Top Banner

of 10

Romanian Labour Migration

Jun 03, 2018

Download

Documents

ion1848
Welcome message from author
This document is posted to help you gain knowledge. Please leave a comment to let me know what you think about it! Share it to your friends and learn new things together.
Transcript
  • 8/12/2019 Romanian Labour Migration

    1/10

    Romanian Labour Migration:Employees Perspective

    Authors: Cristina Boboc*, Valentina Vasile,

    Simona Ghi, Mihaela Covrig

    * Corresponding author: cristina.boboc@csie.ase.ro

  • 8/12/2019 Romanian Labour Migration

    2/10

    Main goals

    representing the profile of the employeeswho have a favorable opinion aboutexternal emigration for work

    identifying the most reliable ways ofmigration for the employees

    identifying the characteristics of employeeswho are in favor of emigration for work for

    better earnings

  • 8/12/2019 Romanian Labour Migration

    3/10

    Methodology

    Survey on SME employees from urbanareas of the country

    The survey was conducted with the support

    of the Romanian Institute of Public OpinionSurvey (IRSOP Market Research &Consulting)

    The survey had three main directionsaccording to the major weaknesses of theRomanian labor market: the respondentsopinion on discrimination, migration andundeclared work.

  • 8/12/2019 Romanian Labour Migration

    4/10

    Data set description

    Interviews were conducted bytelephone in early June of 2012 byIRSOP operators

    The duration for completing thequestionnaire was about 15-20minutes

    The questionnaire had 33 questions

    The sample size was set to 500employees

  • 8/12/2019 Romanian Labour Migration

    5/10

    Data set description

    The first part of the questionnaire included questions forrespondents selection the employees of private companies, non-agricultural,

    having between 1 and 249 employees

    The sample structure: by SME size:

    21.6% employed in micro-enterprises 24.7% employed in small enterprises 53.7% employed in medium enterprises

    by the activity domain of the SME: 27.06% - in industry, 8.63% - in constructions 22.35% - in trade 5.49 % - in transport 36.47% - in other services.

  • 8/12/2019 Romanian Labour Migration

    6/10

    Data set description

    The next part of the questionnaire includes generalquestions about the employee's activity and their work. These questions are useful to identify the profile of various

    categories of employees, based on their perception regardingthe vulnerabilities on the labor market.

    The next section of the questionnaire includes specificquestions to the study, namely the respondents opinion ondiscrimination, migration and illegal employment. Since all these issues are sensitive, by making the respondent

    to hesitate in giving the true answer, we opted for generalformulations, often without direct reference to the interviewee.

    The last section of the questionnaire includes socio-demographic questions. These will be used for studying the profile of the employees

    with an attitude about discrimination, informal work oremigration.

  • 8/12/2019 Romanian Labour Migration

    7/10

    Empirical results

    Ways to migrate for work

    How much trust do you have in these ways of searching for a job (none / low / high)?

    31 27

    62

    14

    52

    3

    55

    42

    38

    24

    29

    28

    23

    40

    9

    71

    28

    78

    0%

    10%

    20%

    30%

    40%

    50%

    60%70%

    80%

    90%

    100%

    International DB National Agency for

    Employment

    Private agents Relatives/f riends Job search in

    destination country

    Posted w orkers

    None Low High

  • 8/12/2019 Romanian Labour Migration

    8/10

    Empirical results

    72% of employees do not seen migration as a positive solution

    11% of those interested to go to work abroad consider that it isnot a good solution, because it may cause family problems.

    Profile of those interested to work abroad: from the westernpart of the country, males, young people, without high educationallevels, with low experience at work, not members of trade unions

    Ways to migrate for work:

    Confidence in the international databases: employees working inservices or industry

    Trust in private agents: employees with higher education

    Confidence especially in relatives/friends or acquaintances: veryyoung workers (under 30 years)

    Confidence in emigration by relocation: female employees inmedium companies in Bucharest, activating in industry or transport

  • 8/12/2019 Romanian Labour Migration

    9/10

    Empirical results

    Potential migrant for work Statements regarding justifying the

    emigration for work

    Coef. Exp (coef.) Coef. Exp (coef.)

    There have been layoffs, wage or non-wage

    benefit cuts

    -0.499** 0.607 4

    Female gender -0.950*** 0.387 -0.881*** 0.415Male gender Ref Ref

    1 year work experience 1.306*** 3.690

    2 years work experience 1.069*** 2.914

    3-5 years work experience 0.883*** 2.419

    6-10 years work experience 0.560* 1.751

    over 11 years work experience Ref Ref

    Trade union member -0.769*** 0.464

    Constant -1.338*** 0.262 -0.478*** 0.620

    Hosmer-Lomeshow Test (2) 2=6.398, Sig=0.603 2=0.035, Sig=0.983

    R2Cox&Snell 0.068 0.047

    R2Nagelkerke 0.105 0.067

    Percentage correct 78.6% 71.8%

    Results obtained by applying binary logistic regression

  • 8/12/2019 Romanian Labour Migration

    10/10

    Policies to reduce migration

    stimulating entrepreneurship could be a solution for keepingyoung people in the local economy

    encouraging investments in the local economy: businessdevelopment would produce local development in a sustainablemanner, which would lead to maintaining the employees in thelocal economy.

    organizing workers in unions

    attract specialists in Romania through: stimulating business byfinancial aid for starting a new project, stimulating youngpeople in starting a business, stimulating innovation, research

    development