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Parametric Study of Daylighting Strategies with Consideration of Glare Problems Case Study: IGES Research Center in Zushi Santiago L. Torres Sakamoto Laboratory The University of Tokyo Graduate School of Engineering Department of Architecture
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Parametric Study of Daylighting Strategies with Consideration of Glare Problems Case Study: IGES Research Center in Zushi Santiago L. Torres Sakamoto Laboratory.

Jan 22, 2016

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Page 1: Parametric Study of Daylighting Strategies with Consideration of Glare Problems Case Study: IGES Research Center in Zushi Santiago L. Torres Sakamoto Laboratory.

Parametric Study of Daylighting Strategieswith Consideration of Glare Problems Case Study: IGES Research Center in Zushi

Santiago L. TorresSakamoto Laboratory

The University of Tokyo

Graduate School of Engineering

Department of Architecture

Page 2: Parametric Study of Daylighting Strategies with Consideration of Glare Problems Case Study: IGES Research Center in Zushi Santiago L. Torres Sakamoto Laboratory.

IGES Research CenterZushi, Kanagawa Prefecture

N

Page 3: Parametric Study of Daylighting Strategies with Consideration of Glare Problems Case Study: IGES Research Center in Zushi Santiago L. Torres Sakamoto Laboratory.

Daylight strategies

Lightshelf

Louvers

Tilted ceiling

Reflectances: ceiling70%

walls60%

floor40%

louvers50%

Blinds

Page 4: Parametric Study of Daylighting Strategies with Consideration of Glare Problems Case Study: IGES Research Center in Zushi Santiago L. Torres Sakamoto Laboratory.

Research room: plan diagram Sections in the main window and position of daylight sensors

1 2 3 4

8765

Page 5: Parametric Study of Daylighting Strategies with Consideration of Glare Problems Case Study: IGES Research Center in Zushi Santiago L. Torres Sakamoto Laboratory.
Page 6: Parametric Study of Daylighting Strategies with Consideration of Glare Problems Case Study: IGES Research Center in Zushi Santiago L. Torres Sakamoto Laboratory.
Page 7: Parametric Study of Daylighting Strategies with Consideration of Glare Problems Case Study: IGES Research Center in Zushi Santiago L. Torres Sakamoto Laboratory.
Page 8: Parametric Study of Daylighting Strategies with Consideration of Glare Problems Case Study: IGES Research Center in Zushi Santiago L. Torres Sakamoto Laboratory.
Page 9: Parametric Study of Daylighting Strategies with Consideration of Glare Problems Case Study: IGES Research Center in Zushi Santiago L. Torres Sakamoto Laboratory.

Daylight strategies and factors studied Light shelf Louvers Ceiling shape Orientation

Parametrical procedure Set of simulations repeated for different instances of the

building Simulations calculated the electricity consumption for each

operating hour in a year Results are obtained from the comparison of the different

simulations Each yearly simulation took aprox. 36-40 hs.

(Pentium 3, 900MHz, 500Mb of RAM, under Windows)

Page 10: Parametric Study of Daylighting Strategies with Consideration of Glare Problems Case Study: IGES Research Center in Zushi Santiago L. Torres Sakamoto Laboratory.

Models of the building

Base Case Case 2 – without light shelf

Case 3 – without louvers Case 4 – with horizontal ceiling

Case 5 – oriented towards south

S

Page 11: Parametric Study of Daylighting Strategies with Consideration of Glare Problems Case Study: IGES Research Center in Zushi Santiago L. Torres Sakamoto Laboratory.

Research room: plan diagram Sequence in the simulation process (repeated for each hour)

1 2 3 4

8765

Glare assessment

70º

70º

60º

60º

40º

40º

Verification of glare sources

Modification of blinds position

Calculation of illuminance values

Calculation of electricity consumption

#?RADIANCEfindglare -vp 2 5.8 1.5 -vd -1 0 0 -t 6000 -ga 10-70:10 -av .1 .1 .1 findglare.oct VIEW= -vth -vp 2 5.8 1.5 -vd -1 0 0 -vu 0 0 1 -vh 180 -vv 180 -vo 0 -va 0 -vs 0 -vl 0FORMAT=ascii BEGIN glare source

-0.999111 -0.013333 0.040000 0.146333 8758.838079-0.751899 -0.658737 0.026714 0.052349 8017.280019-0.784885 0.617347 0.053269 0.033143 6741.591044-0.947418 0.000000 0.320000 0.117585 9812.825088-0.662042 -0.649863 0.373333 0.013426 14175.594810-0.848399 0.249883 0.466667 0.027712 13902.406172-0.840480 -0.275346 0.466667 0.025820 14099.565250

END glare sourceBEGIN indirect illuminance

70 2516.02753360 2741.83363250 2963.39874740 3200.35889930 3439.32977020 3653.85010710 3815.2991380 3892.450187-10 3878.283673-20 3776.563295-30 3617.793440-40 3419.675381-50 3204.818327-60 2989.049532-70 2764.193109

END indirect illuminance

Page 12: Parametric Study of Daylighting Strategies with Consideration of Glare Problems Case Study: IGES Research Center in Zushi Santiago L. Torres Sakamoto Laboratory.

Diagram of the Control program

Climatic data

Sky.rad IGES.rad

Determine sky condition

Day_hour.glr

Modify blinds

Blind_0 / 5.rad

Building description

Blinds descriptionSky description

Calculate illuminance levels

glare.out

data.out

illum.out

skydata.out

Calculate electricity consumption

Rate glare incidence

INP

UT

OUTPUT

UGR + glare sources

Climate.dat

Page 13: Parametric Study of Daylighting Strategies with Consideration of Glare Problems Case Study: IGES Research Center in Zushi Santiago L. Torres Sakamoto Laboratory.

Radiance Diagram of the modules used

IGES.rad

gensky

sky.radblinds.rad

findglare glarendx

rillum

oconv

oconv

findglare.oct

illum.oct

g#day_#hour.gle

measure.out

rpict g#day_#hour.pic

rpict p#day_#hour.pic

Rate glare incidence

Calculate illuminance levels

Determine sky condition

glare#day_#hour.glr

Page 14: Parametric Study of Daylighting Strategies with Consideration of Glare Problems Case Study: IGES Research Center in Zushi Santiago L. Torres Sakamoto Laboratory.

Radiance images

Page 15: Parametric Study of Daylighting Strategies with Consideration of Glare Problems Case Study: IGES Research Center in Zushi Santiago L. Torres Sakamoto Laboratory.

Base case

Total daily consumption (Wh)

0

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

3 46 90 136 178 221 264 310 354

days

Nu

mbe

r of

close

d b

lind

s

0

2000

4000

6000

8000

10000

12000

Wat

tsNumber of closed blinds

Energy consumption (W)

Daily consumption and glare incidence

Annual glare rates

Hours of glare/ year in each blind section

389

521 536517

449

343

0

100

200

300

400

500

600

1 2 3 4 5 6

Page 16: Parametric Study of Daylighting Strategies with Consideration of Glare Problems Case Study: IGES Research Center in Zushi Santiago L. Torres Sakamoto Laboratory.

Annual total energy consumption and glarevariation with respect to base case

Energy consumption and hours of glare (annual) relative to Base Case- 30

- 25

- 20

- 15

- 10

- 5

0

5

10Case 2 Case 3 Case 4 Case 5

%

Glare

Energy consumption

S

Page 17: Parametric Study of Daylighting Strategies with Consideration of Glare Problems Case Study: IGES Research Center in Zushi Santiago L. Torres Sakamoto Laboratory.

Known problems

The use of only one observer to assess glare conditions

The use of UGR, not specific for daylight

Low quality renderings (computing time)

Impossibility to determine the sky condition for low solar altitudes

Differences between the modeled building and the real building All blinds in each room open or close together Daylight sensors are placed every three or four sets of lamps The reflectance of the louvers is much lower

Differences between simulated behavior of occupants and real occupants (unknown)

Page 18: Parametric Study of Daylighting Strategies with Consideration of Glare Problems Case Study: IGES Research Center in Zushi Santiago L. Torres Sakamoto Laboratory.

Conclusions

The variation of the glare rates was always related to a variation of the energy consumption.

The light shelf showed a protective effect without reducing the daylight levels inside the room.

The horizontal ceiling redirected the light from the light shelf further into the rear part of the room.

Changing the orientation of the main facade proved to be more effective than other measures.

Some results were counterintuitive, indicating that glare rates should be considered in energy consumption assessments.

Further research should include the comparison of this methodology with real operating conditions, especially regarding the behavior of real occupants.