m]ycm AmoU Aw^` H$`mZm $&& H$s gomlrYr [mdm`m Zm hUm{V Y`m Zm $&& 6 $&& dooIV AwmamV{ YmS>r dmmV `mV H$idmdm $&& didmdm lre _Z| dHw$cmMm H$soV[Q> Z _idmdm $&& 7 $&&

    (1899- 1900)

  • 14. gm`H$mir amZmV MwH$c{c| H$m{H$$ (OmoV Z[__Vm) (Mmc - "Z[__Vm am_mdaVr' gmaIr) H$m ^Q>H$og `{W| ]m{c| $? H$m Z{ Omhc{ Am{c{ ? H$m{qU H$m Vwcm XwIdrc| $? gmJ a{ $&& 1 && YoZ VwPm Hy$a H$s ^mar & H$m _mVm amJ| ^acr ? H$m Vw`m[mgwZr MwH$cr ? gmJ a{ && 2 && hm hm` H$m|H$$ ]MS>| $! oH$oV ]| ]| H$Zr AaS>{ AwMcm{oZ K{Vc| H$S>{ & Jm{oOa| && 3 && H$m VS>\$S> AmVm H$nagr ? _t H$S>{ K{Vc| VwOgr Mc Jht MZ _J Imer & AH$ a{ && 4 && _r Hy$a Vwcm H$m dmQ>{ ? X` h| hUwoZ H$m \$mQ>{ ? ^` ZH$m{ Vwcm h| Im{Q>| & AH$ a{ && 5 && hm M a` Ona Amh{ & _`mZ amo_qY [mh{ dH$ dmoZ aojc Zm h| & OmU a{ && 6 && Vm{ Xya oXgVg{ H$m{U ? Q>[Vg{ Hy$a ]K `dZ Jm{oOar H$m[`m _mZ & OmU a{ && 7 && H$o_ H$mqh Z VwOcmJm{Zr & _r Vwcm XyY [mOm{Zr hr am Jht R>{dm{Zr & [wT>oV a{ && 8 && CXArH$ `{W Vd _mVm $& AmUrH$ H$iq[ Vd [mVm X{ArZ V`mM{ hmVm & VwOog a{ && 9 && _J Wm{[Qw>Zr `m hmV| & AmoUc| JhmV| `mV| Vm| Zdc _S>itZm V| & Omhc| && 10 && Hw$admoioV H$m{Ur `mV| & AoU K{oV Mw]Zm Hw$oU V{ Hw$oU AaogH$ _Ocm hgV{ & Omhc{ && 11 && Jm{oOa| H$m|H$$ H$mi| & ZAy Xhm oXZmM| gJi| _Aw_Ay$ H{$e V{ Hw$ai{ & em{^c{ && 12 && cmS>`m H$m Agm ^rgr & _r V[a Vd g{d{gr H$m|dir _{oW Zm Imgr & H$m ]a| && 13 && ]K `{W| VwoP`mgmR>t & AmoUcr XwYmMr dmQ>r [na W|] Agm Zm MmQ>r & H$m ]a| && 14 && Vd _mVm jU^a MwH$cr & hUwoZ H$m VZy Vd gwH$cr _mPrhr _mVm Z{cr & `_ H$a| && 15 && ^{Q>{c Awm Vd VwOcm $& o_iUma Z [na __ _Ocm H$[mVH$mc Ona Amcm & hm` a{ $&& 16 && o_`m hm gd [gmam & hm `m[ ZaoM gmam __Vmhr H$naV{ _mam & daoV a{ && 17 && m OJt XwI_` gma| & ht ]mYd [Zr [m{a|

  • hUwoZ`m emV_` hm{ a{ & Vy da| && 18 && Vna H$mqh Z O{hm ImB & YoZ`m AwJVm H$mhr CMoQ>c| Vm|S> _t [mhr & oM_wH$c| && 19 && hiw XyY Wm{S>H|$ `mc| & _J da| Vm|S> o\$adrc| H$m|H$$ ]md$Z J{c| & gmoOa| && 20 && dmV` O`mM| J{c| & [a`mM{ ]Xr Pmc{ o^wdZr gwI Z `m H$gc| & H$s Ia| && 21 && cQ>Hy$Z N>moVet oZOc| & Vmghr ^am^a J{c{ od h| _woXV _J H{$c| & aodH$a| && 22 && K{AwZr [aV `m hmVt & Hw$admoiV daM{daVr H$mc`m oR>H$mUmdaVr & gm{oS>c| && 23 && Vm| _mVm `mMr hm{Vr & em{YrV Xya oeewgmR>t XJS>mM{ VM{ [mR>t & hm` a{ && 24 && h]aS>{ E{Hy$ Amc{ & AmZXqgYw Awgic{ VqZ eamgmaI| Kwgc| & oH$oV da| && 25 && S>m{cVm{ _woXV Vda Vm{ & g{_ [oj hm JmVm{ Vm{H$S>m oVdoZ X{Vm{ & _wX^a| && 26 && h{ ^m{ hfodog `mgr & [na _cm aS>V ]gdrgr __ _mVm H$m c[odgr & AOwoZ a{ && 27 && - ZmoeH$, 1900

  • 15. Zmam{eH$amM| X{dmc` (emXycodH$soS>V) oXrM| [X hmcdm{oZ dnacr V{O| qOht g[Xm $& amhm{Zr oZa[{j dmhoZ oXcr lre^w`m g-[Xm >>&& hm{V{ V{ Vw_M{ gw[ydO Ag{ `H$soVV| Zm c` & Zmam{eH$aM| Ag| H$oWVg| Amhmog X{dmc` && - ZmoeH$, 1900

    16. Jm{XmVQ>t amt (Am`m-JroV) JJmVrat q]o]V Xr[oeIm ZoM [aVw H$di V| $& gmZX` Ag|Mr `OwZr Xm{fm JwUmH$S>{ diV| && - ZmoeH$, 1900

  • 17. lroQ>iH$VdZ (Am`m-JroV) cmOodc|og oZO `e| Ydc| dm g` oh_ZJm oVcH$m & gVV OZ[Xg{dmo[V Vy VwO H$od Z JmZ JmoVc H$m? && 1 AZcg OZH$m`mV| Am`mV| aoj e^w oQ>iH$mV| $& ewc{Xw`e| comV V{W| hm{Vrc Zm Hw$oQ>i H$m V{? && 2 dmWmVd Zm H{$c| XwH$oV_S>Z H$Xmo[ oVcH$mZ| $& `H$soVldUm_V Xwc^ gmZ gXm o[oVc H$mZ| && 3 OZg{d{Vd PQ>Vm PQ> H$mar Z{oV ]mc oVcH$mcm $& Xwgh N>c gm{gmdm cmJ{ `m Am `^ mcoVcH$mcm && 4 [na Yra Yar H{$gna, gna [mWm Zm eamgZoM Q>mH$s $& H$s

    3

    ""H{$gar'' gat O| [md Z V| ""gamg'' ZoM Q>mH$s? && 5 T> Z{h Ag{ Om{ Om{ am>ohVm{w $ `mqe oVcH$mMm $& am>odKmVH$ Ana`m hm{Vr H{$gna[wT>| oeoWc H$mMm && 6 {_m R>{odoV gmYy oAhcm{H$s, X{dVm Z^t, oVcH$s $& `_XyV [em` m am>ohV{Ny> gVm Z ^roVc H$s && 7 X{dm Vw`m hdmct H{$cm hm H$soVZroVMm R>{dm $& hm dmcr, V{Z^`m[mgwoZ m ajwZr gwI| R>{dm && 8 JmVm{ Am`mV| lr_ w`a{e\y$oVZ{ ""odZm`H$'' Vm{ $& Zm`H$ Vm{ OJVmMm oVcH$Vdmg _woXV Am`H$Vm{ && 9 - ZmoeH$, 1900

    3 H{$gar hUO{ oQ>iH$mg Or `m{`Vm hm{Vr Vr gamg hUO{ "ga' hr [Xdr YmaU H$a`mamg ZhVr. Og|

    (gat) gam{damg Or [mVm Amh{ Vr Q>m`mg ZgV{.

  • 18. H{$VH$aepV ([naM` - ZmoeH$M{ cm{. oQ>iH$mM{ `mhr AmoU g_m` [wT>mar H$. JJmYa[V `m`m _`W ZJaJh ]mY`mV

    Amc|, `m H{$VH$a-ZJa-JhmMm [m`m Kmc`mgmR>t `m`_yoV _mYdamd amZS>{ Amc{ hm{V{. `md{it odZm`H$amdmZr [wT>rc m{H$ ocohc{. V{ `m d{ir "cm{H$gmm' m dm[mV og Pmc{ hm{V{.)

    (emXycodH$soS>V) gH$sVu od_cm d$oZ a_cm, Om{ _mV^ ycm ^cm AmXm`} ^acm ^dmg Vacm g[w Vm{ em{^cm X{emW l_cm H$Yt Z X_cm `m gem{-_oXcm lr_H{$VH$am d y^ohVH$am gm>mJ `m doXcm $&& 1 && Zm H$m{Um N>oic| Hw$eX dXwZr g{_ V| Om{oS>c| `mZ| X{eohVmW `Z H$a`m dmWmVr gm{oS>c| `m[m{Zr ZJam [wamg [ga{ `H$soV X{emdar hm ! hm ! oZX` H$mc Z{ PS>H$ar JJmYam gdar && 2 && AmYt X{eohVmW `Z H$naVr Ag{ oH$Vr O_Vr ? `m_mOr [aV X{e A_wMm Hw$R>rV O{W| _Vr Aemhr g_`t H$g{ hnaog ]m `m X{e-AwmaH$m ? Am`mM{ H$ocO{ H$g{ ohgS>gr, XrZmdar _ma H$m? && 3 && `m`m gH$oV Wm{a Wm{a H$naVr `mMr dgmdr _Vr gmYyMt H$naVmoV `mVd OZt ht _maH|$ g_Vr AmOr ZmoeH$dmog H{$VH$a Om{ Xd| Ahm cm^cm `mMm _maH$`m{J hm OwiVg{ AmZX Omcm ^cm && 4 && ]mYmd| ZJaJhmog R>ac| [m`m V`m Kmc`m

    {`Vr "OpQ>g' amZS>{ PS>H$ar _mZm{oZ ]m{cmd`m Wm{amM{ VdZmW Wm{aoM ^c{ Amhmog `mH$maU| Pmc| XeZ gmYwM| o\$Q>Vg{ `m MjwM| [maU|. && 5 && - ZmoeH$, 1900

  • 19. N>X Zg{ MmJcm! (OmoV H{$edH$aUr)

    ([naM` - hr cmdUr EH$m V_mgJra \$S>mg H$$Z oX`m[H$s Amh{.) (Mmc - "df[`mer `w Mmcc{')

    r __Z-o_m`m H$mgmam JoUH{$Mm hm Vwcm JS>m a{ N>X Zg{ MmJcm [oV AJ{ H$m` H$$ J{ _Z _m{hr gwXar r oOdcJm Ag{ [na a` _wIr Vr Xar ^wcwZ ahmc Ona oAO e{Omat H$mi-qgh jm{^cm K{oAc mU Xm]wZr Jim? 1 [oV {_| Kmcr H$R>t hVm ZIa{ H$aV{ oH$Vr r Zh{ Vr ZS>J

    4 ZI{ _mnaVr

    Oa oIgm IwiIwi{ hU{c Vna _J ]gm Zm Var Tw>Hw$Zr [mohc Zm AdXgm [oV _OodaohV Vr, gw^Jm R>{odV {_^md Zm ^cm r Zh{ Vr c_rhoZ MMcm 2 [oV __ [X K{AwoZ hiyM MwaV{ _XwhV| H$m{_cm H$er Vr R>H$odc gwXna _cm r Im`mg o_i{c Z H$dS>rhr VwO OAt [S>erc gSw>oZ`m, hg{c OJ h| VAt [X_XZ V| XyaoM amhm{ [emVd o`H$am Am{oT>c ]mOmat \$a\$am! - ZmoeH$, 1900

    4 ZS>J = Adc.

  • 20. gam{da[waYr - c{S>r Am\$ oX c{H$ gJ 5 (^mfmVa) ([naM` qAJOr ghm`m oA`m|V AgVmZm odZm`H$amdmZr [oh`m ghm N>{XH$mM{ ^mfmVa H{$c{. V{ [wT>{ oXc{

    Amh{.) (dm ^wOJ`mV)

    - 1 - [wam `m oXemgwXar [yd dr Vm{ dmgr OZmcm gXm hfdrVm{ H$ar Om{ p_V| Vm_gr a` a{Im H$me{ Oc[q> H$s am` X{Im $&& oJarM{dar Km{a _mJmg Xmdr O`mMr ^m ew^ ^mar dXmdr Aem ]mca_r[ar gJam`m Ag`mV A^mVwZr gH$Q>m`m && _hmdra Y_dH$moVgmam Vgm Xr ^mar gwercd Vmam H$mem{V H$s ew^g{ gdXm V{ ^`t cwYVm, YmS>gt Jd XmV{ &&

    - 2 - (xVodcp]V) oH$aU ew^ Xr Aem[ar VVwZr PiH{$ daM{dar M_H$ cmc oXg{ OAt ArjUt AwR>oV gda dra V`{ jUt && Z`Z cmdwoZ oMoV A]at O[oV dra ^mVVwVr ]ar H$oZ gda og hVmeZm AwaoH$Vr PQ> dra `wVmeZm && VZwg "J{c' PJm _J d{o>Vm{ a_od a` odoMoV o> Vm{ dMZ[mcH$ MmcV _m{h[r hnaV amZ H$_r H$aS>{ oJar && oZo]S> _mJ Hw$R>| MT>Vr H$S>{ Aw^Q> XwVa MmcoV dmH$S>{ ViX{e _Zm{ha [mhVr diqU "\$m{W' "gwQ>rW' dmhVr && H$aghmo` harIoV gdar [X Aem MT>Ur daM{dar Xdgar JiVr VM{ Vcm odeVm oAVwH$m [W JwVcm &&

  • Xd Z _mo$H$ cmOodV| gd{ gH$c Zm [na gwXna-Amgd{ &&

    - 3 -

    dm - gwZrV (emXycodH$soS>V) `m R>m`t AwVa{ gam{da oVat Km{a d$[m ^cr [ $sM{ dna [o$ cmJoV oO`m "]{c{oS>' Vr em{^ cr "h{ZmH$ma' Yam{oZ`m aOV^m ^mVr _Zm{hmna V| O{W| V{ Wqc [mdVr Aw^`Vm gH$soVM{ hma V{ $&& K{Vm{ qIqS>V W{Q> _mJ dig{ `_VH$m PmoH$Vr _m{R>mc{ gwiH{$ oeim cQ>H$Vr ^roVXm `m oH$Vr dm\{$ "]H$Z'M{oh Jma ohad{ V{ em{^ Vr gwXa [Y}Z| PwS>[mg_mZ MT>Vm S>m{c{ Hw$R>| "hrXa' && Agm AwM gIm{c hm ZJ[Vr K{ \$mQ>H$mgm PJm \$m{\$mdm{oZ [wZ [whm Oc oMar _mJmg `m `m ZJm hm{Vm AmH$o_`m Agm o]H$Q> Vm{ H$s AmIS>m{Zr JVr `m KmQ>mVwoZ _mJXeH$ hiy [mWmg Z{ gJVr && ]m{c{ "H$m` odoM H$maU Vwhm amZmV m `md`m H$m{Ur O{W eH{$ Z amS>naH$`m Amk{odZm Omd`m?' &&

    - 4 - (dm dmJVm) ""a{ H$Q>t cQ>H$Vm{ [admZm `modZm _O XwOr [adm Zm `[r J_oc g`oM Zmhr H$s oVMr _O O$a Oamhr $&& MyH$cm| H$naV _r _J`{ Vm| AmO dmga oVMm OqA `{Vm{ emV oZc J_{ _O gma| H$s ZJmdnac ]\$-[gma{ && Xya dmo_ Vd ^r_ _ZmMm erK g^d Z AmJ_ZmMm _mJXeH$ _cm dXcm h| O| H$XmoMXg`oh Amh{' && "H$m [whm [na ^`mV Kwgmd|?' "dra Vy? _Oog H$m` [wgmd| Amph amhoZ dV ]gmd| H$s gwXmgg_ ] Agmd|? && emV d{i oXZ AmO naH$m_m Kmcdy YnaoV `m Ona H$m_m

  • H$maU| ]hV jwH$emhr dra [mdoV WcmV H$emhr && oddH$w, IJ qhSw>oZ K{Vm{ amZ; `moVoM YwSw> oZK{ Vm{ AodmogoZ gwa` Hw$_mar Z{gm`H$ V`m Ona _mar && H$s ^`mU [W AmH$o_`mV| a{ ^`doM ^Q>m ^wcdrV|' [mW `m dXV gmoVdmUr [moUXma MVwam Aoe dmUr &&

    - 5 - (dm _mocZr) ""dX Z dM, Agm| X{ Jm`, ZmhtM h{H$m [na [na`og `{Vm Vy Z H$mhtM h| H$m? H$naV dna gdmar _ma "A[moAZmM{' "_wqi Z _Oog R>md| AmU _mPrM gmM| $&& Za[oV_J`{V| [mi`m gm g{Zm AgoV hUwoZ R>md| A{H$, ]mH$s Ag{Zm O_oV ZJoZdmgr AH$Vm V Om`m \$S>H$oVc [VmH$m emoVZ| gw `m `m'' && ""\$S>H$dwV gwI| `m Zm _Zm H$m_Zm V{ H$ga Hw$aVS>m| `m, ZmoM eH$m _ZmV| \$S>H$oVc gd|Mr Mw]`m A]amV| YoZ ZJoZdmgr dj`w$m]amV| && hUog MwHw$oZ Amcm| emV h{Vy _ZmV| Anag_ [na X{gr ]m{c A[moAZmV|'' ""Vd [oVodf`t H$s XmS> Vm{ MS> R>md| Z[oVdnaM ]S>m _mSw>Zr Om{ AwR>md{ && Z[oVoZoY`mhr g_wIt cmOcm Om{ ZoM, H$na Ao_amMm IyZ `m cmO cmOm{ Ona AUoI Z R>md| dVVm{ Vm{ H$gma{ odQ>nVc gw_Z|, h| AH$Vm A{H$ gma|'' &&

    - 6 - (dm dgVoVcH$m)

    Amam{[ AHw$oZ Agm AoV ZrM jm{^{ Vm{ "J{c' _yV c`mo AgmM em{^{ Am{T>m{oZ Ayd w^dAr dXcm V`mV| "qghmg hmUwZ ]i| _J cmV `mV| $&& OrdV _m gwQ>Uma Z, eraOm{a| qZXm{oZ`m XwIodc| Z Awera Om| a{

  • Vm|Mr oea{ VXwXat Vadma `mMr _{`modZm ]K Z Im{S> oOa{ oO`mMr && hm{ amZ amOJh dm Z H$Wm V`mMr `j h{ gwag^moh odYmV`mMr m`mg emgZ oOW| Aw[_X hm{Vm{ H$m{Umghr S>J_J{c Z _X hm{ Vm{' && "hm{VmM Vm{ Owcw_ `o[ [mXemhr XS>r Z dmoVH$_H$maH$er Xem hr XwJmV ]mcZ[ Vm{ ]chrZ gmMm H$m{R>rc _mZ _J `mg _wit Z gmMm && _r gwXw]c H$at Yna amOXS>m `m XmS>`mg _J H$m{U H$arc XS>m dmQ>{ VwP| _Z gd| ]KwZr odQ>md| am{_mM m Vd oVH$oVZ| AwR>md{ && Om{ j{H$ma OZ Xw]c ZmJdm`m Ym |` Jwa| ohgHw$Zr ]h ^mJdm`m oZH$maU| gwOZ XojUdmog`mV| oZeH$ cmO eH$cr Z oedyoh `mV|' &&

    - ZmoeH$, 1900

  • 21. lroedJrV (Am`m - JroV)

    Z{Vr Y_ c`mV| N>oiVr Jm{-oOdam `dZH$a V{ $& lreH$a oed$[| Y_mM| Omhc{ AdZ H$aV{ && 1 gN>rcm, gXdmm _moZoV grV{g_m oedm OrV| $& Vr lroOOm OZwg X{ Am`OZYamohVm oedmOrV| && 2 Y` `dZV_-hVm Y`oM VmZH$ lrehmoO adr $& hadr na[wH$nada-_X aJ `dZmMr Za{e hm oOadr && 3 lr_maV am_m`U a` H$Wm-gwYm gXm [rVm{ $& lram_H$Ugm _J AY_m, ajwoZ ]wYmg, Xm[rVm{ && 4 Y`m oOOm dX{ Vr H$oWV{ oed]m Vwcm gwOZZroV $& H$s gm{Zma gwdUm X{

    5 X{ddm _cm gwOZZr Vr && 5

    AoVVa XwVa ]m h| _mZw` VemV AwHw$cOZZ $& Vna dna gH$soV, ohcm gmoYoV O{ gwk YZ, XwHw$c OZ Z && 6 ^dgmJa AwVam`m gwVam`m, a{ dY_ hr gwVar $& Vna Y_-N>cH$ AY_m XSw>oZ Vy ^yo_^ma hm AwVat && 7 Or OZw X{AwoZ ajU ^aU H$ar oApN> Am[Um oed ]m $& Vr _m`^yo_ _w$-c{em hm{, H$naM m [Um oed]m && 8 gmV ]ma{ gma| `dZ_`oM Omhc| ^aVIS> $& Vme-Aw $H$m`u [mSw> ZH$m{, hm{ AwXS> aV, IS> && 9 H$na _w$ _m`^yV|, oZX` hm{, Omi Y_cS>mV| $& oMaU|M Aw$ O{W| [m{gmd| H$m` `m JcS>mV| && 10 ]h H$m` dXm| ajt gmYwg, hm{ oZ` H$m`-AZcg a{ $& H$m` `dZVU Im`m _mJ| _J Am `em` -AZc ga{ && 11 oedamOX`gwKQ>r ]m{Ym_V Am{oVc| oOOmArZ| $& H$s Am_dZ gwJY| ^ac| gw_Z| H$am{oZ OmArZ| && 12 K{AwoZ o[Vm gwVmV| `dZ[oVH$S>{ odOm[wam J{cm $& `dZmg Z_Z Z M{, ]g{ VgmoM dra amJ{cm && 13 amOg^maroV Zg{ R>mdr `mV|, dX{ ehm

    6, [aV{ $&

    K{AwoZ gwVm dXV Om{ dJV Ahh, N>ioV X{e hm [a V{ && 14 am` ehmOr ]m{Yr H$a `dZmamYZm oedmOrV| $& _{iodc| H{$di `m V{_| m YZmoe dmOrV| && 15 gm{S>t `dZ{fm, Om{S>r V{_h{_ ohVH$a ]m $& hm q[S> V`mMm, `m A[woZ `e Ydc h| _qhV H$a ]m && 16 odmgKmV ZaH$oM `mMm Om{ A X{nA Jm [nag $& dmo_m{hr hUVr AY_mY_ gwk [Jm[nag $&& 17 J{c| ^mZ oedmM| H$m{_cg{ Jmc Omhc{ Am{c{ $&

    5 Xr[H$ = AcH$ma 6 ehmOr

  • ]m{c{ ]mc _Y|Mr VmV, Hw$R>| V{O Am[c| J{c|? && 18 Jm{oO H$>odVr h{ Z> H$am`m d^yo_cm gOc{ $& dm_r dm_r `mV| dX`mV| dXZ h| H$g| YOc|? && 19 haha Ia [a oMaVr MaMa Xaam{O dmga| Jm`m $& Im`m Am`aod[wT>|, H$m` `dZ-H$mOdm ga{ Jm `m && 20 cwoQ>c| gdd qOhr [ey Om{ _m`^oJoZcm gOcm $& VmVm VwhrM gmJm dXy _r AY_ H$m` Vm{? _Ocm && 21 _aU dnaZ, Zm OmnAZ eaU hUwoZ Xmg Xw> AY_mV| $& Z cJ{ YZ JO h` _O o` OJVt EH$ `dZdY _mV| && 22

    - ZmoeH$, 1900

  • 22. Jm{XmdoH$cr ([naM` ZmoeH$cm c{J Ag`m_wi| odZm`H$amd Am[`m _m_m`m `{W| H$m{Ry>a Jmdr J{c{ hm{V{. V{W| [Vm`m

    JJmdoH$cr_mU| Jm{XmdoH$cr ocoh`mM| `m`m _ZmV Amc|. Jm{X{`m KmQ>mda ]gyZ `m Jmd`m cm{H$modf`r `mZr hr H$odVm ocohcr Amh{. gmdaH$amZm [Vm`m Am`m chmZ[Um[mgyZ AmdS>V AgV. `m`m `_H$ H$me`mM{ `edr AZwH$aU `mZr oH$Vr h`mgmZ{ H{$c{ hm{V| `mMr VroV m Am`md$Z `mZr {`Arc.)

    (Am`m - JroV) Ydc{ Y`{ Jm{X{ g_woZdagKd{o>V{ JJ{ $& gJ| Vd Vm| AoVVa XwVa ^dqgYw gda| ^J{ && 1 AmOdar ]mmJm hmoUoV _mVm Z AVaJmV| $& lrgm]-oeam Imc| gmYm`m H$m` `{V JJm V| && 2 KmQ> Z h{ [mQ> d`| _mSw>oZ hmUmd`m Ahm cm{H$m $& dmJr [gaod I{iod OJOZZr X{ AdUoZ` Vm{Im

    7 && 3

    [iVm H{$hm `{V{ YmdV Ya`m \w$Jm{oZ amJmZ| $& H{$hm IS>H$s ]gwoZ _m{hod H$mT>m{oZ gwdam JmZ| && 4 odH$ogV H$_c| XmdwoZ hmnAc [ohcm V`m o_i{c dX{ $& E{em [am{[arZ| MwMH$moZ _m` hr gXm oed X{ && 5 [yOm[{ojV Aem ^yo_Vqc AZV X{dVm dgVr $& doeewg_mdZH$sVu VwOg_ Ao`! VyoM J{ XwOr Z gVr && 6 [na A[]wo ]mcH$ OZZr moWV Vw`m [Xm hm H$s $& H$mVw^ dmog

    8 OZm`m `m{Jj{_mog Vy gXm hmH$s && 7

    gmV gdoM Pmc| _mV{, h| ^aVIS> hrZ Ia| $& [adeVm ]h Xwgh ]adr X`W Z

    9S>oJMr ZIa|

    10 && 8

    VmmaUm PQ>md{ gX`{, gVV g_V JmdH$ar $& Jmd OwQ>rZ| AwR>cm Vna VXohV H|$od Xw> amd H$ar? && 9 __ _mVwcHw$cO OZoZ, Vmat gma{ da| _Zm{ha

    11 V{ $&

    hm{AyV VeO H$oV12

    gH$oVZ| gVOZ-_Zm{ha V{ && 10 JJ{, gH$Q>H$mcr mdm `m S>m|J`m

    13 gXm Wmam $&

    VgeO ewoM goV [pZgohV d ^mAw Awmam && 11 VeO AUmZm Vm`mZm V|od eH$am ]mcm $& ajt, gmJ V`m`m J{ht ogog odeH$ am]mcm & 12 H$na OZoZ, `edr V{ gVV Jm{[mcamd o]dcH$a

    14 $&

    dH$-oH$`|V o_idr hQ>Hw$Z `mMm `emg Ydc H$a && 13

    7 gVm{fmcm. 8 H$m{Ry>a JmdmM{ aohdmgr. 9 AdcrMt. 10 ZI|. 11 _Zm{ha V{- _Zm{ha Hw$Qw>]mVrc cm{H$. Jm{qdX _Zm{ha h{ gmdaH$amM{ gI{ _m_m. 12 Y`. 13 S>m|Ja{ Zmdm`m Hw$Qw>]mVrc cm{H$mZm. 14 S>m. o]dcH$a

  • ]h AwJ JoWam{J| _Og_ Amc{ [iyZ ^`gohV $& g_m` lwoVk _hmeX{ V{ d hm{V

    15 ^`aohV && 14

    H$moZQ>H$a-]Yw` [mdZ, X{ ^o$oMagm H$a J{ $& Vedo hm{AwoZ `{dm{ OZdXqZ oMa gmH$a J{ && 15 JwOrM{ gxUaqg Omdm{V JwUk oZ` VaV$Zr $& odm [arjH$mVd Ooe VUmVd g_wgwH$m VUr && 16 ZoM odgamd{ _mV{, Awm{Jr V{ g_V Hw$cH$aUr $& Jm_OZmM{ dXZt amhm{ VwoMaH$`-ccH$aUr && 17 `[ydO| o_iodc| Jmd OhmoJa ^yaV| ]ad| $& g_oV d^yo_{_m X{AwoZ Vmam g_V V{ ]ad{

    16 && 18

    hm{Vr gw^Jm ^maoV X{dr dmV`emcw dm[naV $& `m`mM qMYS>m m Ao^_mZ| O[woZ R>{qd `m dnaV && 19 H$m{U{ H$mit YmoS>c w^ H$m{Ur VwUodUma

    17 Hw$ec Oar $&

    Aw[`m{Jr m [S>oVc Ona O[woZ gV{O R>{dw `mg Var && 20 A[gmoVc H$ch o_Q>m{, oZH$maU `W S>mc g_wi VwQ>m{ $& odZmM{ Aya \w$Q>m{, gHw$c h| H$soVg[X{g cwQ>m{ && 21 Vd ^$ ew ]ad{

    18

    lrJJ{ gm Vma ^mAy$ V{ $& ^dg[XeZmeH$ ^w^o$ ]am AwVma ^mAy$

    19 V{ && 22

    V{ am_^mAw ]ad{ gajr [pZgohV gH$cmZm $& o` Xm_m{Xa `mMm dmQ>m{ gwIH$a oZdmg gw-H$cmZm && 23 OZZr, gH$c Vem XmXmZm {_o>Z| [mim $& `e od^d V`m md| ajmd| JmZHw$ec Jm{[mim && 24 hm{dm{ JU[oV Vm{ Hw$cXr[H$ [mdm{oZ Awm_m oejm $& X{ _mV{, `m gVV X{em{mamW `m{`er Xrjm && 25 gwk gwoeojV ZmZm VX]Yw odZm`H$mog ajmd| $& ^jmd| oH$p_f; oVqh X{eohVmV| gXd cjmd| && 26 [m H$amd| JJ{, goVXmZmW ]m[wZm gmM| $& _w$ H$at gX`{ H$s ^`H$a ]h [m[ Zm [whm gmM{ && 27 `mV o[`mg_ H{$ed gwoY hna Jm{[mi ]mi ^mJdV $& amhm{ gwT> gwodmaV X{eohVmW Xj ^mJdV && 28 qMVmH$mZZ OmiwZ AUmZm OZoZ J{ gXm oed X{ $& H$a XrKm` w `edr gm V`m Xmg h| [Xmoe dX{ && 29 _Ocm __ gp_m gajm dmgwX{d Vm`mZm

    20 $&

    _Og_ daXm hmdr gom Amew X{dVm `mZm && 30

    15 hm{dm{V. 16 ]ad{ - h{ H$m{Ry>aM{ OhmoJaXma. [{e`mer `mM{ `mhr[UmM{ g]Y Pmc{c{ AgyZ `mM{ [ydO oXr[ `V AoYH$mar [Xmda {`V AgV. 17 \$mQ>c{`m dmV gwV| ^$Z V| [yddV YS> H$aUmam. `mV OhmoJar gKoQ>V H$aUmam H$m{Ur oZKm`mg dmV`g[mXZmg Aw[`m{Jr [S>Vrc hm ^md 18 _mZm{V. 19 AUmamd ]d} - H$m{Ry>aM{ ]mU{Xma d OhmJraXma. `m`m A{Hw$c`m A{H$ oMaOrdmg oZ [wV`mg [wT>{ H$Q>mM{ Amam{[md$Z oejm Pm`m. [U h{ S>J_Jc{ ZmhrV. 20 _mZm{V

  • X{ da Ahm Agm H$s m hV| X{e-ew XS>md{ $& Awma odJgd| Vm{ AmqY Ag| H$s Aht Z VS>md| && 31 gp_ cI[Vr Vm{ ]cdVoh

    21 oZ` gw[WJ_qZ gOm{ $&

    odmcH$V hm{AwZ [MH$S>r o_iwZ "am_hnag'22

    ^Om{ && 32 X{e`emM{ dYH$ gmV AoV XrZ j{H$ma gXm $& hm{dm{V Ym` df qAqh g[ Agm{ g `m agXm && 33 dmUr gwVma Jdir qcJmoAV o^ AmoU `{gH$a $& Vd Xa]ma A^{XoM Vma gH$c Vy OJmV `{e H$a && 34 od_c{, gX`{, AmAr, Zm_gwY{, doH$oc oeewH$Vm gacr $& `e X{ gwH$[Zm __, H$_c| Vd Oqc, VaJg_ odacr && 35 - H$m{Ry>a, 1900

    21 AUmamd ]a`mM{ A{Hw$cV{ A{H$ oMaOrd 22 Ao^Zd ^maV `m JwgW{M| [ohc| A{H$ Q>m{[UZmd "am_har' h| Ag{. hr Jm{X{g H{$c{cr mWZm `m{Jm`m{JmZ{ [wT>{ g\$c Pmcr ! Ao^Zd ^maVmda [wT>{ gZ 1910 _ {` oZaoZami{ IQ>c{ qAJOmZr ^ac{ V{hm m ]ad{ Hw$Qw>]mdahr gH$Q> H$m{gic|. gmdaH$amZr `m`m `m ]mco_mg H$m{Ry>acm m d{i`m oZdmgmV e[Wm oXc{`m

    hm{`m `m[H$s da AwooIc{c{ Vm`m mZm ]m]`m [wpVH$m dmQ>`modf`r 2 df} ]oXdmgmMr oejm Pmcr. V{WyZ gwQ>VmM V{ c{JZ{ dmac{. VU ]idVamd ]ad{ `mZm

    oZ odZm`H$ ]ad{ `mg Ao^Zd ^maV H$Q>m`m IQ>`mV Jm{d`mV Amc{. ]idVamdmZm Xm{Z df} oejm Pmcr oZ "odZm`H$m'cm gm{Sy>Z oXc{ J{c{. V{M [wT>{ Yw`mcm

    odoYk oZ g_mOgwYmaH$ hUyZ `moV [mdc{. dV d OhmoJaXma AUmamd `mZrhr `m`m odoharV H$Q>dm`mMr em| gm[S>cr hUyZ AQ>H$ Pmcr. `mMr

    OhmoJaroh amOV Pmcr ! `m gH$Q>mVM `mMm AV Pmcm.

  • 23. _mP| AaoV- AmOd (_mPr Z_ VH$ma) (H$. `m`_yVu _hmX{d Jm{qdX amZS>{ `mM{ oZYZ 16 OmZ{dmar 1901 m oXZt Pmc{ `mZVa `m`m _`wg]Yr

    gwMc{c{ odMma) $&& [dr $&&

    Ahm{ ]hV _mVcm `_ dV H$m Omhcm ? $& dna> AoYH$mna H$m Hw$oU Z `mdar amohcm? $&& Z XoS>og AwXS> H$m AOwoZ XmS>`mcm Aem? $& Icmg d]cm{Vm, gX` gdgmmoYem $&& 1 $&& Owcy_ H$oaVr Vw`m [XaM{ Oar ZmH$a $& Oar Z ]S>V\$ m H$naZ XSw>Zr dH$a $&& Var Z ]h Xm{f m gH$i _` amOmVr $& dWmM Amph qZXVm| ]h H$OmJ `m gVr $&& 2 $&& Ag|nh hUerc H$s hZZH$m`H$Vm, _Zm $& oZgJoZ`_|oM Vm{ J_V Xw> gm`m OZm $&& H$i{, Z Q>iV| ^m{! _aU g>dVyg V| $& ode{f [na dH$Vm ^aV^ydar ^mgV{ $&& 3 $&& eVmpX oJoicr ^m{! oH$oVH$ H$m{dir ]mcH{$ $& oH$Vr VU ^ojc{! oH$nV H$dr $& oH$Vr ]m{cH{$ $&& Jwa|oh Z Awam| oXcr! Ahh hm AYmer oH$Vr $& Ii| N>iwoZ gm{S>cr ^aV y^o_H$m gVr $&& 4 $&& har Ahh Am_`m JwUoZYmZ `m _mYdm $& OZH$oVoZ`m_H$s AwoMV H$m` H$m _mYdm? JUm{oZ H$V_Vwcm ]hV XS>Vm{ hm Amhm $& d`| AgwoZ Mm{aQ>m, ZoM Ow_moZVm{ Vm{ Vwhm $&& 5 $&& eH{$ Z gw]cmpdVm OZ[Xm N>cm`m Ic $& hVme OZ JmOwZr o_aod `mS> O{W{ ]c $&& Ahm R>H$odc|, H$c{! od^dem` emcr OZm $& ham{oZ odO`m Var MwH$V hroh _H$[Zm $&& 6 $&& JVmpX [ew _mZd| oJiwoZ H$m` hm O{odcm $& a_{e _wIewocm oMa Om] H$s g{odcm $&& cdJ odO`m ^cr MaMam{oZ`m Mmodcr $& Icmg, ^w! [mohO{ Vd JXm Vwdm Xmodcr $&& 7 $&& OJ` WamaV| ]YwoZ `Vm[mVr $& Z`d AZ`mghr dXod V| OZt gVr $&& oT>c{ H$oZ Q>moH$c| ]c Amc]mh Ag{ $& `_m oZ`o_`m OJt ZM g_W H$m{Ur oXg{ $&& 8 $&& AYr oZ[OVr oH$Vr PQ>oV X{eH$m`u Ag{ $& VemV [aVVm OoIoUZ| [wa{ ^mnac| $&& Aem N>iwoZ`m `_m o_iV H$m` H$sVu OZm $&

  • dVw` JoS> AmT>i{ VnaM _X X{ gm_Zm $&& 9 $&& AYt OZhVme h{ odJV d^ d| [m{ic{ $& VemV g_ H$m{oUhr od]wY _mYdm`m Zg{ $&& hUm{Zr aS>Vm| y^! Z ]h `m`_yVuVd & d^$-OZH$m_Xm od\$c hm{ Z _mPm Vd $&& 10 && dX{eohVgmYH$m OZZ h| Agm{ gdXm $& Iwemc _J _madt `_H$a| AJm gdXm $&& Vg{M Z[Vr gwYr gVV em{^dm{ hr _hr $& OJ` ^m{! Agm{ g\$c Z_ VH$ma hr $&& 11 $&&

    (1901)

  • 24. [dZcrcm ([naM` hr H$odVm ZmoeH$ `{Wrc Jm{Xmdar`m _ohcm`m KmQ>mdarc [dZcrcmda aMcr Amh{.)

    (cm{H$) (dm dgVoVcH$m)

    hm{Vm| [hmV ]gcm| gwd`` dmQ> $& amO{ [wT>| `wdoV-`w $ gwa` KmQ> && Vm| gyQ>cm gwao^ XojU _XdmV & _Xo>M{gh Kwg{ `wdVrOZmV && 1 &&

    (qAdOm - Aw[|dOm) cmrV [mhm{oZ _wImg qAXy $& Vt H$U _m{`| _wIY_-q]Xy && Aer Ywdr d gwem{^ Zm`m & `m{Z{g_m hmgV _X hm`m && 2 $&& Y_moM`m gwXa q]Xw-[$s $& ^mcmdar oZc em{^VmVr && X{ MmcZm dm w` OAt V`mgr & q]XrM dmQ>{ Sw>cV{ _Zmgr && 3 && gm X` ImUrdacr ^wOJr $& d{Ur, _Ur [w[oM a$aJr && eH$m{oZ dm y` o^AwZr [imcm & oZOud _mJm{oZ ]Km{oZ R>{cm && 4 && Am{c| gwQ>{, \$mH$V X{hH$mpV $& H$m{Ur gVr Z{gV d hm{Vr && dmhoZ Z{`m dgZmog Vr`m & gX]amcm oedcm gVr`m && 5 && H$m{[| ^a{, YmQ> ]Km{oZ gmMr $& dmcmoM H$s H$m{[hVmeZmMr && OAt V`m Vrd H$Q>mj _mar & Omirc dmQ>{ OJVrM gmar && 6 && dm`y Wama{, ^`^rV Vr`m $& cmJ{ [XmOmog _hmgVr`m && gd|oM Vm{ Wm{a Od| [imcm & ""odZm`H$mMm'' oh d`` Amcm && 7 && - ZmoeH$, 1901

  • 25. _JcmMaU $(Am`m - JroV)

    oZ_woZ`m ]mS>{ eVH$m{Qr> ^oZ `mV AwaUmam $& ^yOc- V{OmoXH$ m VdmM{ AmOZZ H$aUmam $&& 1 $&& erf gh `mcm AJoUV _wIZ`ZhV `moh O`m $& Xmod`c| `X$[m `Xw[oVZ| dna[werf[mX O`m $&& 2 $&& V` Z `m{Jtmht, J` Z _w$mghr J_mdm Vm{ $& eVH$m{Q>r odm`m AdH$methr [wam Z_mdm Vm{ $&& 3 $&& `mcm JnV N>Xm{]XY F$Mm O[woZ d{X Mma gXm $& `m`m dagmX| dV{ YZYm`H$X \$cag hm $&& 4 $&& lr_X`mg| H{$cr `VdZmcm [wamUJWH$cm $& AR>amXm JmAwoZhr `X_oh_m [yU Z{UVm WH$cm $&& 5 $&& Zm AmH$oV d |` [na d{N>{Vd Om{ AZV$[mZ{ $& ZQ>cm Pmcm Am[U gdoM VUYm`Zrc$[mZ| $&& 6 $&& `mcm _wHw$X H$m{Ur H$m{oU KZ`m_ am_ _mZmd| $& _mZmd| oed _mYd H$m{Ur H{$hm H$g|oh `m Jmd{ $&& 7 $&& `m ew d `km A`$m oZ` dm_crZmV| $& Zo_Vm| H$s [yV H$am{! _mV| AkmZV_- _crZmV| $&& 8 $&& dXwoZ `m OJXrem dmMH$dXm Z_r AZV ahm $& gX`mZm| AreH$[mH$soVd[| Vwhr AZV ahm $&& 9 $&& AXdar Or H{$cr g{dm A[wcr deo$`m _mZ| $& _mZwoZ `mdr Vwhr g`mZr gd Vrg {_mZ| $&& 10 $&& MwH$cm{ Ag{Z H$m{R>{ AVacm|hr Ag{Z g{d{cm $& hmdr j_m V`mMr j_`m gVm Zg{ _wit d{cm $&& 11 $&& "JU[oV' cm "lrH$Um' "_m{ohoZamOm'g "odZmWm'cm $& _m`m c{IH$dXm oed X{ _mJ{Z odZmWmcm $&& 12 $&& [wZao[ oZ_cX`{ dmMH$dXmog h| Agm{ Z_Z $& g{d{[mgwoZ `m`m g`oM T>ic| H$Xmo[ h| Z _Z $&& 13 $&& R>{dr c{IoZcm m odZdwoZ oedmWMr odZm`H$ Vm{ $&& Zm`H$ Vm{ OJVmMm ^$ VdZmog _woXV Am`H$Vm{ $&& 14 $&&

  • 26. H{$aiH$m{oH$iH$mamM| dmJV ([naM` ZmoeH$ `{W| `md{ir ZwH$`mM Wm[Z Pmc{`m o__{im gW{g ^{Q> X{`mg H{$aiH$m{oH$iM{ g[mXH$

    `{Uma hm{V{. `md{ir odZm`H$amdmZr aMc{c{ m{H$.) (emXycodH$soS>V)

    lr_N>^woeamdar odcgV{ Jm{Xmdar gdXm $& [m[jmcZH$m_, g_woZda| Or d{o>Vm gdXm && Ymd{ l{>[XpWVm [na Ywdy ZrMmJ JJmgVr & l{>m _yoV VwPr AhmVd oAW| `{Vm Ver ^mgVr && 1 hm{Vr ZmXV H$soVX{od VwOcm g{dyoZ A`mXa| $& lrJrVmOZZr

    23 VwPr Vd Jhm `{Vm da| `m Xa| &&

    gmgyMm N>i AmR>dm{oZ oZgQ>{ J{cr [im{Zr Xwar & _m`m H$U[W| Ag| H$iod`m Y`mog oOhm H$ar && 2 lramOm oed Km{a ewX_Zt XmXm ^amar ^c{ $& Vm{| doMV| V`mdnac, O{ Xd| Ahm cm^c{ && hr oOhm O[V{ Vg{ oZoeoXZt h{ H$U ZmXmdc{ & >r hr Z Mi{ ohcm AwoJM `m deZm Xm]c| && 3 q]XyM{ ]ZV| Vi| Xq` `m go>H$_mV| Yam $& qhXy O{ AgVrc gd o_iwZr A{H$s H$am a{ H$am && qZXyZr OZKmVH$maH$ gwIm X{emo^_mZm dam & ewc|Xydc dY_mZ `e hm{ odkm[Zm Ardam && 4 `m `m am>ohVmW oZ` PQw>Zr H$V`H$_m _am $& m`m emgZ `m [amg ]wY hm{ _mZ{c od ^am && dm`m gm{Sw>oZ dmX, gK H$Zr a{ Aw$ hr Yam & m`m ogog Aw h{Vwg Aem hr

    24 O_cr gwXam && 5

    AmOr `{AwoZ`m A_y` A[w`m d{imV Amhmdar $& dm Or H{$ocg g` Vr Aw[H$Vr odkm[Zm hr dar && [mOt m VUmg ]m{Y gwagm Xm{fmghr gmdat & JmOr Vy H$a Jm X`m `OwoZ`m am{fmg Xmgmdar && 6 - ZmoeH$, 1901

    23 H{$aiH$m{oH$iH$mam`m gd H$odVmhZ `mZr H{$c{`m JrV{darc cm{H$mZr `mMr H$sVu \$ma dmT>cr. 24 hr o__{im gWm; ohM{ Aw{e cm{H$ H$. 4 oZ 5 m Xm{Z cm{H$mV oZX}oec{ Amh{V.

  • 27. dfm{o$ ([naM` Ohmacm OmVmZm cmJUm`m KmQ>mV gwMc{c{ odMma `m H$odV|V _mS>c{ Amh{V. hr H$odVm "H$mi'_`{

    N>m[cr hm{Vr.) (emXycodH$soS>V)

    JmS>rcm df Owo[cm YnaV Om{ Oy Wm{a _mZ{dar $& Amcm AwM MTy>Z KmQ> X_cm J{cm AdmH$m Var && hm{Vm dmhZ Z{V dmhZ VAt Vm{ _XMmar V`m & H$m{Ur qhXw dX{ gJd X |` oY$madmUrg m && 1 && hm oYH$ a{ df, _mZ dmH$dwoZ`m Vy Xmggm am]er $& _m{R>{ Oy OS> h| Ag ^a hm odlmoVhr Zm Ver && Vm|S>r {` ]h \|$g mU Zwacm _mar YZr hm Var & dmQ>{ [m[oM _yoV_V df a{ dm_ hm AVar && 2 && AH{$ Vm{ df emoVZ| gH$c h{ Awma `mM{ Ag{ $& Xmdm{Zr p_V _X `mV ]hYm oY$ma ^mar dg{ && ]m{c{ qhXwog `m Aa{ _O ]h qZXmdM| VmoS>c| & R>mdr dpWoV A[hr Z VwOcm h| `m _Zt VmoS>c| && 3 && qZXm`OH$ eX `m{OwoZ ]h _m`m Y`m qZXgr $& H$gm dmJodVm{ Vwcm Vd YZr h| A[ Zm [mhgr $&& K{Vm{ H$m_ [aVw X{V _Ogr Im`mog _mPm YZr $& _yT>m d{VZ H$m` X{ Vd YZr em{Ym{oZ [mh| _Zt && 4 && `mV| am` A\$mQ> Am`dgwYm Vgr O`m Ao[cr $& Xm{hm`mg gwdU^y gVV dm hV| O`mcm oXcr && cm{IS>r AgVmoh H$mMZ_`m H{$crg `X^y Aa{ & Vm{ X{Ar VwO H$m` d{VZ VwPm dm_r H$Wt gda| && 5 && qH$dm Vy hUerc H$s Vd YZr Am^ma ^mar dX{ $& amO{ amd]hmXwamoXH$ Vwcm _m{R>m oH$Vm]mog X{ && Ag{ ewH$ oH$Vm] K{AwoZ Vwdm dmV`g[V oXcr & hm hm! JX^ K{AwZr gwao^cm d{S>m H$er Ao[cr && 6 && "O{.[r.' ]c Vg{ _hmdf^ "gr.Eg.Am`.' ZXr Aem $& X{ArZm [X`m _cm __ YZr ZmZm Oar ewH$em && X{Vm{ oZ` VUmg Jma oha`m Im`m, o[`mV| Ocm & Zmht K{V o_R>mdar H$a, Zg{ _r Y` H$m AmOcm && 7 && ^mar XmdwoZ`m X`m ohUodgr H$s Wm{a Oy _r Yar $& AYm [mhog Zm [aVw A[w`m O| H$m` _mZ{dar && Amh{ O| OS> \$ma ^yo_da`m gm`m ZJmhyoZ V| & Jd} AwVem Vw`mohda V| a{ EH$ Oy amhV| && 8 && ZjmhoZhr Ag` dgVr A`m` `m AVat $& Omir O| dcZmhZr `_[war `mhoZ Amh{ ]ar && ZmemMm O]S>moM H$s AdXem _mh{a `m _moZV| &

  • X{Vr `moV "[maV`' Ao^Ym Oy dmhgr hm` V| && 9 && _mVm Am `dgwYam [a Vw`m S>m{`m[wT>{ ^m{oJVr $& Xmna`mgh [maV` Xw]`m _mZ{dar cmXVr && V{hm `{AwoZ _mZdr VZwg ]m Vy gmoYc| H$m` V| & ^y^mam[na Jd^ma AOwZr dom H$m dmhV|? && 10 $&& Vy oZe [aVw _r Z AOwZr oZeJ Pmcm| Var $& deJ{ VwO \$moS>Vm{, ]K JS>m gm{S>m{oZ X{Vm{ [ar && gm{S>t Jd dX{e^ma ha`m `Zmog AmYt H$ar & hm{B Are[Xr gwcrZ [wadr g{Vwcm lrhar && 11 && - Ohma, 1901

  • 28. lroedmOr_hmamOmMr AmaVr ([naM` \$`wgZ _hmodmc`mVrc ""Am`Z gK'' Zmdm`m Mm`m ^m{OZgKm_`{ `{H$ AmR>dS>mg

    hU`mgmR>r hr AmaVr aMcr.) (Mmc - AmaVrMr)

    O`X{d O`X{d O` O` oedam`m `m `m AZ`eaUm Am`m Vmam`m $&& Yw.$&& Am`m`m X{emdna c|N>mMm Kmcm Amcm Amcm gmdY hm{ oed^y[mcm! goXVm ^y_mVm X{ VwO hmH{$cm H$Umad ^{XwoZ Vd X` Z H$m J{cm? 1 lrOJX]m OrVd ew^ moXH$ ^jr Xe_wI _XwoZ Or lraKwda gajr Vr [yVm ^y_mVm c|N>mhr N>iVm VwOodU oVO oedam`m H$m{U XwOm mVm? 2 V Ahr XrZ Ahr eaU Vwcm Amcm| [adeV{`m [met _aUm{_wI Pmcm| gmYw [namUm`m XwH$oV Zmem`m ^JdZ ^JdXJrVm gmW H$am`m `m 3 AHw$oZ`m Am`mMm Ymdm _ohdacm H$Um{|$ dJu lroedZ[ Jqhdacm X{emVd oedZ{at K{Ar X{hmcm X{emVd am`JS>t R>{dr X{hmcm X{edmV`mMm XmVm Om{ Pmcm ]m{cm VVlr_pedZ[ H$s O` ]m{cm 4 - [wU{, 1902

  • 29. odmV AmOdna emV H$m` Pmc|? ([naM` Imcrc H$odVm "Am `Z drH$cr'gmR>r W_ aMcr. ZVa "H$mi' [mVhr og Pmcr.)

    (dgVoVcH$m) [mdm` IS> AdK| oOV `[mV| $& Xmna AmoU ^` H$m[oV `m Vm[| && Zmemog [maogH$

    25 V{oh [cmV J{c{ &

    odmV AmOdna emV H$m` Pmc| && 1 $&& >> V{ qOoH$ [maogH$, X{ OJVm XamV|, $& O| oXO`r ]c VwP|oh oeH$Xam, V| && dgrV am{_

    26 Vd amO[war naKmc| &

    odmV AmOdna emdV H$m` Pmc|? && 2 && gm_m` odVV AZV Ag|oM gmM| $& `mhr _hmoWV am{_H$[mZmM| && hU|

    27 hUm{oZ KU MyUodMyU H{$c| &

    odmV AmOdna emV H$m` Pmc|? && 3 && hm AwVr-AdZVrg g_w OmVm{ $& ^mdmZ adroh AwX`mV AIS> K{Vm{ && AwH$f AmoU A[H$f g_mZ R>{c{ & odmV AmOdna emV H$m` Pmc|? && 4 && O{ _m \$maoM ]cmpdV Jddmhr $& Awo _mZg AwXmgoh O{ V`mht && h| [mohO{ d_qZ gVV qMoV`{c| & odmV AmOdna emV H$m` Pmc|? && 5 && - [wU|, 1902

    25 [maogH$- oAamUr [maogH$mM{ [ohc{ ]i gm_m`. V{ ogH$XamZ{ qOH$c{. 26 `m oeH$XamM| gm_m`H|$ Om{ Jrg X{e Vm{hr H$mhr H$mcmVamZ{ am{_Z cm{H$mZr [mXmH$mV H{$cm. 27 `m am{_Z gm_m`mZ{hr e{H$S>m{ df} AqO` O{V{ hUyZ gmm JmOod`mZVa AJXr amZdQ> dmQ>Um`m "hU' cm{H$mZr V{ [mXmH$mV H$Z `mM{hr VwH$S>{ VwH$S>{ H$$Z Q>mH$c{.

  • 30. ]mcodYdm-XwpWoVH$WZ ([naM` _w]Ar`m qhXw `woZAZ c]m`m h{_V `m`mZ_mcm go_VrZ| Imct oXc{`m odf`mda`m Awm_

    H$odV{g 20 [`mM{ [mnaVm{ofH$ X{Ay$ H{$c| hm{V|. `m [Y}gmR>r `m AZ{H$ H$odVm go_VrH$S>{ Am`m, `m[H$s am. lr[mX Zmam`U _wOw_Xma, ]r.E. AmoU am. odZm`H$ Xm_m{Xa gmdaH$a m`m H$odVm go_Vrg ]hV{H$ g_mZ `m{`V{`m dmQ>`md$Z, _yi aH$_|V AmUIr 10 [`mMr ^a KmcyZ `mg `{H$s [Yam [Yam [`mM| [mnaVm{ofH$ X{`mV Amc|.)

    odf` ""VwV gw$ Agc{`m JmoWH$ go[mVmZ| `m qhXw o`mda A[ d`mV dY`mMm Kmcm [S>cm Amh{, `m`m pWVrM| dUZ H$$Z, `mM| XwI H$_r H$amd`mgmR>r Aw[m` `m{O`mg PQ>md|, Aer Z`m oZ Ow`m _Vm`m cm{H$mg H$drZ| m{gmhZ[a odZoV H$aU{.'' gmdaH$amMr Am`m aMZ{Vrc JoV oZ gm_moOH$ _VmVrc AwXmaVm m H$odV{VyZ `mZr {`V{.)

    (Am`m)

    [m`m [adeVm `m, XwH$mim`m oecmoh Om{ aoMcm, $& AdZoV-H$VmV-H{$oc-mgmXm c{J H$ig `m IoMcm && 1 $&& ZXZdZg_ _m{hH$ g>rMm gma^yV hm X{e $& hm{ o> Y` [mhoZ, YoZ Agm c{J Xq` Aw{e && 2 && Am`mdVv Amcm, _w]nAcm R>{odc| _J [Xmcm; $& Pmcm AV gwImMm, `{ AyV AZVd-od[Xmcm $&& 3 && Or AoH$cr V`mhoZ eV[Q> AoYH$moM gwoMVm Y`m $& [mhoZ ^wccm Iwccm; dXcm _m{hH$ Z ^y Aer A`m && 4 && ZmZm-Wc-pWVm lr Adcm{Hw$oZ oZ` _r ZdrZod V{ $&

    {`W ]g{Z `qh go> Mrcm oOW| ZdrZ odV{ && 5 && H{$cm oZ` Agm, Hw$admiwoZ _w]B ^`mU H$at $& hm{ oYJ Z oZO oOU| V|, `mVd ]K`m [wU| `mU H$ar && 6 && Jm{XmZmZmVd H$na lr_`]H$[warg J_Zmcm; $& Amcm [MdQ>rcm V{WwoZ`m am_am`-Z_Zmcm && 7 && ]h H$m` dXm|? H{$c| A{`m AXmV X{e[`Q>Zm $& [dZmhoZ OdZ, ZMr X_cm hm H$s odoM odoYKQ>Zm && 8 && c{J H$emMm Amcm? H$VH$_mMmoM ^m{J AdVacm $& H$_m`m \$cm`m Aw[^m{JmdrU H$m{U ^d Vacm? && 9 && H{$ct ^`mU ZJa|, ZJamg_ XmQ> gd dZ dgV| $& X_c{ Z_c{ J_c{ hVgdoM _ V gwZdg V{ && 10 && cmc Jwcmc| AmoUH$ Am{oV`c{`m g_J H$mdoS>Z| $& Ama$ ZJa_mJv a$o` ZmMVmoV AmdoS>Z| $&& 11 && ""]m{cm{ ^mB am_'' doZ hmoM oXJV gd Z^^a Vm{ $& dmVmdaUWmhr c{JOZH$ H$m` Vm[^a ^aVm{? && 12 && JhoZJV hm `{W| cm{Q>oM A[eHw$ZgyMH$ YwamMm $& `{Vm{, Vgh Xwgh hm da H$s odahV odYwamMm && 13 && ""h{ H$mV{! h{ H$mV{! X{ Am{! Vd H$mV _mna hmH{$cm $&

  • H$gm ggmamMm OS> JmS>m cJS>m Ahm H{$cm && 14 && _r ey`X`, _mPr X`Wm X{od Vr dam J{cr; $& jU Wm] gI{, {`Vm| hm hm{Ay ZH$m{ AVrd amJ{cr'' && 15 && Vgm `{ H$m{_cgm H$m{UmMm `{W am{XZda hm? $& hm H$ic|; _X ad| aS>Vm{ Hw$oU A{H$ ]mc ^mda hm && 16 && ""]m]m, AmAr J{cr Q>mHw$oZ`m H$mc, Vm| Vwhr _Ocm $& AmOoM m ]mcmcm `OwZr`m Omd`mog H$m gOcm && 17 && qH$dm J{cmg oVcm [acm{H$s gm{]Vrg? gmJ _cm $& [na ]m]m, ggmamH$_Um oeew hm g_W H$m J_cm?'' && 18 && [na hm`! X`Xmhr _OwiadgK Wm{a h]aS>{ $& `{VmoV Hw$R>m{Zr h{? H$s hm [waX{dVmH$X] aS>{? && 19 && ""_gm^m`lr-[oV, _p`, _mrd, _rZH$mgmam! $& AmQ>odcm A{H$mH$s rVrMm Ydc Am{K H$m gmam? && 20 && H$m m Zm `wma? H$m H{$cm AmO hm Agm gdm? $& `mc| _r; m a_Um Yra _Zm AqH$ A{H$Xm ]gdm && 21 && Aw[^m{J ^m{oJcm ZM gdgahr Ahm{ oZVmV [wam $& gOUm! gOcmog H$gm Om`mcm A{H$cm H$VmV[wam? && 22 && O{ Am[U Kmcodc{ {_m`m MoH$m-H$a| ^ac{ $& AmR>dVr H$m V{ oXZ O{ oZo_fmYmV dmQ>Vr gac{? && 23 && _r A{H$Q>rM AgVm Am[U o^ddmd`m _cm Amcm $& [mAwc MwHw$Zr dmOwoZ `m ]h Aw[hmg Am[wcm H{$cm && 24 && Vm{ S>md Yam{Zr H$m _mZ dam Km]ar H$am`mcm? $& `mc| _r, hmg{Z Z _m`m AmVm ]arH$ am`mcm && 25 && [m{Q>t amJ Zgm{oZoh AwoJM A]m{c{ oH$VrH$Xm hmd{; $& Aw^`mghr Z H$iVm H$g| VH$mc ]m{cw cmJmd| && 26 && jwH$em _mZmVd H$m{[| joUH|$ gm{oZ`m ]gcm|, $& >rg o> o_iVm h{Vw`oVna$ Aw^`hr hgcm| && 27 && h| gd AmR>d{ H$m? X{V| V_aU H$m` _m{X _Zm? $& H$m `wma m Zm o` A]cmX`^roVM{ X_Zm? && 28 && Vna H$m` H$mV J{c{? _oU_Jigy H$m` __ VwQ>c|? $& Z>m Xdm, VS>Hw$oZ H|$od VWm[r Z X` h| \w$Q>c|? && 29 && Om{ __ gH$Q> dmnac Aemcm eaU _r Hw$Um OmAy ? $& OmAwoZ`m m \w$Q>`m Z> H$[mimog H|$od __ Xmdy? && 30 && OmVm ZmW rMm Vr JmArhoZ Jm` _mZmd|, $& gwQ>H$m A]cmMr `m H$a`m K{gr Z H$m `_m Zmd|? && 31 && ]Yy Zm, ]mYd Zm, Zm _mVmo[Va `m A^mJrV| $& `m _mPt XwImMr ^wOr! [m|MoV Z H$m Z^m JrV|? && 32 && _r A[d`r ]mcm, _mPm gm^m`oZoY Ahm Oicm $& dY`mMm XwYa ^`H$a oJna hm MS> H$m{gicm && 33 && H$m` H$$? OmAw Hw$R>|? hm{ _mP{ Amgm{`a{ gma{ $&

  • Vmam AZmW ]mcm, N>i ]KVm dW ]gwZr H$m a{? && 34 && X{V| H$m H$m{Ur Am{ A]c{`m m _Xr` hmH{$cm? $& ]m{cm hm{, ]m{cm hm{, YramMm eX A{H$ Vna ]m{cm && 35 && N>{! H$m{U X{V ]gVm{ A]c{`m H$_H$hmoUg _mZ $& dgwImV _ OZ h{ c{oIoV [aXwI H$[Q>g_mZ && 36 && ]mYd hm{! [nagVgm H$m h{ XwImV ]mocH$m]m{c? $& J_VmoV g` qH$dm ^mgoV Vwhmog gd V{ \$m{c? && 37 && jU^a Vna gX` _Z| emVrZ| gdhr odMma H$am $& AYd h>oh [wa{, `m`mMm hm{ oAV[a Z odH$am && 38 && Amcm c{J V`mM| R>adm`mgr oZXmZ YS>[S>cm| $& H$mht ZoM `{ hmVm, H{$dc AVQ> [mV Z YS> [S>cm| && 39 && "oA[{eZ' "oS>goA\{$eZ' Aet e|H$S>m| "eZ|' AwR>ct $& hQ>dm`mV| mcm [na ]m[wqS> gd Am[UoM hQ>ct && 40 && [na m [amO`mMm Xm{f Zg{ oVioh Am[w`mdaVt $& ""`Z{ H$V{ Z ogX`oV H$m{ Xm{fm{'' Vd gV h| dXVr && 41 && [na `m H$m{_c ]mcmdaVr dY`-XwI H$m{gic| $& odahmrZ| Ia| Am_VH$[mX X{hhr Oic{ && 42 && dY` OZH$ `m`m Xwgh XwImog e_Z H$adm`m $& IoM`c| H$m A[oh gH$_u gX` gw_Z H$a dm `m? && 43 && VwpWVr AS>dm`m ""oA[{eZ'' H$m{UM| Aw^mnaVgm? $& `m`m XwXdmcm H$d`m _|H$$oZ ^mnaVgm? && 44 && Jna] o]Mm`m ]mcm AmYt A]cm, AZmW `mdaVr $& hm`! oVaH$V hm{Vr oZH$maU cmoH$H$mV ]mdaVr && 45 && OmVm [Vr AH$mct ]mc{cm ey` XeoXem hm{Vr $& _mh{at lr Zgcr, [wgVm _J H$m` V{ Xem hm{ Vr && 46 && [m`JwUmMr Amcr ^jm`mcmoM A{H$Xm [oVV| $& IaVa eXeamZ| Xra ZUXm AZ{H$ Xm[oV V{ && 47 && {_mZ| ]m{cod`m "jU _m`m AmO ]mnA Am{H$m `m' $& Zmht H$m{Ur Awac| _m`{M| XwI H$mqh Am{H$m`m && 48 &&

    w`dVr ]am{]ar`m [oVgh H$naVr odcmg hmgoV V| $& [mhoZ, odahdmcm AoYH$moYH$ Omoi, Xwghm goVV| && 49 && MwH$dr gVV dXZm cmm`m{J| OZmog Xmdm`m $& H$R>r Am`w`mV| YZr Ordm _Zmog Xmdm`m && 50 && Z{ Oc| S>]S>]c{, H$m{_c _Xw Jmc Omhc{ Am{c{ $& J{c{ Im{c H$[m{coh, j`gyMH$ [mSw>ad ]h Amc| && 51 && d[oVodZm dZthr [a[wft Zmqh Z{ Om{oS>`c{ $& OrZ| [oVoZYZmVd gm{oS>`c{ ^m{J hma Vm{oS>`c{ && 52 && e`m ^yo_ oZOm`m, AeZ Ahm{amq A{H$ cmJmd| $& oOV H$m__m{h AgVr, goV_mcmH$sVZt oOcm Jmd| && 53 && V_wI A[eHw$Zm[X, ew^dXZm od`m{ofVm JUVr $&

  • gwa^rcm ^{gwa V{, gmX`mJma JX^r hUVr! && 54 && dr`m oZYZm{ma Ona hm{oV Z odYwa Aew^XeZ V{ $& Vna odYdmdna XwohmM| H$m `W `{ gwXeZ V|? && 55 && `WoM Xw$dMZ| m`m odYdmoM`m _Zm MQ>H$m $& gOV{ Vr Z PS>mdr IcoOhm Xw>H$m_Zm MQ> H$m? && 56 && oApN>oV oVVH{$ d{im odYwamZr fS>agmog ^jmd|; $& oZ`H$^w$ amhoZ odYdmZr [na H$X cjmd| && 57 && XwHw$cmcH$mamZ| odYwaOZmM| eara dmH$md| $& hc`m d| gVV odYdmZt d[w [aVw PmH$md| && 58 && _mJ`X hmd| odYwamM| ZrMemoh dXZ Ia| $& Jw gmJ{ oe`mV| odYd{M| Aew^g|oM [X ZI a{ && 59 && gmR>r`m OaR>mZm{, odYwamZm{, Zd dYy Iwemc dam $& cm`m A>oXZr odYdm [na A` Zm dam{ Zdam && 60 && hm `m` H$m{U? H$m hm{ odYdm-odYwamV ^{X hm Agcm? $& H$g`m A[amYmMm A]cmZm Hy$a XS> hm ]gcm? && 61 && lwoV H$m` AZwk{V| X{V{ odYdmog Aew^ c{Im`m? $& gmJmc H$m` VN>c hm g_V hm{` oZJ_c{Im `m? && 62 && qH$dm _oV h{ H$oWVr? qH$dm X{ Y_em g_oVcm? $& gXgoMma[ydH$ qH$dm h| `m` J_Vg{ _oVcm? && 63 && [pZoZYZ odYwamMm gm_moOH$ h$ Zme H$naZm V| $& rM| g_mO-g_V [oVoZYZ| Z> H$m Var ZmV|? && 64 && A_g_mO dV} H$m`} Ona Zm VWmo[ A`m`| $& odYdmer oAVw`m H$s H$sd V`mMr [aW A`m `{ $&& 65 && cmm[X Amhm [na og J_{, h|oM A` Zm H$mht & Y_mZ| `m`mZ| VH$mZ| god{H$_oVZ|hr && 66 && AmOdar h| [mVH$ A`m`mM| `W{N> gmModc| $& VjmcZ| gwH$`m AOwoZ Var [mohO{M dmModc{ && 67 && `mVoh XwXdmZ| YmoS>`c| c{Jam{Jodf Oha $& `qh Ag` ]mcm odYdm ]ZVr A[yd `{ H$ha && 68 && F$VwemVrM{oM oXZt oH$oVH$mM| H$mVoZYZ hm{`, oH$Vr $& V[yduhr dY`m`m dmV}og hV Am`oH$Vr && 69 && `mVoh KS>V| Z Ag| A[dmXm[X [aVw oZ`oh V| $& mg_ Z A` KmVH$ c{Jm{[mXH$ AZV A`ohV| && 70 && `m`m JohUr OmVr, H$mcmZ| V{ JhW hm{VmV; $& H$`m[woh cm^oh m`mcm Yra dW hm{ VmV && 71 && dmMm gwV J{cm, dmH$s Vm{ XmH$mog K{Arc $& do[Vm _aVm VoU gwV ggmat g_W hm{Arc && 72 && gdmog Aw[m` Ag{ emmZ| dm gw$oT>Z| odohV; $& [na Z X`m `{ Aw^`m odYdmM| gmY`mg V{ odohV && 73 && em| Aw[{oj`m `m, N>oi`m oT>Z| V`mV eV[Q> hm{ $&

  • A]cmZm odYdmZm AOwoZ Var Vma`mg IQ>[Q> hm{ && 74 && AmVmoh Ona Aw[{jm XwpWqVVwoZ `mog Awam`mV| $& Vna hm [mVH$[dV e$ Z hm{Arc Y Yam mV| && 75 && doXH$ hm{ o^jwH$ hm{ AwmaH$ hm{ Ahm{ gwYmaH$ hm{ $& gX` _ZmZ| H$m{Ur A]cmZm gH$Q>mV VmaH$ hm{ && 76 && Adcm{oH$Vm Z [oVM| dXZoh, dY` _m Adcm{H$s $& H$m V[wZoddmhm m Agm{ g_Vr Z Zd cm{H$s? && 77 && Y_mo^_mZ hUO{ H$mhr gwodd{H$ey`Vm Zmht $& H$mcpWoVde Y_oh Amh{ h| Vd _m` _m`mhr && 78 && gwkmZ| gwodMma| pW`Zwgma| dY_ gwYamdm; $& Am[oVMm Ym{[Q> _mJoM hm h> `W Z Yamdm && 79 && gWm[H$ Y_mM{, kmV{ lwoVemVdH$_mM{ $& AmMm`oh dH$_} Wmo[oV AmoM` moM __mM| && 80 && `m JmXrM{ dm_r Amhm Vg_oM [y` hm{VmV; $& `mgoM odZdy dmam A]cmM| XwI [y` hm{ VmV! && 81 && gmR>rMm d H$[r ZddYw Vm`$[^dZ dar, $& V|od Z _mJm| Amhr OaR>m odYdmoh hm{Ay Zd Zdar && 82 && [na `mog [oVgwImMr Amcr H$mhtM H$[Zmhr Zm $& `m`m [wZoddmhm hUU| K{AwoZ odH$[ Zmhr, Zm? && 83 && AmVmoh Ona mZm A[wcm m _mJUrg [admZm $& hm c{J rOmVr Z> H$am`m Yarc [adm Zm && 84 && Ag| [wgmc hmgwoZ H$s r[wfmog hm g_mZ dYr $& rMmoM d H$m hm{? OmUw Z eH$Uma Img _mZd-Yr && 85 && Vna [nagm AmqY dYr [wfmoAVw`m o`m, [ar dna Vm{ $& [wfm _mam{oZ dYy `m`m _{`mg_mZMr H$naVm{ && 86 && Agm H$ha Xwh{ar c{J H$ar rOZmdar ^mar $& Vmam `mgr ^JdZ A]cm hm{Vrc \$ma Am^mar && 87 && Am[U A__mMm` Agm Am[w`modU| H$mht $& hm{Uma gdg_V Aer gm{OZm Z cm{H$mhr && 88 && `m XrZ ]mcodYdm, m `mog [wZoddmh-g_oVcm $& hm gX`X` gH$[ O| hm{Arc _m` g` gmoVcm && 89 && A[_mZm[X dVZ odYdmoV oZ` O| g_mO H$ar $& AmkmXS> Yam{Zr VoVf{Ym H$amoM AmO H$at && 90 && odmXmZm md| emcm Wm[m{oZ mT> odYdmV| $& AkmZ gwod{Z| Z>oM A^{ AZ{H$odY dmV| && 91 && odmXmZ roV AW Z [na V| AZW H$aUma $& dXoV, gwYmmeH$ Vm{ A_ad Z _`wcmM daUma && 92 && hUVrc gwYm-[{` m, [na X`m X{Ay X{d Zm gOVr $& Vna H$m` _m`^oJZrdJm V{ X` c{I`m YOVr? && 93 && odYdm odXwfr hm`m Wm[yoZ AZmW]mocH$ml_ V{ $&

  • Om{S>m [w`, Z hm{Arc Vw> ]KwoZ XrZ ]mocH$m - l_ V{? && 94 && ZroV`hmamoXH$ Wm{am`m a` gH$Wm oeH$dm $& hJm_ kmZmMm gpN>jmdo>Z| gXm o[H$dm $&& 95 && hm{Arc gwoeojVgm odXwftMm dJ `{W Zd cm{H$m $& JhoejU X{AyoZ Om{ Vmnac ^mod O{og Adcm{H$m && 96 && Vmam`mcm _mVm ^oJZr c{H$s Zwfm d^mdO`m $& hm{Arc H$m{U og Z, Ahm! Ag{ _mZdr d^md O`m? && 97 && Hw$Hw$_odaohV ^mc| `wdoVOZmMr Ag` gVV Vt $& [mhoZ cmm`m{J| I{X| PmH$m{V Z`Z gV-VVr && 98 && d VU ZodZ OwZ{ Z{_V Ohmc cm{H$ Vna gma{ $& hma{ gwgm odYdm-XwpWoVhaUmog AmoO [nagm a{ && 99 && gda H$S>mS> _m{S>m hmoZX m $oT>Mm _hm Im{S>m $& Vm{S>m XwpWoV-]{S>r A]cm Vmam{oZ Ydc`e Om{S>m && 100 && Y_m Vmam`mcm, AkmZm $oT>`m ham`mcm, $& H$mct H$mct `{dm{ ^$mdZ Are Vm{ H$am`mcm && 101 && R>{dr c{IoZcm h| od {em odZdwZr odZm`H$ Vm{ $& Zm`H$ Vm{ OJVmMm ^$VdZmog _woXV Am`H$Vm{ && 102 &&

    - [wU|, 1902

    : Am`m H$. 39Mm Xwgam MaU H$. _m_mamd XmV{ AmoU H$. ]mimamd gmdaH$a mZr [wT>rc_mU{ oXcm Amh{. H$mhr ZoM `{ hmVm [S>cm{ Aw_iwoZ`m Z YS> [S>cm{ $&& Am`m H$. 49`m Xwg`m MaUmMm [mR>^{X (_m`X{d gH$ocV T>di{ H$meZm`m gmdaH$amMr H$odVm_`{) Agmhr AmT>iVm{. [mhoZ odahdmcm Omir AoYH$moM Xwghm goVV| $&& hm H$. _m_m XmV{ AmoU H$. ]mimamd gmdaH$a m`m g_J gmdaH$a dmL>_` gmoh` IS>m_Yrc H$odVm IS>mV Amc{cm [mR>^{X m IS>mV K{Vc{cm Amh{.

  • 31. h{ gX`m JU`m Vma ([naM` _{`mgmR>r gmdaH$a AZ{H$ H$dZ{ H$$Z X{V AgV. `mVc{ dmZJr hUyZ h{ H$dZ K{Vc{ Amh{. h{

    Jm{qdXH$dtM{ Zmhr. gmdaH$amM{M Amh{.) (OmoV oVMH$mV oZ [MH$mV)

    (Mmc - Vy Q>mH$ oM$oZ) h{ gX`m JU`m Vma $& Vw`mdna ^ma Vy _m`]m[ AmYma $& Vw`mdna ^ma oH$oV X{e-ew ^yVct N>w ghmhr [ar em[| dm gwea| Omir Vm{ ]mU AmVm ImAr [a`m cmWmMm ]m _ma 1 X{emdna hm Amcm [wf Vm{ cT>m{Zr _{cm r oJir AoH$m>mcm aO[yV [ar `m [adeV{M| ^yV [N>mS>r, Vma 2 AQ>H{$cm P|S>m Z{cm na[w-H$Q>H$m \$Q>H$m oXYcm oXrMm dm_r Pmcm Vm{ eya _amR>m [mqh V`mM{ ImnA Z Hw$Va| hmc 3 - ZmoeH$, 1902

  • 32. ggJ oXdmir (emXycodH$roS>V)

    A`m`mgoh `{, OJt O` OAt Y`m Yam{Zr VXm O{ `m`moV aj`mg YOVr, gm{gm{oZhr Am[Xm Aem Y` ZamJUrgh KS>{, AmhmVr gJ hm Pmcm{ Y` Ahr gwZX`wVhr Pmcr oXdmir [hm $&& 1 $&&

    (Mm`m c]`m _S>it`m AmJhmd$Z 5 o_oZQ>mV aMc{cm (cm{H$) (10-10-1902)

  • 33. Z{hJroV [oH$m (o_d ` lr ZmJ{e Am[Q>{ mZm [mR>odc{`m [mVrc d|Mm)

    h{ o_m "lrH$Um,' N>{ XmOr Vnaoh _m{X X{ Z _Zm $& ""_m_m'' moM {_i hmH{$cm X{V Ao[Vm| Z_Zm $&& 1 $&& O{ Am[U Kmcodc| {_m`m MoH$m H$a| ^ac| $& AmR>odVrH$m V{ oXZ X{ oZo_fmYmV dmQ>Vr gac{ $&& 2 $&& g`mg_`r ]gcm| ]mJ|V [hmV lr V`m gMr $& AmR>dV{ H$m H$gr ^mgoc V{ gwIX Aw^ `mg Mr $&& 3 $&& od_mg`{ {_{ H{$`mog VwPm odZm{X `m eVXm $& AmR>dV{ H$m H$gm H$m{[| joUH|$ Z ]m{ccmog VXm $&& 4 $&& dkmZmMr Aw^ `| H$oZ H$dm`rV dmo^_V eya $& AmR>dV{ H$m H$g| odO`mZXmV Omhcm{ Mya $&& 5 $&& [m{Q>t amJ Zgm{oZoh AwoJM A]m{c{ oH$VrH$Xm hmd{ $& Aw^`mghr Z H$iVm H$g| VH$mc ]m{cw cmJmd{ $&& 6 $&& jwH$em _mZmVd H$m{U| joUH|$ gm{oZ`m ]gcm| $& >rg o> o_iVm h{Vw`oVna$ Aw^`hr hgcm| $&& 7 $&& X{emVd Jm^r`} H$maWmZmog `m{Ow cmJmd| $& H{$hm {_{ H$g| lr_pN>damOH$soVcm Jmd| $&& 8 $&& h{ gd AmR>d{ H$m ? X{V| Vg_aU H$m` _m{X _Zm $& qH$dm `modU {`V{ d[ Z _Oog odah_aX _Zm $&& 9 $&& _aVmoM Ag{c gma| H$em eH$grc `mg odgam`m $& `m Am w`^ mJmMm cm^ KS>{Zm ]S>m ]S>m am`m $&& 10 $&& Aem Y` d`m_mqY odmc`em gwY`Va Wqc O{ $& AreH$[| KS>c| V| o_d Z H$m` Y`V_ gmO{ $&& 11 $&& _Z^yo_H|$V [naM`-_mir o_d-dj Om{ cmdr $&& Z{hOcmZ| [ynaV KmJa dm `mg oZ` Kmcmdr $&& 12 $&& Hw$ecr _r, AoYH$m{ma ZM, `w_j{_ Vyoh H$idmd| $&& didmd| gnaVm dkmoV-gwH$soV-[Q> Z _idmd{ $&& 13 $&& (1-12-1902)

  • 34. oeddra ([naM` o`mZr odZVr H{$`md$Z `mM{gmR>r h{ JrV aMc{ Amh{.)

    (N>X Am{dr) (Mmc rJrVm`m Mmcrda)

    `dZmMm Pmcm, AdZrcm ^ma gwXa _Xra| ^Jrct [ma && d{X-em| Z>mZt ^>odct gmar Jm{_mVm X{IVm haha _mar $&& ]mU _mmZt cmmZt hmoUcm ^wda ^yda oeddra Amcm && AY_mgr Zmem{Zr X{em{mamcm ^wda ^yda oeddra Pmcm && 1 $&& qhXy`m X{emM{ ]KwZr`m hmc OJVmMr OZZr Vr Omhcr cmc && `dZmZm H$m{YmZ| dY`mgr AmAr oedZ{at oed]mgr OZZmgr X{Ar && gwadam oH$am AmZX Pmcm ^wda ^yda oeddra Amcm && 2 && am_m H$mg`m H$s H$Um `em{Xm oedamOm oOOmAr gmO{ O_Xm && lram_| amjg-hZZmgr H{$c| `dZmZm ZmerZ Vg| _r ]m{c{ && gwH$cmZt eoeg_ Vm{ dqJV Pmcm ^wda ^yda oeddra Amcm $&& 3 && O`O`Or aKwdram, JOZm Pmcr lram_XmgmMr _yVu AwX{cr && oed^y[| [m`t T> ^mcmcm H{$c| dm_tZr _VH$s hVm R>{od`c| && X{em Y_m Vmat, Aw[X{e Xrcm ^wda ^yda oeddra Amcm && 4 && _mVcm A\$Owm `dZmV ^mar VwiOm[war ^Jr ^dmZr gmar && H$aH$a Mmdm{Zr AYamcm Ymd{ oedam`mM{dna, [na XwImcm [md{ && AwXam drXmam{Zr ZrMmcm doYcm ^wda ^yda oeddra Amcm && 5 && dmV`X{drMm Jm|Yi H{$cm `O_mZdm_r lroedam` Amcm && gmd`m aJmM{ eya _mdi{

  • {_mZ| Ao^_mZ| Jm|Yir Pmc{ && [maV`mMm _J ]m{H$S> oMnacm ^wda ^yda oeddra Amcm && 6 && Y_mcm Vmna`c| Anada _mna`c{ dmV` g[mXwoZ X{em em{^odc| && AdVma H$`mcm [yUdm Z{c| N>[Vr oed Z[ _J oZOYm_t J{c{ && godZm`H$ H$odZm`H$ JmVr H$dZmcm ^wda ^yda oeddra Amcm && 7 &&

    - `]H{$a, 1903

  • 35. gw_Jc ew^{N>m dm $(xVodcp]V)

    w^dZ_S>[ Wm{a Aw^ mnacm $ JJZ h|oM J_{ N>V `mOcm $ M_H$Vr oH$VrH$oM MmXUr $ gwae^|oVc Xr[oM `{ _Zt $&& 1 $&& ad _Zm{ha V{ H$aV{ VYt $ [aVVr d[wamoV Jm{[Yr $ XeoXemoV `mo[oV Jm{aO $ _J _whyV JUr oO Jm{aO $&& 2 $&& F$of Ac{; ]wY _Jchr Ac{ $ gH$c _S>[ em{^odVr ^c{ $ _J Jw$OZ gdna [mVcm $ dnaV dmH$H$V oZ` Omhcm $&& 3 $&& gwaZXr [wadrV Ocm VXm $ dYwdat _J \{$oH$V AjXm $ daeerOdir dYw-am{ohUr $ hgoV oX`wdVr ^dVr _Zt $&& 4 $&& ]KwoZ codYr Zq^ hm oZH$m $ _aoU `{nA oZ_U- [oH$m $ eoe ]Km{oZ Vwcm _acm| g`m $ ]YwoZ am{ohoU `{ _qZ dp`m $&& 5 $&& eoe Iwc{ da am{ohnUcm Ogm $ IwcV Vy Agerc oVcm Vgm $ Iwcod am{ohoU Vr eoecm Oer $ Vd o`moh Ag{c Vwcm Ver && 6 $&& H$oZ hr VwcZm \$gcm| [at $ Ahh _r oH$oV Xw:oIV AVat $ eoeog Vy Voe am{ohUroh Vr $ Aw^`Vw` Agm Aw^`mVr $&& 7 $&& [a_ OrdgIm eoeMm Agm $ _XZ Vm{ JUVm{ Vd _r Vgm $ dgwXmog g[pZH$ [mhZr $ _XZ Y` Ag| J_V| OZt $&& 8 $&& [na Z Vg_ H$m __ ^m` V| $ Ahh g[V H$m VwcZm oAW| $ __ g`mog g[pZH$ [mhZr $ Z`Z Y` Ag| gcV| _Zt $&& 9 $&& Z`Z h{oM [ar Z eara V| $

  • _Z Ia| enaamoV emgV| $ hUwoZ `o[ X{h Ag{ oAW| $ _Z g`m VwoP`m MaUt oVW| $&& 10 $&& gH$c gq>V [M_ Vd V| $ Z oXgVmoh MamMa `mo[V| $ _Z Vg| __ Zm oXgVm VwV| $ dgV codYtV Ag{c V| $&& 11 $&am