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Rfid based toll tax collection system 3 (repaired)

Aug 19, 2014



RFID Based Toll Tax Collection System

  • RFID Based Toll Tax Collection System 100630111081 1 RFID BASED TOLL TAX COLLECTION SYSTEM By Patel Krishna Pradipkumar (100630111081) Guided By Asst. Prof. Dhara Patel A Project Report Submitted to Gujarat Technological University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Engineering in Electronics & Communication May-2014 Madhuben & Bhanubhai Patel Womens Institute Of Engineering For Studies & Research In Computer & Communication Technology New Vallabh Vidhyanagar, Vitthal Udhyognagar Anand, Gujarat-388121
  • RFID Based Toll Tax Collection System 100630111081 2 Madhuben & Bhanubhai Patel Womens Institute of Engineering For Studies & Research in Computer & Communication Technology Electronics & Communication 2014 CERTIFICATE Date: This is to certify that the dissertation entitled RFID BASED TOLL TAX COLLECTION SYSTEM has been carried out by KRISHNA PATEL under my guidance in fulfilment of the degree of Bachelor of Engineering In Electronics & Communication Engineering (8th Semester) of Gujarat Technological University, Ahmedabad during the academic year 2013-14. Internal Guide Head of the Department Asst. Prof. Dhara Patel Prof. Vipul Dabhi
  • RFID Based Toll Tax Collection System 100630111081 3
  • RFID Based Toll Tax Collection System 100630111081 4 DECLARATION I hereby certify that I am the sole author of this report and that neither any part of this work nor the whole of the work has been submitted for a degree to any other University or Institution. I certify that, to the best of my knowledge, my work does not infringe upon anyones copyright nor violate any proprietary rights and that any ideas, techniques, quotations, or any other material from the work of other people included in my report, published or otherwise, are fully acknowledged in accordance with the standard referencing practices. Furthermore, to the extent that I have included copyrighted material that surpasses the bounds of fair dealing within the meaning of the Indian Copyright Act, I certify that I have obtained a written permission from the copyright owner(s) to include such material(s) in my work and have included copies of such copyright clearances to my appendix. I declare that this is a true copy of my report, including any final revisions, as approved by my supervisor. Date: 09/05/2014 Place: New V.V.Nagar PATEL KRISHNA PRADIPKUMAR
  • RFID Based Toll Tax Collection System 100630111081 5 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Behind every achievement there lies an unfathomable sea of gratitude to those who activated it, without whom it would never ever come into existence. To them, lay the words of gratitude imprinted within. A report is all-encompassing as this is never the work of one or two people labouring in quiet solitude. It is the product of many hands, and countless hours from many people. Our thanks go to all those who helped me in this Project. I would like to express my sincere gratitude to the Head of the EC Department Prof. Vipul Dabhi and all faculty members who helped me throughout my studies. And my deepest and sincere thanks go to my guide Prof. Dhara Patel for her extensive guidance, encouragement, immense help and cooperation throughout. Krishna Patel (100630111081) B.E. (EC)
  • RFID Based Toll Tax Collection System 100630111081 6 Table of Contents Chapter No. Title Page No. Certificate I Declaration II Acknowledgement III Table of Contents IV List Of Figures VI List Of Tables VII Abstract VIII Chapter 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Definition 1 1.2 Brief overview 1 1.2.1 Scope & Objective 1 1.2.2 Purpose 1 1.2.3 Problem Summary 2 1.3 History 2 1.3.1 AVR 2 1.3.2 RFID 2 Chapter 2 Speculative Analysis 3 2.1 AVR Microcontroller 3 2.1.1 Types of Microcontrollers 6 2.1.2 RISC & CISC 6 2.1.3 Serial Communication USART 8 2.2 RFID (Radio Frequency Identification & Detection) 11 2.2.1 What is RFID 12 2.2.2 Working 12 2.2.3 RFID Readers 13 Block Diagram 14 Detailed Description 15 2.2.4 RFID Tags 15 Types of RFID Tags 16 2.2.5 Differences 18 Active & Passive Tags 18 RFID Readers & IR Sensors 18 RFID Readers & Barcode Readers 19 Chapter 3 Evolution Of Project 20 3.1 Block Diagram Of the Project 20 3.1.1 Description 20 3.1.2 Data Flow Diagram 22
  • RFID Based Toll Tax Collection System 100630111081 7 3.2 Components Used 22 3.2.1 ATMega16 Microcontroller 22 Architecture 23 Pin Diagram 25 Pin Description 25 3.2.2 LCD 28 3.2.3 DC Motor 30 3.2.4 7805 Voltage Regulator 31 3.2.5 RFID Reader 32 3.2.6 RFID Tags 33 3.2.7 L293 IC 34 Pin Diagram of L293 34 Description of L293 34 3.3 Schematic Diagram 36 Chapter 4 Software Requirement Specification 38 4.1 AVR Studio 38 4.2 Proteus Simulator 41 4.2.1 Simulation of Project 42 Chapter 5 Hardware of Project 47 Chapter 6 Result & Conclusion 49 6.1 Result 49 6.2 Enhancements 49 6.3 Conclusion 50 References 51
  • RFID Based Toll Tax Collection System 100630111081 8 List of Figures Fig No. Title Page no. 2.1 Block diagram of AVR 3 2.2 Architecture of AVR 5 2.3 RFID Working 13 2.4 Block Diagram of RFID Reader 14 3.1 Block Diagram of Project 20 3.2 Data Flow Chart 22 3.3 Block Diagram of AVR for ATmega16 24 3.4 Pin Diagram of ATmega16 25 3.5 LCD Pin Diagram 29 3.6 DC Motor 30 3.7 Motor Structure 31 3.8 Pin Diagram of 7805 32 3.9 Pin Diagram of L293 IC 34 3.10 Schematic of L293 IC 35 3.11 Circuit Diagram of the project 36 3.12 Switch Symbols Pin Diagram 37
  • RFID Based Toll Tax Collection System 100630111081 9 List of Tables Table No. Name Page No. 2.1 Categories of AVR 4 2.2 Difference Between Microcontrollers 6 2.3 RISC v/s CISC Comparison 7 2.4 Active v/s Passive Tags 18 2.5 RFID Readers v/s IR Sensors 18 2.6 RFID v/s Barcode Readers 19 3.1 ATmega16 Pin Configuration 26 3.2 LCD Pin Description 29 3.3 7805 Pin Description 32
  • RFID Based Toll Tax Collection System 100630111081 10 Abstract The RFID tag is used as a unique identity for account of a particular user. In beginning, the user is prompted to scan his tag or ID. The serial code of the tag is identified by the reader module and is sent to ATmega16 for comparison with stored data. If the identity (serial number of the tag, i.e., 12 byte data) is matched with the one already stored in the system, the toll amount is deducted from his account and user gets to drive through the plaza. On the contrary, if the tag is not identified, a message (Wrong ID) is displayed on the LCD screen. The system also shows Error if the tags do not match during verification. If balance in users account is low, then a message is displayed on LCD screen (Wrong ID Please Pay in Cash) and the user needs to get recharged the RFID card afterwards.
  • RFID Based Toll Tax Collection System 100630111081 11 Chapter 1: Introduction 1.1 Definition Radio-frequency identification (RFID) is an automatic identification method, relying on storing and remotely retrieving data using devices called RFID tags or transponders. This project focuses on an electronic toll collection (ETC) system using Radio frequency identification (RFID) technology. The RFID system uses tags, through which information embedded on the tags are read by RFID readers. The proposed system eliminates the need for motorists and toll authorities to manually perform ticket payments and toll fee collections, respectively. 1.2 Brief Overview 1.2.1 Scope & Objective A radio-frequency identification system uses tags, or labels attached to the objects to be identified. Two-way radio transmitter-receivers called interrogators or readers send a signal to the tag and read its response. Here Basic idea is to develop the automatic challan system that can check for signal break by any vehicle. The RFID Reader reads the information like vehicles no. and automatically send a report to the owner of vehicles and simultaneously an information is given on the site itself through LCD. 1.2.2 Purpose Radio-frequency identification (RFID) is an automatic identification method, relying on storing and remotely retrieving data using devices called RFID tags or transponders. The technology requires some extent of cooperation of an RFID reader and an RFID tag. An RFID tag is an object that can be applied to or incorporated into a product, animal, or person for the purpose of identification and tracking using radio waves. Some tags can be read from several meters away and beyond the line of sight of the reader. Purpose of Radio frequency Identification and Detection system is to facilitate data transmission through the portable device known as tag that is read with the help of RFID reader; and process it as per the needs of an application. Information transmitted with the help
  • RFID Based Toll Tax Collection System 100630111081 12 of tag offers location or identification along with other specifics of product tagged purchase date, colour, and price. Typical RFID tag includes microchip with radio antenna, mounted on substrate. The RFID tags are configured to respond and receive signals from an RFID transceiver. This allows tags to be read from a distance, unlike other forms of authentication technology. The RFID system has gained wide acceptance