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planning resort planning

May 14, 2015





    • Any place or places with pleasant environment and atmosphere conducive to comfort, healthful relaxation and rest, offering food, sleeping accomodation and recreational facilities to the public for a fee(definition per DOT Rules on Accreditation)
  • Elements of a resort
    • Recreational facilities that draw guests to the facility
    • Housing and Food & Beverage services that cater to people away from home
    • Activities to occupy guests during their stay

3. CLASSIFICATION OF RESORTS According to Location

    • Inland Beach Plantation Bay
    • Island Club Noah Isabelle
    • Lakeside Lake Caliraya
    • Farm Villa Escudero
    • Orchard Gap Farming Resort, Davao
    • Mountain Mt. Data Lodge, Benguet
    • Springs Ardent Hot Springs, Camiguin

4. CLASSIFICATION OF RESORTS According to Activity Offered

  • Diving Resort
  • Fishing Resort
  • Health/Spa
  • Golf Resort
  • Ski Resort
  • Gaming Resort
  • Theme Park


  • Resort Hotel
    • Person leases the room/cottage for transient stay
  • Second-Home Development
    • Person develops/buys another home in outdoor areas
  • Timeshare Ownership
    • Person pays for the right to accommodations at a vacation development for a specified period each year, for a specified number of years or for perpetuity. It is essentially buying accomodation in advance & paying annual contributions for maintenance

CLASSIFICATION OF RESORTS According to Ownership/Lodging Properties 6. Concentration of tourist facilities and services in specified tourism zones allows for efficient provision of infrastructure, offers a variety of easily accessible activities and facilities for tourists, encourages integrated planning and application of development controls, and contain any negative impacts in certain areas. These tourism zones should be locatedto be protected and areas more suitable for other types of development. The tourism zones needed to be integrated with the transportation network that connects the zones with the gateway to the country or region. 7.

  • If possible, attractions should be clustered with the secondary attractions developed near primary ones in order to encouragetourists to staylonger in the area. Planning for tour routes should apply the principle of not requiring back-tracking, that is, loop tour patterns wherever possible, infrastructure should be multipurpose serving general community needs as well as tourism.

8. Resort Planning The modern concept of a resort is that planned as an integrated development with consideration given to its compatibility with the natural environmentand possible benefits to local communities. Economic feasibility analysis:Analysis of the economic costs and benefits of a project to the entire area, region or country. A project may generate overall positive economic benefits by attracting tourists to the area, but not make a profit in itself. Financial feasibility analysis:The financial rate of return and profitability of a project based only on its own costs and revenues. 9.

  • Resort Planning Process
  • First, market and product assessment (referring especially to tourist attractions) is conducted, the resort development objectives, type and size determined in preliminary form, the site selected, and conceptual planning andprefeasibility analysiscarried out. This analysis feeds into more specific determination of facility and land use requirements and infrastructure needs, the regional relationships including access to the site and regional integration, andthe environmental and carrying capacity analysis and considerations of community relationships.
  • Then the resort and regional/community relationships plan is prepared, with phasing of development and evaluated environmentally and economically as a basis for deciding on the final plan.

10. 3. A specific environmental and social impact analysis must be conducted of the plan to ensure that the resort will not result in undue environmentally and economicallyas a basis for deciding on the final plan. 4.Then a final-economic and financial feasibility analysis is carried out to make certain that the resort will be economically viable and produce an acceptable financialrate of return. The results of this analysis may also require modifications to the plan. 5. Finally, the implementation programme is prepared and construction of the first phase begins. 11. There is a tendency for successful resorts to eventually be overdeveloped because they have been successful thus leading to environmental problems and decline of the resorts popularity. The best approach is to establish a maximum size for each resort based on environmental and other relevant considerations and, when one resort in an area is fully developed, to then develop new resorts elsewhere in the area or rehabilitate declining existing tourism areas. 12.

  • If there are local communities existing near the resort, community residents or their spokesmen should be involved in key stages of the resort planning process. Techniques should be devised for nearby residents to receive direct benefits from the resort including employment, operation of commercial facilities, and improved community infrastructure and facilities.

13. Each resort area is unique but some basicprinciples apply to the planning of most resorts. The concept ofland use zoningis applicable to resorts. A basic principle isconservationof specific environmental features such asbeaches, marine areas, ponds, lakes, lagoons, archaeological and historic sites, large trees and group of tree, unusual geological features and hill tops. Related to this conservation is maintenance of view planes and corridors so that there are views of important features form the building in the final development. 14.

  • Also importantfunctional groupingof resort facilities and activities, such as accommodation, commercial and cultural facilities (often in an integrated and pedestrian oriented resort center), and recreation facilities, in suitable areas. Accommodation should be well related to the main resort attractions such as beaches but not impinging on them. Hotels, for example, should be sited well back from the beach so that the natural shoreline appearance is maintained and erosion is avoided, but within convenient walking distance from the beach.


  • Resorts should have controlled access and an efficient but not high-speed road network. Emphasis should be on pedestrians in the resort and, in larger resorts, use of non-polluting vehicles such as small battery operated buses to provide general transport within the resort grounds. Public access to the resort should be allowed on a controlled basis including to the main attraction features such as beaches and historic places.

16. Provision of adequate infrastructure for the resort is essential to prevent environmental problems. Often this infrastructure can also be developed to serve nearby communities as one of the local benefits from the resort development. Conservation-oriented infrastructure techniques should be applied, such as treatment and recycling of sewage effluent for use in landscape irrigation and use of solar energy for water heating and natural ventilation substituting airconditioning air conditioning. Resorts are typically well landscaped to create an attractive open environment. One of the regional considerations in resort planning is that, if sufficient housing for the resort employees is not already available in nearby communities, then housing will need to be developed neat the resort. This housing should be planned as an integrated community with the full range of community facilities and services, as well as the housing provided. 17. Resort Planning Process Market & Product Assessment of Area Determination of Objectives, Type & Size of Resort, including General Environmental Assessment of Area Resort Site Selection Resort Concept & Prefeasibility Analysis (with feedback to above steps, project terminated if determined infeasible) Determination of Facility & Land Use Requirements Regional Relationships Environmental & Carrying Capacity Analysis Access to Regional Integration Community Relationships Determination of Infrastructure Requirements Formulation of Regional Relationships & Resort Land Use Plan with Phasing of Development (alternative & final plans) Specific Environmental & Social Assessment (with feedback to plan formulation) Implementation Program First Stage Development Plan Retirement of Later Phases Implementation of Later Phases 18. SIMILARITIES OF HOTEL & RESORT MANAGEMENT

  • Both sell meals and rooms
  • Both are labor-intensive
  • Both have buildings and grounds which require maintenance and upkeep
  • Courtesy and Guest service are of prime importance to both
  • Innkeeping laws apply to both


  • Visitor Market
    • Hotels cater primarily to both business travellers and leisure travellers
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