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NOW THEN MARCH Serving Southeastern Ohio I N LIKE A LION – OUT LIKE A LAMB March 2016 Secrets of the Sanborn Fire Maps 1886-1949 Also inside... “What is a Power of Attorney?”

Now & Then Magazine

Jul 25, 2016



March 2016
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    Serving Southeastern Ohio

    In LIke a LIon out LIke a Lamb

    March 2016

    Secrets of

    the Sanborn

    Fire Maps


    Also inside...What is a Power

    of Attorney?


    1225 Woodlawn Ave Suite 104 Cambridge

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  • N&T 1

    ON THE COVER08 Secrets of the Sanborn Fire Maps1886-1949

    24 Recipes


    Greenhouses Cultivate Spring Gardening Fever12

    Sudoku Puzzle3016 Tips for Grandparents Helping to Raise Children14 In Like a Lion Out Like a Lamb

    Health:Eating Right Can Improve Quality of Life06

    Gardening:Growing Tomatoes in High Tunnels28

    What is a Power of Attorney04



    Crossword Puzzle18Living in a Musical World20Car Tips:Stay Safe When Driving in Wet Weather22

    Business Directory32Whacky Holidays34Health:How to Bake Healthier Treats38Events for Seniors40


  • N&T 2



    A Division of Dix Communications

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    Welcome to "NOW & THEN, a free monthly publication designed for mature readers in the southeastern Ohio region- Guernsey, Muskingum, Belmont, Tuscarawas, Noble and Harrison counties area! For information

    about submitting articles or giving us suggestions, call 800-686-2958 ext. 1668. We look forward to hearing from you!


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  • N&T 3





    If youre suffering from lumbar disc or neuropathy, you must read about this non-surgical treatment...

    Lower Back Pain Secrets Revealed ...Find Out What The Drug Companies Dont Want You To Know!


    If you suffer from the following conditionsSciatica

    Disc degenerationLower back pain/neck pain

    Numbness and burning in the legs and feetRadiating hip pain


    there may be hope. Now, a local doctor has what may be the most important treatment in helping these conditions.If You Read Nothing Else, Read This:

    Millions of Americans suffer from lumbar disc pain and sciatica. Sciatica is a compression of the sciatic nerve, usually by an L4 or L5 disc herniation or degeneration. As you know, sciatica can be a very painful problem, even crippling at times. This painful condition interferes with your bodys ability to transmit messages to your muscles, skin, joints, or internal organs. If ignored or mistreated, these problems can lead to irreversible health conditions. Why not get help by those trained to correct the major cause of disc pain and sciatica. Read the full facts on this page.

    Finally, theres a treatment to conquer back and leg pain without dangerous medications or painful surgery. Nothings worse than feeling great mentally but physically feeling held back from life because you hurt and the pain just wont go away! Sure, you can numb the pain if you take enough Vicodin, Soma or some other pill, but the real problem is while you make it through the day all numbed up, you are likely making your problem even worsewithout knowing it.No matter where you are with back pain, whether youre having unrelenting foot pain and facing surgery or you just injured it yesterday, a treatment called low level laser therapy may be the answer for you. Two landmark studies have proven the effectiveness of cold lasers. The first study showed patients who used the laser therapy had less pain and more range of motion days after treatment. If the laser therapy can help these patients, it can help you too. These second study showed that patients who had laser

    therapy had 53% better improvement than those who just had a placebo.Are you suffering from sciatica or back pain? If so, relief may be easier than you think.

    Could This Non-Invasive Treatment Eliminate Your Back and Sciatica Pain?

    My name is Dr. Russ Schroder, Clinic Director at the D-C Chiropractic Neurology Center in Zanesville. I understand what it feels like to live in pain, because I see it everyday. Ive seen hundreds of people with back pain, numbness, and foot pain leave the office pain free. This is why for 10 days only, Im running a very special offer where you can find out if you are a candidate for cold laser. What these studies mean is that you could soon be enjoying lifewithout those aggravating nerve problems. Its time for you to find out if this will be your back pain and sciatica solution.How Much Does It Cost? For 10 days only, $45 will get you all the services I normally charge new patients $245 for!*What does this offer include? Everything. Take a look at what you will receive:An in-depth consultation about your health and well-being where I will listenreally listento the details of your case.A consultation with Dr. Russ Schroder, D.C., D.A.C.N.B., F.A.C.F.N. -Board Certified Chiropractic Neurologists and Functional Neurologist, & Chiropractor to discuss your questions you may have.A complete back/neck/nerve pain qualification case history and questionnaire to help determine if you are a candidate.A thorough Neurological ExamA Free follow-up consultation, If you qualify for our program and what your options are.*Excludes further testing or treatment.

    Heres what to do now: Call 740-454-1747 and tell one of my Special Assistants that you want a Cold Laser Decompression Qualification Evaluation. If you call in the next 10 days, you will be eligible to receive all the above for only $45. The normal cost is $245. Due to the expected demand, it is suggested to call at once. Any delay could lead to being placed on a waiting list and paying full-price.Youll get to see everything first hand and find out if this painless treatment will be your back pain and sciatica solution, like it has been for so many other patients. And the good news is, most patients respond quickly to laser treatments. Our office is located on the corner of 3rd and Main Streets in downtown Zanesville. When you call, tell my Special Assistant youd like to come in for the Cold Laser Decompression Evaluation so she can make sure you receive proper credit for this special offer. Sincerely, Dr. Russ Schroder D.C.D.A.C.N.B., F.A.C.F.N. The quickest and easiest way to discover if cold laser relief program will be the answer to your back, neck or nerve pain like it has been for hundreds of patients just like youis to callRight now!The number is 740-454-1747

    Heres what patients are saying about us: My name is Steve Vincent, and I am a Zanesville City Firefighter. You may see the fireworks I put on downtown or hear my voice at the cake auction each year. As you can imagine, 2 out of the 3 are physically demanding. Ive got to admit that I may have been a surgical statistic this year if it werent for Dr. Russ. Ive had back problems for a decade now, but in the past couple of years it was getting noticeably worse. I had Chiropractic care before that had helped for a while. I bought a home inversion table that stretched me. I exercised, rested, iced, and heated my low-back, but it was quickly worsening on a much more consistent basis. I even crunched down vitamins and herbs to help the pain, but nothing was giving me consistent or lasting relief. I consulted with a couple surgeons this past year, and I was starting to think that surgery might be my next/ last option. Then I read Dr. Russ had a new DRX machine put in this year that gets miraculous results with herniated and bulging discs. Since I had already checked out the other so-called alternatives to decompression, I chose the DRX9000 and his office because he explained to me exactly what the treatments did and how they were the saf-est, least invasive, and most effective choice available. And Im here today to tell you that even two months af-ter my treatment plan is done my back feels ten years younger! Its been feeling this good since halfway through my program and I havent looked back.

    Hi, my name is Loretta and I drive two hours, one way to visit Dr. Russ. I have had three major back surger-ies, resulting in 3 fusions, one in my neck and two in my lower back. Ive had increasing pain since 2004 and I finally had another MRI in September, which resulted in four doctors telling me I needed more surgeries. I had three bulges in my neck and one in my lower back. I actually made an appointment with the surgeon and in the meantime while I was waiting for the day of my appointment, a friend gave me Dr. Russs ad from the paper. I came to see him and he told me he could help me. I went home and cancelled my appointment and then started my treatments up here. After six treatments on the DRX9000 machine, I was able to go out and shop without having to look for a bench every 15 minutes. I then went home and worked for three and a half hours at home and I had no back pain in my lower back. After four more treat-ments I started noticing less pain in my neck and shoulders, and now I can happily say Im practically pain free. I have one more treatment and then I will be done. I cant say enough about Dr. Russ and his wonderful staff. Theyre very knowledgeable and very friendly. I would highly recommend to anybody having debilitating pain, or have been told they need surgery to come and see them, theyre wonderful!-- Loretta Doll

    My name is Melissa. Im 39 years old and I have Disc degeneration. I hurt my lower back when I was a teen-ager and have had pain in my lower back for many years off and on. The past two years Ive really been in a lot of pain. Ive tried therapy, pain shots and all kinds of pain pills. They didnt work. I spent a lot of my time in bed or on the couch. Many days I couldnt work or get out of bed. I didnt know what else to try. Then my friend told me that she had the same problem and told me about the DRX9000. I thought Why not try it? So I went to Dr. Russ office and started treatments and after the third one I could feel the difference and by my last treatment I was pain free. The treatments are painless and so relaxing. Dr. Russ and staff are great. They explained everything about my treatment and made me feel comfortable. I am now back to my normal, everyday routine. Thanks again Dr. Russ and Staff. You have changed my life greatly. God Bless.

  • N&T 4

    Attorney Frank A. McClure, Esq., A.E.P.Frank A. McClure & Associates, 1009 Steubenville Ave, Cambridge, Ohio 43725Phone: (740) 432-7844 Fax: (740);

    Submitted by ATTORNEy FRANK A. MCCLURE, ESQ., A.E.P.


    One of the confusing things within the estate planning field is that clients do not understand the different types of Powers Of Attorney which they can use in their estate planning. The one I will address in this article a Financial Power-of-Attorney. It may also be called a Business Power-of-Attorney. This document is not to be confused with the Power of Attorney for Health Care which is a totally different document with a totally different purpose.

    What is a Power-of-Attorney (POA)? Simply stated a POA is a written document in which the

    maker (called the principal) appoints someone (called the agent or attorney-in-fact) to act on their behalf. The document allows your agent to do any legal act you give your agent the power to do, as set forth in your document.

    What are the different types of Powers-of-Appointment? POAs can differ depending on when the powers begin and

    end, and by how much responsibility you want to give to your


    When the POA takes effect has to do with its type. Here are a couple examples of when they are effective:

    A Conventional POA takes effect when it is signed and continues until you become mentally incapacitated.

    A Durable POA also takes effect when it is signed, but it stays in effect for your lifetime, unless you cancel it. This type of POA has language in it stating that you want your agents power to stay in effect even if you become mentally incapacitated. This type of document is what most people are concerned with (mental disability) when they ask to have a POA drafted.

    A Springing POA takes effect only when a specific event happens, such as when you become mentally incapacitated. It is therefore important that the principals attorney carefully draft a Springing POA to avoid any difficulty in determining exactly when the springing event has happened.

    It is important to remember that ALL POAs come to an end at your death! The agent after your death has no power to make any decisions after the principals death.


    You as the principal can select the responsibilities, or powers that you want to give to your agent. You as the principal can specify a narrow or wide range of acts that you wish the agent to be able to do for you(this is called a special or limited POA) or you can give the agent the authority to do any legal act that

    What is This Document Known as a Financial



  • N&T 5

    you could have done(which is known as a General POA). The POA should be designed to fit your anticipated needs.

    Are there any risks associated with a POA? Most of the risks can be reduced by taking extreme care in

    choosing the agent. It is important to choose someone that you trust completely! Further, it is important that the person that is chosen is capable of making the decisions and doing the job that you are asking them to do.

    It is important to remember, that under most General POA, you have given your agent a blank check, to do anything that you would have been able to do, for yourself. This means sell your house; change your bank accounts, etc.

    The Financial POA, as with all estate planning documents, is a valuable tool. It is really a valuable tool when used in the proper manner and drafted by an attorney who has spent the time determining your needs and your circumstances. If you would like more information about this topic or about estate planning, please contact or office or go to our website at



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  • N&T 6


    Legend states that on April 2, 1513, Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Len was the first European to discover modern-day Florida when he traveled on a quest for the mythical Fountain of Youth. While modern science has proven that there is no mystical fountain or body of water that can reverse or slow down the aging process, there are many steps people can take to age well and prolong their lives. Eating the right foods is one way to age well. According to

    Ralph Felder, M.D., Ph.D., coauthor of The Bonus Years Diet, reversing the aging process internally is more difficult than outward cosmetic changes. But the right foods can go a long way toward increasing both life expectancy and quality of life. Those who want to employ diet to increase their life expectancy may want to start adding more of the following foods to their breakfast, lunch and dinner plates. Broccoli, grapes and salad: According to Health magazine,

    researchers have found that compounds in these three foods boast extra life-extending benefits. Berries: In addition to their abundance of antioxidants,

    berries have other benefits. A 2012 study from Harvard University found that at least one serving of blueberries or two servings of strawberries each week may reduce the risk of cognitive decline in older adults. Fruits and vegetables: Produce is good for the body because

    its low in calories and high in fiber, vitamins and other nutrients. Numerous studies have indicated that diets plentiful in fruits and vegetables help people maintain a healthy weight and protect against cardiovascular disease. Whole grains: Whole grains pack a lot of nutrition into a low-

    calorie food. Whole grains help protect against type 2 diabetes, and researchers at the University of Texas Health Sciences Center found study participants whose diets included plenty of whole grains and fruit cut their heart disease risk by almost half compared to those whose diets favored meat and fatty foods. Red wine: A glass a day for women and no more than two

    glasses daily for men can be beneficial. Moderate consumption of red wine has been shown to slow age-related declines in cardiovascular function, according to the American Heart Association. Fiber: Increase your fiber intake for a longer life. Research

    from The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition finds that the more fiber you include in your diet, the lower your risk of coronary heart disease. The daily recommendation is 25 to 35 grams.While there may be no such thing as the fountain of youth, a

    healthy diet can help men and women prolong their lives.

    Eating right can improve quality of life

    Berries and whole grains are nutritious foods that can help men and women live longer, healthier lives.


  • N&T 7

    No one wants to hear from their doctors that they have joined the millions of people across the globe to be diagnosed with heart disease. The Heart Foundation reports that heart disease, which includes diseases of the heart and cardiovascular system and stroke, is the No. 1 cause of death in the United States, affecting both men and women and most racial/ethnic groups. Heart disease also is one of the leading causes of death in Canada, claiming more than 33,000 lives per year.Many factors contribute to the development of heart disease,

    including smoking, lack of exercise and stress. Diet and whether a person is overweight or obese also can have a direct link to heart health. Diet, particularly for those with diabetes and poorly controlled blood sugar levels, is a major concern.A variety of foods are considered helpful for maintaining

    a strong and healthy heart and cardiovascular system, while others can contribute to conditions that may eventually lead to cardiovascular disease or cardiac arrest. Moderation enables a person to sample a little of everything, but not to make any one food a habit. The following are some foods to promote heart health and some foods you might want to avoid.

    Good Tree nuts: Tree nuts contain unsaturated fats that can help

    lower LDL cholesterol (the bad stuff) and improve HDL (the good stuff). Nuts also are a filling source of protein and other healthy nutrients. Whole grains: Whole grains contain complex carbohydrates

    for energy, as well as protein and fiber. Fiber can help scrub cholesterol from the blood, lowering bad cholesterol levels. Fatty fish: Many cold-water, fatty fish, such as halibut,

    herring and salmon, contain omega-3 fatty acids, which are heart-healthy. Omega-3s also can be found in walnuts, flaxseed and some soy products. Beans: Beans and other legumes are an excellent source of

    protein and can be a stand-in for meats that are high in saturated fat. Beans also contain cholesterol-lowering soluble fiber and folate, which can reduce blood homocystein levels. The Bean Institute reports that consuming beans may reduce cholesterol levels by roughly six to 10 percent. Yogurt: Researchers in Japan found yogurt may protect

    against gum disease. Left untreated, gum disease may elevate a persons risk for heart disease. Yogurt contains good bacteria that can counteract bad bacteria and boost immunity.

    Raisins: Raisins contain antioxidants that may help reduce inflammation. Inflammation is often linked to heart disease and other debilitating conditions. Fresh produce also is a good source of antioxidants.

    Poor Fried foods: Many fried foods have little nutritional value, as

    they tend to be high in saturated and trans fats. French fries are particularly bad because they are carbohydrates fried and then doused in salt. Sausage: Processed meats have frequently earned a bad

    reputation among cardiologists, but sausage can be a big offender, due in large part to its high saturated fat content. Red meats: Enjoying a steak is probably not as bad as eating

    a deep-fried brownie, but its best to limit red meat consumption to about 10 percent or less of your diet. Red meats can have a considerable amount of cholesterol, saturated fat and calories. Added sugars: Sugar can increase blood pressure and

    triglyceride levels. Sugar often hides out in foods that you would not associate with the sweetener. Plus, many people unwittingly consume too much sugar simply through sugar-sweetened beverages and ready-to-eat cereals. Salty foods: Leave the salt shaker in the spice cabinet and opt

    for herbs for flavoring, advises the American Heart Association. High-sodium diets often are to blame for hypertension, a major risk factor for heart disease. Dairy: Artery-clogging saturated fat also can be found in

    dairy products, particularly the full-fat versions. Butter, sour cream and milk can be problematic when people overindulge. Opt for low-fat dairy when possible.


    Continuing to uphold and carry on a tradition that Russell Booth started in 1958.I am practicing law in the same spirit. It is my promise to respect your fi nances, needs, and confi dence, to give back to local charitable organizations with my time, resources, and expertise, and to be courteous and polite to those parties and attorneys that I may oppose.

    I look forward to helping with your legal needs in the community that Russell Booth loved.

    Joel Blue



    (740) 432-3281WWW.BLUELAWLLC.COM

    Estates, Wills, & Trusts Guardianships Juvenile Law Oil & Gas Real Estate Small Business


  • N&T 8

    Story by RICK BOOTH

    SecretS of the Sanborn fire MapS, 1886-1949"Population 3500, 1 Steam and No Hand Engines, No Independent Hose Carts,

    Water Facilities: NOT GOOD" 1886 Sanborn Map description of Cambridge, Ohio

    A decade or two ago, if you asked anyone to name a major map company, the most likely response might have been "Rand McNally." Today, people are just as likely to mention Google Maps. But a hundred years

    ago and more, there was a most remarkable and somewhat obscure specialty map company that charted nearly all major cities in America 12,000 of them in excruciating detail down to the level of every building's dimensions, contents, and construction. They revisited and revised their mappings usually about every five to ten years. The Sanborn Map Company was in the business of making maps of cities to be sold to fire insurance companies so that they could estimate fire hazard


    risks to buildings within their city contexts without having to send an agent to check out sites in person. Not many people actually got to see or use the maps back then because they were expensive and rarely were purchased by any but insurance industry specialists. Yet today these maps collectively make up the single most complete record of American cities' business and industrial district histories and growth. Fortunately, most of the maps are available today on the Internet for free, and the details they reveal are fascinating!In Guernsey County, Cambridge was mapped nine times

    from 1886 to 1949. Byesville, Cumberland, and Pleasant City were each mapped four times within that period as well. And just next door in Muskingum County, New Concord was



  • N&T 9

    Wheeling Ave. at 7th St. in Cambridge, 1892Town businesses were well marked with details on the

    earliest Sanborn maps. At the northwest corner of Wheeling Avenue and Seventh Street in Cambridge in 1892, for instance, map markings indicate the corner building held a clothing store on its first floor, the Western Union Telegraph office on its second, and a meeting hall on the third floor. Next door, at 651 Wheeling Avenue, there was a Chinese laundry in the basement, below the post office. The Guernsey Times newspaper was printed on the second floor. And on the third floor above the bank beside the post office, there was a photography studio. There was a saloon in the basement below the drug store beside the bank. The Lyndon Hotel area was next down the block, with a barber shop conveniently located next to its office front.Buildings drawn with an 'X' pattern on top of them

    represented stables for horses. John Boyd's livery stable fronted on Seventh Street, and the Lyndon Hotel also had its own place to park one's horse in a building on the alley behind the hotel. All of downtown Cambridge is mapped in similar detail on the Sanborn maps. They present a picture of a vibrant young city alive with business.

    Wheeling Ave. at 7th St. in Cambridge, 1897A view of the same block on Wheeling Avenue five years

    later looks markedly different and much emptier. Why? Fire. One of the worst conflagrations in the history of Cambridge roared through this block in 1895. A few buildings survived, but much of the area had not yet been rebuilt by map revision time. It is possible even that the livery stable shown in 1897 is a rebuilt building, next to a saloon and restaurant which also may have been constructed after the fire. The Lyndon Hotel and its stable perished.

    Pleasant City's Johnson Bros. Flour Mill, 1905Working mills and factories were often explained in detail on

    the maps. In 1905 in Pleasant City, the Johnson Brothers Flour Mill was described as being able to grind out 35 barrels of flour a day. Built in 1879 and rebuilt in 1886, the mill used coal and natural gas as fuels, and likely also water power from Wills Creek, from which it also drew its water supply. On the mill's first floor, it had a stone grinding wheel, a "flour packer," and three "double set rolls," which apparently referred to roller mill apparatus, an alternative to stone grinding. The second floor had seven "hexagon


    mapped twice. Herewith are some of the stories the maps tell:

    New Concord's cover sheet, 1918The maps were produced as multi-sheet sets, each sheet

    being about two feet wide by two and a half feet tall, at a scale of 50 feet per inch. The first sheet would contain a general description of town conditions and a global overview map of the town. New Concord in 1918 was described as having rolling streets with no heavy grades. Some were paved with brick or concrete. The town had electric lights but no organized fire company. Heating fuel was primarily coal and wood. An electric Deming brand pump could raise up to 200,000 gallons of water a day from a town well to a 171,000-gallon reservoir about 200 feet higher than the town, providing 90-pound pressure in two miles of water mains. Prevailing winds came from the west, which was important to know to guess which way fires would spread.



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  • N&T 10

    reels," a round reel, a neal bolt, a bran packer, and a wheat cleaner. The third floor had two "scalpers," a purifier, a smutter, a separator, and a dust collector. The maps' descriptions of businesses can send one reaching for a thesaurus of industrial jargon pretty quickly!

    Byesville's intersection of Main and 2nd St., 1905The first fire map of Byesville was made in 1905. Today's

    Byesville Museum was a bank then, across the street from a drug store, a china boutique, a vacant storefront, a dry goods

    ("D.G.") store, and a cigar shop. Across in a different direction was a general hardware store. A "fire cistern" holding water for emergencies lay beneath the street near the hardware store. This may have reduced the store's fire insurance rate. Two private homes shown were marked "D" for "Dwelling." A doctor's office and barber shop also appear on the map.

    Buildings in Cumberland, 1895

    Today, the Independent Order of Oddfellows (I.O.O.F.) is almost a forgotten fraternal and service organization, though a few chapters in the U.S. still exist. But in the late 1800s, nearly every town of significant size had an Oddfellows Hall. Locally, they may have been even more widespread than the Masons. Little Cumberland apparently had its I.O.O.F.

    hall above a grocery store, but in the same building with the Masons' hall, which in turn sat above the general Town Hall. A few doors away, past two private homes and hardware and furniture stores, was the Eagle Hotel which, like the Lyndon in Cambridge, had its own stable for its guests' horses out back.

    The Cambridge C&M Railroad Roundhouse, 1886Occasionally one finds a particularly fine and unexpected treat

    on the old maps. In 1886, for instance, the north-south Cleveland and Marietta Railroad had its maintenance shops in Cambridge.

    The old turntable and seven-bay roundhouse for servicing smoke-belching steam engines is clearly sketched out on the old Sanborn, complete with a water hydrant at each engine bay. It sat on the site of today's Guernsey County Law Enforcement Center, roughly where the county jail is now.

    The horse turnstile at McIlyar's Brick Yard, 1886Though the iron horse had come to Cambridge in a big way

    by 1886, there are reminders on the map that the horse itself was still a very important beast of burden. At McIlyar's Brick Yard, for instance, across the B&O tracks from Third Street, there is a curious circle marked "Clay Grinding Horse Power."

    Here horses worked a turnstile to grind clay for bricks. A few blocks away, other horses worked another turnstile for the city's sausage factory.

    All it takes to browse the Sanborn Maps of Ohio cities on the Internet is a local public library card number to validate access to the Ohio Public Library Information Network. To take the leap back in time, just go to and login. Historical treasures there abound!


  • N&T 11



  • N&T 12

    GreenhouSeS cultivate SprinG GardeninG fever

    Story & Photos by BEvERLy KERR

    Spring Fever hits many adults this time of year. Thoughts of vegetable and flower gardens have anxious gardeners searching seed catalogs and starting seeds of their favorite plants indoors. But not everyone has the time or patience to carry out this slow process.That's where greenhouses come into the picture. Greenhouse

    exploration seemed the perfect adventure for someone with Spring Fever. After visiting several greenhouses of all sizes, it makes a person ready to plan what flowers they want for their own garden.Some greenhouses begin in February sowing seeds in good

    loose soil filled with air that plant roots need. This special type of soil also holds moisture well, but drains easily so over-watering is unlikely. Extra care is also taken not to give the plants too much fertilizer for then they will grow tall and spindly. Others wait until March to start their seeds.Surprisingly, many of the plants are started in the fall of

    the year from cuttings of healthy mother plants. Succulents, ornamental begonias, and coleus are examples of plants frequently started from cuttings. They cut a branch from a mother plant, and simply place it in good soil, while keeping the correct moisture in the soil. Soon small roots appear.Some plants, however, have patents and they do not permit

    growing new plants from cuttings. To get these new varieties, greenhouse owners have to purchase plants in trays from a supplier, such as Proven Winner. When they arrive they are very small plants, but with a little tender care, they will be ready to re-pot for use in hanging baskets or for sale as individual plants.One greenhouse just recently installed heated floors in the


  • N&T 13

    section where they were doing the seeding and cuttings. By use of a wood burner, it keeps the floor at about 70 degrees, the perfect temperature for these young plants. Others use propane to keep their g r e e n h ou s e at a set temperature, and perhaps a heat mat for young plants. Not every

    place has e c o n om i c a l h e a t i n g available, so they delay potting things until later in March. That is one reason that more greenhouses are now purchasing their small plants in trays of plugs. It just isn't cost effective to heat their greenhouses while they start plants from seed.Of great importance is getting the plants to peak at just

    the right time. That takes perfect timing especially when you are selling the plants. Each greenhouse establishes a weekly schedule for planting so their plants are perfect to fill requests for custom orders in special containers or baskets.Flowers aren't the only thing you'll find at the

    greenhouse. Right now specialty trees that are high risk reside inside a covered, yet cool, greenhouse to keep them shielded from the elements. Fruit trees, magnolias, small shrubs and pines still need extra protection.For those with a passion for gardening, a few are fortunate

    enough to have their own greenhouse. These are often filled with plants from their garden that they want to save from year to year, along with some they want to experiment with. Often they take cuts of their favorites for expansion of a certain flowerbed, or perhaps to give to their friends. Surrounded by her beautiful plants, one lady said, I do it just for fun. It's my hobby. When talking about greenhouses, a unique one visited a

    couple years ago keeps coming to mind. This greenhouse is made of over 1000 plastic pop bottles, which will never need replaced as they don't decompose. This is used year round to start plants and grow food for the family. Solar panels provide heat for this plant haven.People who work with plants enjoy watching things grow.

    When you place a seed or a cutting into the soil, it's a miracle to see them develop into a beautiful plant. The fascination never stops.

    Contact Beverly Kerr at and visit her website at



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    in like a lion and out like a laMb

    Story by COLETTE TAyLOR

    This phrase, when referencing the month of March, seems self-explanatory to those of us living in somewhat Northern climates. March breaks forth with much gusto, harboring win-ter winds and cold temperatures, before eventually mellowing into lovely spring days. While the exact origin of the phrase is difficult to pinpoint, some site religious connotations with Je-sus as the sacrificial lamb or even astrology as Leo is the rising sign coming into March and April, governed by Aries the ram. I, however, am eternally reminded of one of my favorite grade school teachers. Mrs. P was my first grade teacher. I was in a double classroom

    that year and so occasionally switched to work with another teacher but Mrs. P taught most of my subjects. She always had beautiful bulletin board displays. One in particular featured a calendar noting where the days fell for the month, any holidays and was themed for the season. Based on previous displays, I had assumed March would have

    shamrocks for St. Patricks Day. However upon entering the classroom we students were met with a display that depicted a bisected image that we didnt quite understand. On the left side, washed out purple construction paper and on the right a bright blue color. Straddling this was some sort of mystical animal with the powerful hindquarters of a lion and the delicate upper torso and head of a sweet looking lamb. Above it in letters stapled slightly askew it read In Like a Lion and Out Like a Lamb.It wasnt until later that day, as we sat down at our desks to

    do our writing exercise where we always referenced the cal-endar to obtain the correct date that Mrs. P asked if any stu-dents knew what the bulletin board meant. She asked for words wed use to describe a lion and then the same inquiry about a lamb. She used the suggestions from students to explain how the weather in March usually changes from fierce to gentle in the span of four short weeks. Maybe we understood, maybe we didnt; but I still remember it.Moreover, I remember Mrs. P I remember how kind she was,

    not only to me but to all of her students. First grade is rough. There can be tears for no reason, potty accidents, vastly differ-ent learning levels between students and students teasing oth-ers for any of the above. Mrs. P navigated these bumps in the road patiently and always with a reassuring smile. She encour-aged us to like school, learning and each other. While Teacher Appreciation Week is currently celebrated in

    May, when I was a student National Teacher Day was recog-nized in March. Either way it is wonderful that we have an offi-cial day to thank the teachers that inspired us. Ill be thinking of Mrs. P and so many others as the chilling winds of March pave the way into a sunny and warm April.


  • N&T 15


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  • N&T 16

    tipS for GrandparentS helpinG to raiSe children

    As retirement age approaches, many older adults envision themselves downsizing and moving to a quaint community to enjoy their golden years in as relaxing a fashion as possible. However, for a growing number of seniors, their retirement years are being spent helping to raise grandchildren.United States Census data from 2010 indicates 4.9 million

    American children are being raised solely by their grandpar-ents. CanGrads, a National Kinship Support organization, says approximately 62,500 children are being raised by grandparents and other family in Canada. Many grandparents provide part-time care when their older children have to move back home with their families, as roughly 13 million children are now living in homes with their grandparents.Although being raised by grandparents may not be the ideal

    situation for all parties involved, such situations are a necessity for many families. Seniors who are once again thrown into the caregiver arena may need a crash course in childcare or a few pointers on parenting in the modern age. Get the right equipment. Children certainly require a lot of

    gear, more than grandparents likely used when raising their own children. Certain safety requirements are in place to safeguard young children, and that often means investing in new cribs, car seats, high chairs, and other items. Grandparents should resist the temptation to use old items they may have kept in storage, as such items may no longer be safe and could put grandchil-dren at risk for injury. Gather important documents. Grandparents should keep

    pertinent documents in one easily accessible place in their homes should an emergency arise. These include birth certifi-cates, health immunization records, death certificates (if the childs parents are deceased), dental records, school papers, citi-zenship papers, and proof of income and assets. Speak with an attorney. Lawyers can help grandparents

    wade through legal arrangements, such as filing for custody,

    guardianship or adoption. Options vary depending on where petitioners live, but lawyers can provide peace of mind to grandparents concerned about their grandkids futures. Investigate financial assistance. Seniors may not earn the

    income they once did and may be on assistance programs or living off of retirement savings. Grandparents who find them-selves caring for a child may be eligible for financial assistance. The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families is a joint federal and state program that can provide need-based financial assis-tance. The AARP or the organization GrandFamilies may be able to put grandparents in touch with financial advisors in their areas. Contact schools and daycare centers. School-aged children

    will need to be enrolled in school. Grandparents should con-tact the department of education where they live to learn about local school systems, especially when grandkids are moving in with their grandparents. Some grandparents can qualify for free or low-cost daycare, and such programs can be discussed with local Social Services offices. Enrollment in school or daycare can provide grandparents with much-needed free time during the day. Find emotional support. Taking care of grandchildren is a

    full-time job. At times, grandparents may feel stressed or out of sorts. Having a strong support system available can help grand-parents work through the peaks and valleys of this new and unexpected stage in life. Church- or community center-based counseling services may be available. Grandparents also can check with their healthcare providers to determine if counsel-ing or therapy sessions are covered under their plans.Caring for grandchildren is a life-changing event. Although

    it can be fulfilling, it also requires a lot of energy and commit-ment. But grandparents neednt go it alone, as there are nu-merous resources available to seniors who suddenly find them-selves caring for their grandchildren.


  • N&T 17



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    CLUES ACROSS 1. Construct 6. Seal 12. Last from Kent Haruf 16. A public promotion 17. Acutely insightful and wise 18. Yemeni riyal 19. __ Lang (country singer) 20. Blue Hen school 21. Decaliter 22. Point midway between S and E 23. 12th Greek letter 24. One point S of SE 26. Pools 28. Notes of hand 30. Algerian dinar 31. Metal cooking vessel 32. Short poking stroke 34. Mountain Standard Time 35. Dark hairs mixed with light 37. Hosts film festival 39. Frost 40. Former moneys of Brazil 41. Bodily perceptions

    43. Baseball great Ty ___ 44. Before 45. __ Caesar, comedian 47. Containerful 48. Expression of uncertainty 50. Tells on 52. Bones 54. As fast as can be done (abbr.) 56. Singer Jolson 57. Atomic #73 59. Pigeon sound 60. Jrs. father 61. 6th tone 62. Debt settled (abbr.) 63. Contrary 66. Chinese tennis star Na 67. 44th First Lady 70. Methyl phenol 71. Avid applause CLUES DOWN 1. Started growth 2. Biblical Sumerian city 3. Where Alexander defeated Darius III

    4. Something to be borne or conveyed 5. Removed earth 6. Traveled by water 7. Hirobumi __, Japan 8. Antelopes 9. Japanese emigrants offspring 10. For instance 11. T cell glands 12. Acorn trees 13. Burdened 14. Wound deformity 15. Has faith in 25. Title of honor 26. Someone 27. Pouch 29. Comprehensive 31. Separates with an instrument 33. Noble 36. US, Latin America, Canada 38. Snoot 39. About heraldry 41. Angel 42. Female sibling 43. Former OSS 46. Stressed-unstressed-unstressed 47. An imperfectly broken mustang 49. Call out 51. A long scarf 53. Coconut fiber 54. Scene of sports & events 55. Bodily suffering 58. Cloths 60. A way to agitate 64. No seats available 65. Linen liturgical vestment 68. Atomic #103 69. Home screenAnswers on Page 36.


  • N&T 19



    Do You Suffer from these Seven Symptoms of this Often Misdiagnosed Problem?...

    Tens of millions suffer, and often dont know where to turn...Dear friend,The problem is often misdiagnosed, or not diagnosed at all. But, it affects the lives of between 10 and 20 million Americans.This problem can cause:1. Numbness.2. Burning pain.3. Cramping.4. Sharp, electric pain.5. Hurt when you walk.6. Difficulty sleeping from leg/foot discomfort.7. Prickling/tingling feelings.If you suffer from one or more of these prob-lems, you may have peripheral neuropathy. And, if you do, youre not alone.Often, these good people have been frustrat-ed by the traditional care theyve received for these terrible problems, and are still seeking help.These problems can be caused by diabetes, hereditary disorders, inflammation, medi-cations such as cholesterol lowering (statin) drugs, and more.For the past 14 years, Ive studied this class of conditions, collectively known as periph-eral neuropathies. In fact, helping people with these problems has become a primary focus of mine.Its not unusual for me to hear stories from patients whove suffered for years with ter-rible symptoms.For many, they are missing out on the things they love to do. They arent enjoying life as they once did.If that describes you, then perhaps I can help. I practice a multi-pronged attack to these problems.Its a unique program that only about 1,000 doctors worldwide have studied and are cer-tified in.Thats why Ive put together the Neu-ropathy Pain Relief Program for anyone suffering from the symptoms of peripheral neuropathy pain. And, the beautiful thing is that when these health situations are re-solved, people have great improvements in the quality of their lives. In many cases, they finally can live pain free, with peace and joy in their lives again.Im a proud member of Dr. Johnson-trained Functional Neurologists on This gives me a unique set of knowledge and tools that have been tested, researched, and found to be effective.

    Heres what some of your neighbors have to say:Hello, my name is Perry Brown and I am from Macdowell, Kentucky. Ive been to hos-pitals for the last 9 years with neuropathy in my feet and none of them could tell me what caused it or what the cure is. I came to Zanesville here to Dr. Russ Schroder and I didnt think that he was going to be able to do anything either, but Ive been with him for 2 months now and the feeling is coming back in my feet, the color is coming back, the swelling is gone out of them and Ive lost 60 pounds. I am doing real good.I have neuropathy very bad, pains very

    bad, but the sharp pains I have not had this week. Those bad sharp pains (that I had for months and months) are not there. I was able to start walking and I was off my walk-er. Thats pretty good for a week! D. Wag-ner (Marietta) I have had neuropathy in my feet. They were numb for a year, maybe longer. Amaz-ingly, its only been three weeks and I told my wife this morning I can feel things in my feet that I hadnt felt Ken, Zanesville

    Innovative care - Powerful results

    You cant have nerve pressure or pinched nerves and get better from neuropathy. Us-ing the latest in technology, I offer non-in-vasive care. I help patients get well with literally no twisting or popping of their spine because I use patented adjusting in-strumentation that is highly-re-search-ed, lowforce and computerized. When the nerve pressure from the spine is more severe, we use Non-surgical Cold Laser Decompres-sion. This frees the nerves, and the damage caused by old herniated discs or arthritis.

    More about this Unique CareWe also use Low Level Light Therapy (LLLT). Its a newly developed tool thats very safe. This noninvasive healing light has been proven to work wonders on peripheral neuropathy symptoms.Also the Rebuilder which is an electrical nerve stimulator that works to rebuild dam-aged nerves.

    About MeI became Board Certified in Chiropractic Neurology and completed my Fellowship in Functional Neurology in 2011 and have been helping even some of the worst cases of neuropathy since then.At our Neurology Center, our goal is to get the word out to as many people as we can that our Neuropathy Program may be for you!

    Do You Qualify For This New Program?

    When you call and make an appointment, Ill perform a highly-specialized Neuropa-thy ScoringExam of the nerves in the legs and feet to see if we may be able to help. But, please call right away because we can take only the first 15 callers. If you are one of these 15, Ill do this Evaluation and Qualifying Process for only $45. The normal cost is $245. Due to the expected demand, it is suggested to call 740-454-1747 at once. Any delay could lead to being placed on a waiting list and paying full price. Add some peace to your life or the life of someone you love. Call today to make an appointment. We can help you.Thank you,

    Dr. Russ Schroder, D.C.,FACFN, DACNB

    P.S. Does your spouse, family member, or friend suffer from neuropathy? This offer is also available to them, too. You can even come in together. Their lack of health affects your life also. Maybe this will be your chance to really give them the help they need.P.P.S. If you want more information, come in and fill out a preliminary Subjective Periph-eral Neuropathy Screening Questionnaire, or come by for a FREE REPORT about the Neuropathy Pain Relief Program.*Excludes further testing or treatment.

  • N&T 20

    livinG in a MuSical WorldStory by BEvERLy KERR

    March is the time for Lions to roar - the Cambridge Lions Club, that is. Hear those Lions roar when the 43rd annual Vari-ety Show, "That '70s Show" takes place on March 17 - 19 at the Scottish Rite Auditorium.In the center of all preparation and presentation of the mu-

    sical portion of the show stands one man - Paul Hudson. He directs the chorus and band, arranges the music, and conducts practices in a very patient manner, as he clicks his fingers and taps his leg in time to the beat.Add in the factor that the Lions Club thrives on having fun,

    and you can see that even though now retired, Paul's twenty-seven years experience of teaching band comes in very handy to keep practices moving along smoothly. Lucky that Paul also possesses a great sense of humor.But this is just the tip of the iceberg when you talk about Paul

    Hudson. Being a band instructor at John Glenn High School, he can play every instrument - percussion being his favorite, while strings are his challenge. Surprisingly, he has never had any private lessons.In high school, he thought it would be fun to try out for a



  • N&T 21

    musical production, but discovered it was only open to choir members, while he was in the band. Next year Paul became a choir member and when he auditioned for a role in "Sound of Music", won the role of Captain von Trapp - his first singing performance. "I didn't even know I could sing," Paul said with a smile.Paul can also be found as lead percussionist for the South-

    east Ohio Symphony Orchestra, Muskingum Valley Symphonic Winds, and zanesville Memorial Concert Band. In his spare time, he substitutes at area schools.In order to see more of her busy husband, Amy decided to

    take the reins of the Color Guard, which performed with the John Glenn High School Band that Paul was directing. Since band is nearly a year long activity, their vacations were spent at places like Cedar Point, Ontario Canada, and Disney World ac-companied by ninety to two hundred band and choir members

    and several chaperons."It's important that kids experience music to enjoy all their

    life." As a teacher, this musician felt his job was to inspire others to play their favorite instrument.As busy as he is, Paul takes great pride in his musical family.

    His wife Amy is blessed with a beautiful singing voice and par-ticipates in the Lions Club shows. Pauls daughter, Sarah, plays in the symphony and community band in Colorado, while son Matthew, with a background in ballet and music, entertains at Universal Studios in Florida.Paul gets assistance in arranging through a great tool, MIDI.

    Basically, it involves an electronic keyboard with numerous switches hooked to computer software. What Paul plays on the keyboard shows up on the computer screen in musical notation. Hour by hour, he creates all vocal harmony as well as instru-mental accompaniment. MIDI also plays back the arrangement so he can hear exactly what it sounds like. Many revisions are made as Paul is a perfectionist.

    With all this musical ability, it was surprising to learn that mu-sic was only part of his dream as a youngster. Paul wanted to join the Air Force and be a jet pilot, but that dream was shat-tered because 20/20 vision was required.See Paul in action at the Lions Club Variety Show at the Scot-

    tish Rite Auditorium in Cambridge on March 17-19. For the first time, he is going to not only direct but perform. Listen as he plays piano and sings, "The Piano Man", Amy's favorite song.What would he like to do next? Paul still wants to be a pilot,

    but would also enjoy skydiving. Sounds like flying through the air in some manner is still in his dreams. He already flies above most in the world of music.

    Contact Beverly Kerr at and visit her website at


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    Stay safe when driving in wet weatherCAR TIPS

    Drivers must modify their driving habits when weather com-promises their visibility and makes road conditions unsafe. Rain can fall any time of year, but tends to be most problematic in spring. According to the Federal Highway Administration, wet road-ways, and rain in particular, are the main cause of weather-related vehicle crashes. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration notes that, between 2004 and 2013, rain caused 573,784 crashes.To drive safely in the rain and avoid accidents, drivers should follow certain precautions. Maintain windshield wipers. Inspect and, if necessary change windshield wipers regularly to ensure they are working opti-mally. Always test wipers before driving in rainy weather. Turn on lights with wipers. Reduced visibility is a major con-tributor to wet-weather accidents. Drivers views may be ham-pered by falling precipitation and glare from wet roadways.

    Cloudy conditions and fog also compromise visibility. When using windshield wipers, turn on your headlights as well. This makes your vehicle more visible to other motorists and im-proves your own ability to see the road and pedestrians. Recognize changing road conditions. Roadways accumulate oil and engine fluids that can float in rainwater, creating slip-pery road surfaces. This is usually a problem during the first few hours of a rainstorm or in areas that receive little precipitation and then are subjected to downpours. These fluids make rain-soaked roads even more slippery. Slow down, leave more room between vehicles and try driving in the tracks left by vehicles ahead. Reduce speed. The automotive group AAA says hydroplan-ing, when the tires rise up on a film of water, can occur with as little as 112 inch of water on the road. The group goes on to say that tires have to displace a gallon of water per second to keep the rubber meeting the road. Drivers should reduce their



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    speeds to correspond to the amount of water on the roadway. New tires can still lose some contact with the roadway, even at a speed as low as 35 mph. Therefore, reducing speed and avoiding hard braking and turning sharply can help keep the rubber of the tire meeting the road. Rely on the defogger. Use the cars windshield defroster/de-fogger to improve visibility. Turn it on early and keep it on until the rain has stopped and visibility has improved. Recover from a skid. Skids can be frightening, but when skidding, resist any temptation to slam on the breaks. Instead, continue to look and drive in the direction you want to go and slowly ease up on the accelerator. Skip the cruise control. Its important to maintain control over the vehicle in rainy conditions, so avoid using cruise control. Maintain tires. Proper inflation and tire tread levels can im-prove traction. AAA recommends checking tread depth by in-serting a quarter upside down into the tire groove. If you can see above Washingtons head, start shopping for new tires. Check tire pressure on all tires at least once a month. Get an accurate reading when tires are cold and adjust air pressure accordingly. Avoid other distractions. Distracted driving can be hazardous during good road conditions and even more dangerous when visibility and other factors are compromised. Switch phones and other devices off so you can fully focus on the road and other drivers. Rainy weather can contribute to poor driving conditions. Driv-ers should make changes to speed and other factors to make wet weather driving as safe as possible.


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    Cottage Pie Servings: 6Ingredients:

    For the filling:3 tablespoons unsalted butter2 cups diced yellow onion1 cup diced carrot1 cup diced celery3 cloves garlic, minced2 12 pounds ground round2 tablespoons tomato paste2 tablespoons unbleached all-purpose flour14 cup Pinot Noir (or any good dry red wine)2 cups beef broth14 cup Worcestershire sauce4 sprigs fresh thyme1 bay leaf1 12 teaspoons kosher salt12 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper12 cup frozen peas

    For the mashed potatoes:3 12 pounds russet potatoes, peeled and cut into large piecesKosher salt1 14 cups whole milk4 tablespoons unsalted butter34 cup grated sharp white cheddar cheese1 tablespoon minced fresh flat-leaf parsley

    1 teaspoon chopped freshthyme leaves

    Directions:To make the filling:In a Dutch oven, melt the butter over medium-low heat. Add the onion, carrot and celery. Stir to coat the vegetables in butter, cover, and cook, stirring occasionally, for 15 minutes, until soft. Add the garlic and cook for 1 to 2 minutes more. Use a spoon to transfer the cooked vegetables to a bowl.In the Dutch oven, cook the ground beef over medium heat, breaking it into small crumbles as it cooks, until cooked through. Return the vegetables to the pot and stir in the tomato paste and flour. Pour in the wine and cook for 2 to 3 minutes. Pour in the broth and Worcestershire sauce and add the thyme sprigs and bay leaf. Season with salt and pepper and cook, stirring occasionally, for 30 minutes. Stir in the peas and pour the filling into a 3- to 4-quart baking dish.While the filling is cooking, make the mashed potatoes. Preheat the oven to 400.Place the peeled potatoes in a pot and add cold water to cover by about 2 inches. Add a generous pinch of salt, cover,

    and bring to a boil. Crack the lid and cook the potatoes for 15 to 20 minutes, or until fork-tender. With the lid askew, carefully drain the water from the pot with the potatoes. Return the pot to the stove over low heat. Add the milk and butter to the potatoes, cover, and simmer the potatoes in the milk and butter for 10 to 12 minutes. Season the potatoes with 34 teaspoon of salt and mash with a potato masher or mix with a hand mixer. Add the cheddar and stir to combine. Taste and season with more salt if needed.Use a spatula to spoon the mashed potatoes over the filling in the baking dish and spread them out evenly. Use a fork and drag it along the top of the mashed potatoes to make ridges. These will crisp up and brown in the oven.Place the cottage pie on a rimmed baking sheet and slide it into the oven. Bake for 20 minutes, or until the top of the potatoes is golden and crispy and the filling is bubbling.Combine the minced parsley and thyme.Serve large spoonfuls of the cottage pie in bowls with a sprinkle of the parsley and thyme.


  • N&T 25

    Ingredients:Crust:1 pkg. Devils Food cake mix1/2 cup vegetable oil

    Directions:Combine cake mix and oil in a

    large bowl. Stir until well blended, then press into bottom of a greased 9 springform pan. Bake at 350 for 22 minutes. Remove from oven and increase oven temperature to 450.

    Filling:3-8 oz. pkg. cream cheese, softened3/4 cup sugar1/2 tsp. almond extract3 eggs1 1oz. square unsweetened chocolate, melted

    Directions:Combine cream cheese, sugar

    and extract in a large mixer bowl. Beat at medium speed

    until blended. Add eggs, one at a time, beating until blended after each egg is added. Remove 1 cup of filling and add the melted chocolate to it. Spoon plain filling in the warm crust. Drop spoonfools of the chocolate batter over the plain, then swirl with a knife to get the marble effect. Bake at 450 for 7 minutes, then turn down oven to 250 and continue baking for 30 more minutes. Loosen the cake edge from the pan, but cool completely before removing from the pan. Chill.

    Chocolate Marble Cheesecake Servings: 12

    Potato & Cheese Soup Servings: 6

    Ingredients:4 cups peeled, cubed potatoes2 1/2 cups water1/2 cup finely diced carrot1/3 cup finely diced celery1/3 cup finely chopped onion1 1/2 cup skim milk2 Tbsp. chopped chives2 Tbsp. parsley1/4 tsp. garlic salt1/4 tsp. pepper3/4 cup Light Velveeta Cheese TM, cubeddash of Tabasco SauceTM

    Directions:In a saucepan, combine potatoes, water, carrot,

    celery and onion. Over medium heat, bring to a boil, then simmer 20 minutes or until tender. Drain vegetables, reserving 1 1/2 cups liquid

    and then adding it back in the pan. With a potato masher, slightly mash vegetables in liquid. Add milk, chives, parsley, garlic salt and pepper, and heat over medium heat until heated throughout. Add cheese and Tabasco Sauce TM, stirring only

    until cheese melts (dont allow it to boil, or it will curdle).


  • N&T 26



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    There is nothing better than a vine ripened tomato right out of the garden. Farmers have been utilizing high tunnels protected within greenhouses to lengthen the period during which the plants bear fruit. Backyard growers with small greenhouses can utilize this technique to enhance their harvest time as well. The variety of tomato chosen for high tunnel plant-ing will affect the type of greenhouse configuration necessary for a profitable season. Determinate varieties of tomatoes are lower-growing plants that reach a particular height and stop growing vertically. Typically a horizontal trellis system is pre-ferred for these varieties. Indeterminate varieties continue to grow vertically as long as they are healthy and not affected by frost. A vertical trellis system will enable the tomato plants to continue their climb skyward. Growing patterns for the tomatoes is reliant on the time of planting as well as the variety of plant. The determi-nate varieties tend to have a shorter fruit-bearing window, but

    the fruit is generally ready early in the season. Staggering the maturity and planting of determinate varieties will spread out the harvest period. Indeterminate varieties typically yield more fruit overtime and can be planted early enough to pro-duce fruit earlier. The atmosphere created within a greenhouse will af-fect pollination and the nutrients reaching the plants. Placing a colony of honeybees within your greenhouse will allow for pollination while receiving all the benefits of the protected environment. High nitrogen levels within the soil early in the growing process will delay the bearing of fruit and com-pletely negate the advantages of growing tomatoes in high tunnels. Other nutrients to be conscious of are potassium, calcium and magnesium levels, all of which contribute to the health of the fruit. Monitoring the soil composition is recom-mended to protect and maintain overall crop health. Pruning methods for the indeterminate and determine

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    varieties vary and may dictate the variety chosen. The suckers on indeterminate varieties must be pruned in order to train the plant to ascend vertically. Pruning for determinate vari-eties is suggested as a leaf per day system that specifically targets the leaves in the lower portion of the plants. Pruning away from the heaviest fruit-bearing areas will reserve the nu-trients for the fruit rather than the leaves.

    The lengthened fruit-bearing period allows those utiliz-ing high tunnels to grow tomato plants to enjoy fresh produce both earlier and longer than tomatoes grown in a standard garden. Imagine enjoying juicy vine-ripened tomatoes straight from your garden all summer long. Youll be the envy of the neighborhood.



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    Fun By The NumbersLike puzzles? Then youll love sudoku. This mind-bending puzzle will have you hooked from the moment you square off, so sharpen your pencil and put your sudoku savvy to the test!

    Heres How It Works: Sudoku puzzles are formatted as a 9x9 grid, broken down into nine 3x3 boxes. To solve a sudoku, the numbers 1 through 9 must fill each row, column and box. Each number can appear only once in each row, column and box. You can figure out the order in which the numbers will appear by using the numeric clues already provided in the boxes. The more numbers you name, the easier it gets to solve the puzzle!Answers on Page 36.

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    Our PASSPORT services are likened as a Nursing Home without walls. If you meet the level of care that would require you to go to a nursing home, we can meet those needs in the comfort and familiarity of your own environment surrounded by the people you love and trust receiving the care that you need. If this sounds like a novel idea, well its not. Its just another person - centered care program from the Area Agency on Aging, Region 9. Our services include; personal care, homemaker services, home delivered meals, minor home modifications and repairs, medical equipment, emergency response systems, nutrition counseling, adult day services, and transportation. Here at AAA-9, we like to call this Aging in place. Long-term services and supports dont necessarily have to be met in a nursing home. These services can be administered in the comfort of your own place of residence, wherever that might be.

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    Well, youre in luck! AAA-9 administers the MIPPA program though the Ohio Department of Aging on behalf of the Affordable Care Act. The program is very simple on your part as AAA-9 does all the work! Just call us at 1-800-945-4250 Monday throughout Friday from 8am until 4:30pm. We will complete the application over the phone in just a few minutes & mail the application for you. In addition, we can also assist you with any other Medicare questions you might have. Medicare beneficiaries that qualify may have a substantial savings of up to $3011 a year. We can also compare your part D plan to see if you are receiving the maximum benefits allowed. Let our Medicare specialists take this burden off of your shoulders. Were sure you have better things to do!!

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    W h a c k yh o l i d a y s


    Whacky national holidays have been appearing left and right, celebrating seemingly random activities. Each one seemingly whackier than the last, these nationally recognized holidays are celebrations ranging from hugging a cat to eating whatever you wish; each holiday can be tailored to the needs or wishes of every individual. Dont feel like talking like a pirate, the holiday doesnt have to be acknowl-edged, although one should be prepared for others to participate. Through this new phenomenon there

    is nearly a holiday per day and the celebration or cheery attitude is not mandatory. These holidays are not generally celebrated through familiar gatherings or ornate dinners, yet they con-tinue to be nationally, or even internationally, rec-ognized. Some even slip by without anyone noticing their coming. The reason behind this surge in holi-day splendor is a bit fuzzy for most, but the main push behind the idea is for an overall increase in the level of joy. As far as it can be discerned most of the holidays are devised to break up the week and the general humdrum of life. Without the amusement Talk Like a Pirate Day stirs up September can seem stale after the celebration of Labor Day. The months right after the New Year always seem unrelenting when it is realized there will not be another major holiday until May. Endless months dragging one after the other deserve a bit of spice with nationally recognized holidays created simply to bring a smile to anyones face. Hug Your Cat Day celebrated May third was cre-ated as a simple reminder to cat owners to hug their feline friends. Similar to other pets, cats want to be caressed and cuddled from time to time, but the messiness of life tends to get in the way and the cats opportunity for a back scratch can get lost. Take May third and really massage that back, just to remind your cat why you coexist in the first place. Not a cat lover? No worries, these holidays are not set in stone and can be modified to your personal preference. Others may gloss completely over Hug Your Cat Day in anticipation of Star Wars Day cel-ebrated on May the fourth. The choice is yours. We all have at least one person we know who con-



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    tinuously sees the downside in every situation. Feb-ruary 16 was created as a way to decrease the num-ber of these people within our society, National Do a Grump a Favor Day. For whatever reason grumpy people walk around worrying about everything and receiving little gratitude from those around them. There may be no cure for that grumpy neighbor who hates the sound of your lawnmower or the leaves from your trees, but doing something kind for them could bring a momentary smile to their faces. The origins of Do a Grump a Favor Day are a bit unclear, but some attribute the creation to Big Bird from Sesame Street as a ploy to get Oscar out of his grouchy mood. Others believe the day was created by a grumpy who has been turned grumpy due to the environment around them and only want someone to renew their faith in humanity. Which-ever creation story you subscribe to, just remember simply smiling in the direction of a frown could de-crease the number of grumps in our world. If you are interested in penciling in a few of these holidays to add levity to the days ahead, find a sam-pling below for your enjoyment. Everything You Do Is Right Day celebrated on the 16th of March is promising to improving anyones winter blues. No one likes to be wrong and for this one day only, no one can be wrong. Whether you be-lieve the sky to be blue, gray or purple it is correct simply because you said it was, no need to explain yourself. Celebrate a day of doing only what you want to do instead of what you need to do for International Goof Off Day on the 22nd. Cast aside that to do list and scratch off some of those items on your bucket list. The same day is also As Young As You Feel Day so there is nothing you cannot do on this holiday.March 26, Make Up Your Own Holiday Day is per-haps the best holiday anyone could have created. It doesnt exclude particular personalities and offers a completely legitimate reason for any behavior that may otherwise be viewed as unsavory. This could be the day you wear those parachute pants hidden in the back of your closet or enthusiastically sing along to that song your grandchildren play on re-peat. Whatever you have the desire to do, take this day and do as you please.

    These are only three of the best national holidays celebrated in March and they are available without any strings attached. No preparation or necessary traveling required. The beauty of these whacky holidays is that they were all created to make the human soul a bit lighter and laughter a bit more fre-quent.

    Future Days of Awesome to Come

    April 7, No Housework DayApril 14, International Moment of Laughter DayApril 26, Hug an Australian DayApril 30, National Honesty DayMay 4, Star Wars DayMay 8, No Socks DayMay18, Visit Your Relatives DayJune 5, World Environment DayJuly 17, National Ice Cream DayJuly 27, Take Your Plants for a Walk Day





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    3 The Star Spangled Banner becomes the National Anthem (1931)

    6 Walter Cronkite signs off as anchorman off the CBS Evening News (1981)

    7 Alexander Graham Bell patents the Tele-phone. (1876)

    10 Alexander Graham Bell places the world's first telephone call, to his assistant in the next room. (1876)

    12 Baseball great Joe Dimaggio agrees to a new contract with the NY Yankees, and gets a $6,250 raise. (1942)

    15 "The Ides of March" Julius Caesar is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus. (44 B.C.)

    21 The infamous Alcatraz prison is closed. (1963)

    24 Elvis Presley joins the U.S. Army. (1958)

    29 Coca Cola is invented. (1886)

    30 The 15th amendment goes into effect, giving black men the right to vote. (1870)

    This Month in History

  • N&T 38

    HEALTHBaking can be a relaxing and rewarding pastime that parents

    can share with their children. Baking promotes a variety of skills, including the ability to follow instructions and make measurements. Baking also employs mathematics, making baking a rather delicious science experiment. Perhaps one of the few pitfalls of baking is indulging in too many sweet treats when taste testing and then enjoying the fruits of your labors.But bakers concerned about their health can substitute

    healthy ingredients when recipes call for foods bakers would prefer to avoid. The following ingredients can make healthy additions to baked-good recipes without sacrificing flavor. Whole wheat flour: Flour is at the heart of many baking

    recipes, including those for cakes, cookies and pies. Refined white flour may not be the healthiest ingredient, so try whole wheat flour, which is full of nutrients and an extra dose of fiber. Fiber can help lower the risk for heart disease and diabetes. Try slightly less than one cup of whole wheat flour for regular flour as a swap if a recipe calls for one cup of flour.

    Fruit puree: When a recipe calls for oil, margarine, butter or shortening, consider replacing such ingredients with fruit purees, which often add moisture and texture just as well but without the same amount of calories. Applesauce and prunes can be helpful in chocolate dishes. Pumpkin or sweet potato are other purees that can add a nutritional boost as well. Greek yogurt: Greek yogurt is a powerhouse