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OARS Annual Report FY2008

Apr 06, 2016

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Academic grants and contracts for Miami University July 1, 2007-June 30, 2008

  • Article Title

    Undergraduate Research Perspectives

    Annual Report July 2008

    Providing Enriching Opportunities for Students, Faculty, Staff, Ohio, and the Nation

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  • 2Associate Provosts Perspective

    OARSOffice for Advancement of Research and Scholarship

    P: 513-529-3600

    102 Roudebush Hall

    www.muohio.edu/oars

    Contact Information

    OARSOffice for Advancement of Research and Scholarship

    P: 513-529-3600

    102 Roudebush Hall

    www.muohio.edu/oars

    Contact Information

    by Bruce J. Cochrane, Asssociate Provost for Research and Scholarship

    Miami University has a strong tradition of excellence in undergraduate education and selective graduate programs. Long before it was fashionable, we embraced the Students as Scholars model of education. President David Hodge has emphasized the importance of this model and has challenged the University to meet the needs of the State and the Nation by increasing the role of inquiry-based activities both within and outside of the classroom setting. As part of their role at the university and in their professions, faculty and staff are challenged to conduct research and scholarly activities to discover new knowledge and provide technology for the benefit of humans and the natural world.

    Meeting these challenges requires that we seek sources of funding external to the university. These extra funds create opportunities that allow Miami University to provide resources to support the Students as Scholars model, that allow Miami to recruit and retain outstanding faculty, and that enhance the national reputation of Miami University.

    Since 2003, the University community has met the challenge, increasing annual external funding from approximately $11 million to over $27 million. Over the same period, income from royalties and licenses has doubled. Given the flow of ideas and projects being developed, we anticipate that this trend will continue. I congratulate all faculty and staff, who through their efforts, made this increase possible.

    Much of the credit for these increased opportunities belongs to Dr. Gilbert E. Pacey, who completed his term as Associate Dean for Research and Scholarship at Miami University at the end of June 2008. It is no exaggeration to say that he helped foster a transformation of the research endeavor at Miami, and his vision, energy, and passion for Miami are second to none. I came to Miami with the strong belief that the future of research at Miami is a bright one. In the year I have been here, I have seen nothing that has shaken that belief. Dr. Pacey has been instrumental in facilitating the basis for that future.

    I am extremely pleased that Dr. Jim Oris has agreed to assume the role of Associate Dean for Research and Scholarship. Jim is a 22 year veteran of the Department of Zoology, where he currently holds the rank of Professor. Jim is an internationally known environmental toxicologist, who has published widely and has received extensive grant funding from the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, and the Environmental Protection Agency. For the past five years he has served Miami as the chair of the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee. I have every confidence that, under his guidance, the Office of Research and Scholarship will continue to flourish.

    We are proud of our tradition of combining strong liberal education goals with outstanding research and scholarly activities. This annual report highlights our activities over the past year. We had a great year, and we expect to have more years of growth in opportunities for Students as Scholars through these extramural sources of funds.

    Sincerely,

    Bruce J. Cochrane, Ph.D.Associate Provost for Research and Scholarship

  • 3Table of Contents

    Message from Bruce J. Cochrane, Associate Provost for Research and Scholarship ...................................................................... 2

    Table of Contents .............................................................................................................................................................................. 3

    Faculty Research Perspectives

    Miami University Receives Five Year USDE Grant Award Focusing on Preparing Ohio Teachers to Work with English Language Learners in Mainstream Classrooms .......................................................... 4

    Ohio Local Government at the Crossroads: the Center for Public Management and Regional Affairs Partners with the Ohio Township Association .............................................................................................. 6

    Nanotechnology Improving Fuel Cell Performance ................................................................................................................ 8

    Center for School-Based Mental Health Programs (CSBMHP) ............................................................................................. 10

    Miami Gains Major National Science Foundation Funding In STEM Education ................................................................ 12

    Summary External Grants ..................................................................................................................................................... 15

    Table I Academic Grants and Contracts, By Funding Source .......................................................................................... 16

    Table II Academic Grants and Contracts by Organizational Unit and Principle Investigator .................................................................................................................................... 18

    Table III Miami University Faculty, Staff, and Students Submitting Proposals ................................................................. 51

    Table IV Undergraduate Research Awards, Round 1 .......................................................................................................... 55

    Table IV Undergraduate Research Awards, Round 2 .......................................................................................................... 58

    Table V Undergraduate Summer Scholar Awards ............................................................................................................. 60

    Undergraduate Research Perspectives

    Students Embrace Undergraduate Research at Miami University ........................................................................................ 67

    Miami Universitys Interdisciplinary Technology Development Challenge Creates Student Scholars ...................................................................................................................................... 68

    Senior Engineering Elevator Project Lifts Student Research and Design to New Heights ............................................................................................................................................................ 71

    Student Perspectives on the Value of Undergraduate Research at Miami UniversityApril 2008 Research Forum Speaker, Mary Lewis .................................................................................................................. 74 Alumnus Perspective, Lauren Sarringhaus ........................................................................................................................... 74

    Office for the Advancement of Research and Scholarship Staff .................................................................................................... 75

  • 4Faculty Research Perspectives

    The U.S. Department of Educations Office of English Language Acquisition (OELA) recently awarded Miami Universitys School of Education and Allied Professions (EAP), $1.5 million for a five-year project entitled ESOL MIAMI (English for Speakers of Other Languages Mentoring Initiative for Academics and Methods Infusion).

    The ESOL MIAMI project, a collaborative partnership among higher education faculty, public schools and the Ohio Department of Education, is led by co-principal investigators Kouider Mokhtari, John W. Heckert Endowed Professor of Reading & Writing within the Department of Teacher Education at Miami; Carine Feyten, EHS Dean at Miami; Joyce Nutta, Associate Professor and ESOL coordinator at the University of Central Florida.

    The overall goal of this grant project is to improve the preparation of teachers who work with English language learners. The project was initiated in response to the rapidly increasing number of English language learners (ELLs) in the U.S. and in the State of Ohio, as well as the need for mainstream teachers who are qualified to teach English language learners, said Mokhtari, co-principal investigator.

    Presently, the U.S. population is diverse, with nearly 20% of children and adults speaking a native language other than English. Many of these children and adults are in mainstream classrooms. A recently completed national study of school effectiveness for language minority students academic achievement by the Center for Research on Education, Diversity and Excellence (CREDE) indicates that nearly 4.6 million English language learners were served by U.S. K-12 educational system in the years 2000-2001 (Kindler, 2002). By the year 2030, CREDE researchers estimate that language minority students are expected to comprise nearly 40% of the school-aged population in the U.S. (Thomas & Collier, 2002).

    In addition, the State of Ohio, like many other states, has seen increases in English language learners in both rural and urban schoo