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Personal Resource Systems Management: PRSM ... Personal Resource Systems Management (PRSM): A Proposal for Interactive Practice Barbara Skerry McFall (ABSTRACT) Personal resource systems

Jan 30, 2021

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  • Personal Resource Systems Management: ______________

    PRSM ______________

    A Proposal for Interactive Practice

    by

    Barbara Skerry McFall

    A thesis submitted to the faculty of the

    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

    in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of

    MASTER OF SCIENCE in

    HOUSING, INTERIOR DESIGN, AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

    Irene E. Leech, Chair Joseph Germana Janet K. Sawyers

    April 9, 1998 Blacksburg, Virginia

    Keywords: Personal Resources, Systems, Management, Change, Stress, Quality of Life Copyright 1998. Barbara S. McFall

  • Personal Resource Systems Management (PRSM): A Proposal for Interactive Practice

    Barbara Skerry McFall

    (ABSTRACT)

    Personal resource systems define the quality of daily living, shaping personal well-being, societal satisfaction and overall quality of life. This study explores the construct of such systems through the emerging concept of Personal Resource Systems Management (PRSM) and models that concept for future research, consideration and debate. It is a qualitative exercise in grounded theory, a demonstration of integrative, interdisciplinary scholarship and a contribution to interactive practice in resource management, a subject matter specialty of Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS). As such the proposed PRSM model advances the stated goal of FCS practice to "promote optimal well-being of families, individuals and communities." Specifically, a PRSM model within the context of FCS should

    • describe person-environment interaction • as well as aggregates thereof (family and community) and • identify diverse daily impacts on the quality of living, personal well-being, societal

    satisfaction and overall quality of life • by modeling a consistent system of multiple options, each with a clear solution

    Twenty-three existing models appearing in resource management texts between 1975 and 1996 were evaluated for the ability to adequately support these assumptions, using the Liebert and Spiegler framework for evaluation of theory. Though most models provided partial support, no existing models fully fit the adopted criteria. Traditional resource management concepts were therefore adapted and extended using interdisciplinary findings to model the Personal Resource Systems Management (PRSM) concept.

  • iii

    DEDICATION

    This project is dedicated to my parents

    who first shaped my understanding of the system:

    to

    DAD

    whose experiences as a

    Prisoner of War in Nazi Germany framed the problem

    and

    to MOM

    whose efforts to reclaim individual and family well-being

    suggested the solution.

    Thank you!

  • iv

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    This project could not have been completed without the guidance of an extraordinary committee.

    Dr. Joseph Germana guided the work from the beginning, contributing a deep understanding of systems thinking and self construction. He was a true mentor, a theorist extraordinaire, and was extremely generous with his time. He read, re-read, and re-re-read halting efforts, as I groped for understanding. As befits such a dialogue, the current work reflects much of his own theoretical concept that has since become a part of my understanding.

    Dr. Irene Leech calmed the troubled waters of graduate student angst, and grounded the theoretical with her passion for people. She shaped the finished product with her perceptive and persistent editing. Any practical utility that the concept has for politics, social programs, consumer issues, and extension applications is due to her sure footed influence. She is the ultimate interactive practitioner.

    Dr. Janet Sawyer was a quiet, kind, support, who listened very carefully. With a lifetime dedication to the well-being of families and children, she had an uncanny ability to supply exactly the right readings. She is responsible for the connections to Csikszentmihalyi and Garbarino.

    Substantial contributions were also made by others in the department and in the discipline. Dr. Rebecca Lovingood was most generous with her library; her historical knowledge of the disciplinary literature; her understanding of research and theory in the discipline; and her connections to professional organizations. Dr. Ruth Lytton made both her library and her undergraduate resource management class available for my continuing education. Dr. Constance Kratzer has been a travel buddy to state functions. Dove Robertson, Joyce Bandy, and Debbie Elkin made life a little easier in a thousand different ways. My graduate colleagues were a source of tremendous support and intellectual challenge. Dr. Ali Al-Najada suggested the earliest form of the model with his Flexible Planning Wheel, when he was still a fellow student. Dr. Elizabeth DeMerchant has been a faithful guide to the discipline that was her inheritance. Shari, Cheryl, Cindy, Neil, John, Judy and the rest of the porch crowd, you know how much I value our friendship and our discussions. In the greater discipline, I wish to express grattitude to the many wonderful practitioners who opened their hearts, shared their minds, and contributed kind support to the new kid on the block. You made it all possible.

    Beyond disciplinary boundaries, Dr. Joseph Sirgy has been my connection to the International Society for Quality of Life Studies (ISQOLS). Dr. Carol Bailey was a patient, thorough guide to qualitative research, and Dr. Terry Wildman and Dr. Sue Magliaro provided the education connection. Generous financial support was provided by Crestar Bank in the form of a Bragg Scholarship. Thank you Perry Gorham. And, I am alive today to perform this research thanks to the efforts of medical doctors, Dr. Gerald Ruth and Dr. Stephen Rosenoff, and the prayers of Christian Science Practitioners, Evans Richardson and Shirley Hoel.

    Last and most importantly thank you to my family: to my wonderful husband Bob, a philosopher and a gentleman, who has kept the real world running smoothly while I dallied in abstractions; to my children Lisa and Robert who are a constant source of inspiration; to my

  • v

    mother and dear friend; and to my beloved siblings. I love you all. Dad, I’m so sorry you’re not here to see the results of your efforts. This one was for you.

  • vi

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    CHAPTER PAGE

    ABSTRACT ii DEDICATION iii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS iv LIST OF FIGURES iiv LIST OF TABLES ix

    I. INTRODUCTION

    Justification for Research 2 The Importance of Personal Well-being 3 The Importance of the Family 4 Community Concerns 5 Summary and Prieview 7

    II. BACKGROUND FOR STUDY

    Family and Consumer Sciences 10 Resource Management 11 Customary Practice 11 Instrumental Practice 13 Reflective Practice 15 Interactive Practice 17 Summary 18

    III. METHODOLOGY

    Why Uses Qualitative Research Methods? 20 Qualitative Method 21 Methodology in this Study 21 The Research Question 21 Entering the Field 22 Data Collection 24 Analysis of Existing Theory 25 Summary 30

    IV. FINDINGS FROM THE LITERATURE

    Structural Models in Resource Management 1975-1996 33 Functional Models in Resource Management 1975-1996 65 Miscellaneous Aspect Models 1975-1996 94 Summary

    Comparison of Structural Models 99 Comparison of Functional Models 103 Resource Relationships In Resource Management 108 Time/Space Considerations in Resource Management 110

  • vii

    V. CONCEPTUAL DEVELOPMENT

    Interactive Practice 113 The Personal Resource System 114 Extending Descriptive and Predictive Power 114 The Structural Model: McNeil’s Toroidal Systemology 114 The Functional Model: Herbst’s Co-Genetic Logic 116 Resource Relationsips: Csikszentmihalyi’s Flow 117 Time/Space Considerations: Efficacy-Performance Spirals 118 Summary 120

    VI. THE NEXT STEP

    Interactive Practice in PRSM: Systems with Infinite Solutions 122 PRSM Structure

    Person-Environment Transactions 124 Toroidal Organization 124 PRSM Persons 126 PRSM Environments 128

    PRSM Function Dialectical Personal Systems 131 Changing Personal Systems 131

    PRSM Resources Consistent Independent Systems 133 Delivering Well-being 133

    PRSM Time/Space 135 Summary 137

    VII. IMPLICATIONS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH

    Perfecting the Concept 141 Credibility 141 Utility 144

    Extending the Concept 145 Matrix Organization 145 Life-long Learning 145 Scenario Planning 147

    Empirical Testing 147

    VIII. REFERENCES 149

    IX. VITA 158

  • viii

    LIST OF FIGURES

    FIGURE TITLE PAGE

    1 Consistent Systems of Equations in Three Variables 28 2 Inconsistent Systems Having No Solutions 29 3 Social Interactions of Wives and Mothers 35 4 The Management Wheel 38 5 The Integrative Role of Home Management 41 6 Elements of the Ecosystem 45 7 The Family System, Its Environments and Subsystems 48 8 Spheres of Interaction 52 9 The Micro- and Macroenvironment of the Family System 56 10 The Foa and Foa Model of Resource Exchange 60 11 The Resouce Management Model of Motivabion 63 12 Management Responds to Questions 67 13 Flow Chart of the Management Process 70 14 Model of the Family as an Energy Driven Organization 73 15 Management as System: An Input-Output Model 76 16 Planning Process, Implementation, and Evaluation Feedback 79 17 Com

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