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Jan 15, 2016
ROADMAP DESCRIPTION AND PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS INDIA
Saurabh Kumar & Arijit SenguptaAtlantic Energy Efficiency
1.INTRODUCTIONPer Capita energy consumption among the lowest in the world: 29% of world average and 7% of USA in 2007 (IEA 2009).Share of noncommercial energy in the primary energy consumption of India declining: 26% in 200708 to 10% in 203132.The demand for primary energy supply is likely to increase by 3 to 4 times and its electricity generation capacity by about 6 times.Energy efficiency across all sectors of the economy is a vital ingredient in the growth strategy being pursued by the GOI.Source: Planning Commission, Integrated Energy Policy
(a) Legal Framework: EC Act empowers the Central and State Govt. to take the following regulatory steps to encourage market based energy efficiency:Industrial Energy EfficiencyNotify energy intensive industries, other establishments and commercial buildings as designated consumers.Establish and prescribe energy consumption norms and standards for designated consumers;Buildings Prescribe energy conservation building codes for efficient use of energy and its conservation in commercial buildings;Direct owners or occupiers of commercial buildings to comply with the provisions of energy conservation building codes;AppliancesDirect mandatory display of label on notified equipment and appliance;Specify energy consumption standards for notified equipment and appliance;2. EE POLICY INSTRUMENTS
(b) Institutional arrangements BEE is the nodal agency at the Central level and SDAs at the state level. These institutions are empowered with regulatory, promotional and enforcement roles under the Act. Out of the 35 States / Union Territories, so far, 32 states/Union Territories have set up their SDAs. While BEE and SDAs are regulatory bodies, the Government of India, has set up a corporate entity, the Super ESCO namely EESL.(c) Action Plan for promoting energy efficiency (2007 2012):MEPS) and comparative (pictorial) labels on end use appliancesEnergy Efficiency in New and Existing buildingsPromoting Energy Efficiency in Household Lighting SectorMunicipal & Agriculture DSMSmall & Medium EnterpriseInformation and Outreach2. EE POLICY INSTRUMENTS
(d) National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE)
NMEEE is one of the eight national missions under the NAPCC announced by the Honble Prime Minister in 2008.NMEEE sets a target saving of about 23 million tons oil-equivalent of fuel savings alongwith an avoided capacity addition of over 19,000 MW and GHG emission reduction of 98.55 million tons annually by 2015. NMEEE will initiate the first market based instrument for trading energy saving certificates by notified large industries. The programmes under NMEEE arePerform Achieve and Trade.Market Transformation for Energy Efficiency.Energy Efficiency Financing Platform.Framework for Energy Efficient Economic Development.
2. EE POLICY INSTRUMENTS
(e) Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL)
Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a JV of NTPC Limited, PFC, REC and POWERGRID has been set up to facilitate implementation of EE projects and to be the implementation arm for Central government and state governments. The authorized share capital of the company is USD 45 million and the paid-up capital USD 25 million with equal contribution from all PSUs.
The objectives of EESL are: To facilitate implementation of energy efficiency projects for Demand Side Measures including municipal functions, agriculture, public building, lighting etc.Partner with private ESCOs and other companies to promote energy efficiency.To provide consultancy services in the field of energy efficiency, CDM projects, and other related areas.To identify and impart training to build the capacity of stakeholders. 2. EE POLICY INSTRUMENTS
(3i)Minimum Energy Performance StandardsTo create appropriate legal and regulatory environment for energy efficient end use productsTo provide the consumer an informed choice about energy saving by using efficient devicesMandatory labeling for ACs, Refrigerators, Tubelights (TL), and Distribution Transformers already in place90% of TL, 80% of Refrigeration and 75% of AC industry on boardConsumer awareness campaign launchedIndependent institutional mechanism for check and challenge testing on random basis for labeled equipments conductedThe programme under voluntary regime is in place for Motors, Geysers, Ceiling fans, Color TVs, Agricultural pump sets and LPG stoves.
(3ii) Buildings New & ExistingECBC covers new commercial buildings with connected load greater than 500 KWECBC includesBuilding Envelope (Walls, Roofs, Windows)Lighting (Indoor and Outdoor)Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) SystemSolar Water Heating and PumpingElectrical Systems (Power Factor, Transformers)The star rating of office buildings and BPOs has been launched .This will create a demand in the market for energy efficient buildings based on actual performance of the building in terms of specific energy usage. Energy audit studies in over 500 government buildings across the country has been undertaken. To promote ESCO delivery mechanism, 80 ESCOs have been accredited.
(3iii) Promoting EE in Household LightingScheme seeks to replace estimated 400 million incandescent bulbs by CFLs- could save 6000 MW by 2012Quality CFLs having an average rated life of 6000 hours and above would be distributed to grid-connected residential households in exchange of an ICL. Each household can get a maximum of four self-ballasted CFLs under the scheme. Approximately 700,000 CFLs can be distributed within a single project. BEE has prepared a Programme of Activities (PoA) as a voluntary coordinated effort to facilitate the scheme in the entire country and reduce transaction costsLeveraging of CDM revenues to remove the high first cost barrier- market transformation in favor of efficient lighting.Bachat Lamp Yojana scheme has been registered as a programme of activities by the CDM executive board of the UNFCCC in Bonn. This is the largest CDM project ever registered for any country in the world and would enable electricity distribution companies to facilitate the switch from bulbs to CFLs in all households in the country.
(3iv) Municipal & Agriculture DSMMunicipalities are spending large amounts of their revenue on purchasing energy for providing local public services such as street lighting and water supply. Energy efficiency in municipal water supply systems can save water and energy while reducing costs and improve service at the same time.The situation analysis for Municipal DSM has been completed and the rank of States and cities has been prepared. BEE has initiated Ag DSM, in which pump set efficiency upgradation would be carried out through PPP mode. The objective is to create appropriate framework for market based interventions in the agricultural pumping sector by facilitating a conducive policy environment to promote PPP to implement the projectsThe five Discoms in four different states have been identified for implementing the Ag DSM pilot projects.
(3v) Small & Medium EnterprisesTo stimulate energy efficiency measures in 25 high-energy consuming SME clusters. To improve the energy efficiency and have a significant effect on the economic performance of the plant through reduction in variable costs.Diagnostic studies are initiated and developed cluster specific energy efficiency manuals/booklets, Three new SMEs clusters added under the programme. Under the programme, activity of 7 clusters is completed. In order to improve the energy performance in industry a pilot SGA programme has been initiated.
(3vi) Demonstration ProjectsSeveral high impact demonstration projects with the SDAs were undertaken in the areas of energy efficient street lighting, revamping of drinking water pumping system and energy efficiency in SME clusters. The main objectives of these demonstration projects are: To showcase the effectiveness of the most energy efficient device / technology through a practical demonstrationTo finalise technical specification of the energy efficient device, bidding documents, monitoring protocol etc. to enable replication
(3vii) Information & OutreachThe objective of the nationwide awareness Campaign is to create awareness amongst public about energy efficiency and drive demand for such goods and services. Appropriate communication has been designed by way of market research and a multi-media campaign has been under implementation for the last 3 years. A national painting competition has been conducted every year since 2005 . The impact of the Painting Competition is at Table below:The objective of the national painting competition is to create awareness amongst public about energy efficiency and drive demand for such goods and services.
2007200820092010Total No of Participating SchoolTotal No of Participating StudentsTotal No of Participating SchoolTotal No of Participating StudentsTotal No. of Participating SchoolsTotal no. of Participating StudentsTotal No. of Participating SchoolsTotal no. of Participating StudentsTOTAL24385253752537569615040814911553471551563000
(3viii) Energy Performance of IndustryThe Government notified 9 energy intensive industrial sectors are 'Designated Consumer' who are required to furnish energy returns, comply with specific energy consumption norms and conduct regular energy audits. An online web enabled data collection and collation system has been developed to facilitate seamless filing of returns by the designated consumers. To promote and recognize energy conservation efforts of the industries NECA are given away every year on 14th December. Another initiative for the industrial sector to be undertaken u