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Apr 10, 2015



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SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation)

Aim Behind Creation Of SAARC A platform Process of economic and social development in member state.

Salient FeaturesSAARC has following salient features: most ancient living civilization sleeping giant all religions, faiths, and ideologies a common market called sapta and later safta. largest irrigated land areas - 67 million hectares. second largest railway network largest english speaking areas

History of SAARCThe South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is an economic and political organization of eight countries in Southern Asia. In terms of population, its sphere of influence is the largest of any regional organization: almost 1.5 billion people, the combined population of its member states. In the late 1970s, Bangladesh President Ziaur Rahman proposed the creation of a trade bloc consisting of South Asian countries. The Bangladeshi proposal was accepted by India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka during a meeting held in Colombo in 1981. In August 1983, the leaders adopted the Declaration on South Asian Regional Cooperation during a summit which was held in New Delhi. The seven South Asian countries, which also included Nepal, Maldives and Bhutan, agreed on five areas of cooperation. Afghanistan was added to the regional grouping at the behest of India on November 13, 2005, With the addition of Afghanistan, the total number of member states were raised to eight (8).

Basic Information About SAARCHead quarters Membership Chairman Secretary general Established Total Area GDP Khatmandu,Nepal 8 members,9 observers Mahinda rajapaksa Sheel kanth sharma Dec 8,1985 5130,746 kmsquare US $ 4,074,031 MILLION


Current members Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri Lanka

Observers Australia China European Union Iran Japan Mauritiu Myanmar (Burmas) South Korea United States

The SAARC Secretariat: Established in Kathmandu on 16 January 1987. To coordinate and monitor the implementation of SAARC activities. The Secretariat comprises: -Secretary General,-Seven Directors and -The General Services Staff

SAARC Statistics1996 Population Population Growth Annual % Life Expectancy GNI Per Capita ($) GDP (Current $) GDP Growth Export of Goods and Services % of GDP Import of Goods and Services 410 513.7 bn 6.4 12.4 17.2 1.3 bn 1.9% 1999 1.3bn 1.9% 62.6 440 581 bn 5.8 13.4 16.9 13.1 17.0 460 620.3 bn 2000 1.4bn

Area of Cooperation Agriculture and Rural Development Health and Population Activities Women, Youth and Children Environment and Forestry Science and Technology and Meteorology Human Resources Development and Transport.

Establishment of high level Working Groups in areas:y Information and Communications Technology y Biotechnology y Intellectual Property Rights y Tourism Energy


SAARC Members, Their Per Year Imports, Exports And Per Capita IncomeSaarc members Imports (in thousands of $) $39.96 billion f.o.b. (2008 est.) $9.6 billion (2009 est.) $320 million c.i.f. (2006) $20.205 billion (2008) $232.3 billion f.o.b (2009 est.) $567 million f.o.b. (2004) $8.550 billion (2009) $3.229 billion f.o.b. (2008) Exports (in thousands of $) $19.22 billion (2009 est.) $7 billion (2009 est.) $350 million f.o.b. (2006) $18.36 billion (20092010) $155 billion f.o.b (2009 est.) $123 million f.o.b. (2004 est.) $2.128 billion (2009) $868 million f.o.b 800 1100 Per capita income (in dollars)per person 2000 2500 1000 1380 1720

Pakistan Srilanka Bhutan Bangladesh India Maldives

Afghanistan Nepal

SAARC Decades1991-2000 SAARC Decade of the Girl Child

2001-2010 SAARC Decade of the Rights of the Child

SAARC summits 15 summits have been held 16th summit is scheduled to hold in Bhutan 2010.

SAARC AS ECONOMIC BLOCK Largest economic block To promote welfare Accelerate economic growth To promote active collaboration and mutual assistance

SAARC ACHIEVEMENTS Impressive growth rate above 7% in last two decades Achieving objectives by promoting and improving quality life through accelerated economic growth Creation of food bank having reserves of 241000 tons of rice and wheat Anti terrorism police force setup in Pakistan

Cont. Ideas to increase in litracy rate Improve the health of people Friendly relation with neighbouring countries Eliminate terrifs among the member estates Efforts to reduce poverty


Designated SAARC Years1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1999 02-03 2004 2006 SAARC Year of Combating Drug Abuse & Drug Trafficking SAARC Year of Girl Child SAARC Year of Shelter SAARC Year of Environment SAARC Year of Disabled Persons SAARC Year of the Youth SAARC Year of Poverty Eradication SAARC Year of Literacy SAARC Year of Participatory Governance SAARC Year of Biodiversity SAARC Year of Contribution of Youth to Environment SAARC Awareness Year for TB and HIV/AIDS South Asia Tourism Year

SAARC Lacking And Fault Lines

SAARC Lacking Lack of Political will Ineffectiveness of SAARC headquarters Cost of doing business in the region is very high. The productivity per worker is low

Saarc represents only 23 percent of the world population Share only 2.5 percent of world gross national income (1,339 billion US$). Its Average per capita income at US$ 880 is only 11 percent of the world average of US$ 7,995.

Saarc represents only Total external trade of the region amounts 1.6 percent of the world trade 1.4 percent of the world exports 1.8 percent of world imports. Its Intra-regional exchanges represent only 4 percent regional trade - 5.3 percent (exports) and 4.8 percent (imports

SAARC Fault Lines SAARC countries as a bloc remained least integrated with the world and deprived themselves from the global changes Lack of technological knowledge and skillbase to become competitive in the global market. Conservative nature Lack of ownership of SAARC at the official level

Why SAARC Has Been a Disappointment

Social indicators

Political factors

Economic factors

Social indicators

Poverty Education natural disasters Indias workforce size

Political factors

India and Pakistan systemic differences military conflict

Economic factors

Ineffective trade GDP imbalance trade imbalance

Demographics and Social Indicators Although real wages are growing, poverty still remains problem, because it impedes commercial stability nationally and within the trade bloc. Wages are low among SAARC countries.


How to Make SAARC Work social tool to solve regional disputes Establishment of political stability substitute of good production ways to offset Indias large size Mediating role Lofty goals Increment in FDI

How to Make SAARC Work (Cont.) Reducing inequality gaps Using SAFTA for regional agreements Improving infrastructure Natural disaster aid efforts Diversification of export goods

Comparison Of SAARC With Other Economic Blocks Modest Diversified Largest geo-economic block geoAmalgamation of states

Impact Of SAARC On Pakistans Economy