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Salvador dalí

Jan 15, 2015

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  • 1. Salvador DalMad orGenius? Each morning when I awake, I experience again a supre pleasure - that of being Salvador Dali. -Salvador Dali

2. Difficult childhood Salvador Dali was born on May 11, 1904 in the town of Figueres, in the Empord region, closeto the French border in Catalonia, Spain. Dals older brother, also named Salvador (born October 12, 1901), had died of gastroenteritisnine months earlier. Dal was told by his parents that he was his brothers reincarnation, a concept which he cameto believe. Of his brother, Dal said, "...[we] resembled each other like two drops of water, butwe had different reflections." Salvadors father had a strict disciplinary approach to raising children. Salvador wouldnttolerate his sons outbursts or eccentricities, and punished him severely. In February 1921, Dals mother died of breast cancer. Dal was sixteen years old; he later saidhis mothers death "was the greatest blow I had experienced in my life. I worshipped her...After her death, Dals father married his deceased wifes sister. 3. Influential friends In 1922, Dal moved into the Residencia de Estudiantes (Students Residence) in Madrid. Atthe Residencia, he became close friends with (among others) Pepn Bello, Luis Buuel, andFederico Garca Lorca.Pepn Bello, Garca Lorca y Dal en Madrid in 1924 4. In 1926 he made his first visit to Paris, where he met with Picasso, whom theyoung Dal revered. Picasso had already heard favorable reports about Dal fromJoan Mir. As he developed his own style over the next few years, Dal made anumber of works heavily influenced by Picasso and Mir. Pablo PicassoJoan Mir 5. Dal devoured influences from many styles of art, ranging from the mostacademically classic to the most cutting-edge avant garde. His classicalinfluences included Raphael, Bronzino, Francisco de Zurbaran, Vermeer, andVelzquez (from whom he adopted his signature curled moustache).Diego Velzquez Salvador Dal 6. In August 1929, Dal met his muse, inspiration, and future wife Gala, bornElena Ivanovna Diakonova. 7. Amongst Dalis most famous friends was Freud. Indeed much of the surrealistmovement can be paralleled with the work of Freud at that time. Psychoanalytictheory purported to explain and interpret dreams, hidden unconscious desires andthe tapestry of symbolism thereof. This is the foundation of the surrealistmovement.Sigmund Freud 8. Dali soon went into film and produced "Un chien dandalou" (an Andalusian Dog)with Luis Buuel, famous for its slitting of the eye image and the symbolic antscrawling out of the mans arm. French poster of the filmLuis BuuelAn image from Dals dream, part of the inspiration for the film. 9. Dals paranoiac critical methodDals major contribution to the Surrealist Movement was what he called the"paranoiac-critical method, a mental exercise of accessing the subconscious toenhance artistic creativity. Dal would use the method to create a reality from hisdreams and subconscious thoughts, thus mentally changing reality to what he wantedit to be and not necessarily what it was. For Dal it became a way of life.The idea was the use of double imagery in order to "...systematize confusion andcontribute to the total discrediting of the world of reality". 10. First achievementsIn 1931, Dal painted one of his most famous works, The Persistence of Memory, whichintroduced a surrealistic image of soft, melting pocket watches. The general interpretation of thework is that the soft watches are a rejection of the assumption that time is rigid or deterministic.This idea is supported by other images in the work, such as the wide expanding landscape, andthe other limp watches, shown being devoured by insects. 11. Dals heritageFrom 1960 to 1974, Salvador Dal dedicated much of his time to creating the Dal Teatro Museo(Theater-Museum) in Figueres, Spain. The museum was the former Municipal Theater where Dalhad his public exhibition at the age of 14. The original 19th century structure was destroyed atthe end of the Spanish Civil War. Officially opened in 1974 the new structure, formed from theruins of the old, was based on Dals design. The museum is billed as the Worlds largest Surrealiststructure, containing a series of spaces that form a single artistic object where each element is aninextricable part of the whole. The museum houses the broadest range of works by the artistfrom his earliest artistic experiences to works of the last years of this life. Several works onpermanent display were created expressly for the museum. 12. Two wealthy American art collectors, A. Reynolds Morse and his wife Eleanor, who hadknown Dal since 1942, set up an organization called "Friends of Dal" and afoundation to put the artist on a more secure financial footing. The organization alsoestablished the Salvador Dal Museum in St. Petersburg, Florida. 13. Salvador Dal was born to be a genius. He memorized himselffor many generations for his eccentric view on art and life as a whole. He is the icon of surrealism, he made a great progressin this movement in art and earned the right to be called a genius, who had left behind a lot of mysteries for ourcontemporaries yet to discover. 14. Most famous pieces of art by Salvador DalThe Metamorphosis of NarcissusDream Caused by the Flight of a Bee 15. The elephantsLobster TelephoneFace of Mae West 16. Soft Self-portrait with Grilled BaconGeopoliticus Child Watching the Birth ofthe New ManPortrait of Gala with Two Lamb Chops Balanced on Her Shoulder 17. Still Life Moving FastPortrait of Picasso The Face of War 18. The Invisible ManLandscape near FiguerasGalatea of the spheres 19. The en D 20. Resources http://www.biography.com/people/salvador-dal-40389#.UGlz4BEuG1M.delicious http://www.edali.org/biography.jsp http://www.surrealists.co.uk/dali.phpPerformed byVezenova Anastasia, group RIMO-201Contact details: Mobile number: 89163711943 E-mail address : [email protected]