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MONTHLY JOURNAL OF THE INSTITUTE FOR A DEMOCRATIC ALTERNATIVE FOR SOUTH AFRICA ______________ SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER1990 T oP . '.I" 4 'hey n"e ,l to " 'j\a ni'" ,h" m- " ,I"". T,. n ,f o,mation , eq u i, ,,. enj\'j\e m,'n, wit n , h" '1",' Criti<i>m aoo t,-arinj\ down may ht- a >tart, hut ulti mald v the » s- " _m m u" b,' h,' ,ugj\,''' ,'d, h",,-,'V"f, , n., if on" h. , I'-Afn'_" 0,' ". n "" t !>t ' ><l id t t> h.. ,,, f.i1,>d Am n nj\ th e 1""" n> h i' Jepil rtm,-n' h. J I, .. ",t "',"": C"" "" nmenh d" nnt Ir .n >- f orm soci,,,,,,,, P< "'1' 1<' d". II P"')- ple . n> gt> inj\ '0 clYnj\" ",,,,i,·,v cultu'e in K. Ng"" ne, I'd, ', tlud d."d A1h" I;" inl( "um, '''' U, 'ef mm ' ' h" h.d b",'n i o",, · duced b v h .. dep. ,tment, >,,,.,...>d th.lt t he .,.ju- c ., j" o 'v't ,' m h.d ",,' bee" '" n ,I, ,,, ,,,'<:I 0". I"" ili", """ '. INVALUABLE State must be engaged in schools' battle AN '00 p"dk,1 iO 'ij\ h' io'" ,I>< dif· li"' lI v "I ch, oj\ing t h, >m,.,.; th.lt 'piI rth,'kI h" "",d ,' nf ,>d u". tin" w"' p...• .. ·" t,·d ., ' he ·Soh,.,h fm th ,' Futu,,' - Cn nf,' " ,,,, ',, h v 'h" f ", ,>d ueali"" and Pup,ISe<p'ess the" v", ws : Re Jar>ll Davids. NoIund i Gc ilishe_ Ruth Fa,aghe', An r-.eg ,el Rust and Tt>omas H'II John samuel. head 01 the ANC edocall on depa'lmem j\w up ' co m min"d ,h, 'm ,, -I,'e. ,,, th,- .... ." "n w h. 1th")' h'd I ," m,'<l, "",,-11., t<> c"I Ii,-.t- inl( tli" .-"nt.,,!> ", .d" , A rail ,m t h,> j\ov,'rnm, ' o, tn c,,'a h" uni 'a ,v e d"c.li" o d"p'r1 m,' nt w., .1,,, ap pn w'>d , A ...·•• ",\I<' amid th" "p ti- mism ta me fro m Uni",,,n v "f C.p, · T" .... n ,'d"tati" ni,t r"t•• K, II .w.yw h". in Up ' ",,,,-., hop ,.,,,i,,n, ",i dI ", t d,.. pit,- .11 'h" 101 . "f I><,pt __ and it .. " a ho.", t " p,-n . ch,,,, '" too li tt l,- . 'h'o 'i "o "'a> ho.'i ng 1" j\"id "'j\ p . ind , p I,' " " ,,"a" I,' ad i"n, .n d lut un' d ,rt-.;: tion. 11, - ",id tm, he" .. 'j\ .i o,t huro : .".-... ;,· ,xm lwl> an d 10 'h i"k 'h,1t , h;ol\' imp""-, , if tl><'v w,-.., ld ' hI t he m",·""" . "Su"h i. '-"'y ",m. ntic,· ,. jd K. II . w. v, "We "0 'v'h'''' w ith "early 10 m illit> n w,_cannot 01')\0<",,,-,11 th.lt wilh "nlv ' h" ' ,·, l< ·h, ... .• o"""I" pmj\ 'h,' of a ' c" ltu rt, "f J"hn S.m"d ><l id t h" ",n"'1 u,-"",,, "f .[,, " h,-id '00 ,I><' ,,,,,, i "n "f lh i, ("ltm" - .... hich To P"¥ . SA needs a 'culture of learning' IN a co unuy wl lh 17 educahon departments, eig ht mi llion IlIil" rat" ad ull s li nd II breakd own of meaning ful education, the nature of II fu lu re sc hool sys lem is enneet, SUE VALENTINE report s on the 'Schoo ls for t h-e Fulur e' conlerenc e ho sted by Idu ll in cape Town In Seplember. a, II S,aude, reg oona l d i, ec tor of the DET T HE MOST u 1'); ent chal- I,'nj\" in hU il,iin!\ a ""w,'<l u"a li"n >v",-m in S,, ", h Af. ic. i, '" n 'vi - la li", a nd 1 ,,,,,- •• " ru lt u,, - "f 1, 'Mn· ing" in ,o<i.e'v. Thi, w., t h,> " 1"-11I ng nigh' """ . >a j\' - Iwm J"hn Solm o"" d i" ,,' '' ' of the SA C"u ncil "f Hij\ h'" Edu,'a;;"" .nd "",,", Iv . ppn i,,">d h,-ad of in th" ANC. ,,, pupil" part'nt, .nd I,-.c h,-" f,,,m ';(l Ca p<- scl><.,l . ,,, d. ,. ng" of " u· d,,,,t/t>ducalio n ol)\., ni""io,,. "'h" ., t l<-oo ,>d Ih, '"'o f,-Ft,.-.:,,. Th,' u ' j\"o" v of , I><' ta, k ",a, d" M '0 , Ii< ' "-Xl.oo mo Ft' w h" , ht>w "d .0 Nj\"f n, '" t" Ii, t,-o .nd id,'" at w hat " '" es",,, ti.lly a · w{\, kinj\ " ml", - ,' nee' _ . im. :d .t , I><' pw,: ",, ' ,of a ""w ,,J,,ca li<>,, >v>- te ", "art ,>.!.t h·.1k',-d , ilt th,· ""d of th,- w,.., k,'" d ,h,' ""rulet W.l> th Al "", ch. ne,- hI ." .1 .... ith p<" pl,- Iwm sch,,,, l, . nd m m mu" ili, .. IYd imal u.hl<-, t h,' linal rt'p" rt-N tk" .. ,i "n 0 0 pr.C1i.-. l "'. : .", ,of d,'""lor- iOl\ t" "" ' <1 1h,- ch. Il,'nj\ '" of ' h" f"''''' ', 'irl u.ll v all The politics of peace - PAGE 6 - Demokrasie en onderhandeling - BLADSY 10- Cries from the battlefields -PAGE12 -
20

SA needs a 'culture of learning' - University of KwaZulu-Nataldisa.ukzn.ac.za/sites/default/files/pdf_files/desep90.pdf · EDITORIAL Signs of hope amid the gloom DEMOCRACY IN ACTION

Jul 20, 2019

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Page 1: SA needs a 'culture of learning' - University of KwaZulu-Nataldisa.ukzn.ac.za/sites/default/files/pdf_files/desep90.pdf · EDITORIAL Signs of hope amid the gloom DEMOCRACY IN ACTION

MONTHLY JOURNAL OF THE INSTITUTE FOR A DEMOCRATIC ALTERNATIVE FOR SOUTH AFRICA______________ SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER1990

ToP. '.I" 4

'hey n"e ,l to " 'j\a ni'" ,h" m­" ,I"".

• T,. n ,fo,mation , eq ui,,,.enj\'j\e m,' n , wit n , h" '1",'Criti<i>m aoo t,-arinj\ d own mayht- a >tart, hut ultimaldv the »s­" _m mu" b,' ,'o~l\''<l

h,' ,ugj\,''','d, h",,-,'V"f, , n., ifon" h . , I'-Afn' _" 0,' ".n""t !>t'><lid tt> h..,,, f.i1,>d

Am n nj\ th e ~ e v 1"""n> h i'Jepil rtm,-n' h.J I,..",t "',"":

• C"" ""nm enh d" nnt Ir.n>­form soci,,,,,,,, P<" '1'1<' d". II P"')­ple . n> gt> inj\ '0 clYnj\" ",,,,i,·,v

cultu'e i n K. Ng"" ne , I'd,',tlud d."d

A1h" I;" in l( "um,''''U,' e fmm ' ' h" h.d b",'n io",, ·duced b v h.. dep. ,tment,RU " ~land >,,,.,...>d th.lt the .,.ju ­c., j"o 'v't ,' m h.d ",,' bee"' " n,I,,,,,,,'<:I 0". I""ili", """'.

INVALUA BL E

State must be engaged in schools ' battleAN'00 p"dk,1 iO'ij\h' io'" ,I>< d if·li"'lIv "I ch, oj\ing th,>m,.,.; th.l t'piI rth,'kI h" "",d,' nf ,>du". tin"w"' p...•..·" t,·d ., ' he ·Soh,.,hfm th,' Futu,,'- Cn nf,' " ,,,,',, hv'h" ,,~''''"'v f", ,>d ueali"" and

Pup,IS e<p'ess the" v",ws : ReJar>ll Davids. NoIund i Gc ilishe_Ruth Fa,aghe', Anr-.eg,el Rust and Tt>omas H'II

John samuel. head 01 the ANCedocallon depa'lmem

j\wup' co mmin"d ,h,'m,,-I, 'e. ,,,",prt'ad i,,~ t h,- ....."d· "n wh.1th")'h'd I," m,'<l, "",,-11., t<> c"IIi,-.t­inl( tli" .-"nt.,,!> ",.d" , A rail ,m th,>j\ov,'rnm,' o, tn c,,'a h " uni 'a ,ved"c.li" o d"p'r1 m,' nt w., .1,,,appnw'>d ,

A ...·••n;"~ ",\I<' amid th" "pti­mism ta me from Uni",,,n v "fC.p,· T".... n ,'d"tati"ni,t r"t••K, II. w . y w h". in , um11lio~ Up '",,,,-.,hop ,.,,,i,,n, ",id I",t d ,..pit,­.11 'h" 101 . "f I><,pt__ and it.. " aho.", t" p,-n . ch,,,,'" too litt l,- . 'h'o' i"o"'a> ho.'ing ~i"t-" 1" j\"id"'j\ p . ind ,p I,' " ",,"a" I,' ad i"n, .nd lut un'd ,rt-.;: tion.

11,-",id tm, he" ..~,,<>d 'j\.io, thuro:.".-...;,· ,xmlwl> and st~'1l1,>d 10'h i"k 'h,1t , h;o l\' ,,·,~,td imp""-,, iftl><'v w,-.., ld ' hI them",·""". "Su"h

t.l ~ i. '-"'y ",m. ntic,· ,. jdK. II. w. v, "We hH~ "0 ~d"c,tion

'v'h'''' w ith "early 10 m illit>nl~"pl,>, w,_ca nnot 01')\0<",,,-,11 th.lt wilh "nlv ' h" ' ,·,l<·h,....•

o"""I"pmj\ 'h,' ",~i"n of a ' c" ltu rt, "f "'.'ni"~,,,J"hn S.m"d ><lidth" ",n"'1u ,-"",,, "f .[,, " h,-id '00 ,I><' ,,,,,,i"n "f lhi, ( " ltm" - .... hich

To P"¥ .

SA needs a'culture

of learning'INa counuy wll h 17 educahon departments, eight

million IlIi l " rat" adulls lind II breakdown of

meaningful educa tion, the nature of II fulure school

syslem is enneet, SUE VALENTINE reports on the

'Schools for t h-e Fulure' conl erence hosted by Idu ll in

cape Town In Seplember.

a ,II S,aude, regoonal d i,ector ofthe DET

T HE MOST u1');en t cha l­I,'nj\" in hU il,i in!\ a ""w,'<lu"a li"n>v",-m in S,, ", h Af. ic. i, '" n 'vi­la li", and 1,,,,,-•• "ru lt u,, - "f 1,'Mn·ing" in ,o<i.e'v.

Thi, w., th,> " 1"-11Ing n igh' """ .>aj\' - Iwm J"hn Solm o"" d i" ,,'''' ofth e SA C"u ncil "f Hij\ h'"Edu,'a;;"" .nd "",,",Iv . ppn i,,">dh,-ad of ,~lut.tlt'n in th" ANC. ,,,p upil" pa rt'n t, .nd I,-.c h,-" f,,,m';(l Cap<- scl><.,l. , ,,d. , . ng" of " u·d,,,, t/t>ducalio n ol)\ .,ni""io,,. "'h".,tl<-oo,>d Ih,' " ' of,-Ft,.-.:,,.

Th,' u ' j\"o" v of ,I><' ta, k ",a, d" M'0 ,Ii<' "-Xl.oo mo Ft' d d,~"''' wh", ht>w "d . 0 .th' oliv~ Nj\"fn,'" t"Ii, t,-o .nd ""h.,,~,· id,'" at what" '" es",,,ti.lly a · w{\, kinj\ " ml",­,' nee' _. im.:d . t ~<1tinj\ , I><' p w,:",,',of o,')\<~ ia , j "l\ a ""w ,,J,,cali<>,, >v>­te", "art,>.!.t h ·. 1k',-d ,

ilt th,· ""d of th,- w,..,k,'"d , h,'""",,",li n~ ""rulet W.l> thAl "", ch. ne,- hI m,,~ .".1 MI ~ .... ith p<" pl,­Iwm ,~h,.,- sch,,,,l, . nd m mmu" ili,.. IYd l><~", imalu.hl<-,

l:>U rin~ th,' linal rt'p" rt-Nt k " .., i"n 0 0 pr.C1i.-. l "'.:.", ,of d,'""lor­iOl\ sch,~,I, t" "" '<1 1h,- ch. Il,' nj\'" of ' h" f"'''''', 'irlu.llv all ' h~

The politicsof peace- PAGE6 -

Demokrasie enonderhandeling

- BLADSY 10-

Cries fromthe battlefields

-PAGE12 -

Page 2: SA needs a 'culture of learning' - University of KwaZulu-Nataldisa.ukzn.ac.za/sites/default/files/pdf_files/desep90.pdf · EDITORIAL Signs of hope amid the gloom DEMOCRACY IN ACTION

EDITORIAL

Signs of hopeamid the gloom

DEMOCRACYIN ACTION

kIa..'s 001111 are:

• To promote t he dellelop­men! of • den\OCr.tlc cuI·ture in SOuth Africa

• To address fear, prejudice,anger and othet' obstaclesIn the transition to • n0n­

racial Oemoel aey In SouthAfri~

• To eng.g. Inll uenllalg roups and Indiv idual swho may be outsiders tothe tnnsltlon process

• To provide, wherever pas-• ibM, Inlormation on enU­cal Issues and to exploreways ol .Odressing these

• To lacil itate discu ssion 01conlltutlonal and develop­mental ...ues relavant toSoutnem Africa

• To I l l lsl and encourageother. to contribute to the, Uainmenl of these goals

EDlTORIALSTAfF:_~.

_v•...,.;....ShoI.lao"·.. ' ......_~I(hod l_

t.cn<n _~ y bot oddrftO<'dto {'lemoITo><y ... A<nooo. I """'.on«' RoN.

"" Ior.y. 7700.

ld Ofhe...

H~ADOfFKE, Hi ll H"" 1T'nu.an«'Ro.d. M,_ -l><. y. C. pe T""' 7700 IT" ll21·4731:11, Fa, m'''''lWtST£ll.:" CAl'\': 6 cn.iI~~ Ibtw.()r_5tnoot,~UprT--.liIOOl

nolll21·ll2150: Fa' :o;'II(l5 '

/OHA"NESlIl,;R(~ FIlth Fh.... """"""Hoy,.,. 9J 0.- " ""r SlIM. 1I,..mlont<."in.1107 ITol 01HUIl'""'-J; FO' 3:W~3()})

PRf.lONIA: 20~ I l.o lfie ld F,wum. 1(177

Mud .. 5<""". 11.1_.roI:l n ... 012­lC2ll5/l>; F.. J2. 192t>lDl.1taAN, 12Ol>So"9" _ • • 11Sorwlh5<...... [lwbAn. .001 (fft lD\·_3; F• •--,I'OKT EUZABF.1 H, foun h FIo< ~.-.lo td

I k","". J.« MoL" 51...... Pon EU to.I~. liOOl(T,·11l41·55JJ01·); f .. 5225!'71

F"'ST 1.0000Dl)~ , Thlni f'1o<><. C W >IIOn<II...."...Glold_ Sf....... Eool 1.<>ftdon. 5201

n... 0I114'l(11017;F.,:,.,-==' J

~ e>IP' II 1 .. Doonoc<lICY ...Ac\JoIl ..... no! necess.anty _ of Id3SOI

T HE 1Io.><nfym"~ ..II>ch'" WfI~..I'd~. dNd. ""'J """ ' ''I''.-.d .I'd"" .. _ huftd~. 01 I_ ..d. 0' < d._ h of ~. .... broughl ~ .

d....p of d~,,,.....io,, ."d gloo...t1"",,&""'" Sou'h ...tn<:.o

While thi, i. uRd..-.t. ndob"'••"n", 1"'""'iv~ .......u ... h.I.~ bo.l!u n to """''N',Firs, ly.. 1_ brl.'edly. U", . ..... hoo ....""" i " .WllI ­ingrwoo k'''' ~ wrlo.,.../y it> .....,.-..."Y Inq ..~U'''g ' M viol~"<~.1'd 10 d o '" in.ninlp"....u ....n..... _ o..,lIy.1Iw = ....oh.o l.m ,lot COIIlpiA«'OO<J 01 y IP""I".no....."""'" Soutl. /In<:.iI tI • ""n~01._" _ pohhc.I!Hdon. """'......Itod<n. <hur<h _ ... . nd on:!'''''Y Sou,"...f..... ... ~,P""'"i"g ' M ' .I~d" 1"-'" 01 I....,'~. II, 1d.1 u~pt.lbil"y .no! • .rom­milm o.. l 10 1"".<of,,1 " 'goll. , i,," . Th"·d ly.bot h M' Dr K~~ . R<! "'l. "'l. "MI• • ,., onr«on:I .. "ri"ll ' ho' dory ..dl "'" . \Iow vi<>­ltn<r ""'" ""Y "I"""'" .., &nil IIw~-.......

,,~

no.. loot~ 10 .............,. Unpo<tonI ­__ogms, Ao. """II _ c."....p<ct lholp.> ' h ill bog i.. 10 •• ,~ pu'''''' ....,1. lIi."' w. Ion~ 'ow...h t.... bell'""'"S01 ~,"""I nogotollLln• •"d ""0""",1, l<ction. ,

Mr Do Klcfk . nd 11.. N. tioNI r . "y loa....I"" n>f\Oid....w. I'f"&"'" on "'.... polih"..1~ in lholo" _ ............ ' M NotioNl

r. ..... --"'p '" """"'" '" . n I"doi"ll ., IIw Pa..,· ....- • very .....""'" y \lot __ """ _ ........"I ' h , · " .dili" ... 1 .upport 10 I h~e ·. ti... r."y. N~•..,.,""I..... i ouldal'l"'" tho t "'l , Do Kl<rl ho. tood , "",mi·mou. ho,k,ng "I tlw "atri"'" ."d tlw <auro,in lhis d""ioWn,

C""inly I...."'."' ..." mbwl' 01 d iotin<1.d..n l.og" i " o,.."i"g u p ,h. ",..""n.1p. n y. In ' lw lim plott. ,h. pony <00 ""...... \lot 0<CU00<d '" bouIg "","",. Son:'DndIy••is . lunhK <1<0__of \II Do KJoR.·,

.........il__' ' 0 It"'''' ''~ '1'd l..nd..........1"'10' f u rt""'. " b....d. " . I h~ b..~ ,, '1""", 1"'PI"'" " 'hod! rould be' ....ioywd byMl Do kle<k . Rd . nabloo ,;.., Not""",1 r . ny' 0 b«om, a g."" '" ' « nt.-. p. ' ly. ' ....,., by""~I"S ' ...id~ vorifly 01 .upportwr> who<onnot hrod a """'" In , t.. ...~C llnL"Ioa IP"'C"" 'M""" hondoor ' ho Co.........li"r ...... "" "... "'M.

, Me , Ibeo shop

1I , ng I>J"'"I'<'d il ...".,h,p to .11.,h~ i. no lo ng.' ",. 1 Il....d 'o .....~• lIi. " .... wi, h , h~ Dr"mocuh< Parly. 1MLah<.." P. "y or S.~ldari'Y. "'l, Do KIe<~ connow . Imply ur ll" m,m""" of lion< I"' ''''''~'jo in t 'i. n~w <",,'r i. l. ""n·.,d.1 port y.T1wr'ri" ' Il< p .,'" i ..... ,.." Iy 0" It.."'.... "' ",,,,,,,-

5o,."h AI '. 'pol '"'' ' ''' "'..... lalol,.flu id .n<!.nY II.... proiKt_ "'V"""K

..II...... pol lTko . .... ri'~J' llu' ..... 'hl~"donr. _ • • _ d",., ''''' '" poIih<J UI_ ...tncI_ ...... .... \lnluPt....... • ,"'" AU'S'''''''........ e .......q\OOlll!y. , '" boul'd to be'....ny ourrr-o.-"' ....

An '*"'iouO pon ...... lor IIw NotioNI r . rt)'w """• • Iha""" w i,h i . l " la' ha. Th,. .. no."'S'" ' Iw . "'Odi.... p",,,,,,,i' ion il ""'y ,""'"hov . bw..n. Inu ,1l.I 1l.I. t>«om< . pohh<,1porty in il> -" righ~ hoping no d oubl , ....il CO" ...o..~ i,,'" .n .1Ii.,,« w IT h lh.No_ I P. rty. Bu' 1.....1.... oil>« 1M 0\1"_ . '" .ioIt= ,.. satol w"-:h toM ....."J"""d .,d~'"1M n.........L "'"b«vm. n,,,,...~ly <'Onl fOllon..1 • ..d I h~

,,_I r . rty mo y """' 10 ......d i>l.o...... from Inh'1l.I1or l hol .

A "",rmOJ "pilon whiCh would loa """ lh i,, • • hlo .nd imp" " ,bl . only. 1.wmon,hs 'll". i•• """'"ib n..",,, wi, h llw...hie.n S .ho...1 eo,,~ i ,...If . I" ' h is_poet .... Sou, h ...tncI" e""""..- pany.. . . ...,. _ ",tAl .. ... lot lho No' ......1P.......I'd II... io ....".. _ w~y lot.Do~ 10~ ...,.... IIwSAO' in ""'_ rK<rll """"""",. M. MandoIo ..."'" .ny r<-'blt .Iho...... t><t.....,.. 'ho N........P.rty ond ' Iw "'frican NOioonaICon~

Tho'" oro ,l,••d. ,h~ bwg", n i"S' of aninformol . 11 ........ . " d • dog.... 01 """""'1''''­. it>ilil)" • • w;,........d by , t.. frequml .......­infl;' ODd """"-1~ tho lWO~ ..w~n •• ~w....n lot . Mud~l.o .nd I ~"

lot_ '" Low _ Ord<r

""""'"h ;, un1<k1y 'Ioou~ I"'" IIw P""'""l !'rio-l..,..,.rnp Will &0 I>oyond .ni"_ l.II..",,,...1......Jy '''''''' . '" ',n. ion>on ' ho ~rou nd ~...lho A~C beca"" of l~" . "'p id o" .m"n~

,. n~ .nd fiI~ "",m;",,, "f ' he Sl .... a nd II>in>trummlo,~ lho _ ry _

n...,m,..,." ,. probot>l,. In lho _ 01IIoIh IIw 1\:01-.1 p.ny ..1'd ' M "':"IIe ' hoI......~ will t... b-ed (Ill '" ~>f''''~ Thio would b< ....,. tDUdI cI ... ___....1...= ... ...... in 1100 """-' '"""-

Who.......- d~ .11~ polilico iuIf",ho n:h /of ......",. ...... and h . I'P' ..i"V<>l k.., lo """',UN ,,'In l l got;... ho n. Thl . I. h, . h hy '''d po inl. tow.ni.reohgnmenl' whk h CO" <>n.Iy . ssiollM ".n­..,ion ...... rdo. non-,,odol~.

Whor io ..quoly importo'" io ...., ,.". ...."""""ns M" powft~ (Ill . I'd .,...... . '"""' ",od. M . M" -'l' South ..._wi.....,"'.. ,''''' . '" - in Iox.ol p."U,.M, ..u"-"..........."...... 1"01, .............. - to bell'" ............,.~ -"" oe.....'" lhol tlw p""'..... ",w.rdt • dl-rnocro<y .nd•""w"""Ih "'fnca can bogl" '" 1l.Iv•• \>0'"w~i"h i. far wid e, . nd ,1.."., lhon <o n t..." f'OC'"d ,........Iy from IN&..... mowIing fromti.... loh.....

_ AI,..,. 11<" . i...b«1ltiv.. Dindo<

Page 3: SA needs a 'culture of learning' - University of KwaZulu-Nataldisa.ukzn.ac.za/sites/default/files/pdf_files/desep90.pdf · EDITORIAL Signs of hope amid the gloom DEMOCRACY IN ACTION

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-6-~. .'1:.\ '. _..... ""I

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Albie [ LEITERSJSachsdisappointingon environmentC ONG RATULATIONS On , ....~ l Ido... puNic _"" on I1M' .....,__ IIdd on Copt T--. '" ...~ n..,-" by llnulo Eid <X c::..m- en-.r~"y ...., >lunulollng~ ftlnn.>li~•• """".;n~ Impor tant ch. llenjl;'" I.. 5o.., h A.fTlc,with.....,Mnlt pn'>Cf1pllv• .

How,......,., I"" Input by """ill. ANe Int'm.bH Albie 5.0......... ""tl\"ll1<'\r d ''''pp'',nl .ifl«.Hi> ' r-:h.nd I1.'J'Ii" 1<1~ ...........pnt;c;oland _ .........I_I... otm.~is ''''''.''I of II.. _ ttu;cq_ ",ithwhldlo ..... _....;doo, ...~.... __ilgn~

Su rpri,;ngly. Sooch. .....d e no ' ''empl, to" u, line ANC p<, I;cy or eVe" off. r poheyguideli" ", on 'l;ic.1 i" ",...Much o f hIS\.Ilk ...., d ....,<~<d , ad kI h.. penono.llo1....of lul\" a nd th. South Alrica.. pt<>p l<o'." Itd,.,_,.,,"" land- ,~""'_CJf lha, it _ _ ~

to .... WIth 1110' ","",I ...v,,.,.,mrnl,rJ prot........ a>fIfruooh~ South Afnr. tugri.... _ hall ""Ii""" .:Iri" ....'. l1on . nv<"fJ'Opulotion.glo l>.ol ...a rm ing, nucleaT p"'lir.,,alion. t hed""lruetiorl ol lh. ,,'nne loy , he ",holl<'< onnon· bIe 1<...11 fum 1< e"'-"'gT and the-..; poIlu _ of land . air and ..'. .....,

W"",,, .... d id louch b ....n, on ......., of,'-~. Soc _ ml-.:! tlw "",nt.Wt- quntioo Ihr ...Db.... of p<IJIUb-' ion M"'''''h. 'or • ••mpl• . h. ..mply COIn_

p.>""" ,h. low "''f'U I.1l'"'' <k-Po" y of S<.Jlh

AIriaI wiltr IIw high d<ftotl)' ofGo:nnuoy• • nd......-tud«l llwol "qu.o ltl y . a' ...... lkan qUoln­tilY' "'... M .......~

n.iIs is "'"'tIg- su.c., ....lu•.I~I<ft__ mf",.....1'<1 «onom,.. grtn'I'th is .m'....,Ih. n~mbH 01 peopk ", ho h.on 10 to. "" I""porf<>d ,*,viou ,'~ ant.'CI. Ih. a".".al\<' qualityoIlJf~. ",.. pia ...... .. ju.. ...~ capobl. nf . u.....t.oin'ng 1M "'mont ••It' 01~ populaliong"'",,1I. hf.nc,p ,'''' in ' .....11.......1 <",,,,,,,,, '"oJo..- it down..

C OMPARING ,"" popula _tin of South Amca and E~~n n>Unlnrsis f. llao;;ous, 'n ,"" first pia<. , thr latt ... gen.,' .a Uy h. , . "'0 or n~K.hv. gro""h ••t.,.",hlle Ih~ .0. ....... along ",uh IM ...t nl Ih.Thin:! Wt>rld. i. growing at on . ' poo>ml",1. ... ,Sorond ly. U.. popula__I)' 01 PO"linda. _ has 10 lot-.I ......, 10th.w~~po<iIift In _ <If iIaNrdrinIung"'............lW land .nd .....

To ......' IIw "popula""" pIlA*om· ... If it"'." ..,ldy ' h. <on<.rn o f . on... u tinlunali"" "'OO "'anI 10 -""pttl. b lack. tmmblwding... and I" ma"" f.n1iou. """''''''''''.boul ..,..;h.. llon. as Soc did. is no! !l<olp-ful . Tho- Ioog.l<'IIn ooIull _ g<WC'f1l ,

00<1.......... P"'S•• m nd _ "' ....tlw .........u~ 0I1imacy _ -.ply Iwo~

'" to. ulldnto""'-In I"••Pft<:h. Sactt. . 100 ...mrd.i....

"ft>m", ing '0 add....... ",," irunIDftlla l prol>­10-..... in Soul;' Alnca by ,,-,tnctmg d....." op­mon'. a. Ih. G.....n. ra rt y ;s pro"," ing forEu" 'f"" Th<- rna.. 01 Sou. h Africo... do nnlIwo"" lu .I«tricily, po"",,, ,,·at« andpa Jw w id. lIfid _ ""~ 11 .

n.n is "" Ioo>g..>r a ...." ... at dd>ato-: 11 isboryooid quoot- ,..., _ Afrir:o .. a doovft­"1"""- country in wlIidI 'Iw ..........~-.nty 01

TOPage 12

Sounding offDESPITE ••t.nsi,'• ••pai... . v. r s ine. a~b bl. " d. mag<d fda.. "'Rio....' dhctotII.rmi.n KOlz~· . <ar In Easl London. ' h."'-go... (I/f whm """ tumo n gllt- '-~_ ... _ ......,. 1,1"0 ""'" .....".-._---The invisible other halfTH E ;' opd .. , . ign. ,;,own b ~ ' h. ASCthrough ,h. inclusion 01 two "'omen 'n ,I.;ni' ial ""8<>Iiating 'N'" ""0. b<..-n d.,bed by,iw ........&, annou......... nt l!>;rl dnpu. ' iw_ .....1comtnilwo' Jwmg npand.d to20 .Ol uobn .. ""'Y .... <If ........ is a -.an.._-Bit ing the bulletA CAPTAI N <If indu...,. on Ih~ .........' fda..vl,it 10 ,Iw """'Iii braz..,nly lacll<dIIw PAC ........ ito "OM M'I, """ bulkot'" I....during a _ng in H.a...~. '"So "'......... IIwbul.... wi, h my "".... on " .- Iw ••W lIN'PAC~. -nw.-r. ......... "'"" ....lor""'_" .... tIwaiM reply,

.-Censoring the scenicTAKI"IG llou .;.. '''''1'' ac' oss b.idg... o v..­th. 7"' ''',,",l i u n ;,.... i to d.aw b. cksAnoI/wr "'- FrontIirw ,.,....... S"l a !>;rlf·hour g,nIlins lIfid ..... ... Cd"""" film 10 boo!./tor _ Iouo z"mbian bordft- po/Ice~kdto . p;etu... tw of ,tw borid~.

- 5•••,.,,, _~ " ~«>,, 'I II. "' .<~ ,...

So..'''''''A/>I<M_. ,

Page 4: SA needs a 'culture of learning' - University of KwaZulu-Nataldisa.ukzn.ac.za/sites/default/files/pdf_files/desep90.pdf · EDITORIAL Signs of hope amid the gloom DEMOCRACY IN ACTION

c<>nne.tabo "".• In Fra"'" ...ad ,,,,, ic ,.JU(ation i, d l",,,,ih,'>! ,,, p"wid,' multlp"

"'U" 'S in'o high,,, educati,m, Thi, loa> ~l~a"bc li""n.; al impl i"a ­ti"",_bul it al", mNn, ,loa' new fonm of "ratillcatioo "",~e a ndwi,h '''''m, a new hl.'rarchv.

• It one aocep" 'he i",;"'i..bili'~ o f divi.,i,m" il i, po",ble '0 'I)'and " ","g' h,' n 100,10 rou' ••, as imp!cm,',,'ed in Germany. Thi,depend ' (In a cu l,ol'\' wh k n "",.lrd. h illn "atu, '0 ,10,' world ofw,,,.'.

• Th,' mo., rad ical alte 'n",i" e - bu t Ih e on,' mM' n,·,'<led ,aca >td inil lo Y,>unll i, '0 begin '0 "r",isa~e a u "ified , v,t,,,,, 0/ cur­ricula aod qualificati,m" Thi, w,>uld crea'e a more fie. lble ' ys' em inw hic h p""ple cou ld mO"e tr""ly be'w...·n 'he world of worL and,hd, of tun-lime ,'ud~.

"Th,' world of worL mus' be a pracrlcal and ,h,s)f,~ical pan of alledoca,ion , " We mm' em'i"'ge a new modd of wha' ,'>!ocatio" isal>.lUl about how P''Of'le trao,fonn ,he w<>rld , "'~ ab<~" ,,,ah a ndemplo~ablli' ~."

If edu cation r..-f"rm, in Sou,h Airica " ' ped t 'h e mi "akt.. o fBrit.in, ,10,'" ,'\',,,, ,h''''lln ,.(is' "1'" may he aboli,hed, a new hd,i,f,,, " ""al divi,i,m. will he Cft>at,.J .

EDUCATION

Avoiding a new basis for social divisionsIF EDUCATION ,,·tu,,"" p<rpt'lllili. the di ,-i>i" "" """,,,,,,,,Numtion And training or the vue.Ii"",,1 and the acad"",ic th.",can"" "" t..'p., Ii" . d,>"'on.lic «lucation .y.l<'m in South Afri,a,according to Driti, h ,'d urah,,,,.1 "'''''',l''Si.1 Michael Young.

M.,"ing the f'<,inl t.... t no ""., ha> yet b""" ,oca.",I,,1 in Llcklingthe i"ue of tl>< I""" val"" atta"h<'<l!<, l,-elinic.l or v'>cdtiu"al <'due.·lion. YouIIl\ ••1Id the div;,;""", in ,'doc. lion "rigi"at,- "''' in II><' cu r­riculum. but in I....• ••:oo" mic . " h'm. Tho <'due.lic'" ro,"r u lu m , im_ply F""l""ualai th" di,'i,i<>n '_ '

He sa id the .""mphon. which inlorme.J the Briti,h ...Juration,v,t"", "'t'TP u"",",'k1ably l"''' <>I S"",h Alrico', hc>ril.>l\e bee." ", ofthe colimi.1 " 'lo'i"nship_If Suu th Afric.", did not "nJ"""and ",holl'hat "'!lacy entailed , it would continue to haunt their fu tun',

n.. diel,lo,,-, point,'<l ' 0 a poli'ical i"ue whieh a"Uffi<'S a diUer­e nce bo~ w"•.'n ,10""" <'ducM,>d "'0 know" and ,h,>;e <'duca" '<l " ' 0d o", "Thi, i, ,he "el)' anb,he>is of democr.>cy," ..,id Y,>un~,

Olio,", ,"o,m'rio." had 'ried " a ri"". "'a"1\i,,, '0 grapple w ilh lheprobl,,,,,,

• l<lw ~atu. vocation. (an be uPllr<ld,'<l - a ,"-,Io,lo n '~pkal inArnt'''''a . How,'wr, in ~ri'ain (and arguably in Sou,n A1ri(al<~') . "I<'i"u.' i. no' '" m""h abou, ,he ron' e n' of 'he w'lrL ,han abo,u' il<

Education sociolog<s1Michael Yoong ,

A learning culture neededState must engage inschools' battleFrom Page 1

• To ,'ngage meaningfu lly wl,h t he ,'.tteI"-~'p le mu S! he ,,",po"'e,ed w ith the n,,,os­.. ry f..1< " nd li IlUlt" '0 c h a ll e n lle a n dm u n,, 'r , h. ln fo ' ma tio n 'h..t 'he , ta'e mavp,,<d u,~'

• A 10" " .1,,, ddinibon "f "the people" i,n,'t'd,'<l '0 ITa",fo"" ed"ca,ion meaninllfully,H "'he p""ple' a..., d elin•.,; ,impJ ~ b~ t heiropP'"ilion to ' ne s ' ., te. th,'y will he d ist'm ,powered w he" ,10" "a, .. tlpc'nly id,' n,Hi,·,with the struAA'" and p""""''' it",'11 as P"~g"", ivt'. A " pt~'pl,>"" Ilovernmen, mo,l " illhe moni",,,'<l a nd 'h.. diffe",nce, and 'en­,ion, ....,"''''''' 'he gO"em"",n' and cit'ic soci­ely mu,' be u nderstooo . " If the s t ru gj\leend" the tern" l>.1\il1<." he add.'>!.

• Tra",f",m..tion o f educ.'ion "'lui""re",urce, . BucLla"d ofte-,,'<l fiIlU"" "" 110,'per ..pita ' p''''d inll in South A1rie'a' in w nite""",..,I, i' i. RI OO:t in DEl ><h,~,1s i, i, 1020,i" K. Ngwane it i, RJIo, Unl.." ,he", I, , ignil­iran' rediruchon u f re,ources 10 r",.1 andma'):i",,1 a reas , ' ran,formalio" will f,llL he",id,

• A bu""u",,cy i, n."'. ... I)'. " Bu,,'. u ·crac~ i., ,10,""'0'" p" " ib", w.~ o f m"n'lli"j\an educati" n ' y<l,'m. """'J'l 1M a U t n,' ",n ·,' rs'- Un l,,,, a """ i, l"e and dem' Kratie'a llv""o,,n'a ~le ma""ll"",n, 'y,t"", i, c...,a l,oJ a ilp lan, and I"',lic)' d ,>cum"nt, will be m.·..n ­ingl ..,.,

• h p.,rt i. e Ii e",'nli.1 i n "rd,'r '0pr"Il"''' b"yond ,~"g.n. , Wh"n g,,,"uTn ­m,,,,,, finally a ~n", '0 the p'''ple' , call for anend 10 ,omethlng and as L fo r a l"'m.lliv." .CIlnst rudivt' , uAA"'tion, mu , ' ,·"i"

• Tr.", f,,'mali,m "~Iui"'" time, Bu cLland..id "'o p d o",n" ,,1oTm , o mdim." !k,d '0 beimp l"",en l.'d M .,U,", ' ra n,fom l' li"" "'tluldI.. h · ' ''0 long . If,' , .. ulion ,'d h""'e"" r, ' h. ,"~w'}' , im,' ",.,. m,h' tha, rom p",mi,,', \l'"

, obllv und ermine 'he 'ran,form" ti"e caf'''·

,

From Page 1

h..d inlt'n,ili,'<l ,We' ,10,· las '15 ,........ - hdd c"",,led a "bi,­t.· '- ."d d eepl y . li en.I.'dv o u , n" . Th,' " ,,'i ,,1 co ",~ ·

4oence, of 110,' e rosi"" ul alea rn ing cu ltUl'\' CllUld ne>l bec..k o l. ,,'<l " aliSlicanv. bu' i'w"" ,,·.Ii' ~ ",·hie n ....:~'d,'>! '0be ad d n'S",-'>! ,

The e , e1 u , ion o f pan'n',. nd ','a ch.", f" ,m ,'du c. ' io "W d> 1>..,10 a ron""lo,"'( • • nd• cau st' o f the e"" ion 01 acul,o ,,' tlf ....m ing.

In 1~~7 ' he sc htlo l enro l·m,'n' tigu,,' in Sou, h Africaw. s H.5 million It i, e st i_ma,,'d ' hat ,hi , w ill have"'.","''d U r'; million bv the ve.r202,1. Th e P"" , p"':,en' ~ n dfU''''e h. d '0 be .ddre's<'d'imul'ano<,,,,lv, <.l id s"muel.

Ttl ,,>build'; cu ltUl'\' of "'..m lng i, was n.,<,­'''''' 1)' 10 infuse a sense " f u ,):ency Into polil .ica l orll.. "I<.ltio"s, ' rade u"Ions, ch u rche, .wo men'. ol);"ni",'ion, a"d you ' h and Slu_den' o'):a",sation" te..ming and educa tio nmu,t he p"'ced tinnly on ,heir agenda,.

s"mud m nd ud.oJ tha, -a e11ma'" of I,...ru ,ing " n.,,·d."; to he e" cou rall" d .. "d d,' w l·,>pt'<l 'tl ,..ta bll,h a ",'w «>ci,,,~. "Ed uc" iona nd 1,>..ni"ll a '" ,,'d. 1 a(tiv llie. a nd if ,10,·a pp",p riate eli""" ,· i. n,~ ""'at,'<l an" r yea".of de, truction and de" a,tation, t n. '" we wi llnot be able '0 "'bui ld a nd " 'tn' .,le ., ne w«'ci'''~'. ''

In a I"'nel distl.l"i,m 0" ,'>!u('ational pri­tlrll ie, . "'p",,,'n'. Ii,,,,, of , 10" ... r Cc, ,h,'D.·I"'''m,'''' o f Ed uca tio n a"d Tr.in ing, ,h.,De m,>cr.,tic rarty and 110,' Atrican :-; al io"a lCon~"." put ' ''''i, "it·",.

Yu,t'! sa,,>d , an .ducati"ni" i rnm ,n,·Uni"" ",i' )' ,;1 th,> W"",.,." Ca~",' .md .In ",<".uti ",· m,·mt...·, tlf ,h" ' f CC, -a id ,'<lu(.ti tln

p"l icy h.d '0 mo<" ,,,,. ",-'<'dsof par.'n" , st u d~ n" . n d"'dch.""

Thu basic In llred i,' n ' , ofI"-".ple', , '>!ucation inelud,'>!• mo,,' "'1,''''' '' ' ,·d u,. Ii" n' '''' '' m and ",'Il.lbi th.>' 0",",­

c_m,' the 1"I:_"i"" (If raci,m," ', i, m . " d ma"o al /m'·'''. 1worL. Ed u ca,i"n w a , the,'a te ' , Tt'>p'"" Ibili'y a nd afundam" nta l rig n, " f 011 P" ~

pl.·. The :-;ECC wa, 0Pp'lS<'d10 ""y mO"e, loward , pri­' ·" isa ' i,m ,>f ....Ju(ation

Th.· ....Jut'a'i"o , f't,L,·,f't'r.son "f the DP, Ken Andrew,.. id Ihe etm',,,,'and 'yllabu,i n .,, ~ ,' d u ,' a tio n ,y" ,'mshould ffi<'" 'he ro,ie n.....J,

of li'era, y and n umeracy, a ,woll as t...'inll ,,'Ie" an ' '0 SenahAtrica , Africa and the I."hno-l u~ical age, School> ,hou ld

tltt,·r .s di,','fSt' a nd fl" ,ibl,> 0 (u rricolum a,p'>s,ible.

And""" <.lid i' was imp'...,il>~' '0flnan,,"ed u(.tion 'p"ndi,,~ a' currenl "w hile ' le,'­els. In whi'e ",h,d, 110.·1'\' was "mp'y 'I"'ce' tl ,he , 'a lue o f >:2 bill l"" ,,·n k h could t...' w~1I

u",,>! if "'11<",,, we '" open ,,, all,The' Ca pe ",!:ional d l,,'CIor " I tne OFT. Mr

B,n Staude, rom f" ' ing him",'lf ' tl D.lni,'1 in'he lio ,,', d,'n . s he f. ...'>! , ,,,. etmit·" ",..." sa id, n"'e " 'a ' on ly on e prlor l'y In ,oJu ca ti",,­,ne ,un'i" al o f Ih e Ind " 'idual, a nd tll ,10,'ind ivid ual in «lCi<~ •.

Edu" . ,it.n , hould ' '1u ip p's.ple '0 .... ,,'th­nof''l(K'a lTy kno"l, '<lll,'able and w mp'",,,,t ' 0'hat ' hey CI,uld "'11 ,heir , Lill, a"d 1'<' c..pa'bl., of g,'n,,,ating fm."'.... ra,h,,, ' h.>n , imple't...' inll w"gt'-\'a rn ,,,,,

On 'n" q Ut"l i"" of . dmini,' ra tion, Sta"d.·>a id , n" c" mmunil y ",huo~ ,hould be' 110.·ba ,ic u n il tlf ,'du c.. ,ion . The battle o.-or"hl~'" in , h., blac k cu mm u nit , was ol b -

Page 5: SA needs a 'culture of learning' - University of KwaZulu-Nataldisa.ukzn.ac.za/sites/default/files/pdf_files/desep90.pdf · EDITORIAL Signs of hope amid the gloom DEMOCRACY IN ACTION

Delegates al ]he Sc hools lor ire Future conlerence,

Ne,l McGu'k and Peter Buckla rld

C,m,l itu.'nei"" tha t . ", nfl~n ,'oi,'~I",,>,

, u,'h a, , ura l", un.'mp!<'}'ed I"'''pl." ab"had h' he includ.'<I ,AI>.",e alt. "" id M"II"f," ' mmu ni,'ahon wa; lh,' m",t imF"'rtan' I., .f .' '' i n~ """""n{', Bu i]din~ link, w"' wt>e,,· all"'M,'~i,,> ,h"uld , tal1, "1'.',. cam)"l I, k,' I~, '

""""Ihil'h ~"",nd; h,' ", itt, ' w,' ~'''''Tl 'l 1\'~

th,' an" " "" , h"t "',. m",t I>.'~in t" "1"'" "I'" >n la,1;

Ii n,~hi n~ <'I,,', th,' n >n l,''' '''''" " ., " ,,j , holl

P"~'''''Sue ".Ie",i"e i, \l !'<J i. C<>-o,d ip, ln, ",it~

Id. , • .

'A growing

sense of

liberation has

come from

the ccmmunt­

cation of

black cultural

experiences

to us aswhites'

'Nothing can

be positive in

a corrupt,

sexist

education

system Ihat

teaches peo­

ple to be

superior to

others'

pupil, and t".,eh,'" t" haw a ",v in lh,' I'\Jn ­nmj\ 0' th.';, ",h",I, wa, t.,"'" up hy "',,,,,.,1"I lh., di",u"i,m ~,nllp'. "\\",',, •• a lway. 1"tI,,,, I th,' ,tud,'nt" 1'.'" h.,,,,, 'n , t., 11 p"ttin~ t h"', ' into nur PTA, : ' comm"nt.'<I "n,' ",hit"d "1.,;.0I",

Num,'" '''' ,u~,,,lion, "ITk'');''<I al th~ "nd", the w nfe,,'n,e a, Ih~ ",,,, kinj\ !:wup '"'F"'"''<1 hack nn Ih"i, di",u"i"n" In ,um­mari,in!: th" p"'''''S> , UCT "ducati"ni,t InMull.·, ",id 'he i"ue "f dem"cra,ic ",l1ici",­ti"n and conlwl wa, ,,,,,entia l a' t><,th th.,Inca] and natio",,] 1"",1,

At a 1",:.1 1.",.-1, th.· wmmunilv .h,,,,ld 1>.'ahle to e,ffCi... "",'ntro l"; at ""lion.,1 le ,·et it,h,,,,ld ",l1ic'l',te in de"'t,,, ,

The I,ml:-- d illimlt pwc<", "f l,an,l"rmingthe edu.. ti"n ,v,t~m - 'un 'CTamhli n~ the"mldt.," - had al",,,,t ht",,, l!'It t", lat" . nd itn,~'<1,'<1 u'll.",t action ,

1><' ,.,id"5o' uth A'r",a i, . hia"k ""unt,v. thi, i, a

,,'.,I ily " ,hih", "'i ll hol"" 'u I"",n t,; Ii"" with ,Th<' yo" m.~"ity 01 ><,h",], in S"ulh Africa. n' hl"" k " 'h,,,b and th,' opp,..tu n ity " f""-"dinl\ a mi"oJ rae,' ",'h" ,1wilt 1>.' , l. iTt "lu'u';"u"",," '''' "'"" ,tud""t,;

MeG u " said th" op,'n ,eh"ol m"d"I ,I'n,,'d hy lh" ~I i n i ,tt'r "I Ed u"a,inn andCulture ","", "ty p ic, I " ,ample, "f th .,I"" h"k>l\i,,, "i whi" · ,,,ltu,,," . l1>ey , h"w.'tl a"'tn'.-l·"·i...· " 'i>d"", " , ho", '0 I. .~'p whit.,l"i<'i1"l\" and 10 I.e"p bla, k ch i ld ..'n outwhil" ",>I l>.'inl\ "'~'" t" d o ",;

Th" !lull hd"',",'" lh~ ",'hi te a" ,1 hla cl."' I"" i,."", in ",'11<. ,1; "'a' ittu,I,at,'<I ,harplyb y t wo ,,, ,,,,,.,li nl\ ,' -.mpl", "He,~d ina"-,w," I" 0 qU'''li,m . t.,'l th,· a"hi"wm,"'l,"I SRC,.

A C.",., ,tudent e,!<,lted the ,'inu... "I,h,'

""·""Iuli,,na'~' SlrUl\l\I,," ."J landeJ lh",,,,l"d ,'nt, ",h" had >.,enl"...,,] th" 1T Ii,"" t" 1>.',,,]u,at<'<l i" Ih,· 4"l\u.,1\'· n' l~,'i, .."" in' and'0,.,.'ahli,h SRC, in lh"i, ", hon!>. A whn,'t",ch.,,-, all"mpting ,,, "tt.·, "a ""or.' ,'''''''M,',',a"'l'k" " I a" SRC a"h i,~ ' ,'m,'nt , ' p',k,' 0'h"", th" i, ,lud"nlS' munc,l h.d w" n ,h,'right I", pt'ril. 0 ....' t h,· , ~,. ", I ~ to 1>.' ,,~'nin I'"hli{' N" - ,,'mdhmj\ '0 w h,ch th.· I.",", the I.,nd ""lill"d ,h,-m, ""t " ,h i..h '" ,'" 'h,,,1haJ p"·,'i",,,I, fn rbid d"n'

How" ",·,. " , Ih,' .-onfe,,'n«' p"'j\"""'<I ,U1l<f.." .. "di,,~ ~"'''' . nd lh,' ,i~ht n ' ",n",I>,

THE r l""ary ",.,.,iun on slud.",t P'''' 'P'><­Ii"", rn"'~d a" i" d id m" n' <>n at lea, t un"Ih ird nl "u"i,,,,'n,,,' dde~t'" ",hu, f,,, ",ha l­,"W " " '''''', J,,'id,'tl "'~ ,,, ,'av j(, Ii, t,'ll '0"'... ,h,· puril> h.d ,n ""y, .

"'''''''' n'rn",'n"h<',,, '"'''' the Juni,,, Cil>'Cou"..-;I, I'urib lJ ni' e '''' I'e"" and Awan~'''''' (Pul"'l .,nd C,,,,., ""F")nd,'d ,,, qu,.,. ­"~,m. al>.lUl, h" ",.m"t.nd. F"",'ihle f" tu",""1-..,,,1 >v,!<'ln

R,);afJ in~ p'..Hi"" .".1 ",);.tiw "F"d' ,>I,h" .'<lu" li"" sy ,,,,m, ,h,- l'\ll'" and J"ni",Cily C"uncil n'rn"'''' I'''i",,, id""tih,,j prub-­I,'ms ,u~h a' a p..hy. , ~,,- Ji Hieult y "'F"',i­,.",...,j w ilh rai,i" l\ F",tihcal i",u,,, .. ",' h" ,,1.nJ " pF""i' inn In e,,'alinl\ SRCs

Th,' C,""" n'I'''.....·''..t iy,.,. ""'n< ",,,,,.'whatk"" ''1 ui''''eal. "N,~h i"~ can bo> F"" ih w in ."'''l'\Jpl, " ·,i, , ,'<Iueal inn 'y"''''' t hat learht">p'~'I' I~;" bo.' , u p" ' "'' 'n nih"".. ..iJ R,·ja n.'David,

Th,· ditl~n' "r," i" ,'i,i" n, ior lh" ,,,lurew ,' n< k s , " '''''''', . lt hnu~ h Ih" J""i,,' Ci lyCou ncil " T"''''''la'','", Th" mas H ill. ... id,h.. whil" mn,' JCC m,'mbo.' ", wa"t,'tl "pen",h"ol. u nd ," O'l<' ,>duca h" " J"r'rlm~nt,

,nm,' ,nu",'il l"" w,',,' ",',v"us at-.'u t l h~

id ,,, , TI><" i" l, ....d,'mi, "and.rd. sl-..,,,kt he,ai",j In it..·1,",'.-1 ill w hit" ",h""b.

PuP<' ""id whi", puril. n,~'<l .'<I I" int"raclw il . hlae l. , (" h,,,,I, a' ott kyels, n"t jus'Ihr",,~h lWinni,,~ ",h,,,,k l'\l pib anJ l,"ch­"r;, Il<ll on ly 1"'''-''1', ,h"uld h"'e a "' y inw.,1h,·, ><,lI<" Is "'-''1'1,' "F"'n,oJ '0 aU

"'" C,,,,.,, with ii' kml\ "adit;,m ui p""...la nd st,ul\l\k Ih" 'i~ hlS 0' "ud.-"l, in lhe'ul"n' wen' ","w,hi"l\ whi ("h " "' n u ld bo''nul\h, k"'"

em lhe ,,,pi(" n, "m_raei.1 «h",ti nl\- N"ilMee " , k "I ~",,'d tI,·.,,, Cnll,);,· in J"ha,,­,,,,,h,,,!,:, ",;,],.,Iki"l\ o'."u' ,II<' "'F""i"",,, n ,I>.'i"l\ a ' a "",,-'a("i.1 ",11<",1 wa. """ninl\I,,,,,,_ it wo, a" "'1"";'-"''''' ,,'hi,'h h.d t" 1>.' 1iv,'<IIh"'uj\h

'11><'" , i. ", ~h i"~ ,u p" ' i'" ....'u, I"" whi l"cu ltur., 1"'p" ' i,,!1('(', a l\"",'i n~ s<' n'... ,>IIi...',·a,inn ha. e,,"w 1" ' 01 , h,' ,'"mmunic.li"" " ih lacl. , u llu.,1 "'po·'i,·n,..." In U, a. "'h i",,:'

m,ltdy al>.'ul Ih,- nw n,'"h ip n' ed ucatjon ."Ow n" " h ip mu,' n"'1 ,,'ilh Ih,' cnmmunitvwlwn' Ih.· ",1><.,] i, h'a','<I; ",'""id , .

Th,',e " '," nn olh", " 'ay u, ,unnin~ ana l io n., 1 "ducaliun w,km hut w ilh ahun'. ucr..,y. ,.,id S'au,k, Th,.... had ,,, t-.''''01'' c<",',.,li,,'<I qu.tily ,'o""nl ", ,'<Iu"ali""and lina""e h.,d t" 1>.' ,,'nl.,lIy admini,','I'I,'<I

A....-C 'F"'"''P''''''''' l'hum_ii,' ~~'--U ... ,,'a.in a~n~'m,"' 1 wi'h \1, ""'ud,' on Ih,' i"u.' n'>fhwl admin,I, .,I,nn. "mpha'i' in~ tlMt th,'",mmunit, mmt wnln,] ,'<Iu,"l"m

"AI th., "",I ", th,' d ay. the m mmu"ity w,llplaya w,y impol1.nt nM In the ,,-{>u ild in~ aI.'amin~ ,,, ltu,,,; ,he ",id. In ••m~k· . '<Iu,a­lion d.'pMlm,'nl Ih,' pn>bl,' m, ", . '<Iueati,'ll"'"uld n" lun~.·, h" compa,tm"nlali,,,d1>.1 ,,'<'"n d itt,'n",1 "wh ite" '" "bla,k" d"f"rt­m.'n".

Un'""u",,t,'ly N~c'U"", Itl.e .u m.'llv ,ith,',ANI..' ",p"k"'p""ple" " n puhlic p la tl" , m. ,hold ~,i"',,e a di.da ln"'! .,1>.",1 "'" " i.·"" .."ppu,,,d tu the mu,·.'m,· nl', h"ca",,, th,'A~C , Iill ha, no dea, F""iliun un a lu tuT<','tl,,"ali<>n poliq, 5h.· , t"",,'tl tha t th., A:";Cdid n,~ d"im a mU""F",ly . han' in ,h,' d.·h."eun a 'utun' .'tlucaliun ,y" "m and welmn,,'<lan "untri l>u li"n"

Page 6: SA needs a 'culture of learning' - University of KwaZulu-Nataldisa.ukzn.ac.za/sites/default/files/pdf_files/desep90.pdf · EDITORIAL Signs of hope amid the gloom DEMOCRACY IN ACTION

PEACE POLICY

How tomake

peacework

Future security policy ean e ither Intentity Of' red~ the

muuaerem that wrack. OUt sgelety. LAURIE NATH AN make.

a ease lor a -ceece'' poliey in whic h the e mphasIs will be

on either pre",entlr'IQ eontllet Of' resol", lng il without loree.

OvER l h r~ ' l f~...y~'" !'>o.,,, th Africa ..... loo.~' n

; n un J,' h ' ,j w it h an enJI,'"sl 'eam "I w " I<"·n,,. , .ndbo.~,h un the posl-'p.ln h...d."u. 8 ,,1 until qu ite ","'ntl~

.- <nI<io1 " red 01 .hot ,,",­>OC1"t~ .... i,;nor.-.;! th... r........~ and pol ..... Oft ><"CUnh and~- . -

n..- ....,...~~.....",...j"b ,....I,,,,, 11 , ' hr Id.... ""'t~ Oft '"'"'"'

Fu tu~ " f 0<0..."".. an.! s.o.",Y in SouthAI,,<, " ....Id ,n L....h in May , h .. n ..H" ..·....·.., .illn t!;".", lh,. w nte, cnc.. 'm. vh.,-.. t-.-.-n. i ..... 1 v . I... wil l d<p"nd "j,w ~,·lh.. r ,I ",ma,n. a n i. n l.l le d . ,,,,ei,,, <I,"", r~. In..> . I. n of • hn"J puhllc deNt"

Tht ",...,j for .uch . J ....... t.·i. <rueid l. En ..., ..... """,* ""l1mi'h, r"'1\"""" 01 the futul\'mlKl . nh<1po '" .............'<'1 <Of ,........, <'",,110('1a nd tul..", ><'<\I n. y poIocy can <'II""" in' .......", ... .....ucr ."" mili t h.lt ...,.00.> our-...y. In a ny __. ,"" ~ w,ll.......... 'ht_ _oI 'ht...

T1w """ ftIlJonol.f'J"'<*h to d<-><Iot"'«"'CUney f'<'/I<y .......",. r.~ <OIl >tr;o~ .nd

,,,,,hnK. 1con..dc, . " " " • . II~in. w,t h .- ' h..-.l . ... Iy. i>· t"', rt> Iu do.-ntify 1M.,..,..,1>1, lu l u", t h " ", ,IMO cOlm ''l'.•nd""",Iud... try work",)/; " '" ,I>. 'H,,,.nd ..." ."t ,10,' '''''''<1 t" rc.'> "'1" i,,-.1 ,,, ""'" ,10"""

F"d l•.J try ,I>. ..It-,",,,,in~ in'......".rl tI...,mlblA'l'.nd II>. ann, Ind", ''l'. ,II<' t,'lldton<y.. ' 0 pf't'd ICl • ..·'mol c. ...• '10 , ....· 'K....nd " , <k>......'P h AA"'" or "" '"'f'ht.lic .....• ,m~. , mrnw<'d "'.'ron~ n"""" .nd1a"P'" .......1> 10 """" IIw",

TIm .~ ha. __ I;m;""_. I'ha. ' '''' nalfUw • ""I". .... F"""p.eh..' ................'" OIl thr ..... 01 """'.nd tnoJ- ...~ ' hr "~nr. _ ItJr "",,/IIel. Itd" ...... '"' ~ In "" pn.,h'Cli.... .....J.• nd """' nN 10 , p"....-Iot.." in civili.l"..",w.y .

M,';', ,m p"rldn' . i' io ",,,, n""' rn>d,,,,' ;,' .·, 11a ll n. 'i"M ..... " " )I;d )l; "d in '·" ,'n'i"" "'M

p''' p . .. 'i"n, . Ih" iT t.·., "I .·.,,10 ",10," I,)I(';~hh......J .nd ,)1(';, ..........." ri,~ "nJt,,·m' ...... . A, , I>. vi<iot",. ""' "i "toiW".r>dbetI<'r" ......Ial<-.. ..'. , I"''J'',.,,,''''' . ... """,.III.<o/y It> c_ '1Ia" """_ ........

I. I h.~ . ,,~.tiH .I'.Tn.lIH ' 0 ,10 ..

' rrroach~ WII ""'" " 'idt>r d,><u__ .nd.......,rn , ' ....-, Ilul ~ ..~...~ of tlor d~ 01 • .I,'._ ~1<1'. , , <UlIkI ................ ,"".,.,...

~.-Th;, ........ "'~"'Y ...<>tI1d .I,...... l" r>d. .........

la ll. from 1M """.'mtiolla l ' r!"'>adI,n boIhit, . i ..... . r>d ""..n,.. To bo.wn ",,,10. ," """n"Iol"'li..·• wl",ld "-, ,,, ......bli,h ,no.! mainta","''dct', ,atilt" Ih.,n " ",, ' ity,

r,,,,,., ....',"'Id "" " nd"",,,,>tt a. m" ", lhani', d iCli"na<~ d d in i' ",n o t · i" ...tt"", tm m,,'.r". II ",",,,, Id in.-Iud. """,nl~. N' "'Q\Ild. .... ...nrornpa04 KOIIolIni<.r>d , ju >lic<o. n d prot""'l",n ot , h• • n' ·; ''''' n l , Thi.~ ttm...."'" .... ..,........ od~'nla;:n:

• 11 f'fn'!t""'" thaI '""""""" .. ..... h...-

'h make . sense to bring "peece"

In trcm the l ringe and include itin the mainstream 01 polit icalth inking.'

,,, .Ii""" pIl r-i<. 1ha nn '0 f""'f'l<" . r>d prop­.nv. N I c.n "'" POY'''''''wc. 1ct." in>ta.......""""""hlpl. 1'Wn0000K ' 1""'''''yJ. ,,"viron­-...1 Ctk.truct"", <>i na"', '"~l 01pulifi<aIld~~I;

• It Joe-.. tto. .......:I "" id<'n-hly.r>d add ,II<' ""..,... 01 .............. <Un-

/lid and en"",;

• h ..m. I" bu Ild "",m.l hl n~ I"',ih~•,. ,"'.,. , han It> 1"""...., """'" 10111)1; '''''ll' ,,,.•;

• I' . il"," .. ....'( "' i' ~ in " 'la""n I" ,''' '''',)/;", I• • nd . 1'''''''-' id,-al,

• It;; ""10 ·......."'1 Ii.,> rn ....."I~ in , t"n-d , ,,,,' n,, 1 ~i 'K.l. nd <'CCl"" mi< " "" ""lu";n~ "I """'1~.nd "'. in mili"')' ..........

Th. poll,;....... !'N'" " '" ,,1.1 be., ron·"..,.,.....J ""h ..i<>l.ftl ronfIiCl .. lto.lrad,,~' J'f""'Od> "" ........nty. bu' it\. .....ptoaooo ....,.,1.1

l't' u" . ,,""" 1'''''''. ''''''1\ . uch" "" l iCl or " .." I>;n;: i' w"l><""f,....·,·,

AI • " ';:l" nal I.'v<>l ,10,­p""'rw' "t • .." " ". m l h"'~' 10 ..·. ' ,,, S" " , h AI, i.,. i~

u lr.md~ '.m"I . , A ll 110.«>Unl ..... 01 So" ' ",,", n A rne." 'ill "nJt",t>t.-<l I~ ,""

",tol-apa"_ ..... _ ,""', rommu .n.. ....h<onI_ onnain pol" U~

. nd K ono ca ll. " No. tor ....... Ii .hoi rv ....:p.,..... 10 ,10.. .,...-.... ""IIonl~ . , ac. rba•• " , Th. toad 10 f""a<'" hn, .11on in South AInc.~in;: • 11.,1101>< , <>i, h. Unl,. d ... . li" n . and O'g.n i~.ti"n ..IAl nc. n UnIty. I"nicil"ting in , .... ,.,.n' ......."'......i<.nd ,,>cial p" 'fo\..mmt'5 "t 110" ","~h .

"""ring , ' a I... a nd ,,·t, a in ing tm", lnt.·, h·,.Ing in lI>.iT d"m.,>,ic .tta i""

Th. ",,,.1 li k. l ~ in ' . ' ....1 """ ,e... " f ..',<>­I........ w ""ld 1><- rlg h , .w in l\ . nd kft . ..'i n g~po di»absti<d ...~h ' hr F'f"<t'>" "I ""lI""..._ .. Ihr __ ~..........--. ptob<woo.. Ii

. hou ld "'" ob>iDtt> h" "" ,10. hj,.tory <>i OU 'cou nl'l' , hat Ihr u ... of >Ut,,, lorn- .~i""' hrtn win_ ~ ' hrit ..............,

T HE """"" ....,.. , <>i s""" bt,o ""'-'l ha ' Cl>m F"" iltjl; id...>lt'll nd 'n'''''''''. canbe """',,""">da lo;'>;j Ih" ",gh ne;:oololli" , n..., pi,11" t """" ",,,a li,,,, . nd romp" ' mi lhal" h. , 'e , ., i",d ,10,' d ra fti ng "t , ~ . n ..wN'm i!>ian eon >li, ,, h ,,n 10... i ~n;;ie. n' l ~

....Jue«I 1 ""'''' '' .., Ii" .....;:om;: h" . ' ili';"".'In ." Sou' ''''''n Al'ic.n (O" ..t ..... '''''

". ....,_ 10 ,ndt P' lid< "'.....'.. q"''''' dl"""",I. fur .... _ . ........... , "" I li ng Ii""".._ _ .","',"" n<It>tIod "" ptlUpo fromIII<' _"'" of I:'..... 'w'w ,~ .nd pohcy. no..rnnrnloul<d thr u.-'.~ ...~In .nrwd 0«'..... tfw __ otalC'

Tlw cn><i.ol It.. <""' Ih AInc. ;. lha',.... d "1l"'" 01 I" t" ", ",'nllK! d"P'"nd. ,,, .~"'., ....','11\ 01\ ,II<' inc",."", . nd .....,""rnt...da' it'" " t CII"'p<.'fing 1""\'" in , I>. n'1l' ~ I"ti"". a nd .harin~ ,t>.. m'w con>ti' uli"n 'nd~"~,·'n",,',,1. II , I", d,1"'oo, "" t.... " " ...Iit",,>I • tt..mocra'ic ",>hIic. 1' J'l'!.....,

Tlw politi<'o 01 P''''''' 1.1 ha..... rn.... r>dImplic.tinn. 10, 'Iw pt>1te. 10 """ . 00...my,

Th." cha ,act.... I........mp,.. ...ould 1><-

Page 7: SA needs a 'culture of learning' - University of KwaZulu-Nataldisa.ukzn.ac.za/sites/default/files/pdf_files/desep90.pdf · EDITORIAL Signs of hope amid the gloom DEMOCRACY IN ACTION

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Page 8: SA needs a 'culture of learning' - University of KwaZulu-Nataldisa.ukzn.ac.za/sites/default/files/pdf_files/desep90.pdf · EDITORIAL Signs of hope amid the gloom DEMOCRACY IN ACTION

PEACE POLICYTho...- """n~n . ... "l' j;UIlMnl..... "A<'in'l poli« ,-it,l,'"", dun n);

pul:>li< <!,..,I'Il "',. tl>l-y "",>uk! ,ij;nihr.n''r Mol"",".t><h in<id<'nh.For d«.J I~ poli"" ..."'" 'U~io'<"l..,j to .y.t~m.h" ro' ilic.l

;n,J,..l li""lio", in~ of "'M,, "'1"""""<1'~.ny and ~,",io_l

P.rtY 1" In f-li<ul.or. 1'0111"",,1 "P!"""...... '" IIY~~I .....i1~~, I'''',J nd SAP tooao_.- of ,"" inI<Jl.ount inwMutifon> '" ,"" coun Th......""......... " onrnt.otion mu>l~~ .

WItW ~_I1<_1 eullu~ .'" ......... ..-..lIly • .....,..Nr 10 .oOdi·<~ """~. ,.... 5"1';' bAdlv In .-.l 01 • ...- ..'- a nd m"""",b.&.."j "'"'. _ ......~I< -:.. "f'f"-.llo 0«t.I " -.1'J"""'dl '"..... •' ...-Ml.nd ..hni< 1I""'p'.and • ...-... _ on oroinory.....~k« "l.

...........rwt d\.onp'o dso long O'l-m..... T1w /W'-..mnwnI ohouId.. I.<- ...,..11> ......... , , _ ,.nU <nmI" of "'I,gh........offian w ho,d..mpion , _' >i 01 po..i<i"l': . Ild .... dod.... l<d l<>dilfuo'Rg . ..., vWo>n ,1>""'Sh" ,,' tho " ......,~nin,o: pn~UI'l'S .hould t>., J""illl'l<'d h' . l imiM I<' In.... ,hot

fn.... 11> , '''''hi .,Id ' AA"",,;vr ............. and •• a "",,,n, 0/qwli'y ·,..' ''d h" "'ow nocruit•.Th~ Ji"".....t.trd kil'.nn. t. ...' h"", . l><", IJ 1>,. di,,,,,, ,,Hed immt'd i·

. tdy anJ mu nkiJ"'1 r"lk~. who haw . shj\hlly ""!ter ropulatiun., houlJ lit- rt~r. in,,,j . Traininl\ rtf all !",,,,,mll<'! ,h<~, IJ ", ,,,,.. norm. 0/pob lic.l ....utr.llty. ,,""'ili"ilYW r. ""I . nJ rlh nic d,ff,'ft"l'>('(';. u... ,>Iminimum forw .nd prot.·..i"""li' m.

PoIi"" ."""un~hihly j;. an <-Iu"'''' iJ•• l in . lI mod"", _",,,­. nd it , ho,"' lJ ..... hr " re<f<'d Ih.al. ",>Ii«- ton..... or . ny 01",", >tat.'lI"f"'Y. c.n~"« hr full~ ;ocroun..hJco. Bul Mo.'J'" _·. rd enh.ancinx"""1'<"'- ....... lhr poIic<o.", crucial in J i\'ioW _ills w""" 'ho'.,.,a.o..", otprdt'd .. """"II . M .... 'lv-Iow "" .... lfot.. ' . of ,Iv- ...bor·d ina.., P"J"'lohOlt

Tn. SAP .............. t-n J:<"I'IUm.h- aomlU_Nr 10 01...... b<.ndwoof ,Iv-_ , P.,b.mrnlan doW_ .nd ............ ""~ ...lt<'n

"''-'1'_~ po Ionun In ..-hictllo publri<oo <UIIlJt>-~ p.>/tc<' pr_.nd t '«I ralua.t>W~ frtwn m_!<'n. Bul II......Iional P.rtr·, conI"" <If parlta_ """ guar'lftw<ltNt it ..""ld tul:t , mp r>«Ub.-.~

Acmuntab"jIy 10 «>Urn. h.a. btotn .......,..ly hamf"O""d und..I........1.. of ....~. " 'hieh iriJ.....NII<'d policf1twtl f<Jr ...,iotI.und rrtakt> ",n g""d f."h· l<> h.andlr un,"", . Whi.. 1M num b.'< 01polK<' con,"ict<'d lJI kilhng or wou ndmg~~ .rouoo 250• y•• • ,n 1"" mid-lllI'IO>, tt.. puni, h"""'l lI'Wt...:l ""I .... ofIm ",Ia-

liwly lI'nient. C....r1y tt.. court, m.N ..l.<' • """" ,igll""'Upp"\O(h". en...... "". g.rn. ol lhr >tal.

A Oludy "" Don Fo.I"" . nd ClotWrd lu y< foond dta l "Ny' .....11l•.octiun of ro",i<1<d poti«ofnron ..'........t-~...... I~ J;,ct,.'Jl<"d fmrnI.... SAP Thr; , ...... . "" ..U<>l..... 0/ Ih" ad""lUo""" of ...i>l'0\lI J"';.p/tNry m.cItani5m> insi<Ir ..... /cJrn<.

Who... I"" ink"pily oi~lal ""1" j;. oil... I.~ll oolIC

lit J"<'h<r~ lton:Jughr>ul l'" _ . t""" wi<J<oIy "'!lOrd«! ...-.and aorllie<b...... tIw SAP. II is'- rot.ol _ h~

............ in>tUutod .and tha . 'ho """"""'"' oi intl'ntal inquJrwo "'"puloIidy d .

Sup<""'i!om can aho '" ~l\<noro;t "" 'ho _ of two~r....~ "' p bad_ ..to.- t..n ..............., j.....lIy i partial .,.,.,Uy fO'J'ft'W"la~ 011.... publIC. bul _ad of . ... p:>li<'r.

0... .g,"""Y. with ol lie... Ih.....ltI-l l... rounh'y. ",,,,,kl -..or .."""'plo,.... api"" indi..iJual..nd br ""p""'.,.",;I1o in....t~... tM...........11"!l" hO"', '" lin.!i"W' "'""ld Ir..... br ...bmmN ,". publ"J"'-etlI,". This would cir<um....n ' lho ""rren' intimwting 'l"'k'm",I\<... . mmplainanl mu" iiI<'. "'mpl. inl .1.poli", dtal'!\<'"tt"•.

A", ,, l\<r bod y ",ould "",n,I", and rrp',n on patMTI' in f<'l\1>l~rrd

ro mp" int. a nd ",",umn! p',hd ng pn,hl,'ffi>. " 'ilh a vi.... I"",. rd "",.' >m........,jing rha ng.." to t~.....1'<"',il>I. milli, t..,-,

It t h<""'''''hani, ,,,, fun.-lion pn'P"'Jy. nd . ... not undennirwd byp<~K<' ...."ta""" l<> ""I>ide · mt'Jd lmg"• • 0 h.a• .., oIl.n~ thr .....~,,,,,,,. lhoy.oo..ld go . kmg " .•y Iow.n;! building public ronli·d<"l'l<O' in thr oystl'lll" roolrol of 6<'>'iolll ropo.

It ""'y u k<' ofh,-"," .nd colW.b,"......., Ii",.. 10 ~n'", t'"kml\.- "',·.nlall""- idOl. in I'" SAP is ol.-y in >horl pply...... I""" is. donI!"" I....~ ...n ...~ w,lt< ~ ....~_ bY COftSUbk II IS I"""",,", aucr.ol that pol uw._"""""ft minilolw> ...pialn fully I'" ........... befimd -to """"" toall oflhr~. .

_ conotaN.. "'J'O<I<dly IN. portWCUfion in IIw .......1 I.....__............ corn<'O to powtr. f\>Io:." ..n~ to ""'_redlhal tJwy will _ boo pumoIood lr ..._li,...jy for llw;r to!<' in ..phoIod­dig I'" . panlwod ordo'r. At IIw ..__.•u n."obt" of I'"~wtJI Ita.... to O<'l:q>f ,.... ch.a'W is iIwrIl.iNr.nd lhal "'" SAP c• ..-conlOn'" ..-ith ~""""'""""'ouaI dunO\ll lh am<hortal f"'""d.

IlortaId W';ru< io .... -a.a.nl ,..,.. of -..,. ..e-rpW..hl"Jlf'>ll U fti.....;,y In Waol<inItt_ DC. H <ly "I'''''' ' _,~

....... i"fl ..i,I< 'ho IMti of Criminolan" UCT.

Working at peaceF""" P_ 1

m<'n! . "'",Id ............ri l., b<' fo""'-'<l in !it",lhAfrial . Bul 1'""'I*' .nd .groups ,,·IIo . n: com­milll.'d to """"' ....... II> iI'" inmlvcd in l loedoW... on ,lit lulU'" of It.. . """" fonft . nd""",my poii<}'• • nd not Jcoa.... I........~ 10military"JI'l"fl' .lnllr

Anotlwt .......... f<Jr I'" ....'P".h..nl of~campa~ .. 10 be found In lhr.rp;u­....... _ tJwy .... "" idoNliobr:: ..... they <!orr_ hrla.... ......,...,r

Th,. . '&U.....nl ;; 1001 ",i lh0lJ1 valiJ"y.' Nic<' id • ..-;U ......,. "'" to..... ......,....,. ifI 'n . 1 1........0'1 of id..n . TIw aul·....idin& chal~ io 10 tr......,. u intoriabko poIid<" ,Ita,.... p'''P'''Iy n:h<t;t.includ' ng Inw.t'l\O'ion of IIw "potn<'1'CO' of"'...... roun''''''

Wilh t h~ full "''''Shl 01 our ,'ioknl pa.1. nd I"" 1., lu", "I traditional ....:u rity P'~ ICY

ho." ' inS d"", n on ~nd wi t~ tl\< l"""'ib< I, lr" f o"solnS hoollJili in t~. futu .... it ",ou ldbe , imply , lur id tll il\n" .... lh" ",,..,j h" a "'''''app",",ch h' l>uiJdi nl\ and ma;nlain ins I"""'~"

....~ri~ N.'han il eha i.,....,.. ..1 tho .,nd C.....IKription C. mpai", ,n C. p" Town . nd . y.ho,..lOt<' of $I.,.. " .• • Rnool.... .. S<>.tIr A.fn<••

' WI'~ ""••' ~'h'h''''W_ "....5< ..... orh, ' '''''''

Idasa and the Campaign for Open Mediapresent a National Conference on

THE SHAPE AND ROLE OF THE MEDIA IN ANEW SOUTH AFRICA2J -2j ,\o..-.J>n" IfJ'I(}I ........ HtMI&C~CrrllTr

H"","~0- Rood, MilWpprrt.J,*~

Pand D&us.'Oions.:

. O"........,porlhe !ok<ho

• PoIilira! Pan .... · l"n"f'ec1:i.~, on Prr-.., Fn:te<bn

• T"" i-.!< an Op"" ......'a f....a ""... SA

• <>rm Mf'tlia ariJ 1he bp<Tie""", of Zim bir....e, ' am obi. and Mo",mhoq""

Worhho p, 00; 1l 1'Oa<l.-" l in~ . Rill "f RighI' fCen....m ip. c""m aim, and "",c." 10

information ). C<XIe 01' Elhic• . \led ia & Sociely. R i ~hl ' and Safe~uard~

SflI'ak." 1",, 1..,\c: Pall" ' ",dan. Benny Ale' ander. Richard Sleyn. Achmal D.n~"t.

Eo"", Paha t F.,a~ i \l unyuki (limbabv.'. ). I...ile de V. ....,.......1ffi (\101.am hi<l""'l.

F.,,-fu rilln i"/,,mkJli'H/ r"" '<l<" lieu l N" uJ; <1' (011 j 40) ·) 5110 or 8(..-.r/( 1'ffauhffl h <II (02f J47·J I! 7

Page 9: SA needs a 'culture of learning' - University of KwaZulu-Nataldisa.ukzn.ac.za/sites/default/files/pdf_files/desep90.pdf · EDITORIAL Signs of hope amid the gloom DEMOCRACY IN ACTION

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Civic strugglecomes of age

Just ..-.ott.... WOftlshop on the

_eont~~of

IocIIl go.... 'IoT'4\.I? Thankfully,

this _ not the ea.. with •

consultatlft wortr.shop hosted

by Ida.. In Port EHubeth In-_.JANET CHERRY report31

MANY ,,'ho, .....onJ<d ,"" ......n,.' '''-v fflI;, ''1. " on'<d ~ "",11omi~lhn ~h in ,.... 1">1-ilio d 1oc~1 ~,,',,",mo'nl ,n , U>ft"m C~r<'

A. '""'" J..hon_"" ,.,......Iu... in.... I'Ionoct, •.........Ten OOd l' w hic h h.11'" ci.-oc "'/,:0";""­"""' , 1't'tN r~<'d: "In J"t>u'!t ,.... <i'-ic> _the 1<><:. 1a " lh" , ;U.....""nJ a n" I':,,' i. tin /:l.1h1e . 11,·... "'e . ... mo.'1,n!, ,n ' ''';rit "I "p•.'"di,C\",~>n .nd .1,"'-'1" ."

I" no,-. ti " " . in Ih. p"hlio " I \"..-.,-1.".1n' 'l'' ili. h,m . ,.. "Iii "'.... hI ,.... f .'h'rn Cap"In a >t'n.." the w"'~'''' 'r wa. ,h" ( u lmiM ­h"n ,>I ""''' l' rn'~~"" in" "'h~,... lAking ,ho..pru".... one " " p lu't he., ....~ " nd lOl l an dinto n", ,,"""" "I ....'nIC1o'inl' .1><- W',,"" ,,/b:. I II',.....'n".......' .

""",,""h,m .."n...-...I " .... p>.....J ..""ni­m" .. . I...., the.nd ut the 1"'''''.1.. ..... nt,mand.oiinl': I..... k' .....1"..'" ,..., koni...'lOII of• forum - . "m,n, k",.1 <t>n.." ....,"'.

blr · - ... 10<.11\<..·...... ......' ..""" ~nd

.....1<"'ll"IIN'"''''''n.. rof"'UlI.oli,... - ""-""'-'P' """'l "'..,.,. .....,

tun .un. ..... bo~h toru".l .on.! dn.t'It tomod ;n of ltor OOft>I1tU<'nC1o<'S

.. po " - 1n y""""'OlJon.. .~"'l'iy.

.....__ """'IOJ'II offiriok ~nd .....1<...p ,,'~,,~ fro'" ..... ny '0" 1" i" ' h..u C~F'" - ~ II~. i" I....... of III<'"""f'" of " 'hot d.....-..!. lrom tr~""J""f.

fin.a...... ~nd 'T~"''''ll ''''''''''' '''~I 'YO-­_~nd'hotnWof m1<.._ .....

It dftop m ItwI ~ " ... _..-ic of-0.... e 0.... l.Iu" pol, 'y· ~" IU t'<'.....""nn! mol"","~"" and ",...Mri\'. ..-ilk 'IIPO'''''' ~,nlt ,Ii... r ..lI<i~ ol" uni'''''1oc~l lI"" """""" "'" and ......'nlt I" kw.ok~" II<' n'ltv1l""" lot' """..""It

lI ,lthhlthl...' ch. lI" "!tin!t i"r"" "I..,C<'pt ,,, n. h'/lh <l.....h'y 1,0"' , '~"I\" 01•PNk nd ........ ..,"'....",,/1 f"N'l 01,,,,,,....,,"'.

And...... 110.... ,.... ,,' 1'l.o......1 " 'rLllnn! hm. ,,.... 5<",·,1" r,~'pk', rM'';;.I ' kln h.tJ ".".>01n"ll"li .li" n. wilh , ~•. T.~"",~. I rn..mei.!llAdmini .'r~Ii"n "" ," , ~,. "." , I....ywll , The"".. I, ...... . ' /\"~'m"n, "I' , ~c 1"."",Ii"" "I ."1'''"",,,'''i'''' Md" 'I",hl.m Ch. mber whichw,,,,ld "'PO''''' ' ..,.hl. " ,....' 1",:.I II""·""'mc,,''y...,'m" In pL•.- w,·lI •• thl' priOOrl.. "I. ,. in" ·I\" " ..t fi ,.,.i.1 'y" "m I.... SI".·..' ....nd J<.....,....-.k>~

'<1 ike S.. 'chtt ..... , ~.,~I U,.,n"ity' ,del"" ·", 1 h' ..·" . .... ..·1\",....1 r "nninll~'JIU"d Ii 'I'f"'",'h h.... m..n~'''''>p-

........ ,1','1'.'.-,,.,; ........ nwt" ~.."'.....Ii....~"" F""'pl.. , i"',>1..''''' in

· f'T.Khu l plonn '''11 ..>Ill'"'''''' /I""""'"....-..1" . ro,"'" 'N" .."..,,~ ...... t>u......,..ocy.."h .","hl'r. rn"·_ >1 hl"'''''It . nd .......1"'" ",,,,IJ 1'<' ''J'I''..... ni'ltS "" pro-, ';,1"'11 ..........,-""1\, "'M'hoI' .. pmt>lcm<.

A 1i,,·I. di i,... f,>I~,,",'<d i" "" hieh '<1 .r KD",h., ,,, ,, eh· . k ...1r"" 1~ h..h.,·I~ ,~,i",,j ' ho' 1"'",'1'" .d">i'ly .1' .." . h.lrrage...1 ' I li...,.•• 11<"" ...,-viC<' e....'~ ,." .. and' ;d;"'I~'"

AT TH E "1'01 " I Ihe di " ..» i" n, ~t r&~N. ",,~""i"l\ lru", •• ,ed w,lh aU' b<' '1"""' ion, I>o.'i n/l fin..t . , him. e~me " .. , .. i' h aJ../i" ih .... "'. ' ........11 I" !P"" .rr........· "Wene..d "".. mu ni< ir.l lly I". P~lIbh.~; 1~ ..Jt ...... <"n"......... n Il; d .. plie~·"'''' ~ no waot.oll<' in p""""p' "

Ph,lIr <a" R.........JJ ut I..... t.:"i nilY ol,t... """""" e.F"'. "f""~in~ ,," 1oc.llI"'·.......m....' .fi ....OIC<'. pu' ftlTWud. wi uf fill''''''---"'1\ ..h.a, ~ ......Id " if ,II<' muruo-r.li,~ ud Ibh.~il lo4o'h l1 .ha ....._moo "'l""l1y II' '1' ~""""r< 10 "f'lUod<'---n. mlhot~

II<' ~'f;Il<'d ,hot try ,••-.nng , hot """""...kid... lrom ind....fY .....:I """'ftW'I'<t' fromIII<' ...,;" """"..-.I .nd India" 'T<''' to ,t...tuck 'Iwd~" ;"1\on ..hll In ...lo,,,,,, '0 bl.ck ."""Id t'<'..........t "'"

I........, ~ would not b<'.bI.- '" ""' npn_' _ ... of RI1 ~

""Ih"n ...",Id t'<' "'I"'R'd '" I.-iny; lhot Mad<"'..........,P"' up to ,II<' ........ '" "I ' II<' "'" 01thotcol< .

r a' frl. F"'tlI'..~1d ,,/ ,.... AS(: 11"'""" """ 01the "',," "imul ..,n~ and ..n, ...lai ninlt.add..-.. ,~ ,.........."""""'. s..tI,~ ,b<' ......n.,i" " I •• I. il\h ' ..n 'n~ !t' r b<',...,C<',. ' he""""'nd...II ..... J"'-.p\r and ' b<' .bdi! ~' oIan~

1..1..", 1t"""'n"""'l - "" en.n ANC ~"'......""'1" - ,,, d,·I,,'''' "''''.in~. "nd, ho'a lth anded ..e. h",.". he .'n·,,,,..t Ih.· n, I.· 'hal 1"".11I"""'mm"nt " ,..M r l. y in harn,",; n~ "o m­m.."i'. en'ah"'ily, ",,'''It' . "d P'~""lial,

CTi i id . inll , h.· ·"'~Ie bmea u"'acy" " I5".. lh AfTk a, "" hic h i... hite, m.le,AfTl ku,.. , middl.' ·<1a.. . n'! <__h.i.h.n. he~Tj;II"" h". t•• n,h"m.li"" "I 'he · nigh' -........h ~ll-"''' puu le" ,~ , pu!>lie ,....i<t>.

Th.. 01,...", no" """" , , ""'~ c;"'il "'-"-"~nb ..ill d....rr-.... II."" , ""....... I' .........

• __ ""..M .... . pn.ok->o.>NJ pubhc ....._""'1" •• ,,'k..-h 'n."l>.... n-1•• ini"l1 . ,i..tinllpublie ~_ ,,, t'<' .._" h' • deo.~men,.1 " .., .•" <oK1'''l\ , .,...... and ,t...b";I\h1.-.l ," , II<' Y'",'h · '0 , co,' ,1 "''''ie<'.and ,,"nltinK in ,old,.. l""'J'k "'peri<1\<l'd ina" ie nr ,•.ade ..n~'" .lla,,",,

("h,.;, tI ,·.'man. ,lI t...· Urban F....ndali"n. nd Tht" . ';' d,. II<~"" ,II ,h., A?"C ~l ... &lve" .. t",. I'd"'II I'"1""",

1I.' ym."" loK·....'<I "I' "1,,,,, ,,.. 1 , y",·m. "II",e. l g"" ,.,.m,·,." 1I,,'inll a e" mr ",he,., i, '"."a ly.i.,~ ,h. ,'n·"I\' h• • nd ...."'k"'''-..... "Idift n" yP"" ,>I ..~i"l\ "y",,·m. lie • •g..od'hal d lCT...y.nd <'IlKiency "'" inrom-

p.1til>k 'N'•"'''''''' ....lo""" 'I' t'<' fou nd. nd 'hal J..m"c••cy c~n too. dC<'rcncd~' ~

1oc~ 11.-Y'" ' h""'ltl> ",...;!thh",,,,,...;,1 ",,,,,mi!·,........... """,mlln,ly .ad.i..,.,- romm'".....hnW 1\' munjc;pol def'a" men...

110. rn.aJ... 01""'11 co", tor ,II<' ronli...u<d 1<tt"r>C<' 01~"'" <i"K org.o_lion>. , ~lCTati< ~>c.1~

"""" ,.-- unp/<'trwnlt'd.Th.. n<>l'ono 01 •..e""n,~ bi li..- ~ nd

"do.-mtxT.ocy" '" N ....h.d.ooUt. ........ch.alw-..ll<"Il...- 1Io. h.a. ..hoa~ olrongl¥

.....1Ii"""'"''~~nd pooorn'" dt><nmi.

...Ii<-.n i" la""'." ,II<' ,"'F""'....<Iwd ~ndI"",... k ..

FIVE -*'- r-d.• Ioc.l lI"'..." , ch.a",,- oIk>u.ld too.

d ur ... ltuodor ..man ""'.Iot.I... ,1i-• A It>Nm ol .11 1oc~1 in' ....... !troup' ' 0

.dd ....... ,h. i ...... 01 ''' ''. pori .......ld t'<'.........• An J"'''''' nit!" to basic """,....

.nd ~II. .......,... , _ who e~" atlo<d _ hing.>hou ld f"r k ,

• C;,'i< {"II.ni.~li"n, . h" .. ld b<'...' .. nom,,",,', " <n<> nlal>l.. ' I'd 1',,1it icolIy""""'hltned

• Id. ", , ...... lJ I... i h '~'e the ron.......in/\ cia local I(""""""'nt It""m "'P""''JI'.Ii''~ oflhe I""' ple"I 1\>11 F.Ii,...., ~ .' • ,,·...,1.,

It i'''r I" Id, ,.d ~II II<ld ;... ",,,,,,,,.,,,>01with 11><,.1 I(,,' nm.·nl i" 1'"., E1i' -ab..'1h '0en ,h. 1 th,· ~" h" n C'r. ot.Y' in ,h.I" I""," ~ in,h~li"....' " . ... I".m lhe Ioc.l1("" "1 .y"em i,,'" """ which io 'ruly""",""",Wi'"

J. ..... o...rry ......l , I........ l C.... Adu lll-.- ift R r...je<t.

Page 10: SA needs a 'culture of learning' - University of KwaZulu-Nataldisa.ukzn.ac.za/sites/default/files/pdf_files/desep90.pdf · EDITORIAL Signs of hope amid the gloom DEMOCRACY IN ACTION

ONDERHANDE Len demokrasie

Suid-.

In die opwindende en oorwin·

nende lye waarln ens leel hel

bale progressiewe mense 81

hall meganislies begin dink

del onderhandelinge noodwendig

101 'n demokras ie in Suid· Alrika

sal leI.

ANDRE ZAAIMAN wys op 'n reeks

struikelblokke in die pad van die

demokrasie en arqurnenteer onder

meer vir 'n verbrede inte lleklue le

raamwerk .

Oie Pretona-l)eraad;

IN ' N onl " n~,e ",ti l...·1 ,,, ndom d i"' w.'",i., ",n n,,,i.,I'<,u in ' n I'<"',vd" SUlJ ­Alr i l.. •.• l , d 1',,,1 J"~.'" Il.·~,:no.., d i,'F",li ll<'ke hk",~,f , ',m Stellen\>.»<:h,., "ol~:

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,.n"" m.", "mt,'btu,",,- J " l ,....,~· .", on,~,,­'I'",nklikh,'id.

In .l ie op"' inJenJe en """'in n"nde ' ''''", •• , in om I,·ef. hN b. ip . nl h l pHl h.:id• • tivi 't., .'n I""!,,,''''i,·,,. m,'n.. ,,,,• • 1• mpe' h. U me~. ni >t i•." be~ in ".nv. o, J .,ond."""nd.'lin~.' ",~ld",.",di~ mt~1I." M ' nd.'m"" o,ie in Suid ·A!'i ..... 1n h",',,"'d dild"id eh' i, d. t onde,h. nd"h "l' (en m"",Je,­h.'id ""'~"'i n~) 'n ono" thwTIi k<' ,,"p in d i.'pm"" i,." d i,' J ,'",,,I., . , i,' nj.· J i,' n,..lci·",~ndil'e u ih' lo~I",1 d....'. n me, Die "; n<1,,,'on " 'it o",""·,,in~ "'n ln'nt'~'f on, ""1 "",'ond.'mo"."''''''. "n"~"""rdif\" \,<,,1,'<1., Idi.,, 'erlede "'o ,d ., '1 "'. ,~ 00. b en y ); i nh i~rd i ,' " p, i ~ ."nd i~ di t "ol di.' ,I'yd "mJ .'molT., ie en ""i. I,· ~""'~I i~ h" id "p 'ndin·lt~wv", ..n

In die gevol "o n Suid ·Af,i" i, d""rd"ideli . ",I...',e f.kt" ", "'., dIe J ,I.I"tdlin~

,'o n di,' d,'m"I.,.,i" in I" "'I-.p" rth,i d So, id­A/fl. " bo.·m,wili'

Il ie in len,., " "io-.' . o nom i.,,,, on~d\' l..­

h<>J., .'n ",m,...d.,., ~",'"I!, ,'.n ,."'."',,~•.

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,-. " h.,' \'r'iJ i n~. Hi,-I'd i" rr"bl'~'m i, \ 'en'1l\'~

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[)i ,' ~,·""ll\ hi,-,...,,, i , 'n h ",,~,-~.,­

po litl_ ,d e m"", mel 'n \>.l".., l t., poht~'l"

"o lin~ ....1 m,~" " o" tm".l op d ie in t." ·pM.'i'" " "n 'n rel.,tit'! 'l" ln ~rt>.'P'" , .ti­,'i,t", lIi''1\li" p,,*,I"'m i, " I' ' Y\>.'ort ....,~I"''''~'-' d.'U, ond.~drullm~ en d i<' ~.+,d,­

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Op .' I..onom i.,,,-, ~.'bied be le • •'n d il d iebo.'<I in~in~...., ""'~(~'P , '.n Svid_Af, i",.n,,·I'",Ju l..t., "p 'n in,."n.,ion.I,· m,u' w., "pl . p it " li, l le, e b" g m , d . 01''''''"'' Il ie,d ied il"",m, pid" ni.· n", \>.'p.,.,ld.· I>oT"" "in~,

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In di<' h~ ,'.n Ji., "'i' d.t ,,,'.rt "'id·Mri·"'n,·" ",n .·n ~"" n ""nJ'in~ 01' hd., • •'ni , -

""lie g T<>nd he'H'­d.'lin ~ ,'n dk ""1'",.' In ~" "',,' di,' in"' , ·n.,ion.l~ ,'n n"ion,l~

. o n" ·I. " ,· "I' hi ",d i.,ei,,-' 1'1,,,, ~ . n h.."d,,11.. ' n ,w"~'kjng ' y' ''p u ihtee ~ o m d i~

I" ol>l" " m op 'n 0,,10­r it ..., m"n i." o.,n t.'' p""" "'o t me ~ "I~­

n"""''''n """d nj~Bmn~ dl<' ,." m",,,,~

v.n ,lie to",I,.nd"'"Ie",ie ,'.n tr . n, i, ie"""" u iken~e,i t i nI'h ilipp" S" hmiU.', . 'nGu ill.',mo 0' D.,n nell". ,-.,,~.'IY " 'nd">tuJ i.'S ,onJ "m h;,,,J i..onJ.,,,., ,-, p {m," In .l~ ­

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p n"'." g, 'n,..k " 'ord.In Su iJ ·Alri" '"

~.'y.1 ' " n J "", " I' dIeoomhli ' d " , " ~,w..",,,rd "" di,· ", ,,',km,~

b . Ii,,,,· p."-t tu" .: n dj.·A~C en d ie ~r.",~e.

fing". DII IS "nd.'mob ,ltl<·' m dl<' , m do'". i~ V'n di~ ",,,een ~ om ,t,, ~.,~.'im ~.'hou

",,,rd ,'1\ d.lt Ji' g.'n",. l """d " 1",1." d M h,, 1~,,,',,I~ l'<'I" k,'ni",,,1~,·,ooJI'I.~'l; ",,,rd.

\1,." m," l " nk ,,' ,,· .·n ,·mp i' i,·,.· ,,"'''.ll·n.'mln~' en "",,,,v'in~, . " d 'Xhm i"er ~n

O 'Don n.'1I on, te l. ,·n , ~.· ,u, d.t in Ji.,onl,ng", ~."I.. i.....' n" ,·.",.iIl.",J.· ~,.d., ,'"ndemokr" i.· d i ~we ls uH ,u l l..e ond.' mo­b "ti.",· 1""" " ,",rt~."p,uil hd, Dn i, du.d"id~h ~ ,,,,l m,,,'n tl il.. om ' n d ,'mo"",i.,",nd.·, di" "n"""il'~eiJ I'on d,'mo" ol.· 'eI'nld u"....' ·

B,·h.lw,· ,." d i.· f" i' d.t Sohmil"" ,'nUO<mnd l , 'n,l v ~bo.' l ,inni ~ "'''''' u d.1 d l<'

Page 11: SA needs a 'culture of learning' - University of KwaZulu-Nataldisa.ukzn.ac.za/sites/default/files/pdf_files/desep90.pdf · EDITORIAL Signs of hope amid the gloom DEMOCRACY IN ACTION

\JGr ika

, Daar is taktcre wat

voortdurend die

commitment van beide

akteurs tot die demokrasie

sal beproet, uittart en

ondermyn. '

>teeing en devoIusoe van ee ondertlandeling5Pf(lSeS behJott 'n p"OOt~eflle 1t<'OOS,---

...........IIo"....."ll •· ·n "'...."ok Jorno-u_.... tr._ ,.. .I "'"""" Il<" . llt~ Iwtlot .I toe>· 'n~ ..... .I "'It .... ,,}.o.

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"

Page 12: SA needs a 'culture of learning' - University of KwaZulu-Nataldisa.ukzn.ac.za/sites/default/files/pdf_files/desep90.pdf · EDITORIAL Signs of hope amid the gloom DEMOCRACY IN ACTION

LettersF","l P_ 3f"~'Pk' h,'~ in ,ml""-'''''t..-.l ,·,ooJ "~m, "j,h·out ~d''lu.Jt.· ....... 1<' I''''i< ",,,,,,,, "'-'n''''''''Tn.- " 'AI do.ob.I l<'. "-h",1; SKh. ~",>M.I. i. tho.'""'~"" to. "-li,,h , ,"" ,,'ill .... P""",........ ~nol t-o< "" n ~..J, m<l

\\"'h~. ... ,,, I ~I."'trlli<~li"n vi th~lo._-...h,J"- fof n.>mrl<'. A..., ..... Jl<>i~." ......

nocWT r--.... '''''''''''lI ''''' ,;.,l lOt ''''''M~I.nd~u<i"ll hi1,hlv ""'ic __.:I"J"...w. .._l~ An' wr !t'1<"!t k ....... " ..1.no! oil Icon'nklllnlt 1<. ltk*,,1 "'''''inlt)'A.., ..-r ~"ll 10~ lim... on ,"" oro"­""'" of t hor "'"P on.l""'n.nd _ ... ,>1,.....i......-.l on~.,...... rwlk"'.'".g ••.••1­_ ..............nd ~"'''ll.~,.....'Or ..-hoI '

At thr....J of ."" door. 20 ... 1O r<"''' do 'n'hr ~. ,t~I ..·. rm'''lt ...-....... its~I u'"'''''' f'<'I•• c' l" will It. ,""w,'oI'l "' ."" ..... ,,-,ll ......nol " 1,""....• nd rnw. ..,0h-~. C. J" ,11no! to.. It••lr/u l t_ '''' p'rcd '~h ..'. t.............. I.... A'''ntlC 0 .......... F""'""lt dO"'11, <tum"",,,-

S. th Afn<,.... ,••" k -. ..... up k' , l.><t, ...., oO<>m,ol"R' "''' ,,It"""IuI _d, ."",I1< ..-hen ,...... k·11 ". ' N ' Ihe ' ..,r·'-"',1'" hUTNn k,noi i>.t ..t.ok . Tho- lo, ..

not S1mrlv !oct..''''"'' ~,..,.·I"rm.·n' .nd c ...t", U..., .',w in'nT'K'n' . 1><,1 1><1 " '"", rJ..>rt.,,'rn'I~", '~k'rm< t .nd ,II<- n,~ ,Ii ..' Ii,.cbon.

If w nl to .....~,.• ""..."i,,~tul ct>,," i!>u·li"n ,,, f"."h·in~ ,"'..... 1I·" . i"", . .. '. h",' t' ,,,.h.n~on ",m.m' lC . nd ...him.i•• l "i,·...' "f""tUl'<' .nJ CIInt".n' ,h~ N,i. i"u... und,',lv·"'~ thr rnvi",nm.'n,.l n i,i" i",,·,n.lio":'l.nd n.li" n.1<ont",1 .nd di" ,ihulion ofpo.....'..... nd n..""I'<" ,

Ll~"l' ,,'., ...c.. t ..

VIOLENCE

Criesfrom thebattlefield

WHY I' l he violence engulfing lhe PWV

region dellcrlbed as ~blaek 0" blaek~

or lIS a ~Zul.,.X ho.. war~? How should the ANC

respond? These que,tlons are posed by

ANDREW MAPH ETO, tormer Robben Island pr ls"

cner al'ld currently Johannesburg reg ional !o,ganlser for the ANC. !

Rural realitiesoverlookedAN EMPHASIS "" Suu.h Atrio<a·,crt.... n cn_ 'IN'" "...,....,..ndahJ<o.nd............."'. Bul k'" _ ..rNn.....b""_............ t.r d<»_ .."h ... rtIYo:,,~_lion.

0.... _. in v. ill "" lhe- con"" oI.n~rb<il"""""M_ onctu.n... <II' P"'"........... _l".. ~_"" -o-"""'" rut.1 INhhorto and , . ... ..k

,~ ,"" t .. ""f'hnt. buI ........ ..,""'nY' ... . he- h, "'n n 'hc- political.tru;p.. acd d<N ~"1I""""'lJOnuman ...... rNn.....d ,mmilt..n~ 'rom ",..I......... .............. , ,j ",..I .-d. ;. ... ,..,.IlvJ<o.,s i.........t..tc,

Th.,. i . a ... ,,"u. danlt• • ,h., lhe.p.... hcld pallc. n. 01 .... 'lti ... Ii.,nlt ",.. Iproplc.nd '1'<" ' . "' m.~,nR d.,<I.i"". fu ,Ihrm, ""ilI h<' c. rro..,;! ".'., inl" ,h., po".."",,"'.;d " '~"' . Y.1 ...i,,,, I''''' """"'it> ,Ii.C1m,lructi,~ '''''''1\' ,Ii 1d...·el"pm""'.u,h.n prohlcm. "'illl<c .~~.." . ,.-.l h~' 'hrron""um~ mil,,,,' ot .",,,,,,m l< ft1UR"" lromin'p".Wi , h.-.l , .. , .•1 . " .••.•nd ft·p"·" i,,n",tu~",< tn"" "pl",.N.,,~,.p" ,

Fu' Ih., ,.k" "t , h.' <"iii,·. ......·n •• 'hrc"untr',id 1<'1' . ,,'. Ik "n Iw" I"R" ,"'.,, u ,.l , .·"u.lI~ imp",t .nl ,i'r, " tmuUlr 1<.., d"m,,,, ,.lic d,','rl"rm" n' .nd...r.lth """"I.....

"

O NE HAS Vd '0> ho>i - ...hi'e on..10,1. " violertn'. ~ , I><- .-.l nd at",,",.llk L~~"Gourxe 1find it >uffi-~. to m.t_ ,he- (1,1 yhem ••"1olad on blad-""-""""" As ' Zultt-llJtos.J...

""hv .... ...do ...-- -.I' b" Iloe id"""of -. "' . , ' ,...ua.- . ,I><' bn,. ,. .. ot th..Im......I"" Act. ..." ""pbcM: tha' ......... ,he- "'tourt>r. le' I , ho. pol.....61 ,.......~-tcrrdrtt<-..'

A '.. ur ~~, ..... .he- ._ """"".haIblad F""'f"r~'"oncaf"'l>W oIldd"'lt poItI..""I .--. "" ~"'ll '" ur'dd poIiric111 ide­~k' I. """'r at ,It<" <"'l IN ' .- ....~ 'f""Ok.of ,.... .trup ~,..., """",rclt..,." I_............ ~icU••",. ·1011.. 'n A.nc..... "",........... ',i""l ...'~ '" "" "hl..., k .... t>l.>c~" ' "10­........'Or~......,.. ,,, ..nd ....... n.J IN' . .... id",ls

'''''I'''''.. ' '''P'",d lit< "" C si...... 11012 haw~ '0 I<c .han-.:l "" ,II<- .... ,'"'~ ,of ",,>pie In

' "''''n''''~It i. .....:.......-y II> ...~t' ' ha' ,he 1""petu.·

' i<m " t "ihal dl, i..."" .I'd . ni""..." ",, ho,b....n • k,'y ~ .....mic 1>1 ,~" o""n~"id ".'t'F"n"'". 'Mt't th" "'1)' "",,,,,·nl....'''''n ,.I k,>I ",,,,,' il,, 'i,,n.,1 n''R,~ ;'' ;''n> i,., ,"', '~""n'

,>I t~., r"Ii'i(o l l.,I'd"·" I"·' I"" 1\" i"",,1rort~'

III... . Nnn," "t min"",~ t\~h ". InclUding, ,,,. c1.oilt> ,hoi AtTk.n 1'<" '1.1.' " . i'I., " ,...­,.1.·""lil.."

It i . , h.·"·t,,.. ""bii.hle , , ~ h" ... ' he1..""..1.o,i<.. , ,j ' ho.' <u rn"" c llict .. 7...1,,-Xh ""or ,.'rd . inl.. th., politi cs ot.pd" ""... ,he ."""........ "'!ti...... ht-noofi"

if lit< ZU... · X"'.... J"'ftF""1" '" ' numphs-.nd_ Ihis furmul.o.il........... It> , "" d<N'" ona_"-_bfr

Bu••h.. io ont~ pot" oI ,lw npla_ forwhY,It<~ """ borm m....narao:ten><'d<As. "tUck on Nack. 7...lo-ll.........r". 01"'"fador> <on<'t'ftl h.Ut"" .nd ,he- A"'C iI>df.

The- ....-....., 'N' <UII.,,1ioed , ..., Iwos_Iv .sa....lt"d In ""·. im.oftr. 't,o Irs.""in ,.... rwv ....,...... n... "'" In ha is, in......... F""'f"r'• .......,. y WIth riD-~. It ho• ..-.o n .~mil wipedou'. ,h.ld 10<'..... \os.t. ho._--II ,; ........t..1_ and .n ,I> ",,·n in......... -tha"n....."" add..- otttIf h !lOot onIv.I"", .,. ''''''It<' a. hnnl\n 01 ,·hem Icr>d"'<de 'o .1w -,n hol .... r" loniiul.onnn. "~..., In ' ·• <T<tlot.l,ly ••• politi-c. l "'l\"n' ' In ha .k..... can """"II"people'. P"""1"""""I _ ,

A, 'o 'he ANC. lhe r ,,_ m i> 0....... ~...........' , .... <of lNd< hir· o....~ "I nile.pn......nd ..........-..:n nd ' 'f''''"' ''"n ha .... led10> db,.. rt l..n, . Includ,ng ' he . henation "Ik'.d.N ip In.... , ,,,. ~,. .... ,,_~.

T1'>r ,....,1t i.,M , """"'n ,he "" "Td "lead.·,,­is "'....,i<""-.I . po"pk' th,nk "n ly .. t T.mh.. 1>,\-I .nd,·la, Th.· inll''''''nin~ I" vrl , "I 1,,, Jt·,­, h;r ",i,' "" "dy • • ""nd Ul I. ' " ""nvcpITb.: Il> I", h" i. ...id .II ,"" '''I'

Thio "n'" vii'''' ,,j k...J"",h,p ha, "",dri' ",_ihk'~" , ~. ,,, t>r",,,n., . Xht.......'I\"ni..'k.... ,in, I"" ." !\Oni,,," i<...,. , m..,tvi, ihle lead"" h'r c" ,e i, r . ed" min. ntlyll"".... ·.po·.k,1tl\

F", """1'1.' " n , hr l\",..n~ , ' he -Zu l.. -

Page 13: SA needs a 'culture of learning' - University of KwaZulu-Nataldisa.ukzn.ac.za/sites/default/files/pdf_files/desep90.pdf · EDITORIAL Signs of hope amid the gloom DEMOCRACY IN ACTION

VIOLENCE

the ~Zulu-Xhosa war~ characterisation has

Re s id l!l1ts on the Roof flee in ierroe d uring towns h,p voerce in Sep tember

'For people on the ground,

i. ,,'hM r"I~..."...,.·

l~ ""...... in,.."" 'h..- ""'1""" '" ,,j pol"",• • h'<l t.. Ji.. ,m I ' ......'. rr"..... tt..~i nl'

,,"'rk' in ,,,,,.j, pn. ' 1>«' h.1 . """" "'illi"!,"Y, h,- .I,.... \' . nJ~l. ".., c"m~ to .Ii....,,,,thrm'htm...-lf" thn .., .

A. til< , ............ .,......t.oo in' ....,.iIWd .."'ncr "!:I. hod h••,~ "" , ......th<- .- 1.1"...1< II..J ...thomll. """id-om.od n ~__I,.""" ",-_-'it> J""''t-, _ ....., 1<> ,mrw-r.,...:l or S'"und...d OIl 'u to.o- "'- ... dc»! ..';<hII><- f.act , , It... SAl" j • • n uRd,..irh_ro>bl""'I M.,

In "" ' .Cd' I,,", r,.I1,,< ........ runn in g.....,~.nd .11 ..·r ......id do ..-• • lCIep"'­1Jw;, _i<.. oll~ no,.. __ f<'J"""" <ofp'...... "'~..., _ho.l ... t.... ......... " 'r....... comrotlw.t .., u1Jll' ....... rn'f* '" "..,n........................M hootn.

"Bu t 1M J">lK<' Lllh n/( " " . ..-•• ,I><-~.nd ot>m too.......

A~ <. 11 h"."",~.""" otNlm-;nll- l:n..... ,.,,,~kt- ..od ,,_hi1¥; ,~

'f't'<1'" "" the- qIJ<"lk Ofl'~ ...-lf~.nod. ...... t r_~ un~

So ,11 our ........ . ,oJ, bo.n ll'lL" reluc·' . nl tu I"". '" I~ w ilk """,a.k<; fmm" ",11...1· no.ldo.., . ....... Tho.... ~ no .M..-..... tuU... &m.ond h".""" '

W HAT i. I" bo., d" .....?FT.n~ly .I"'. , ~ , n~, ".or "'''pl., ",i,,,,,j ,,1~

p"......r':.' .Old ~uid.,,,, ~ "I ,,,or Ol. t~",,,1 ~'"J ...... "t tho· ho'i~"t <If t n~ cli.i.

It i." I , tn.t '" "",n,' " I ,.... ' I""pl., l,...J ·,,,,hip n. ' h 'p t,.,oM...• .nJ ....,h.'n 'he~'

......"' t" ~ ,ho.,,' in • rn.i. J'<" ple 1,..,1

.hol,..d"nnlGt-n.-r. lly . ",...~mjl. t.... ,,'i>i<>n " f .tTffil(lh

the ' t N ' fIil fn<'ol . nJ nu rtu" ,j "'.....U.... y '•• J en•...t.~ I<- WI....... A ' C....'•• p ly..-J. I. lle" p y,.. 00' " Ie,\ ·•..._ 11

~fK.oJly " ...,".....:1 I",," the.lo>er>ce01. <Ie.., c de«J ....pon... ITOm Ihe...tionol lNJ. h,p• • nd lrom. LK~ of co-""',......... l>rno _.nd _'"N> (IfI . ....

It"'u"d . But . he- b'Un' '14<1e i" nUl. ......J'h ,,, i ..., ninlli ully ,n....... _ ,he Ioo;l of .n _r>i><dbo><'OII ..'t.;1I _ COIIIJ ......

n" .......~ ...... ,hot r«>rIe <.0...... 10"""'lip '" onJ,,·Id LK~,"l':' f'""r"'<"

Ii.... 0" wh.l .... h.ppcni"/\ . "d CO",...·'!"""U. p ....... ntl nll e• • y 1.'It..1> ,,,' .~.. ,, '

1"'''''''''''''''-In ,om.. i"...n.:.,. lh.' .."u, h d"",."d<"d,Iu, no P''''''' 10.' . ..." '...i"':.J ..'i,h In....' .... orI"" P"''"'" n...'y ..= ..,j 1"'-' <i"ie, "I >t'1hnl\,mt '" " ,1i"l\ wil h" ,, 1 • m.nd.le . w~ ..'.' .." ' 1",1,,1 I" " '1'1""1 , ucll .·;" w, ., "Gi,'" ,~u",.n<t ....' w,ll ' o tt "u, ,h,' l ulu,' .

I" , h" ft, lho·... ,." 1I",.t d" . 1"I ill"'''''''..10.... , .., ' Cf'U<i.ol ......C p'. i<.....n<t unk..,.,,~"' pt, ",.d.· 1<' p",,'id ,'.n of~. ni.., -

' .......1 rei 1"""'. ' ·'lIil.n'" lI""' ps .......hlll"" .'..'JUm.

. Io.....t the .. .....' ll.....' ... ,I>< I'n-lorio '-lmutc

.nJ 0....' ;.. j<N1l• ..J ,n ...."..ct,,.,., . rl<>II - . n

.o<I ,~~..~... - fn l "'- ,,'ho .....Ii-«!thol thocn- ..... Id l'<' " '" "·.,,,,.,.11 "~......,_ ..·" "'...11 ' p (In , ....

..........I~TIw U· ndnl .u'plOon. ,/w,

...... , 'n 'n' '.....' ..... ." ,no'e.p"""'.o1lnt.ol ," II>< 1"\0\'\'~ blm.,;which .... unJ..mu I .... "..c trv portr• •~..... I"" """..b oi .- OFth.... ~>ur .nd•.........."'- nr«>rIen...~ lhtp'......w......' "", ,I..- .'. ....... ..'••

pUnned . co-ord, ,nl.nd~ ..."h m,l..t.l", pI'o'<NOII.

L·.. l""" ...," ·..nl>rin~'nlt Ih,. ,,,,,,, .Ii.... ,,, puI;.;.. ." t ...on ""' It> p"" t ._of 111 .,. ...." ~h

." ' nJ I"''''' "•.0<1....'h " "~I,n!l u 10., .. bdmld

1.... , >k "'h." ,1 1> t..-."l\ plonnnl...hoi.li "o"inl\ it .lId. m'.... ,mpon.nlly. w"',p",..id .·. ,h, ~u"••"J "'".". th. li ll~."I""d, I.."" ,,... '1"" M .",~ ho,,'

A.c ..... I" «",<Iu d,' Ih. t Ih ,' p"hce or.." 1'." 1,, " I un,''''.... i''l1 ,h.· 5AU', T"n~•• 'm"'1 inll . ",t Op.".t"," 1,' "1,, hul n," "I di,­" " ....i"1I ,h" ......., .. "I ,hi, " ~,Ioo"n"

Th,' .., ...' "'p"'" "t in..id.',," in w hichp"lico' n"t "nl••id•..J I"• • tll. loul ac tu.n..t1.d•..,. ..,,,d.·", . ,,·h,I.· p"'lo'"di"1I to b<-In....' ..... On... llo.ol-..'n,·ille .." n ru' il tlli,......, "'T/'lo.'''' ;'' "', 1"....1.... "' 0 ", I"....' ....

x r'" rn.'0<1 h...n .... """" d , ...I u,. In ' ,n '""- "'»1<1 d..·\"llo:r> ...lift.. ,>II 'f"l'rtrum .'~ ho:-<'1ue."" n o "l~ : ' My Irle nd. ,,'e ."j

I0I:<"l ...... h... ,uch It II Wh.. d o YOUd " Ihi••g.o,",t TIw .n ·... is oIt~n

' My I....nd . " c. n he lred · y .... ..".your></f _ lh"'PoUnd .

J ",·_rd._ younKM" w .. t/wt if ....COIIId ~ill .- 1'"1,, I..- ....... Id f<oo.-ll..- !<od..~.U, ,h..

Bu l mho I -..ldrot "ocr w • • of.I.mi ly ..· 1 ch ,Id w""",,, I....i .......... prtrol-loo.-.oni-.I. On , doy oi ,hefu ne..1 ,0-01", ....n.-:I "" "" "'f""l ,he"""' nd _.""",p youlh Iri ,I hel _ lhot t 1...'."' ''' ............ "J'<ft' " Zu lu ·'p<'. ~e · 8 u , .. y"u. de. d ink ....z..Iu.· '.... f. m'IY w looIJ

T HE UIp.'I>I.nd •· 1...-.... e , ·Whodri I ~>k !'"

ec- ,.Ily , ,",,'m. ' n !<op f'"'n is , .... ,' peei. 1 "!u• •h " I l ,Ue.. n . p.n n ",. le u ".....,,'e inl". "'..,..t " ...·n,h,p, " u"", lri<°t~"" ,"'... ""''''e Thr """It .. , , ,I><,,"""'U"it ..... in wh", h ,"', 1"•••",.."" "<'<'d......." bn-n ..',,'" f. , 'l nwn.>fi'\l.not Io. nd t"to.- "n • hollll,' f" ~ ' "II '

It i, h.,d I" ,,,....1". th.· ",,,"'",i..n ,h. t •, ini,"'• • nd ",~"", ,,~t pl"n Ii,'. Io.'hmd lht,,·i"I,'" " ,. In....lh" m" .. p"",i.t.' .n umh,,'II.u"d.·, ...hi,·h I",•• m",,, di, 'u rhi " lIl'h.' .Mm""" n. lIum<\U " .",'u"d " I f",,' ill" """;;,' '''~ ,.1. "I 1I.' m". Oth,'", .pc• • "IK<"",',.~ ,... ,~ " ..,. , Iu )'O••-m,ltt.lrv unot"

Add ..' lhi, 11.... 1..1 .1.... ,......~......... Io.'!l""

B

Page 14: SA needs a 'culture of learning' - University of KwaZulu-Nataldisa.ukzn.ac.za/sites/default/files/pdf_files/desep90.pdf · EDITORIAL Signs of hope amid the gloom DEMOCRACY IN ACTION

VIOLENCE

d i""u.. ,h,'m wi th Ihe p"lke in a f",m of"advooacy" mnniln,in~, T h. Ihird t y p einvo l" "" an ..uempt " p'" ",-kwpinll

In Du,ban Ih,',e i, • H -hou' hOllin,' f","""pie 10 ph"ne. Th". e m,,,,it,,'i"1\ Ih" "'0"li ne conloct the app",pri"'e . " Ihor iti,'. ­pt)lke 0' .rmy - and c. n lawy,"'" 0 ' am",, ·la ll<t'S .. nd .."m,

An i mpo, la nt " peel o f "'onilorin ~ i,beinl\ pn.""nl .. t Ih. ",..",. 01 1"".n".1 00"'tikI" It i, much e",i," 'o~.. in, o ,h" ."••bef",e Ihe battl e l1<1':in" In Nat." th ,,,,,· . " ,pn.'Clictabl. and " j,.., ,,>1OOd,' with ,.lIio<-

Th. Du ,ban hot li"" ,' " . bl" , ",,, nito,, toI." " w a"'\\I' e "enlS , h. , h,w e h.~·n pl..nn"<l

How to intervenein the conflict

Residents move oct 01 a hostel in Tembisa with policep,otection

Monrto' ing the police:T"'e p"li n h",. o fl"n b ...·n."u,,'d 01 •• I.ing , id ,,, . nd ''''is h., "'·,-nw iddy dnrumo'n','Cl. ~nniioTS " ..'ol tn fmd.w..y of wml.inl\ wilh Ih. p',lice _ pt,inlm~

" ul bia,ed ..,Ii"n, I" th,'m . nd e xp l..in inl\t ha i ,,,eh a<li,,,,, m ..l.e Ihin~ W"""",

Oft,,,, 111<' iX,Ii,.. don't I.no w h"w '0 in""­w'", i" a " ,ntlict 0' h",·" n<>l w,,, k"<l oU' •" " y nf dh'li,'e f~, l ictng. M" oit,,,.. ,'a n hd pt IK' m w ith constru cti",' ,u~''SIion,.

General monitoring of conuct ereas:Tho-,,' .". th .... F">s, ibl,' w.y' of m"nilortn~

One can analy,e Ihe cau"",, con""!uenc""and I,end, in Ih.· wnlhel a ,ea. 0' "n. ca nlIatl1<.,- MMavil, "">linll tn 1"',ii<e ><1i,,,, and

Monitoring the mediaTh. m,'olia d ol nn' h o ,,' ho w '0.xplain ' h,' "inlence .. nd .,.th,eto re i nd in d t' d I" m a l.eS\"I<" 'p i n ~ " a t e m" " t, . uch a."M,"" nn t"'e ,.mp"I\" in lnand. "wh,'n In. nd. i, . ,..... ,,'• • "d •t he "1'1',,,," i, a l\"'up or 10 p""pl.g.th,'n'ol in ,m. w m ""

Thi , I.i nd n f " p ,, ' li ng c' nI ' ig hlt'n man y poo plt-. A.n-l"'m,-" of...., ,dy "n h,'.rsa y '"polioe un"" t " 'p'lT" 0' I,,,ei nt e ,", t in the i"ue, it " ''OryimiX"tant fo, mnnil"" to t.. ke~",m.Ii't; inl" Iht' a Uect"<l a ,,'a;,

W HEN , u, h as r.lli,,< nr lu n,-,.I,. "1<>nit"...Ih, "001,",-, 11,.1 "., .U,-"J th,,,,,' """nlS., "to"-'''''r>,

u7.,-k,,1 N.t.1 ."or ,.,'" ",,'W I",..,~ m. kmjo; , m e t he police kno w lli,',-,-,./ R"d h'U' ,"hip" P."I G,.h,m. . " . t ~"", . ud t h,,, lTV to «O,rm,,,ni·,"t;"".1 d,,,,-!,,, "I {d. ,'" in ll",/un, c. t" ,., itli b<ith~M'r'

mo" wah "'r"""!"t;,,,, "I J"". '" Thi, kind of m"ni'''rin~ is li",,-~",",o"rx .'g""i",""", 10 .<1,." ,,,1,,,- <"n,umin~ il d<>M <>n • re~ul.r

mallo" "ro u t i" t.",,',,'i,,", ""d 0" N,i>, In :-Iala L Ih,'Y h.ve "'<>Tkt'J"'.I",nisa'""" ;" N.,. I. Tn;; i,. ,«,n_ out a "'>It', >y, t"m I,,, "r~.ni>• .

"'"", .>{ Ih, .~",dd,n.., II<' ,\"" ~ to> ,hi' 11"- - - ....-.--- - --.,.- - - - - - - - - - - - li n" , tn 10k" r"<p"n<jh;l j, ~ /",""" l llIg' d iU,-""" ..·.'<,h 'tld, _

Anu,her way 01 fo<usin~

aU.' n ti,," o n the i" ue i , t o"'Sani,,, high p",tilt" fact -find ­in~ mi",i"n, . Th<' ,J,'k~k,> u, u ­ally Cannol ~,~ tn ,h<' bo>ltnm " fI"'" i"u,', bu , ,''''v h<'lp ,,, m..l.epeople aW."e o(wk.,t i. gomgon,

Su ch group' ca n in<l u,J",Jip lom..", .,ht""', bu .in,""I"'"pi" , p"rty load"" . nd ,...., 1"',11«.T"'e mi ..i" n im'olve . mee tingIho,e art",I"<l h v ' ho v io lonceand i, a violen...-i-t'olucti,m ,I,al­e~y. nol an a tt. mp t a' ",.d i.·li"n.

P,'",-..mal.ing in a n ."•• i, afull ,lime job. It c.n't be do"" nn.. n ad hoc ba.i" He med i.. to ". hnuld be I.nnwn and tru,t<'ol t>y

1:><." ... p"rti"" - even if """y are "''' , I.ill,'ol inthi, w,,,1.

In p' M nli. l ",,,,flir ' .itu.t;",n,. il i. i"'l"''' 't.nt 'n con'.c , .1l ' he l\rou p ' involvedbefn",lund . A"ist.nee c.n be gi"eR in "'']';<>­hating Ihe route. bu,,-,> will lake In a ra lly,a nd each , id e can be inf" n m 'Cl of Ihi" Th.p"li,. "'u.' .bo b e in!<"m.d 01 th"s<,. t7.n~,·n","".

It i, .1", iml",.' . n, ,,, luw ~'in, fun,-,.l.. nd tn d"p',litici'" '''''m _ "Ih,-,wi", the linc,>a", drawn e,','n mol"~ ril\ ld ly within .. com­"'onity and the wnmen (who art' a iX"""lialuniting and peace -ma l.inl\ fOITe l becom.divi.d,'ol

Reaping the ugly harvestBy Joyce Harris

S INCE l'1-1H t"'" a p" rt ho'idp' ,licy of 'he Nalio",, 1Pany l\"v,.rnmenl h a , lV,l.maticallyOp p rt',St'd , dis"imi"",,'d'lI"i n". f""iblv ,,·mov,'ol. intl u ,and efflux co nt'''' lIt'ol, ., nd g,'nt.,-­a lly ,.,Iri ct.d th e Ii ."" " r Ih.m.~"ity nf 'hc I""'pl ,' f",m ,...,.cr .,dle In Ihe ~'''''e ,

A mino,ily g,,,, ernment ha ,iml"''''ol un ;I'" law. nn • ""'0'I,,,, and onh.ppy ma~"'t y, a ndthe "nly way in which it w oldd l' '0 w., t"' , ,,u gh Ih. 0' . offo , ce . S"oc ' o,al viol,'n" h a ,h."", built into 'he 'y,lem, whk hh., e 'p,e"ed itself in manyw•••. f""" bull. in~ hi~h , lund·, 'oln,,,,, to .ctu.1 ph v, ic. 1..",u l,.

A, cond ilion, h..w cha ng,'Cl,., bl ack peopl. h••·• h,'c" m,'i"'"",in~ly arti"olatl, . .. 'do""."d ft·p,."ion h.",· <"<'""a'd ieto d ,-. , h o , h,',. as 'i'i nl\

e xp ,'eI" l i" n , h ."" , n"',' up.~.;"st t....• iimit..~m, of mi n,,.­it y un wi llinl\ne" and a h"pe ­le" ly i na d e q u.te econom y,ri,inl\ fru ,t ra lio n and . nH'''' a,,'i ncre., inHly t,. p ,e"ing ,h,-m·,e lves th'ough ,h,· u s<' o f v io ·k''''''

"o"''''y. ,w ,·" ,...)wdint\- un,'tTl­plov m,',,' .nd I.. nd hunl\" are. 11 ,·"",' , b. li nl\ t he "Iu..ti on" "'pit' a,e Iivinl\ i n appall ing,'ond it i" o" crea linl\ a tinderb" ,"" , Hv ..', .Ii ~"" . Sch " o h nl\ i,".....~'ic. a nd f" , m..oy all"g<'th,.,­"on·,-, i" en ' , and you ng pt'<'ple' rt' wa lk i ng t he .I,••t . wilh" o, "'in l\ In d n and n n ro l u ,e,Th,-y ....w "nlhinl\ '0 In..

Add '0, hi. alrea dy "" Ialil,',it u . li o n Iht, o n b.. nni nl\ 0 1ba nn, 'ol <>rll'mi",tio "" Iht· ....·.d~'.. rtirul..li"n of n",J" ~'i,'\,. ",,('S

a nd p', lit'i,'" Ih" ~,,' k,'y l nl\ fo,iX"it~'n in , h" "'-'''' """" h Africa. nd , h,- pursuit of po we" ..nd

th,,,,' i. Ihe malch 10 >el t"" lin­d ,·,ht'X ali~hl ,

It i, ''''y 10 plav o n ,be emt>­hon' " f ang'y F",; pk "'it'" liu l~' 0 10 "-, ",ho, haw "" 'n,h" v i, ·tim, nf vi" le neo in ,o me fn, m ,oranolhe,• • nd who are ,ead v 10d " ..nylhinl\ in pU"Ult 01 a h.1 tt'f"'ayolli f. ,

The'e an' a ll ""' ma n, ,,'."'''',fn, v;nlon,'c.•nd " ,,-'m;nl\ly a ll,,~, f,-w ",mo'oli<,>.

Th e country i, ,,'api n ~ theugly lu"',,,, of ,he d,'hum.",i",·li"n implicit in .partheid . It h,,,p,o"ided ..II t ho' inl\" ,J ,en ts, v'~

it ca nn,~, '" llii , ,t.~o, be h;'ldsolely ""p"n"blo f" , a n ' ha t i,h'pp,·n inl\. Some or ' he f. ultm. v ",ell lie "' ItIi Ihe ,-."Iv r" l·o,e t" re joel " bv Ih ",e ", lio,h" uld h",'e known ht-tt,-,

AI le.. , 1 (In,' ~.ne,alion o jvn u ng blad" p,,,habl, mon,­ha.... I:><.,·n b"".II",'Cl bv ' h" vi,,.I"nt"<' '0whk h 'h,'y Ii..... b.'.,,,

, ub;ec" 'C! and b y the may li,'m ofthe .I,,~~., ",hic'" na, been I""ir"nly medium 01 in ,'roeli"n ,Tht",,· ",h" na )'. perpt~ra"'ol th"v' ioit'""e - y o u n ~ ", "'i" · . ndblack I"'li""m,'n.nd y,,,, nH "",.v'icemen _ luvo . Iso bee n b ru ­ta lised by ",h,vl Ih,'Y h"" e d"nea nd """" ,

No·.,,,,, """"in, u nt" " ch<'d <ITunbl,'tTli, 'd . Tho w "',,10 " f ...."'i·,~y i., tarni 'Cl. Li l ,' h.. h.""mech<-.p. maybe "'nrthlo.,>,, a nd t hi,h, ee d , inhum.,n and biz.. " ,'beha,'i"UT carrit'C! "u' wilh "''YIi" le (If tk . mo ral , .'ub i"""'hi,, h " ,,"d ord in",ny b,'"'F"'C-t,'ol

II is ,"" "-'>p' "" iblhty (If ...chone 01 u, lo ca ll f" , a n end I" 'he,'i"lenee ..nd to d o """'y'hinH",. ,an 10 Cf~alt' a di ma ' e in,,' hich it i. "'en to ht' Ct,u n','"p,,>du<1 iw .

loy« ]-l. ni. i . nnn",.ry lil, vie<­p,... id,n' nf th, BI" k S..h.

Page 15: SA needs a 'culture of learning' - University of KwaZulu-Nataldisa.ukzn.ac.za/sites/default/files/pdf_files/desep90.pdf · EDITORIAL Signs of hope amid the gloom DEMOCRACY IN ACTION

VIOLENCE

!!;,,:~,!i. ';~: ;;; Peace-maki ng in rural Natal"iol~nu t h~t h.."'''gu lf ....:! r>;~t~ l ~l.o

•prod 10On i>ooLot.'d nll<y ....... Ildlo:'re>l,..... """.....n ll y ot N~<'lho d I"", .i,

youth. t h rour; h • (O nf li~l "" ·....n t w ogroupo. Ih... - " ...alY" - Uh... c ) and tho'. ........guood.>lW" U"" ,....:l• •h.o,1>od rruptftlboca 01 • o.pbI In , .... youth """"niwtiooL,.. nor l .,,"''''. ,.''''''''. 1M spilt In;!:hlho".. bootII ..oot-.C'dl~d~ lout it.~.Iwot,.... -..nty knft _ tho opbt

to d .....'" tht JO"Ih aI'ld tho """""""",Aftft" _ _ ......rrwl br' ""..... ..od ......

dft" . Id ·• Co,." """i'.. Conni<"t Moni-l onnl: Sot te e M S) <'011«1.... ". rio.... .... ftM" 1Io<I """pil..d • ""POrt o n ' Mu u. n .,mm i . .. ,." " to d i....... the~., with ' ('.;' ,;.., ...... froIn Iht llIorl.

. ... I.... EIOd '''' "",pilOn Uml""'lI" . ndthe Anlt'''''' Cllu..,h, At ,"" ......,hnr; t il...romm". "y ...l«l<'d • putt com mittH 10....... with , ht COoIS.1Id lO p""'''''w~ oI

.....ing , "" ..,.....<1 in thor . _H" .........' . , "" com"'un,'y ..0. only"'..

port 01 ,,,", pn>bl<m . nd CCMS ... ...ked tof,Kilt ...' .... ,,_hAg " 'Ih til<' "'<\Ili t y /or<....~-

s..v..r.1 poonts~ from ..ho, "0. to... ,he tir>I 01 ......... oIllWo'!;ng. i,,"olvi ngld~... ECC. 81"". So, h, Anglic.n ' usri", . ndR. co nci lia tio n C" m ml• • i"n nd ""cu rily1=. ,,'p' ...' n" t" ••, M,..I imporlanl wa,

By $ leV1lfl Comn•

,h...'iJIi ..f;...... 01 .h. H'CIl.ily 10""... . 0<'nJ/;OlIl"m d _ ....

In add,,,,,,, all odm........ fromU"" SA Df lhall in U.. PO'" I"'" hod!iOftl<"­_ "'I.ft\ _ Do ' '''' "",noct _~tlwy ...,......t 11"'1 , lin hod ""'"' In do wnh..... phyMcaJ JI<'Oif- I""" ..._ _A ~r<-I .......~_ .... -..­

my b<ft '" toot~ 10 __ , "" alITUJlU­

n il y 10 d ,OCU" ' he pn>b...m . ' 0 c"'u u pIN>Ltliuj:Gw'' "" borh ..0...-

A. tI... ...".1 .....' nf;.. I"" M'nf rily loren..- '" «1 imporuolly . nd I"" oornmunify~ 10 "'J'I'rf• • y """,plai_1O """'"-

An -..... poi.1~..- ..""'" ..... SADf"'.. invited 10 at_tl"" """'.....nrtv .....,..ing 1 1 d . y _ u ""mo:d . Al fi"' ·'''''' ><JI-d rm....l. but all« IOmII' d__ !hey.t;n'<"d. Al I"'" I<>llowln", oily·, mmilll'; I""""",munify .pplal>dcod1_..~nn1y.

Wh ilt> IllOOl< III"" lor Ito: InN.....I OIl boIhsid... 10 su l>s ld~. tho.> I~<I t h. , "",,,~.. hMfim pTO"ed sin<~ nUl li..1 ......ling ...ilh lho.>polico- n. , h.1 Ih. p<-.'" <um mitt ... f.ltI"" pol k oi"",,,", n.., poIi", hild also'al. n ","veT.1 "'n<",I~ "",po '" ~dd .....s Ihe.. Iuallo n. includ ini'\ " ·m" vin,,, . n i" I", mcrfrom Ih. ......

A lurtht'T impo.... nlb l' h"", ~h w• • the.~" by ,he oom·mu My INI ,he poIitt. nd [d u. .ho u ld

all....pI '0 _ lhe • A........ti· . who~...nled a . "", 11 n u mton of voulh••nd had

nduded ' ''''''-Ivn from ,he "'"'"'"~AU.r m,,<h dioc" ..io n .nd on. f.ilrd

~lt<'Inpl."" mot I"" · AmokMI·. II w<o> dNr'M .... lnrlly in Ih. f;rl>II P w~nlrd p''''''<".Aftior !hill ...........Niotwd IhrY~ iJMled

10 """"' ..-"" I""-.. .. 1M <nnmunily~ II"" bIlQIftt """'rnunIlJ~..., -

A 1 "'*1_~ of It>r · A"", u li"......."...j up ,"" optrll of -.--;botion ' N I..~ed. w Yu>flU 1 , ''''' _ ti red of ....fighlin& n..y Ifd 10 vN I"" I.ornilieo of.... t>o,'o ..ho had bftft blIo<d - ..... 10 IfIoOk~. bur 1O ...p"""" I!w;'~ <>< wlwolhad hoppnwd.. n..~~ with ~n

~ft""'''' _ """"' ...,.,Id ... """' .............~forl"",.,...h ..hohod dlo<d

n.. you 'M hn.., now ,.... i1",d ..... """,h"'Il"'ni>.ohnn. ~nd a <ivl< "'Il"'nioation b,,>e<IOn Ih. p.a<, co nu..'ll..., . l ru ctUT<" w h i<hin""""... <\dm., you lh ~nd '""""'" .... _o>l.ded , :'IIow lhollto: flllhhn~ """ .-nded.ndlh<>n> i•• ..-.01". k'I d,......... f"'Ob!<"'" •• 1",,"...... Ih. commu nlly can begin 10 .dd,.....I"" "",I prnbl..... INI loe<' I,,", /1;</<'1"" "alt.-y- I"'" . bo<-"", of I.rr<d ,,>act. . ,"<'<tOOly.ndl.-w.... lhan IO •• po

5'...., .. Colli... I•• CCMS <o)-(I"' ;nolor.

Dream of a thriving regionBy David SCree<'l

A RECENT k!.oY.fM;hloled lriplothe Fronlb"", _ .. '"" outto pt'<JM tout........ ~rid In""""""'l oprorrunm.. H _ ..... ~in"""" lUnd 01 undfnlafid•• of I"'" pnlflic.aI proeeso of lr_ onMou""*!"'". 7.--e ..... LombI.L

n.. I I porticl::r.· ..... wet<" . 11 . lumni 01 , to: w,,, _ ....... S<hnof.nd I~p" kn, • • urnbn of ..."" rom.... . i ... in Sou.h Alnc• •iItdlId"'& Rio T_ z....c. Enllftl l.irmt<d. oro!~ _ .ridAno,. In~. the ""')DO Iop<S ""~~ the ___ ,tc...~, ~_""'. ,.flido .... _ irl """'._ .... IIw IMl<Oup6eof '""' ond ",. t WIth Iknamo-

&oooomi<" .nd lou _ ptc>I't. ... spol.. k> hiShli""ed II....""";0. .m. oj cor "" ...m.port n..t,,",. a~ltu... (",,,,-fu tu... .... in I""'...,.,h "" I"'" <Ounlryl. .,.~oo. oj I"'" Ioumt~. • me.-_ pnW.,-. ~rid bulldulf:;on in--...J~

Plubkn l iIINO Id<fit,hfti by __ peopIr-,;ovemmtnl .......rn ....... u.. ... of~~. .... ... Wlfh Ilft<omn, iIbto'ra<y_ lod. "" oJuI", ion......... p<>Vftty l\loumbique ir. ..... "" u.. p<><>r­... ""....... In the ...,.1,1l. ~nd """"' e~n nnIv II<'~.~ """'~oc:onnmf'. .

On ,"'" w~. ..."h R......mo. ,"" ~OLImhi<"~ weft vny JI""ff"".Aft<>r • I'eC<'nI O«ond _ ins~ Rena ~nd FrelilllO in " . Iy.lho1 """",,teIlhol P"'"f"'<lO for pooaC<' '''''''' ""'Y good ~nd .ho, I"'".......Id """" 1O....rd• • mulli·po"" d<-tnocJacy by \1. ,,·h ....., j'ftr

In Zimbab..e. I"'" J'tc'tl'Iion of ,h. 8""" P w. .. """",who l coolerlha n il had ho.~·n i" '-t,~mPiq We """ ...u mbot "' bu, i....... k-aJ ·.n. I"" \1 i..i..~r III TrOMplltt d Ih.o.puly \.Iini r o f Fo ...i",nAfl.i"" W• • 1", hod • ''''Y ",,~>d Iwo-hour "";IIn ilh Ih..... PAt"m"",be". Includi n", lhe S"" lh...n Alri",,, '""p.......nl.live 01lhe r Ac.

CUnv l i"" I.nd,od 10 "'" . rou nd Ihe SADF CC. (lh. Soulh,>rnAfric." 1JI. lnptn<'ll1 . 00 f",,,,,,,,k Co-ordi....hn'" C""I'KiI)• • nd I"'"Pr.-fe..... li. 1Tr.d < A"' I ll'JA),

W. /oond ,h.1 KO"""' ' .... . for Il-ss t'<'C1'pliw '"' chan", . i".ni'udo> •.,w . rd. S....'h Afric••han I,,",boa""..... rommunily , M. ny ,,,lhe bu"...... penplo: conclud .... ' ''''l s(W~rnm..." . w...........~... hol

. ... >01 of Sou'h Africa·, domi..."", of I"'" s.>ulhf'm Amc.an n.,;ion-Dunng "". _'nf; wllh I"'" Dr-pucy MirUot... of Forrit;n AII.i..

..... hNrd _ only ~ ..... a-blUhnn - ""'" .hol was a<n'pI<'d by.to:_""."yof Sou,h Amc.an .,.,....... - would . ll<>w Soulh Amc.a in",hoc" ' ''''SAOOX ~nd .... 1"1 . It , 1Ttode Ag:rwmmf.

n.. ""'"~~im~ , of , ........ mbrn "" ,"" bus>-.......~ w <o> lho, ....h .... PAC who yve US copin "" ~ nwn-bot 01 popen <>n. Ior ....-....ed--. poky. _ poIi<"yand aMiaI ;,.....,. in Soulh AIn<a. h <.II"'" .. ~ ""J'"W to u......., • ~_ thor .... PAC '" t.or Aoh-.onced ill producint;Iu&!' - ~nd ht&h 'l""bty poP"" .-_

A FTER th...., oiI,.,. ..... ....,....t OIl In Lo-... wlwn &"""p.... .mth,l"' ....IIY • • k:uu",d. "'. ' k 'I"'" _ill w.......r....id..'" " . nnet" K.o.und~ ond lhe fu ll boord. oj 1M Z.mbi~n

Indu"n.1 a nd ~,ninll; C.... ,ed h"" lZ,mrol ~ nd I"" z.mt>i~n

.........- of ", t.odw<n 17 1.W~ .bo!\ad u l"",,1) pcodlOCli... _ ,n p _ h , to: _

~nd Chi_ amb ' don..I'robIc1n . _ idomhfWd by the group ...... ' ''''' thriving t>Iad _ •

..... i.. Lombia·s . 11 hul d .,.,n>yed oconomy• • deb.>e<I .............y• •lack of . l db .rid • lack of bMic in..... ru<tu'" - ~h whal I""'" io ioroIlapsing f.irly qUklJy.

We JM>ard • lor . bo'" Ia.ge--"""Io: ........pll<on in I rountry and ,1<01","und• • in ....ny w' Y' ,h. 1.1"'" of Af""on ""li" li,m. wn ou' ofk>Udl wilh popular suppori foe. m"lli.po"" democt"'1' in ZombiaW• • rrived al a Ii"", w"'"" 7.ambia _ or I"" pr."kf....l _ had d ecidedIh~t lh. re ", ill be ...Ie,.nd"m on. muhl.pul, d~mner.cy inOct"""'" 1'1'11 .

A . lI'il ing " poet of lhe lrip w• • • go",'''' ......., 01",,.,-ra.ci<lli. m in.Il lh" coUnlri... . oo. d..i .... N>r S.>ulh Ahica 10 I. l o II> place in .Sl>ulh, Alhe.n """""nUc ,,~. 0.-..... 11 Ito:", is ~ ""'"' d ........ foe,be poIitic.11"""'l"" in Suo,h AI"". I~ toot po'M£'/ul

Vo>id 5<=n to Ih.N.'......IOi..-ofl<l.oo.

Page 16: SA needs a 'culture of learning' - University of KwaZulu-Nataldisa.ukzn.ac.za/sites/default/files/pdf_files/desep90.pdf · EDITORIAL Signs of hope amid the gloom DEMOCRACY IN ACTION

REGIONAL FOCUS

Painful pursuit of empowerment

Sisters in arms at the workshop

A pPLI CATIONS toa tt,'o J • women ' , "-orbh,,p«'o ...·o,·d b,- Id". ' , J"ha,,­n",b"r~ "uii., in Au~u>l cam,'In.,m aU " ...., th.,T"nwa,l.

A '''~'IV "r n'.,,,", f{Or ,,"dnt ­; n~ '<> att.<nd "'<'f" ."prt,,,,,, b,­,h" april,"",,, • ",,,rna" t",rnKa lil.., who has I"" her , h ild

""'1\h' ""'."'" add"". ,h,' ,·i.~1."",<,. • wo"",n in1m. "",1.",.Wa"h,j t" i nf",m um"n "''''''''''about d,lilv ,.,id, by h, ' m,-landf">lico. w<>ffi..>" fm m-,h" 'ub"""wa n'od In find <lUI ,,·h.ll "'",n_,hip ",,,nwn w,'''' 'hinking a nd .l"'''Old" tmm a ,>'Ii1\i'''' ' nrJ,·, inBophuth."wa"a ",o " ' ,'d ,<>,ha re hN ,o"n'm, . hnu' , h"fu lUTO_

As it 'u rn.>d nUT, ,m ""'br",, k,,/ v j<>lenn- <In the Ea,1 Randmad., it imp,,"ible fo, Kali" "w,,,nen to leHe the '"",mh'pa nd t1... v"u nl\ '>]" b,oth,', of "'l<'<>[ th,> woul d -he p. rticipantsimm "'-'''''-'0 "'., mu,..]",,>d hyIn""ho 'ul'!"''!'''''' o,~'''' t>t-i",v

,h" ",,,,k,hop "'. , du,' I" ho.');in_The 20 ",,,men "'ho ~ath,-n'd

.,1a ,1'1,,-.1,,-n're """d",,kin~

Ih" H.rt,'b","p""r' d" m ",ereS<~h", Zulu, Xh,... . EnKIi,h " ndAfrib.n,_

Th,- ",,,,k, oop .im,'d ,,, facih·

la'.- Ihe identitica li"n "i C<lm ­m"n.,l ili,,,, inn".", ."'."""'" "i,oci'~p"htic.,l i"u,., . nd ,'nco",­.g,- ind i.' idu. l .nd c"I1,-.. Ii\'eempo"""m.-nl.

The wom,'n we,,' d i.'id.'d in' "~roup' I,'d hJ-' ,'"Iun'ee, b ciht..

'0" irom Co n..,-" ",d S"eia lW"rk"" Th,,~, ",,'''- '. "'n'hrough a p"X'<'" ,, 'hieh ,-"w u r·.~,'d ,h,' id .-n"'i, . ' ion oi ,oc~,l

i"rn" .nd , truc!u"" " -h,,h h.ll"­.~"'trihu,,'<1 t" i,,-Iinl'\' "f I",,,,.-r­I,,,,,,,,,,

td,-nliti" .li"n "i ind i\' i,J" ala" ,l ""lI,'eli "e ,,-,ou«·e. w.,.-nw",.,~.-d, . 1"nK wi,' ,dl,><:­Ii"n " n ho", Ih"", .." n t>t-" I...."mpto~cd in ""'f\«'"rin~ S<,,,thAfrican ".o."y.

In a e"-"Ii",, "~I'..'",on .''''T­..i,,' ",It " "'y , h""'Kh II><- " ,,>rk·,h"p, 'he "'"m,'n ~a,',' .' ,'n' '0Ih.,,, a,,~,'r, d."pair .,,,d "'",,,­, i" n H"w,'\'Cr, th .' « ' W .l< •

"'''''Kn iti"n Ih., the birth "i an,'w ."ci"'v, like Ihe hirth ,,1 •child, i. in.,, '''ably. p" inful pro·n'," .nd Ih" , uPI'"rt " ,hi ..h is~i,',-" a"d Teeei,',,,l hy w"m.'nc. n , u" . in "nd Sl ,,' n~'h e n "IItho' i, I"><i""" in ,I><' pron'" " f..h. n~,',

Melody [ mmeltR"llio".1 C....,r<!i ". to'

A night in Duncan Village

Life brighter in Rio slums

By Steve Anderson

WE MET Sind i,,, i"r thetir" lim,' "n F,ida y "" eninl'\,AUI'\U.I)1 tI,- n.>J n<>l 1'1. "",'<1t" ho.' 1'." of t l><' Id.",! K" i""ni.,' n"'"n l," , bu , h.d ",m,· 1" theeompe' T,,"'n Ball in Dun... nlIill.K''- Ll,1 I~,nd,,,,, " ft,,, h,·at­inK . b"u t Ih,' pn'Kr.mme

D URING our hrid vi.i t ,,,Bra,il And P.' ru ...e "'.-re pa"i.., .l. rly in,.'r"".-d ill , h,- hous in ~

. i' u."ion m ,h,- ' wo eountri."Rio dt' Ja",' i'" i, • m,>d.-rn .

yihra n' n"~"" I",li, ,,{ ]I) ",i lli,,"1""1'10 ... ith i,. .h.", oi dl'l api.d.,.-d bUild in)l;' ."d "" "" ruin,d" w"'o ,,,n , h" , i' ,,'., no ' , h.',I ~m [ . n, ici l'. t ..d . nd no t " ,d"I"",,'inK.' n", '" nships.

S1 un", or f-"~-', 'k"'.t,'<I in.nd .round th .. wNh~i<', ,ul>­~rbs ,,j ~ i", Ih,' I.<);,,,t, ~"..inh".beinK "nly .b""t 100 m,'lre,.W.Y ir"m th,' Sh,'r. t"n Ilote land ,m,'"f ~i,,', upm.rk"

I .... s ple.s.n, ly surpriso'd,,·ith ,I", stan,lard ot h"u.inl' in,h,> f••'d••, \1,,,t a,.., buill "j redhrid, .nd ,in ,h.nties . re lh,'e"<'I"i"n, !\.l.n, "i Ihe h"ust'Sh."e <I,,,I I.n,l ,',',-n ",m,' "1,,­m"ni"m ) ..-i"d"", .nd d""r

'h"'''Kh Ihe W.I""'in,'n ",re he w.s, buni nK ...", nd

Ihe hal l, d ,'sp" ra,,·ly try inl'\ '0hnd ..m",' n,' h.' """ld h",t 'or,h,- "i~h' . A liUle wh,le I.I.-r h.-...., u.herin,'; m,' if<>. M. ri,,",. ",1 rrw int<) hi, Ixm ' and in'",·dU (in~ ", to hi, , 0 d" u,';h ',-".nd hi. wiie,C,'Cih.

Sind;',, ', ho m" "'•• ""e of

An Idasa staffer ,n Johan·nesburg. Mar ianne Holscher.recently had lh" opportu~ity toattend the annual coorereoceot ee American PoliticalScience Associalion in SanFra nc isco . On he' way lt1ere_she spe~t se;oeral days inSouth America . Here a re some01 her impress<ons:

ir. m.... JudKm,'; by.U the Ide,'i­,,' n ant,,,,,,,,, ."d ill"!;"llin k-u!,,,, ,, """., Ii,';h' ., m."v i"'el_house. Me eleetril ied , Theb i)l;)I;'''' t'v"ryd.y prohl,'m, i...­in)l; ia",,1.> d...dle",.re "'... ,-r.I'".nd ,,-ius<- "'m"",1 an ,l mUll,hd,,,

Wh.,t ,'ru,k m,' m' ''1 "'." ,hI'. p p" ,,· nt " , ist ,' nce " i. truh'

'"I'hl " n • pi,,,,, "i land Ihe ,izcoi ' he . m" II,..t plol I haw ",'n in, I><' ",hit,- ,uhurbs_

There ...a. only " ne ", ,,m,.bo."" ) ,;m hy .1m, on., d,~>r ."dn" ...ind"..." It<- rt'1cm.'<I I" i'.'hi, ",h.d " . nd ,h.,' h., il.... " • st rud un' m"d,' oi ,~.,t

...i'h c"rdhoard "" ' he i".id., i"r,-'tr. in, ul. li" n . nd t<, h~'p "",

in"·l'\r~ I.'d B,.,ili.n n"ti,," • a, ucc"ssiu l mi, "i P"rtugu.,,,,col"ni"" bl.ck .1."", and n.I,,'e;;' ,,,,h Am,''';..an._

N""h or ,h., b."d.-" d ,' m'...·r. ev ,,-., p",dd"d, scruti"ised,I",nd,'n'<l "nd .""1>,,,'<1 f" r t"urd.y, by m,,,,, than ) (XX) l",li,,,,.1sci.'n'i." ill So", Francisco_

C. rit.h,t. KI"ot,'<I ."d ,,>ci.I­i. 1s "',"e <'On,pku"u. by Iheir.,h,,'n,,<,- Wh,'n' ,h.,v did . ho ...up ,,, m. ke a 1. , 1 d i'ch ".nd,,hev to uKhl • lo . in l'\ h.lllea~.in.t '''''''''''I><-Iminl'\ ,>dd.,

S"'I'ri,in~ t<, n", " .•, ,h,> I.,·k"i iMt u" t inf" , m. l i" n ah"n'" ,',-nt ,h-wl"rn,,'nl< in Ea."'rnEu rop". Ih ,' r. p id pac,> a"din t,'" ,i!Y "i ""enl< th",,· h.de.,,~ht ,~.,,,, "'p<"ft. hy ' '''I'ri,,·

11 ...a. d ,'", Ih. , d"m".....lCy,till " 'mai,,, .n .'''igm." h", ,h."d,-b nih' tn'lId s '",,'. rd, gl " b.,1d,·m,~'r,,'i...tion .-, ,,,_

tn., r,li n. There w.,. m.tt"", "", I><' n,~>r " I"m ,,·hi..h w,' <a, "ndch.,' tcd, c.reiul n,~ 10 d isturh hi,' h",-y.,.,....,ld d.UKhh" .I,,'ping. t Ihe"",,,end,

Wh,le \1 . ri"" eh."ed toC('('ili., ", ho hod .l.'h'd ,,, ho.,;1~kd ,le on a pa raffin a~,kcr . nd ,,,cu' h..'od j"r " '" , up!"'r, Sindi",,,,,, . me '0 n",." • h'w oi hi ,f'; " nd_, Mhmkul" , ll" nK<'ne andlun~,'I.> _

·You kno w, S I.','e, · ,,,idMzi m'"lu ",i ,h. , mil,,- "yo"k"" ", we.re ~"inK ,.. writ,> 'Ihi,in l" 0'" hi, l"ry b....ks bec. " ,evo" .rc ' he ii r" wh ile man '0;"·.Ik , 0M'Kh Ihb d,~".."

Morion . nd I ,1"1'1 Iiltl., ,h.,"i~ht The ,lice oi h""d ."d cup"i "'. we'd h,ld i", ,upP'-r w••Ie" , h." we ....'re u,,-d I" ,Oldwt' ...,'re hu "g'y. Th., c. rd"""",]­''ow,,'<1 ~..",nd was h.rd and ­in "ark amlr." '0 , h" .ttil"d,- "i"ur h,><t, _ r."I><'r unf'i.",dly; tl><',m.-ll "f par.ffin ",.d,' U> li)l;h' .h,'ad.'<I.nd n.lU""U'

So.,mdime I. t" tha' n iKh', wi, h,h.- ,,,u,,d "i 'he "eiKhhour' ,r.di" pl.yin~, m}' eye. d".ed,,,,d I , Iept ,

Th.n ' yo u K"i n""i •. Id .".."d Sindi,o f" r a lif,'·'ran , ·iormi,,~ ",!",rit'nce _

S!fl'. And."",n ;• • 'e.cher . nd"' • • one of H whit• • who 'onk1"" in I~. weeke"d e"ro"n'er,

Page 17: SA needs a 'culture of learning' - University of KwaZulu-Nataldisa.ukzn.ac.za/sites/default/files/pdf_files/desep90.pdf · EDITORIAL Signs of hope amid the gloom DEMOCRACY IN ACTION

I' "",I'd t" "" Ow, III" U" , ""I!U~,," r cmt,"1 pwU"",. IV" j"d .wl'"c"m, ,,, ,,,"" u'ith ),!rico, ""dJ" ,,,X," u", m)/ ~"'''X It> I>< <lI'.¥, I""a", h,'"' d" """ """I< I" ter""u'i th ''' '''''I" ''',~ y"u d",'" "aUyuml,''' I""d? - lI.i. " Mola" '" MvTrai\<,,'s Ht'art.

J UST AS South Africa i,n,~ "n e,,,y pl.ce for Ri.ln M,,",nto co me 1<' le r ms with, M yTra,t", ', 11,"'1 w., nol an e.,yb<~,k f" r Ih~ E.,I u m d on ,,'.d ­in~ ~ro"p, Th~ I"-"pk' who mt~

t" d ""'u" it .11 ....kn"w lt'J ~,'\! •sen,~ o f r~c,,~ n i lion - of Ih"m' ''''l'I.inly, ~uill . nd k'ar M. J"n." pres ,,'s . H~ is mt'rt'i y mor~

",,,,,,,,,h. n m,,,I

REGIONAL FOCUS

Treacherous terrainT h.' lait's of m urd ." skull gt'ls f' . t1ur.-J . Yt>\l

. nd viol t' nc~ re«,unled St'~ 100 m u c h , . n d ithy M. lan M,>, 10 "'y th~ m."''' you ,ick,"1,,,,1. d i"urhing . nw lan· The d i" u"io~ c~n ·

gUd ~e he u ,~, rd lect s Ired ""ry much d ro u ndIh i" "Soul h Atr;"'a ...a l1s p,'rso n.l r~spunses t "for s tn mg .nd ,ickening th~ hook, Thi, n,,<,<,,,,,'·wOTd" It ha , a way 0/ ily led t" lalk a h" o l Ihema king y"or h,.i n ...~~ h,· co rn'nt lewl, o f ,'i"I''1Ke~nd p m r h lood bo il, in the w u ntry .SO m<"howSo u th Africa n , .1.,,'.' lo p Ih.' Io n.' w as n,,' "NYa ntib<>di,.. '" Ih,' p'>i...m, h"pet u l. The Sou l htho y g'ow n umh d n d Rian Mala~ Africa of ~>d ay dt"'" nO!bh~d, hu t i f v n u It'a",' I"" k m uch ditte,entIt>ng t' n"u~h-t " d<,!" ,it y .nd Ifrom Ihe South Atrk. o f Ihwme ro,k w It h cI.'a r ey '''. your no"el,

Th., " ,lu tion Ma lan oU.·" ",a ,Mt ,,'cdved ", ith m uc h co n fi·d,'''''' b y the j\n >u p, In Ihe ",onl>I~ Crei". Akock, a char.",," Iht,no ,'el ", h " t od~ v s t ill liv e , i nM, ing.' "You ,. id 0"" « 'uld [..,dd",mt'\! b,' ,hi, c"u n ITV• • ndYL~ il .....,m'to me o~e ca~ only[.., d~h"med hy the Ihin gs on,'d,.... to "n,.".,lf . It 's M t the ou l­SId e thing' Ihat def",m you, irsIhe , h o ....es you m.h. Tn lh 'ean y whe,e in th e w o rld. youm",t kno ", ho ", '0 live in At ,i ..aT h e on ly th i n~ y n u c . n d n isIt"'o, because il i, II>< on ly t hingthaI le. ve' ligh t in sid ,' y o u ,in,t.'ad " I tn" "".1, ohlit'>Jahnj\d.,kn,..s."

B., Robert>

during a n ~"'rd,,, ab<lul p'lWt"a nd weah h w hich brnu ghl o u t(",,",t' .u 'p' is i n~ly) c UH h roa l,c"m p" li tiv~ And rot hlo "beha viou' i n v iTlu . llv . n thep.'hcil"nts. At n~e ,tage te m­p"" 'Ag''<! high~, A small group_ in the po 'i1ion of t he ·elite"through ,h~, chanc~

allompled to relAin control al th~

e'F">Jlse of the ",,1.All k""",k>dl\~ and ""'m"'Y 0"

~ 'e, ... i>e. I ha l had l o st e ,odd~mo,:r.'ic c,m,ult. tion And a>­ope",tion in .,,,Ii,·r , tag... of tl><w....ke~ d "'...-e fOTl\0lt~n a. Ih~

.tudents vied fn, pow", a nd ,h"0 pp'>rIunily of poch'1ing . ,lureof Iho ooi,,-, used in the "!\O me" ,

In the d,Lbriefing ....,iun, th~

implk.tion , 0 1 IheiT action ,,Iarled to come home II>them,"We w","" so bu'y tJyin~ tu . ta yin t he e li te d nd 1'.1 Ihe mon~y

that 'w for~ol .b<,ul &>eh ol h.,,·sn"",I> and ",ant>; n"" bny ",id

! ~

Pupils discuss the nuts and bolts 01democracy while the cameras roll.

'u. v.t.utiu.M. di, Co-ordin, 'm

Vid eo d i,ecto,Dt"",,>d Jud~e w.sd d ij\hted wilh thef'''''ag". H i, g re~t.

~Sl ba tt ],' duringIh., "'~e h'n d "' . '10 , top hi , ...a me' acrt>'N I",m 1J , i n~ allIhe v id eo ta p~ i none go - '0 la kenw."" Ihey ",ilh Ihe,espun>~. uf Ihe" uden ls

h is ho p t'<! ,h.tF W de Kk..-k,. :\d­«m M. ndel.J, " ,mel ead i~ g ind u'trial·is t , .nd unioni ,t,",ill be "",t on lhefilminl\ " heduk>Whoev~, i l i "

the pupils ' WIll [.., alo..~h a ('\ 10 follow'

•action••Lights, camera.THE FIRST ",h""t" ofIda..,' s v ide<,.i n-Ihe -ma king o nd em(>cT. cy g(" u nd'>J ...ay lm II><banks of the B"",de Riwr n~ar

S",~lIffidam on a "'....k""d ~arly

in Seplt'ffiber.Top hillin~ "'en t h' 20 p u pil>

from Engh, h , Ahi kaan""colo ured " a n d bl.ck .cho o l>.round Cap< To..... n who "''''"'' t"e'plo,e • ,.nge o f v~ l ues dndallitudes t h roug h si m u la t io n~'erO"''' f.cihl.ted by two edu ­...al i" n 'p''Oali<l s .

A, Ihe cam~'a . n d sou ndcrew h.' .med the i, li~h l> . ndfo cused t h ei , lense, u n t himp,,,mpt u ". ct m ," , the chll ­dTt'JI rontinut'J Ih<'i, d i"",,,i,,n,u~pertmh<.oJ, bli" fu lly u na"'. ",of Ihe .ct,,'ity .n>Un<! Ihem,

The e ' t>TCi".. v.ried from h,­lening to t,"'t-build in~ . nd Ih~

bt>""fit> o f co" 'p<ra h" n . Th<' d i·m., c.m~ u~ Su n,l a y morni n~

Casas and white pupils meet in PEP UPILS !I'o m Ale,ande,Ro.d Il i ~ h S... h ool And theCnn~,~ss of Soulh AfricanSl ud.'nl s (Cos.s) m~t in 1'0 , 1EIi,"h<~ h in September 10 d~bale

th.' implic.lions of " pen ><ho"l.The th"..,-m.'m h." leAm, co m­pri ,~d h" l h Cosa, An d A le , ­a~d ~, Road p u p;]' and thed~ba t~ " 'a , a " ende d by .boulsl_I .'t1th u<i.<hc pupils , A p rt.>l<'<lal AI.'.a nd t" Ro.d , B,en t1l" nt'l("n, ch . ired the mt'<.1in~,

Th,' i"ue, included Ih~ "an·d. rd o f t'>Juc. li,m. l.ngua~e andcu l,u"" diSCIpline. " "'''CTO''idt'Jc",,,n,om, .nd t,.n'F"'rt.

Th", e " p F"'sed 10 Ih<' "F"'11 ingo f sc h,.,ls a rgued Ihal ,ht' , Un·

dard o f ed u cation in Ih~ whi'ecu mmu nily ,,'ould drop ",,,au ,,,bla-ck pupil annul aUo rd 10 payth ,.m~ h " ol f.'~••, Ih, ' i,whM rou nlerpa n" ' ,",ulhng inp''''' q""lily facili'k.. . nd ... ft.

Edu,.lion s ho u ld be int e ·~r.tt'>J I)nly 0"'-" the s l.J nd .ud ofedu c. tion of bl.cks .nd wh ite,"'~' "'l""L they .lJ;ued

T'>Jlsion w.s Also likely w henhlack pupi l,. with Ih~iT e~peri­

~nce uf Stud~nt Rep,,,,,,nl.h v~

Cooncils (SRO. t'Ylcountt'rt'd th~

mOT~ hi......., h i,al prt1.'<.1 .y.I,'mp,e" ,lent in m. ny whill' ,,'h<~,I.

Tho", a rjI;Uin~ al("i n'l inl''l\ra-li,m add,oJ ,hat ov...."").....dj n~ inhla ck ",ho"I; Ct'uld n t" "" h,'Alle,'ial~d b y whi h' , ...h"ols

o p"n i ng th d ' doo rs 10 bl~d

p u p il ,. Unl~" w h i le sc h oo l>w."e e nl a 'lIt'd Ihey w o u ld heun.>b lo '0 ",-commod , te pro,pt'<­li v~ b l. ...k pupil, . How",-er, Ih~

ti~.nd~1 co n> t ,~ i n l> u n thDt-part me n t of Edu cahu n andCuilure made Ihi, unlikely

The h""ing of pupils ';:' whit~schoul> ",as Iik~l y t o hecom.' a,,,ahly a~d Inn.porl co,1< fo,bla,'k f' mih". could ",ell he p,o·hihiti,,~.

The " 'Am a'gu in~ in f. ,'om o f0F"'t1 ",h",)ls called fOTono t'>Ju­"ti"n d q ,a nment

Inlewali"n w"ul d no l mean. n end 10diff."e""''' in lang UAg,·.nd cu ltu re, The d iif.',,'nl ...ul ­turA l b.ck~round, co u ld CAUse

, e ,iou , ,~t ha cks . l 'rtl~ ,.mm ,·s

~nmurag i~g An aa:~pta nce andU n d~fSta nd in g o f ditre,,,,,t cul ­lur~, co u ld hd p 10 o vo rco meIhi"

Th e flo", c h . lI e n ~ ed Ih " , ew ho .rgued fo, i~tegr. t ion lurom~ u p wi, h c\" . T mo.surt" t"cop<' "' i, h t h~ ...ons<'lu~",,,,s of,t.y....~y,. h<.'y«ltI> and ">ok nco'p,e.din l\ to the whit~ CommU'n ity . Th~ n"p'm", w .s Ih. ' Ihe""'AAle wa, diS<"ipliru'<!

Violence i. fK" on ' b<' politic.1. l\t'11da. but It d,,,,, e"'pt'l'onu,n~"u<l y And in .mbiguo u , cir­cum.tan<:<'>

M• • M.m.~

R<gion, 1Di_o,

"

Page 18: SA needs a 'culture of learning' - University of KwaZulu-Nataldisa.ukzn.ac.za/sites/default/files/pdf_files/desep90.pdf · EDITORIAL Signs of hope amid the gloom DEMOCRACY IN ACTION

REGIONAL FOCUS

'Hold together ' tours upgradedT HE Dun..n "'t.,,, .>t I......._ ..ntly im p" .....d II>" 'l""ht~

.n.! ••-.;101>0"'.. <Of ,I_ ' <>Wn, hip

..'." rnw.m...... in uNo.. " -

....... ..... ".".my;~. <of n roo-n.... in , h., '''I/; ,,'n Th"B.mb.lnui ' " ..... h ,p 10' ... i.now run by Shc'11n G ....".~ '"Th....1 lOY.. '1"..... ... oft . tuU.. ;...~t.o...

• ..."'N....ni· . ..hoch un."tooId ~hrr". ""~ .......thIng 01 tlw "f"Inl . "". l tv rn>-g.."' a .m> ,<> I ", In ,""<'i'Y. It ' ..1>1.. .0 _ ..hh<>ugh it i • •p«ific.lly d...'''It''''d k'or J"''''" t>«...... ~

c.IIn fftod i ""11'''''11: in'houw......., , "'" pr0-W."' Tho> bIN '""............ .. , pIA<w pn"""

01.11 ..c n d "", ;. 1 t>.d·y;round, ru~inK . "'...kI.....on . ....d.. bo ..

Tho> tour rn'!t" <' 1' .,,",l ...,hl. ,.. _ ~l ,"r<"pl<- by hling ",," ndInJ.." ~t and pn-....."... If '" t..., ndII>.. tio- .."V;,,,,, ! " , 1Mrt"l*' th<y .iN1 h ~ _T1Ioo..~ ..-_t_ "'" '"...11 ur ..,...~;nll: to ~

~~.nd rn>J_·~.~

It i•• t.oct of "' 1.. ....'lui p<'Of'Ir-. "" , - nd~dueli'-.. uJ"'cil'... ,u..,,'""f""''' __ I ......to<01 food• ....." !<l nd ..........lion .", .. lidi<'d Th< ' n ·~hi p" ~nd inlo,,,,~1 ,,".Ico nt•

~,~ d.p,~»i nl': l v d . ti ci . n , in,...... ....F'""""-Th~ .ou '~ . o ......~n '~,.... o n

. h. '0'" <unt~in ~ ,,·.aUh o j' ........i.............. "'Iwd ink..........non ~nd I"" lou• • 1>0 0/ ,....' h~nu 'usp<'a ~ 'u povpl. in. ........ <o ",un"~, T...,.". i~ ~

""P in I nd~ ~t t Il.o b.o~ i

......k O<l.lormnIt t 0/"'" l.onn on«' _ 'TWd~ G>ndhi,Oth~r ~' ops un 10< m.d . o n

~ ..... -"'"' ...""""­-..... 0/ "J'lLI sIoopo or IT.....po.... ,,,.........

Furth• • d ..,.il. ~nd l o u .torochu ..... 'f(' ....ibM. lromIdu~ 01 lO311 3lJ~· ~ ~9 3 o .d ,..-;tly h'Om Shc'IJc,' Gi<'lin~ a'(OOH 2J.Z771.

No relief for people of KwaMakuta

NP 'smelling of roses'

V IOLENCE hA. d .." .~·t.tt'd (h~ liv• • 01 'h"u~.nd ~ "Ip~opl< in Nd"l, bu. t.,·w "" mm u·nili... MW <>P',, ;,·n,-...I • • ,,,m·pi",.. 0 to"'d k,J" " 'n "I IdW on,J,><d.... o~ ' '''' ",......""i'y Iivi"ll i"K "'dM.~u ' h• • a t"", " .hlp juo tinl.>nd I",,,, A....."'imh>ll on t""s.,." h C",,,,T h i~ 'o...n, hi p i . p ' " 01

K.....zu lu .nd .. _ I. I.U. unokt­' '''' jun..JKlion 0/ ."" Kw. Z u lu

T HE only o.~n,..ho",nSouth Alnc.o - _ ..,. of 1UOft·

~ , ,h. mo....-, " . I'on y " j~"'"~,.~"" '

n .. ...as n...._""~toY Id_ .1,_ of pol"", ~ndpU"""'ll: Dr \ 'an Zyl~ ito~ Nrd~..td ........ , .... .....t0/ ,.... F-...... Fn-od<_ Foruma."""""'" on 1Wf\'- on .......n·.....t>u'll illA~,

H r cri' i.i ..-d 'hr 1~l lu r. o j_ nl....on. ...p r ......-.t to .pan .h<td 10 . 0'01'<'.-.1. In <TN"n", ~um,ed Iron t In ,'''' . " n ' ....' of on·lIoinV; vool<nc-<. 'h.. <TN' ed ,""im p .....;.:... .hot ,hi- onl~ o.~ni­

",lion woo-k,nV; rll<..-ti....ly ro. ~""" -rdti.1 ,J"m"<f~" ~ in St'u'hAfTit. " a. , ..... N.'~"",II'~n~ .

Th.. 'onl<·..·"'... it .d r ""ul,J b.:" \I;,i,,,'<1 on thi. ba.i. i" ,"'" i1~ndo'd .. itho ut d"''''''" ",n' o n ap'''''''''' fl" 1....' lUlu"', Who' ..a."""""'dlli"", ' ho...",h. ..as ,'''" •nu m \>o.· , 01 .1"1,''''''''' c. llt'd on. "" Fin F" ..'<1<1" " Forum. or dnyol~.. o.v;.ni...., ~I" h••"",.nl'"

p"li« I"<e" . Du"n~ th.. p••,vo-ar.lhe <>cti" n. 0/ «"I1.i" .....",·i->.... 01 . hi . p"liu l"fC" w.red o"",,;t...'d ••• • ..·ill" <II ...... " • •In Ap.il. Jo,,'ph K~ha n y~ n •. ~

K"'d\1d~u'M " ",;d....,.nd ...."".t-..-. 01 th. SAP ~inc. 19'i1l. w..""" 0/ ... dppbcdn " wh<l .....llkt• Su p ••"'. C o ...' In , • •d i<l""'<dining II... K",.Zu lu poll<.from unlowful 11.0, ..

In his word", ,t- po.>l..........·N,·. Ih""'lth I....".-.....Juet In

I.. nh on l.."n w",~ ·

>hops/ ,...." on of It..cntiGIIl~ ra_~ includcd """"'-'l «1_

""'" ~ Iu' .. ... __i< .........."rbo.......oon. 1o<~1 tl"'...,.;,...........nd "'" ci<-d ........... _ or "puNiot..Jmi~ in I"" ....... SoIr,hAma· . .. it ..·.. <~11od

T hr co n l " . n« be-~n ",,"l.~rynotr ~ d d ,........ r.o ... \I,nYro Mb<ki of "'" A'iC and DrO<ar. Dhlomo ollt..I""""'''' I...r• Mu h i-I'.nv o.-"",,","~c"v T1w., 00 01 ,_ 0,..,.. 1"11 oIdJ........." 'n lor tl>< two ............ '0 .rcllnu' tht> ""!tuliah"" ,,,,,ion. bu'booh ' r ... k .. I~ilt'd ,,, .o-d,J ......anv .~o l i ss u ~ •• prrhdp. 10 .Und"""dndd~'" "".

An • • ""I1....t pa 1 djltC1J"~I"

0" "ell"tiatio". lollow,'<1. wi t h. p ,'. ko<. in du ,J;nv; D . I'~II"

JOJd a n of ,h.: ANCo D"'m' ''-' d,kI'd riV I..dd• • Dr 7.Kh d e 110..... , \1 ,h",;p P. h. d "r Ih.. s..' ut h AI,i·,,~ " Com...... ni,' ra,.,v . L. I>o.I'"Pu'v m~m t-..-r M. Mil,' y Ric h·~Td'- . nd \1 , F.on~ M,Jl.l l,_ ,"

''''''~Inll . nd sho"tinll ....KI,·n".. 'a nd"", ~ ",J t<l' no .ppa•• n'"·~.,,n••hnwn tho""",-'I".. '0 t-..­hil\ hly ,,'C~lo... dnd a " ..I da"II'"to , .... li, '. lihoOO dod ..olt.t..: i"1I,,1 1' lCa l Tt"Sid•..,t~·,

An in t...dict ..a s IIrd n'.'<1 byJu. h"" B."""", on Apnl 12. ~ndil "'.~ ~u hso<tju ..ntly b"",,J.nt'dI>y M. J""'"'" Elr'ist<1W in ' uJ>( '0inelud.. ~n i"wnm ink-rdocl pn>-,«tlng " only ,'''' oi. ""11.....1~ppli<o n bu' · 011 1'<'''''''''' i"

IhI- In.... ' ... Flndo", p~rIY,

fh.. p.on<'l w". ' '''lUIk<! 'U~rtS ", 'f"""b<>r>"'.lor ....... plor."'ho., 1.1 f"'rbCrf'att' DO IO<'Jl'>'..........'...1 ....... ohoould t..." ..!to""<'<1 ~nd w~o !to ,'r,n.d.......,.~'

no...- w~s no .....1d.....t;rft'"_ on ,.... h nt two 'f"""........."'" ,he- lonn of j"""'m tl""ft"""..."n' u •..-d r in 'e.r. hnltdcN,.. ~nd .I""" fmm II...poo.... n W<'IIn 'he- fIooto.-~,.... ,,,,,,,- ....1 'hc- d, Ui·

cui, ...~k of <""'-" in v; to poo.h <i_poo'e in ' wo "'" oIl K ,J ill '<o", ... i.. io n .. ..nll,nll f ro .......ho~~ edU<"~ 'i<", ' 0 "",n .o ,ho­' ••n.ro,,,,.',nn 01 o ur "uhu••1i"o.t;tul~_ ,

f he oomm i" io" On vi"le""".1.. .1 ' 0 hea'. d deb~l e h e' w,' .' n""'m ~,'" 0 1 the A )<;C . ndl n ~ a' h . Tho' " o ",m i" io n "n,'<1"".hon. "n tl>< otho.'T hdnd .1t'd~l"""" hI a kt'ii"K of d.'>pai' a',"" .....~nllude or ,"" proI>l,,,,,,

D.. idS<rHn:0;.';"""10;.....-

" w . M.ku ' ha · . I."", unl. w lulhu" , ,,,,·n ' . '" a..ault b ~' 'heK.... lul u P' .Ii'" Uhi . i• • apP<"­..",Iy . " n ly the ",'Co n d ti ",e i nSl .,"kAl Fiedn histo.v 'h.t .",'h a·d~ .." i n,,·.,J i... , - h.. b....nlI,a nl. '<1 ',

In .pil( 1 ,h ~ in ' ,' . d i" ...I,J...•• C o u ni C... nlli" ,Mo ni"",nll s..,,'ice ~nd hu .....nnv;hlS . .........,... ",..no:Lo,t'd by

~ .,..oOdY " ...~ 01 -'" lromKwaM~ku' ''' ~I""',nll yio le nccallain.' . h ..m by vi",ilu ' ..It.....p.. ..h"h ,'''''' ..y incfud<.......born of I .... Kwa7....Iu~,

In .....n~ ,...une... , ,,,",,", polin>offoc'tt> ..., .... t-n idcnlin«l t>yN_A~ .Ico.....nl 01 , .... p roM.....

pr<>lole<n 'PP""'" to boo ...., ,I><_ ...... h.lII 1ft "'" ""'-...!'lip.... hv<uorW ,he- """'" of Inl..aoJl<l....ullft" _ eioI<ftc-< . n 1M ««>m1JloOdo" "Il ~ >«I 0/" ... I,,<.aI~w..zulu ~Ioru,

fh. 1I".un<.. 01 ' h.....r. I ~ II"'" "'n be- I.....»s ~

d y",mic whcf..t,~ IndIviduals.r<-Ny i...-lud,nll poll«'-rrwn. ~... ~lI'nK In ~ ,.............AII"'n" , he ....., 01,1>< com"'o­

"~Th••o m p l,·,ili... ",~~ n , h~,

int<-rdl<l• • k...... ~'" no! goinll ,,,bnflV; re~« '0 Ih.. "'", ,,,o n lly11,,: J"~;,,,~I ....' 0'" 0/ 'ho> p,,*,­k"" c. lIo to• • """" " ''''f'''''l><'n', ;.... P'.~,... ....'co rd . im;ld' to 1h,...•m'~I~ia h'<1 i" .~h," pari. 01 ' ho'p.. WI"'.... WI'h,>U I'hi' . l h.: """,i­to , •• ,h,· ptllit'.. a n,1 Ihe c oo Tl.MVI' ... ' pn.. pt'C1 01 ooc""" andthc trd~ic ' f" 'd l l~ ,·"'1.."'.... dnd....>u"h,,·v;ol,'nc. h~s ..., .." ,J i"

" liN

Page 19: SA needs a 'culture of learning' - University of KwaZulu-Nataldisa.ukzn.ac.za/sites/default/files/pdf_files/desep90.pdf · EDITORIAL Signs of hope amid the gloom DEMOCRACY IN ACTION

BOOKS

Reversing Africa's declineBy Anthonl van Niewk8..x

S UB_SAH ARAN AfRICA, FRO M CR ISI STO SUSTAINABLE GROWTH _ A LO NG·TERM PERSPECTIVE STUDY, th . Worldllank. W••h ington DC, 19S'J, I:MlO pag" )'

R EVI EWING ' h i••tudy by lhWorld B.onk;'; 1e<•• "",Uor of criticism thanof .mph••isin~ Ihe importanl role of Alricain a future Soulh At Tica. It we or" to ta ke>eriously the fact that we ..... part of this con­li".."t. lh<n wo .houkl ,tart by taking "<)Ii",of whal i , happm;,,<\ up north.

Th is fOCl.L' beenm.. even mo.... importantwhen we consider pronouncement, by pol iti.cal lead... like Maodela and 0. Kle rk thai$<ruth Africa will in lutu.... play. k"}' role inthe deve lopnwnt Ollhe South,>Tn Af,ican"'S;""

Ther. i, .not ....., .....son lor laking not . ufAfrica The world is iner•• ,ingly movingaway Ift,rn ....iI. bst ,WooI ,...Iotio..... Mo lh ·polarity '''''m' to be replacing id""logicalconfrontation. and e<onomic ....."ucturingha. become the k<'JI variable.

The w"r1d will '''''n be d"minat..d byr..gional t,adi ng bloc" wilh the Uni tedSta te" Ib .. [ufO!"'.n CommuOlty .nd tberaciHc Rim t. king the lead . M. ny ,ug.ge,"'th.t South AIrica', fu'ur. ,trength li.., ind ....l"ping c1o;er h"" with Africa, and Inparlicula, w ith Soulhern Africa ,

II th""" sU!;gestio,.. are to become rea lity,.nd indic.hom;. re Ihat th<'JI wilt lhe n SouthAfric. m; had _ .. I.. rn more . bout Africa,

If this lo.rning i, to be worth .nyth",,,,, we,hould try to avoid the ideologio. l le n""through w hich most of u, have viewed theland beyond the Umpopo

The World Bank', .tudy, which i, a com·prehen,ive review 01 po,t-.colonial AIrica',political and e""nomic development (or lackof Hl, i, an iMal introd uction , Publi,hed in"owmbc' 1989. i' i, de,ti ned to "'Cl'Ci",.profound in fluence on poli<:y di'e<tion. a ,AIric...nters the new decade

P,..viou, World Ban k ,epo,t, baveachieved lillie more than , tirring up w ntro­,w'y, Different non-governmental organi""­hon•• Iik.. Ih .. Uni ted ~.tion. l Econom icCommi"ion for Af,ic. (FCA) and ..riou.othe.., h'lu..ntly disa grffd with each othe,ov.. r the mo,1 ap propriat .. developmentstrategi"" for AIrica ,

I N G E N E R Al, the Wo, ld 8<mk' ..tructura l ad ju,lment p rogramme' weresewrely critiei",d for their negalive .oci.1cO">C'Juenccs. The b.nk', cl.im ,h.1 coun·tri "" und..rgoing ,truclur.1 .dju.tment weredoing beU.. than Ihose which Were m~, werehotly rontt'>ted

Some of I"",,e critici.ms .re ju'tified . But iti, .1", Irue ' h.t, " !lfric. entel'S the 1990s,the probl..m• • re so " .uering that n"""necan afford to ignore wh,t i, bei ng sa id byAIrica ', largest multilateral lending agency.

The report conclud"" i n it> final cha pt..rth,t Ihe o utlook lor A/ric. i, "potentiallyMv''''';ng'', look i ng at the ;mpr~"iwly

laid ou t t.bles, g'.ph••nd other d.... in the

report, one can oot but .gree.Wh1tt. then, i, to bedo",,?Th.. report ,Ire'",' tha t di,,,te, c.n be

.verted only Ihrou~h quid oclion, But the",ore 00 quick fixe., no bl uepri"ts, In fO<'t,. lthough broad .greement ex'>I' on the gr.v,ity of thc probl"",., t he' r complexity ma k""effectiv.. m llabor.tion , mong the many p. rt.nCT> in Africa', d..v..lopment ..",,,,,,,,Iy di ffi ­cult.Th~ r~po't .rgue. that Sub-S.h.,.n

economies need 10 grow by at tN S! four tolive p<'=nt an nuaUy '0 ochieve I,,, .,j S<'CU.

rHy. prov ide job•• nd r..g"ter. mod .. timprovem..-nlm livinll ,t.ndaoJ"

Allricu ltu re will be th.. m,in lound,tion10' growth. S'ructural ",",Iorm.hon willlWCt'SSital<' ,he ,,"ilding 01 African ""po,ili<'>to produCt'. better t<oined, healthi", popula'lion .nd to ,trt'ng then Ihe in'tilution. 1fr.mework wi thin which Mvelopme"l c.nt. k.. place,

Thu., the report , trongly ,upport. the callmade by , h.. ECA .nd UNICEF for . human·cen tred devek'pm""l ",.tegy.

By ..... Iructutinll e<un"mi..,., PUthnll pet>­pl~ fil'St aod foslerinll ",If-reli,nce, Africa 'sdecline could be reversed . The .It..mative LStoo .wlul '0 conlemplate - . pronoun",m,,'Otwhich holds true for South Afrt..., well

fTh< "pori ;, .,,,ilobl, , "" of clril,j(', (n'm thePub/inrIK,"' Saf~ Uni" Th< World Iltmk, 18181151",,', N.W" W.,hin~t"" DC 104J3, U5A ,)

An, boni .an Ni..uwkerk i• • rese.«h of/ice,wi,h ' he 5A In'''' u... 0/ In" rnlt ;o...1AlI.i" .

'n Vars kykie na 'n sosiale teologieDeur Ian Liebenberg

' n TU ISTE V IR ALMA L. Jo h a n n Ki n g h o rn . S.n l r u m " IrKon tek.,u..l. H.rm.n.uli.k, Un ;" ....it. ;1".n Stellen bos<h, R29.

DIE boek w.1 begin m~t ' n a.nh.lin g v.n lloo/m.n Alberttuto"lt Suid,Afrika .. """te Nobelpry ..wenn"" i. opgeJ'a a.n !I.llK..,t en ge.koei bin n.. d ie p.r.meter. v.n 'n """ i••1 loologi"'e.tudie" """ Suid·i\lrika, 0 0 , k..p verw. gting.. by d i.. loser,

Die titel verwy. na oa,d"" me n.... in 'n 'p"'ifieke land; on. men""en om; land, Kinllho rn gebruik d ie woorrl tui.te, nie EI-'>Iehuis, som­mer net hui. of "tydefik.. behu;.ing" nie, lIy p roat in AfrikMm; oor ' ntui.le, En hy praat oo r ".l m.1" - nie party men"" grocr<', kleure 01kerk.. nie, maa..lmal.

'n VoorwoooJ doror B.mard Wtegan ",ken by .oorba.t d.t d iebook "v.nuit 'n w it perspcktief" ge,",ryf is. En ",katol"!!;,,,", oo k' Oitis bed",,1 vir die dag "....'. t die ba".ikad e nie me'Cf daO',.1w.... n"''' .

Eer" ..n. word gekyk na .parlheid ..n 'n vlugtige oo..ill v.n dieon.la.n en groet sowel" di.. r..lig;"".. in kled;nll da.rva n, wooJgegee

Tweeden. word g..kyk na d i.. "Ir' gies komi"",' uitvIOO",I, _ ..nw.lgli ke gwoll\<' - v." apartheid, iets w.a",an min men'" bu ite dicwil gerneemkap oog <><>rtuig moe! word, Tog bly 'n terugblik .Ilydbelan.o;erik; d it bemidd ..1'n beler ve..t• • n van on. , itu••ie

lJ<>rd en. word goky k n. d i.. konsep en .panningswlde w.nn.....di~ woord "demokr••i~" en "teologi... tel ,prak~ kom. Tro1ogie ~n

d<'JRokr..ie, ""wei as die probiemaliek "n ind ustrilee ontwikkelingen polilleke mag. word ng",ny,

T""l"!!i..-an'ropologi pe"p"kti~we, of noem dit sommer "God·Mens " p e rs p~ktiewe , wo,d beh. nde l in hul v~"ko;denh~id;gelykh..id. ""nh..id . , lhao klikheid, lIeregllllheid, vrede eo genade,

L••"en" word d•• r g...oek o . g ro nd lillg end .. gem..en.kapli ke..m~lewlng..w•• rd...

f.e" v.n die "",k p" n'e ..n die book is d;e behand~l;ng ..n diecl<onomi",e onrcg v.n .partheid, en di.. dourwerk v.o d ie ged.gted.t .parth..id nOOlt ekonomi", neu".,1 w•• me, Oit he"nner o n,da".ao d.t die "'bl.nk",,· m.. tt ..rtyd '0 ry ker k..rnll",ep ("core" )lIeword het, on d.1 Suid -Af rik. ""n .on d i~ me.. 'k""lg~trekte

ekonomi'" in di~ wt>",ld hetDie ondorh. n<ldbaarhdd van die vonn v.n die toeknm'tige ."" ~"

be"el en ekonomie word .....ndpunl lIes tel en gemo'iv""r . DieOl\Onderhandelba.rheid von die nie·ra..ige •• rd d••",an word ,>okg""el en beklem toon.

Da.ar word gesock no, ..n gca'Sumen'...r om, 'n , koppings- teologiew. t vertrek uit tiefd e, v.."""ning en gerogtigheid, ""mer a, va'gevalbly in die sond;ge aar<! v'o die "'ndeval. Korto m: ' 0 posiliewe "'kep­pingsleu logi." w.a"ooder "di~ Christ.like teologi~, '0 1000<>10011(word) wa.",.n die .-ggo" terugg.ka.t' word ..n d", mO,e'On kat­OOr.1e w.t vir d ie a lgcme nc lewe nog net •• ku"sobjckte nUllig i.".

So>l.le vormgcwing op ' n int,'rdi"ipl;....,'" wy", ..n woorde '00'di.kon i. (dien.'), vrcde, gcrcgtigheid, word gocd h."""". Took>t' satmocili k kan ve"kil met dic omvall,,,,d. inhoudgcwi ng •• n diak"ni.,g~rcgtigh<>id.n,",'f'SO('ning "" die ""iale impli k.si," daa",.o, T,,!! i.dil jammer dal door nie 10..". ;nhoud gege.;s un die ,inleS<' van 'nsosiaal-rel""ante Christ"I,,!!;e en humaniteil nie. 1i",.1 in King oom ""stolling d.t d.ar g,,,,,,,,,,,.kaplike w•• rd.. tyden. d ie oorEl-'ngspf'OSOSt...nwoordig i,. impli",,'r 'n p',ten.swle kr. g ve ld vir 'n ",.i•• I _",I~·

..n'e Chri"ol,,!!w wal noord ." .uid, Fu ro p. "" Afrik. v...,.".",Oie book, hoewelleesba.r, i, my'" in.i.... nie deurg••", t""l\"nk.

Iik vir gewone me"", n~'. Nie'..min i, d it 'n va" br;e<i. in 'n ander·sin, redelike "",iele ge...fnr ....... rd. ' eol,,!!ie in Suid ·Afrtka.

I. " U .b."b' <g i . d;. Di...k' . u. v, " " ...."'ing by Id . ...

Page 20: SA needs a 'culture of learning' - University of KwaZulu-Nataldisa.ukzn.ac.za/sites/default/files/pdf_files/desep90.pdf · EDITORIAL Signs of hope amid the gloom DEMOCRACY IN ACTION

MENINGS

Ronel S<nelf er i. di. Oirekl. ur v, nPubh k.,t.. b~ Id... ,

t....L"on W"",,' I, ,i,-n.Die'elide ~eld n. tuu rli k no k ViT A lri ­

!<A",-", 1mb van die regerin~ "'•• hul minderp"'l\""",iewv med,LAfri""""", hall k" pskud ·d ,-nd e n nnbe~r~I"'nd ben.d.'r. Die ~e""de

word d ikwel, v" rwa, mel w Tdie n,telikheid,'" ~wn Afri"""", kan '" h~ 01 sy i' nib .. ...die g.'n.d.· v,."kuldi~ ni,. . Afri k.ners..,'",'xnm, in d", land ",I oox . teed, .fhanklixW''<'S v.n 'n milde .......1v.n ~.....de_

Di,. neiging v.n Afrik.ners om .nd,'rs·d ....h nd, '> in d .. ~d.>d,-re 'e ""'eien of.1 Iema" k as r.re ve"kyn",I,. i. by d ie xnnleren­,ie d e u r di" vu,i~e ANC-vnoTSittte r virK..p,tad -Sl'ntr•• I. Cobus de Sward '. ~e·

"pper . Re~,~e'ind..., hel De Swart ~e<e.

wnrd "eTx"",delik as die "nuwe bouswi~le'

v.n Suid·Alrika ui! ·~,'kryl. Hul id..oklj\i"'"v. der, d ie N.,ion.lePariy. he! ~ulle VeT",. ten wvi,'r nuu nm ver·. n 'wnnrdel ikhei d t e. am'.,,, Vlf d ie men..,"'•• ~ev(lrm i, deu r 'ybd"id

De Sw.rd t ,e ru d•• n Afrika""... wa, "m

hu lle xu llu n'le h.Tn~-ups 0p'y Ie sxuif en omdie X""", v.n·n "Afric.n" Ie m.ax; (1m I,.begin \><lU •• n 'n nuw,. Suid -Af..ik•• s~ .an 'y""1 hul m.,je--I:rur~e... v.n . 11.. ,. r.. ,,,, kk", re" 1Jj,- ""V<'I'~ v." 'n white~ in d ie Slrul;l;le

W""'. i. l.n kal verby." hel h~

~""",Die roPI"'rl "n w.·d ,'..yd",

re.pe k "'., besla. n lusse nAf ri k. ne r e n sw. r! Suid ­MTi k.ner i' d uidelik w.nn......hulle •• gd~ke. "n'm"e' . Diem""nl li k~ei d v. n ,'e..nenin~lu>sen d ie Iw,., ku ltu re x. n 'nromp'l"",d iKe dui..jj ~h" id t".~evnl~ he, w.' kan lei 'll! ko " ·.i~li~e ~el"we ,no. dalAITikaneT en ANC . 11<-,.n divl.nd .. p",bl"me k,on "plus ,' n,la' .nder gr""p" nie .. in tli x 'nbela nK"xe rol te speel he. nie,

lron i"" ~enue~ was 0 .. 1I.'nC"'n;' van di<' fA K «n van dien.'<J ,- r i~"e pa"ye b~ d i.. SAAK·xnnf""'ns le. Sommi~e ..l '" dal

die FA K bilie he. om "" .. nederig •• "" '\".maar party v.n hul le~-" w",' d.rem w.n·"''''' hulle d ie mmSle moe! w""", Dr Cron;'he. half (lnluis gd~k np die VVrh(l,'l\ I.ngs lJ<'Sw.rdt. m•• r h~ hd m,,,,ji~ sy '" ~""" _ n ihopspr.ax",ekkend, me. maoT no k nie .r",­gon' nl ,xynheili~ nie,

Dit· ku l.u u, · id ,'nh h-it van di.' Afri!<Aner I.nor d ie i"re h""n verpolili""r en m"brUl kVir p<>1itiel-e Kewin. 1><1 hy ~""", DIe pr. ktyxI",. ''lI..... ,,'<'<I, b<'wY" da. Afri lul"'-'''Iulp nie....n 'n 'p<-'Slfid,,, p<,lilieke idenli lell ~ex"pp"1kan w",d nie, Afrika""", he! ' n VeT'nt",,,,,,­delikheid "m h'rd", 1".....1"i.' "'lI ' e ..d.

Afri!<An,,,,. ffi<"~ ~ek..,n' hede skep om m,~

.nd,-r in die I.nd Ie ko mmu nik....., Itulle ",I' n gneie t " . 'ko ms in d i., I.nd h~ as hulkd...in !<An , I••~ nm die " "I"'k van . nd", al'e dWinl',. ma . r hierin kan hu lle . Il",-n sl••~,leur .....pex •• n .mleT te heI,~'n.

'Ole toekoms

van hlerdle

land gaan nl e

oor die vrese

en bewinge

en sombere

horisonne

van die

Afrikaner nre'

Het Alrlkaners 'n eeecneere rol

om te speel In 'n nuwe Suld·

Alrika ? Of moet hulle maar

gewoonweg aaem met almal In

di e land di e moue oprol en Ban

die werk spring?

Deur Ronel SCheffer

"'-1 ...i.' . 'n v,.....kriklike ""n•• i wnl'd ~,-,",,"k

wann",,,. 'n Alri kan," by die ANC '" milit..v,'Ieud ..n.luH _ die .,rn"m En~el,.

'p,,' kende. w.t dil.1 d"kade. la nx d(l,'nve'llel~k~r..d nie,

By DIE SAAK-xnnferen,1e he! llteylenA"v~I,·nb.eh hkrdi<' ' ''','' Alri,", ner·,en ·I,isme as "bel.~lik. (In,'erli k e n "''''K.nl"be"empel, "D'e I,,,,x,,m, v.n hierdie I.nd~•• n nie n,,, die vre,e en bewin~e en,,,m\><'r<' huri",n n.' van di .' Afrilulner nie;"'-1 hy ~,"". ·m.... 'n k" nf. '''-"" ie he! "'k<>r 'nlema nodiK'"

Die jll.'rllali. H.' n n;e Serfnn'ein nel 'nben",p ~ed,,,--n viT 'n biel~e meer \><.,I-eiden­hdd un die k.n ' v.n die re~er;n~ en d ieAfri k,"nse k,,,,,. nte in d i.' .)'" va ... "nd,·.."" ...·ddin~. DIe verl,'<J,- i. n,'l> I.nl- nie vv,werknie en <In, m,"'l n<l~ b.i<' m,-.'r "p,'"b.",, xuldbelyd,,,,i,,., "".. die v.n .djunk-mini,.

wUrd.·rin~ vir di<' opolh'ri nl\-' w. t jnn pllii .'i('ke OfI"uj~ill~' v.n jnu ei. nie. ol'n benulvan die v""",lixe pyn "'al mel ver.nderin~

~,·p.al'd ~..n ni,'.J"n~ Afnx.ne", v<.>TWa~ meda l;" vi.. hul

dapper '1>"..x md 'l"'T1 ~,.id " "n vv,lu,ti~

hull., in •• nv .lI,. "p die w.l n"1l nie in diekr....1 ,'.n d i., · nu ....e " So ld ·Afrika .an~ekom

Cobus de Sward1. links_en Ben CronJe

Afrikaners moet'hul plek ken'

'N M OEDSWILLIGE N"",,·,!,,_d., ,,, ....~ hcrha.ldeli k by '0 onLm~", . 00;. "onok or S,<'II,'ob",ch op~e.... n om byw ... l<e i<- van d", sP"-'ko.'" te hoo' of di ' dannou r<~'il\ ",>dill i. om .pesi.le deb.lt. tev,,,,, no, d ie 1'01 ".0 die Arrtlca"", in '0 n uweSuid·Afrika

Oil was ' 0 l\'~';" ""1\ v.".1 in die lill vandie f,-i' dat .I n,.1 w....~ ",at '0 pohtit..-u ih" n­Iop.mde "',>ollelm"''' van men... Alri k.",,,,,is, , ' 0 000. o",d.t 0;,'.".00 01' die ko n;e ,e,,<ievan die <;"-11"01><,,,,, Aktoele A.oj\el<"nl­h.-id, krinj\ dil wou ""'1\ om prontu;! Ie ..wie nou .'o,li k as ' 0 Afri k.ner b,,"empelk.ln word "",_

In d ie dae va n to" nad ffio j\ en ""d,,,h."­delioj\ suo ciit '0 "Tn -,hll'- polin,-k..- II ..",w ,'e. o m die een·voudlile w a a Thei d ,lIeluute, tot die .b,,,­M,-min;m"m ,,,rei".,k.. l ko p te .tel: lota partheid wrdwyn ••1' n Afrikan"r 'n wi!~<'ld."i1i"",rde wee,",.1 Alrika.n, a, "",,-'<1-,·ria.1 ~......." in die fami h,. h,~. ,'n n.'uu,lik,,,,k ' n bi,~ji,' er....'n n in~ •• n d ie xu llu ur ~'''',

Afri kane"x.p i, ie" wa.roor ' n m,'n, "'W'~

Iyl-"riyd In~' ,'n l>aie ,ka.m m,,,-1 ""'e<, ,'nw•• rv.n jy ",,,-,il k. n ontsn.p me.1 is d ie"""pmnxl ike ,onde nou "" kd,'ur die >ad,". ~,·pl,·v~. D'NN'ilie Ale xander van d ieN.t,on.1 unKu'Ke Pro"",. isbTuin en p,aa. '.and....dAfrika.o", "",.r kw. lili",,-r ,,'"., ' n Alri kaner me, En .1 isP.tric x Lek,~...n die ANC,.,Afrik,o.n, pl" k'pl,'k \>0.,,,., ..die v.n ",mmi~e Alri o..ne ..._I"m hy _ as hy en il\Sm. won ~

w x nie die p.al Mill ni, ',M•• r d i,' Nu'as-,l udvnl

w" hwlw••" ."nlik . ri,'wd ·r i ~ "m ' n .nd,:r red e . Alri ·!<A",,,,, V<'I)\"~ '0"'-' "m hullepl" x 'e "''', en hul ~ew••ndeuni,-ke •• rd en .1.lu, in d ieklnd i. 'n xwessl<' "'•• En~el,­

'prekendes ,'er.l 1. n k. 1vt'TV;'",. 1';,,,-,d'l di" ANC N d i.· Af,ikan,'"~,·m.·,'n,k.p ,,~ _ Ilm p"lili.'ke "~II ."de,bd "r n'<J"" _ >!,,-k di e hu bris ",eer sterk xnpUlt Dli ",I iro m"" w""' .. Afrika",.,,; nuu ~

'>p'n stadIUm w. n""" die ~,,,,xiedenis hu lle..'I w.re·n lw",'<!e kans ~un um hu t 'n><, 1.'h.·..win _ w,w hu tk " ~- w•• l'de ."""Iul,

I)•• r i. n"uurl ik'n !ik k le ,.I"".ie w.t~""a..d ;\'l.n mT< d~- I""" . ,;" v.n E n~d..,p........'nd,'S. i\"voed Mur ku l,u ...'r.. m,,,,d,,,,·w• • l'd i~hdd ,on ,·,~,-rli khdd d., hn ll., d,'urdi., "d,,,,,- 1><,,'1'<' n'g"'" m,,,~ word. M•• r ,litd,,,-'n ~.,'n .lbn,..x a.n die ~eldi~heid v.nhnl I>."w.,,- ni.'

Af,i kaners. d ixwel, ..,11, d ie me"" ver­Ii~t,,, o nd"r hu lle. bly hwl ....chroni,h"" n.".",koninl\S "",x ''''' liul,,'l1 al Ie " md er insul>-~n,,-'pe, Kultu rek "·ntin,,,nl.lilei'. d ....\><'I.nK..ikh,-id, ,·ksklu,iwil.'it .'" ,,·II.\>o.-;'m.m" rin~ i' I. k'ore w., dit ••nhd p. Di' ,nud.n '" . w...r w.,<" nm'n Afri !<Aner te w,'<'> _die 'tru~~le ,'ell"'u j<>u me; mem.nd het