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OpenNESS and urban/nature- based solutions · PDF file OpenNESS and urban/nature-based solutions Leena Kopperoinen Finnish Environment Institute SYKE High-Level Conference on Mapping

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  • OpenNESS and urban/nature- based solutions

    Leena Kopperoinen

    Finnish Environment Institute SYKE

    High-Level Conference on Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services (MAES) in Europe

    Brussels, 22 May 2014

  • OpenNESS -

    Operationalisation of natural capital and

    ecosystem services: from concepts to real-

    world applications

    • EU FP7 project, from December 2012 to May 2017

    • EU contribution: 9 M€

    • Coordinated by Finnish Environment Institute SYKE

    • Multinational, transdisciplinary consortium of 35 partners

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    Objectives of OpenNESS

    ● Conceptual understanding of ecosystem services and natural capital

    ● Operational frameworks for application of the concepts in real-world situations

    ● How existing and forthcoming EU regulatory frameworks can enhance or restore the benefits derived from ecosystem services and natural capital

    ● Approaches for mapping and modeling

    ● Development of hybrid methodologies that address trade-offs, synergies, and conflicting interests and values in the use of ecosystem services

    ● Application of the concepts and methods to concrete, place-based case studies in a range of social-ecological systems

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    Urban case study cluster

    27 case studies in OpenNESS : five related to urban environment

    • Barcelona case study, Spain: Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona UAB

    • Oslo case study, Norway: Stiftelsen Norsk Institutt for Naturforskning NINA and VISTA Analyse AS

    • Sibbesborg case study, Finland: University of Helsinki and Finnish Environment Institute SYKE

    • Trnava case study, Slovakia: Institute of Landscape Ecology of the Slovak Academy of Sciences & REGIOPLAN

    • Vitoria-Gasteiz case study, Spain: Fundacion Tecnalia Research & Innovation

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    The objective of OpenNESS urban case studies

    • Real-world testing of the ecosystem service approach in relevant urban policy and management situations

    • Continuous collaborative work with local and regional stakeholders

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    Ecosystem services from

    Green Infrastructure (GI)

    Strategically planned network

    Natural, semi-natural & artificial features

    Multifunctional areas providing and sustaining various ecosystem services

    Green and blue (and white) areas and small vegetative areas regardless of land use plans and land ownership

    Strengthening the preservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services especially outside designated conservation areas

    • EC strategy and Communicae (COM/2013/0249) on GI

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  • Barcelona (Spain)

    Barcelona municipal boundaries

    Other muncipal boundaries

    Urban fabric and other artificial land covers

    Road and rail network and associated land

    Green urban areas

    Agricultural land

    Forests, scrubland, meadows and wetlands

    Water bodies

    Regional scale (Metropolitan region)

    Local scale (Municipality)

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  • Barcelona 2

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  • Oslo (Norway)

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    Sibbesborg (Finland) • A large-scale urban development

    project

    • Purpose: to develop current peri- urban area into a new town of

    70,000-100,000 inhabitants

    • About 30 km east of Helsinki, the capital of Finland

    • The planning project responds to the population growth and development pressures of the Helsinki metropolitan area

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    Maps and photo: Municipality of Sipoo

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    Sibbesborg

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    Photo: Leena Kopperoinen

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  • Type Description of activity

    Form of the interaction

    (number of actions so

    far)

    CAB: 10 persons (Ministry of

    Environment, regional and local

    government, universities, NGO,

    private sector)

    methodological consultation,

    comments on the documents and

    the preliminary results,

    consultation on working process

    Individual consultation

    (3), Workshop (2)

    Key stakeholders: ca 20 persons

    (authorities responsible for

    management, organisations for

    research, education and planning)

    feedbacks on the documents,

    methods and the preliminary

    results

    Workshop (2)

    Other stakeholders: representatives

    of municipalities in the area

    consulting-information activities

    Questionnaires and

    individual interviews (3)

    Other stakeholders: scientists,

    students, planners, NGO, public,

    etc.

    voluntary consulting, educational

    activity

    Individual consultation,

    presentation

    PARTICIPATORY APPROACHES

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  • 1. Salburua Peri-Urban Park (Natura 2000) 2. Antonio Machado Park 2b. Salinillas de Buradón Park 3. North- South connector. Old railway Basque Navarro

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  • • Knowledge on natural values plus areas and features providing ecosystem services -> Mapping is a powerful

    tool

    • Involvement of local stakeholders

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    Conclusions

    • Sectoral collaboration

    • Comprehension of

    multifunctionality of green and blue infrastructure

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    Photos: Leena Kopperoinen

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    Take home messages

    • Adoption of the holistic ecosystem service approach unifies all sectors of urban governance

    • Mapping of ecosystem services based on good quality data and reliable methods provides essential information on the multi-functionality of green and blue infrastructure in urban areas

    These

    create basis for nature-based solutions that bring cross-sectoral benefits, including social, physical and mental well-being, adaptability to climate change, avoidance of both grey infrastructure costs and damage costs, etc.

    provide an opportunity to better achieve the ecological, social and economic sustainability goals in land use planning

    enhance urban resilience when confronting diverse pressure

    thus provide arguments for wise decision-making.

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