Top Banner
Piano Period History Examining significant composers of piano music through music history.
14

Piano Period History Examining significant composers of piano music through music history.

Dec 27, 2015

Download

Documents

Welcome message from author
This document is posted to help you gain knowledge. Please leave a comment to let me know what you think about it! Share it to your friends and learn new things together.
Transcript
  • Slide 1
  • Piano Period History Examining significant composers of piano music through music history.
  • Slide 2
  • Baroque 1600 - 1750 Decorative music (characteristic of time period) Fundamental Bass Line All parts of Baroque music must be subservient to a bass line. Fugue: composition with musical line articulated in one voice and rearticulated by following voices in repeat, inversion, etc
  • Slide 3
  • Johann Sebastian Bach 1685-1750 German composer Was an organist Known as one of the greatest fugue writers. Pianoforte was created in his mid-life Listen to Minuet in G
  • Slide 4
  • Classical Period 1750-1830 Orderly music (return of interest in Greek time period) Sonata (composition & form) Sonata Form: Exposition introduce theme Development develop theme Recapitulation return of theme
  • Slide 5
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1756-1791 Austrian composer Melody writer Wrote many Sonatas Died young Listen to Piano Sonata No. 11 in A Major
  • Slide 6
  • Romantic 1860-1920 Emotion in sound Dramatic music through: strong dynamic changes large instrumentation drastic key changes
  • Slide 7
  • Ludwig van Beethoven 1770-1827 Crossover composer - began in Classical period ended in Romantic period THE composer to push the Romantic style Extreme personality helped in extreme music Know for his 9 Symphonies Became deaf at end of life Listen to Sonata Pathetique
  • Slide 8
  • Johannes Brahms 1833-1897 Structured composer followed style of Bach But incorporated dramatic Romantic qualities such as drastic key changes Listen to Intermezzo in A
  • Slide 9
  • Frederic Chopin 1810-1849 French composer Wrote almost exclusively for the piano Wrote etudes (studies) Each explored a single technical problem, usually set around a single motif. Listen to Etude #4 in C# minor, Op 10, Nocturne in E flat Major
  • Slide 10
  • Franz Liszt 1811-1886 Hungarian composer Know mostly for piano works Extremely big hands and long fingers which made for difficult compositions Pieces technically difficult Listen to Hungarian Rhapsody
  • Slide 11
  • Impressionism late 19 th century French movement in the arts Characteristics: Creating mood Asian pentatonic scale Whole tone scale Tone color Irregular rhythm Dissonance
  • Slide 12
  • Claude Debussy 1862-1918 French composer Didnt like the label Impressionist (meant to be derogatory from the painters) Know for his piano works Listen to Claire de Lune
  • Slide 13
  • Modern/Contemporary 1920 - present Breaks with or redefines the conventions of the past. Uses experimental techniques. Show the diversity of society and the blending of cultures. Jazz syncopation, call & response, unique harmonies
  • Slide 14
  • Scott Joplin 1867-1917 African American composer Known for writing Ragtime (style leading into Jazz) Duke Ellington 1899-1974 African American composer Known for Jazz style