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Presentation Phil Educ System

Apr 10, 2018

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    PHILIPPINE EDUCATIONALSYSTEM

    26 May 2010

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    HISTORY

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    Pre-Spanish

    Reading, (W)riting, (A)rithmetic

    Rituals and ceremonies

    Apprenticeship at home, or incommunity centers

    Supervised by parents, elders, Babaylan

    and Katalonan Alibata as the alphabet

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    ALIBATA is a segmental writing

    system that uses consonant-vowel

    combinations. Each letter

    represents a consonant

    accompanied by a specific vowel.

    Each character, written in its basicform, is a consonant ending with a

    vowel A. For producingconsonants that ends with the

    other vowel sound, a mark isplaced either above the consonant

    (to produce an E or I sound) or

    below the consonant (to produce

    an O or U sound). This systemoriginated from India.

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    SPANISH COLONIZATION (1521-

    1898) Elementary, secondary and collegiate level

    Priests as teachers

    Dissemination of information aboutCatholicism

    Primary instruction: free and compulsory.

    Education inadequate, suppressed, and

    controlled

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    American colonization (1898-

    1940s) Public school system

    English language as medium of instruction

    Reading, writing, arithmetic, language, goodmanners and right conduct, civics, hygiene andsanitation, gardening, domestic science,American History and PhilippineHistory

    American textbooks and reading materials werethe only educational materials used

    Technical/ vocational skills wereemphasized andGrade seven was included.

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    Japanese occupation(1941-

    1945) Nothing much was changed Use of Japanese language in the schools

    Filipino children went to school to learn Japanesesongs & games

    Institutions of higher learning giving courses inagriculture, medicine, fisheries and engineeringwereestablished.

    Tagalog, PhilippineHistory, and CharacterEducation was reserved for Filipinos. Love for work and dignity of labor wasemphasized.

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    STRUCTURE AND ORGANIZATION

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    EDUCATION

    Formal Education (Public or Private)

    Basic education of 10 years

    Collegeeducation usually 4 years Non-Formal Education

    organized school-based educational activitiesaimed at attaining specific learning objectives for

    a particular clientele, especially the illiterateadults and out-of-school youths

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    Classes in Philippine schools start in June and

    end in March.

    Colleges and universities follow the semestralcalendar from June-October and November-March.

    Some private schools in the tertiary leveloffer tri-semesters.

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    FORMAL EDUCATION

    13-16

    7-12

    3-6

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    PRE-SCHOOL

    Optional

    curriculum focuses on

    Physical development Personal-social development

    Affective development

    Cognitive development

    Creative-aesthetic development

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    Area of development Activities No. of minutes

    Communication skills and socio-emotional development

    Sharing period (experiences,songs, poems, news and

    informal conversation

    10

    Cognitive development, socio-

    emotional development, physical

    development, creative development

    Self-selected activities 20

    Cognitive development, socio-

    emotional development

    Working period, including

    more structured activities

    45-60

    Physical development, creative

    development, socio-emotional

    development

    Supervised outdoor paly 30

    Personal-social development, health

    care

    Clean up and snack 30

    Physical development Rest 15

    Any of the areas of development Story time or indoor activities 15

    Total minutes 165-180

    Sampleprogrammeofpre-schoolactivities

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    ELEMENTARY

    compulsory ; pupils aged 7-12

    6 years of study except in a few schoolsmainly privateoffering aseven-year course

    two levels: primary (Grades I-IV) and intermediate (Grades V and VI (or

    VII)) Mission ofelementary education : to enable pupils to acquire a basic

    preparation that will make them an enlightened, disciplined, self-reliant,God-loving, creative, versatile and productive citizens in a nationalcommunity.

    Existing national curriculum, implementation and guidelines

    Actual implementation is determined by teachers

    Students are required to participate in co-curricular activities

    Inclusion of the use of ICTs, articulated in terms of skills in accessing,processing, and applying information, and using educational software insolving mathematical problems and conducting experiments.

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    Learning area Weekly time allocated to each subject (in minutes)

    I II III IV VI VII

    Filipino 400 400 400 300 300 300

    English 500 500 500 400 400 400

    Science (1) - - 200 300 300 300

    Mathematics 400 400 400 300 300 300

    Makabayan: (2) 300 300 300 500 600 600

    Civics and culture 300 300 300 - - -

    Social studies (3) - - - 200 200 200

    Home economics

    and livelihood

    - - - 200 200 200

    Values education, good

    manners and right conduct(5)

    Total weekly minutes 1,600 1,600 1,800 1,800 1,900 1,900

    Elementaryeducation:sampleweeklylessontimetable

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    TheNational Elementary Achievement Test (NEAT) is anachievement test given to GradeVI pupils completing theelementary education course.

    Students at theelementary level are annually promoted fromone grade to the next provided that they meet the achievementstandards set for the grade.

    In Grades I-VI, students are rated in every subject four timesduring the year. A cumulative rating system is used as the basisfor promotion. The pass grade is 75 percent. The periodic ratingsare reported to the students and their parents through anindividual report card which provides for a brief narrativeevaluation of the students behaviour.

    In most public schools, they conduct a Recognition Program aftereach school year to honor the years top 15 performing students.Recognition are in the form of giving ribbons, certificates and/ormedals. For GradeVI students, aside from theRecognition

    Program, they also have their Graduation Day at theend of theschools year.

    Top performing students are honored as valedictorian (for thetop performer), salutatorian, first to third honorable mention (forthe third to fifth top performers), and with honors (for the sixthto tenth top performers).

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    SECONDARY

    Continuation of the basic education provided at the first level

    Expanded to include learning (general education) and training inbasic employable skills (vocational/technical education)

    Four years of formal schooling and is addressed to students aged13-16

    Prerequisite is completion ofelementary education. Themajor subject areas are science, mathematics, technology,

    Filipino, English, and civics/national culture.

    Technical and vocational education was adapted to technologicalprogress and employment needs in recent years.

    In selective schools, various languages may be offered aselectives, as well as other subjects such as computerprogramming and literary writing. Chinese schools have language and cultural electives. Preparatory

    schools usually add some business and accountancy courses, whilescience high schools have biology, chemistry, and physics at every level.

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    I II III IV

    Filipino language 300 300 300 300

    English language 300 300 300 300

    Science and technology (1) 300 300 300 300

    Mathematics 300 300 300 300Makabayan: (2) 780 780 780 780

    Social studies (3) 240 240 240 240

    Home economics,

    agriculture & fisheries,

    industrial arts, and

    entrepreneurship

    240 240 240 240

    Music, arts, physical

    education and health

    240 240 240 240

    Values education (4) 60 60 60 60

    Total weekly minutes 1,980 1,980 1,980 1,980

    Subject Weekly time allocated to each subject (in minutes)

    Secondaryeducation:sampleweeklylessontimetable

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    Secondary school students are rated four times a year. If astudent fails in a particular subject, he or she repeats the subjectthe next year,