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  • NOWMinor DetailsFor

    ConcussionsW/ AthletesBy Ishaan Golding

    Chinese BusinessmanSpace For LeaseHow to RemoveMuffin Top

    Bad Habits

    Bad Workouts

    Outer

    Space

    for

    WHO?

    Math Predicts Winners Events that will occur at the prime of your life

    Politican Predicts Future

    America

    The Question

  • 2Issue 1 || March 2011

    Dear Reader,

    Welcome to the first issue of NOW Magazine. We are delighted that you have chosen to read our publication. Inside, you will find a wide variety of news, profiles, and editorials. From the complex world of Chinese entre-preneurship to professional advice for acquiring a killer beach body, youll experience a whole new perspective on the world around you.

    Perhaps the reason why you opening this magazine is because you want to read a magazine that talks about relevant, groundbreaking news. Perhaps its because you want to think about something that youve never thought about before. Whatever the reason, we hope that you come away from this magazine more informed than you were when you began, and we hope enjoy reading it as much as we enjoyed making it.

    -Daniel C., Ishaan G., and Yahir B.

  • 3

    1-2 INTRODUCTION

    3-4 FAMILIZATION

    5-10 OPINIONS

    11-16 FEATUES

    38-40 CONTINUED

    17-38 ALTERNATE STORY FORMS LetterfromtheEditors

    TableofContents Biographies

    EmptySpace:TheCaseforSemi-PrivatizingSpace RunningonNothing:TheTruthbehindUSDebt Relax:YourKidswillbefinePlayingContactSports

    C O N T E N T S

    RyansRoadmap:ViableChangefortheUSs future?

    HowtoLoseyourMuffintopin30Days TheWorldthatLiesAhead

    JourneyoftheTiger:Continued OntheEdgic:Continued

    JourneyoftheTiger:TheExperianceofChinese entrepreneur

    ALifetimeofAstronomy OntheEdgic

    41 TILL NEXT TIME

    Farewell

  • Issue 1 || June 2011

    4

    Bib

    liogr

    aphi

    es

    ABOU

    T US

    Yahir B.Age: 14Clan: HispanicEducation: LASA High SchoolContributions: Empty Space, A Life of Astronomy, The World that Lies AheadInterests: Football, Future Iincentives, Watching European Football Favorite Quote: We cling to our own point of view, as though ev-erything depended on it. Yet our opinions have no permanence; like autumn and winter, they gradually pass away. --Chuang Tzu

    Daniel C.Age: 15Clan: AsianEducation: LASA High SchoolContributions: Debt, Chinese Entre- prenur, Ryans RoadmapInterests: Playing Tennis, Grades, TravelingFavorite Quote:If you are ashamed to stand by your colors, you had better seek another flag. --Author Unknown

    Ishaan G.Age: 14Clan: IndianContributions: Relax, How to Lose Your Muffintop in 30 Days, EdgicEducation: LASA High SchoolContributions: Reality TV Article; Helmet Safety Article, Fitness Personal Interests: Reality TV, RowingFavorite Quote:Your Fired. -- Donald Trump

  • 1E m p t y S p a c eThe Case for Semi-Privatizing Space.

    aveyoueverwantedtogouptospace?Howaboutsettingfootonanotherplanet?Wellitsnotgoingtohappen.Why,youmightask?TheansweristhattheUnitedStatesoweseverybodymoneyandsotheycantfundspaceexploration;privatecompaniessuchasSpaceXdonothavetheexpertiseofNASAwho justgot theirownspaceexplorationprogramcanceled.Eventhoughtheresnomoneytobemadeinspaceatthemoment;therewillbeanincomeaf-ter the collaboration produces the necessary tech-nologyfordeeperspaceexploration.NASAisntinapositiontodoawholelotmorespaceexploration

    likeitusedbackinthe60sand70s.Insteaditshouldassisttheseprivatecom-paniesbecauseneitherNASAnortheprivatecompaniescandoitontheirown.The reason theUS cant do it on their own is because there is nomoney leftIf youdont knowbynow, theresmore than 14 trilliondollars that the goodOlUSAowes.Thatsa fourteenwith twelvezerosbehind it and thatnumberis risingby themillions everyday. But theres still apossibility that the gov-

    H ernment could fund it but that is not themainconcernrightnow.Congresshastheireyes setuponreducing spending, so spaceexplorationisnotveryhighontheirprior-ity list.Thecurrentbudget should stay atits current level and themoney should gotowards thenew rockets that the coalitionwouldworkon.ThenewrocketsshouldbeanimageofthecanceledConstellationpro-gram.Theprogramwas created to replacetheagingspaceshuttleswithnewandmoreefficientrockets.TheGovernmentAccount-abilityOffice, the investigative armofU.S.Congress, said for certain that Constella-tionisestimatedtocostU.S.taxpayers$230billionover thecourseof thenext twode-

    Yahir B.

    NOW

    5

    OPINIONS

  • 2Issue 1 || June 2011Issue 1 || March 2011

    cades.EarlierthisyearPresidentObamastatedthathiscutswouldreduce thedeficitbyabout1 trillion every decade. And well, 230 billionsoundslikealittlebittoomuchifthepresidentis really willing tomake those cuts. To comeupwiththatamountofmoneythegovernmentwouldhave toborrow it fromother countries;and that is exactly what it is trying to avoid.Now who doesnt like free stuff? The projectwouldnt be free of cost but would be greatlyreduced.AccordingtoJoelLevine,aseniorre-searchscientistatNASALangleyResearchCen-ter,privatefirmscouldraise$160billionforatripandaMarscolony.Youseeitsquiteeasytoworktogether.Companiescouldsellmerchandiseandbroadcastrightstopayfortheexpedition,whichcouldcreate500,000newjobsover10years.Itllbelikein1999,whenPizzaHutpaid$1milliontosponsorthelaunchofaprotonrocketthatde-liveredkey componentsof the then-tiny Inter-nationalSpaceStation.Thatwaythegovernmentwouldhavetospendlessandsaveupforflyingcarsandwhatnot,butthatsawholeotherthing.Government-Private cooperation has broughtus things you and I interact with every day.Take for example satellites. Who thought ofitandwhoused itfirst?Thegovernment,be itRussiaortheUnitedStates.Thefirsttelevisionsatellitesameintoactionin1962.ItbelongedtoAT&T,butitwaspartofamulti-nationalagree-ment between AT&T, Bell Telephone Labora-tories, NASA, the British General Post Office,and theFrenchNationalPTT (Post,Telegraph&TelecomOffice)todevelopexperimentalsat-ellite communications. Without this coopera-tionthereprobablywouldnthavebeensatelliteuntilmuch laterwhenAT&Tcould send theirown satellite with their own satellite technol-ogy; but thanks to NASA, 27 million peoplecurrentlyenjoysatelliteTV.Andthats justoneexample; there are many more things that weuse every day that came from collaboration.Nowyoumayaskyourself,sowhat?Illtellyouwhat.You,yesyou,mightbeable to travel thecosmos if the governments of the world workwith the private companies on space explora-tion.ItwouldrelievetheUSfromthemoneyandencouragespacetourismatcheapercosts. If ittheresnoteamwork,thenyoullprobablynevergettoseetheEarthfromspaceinyourlifetime.

    EMAIL yahirb@gmail.com

    6

    BURNING QUESTION

    Why dont we have flying cars yet?

    Weweresupposedtohaveflyingcarsbynow.Andjetpacks.Andaccordingtovintagescience-fic-tionTVshowswalltowallcomputerswithlarge,blinkinglights.

    Q.Whydontwehaveflyingcars,anyway?A.Itturnsoutthatifyouoptimizetheperformanceofacarandofanairplane,theyareveryfarawayintermsofmechanicalfeatures.Soyoucanmakeaflyingcar.Buttheyarenotverygoodplanes,andtheyarenotverygoodcars.Themilitarydevelopedone.Theyfoundoutitdidntperformwellineitherelement.

    Q.Whataboutjetpacks?A.TheyreOKforshortdistances.TheArmydevel-opedthose.Theyreusedforassaults:youneedtogoupthesideofabuilding,asteeprise,youputthoseonandgoupquicklyandgetoutofthem.Theyreofverylimiteduse.

    Q.Anypredictionsfor50yearsfromnow?A.Imworkingonsomepredictionsforthefuture.Thingslikegeo-engineering.Thissubjectwillpopintothemediaasourclimatesituationworsenslarge-scalemodificationoftheclimateoftheEarthtopreventclimatechangeandwarming.

  • 9Running on

    nothingThe Truth Behind the US debt

    Fact:EverycitizenoftheUnitedStatesofAmerica,includ-ingyou,hasabout$45,000worthofdebt.ThismeansthattheUShasatotalofaround$14.3trillionofdebt.How-ever,formostpeopleatrilliondollarsisaprettyabstract

    concept.Afterall,itsjustanumber.Butconsiderthis;Ifyouspent$1everysecond,itwouldtakeyouanastonishing31,000yearstospend$1 trillion.To spend$14.3 trillion, or payoff the equiva-lentoftheUSnationaldebt,itwouldtakeover437,100years.Atthis rate, theUS debt is spiraling out of control and somethingneeds to be done about it. Otherwise, we, the future genera-tionofAmerica,willsufferfromourparentsneedlessspending. Currently, theUS-debt-to-GDP ratio is the 12th largestamongallnationsintheworld.Butdespitethis,ourgovernmentcontinues itsextravagantspending thatonlyputs theUS furtherinto the clutches of debt.According to theUSTreasury, theUShadonly$75millionworthofdebt in1791.ThiswasrightaftertheAmerican Revolution, when the new nation needed to bor-rowmoneytofinancethewar.Butnow,ourdebtincreasesbythatmuchinjustonehour.Fromthis,onecanseeamainconcernofdebt,whichisthatitincreasesveryrapidlyandcompoundsuponitself.ThiscontinualgrowthofdebtiswhatthefuturecitizensofAmericawillhavetodealwith,eitherbypayingforitoutoftheirownpocketsorbylosingsocialbenefits.Evennow,theUShasto

    borrow41centsoutofeverydollarwespend.Withtherapidlyin-creasingdebt,thisnumberwillonlygrowworseuntileventually,wewilllikelybecompletelydependentonforeignnationstosupplyuswithmoney.Atthatpoint,theUSwillceasetobeasuperpowerasithasnomeanstoswayothernations.Infact,theveryoppo-sitecouldhappenwheretheUSwillhavetolistentothewhimsofothercreditornations.Inthe1956SuezCanalCrisistheUSdem-onstrated thepowerofbeinga creditornation. In the crisis, theUSthreatenedtoselloffitsdebtholdingsofBritainiftheBritishdidntpulloutof theSuezCanal.Assuch, theynochoicebut tocomplywiththeUSdemandsorfacecertaineconomicmeltdown. YettherearestillinfluentialpeoplesuchasTimHarfordandZacharyKarabellwhosaythatdebtdoesntmatter,citinghowJapanisstilltheworlds3rdlargesteconomydespitehavingastag-gering198%publicdebttoGDPratio.ComparedtoAmericas91%publicdebttoGDPratio,weappeartobeprettywelloff.However,

    theUSdebtcrisisdoeshaveveryrealconsequencesthatwillaffectallsocialclasses.Already,20centsoutofeverydollarisimmediatelyusedtopayofftheburgeoninginterestonthefederaldebt.Thatisatremendousamountofmoneythatcouldhavegonetowardjobcre-ationandentrepreneurialexpansion.Thedebtinterestalsodrainsmoneyoutofconsumerspocketsthatcouldotherwisebeavailablefortheacquisitionofgoodsandservices.Alltheseeffectsleadtoaworseeconomy.WiththeUSbleedingmoneyouttopayinterest,ToddHaggerty,policyassociateattheNationalConferenceofStateLegislatures,thinksthatstatesarecomingtothatpointwheretheywillhavetomakeadditionalcuts.Amongthecostsonthechop-pingblockiseducationspending.Asmoreandmoremoneyhastobedevotedtowardpayingoffinterestondebt,lessandlessofitcanbeusedtostimulatetheeconomy.Expertssaythatinall,thestimu-lus fundsprovidedbythegovernmenthelpedplugbetween30%and40%ofthe$291billioninbudgetgapsthatstateshavefaced.Mostofthatmoneywenttowardmaintainingeducationfunding.Withthestimuluspackagegone,manystateswillbeforcedtomake

    Even now, the US has to borrow 41 cents out of every

    dollar we spend

    Phot

    o ta

    ken b

    y: B

    roke

    nSpher

    e

    7

    By:DanielC.

    TheUSTreasuryhasabout, 0 dollarsinreserve

  • Issue 1 || June 2011

    2

    brutalbudgetcutsintheireducationsys-temtokeepabalancedbudget,resultinginthelossofmanyteachingpositionsandthe worsening of education in America.Already the effects of the budget short-fallcausedbythegrowinginterestonUSdebtcanbefelt.Inourveryownschool,6great teachershad tobe laidoff inor-

    der tomaintainabalancedbudget.Nowimaginethatbutonamuchgranderscale.Thatiswhatwe,thestudents,willhavetodealwithandcomeupwithasolutionto. However, despite these devastatingeffects, debt has remained a fairly un-known issue, remaining inconspicuousandpushedundertherugbypoliticians.In his 2011 State of the Union address,

    Obamacalledformassivenewamountsofspending.Inhisaddress,ObamapledgedtoredoubleeffortsinrepairingAmericasaging road systemand investheavily inclean energyprojects.Buthemade littlementionofMedicareorMedicaidreformwhichwould save trillionsofdollars ev-ery year. ClearlyObama is not ready to

    make serious entitlement reform that isneeded right now to rescue this nationoutofthedebtcrisis.EvenPaulRyan,themost outspoken politician about entitle-mentreform,madenomentionofSocialSecurity orMedicare in his response toObamas State of Union Address. RyansRoadmap,whichistheonlyseriousGOPproposal that addresses the long term

    debtproblem,hasnotbeenendorsedbymanyRepublicansandtheleadershiphasnoticeablynotmadeitpartoftheoverallRepublicanplan.The lack of care is un-settling,showingthatpoliticiansinWash-ington aremore interested in their ownpoliticalpositionthanAmericaasawhole. Assuch,iftheUSdebtcrisiscontin-

    uestobeignoredbypoliticians,thenthefuture generations ofAmerica,will havetodealwiththeconsequences.Wewillbeforced to deal with a sagging economy,contentwithreceivingaworseeducationandfindourselves inaweakenednationdependent on foreign countries to sur-vive.DowereallywantAmericatobere-ducedtosuchalowlevel?Topreventthis,

    The future generations of America, us, will have to deal with the consequences

    8

    phot

    o ta

    ken b

    y: N

    inja

    taco

    shee

    llIssue 1 || June 2011

    Debthitsanall-time

    asWWIIstartsintofull

    swing.Americatakesin

    hugeamountsofdebtto

    finacethewar.

    WWIIdebtisquickly

    broughtdownbythe

    purchasingofsaving

    bonds.

    Reagomicstake

    over,leadingtoa

    massiveexplosion

    offederaldebt.

    VeitnamWartakes

    itstollandMedi-

    care/Medicadis

    enacted.

    Forthefirsttime

    inageneration,

    Clintonreinsin

    debtandbalances

    thebudget.

    Taxcutsandwars

    intheMiddleEast

    causefederaldebt

    togrowsignificant-

    lyunderBush

    1945 1950s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s

    Modern History of US Debt

    Continued on Page: 38

  • 1RelaxYour kids will be fine playing contact sports.

    art credits: Tim

    Yates

  • 2Issue 1 || June 2011

    Asa parent, you want the best for your child. Unlessyou have an irrational hatred of people under 18, or,like the dysfunctional Church of the Sun in Mon-treal, you believe your child is the Antichrist, your

    goal is to ensure the well-being of your offspring above all else.Sowhen it comes to teamsports suchas football and icehockey,thebest thingyoucando foryourchildren is to let themjoin in.Of course, the accusations that contact sports can cause injuryfromconcernedparentsarentcompletelybaseless- itspossibletoget injured, just likewith any sport or physical activity.However,the benefits of playing team sports far outweigh the drawbacks.

    Oneoftheprimaryconcernsparentshaveaboutcontactsportsistheperceivedriskofgettingaconcussion.Inthepast,concussionswereabigproblem-theNFLevenhadanaverageconcussionrateof12perweekin1990-andmanyplayerssufferedbraininjuries.However,thisisincreasinglybecomingtheexceptionandnotthenorm.Con-cussionsfromfootballhavebeenonthedeclinesincetheearlypartofthelastdecade.In2002,Riddell,thelargesthelmetmanufacturerinthenationandprimarymanufacturerofyouthfootballhelmets,introducedanew,moreprotectiveversionoftheRiddellRevolutionhelmet.Thishelmetaddsthicknessonthesides,andaddsholesinthetoptoreleasebodyheatandlowerthecentreofgravity.Accord-ingtotheLiveStrongFoundation,whenthishelmetwasputintothemarket,itreducedconcussionsby23%amongyouthplayers.Inaddi-tion,accordingtotheUniversityofNorthCarolina,theconcussionrateisdown17%from20yearsago.Therisksofgettingaconcus-sionareessentiallyminimal,andtherisktoyourchildisnegligible.

    Inaddition,manyparentsfailtoconsiderthatplayingcontactsportscangiveachildmanyhealthbenefits.AccordingtoWebMD,regularexercisehelpstoimprovebonestrength,skinquality,muscletone,andmore.Teamsportsareoneofthebestwaystogetexerciseand

    theyareoftenfunandrewarding.Promotingthesehabitsviateamsportsiscriticalforensuringthatyourchildisyoung,fit,andhealthy.

    Playing team sports canprovidemental benefits aswell as physi-cal benefits. According to Dr. Cadence Bradley, a leading childpsychologistwhohaswrittenmultiplebooksonself-esteem, teamsports have been proven to have a positive effect on childrensmental health. Her research shows that team sports can buildself-esteem and positive body image, which are two of the mostimportant factors in a childspsyche.Playing team sports cande-creasetheriskofsuicide,depression,anorexia,bulimia,andmanyothermental disorders- in some studies, such as a research studyby the Womens Science Foundation, it is down by almost half.

    Of course, there are risks to team sports, like a concussionorother injury, just as there are risks to almost anything in life.Butthe benefits of athleticism and high self-esteem that team sportsprovide are farmore important than theminimal risk of gettingaconcussion.Ifyoudontletyourchildplayteamsports,theyaremore likely to be weak, obese and psychologically unhealthy, ac-cording toDr. Bradleys studies.On the other hand, if you allowthem to participate, they aremore likely to go to college (24,500athletic scholarships are awarded each year) and are more like-ly to be healthy, happy young adults.The choice should be easy.

    If you dont let your child play team sports... they may never reach their

    full potential in life.

    CONCUSSIONS BY THE NUMBERS

    17%fewerconcussionsintheUnitedStatesthanintheyear1990.

    23%fewerconcussionswhenyouthplayersusetheRiddellRevolutionhelmet.

    90%higherchanceofgettingstruckbylightningthandyingfromaconcussion.

    85%ofpeoplewithconcussionsrecoverwithintwotofivedays.

    2.5% ofscholarshipsgivenoutbyAmericancollegesin2009wereathletic.

    by Ishaan G.

    10

  • 11

    A stack of pristine, untouchedpapers rest on his desk. Ajumble of half-chewed pen-cils, a couple of pens, and afewpillsof traditionalChinesemedicinelienext tohispapers.Aman leansbackinhissoft-leatherexecutivechair.Hesonthe phone with a potential investor, at-tempting to secure an investment to getthecompanybyforthenextfewmonths.Afewraysoflightpeekthroughthedrabwindow shades, casting long shadowsthroughout the room. Green vegetationdottheplace,slightlybrighteningupthegreyandbluebuilding.Theman,havingfinishedhiscall,stretchesandwalksovertohiswindow,peeringouttothebusycitybelowhim.

    ThismanisInformationServicecompa-nyCEO,WeiXinZhao.Hisintenseblackeyes,grayinghairandweatheredfacetellhis storyofhardship,determinationandperseverance. The arduous journey thathehasexperiencedincreatingastart-upin China is an unforgettable experience.Hisstorybeginslikemostotherentrepre-neurs,with a spark that comes from themost unexpected and seemingly normalexperience. I originallyworked for an Internettechniques or information managementcompany that was based in America.Frommyexperiencethere,Ifeltthatsincetheadventof theInternet, thegrowthofinformation has been increasing expo-nentially every day, XinZhao said. Al-

    though the great growth of informationhas brought humanity many kinds ofbenefitssuchasfunandjoy,ithasalsoinrecentyearsresultedinanoverloadofin-formation,making itdifficult toseparatetheusefulfromtheuseless.Itwasfromthisconcernthattheideafor his company was born. He realizedthatinthenearfuture,peoplewouldneedtohaveamethodtosortoutandfindrel-evant information among the masses ofuseless or irrelevant information that isavailable. Mycompanyoffers traditionalman-agementsoftwareusedtomanagevariousprogramsaswell as customised softwaredependingonthecustomersdemandsininformationservices,XinZhaosaid.Itis

    An Eastern Tiger

    Workers at Wei XinZhaos company

    The experience of a Chinese Entrepreneur By:DanielC.

    FEATURES

  • Issue 1 || June 2011

    12

    aninformationservicecompany.Sincetheformationofhisidea,heknewwhathiscompanysgeneralgoalandba-siswouldbe,buttoactuallytakethatideaand turn it into a successful companytakesalotmoretimeandpatience.Firstofall,youhavetorealizewhatisthepurposeofstartingupyourcompany,XinZhao explained. With this known,thenyouwillknowwheretolookforandfindthesuitableresourcestoaccomplishyour goal. This includes money, yourpartnerandtherightpeople.Throughoutthisprocess,youwillbringandsellyourideatovariouspeopleandsearchfortherightresourcestohelpfurtheryourgoal.Themostimportantresource,hesays,iswithoutadoubtthepartner.Thepartnerofacompanyisoneofthemostimportantandcentralfiguresofit.Theyfunctionasthe cornerstoneof the company,provid-ingnecessarysupport.Forapartner,youneedtofindsome-onewithsimilarideasandgoals,XinZhaoexplained.Yourpartnerneedstobedif-ferentthanyoubutatthesametimecom-plementyourweaknessandoverallmakethecompanystronger. Unfortunately, finding a partner is amonumentaltaskinitself. Finding apartner isquitedependenton luck, XinZhao recalled. If you staydeterminedthechanceistherebutitsnotlike you can find itwhenever youwant.

    Youneed to bring your ideas and idealsand look everywhere to sell your plans.Whetherornotyoucanfindyourpartnerisdependentonyourskillandluck.Evenifapartnerisfoundandtheinfantcompany is created, the hardships andwork dont stop there. However, know-ingwhereacompanywillbeinthefuturedoesntmatter if it cant evenmake it tothat point. Once a start-up is founded,there isstilla longanddemanding jour-neyaheadthatisfilledwithmanyseem-ingly insurmountable obstacles. One oftheseisthekeyidentificationofthecom-

    pany,orwhatmakesthecompanyuniqueanddifferentthanallthecompetitors. Whenmy partner and I first cre-ated our company, we were certain thatwewantedtodosomethingabout infor-mation services, XinZhao said,but wewerent too sure what specifically. Infor-mation services is a very broad field oftechnology.Ispentcloseto5yearsexper-imentingindifferentaspectsofinforma-tionservicesbeforeItrulyfoundoutwhatwewantedtodo.Inthosefiveyearshefacedinnumer-able difficulties and persevered through

    toughtimes.Thereweremonthswhenhiscompanyalmostwentunderdue toeverpressing expenses and not enough rev-enue. In fact, therewere timeswherehecouldntevenpayhisworkerssalaries.Intheprocessofcreatingacompany,youareboundtofacelotofproblemsandhardships, he explained. You must al-ways bewilling to experimentwithnewideas and encroach into a new field re-gardless of what risks it may pose. Youmust have the will power and mentalstrength to do so; otherwise your com-panywilldie.

    However,XinZhaosays,notonlydoesanentrepreneurhavetobeboldandnotfear failure, but hemust also learn howtomanageandcontrolhisworkerswhichcanbeverytricky,especiallyinChina.The biggest difference between Ameri-can companies and Chinese companiesare the employeeswork ethic,XinZhaosaid. In China the employees are veryself-centered and greedy, they only careabouttheirownbenefits.Theyarehighlyuncooperativeandoftenrefuse to followclear-cut instructions.Managing them isatruetestofwillandpatience.

    You must always be willing to experiment with new ideas and encrouch into a new field regardelss of what risks it may pose.

    Continued on page 38

    The company that

    XinZhao worked for

    goesbankrupt,laying

    himoff

    Outofwork,he iviewsthisas

    anoppertunityanddecidesto

    starthisowncompany

    He heads back to

    China to start his

    company

    After seraching formany

    years,hefindsthesuitable

    partnerforhiscompany

    Withhispartner,hesets

    upandhiresworkersto

    beginhiscompany

    Now,asoneofthelargestcom-

    panies in Sichuan, he looks to

    expandintomorelocations

    Numerous difficluties, in-

    cluding worker complaints

    and competition, threaten

    thestabilityofhiscompany

    A new government restric-

    tion causes his company to

    almostbecomebankrupt.

    Reform and change in his

    companyallowshiscompany

    pullsthroughthehardtimes.

    JourneyoftheTiger May, 2000

    December, 2000

    October, 2002

    March, 2004

    June,2004 January, 2008

    November, 2004March2008

    June2010

  • 13

    A LifetimeOfAstronomy

    Asheryoungstudentscontinuegazeattheendlessskyabove,AlisonEarnhartsitsandtakesabreak.Itsbeenfourhourssincethesundisappearedfromview,andstillmanyareanxioustopointouteachandeveryconstellationthattheycan.Earnhart,LiberalArtsandScienceAcademyastronomyteacher,hasbeenfascinatedwithastronomysinceshewasakid.Shenowgoesoutstargazingwithherownastronomyclassandclubstu-dentseverymonth-or-so.Likemanyofus,Earnharthadeverhadarealclassaboutastronomy.Iwouldalwaysdigintostargazing,Earnhartsaid.Iknewsomeoftheconstellationsbutasidefromatinyunitin8thgradescience,IneverreallyhadanyexposuretoituntilIwasinhighschool.Butitwasntuntilcollegethatshetookanactualastronomycourseinwhichherclasswouldgoouteveryweekandlearnaboutalloftheconstellations.Evenaftershecompletedthecourse,shedesiredtolearnmoreandsoshesignedupforanastrophysicscoursewhichwasamuchmoremathintensivepartofastronomy.

    Yahir B.

  • Issue 1 || June 2011

    14

    shelearnedbybeingabletolooktotheskyandrecognizethedif-ferentconstellationsaboutthegodsandgoddesses.IreallylikeGreekMythologyandIlikebeingabletolookupandsay,IknowthestorybehindthatandalltheconstellationsandIknowwhythatgodisangryaboutthatgod.Hannahsaid.ThecoursewasactuallywrittenbyEarnhart,whomodeleditafterhercollegecourse.Eventhoughthecourseisyear-round,shesaid,itismoreofasurveyclassbecauseastronomyissuchabroadtopic.Earnhartalsoadded,IwanttomakesureIexposemystudentstoallofthesedifferentsubjectssotheniftheyreinterestedinsomethingIhopethattheyllbeinspiredtodiveintothatsubjectmoredeeplybecausewejustdonthavetimeforeverythingindepth.Herclubismoreofadiscussion-typepastimewherethestudentsandherdiscussaboutsomethingtheyreinterestedinorEarnhartherselfwillgooutofherwayandresearchatopicthatthestu-dentsareveryfamiliarwithandgivethemawholepresentationonit.Forexample,shegavealectureaboutsomethingeverybodyhasheardofbutnotmanyknowwhatitis.Lastyear,IdidabigtwopartseriesonEinsteinstheoryofrelativitywhereIwentandresearcheditheavilyandmadeupapresentationandthengaveittotheguys,saidEarnhart.Thatwascool.Mostpeoplehaveneverseenatruenightsky;thelightemittedbythecityinterfererssomuchthatyouwouldhavetogooutfarintonowheretoseethebeauty.Earnhartandherstudentscon-tinuetotaketripsandencourageseveryonetotakeaglimpse.Itsactuallyabreathtakingview;mostpeoplehaveneverseentheskythatway.

    Althoughsheenjoyedeveryminuteofit,Earnhartalsoadmit-tedthatmuchofwhatshelearnedhasnorealvalueineverydaysituations.Iwouldbethefirsttoadmitthat,[unlikemany]ofotherscientists,astronomyforthecommonmanreallyhasnopracticalapplication,Earnhartsaid.Otherthan[for],ohlookitspretty,herestheconstellations.Historically,humanshaveusedthestarsfornavigationbutnowthatpartofourwayoflifehasbeenphasedoutbyourtechnologi-caladvances,includingGPS.However,Earnhartbelievesitshouldstillbetaught.Itmakesthinkaboutthingsoutsideofourselves[and]itmakesuslookbeyondthislittletinyspeckofdustthathumanitylives,Earnhartsaid,Itmakesushumbledwhenwelookatthevastexpanseofspace.Astronomyoffersmorethanthemerescientificknowledge;itoffersinsightandawareness.Astronomyisstudyingwherewecomefrom,theoriginsofrealityitself,soitshelpingusgetabetterpictureofwhatrealityisreallylikeandastronomydoesbegintointersectwithothersciences,Earnhartsaid.Hannah,oneofEarnhartsastronomystudentswhohaslearnedagreatdealfromtheyear-roundastronomycoursetaughtbyEarnhart,experiencedthisherselfwhenshewasabletotakehertruepassion,Greekmythology,andincorporateitwithwhat

  • 15

    VIS5NNUTR

    art

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    On the Edgic by Ishaan G.

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    16

    ItseightoclockP.M.,andtheCBShitTVshowSurvivorhasjustended.Forthemostpart,itsthirteenmillionview-ersaremovingonwiththeirlives.Some

    stickaroundtowatchCriminalMinds.Otherschangethechannel.StillothersturnofftheTVandfinishthedishes,orputtheirkidstobed.Butfortwenty-fivedie-hardfans,theworkhasjustbegun.

    Thesetwenty-fivepeopleareabouttobegincalculatingthisweeksEdgicratings.Edgic,whichisaportmanteauofeditinglogic,isanonlineprojectinwhichparticipantsusepastrawfootageeditingpatterns,mathandpsychologytodeterminewhothewinnerofSurvivorisbeforethefinalepisodesair.

    Wedevotethisthreadtotryandpickthewinnerbylookingattheediting,playerbyplayer,andapplyinglogicfrompasteditingpatterns[todeterminewhohasawinnersedit],saysOowantite,apsychologymajorfromAustraliaandtheleaderofthisseasonsEdgic.

    Already,afiercedebateisragingonline,asitdoeseveryweekaftertheconclusionoftheepisode.Eachweek,inordertofigureoutwhocanstillviablywinSurvivor,edgicpar-ticipantsmustscoreeachcontestantforthreethings:personality,visibility,andtone.Eachratinghas5prospectiveoptionsfromwhich

    tochoose.Personalitiescanbeoverthetop(OTT),middleoftheroad(MOR),undertheradar(UTR),complexpersonalities(CP),orinvisible(INV).Then,theirvisibility(1-5)iscalculatedusingaformulathattakesintoaccountsentencesspoken,howmuchotherpeoplediscussthem,andinterviews/confes-sionals.Theyarealsotoned,rangingfromNN(portrayedinaverynegativelight)toN,tonotone,toP,toPP(beingportrayedinaverypositivelight).

    Tonecanhelpyoudeterminetheeditorsintent,saysLexxan,atwenty-somethingelementaryteacherlivinginCaliforniaandlongtimeedgiccontributor.Thebasic,underlyingtheorybehindtoneisthattheeditorswanttheviewertolikethewinner,re-spectthewinner,orboth.However,theyalsowantthewinnertobesomewhatofasur-prise.Forexample,almostallthewinnersareeitherCP,whichmeanstheusersareshown

    andledtounderstandthewinnersstrategicalplaystylebytheeditors,orP,whichmeansthattheviewerscanrootforthatpersonandbesatisfiedthattheywon.

    However,edgicisntallratingsandnumbers.Edgicalsotriestoidentifystoryarcs,andwhentheywillcometoaclose.Predictingandidentifyingconclusionstostoryarcscanhelpidentifyhowsuccessfulacontestantwillbe-ongoingstoryarcsmeanthatthecontes-tantisstickingaround,butalackofongoingstorylinesmeanthecontestantcouldbeindanger.

    A[goodexampleofa]storyarcthisseasonistheconnectionbetween[contestants]MattandAndrea,saysLexxan.Inthisseason,playerswhoarevotedoutmustduelwiththeothercastawayswhoarevotedout,andthepersonwhoremainscomebackintothetribeafteracertainperiodoftime.SinceMattwasblindsidedandAndreakept[talking]abouthim,Edgicidentifiedthattheirstoryarcwasnotover,andthatMattwouldbereturning.However,onceMattreturned,AndreagaveaninterviewsayingthatshelikedMatt,butthathewaswishy-washyandthatshenolon-gerwantedhim.Therefore,EdgicpredictedthatMattwouldnotreturntothegameagainafterhewasvotedout,sincehenolongerhasanyactivestoryarcs.

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    When you put so much effort into [guessing the winner] and end up being right, its an amazing feeling.

    Get more information about TV and entertainment at:

    nowezine.blogspot.com

  • 17

    Ryans Roadmap:

    RyansRoadmapisaplancreatedbyUSCongressmanPaulRyanthatdetailswhattheUSgovernmentmustdotoavoidunsustainabledebtthatwouldthreatentodestroytheUSeconomy.Ithasstirredupgreatcontroversyforitsradicalproposedchanges.SomebelievethatonlythroughhisplancantheUSavoidbeingcrushedbyunsustainablegovernmentspendinganddebtwhileothersbelievethathisplanaffectstheveryfoundationsofUSnationalpolicyanditselfwillleadtheUStoeconomicruin.

    What does his plan propose?

    What is Ryans Roadmap?

    Healthcare: Providesuniversalhealth-careaccesstoaffordablehealthinsurance,byshiftingtheownershipofhealthcoveragefromthegovernmentandemployerstoindividuals.Itprovidesarefundabletaxcredit$2,500forindividualsand$5,000forfamiliestopurchasecoverage.

    MedicaidandMedicare: ThebillmodernizesMedicaidbygivingstatesmaximumflexibil-itytotailortheirMedicaidprogramstothespecificneedsoftheirpopulations.ItalsocreatesaMedicarepaymentofaround$11,000ayearwithpaymentadjustedforinflationandpegsittoincome.Thismakesitpermenentlysolvent.

    SocialSecurity. Workersunder55willhavetheoptionofinvestingoverone-thirdoftheircurrentSocialSecuritytaxesintopersonalretirementaccounts.Thesepersonalac-countsarelikelytogrowfasterthanthetraditionalbenefit.Theyarealsothepropertyoftheindividual,andarethusfullyinheritable.ThebillincludesaguaranteethatnoonestotalSocialSecuritybenefitsfromthepersonalaccountswillbelessthanifhehadchosentosayinthecurrentsystem.

    TaxReform: Thebillfirstofalloffersindividualsachoiceofhowtopaytheirtaxeseitherthroughtheexistinglaw,orthroughasimplifiedcodewithataxreturnthatfitsonapostcard.Theratesinthesimplifiedcodeare10%onincomeupto$100,000forjointfilers($50,000forsinglefilers);and25%ontaxableincomeabovetheseamounts.Onthebusinessside,thebillgetsridofouruncompetitivecorporatetaxcurrentlythesecondhighestintheindustrial-

    ViableChangeforAmericasFuture?

    ASF

    By: Daniel C.

  • Issue 1 || June 2011

    18

    Pros:

    Comprehensiveandisbackedupbynumbers

    ExpectedtocutUSdebtbyaround4trillionand lift the burden of debt from the futuregenerationsofAmerica

    Ensuresuniversalhealthcare

    Makes Social Security and Medicare/ Med-caidpermanentlysolvent

    Promotes US job creation and competitive-ness

    Cons:

    BringsalongmassiveandradicalchangetotheveryfoundationoftheUS

    Althoughitmaycutthedeceit,itwilldosoonthebacksoftheseniors,thepoorandregularworkingcitizens

    Simplytransfersthehealthcarecostsfromthegov-ernmentontothepeople

    Doesnotfitwithprevailingviewoneconomicpoli-cyandeconomichistoryandisprobabletoleadtheUSbackintoarecession

    Doesnotmentionwhatkindofdiscretionaryordefensespendingshouldbecut

    There are better alternatives to the solutions pre-sentedbyPaulRyan

    AlthoughIdoagreethattheUSdoeshaveatremendousproblemwithdebt,RyansRoadmapisnotthewaytogo.Itdoeshave very good ideas that look good on paper, butwhen actu-allyimplemented,ititmaynotworkoutasplanned.Thebiggestproblemisthatthereisnoconsensusonit,therearefartoomanycriticsofhisplanforittotrulygainpublicsupport.Whatneedstohappenisabi-partisanplanmutuallyagreeduponbybothDemo-cratsandRepublicans.RyansRoadmapisagoodstepintherightdirectionbutitselfisnotaviableplan.

    Is it Viable?

    izedworldandreplacesitwithabusinessconsumptiontaxof8.5%,whichishalftheaverageindustrializedworldrate.

    JobTraining: Transforms49jobtrainingprograms,scatteredacrosseightagencies,intoaflexible,dynamicprogramfocusedonresults,andaccompanied by clearmeasures of transparency. It allows statestoconsolidatefundingintooneprogramifresultsshowthatthismethodimprovestheoutcome.

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  • Issue 1 || June 2011

    22

    How to lose your Muffin Top in 30 days

  • 23

    How to Lose Your Muffin Top in 30 Days

    DIET

    Everyones seen the ads for the faddiets-HealthyTrim,RevealExtreme,and countless others spend millionseach year advertising their products.Unfortunately, the hard truth is thatthere isno magicpill youcan taketo instantly get thinner. However,that doesnt mean that you cant eatbetter. Here are some steps you cantake to cut down that extra bulge:

    1. Cut down on meatMeat is one of the heavy hit-ters that can really add someextrapoundage.AccordingtoaPETAresearchstudy,redmeat(such as beef) is particularlybadforyouand,inadditiontomaking you weigh more, canalsoleadtoheartproblemslat-erinlife.Obviously,thisarticleisnt encouraging vegetarian-ism.However, ifyoureseriousabout losingweight, try to cutout red meat entirely and eatwhitemeat(suchas)nomorethanonceor twice eachweek.The key here is moderation.

    2. Watch Your Carbs

    Carbohydrates,suchasbread,pasta,andrice,canalsoaddtosomebodysweight.Mostpeopledont thinkofbreadasbe-ing unhealthy, but unfortunately, car-bohydrates can be as bad as fats. Sincebread is a staple food of the Americandiet, Iwont suggest thatyoucut itout.However,whatyoucandoiseathealth-ier. Whole grain alternatives are avail-able for bread, pasta, and many othercarbohydrates.According to theWholeGrains Council, these foods give youbetternutrientsandtendtobelowerincalories. In addition, they can reducethe risk of heart disease and stroke.

    3. Dont

    Diet Too

    Much!

    Unfortunately, in modern society,manypeopleareundertheimpressionthat simply eating less (or in extremecases,noteatingatall)willcausethemto quickly lose weight. However, thisisnot a good idea.According toPBS,when you drastically cut your calorieintake, your body goes into faminemode,conservingasmanycaloriesasit can, and slowing your metabolismwaydown.Thiswillmakeitnearlyim-possible to lose weight, and besides,youllbeabsolutelymiserable.Instead,try to cut between 10 and 15 percentof your daily calories.This will forceyour body to burn fat reserves, butit wont send your body reeling andstruggling to hold on to each calorie.

  • Issue 1 || June 2011

    24

    Advice from personal trainer Ishaan G.

    4. You Dont Have to Give Up Good FoodJust because you are dieting, thatdoes notmean that you shouldntenjoy yourself once in a while.You should feel free to eat cake atabirthdayparty,ororderapizzaifyourereallytiredanddontfeellikecooking.Ionceknewawomanwhowastryingtoloseweightbycuttingoutall junkfood,buttheproblemwas,shefelloffthewagonandhada cookie binge every twomonths.Dont worry about the occasion-al treat, just dont go overboard!

    5. Dont W

    orry

    If You Do

    nt See

    Perfect R

    esults

    Right Aw

    ay

    Everyones body is different. Even ifyoudontseeresultsinthefirstcoupleweeks, dont freak out. Depending onhow overweight you are, it may takeover a month to start seeing weightloss. Of course, dont take it to theother extreme and assume youre do-ing it right, either. If you cant seemto lose anyweightwith yourdiet andexercise, see a nutritionist, especial-ly if you have special dietary needs.

    EXERCISEOf course, no diet is complete without a correspond-ing exercise plan. Youll need to make a good ef-fort to work out each and every day. In addition,youll need to make sure to exercise safely and fol-lowmy guidelines to loseweightwhile avoiding inju-ry andburnout.Using these simple tips, Iwas able tolose 10 percent ofmy bodyweight, and you can too!

    1.Work Out! Every day!

    Believeitornot,thisisoneofthesimplesttips,butpeoplereally struggle with stayingconsistent.Itsverytemptingto come home from a longday of work or school andjust collapse. During a re-centspringbreak,afriendofminedecidedtotakeaweek-long break from exercising.When school started backupagain,hewasshockedtolearn that he had gained 4pounds!Fallingoffthewag-onmakesitmuchhardertoget back on. Trust me: itsvery demoralizing to workfor a month to lose weightandfindoutthatyouveputitrightbackonagaininjustafewdays.Youcanalsolosemuscle tone after just 72hours!Mostoftheothertipshavewiggleroom,butthisisveryimportant:ifatallpos-sible,workout.Therearesev

    eralgoodexerciseprograms,suchasthe10-minutesolu-tionseries,thattrytosqueezeasmuchexerciseaspossibleintoashortamountoftime.

  • 25

    Find more tips at nowezine.blogspot.com

    2. Switch It Up

    When youre trying to get ridof fat, the easiest thing youcan do is turn it intomuscle.Therefore, you should try todomanydifferenttypesofex-ercise.AccordingtotheCDC,a good formula to follow is:4 days of strength training,2 days of moderate to in-tense cardiovascular exercise,and 1 day of light flexibil-ity or, occasionally, a rest day.

    3. Dont Work

    Too Hard

    The key to effective exer-cise is: not too little, nottoo much! As I said in tipnumber 1, avoid skippingdays, but at the same time,working out for more thantwo hours per day is a badidea. If you exercise toomuch, you have a high riskof straining or injuring amuscle, and that would behorrible.Afterall,yourenotgoingjoggingwithcrutches!

    4. Work

    Out With A

    Partner

    Ifatallpossible, (hopefullyyouhaveat leastone friendorloved one whos interested in doing this with you) try toworkoutwith someone else.This is a great safetynet andsomeonewhowill keep youmotivated can go a longwaytowards helping you keep working out. Many people arecompetitive,and ifyouaredoingbetter thanyourpartner,youenjoyworkingoutandshowingoffmore.Conversely,ifyourpartnerishavingmoresuccessthanyou,itmightmo-tivateyouandpropelyoutotryharder.Inaddition,havingsomeoneelse toshareanexperiencewith is justmorefun!

    5. Have Fun

    With It!

    Exerciseshouldbefun,notachore.Itsvery important to do something thatyou enjoy. Dont do something youhate just because you think itll slimyoudown-youlljustfalloffthewagonlater. If you enjoy the water, rowingor kayaking can be a great workout.Ifyoudontwant to leaveyourhouse,therearea lotofgreatexercisevideosthatyoucanbuyorfindonNetflix.Ifyou enjoy having an instructor, a pi-lates or yoga class can be a great op-tion.Themorefunyouhave,themoremotivated you will be to lose weight!

  • Issue 1 || June 2011

    26

    TheWorld

    That LiesAhead

    By: Yahir B.

  • 2020

    Location: SwedenEvent: Becomes Oil FreeHow: Large-scale investments in renewable energy, massive tax incentives and grants for scientific research, and a detailed programme of energy conservation. You: Move to Sweden as it will prosper in the coming yearsExtra Info: The country is powered entirely by zero-carbon technologies, and has rid itself completely of gasoline cars and oil-heated homes. From this de-cade onwards, Sweden experiences massive prosperity and growth.

  • Issue 1 || June 2011

    2021

    Location: World-WideEvent: Global average temperatures have risen by 1C ue to increasing CO2 levelsWhy: Due to increasing CO2 levelsYou: Chronic water Shortages SouthWest United States. Damage to agriculture rising food prices.Extra Info: This is merely the global average, Many in-land areas are subjected to larger fluctuations. Great Plains in the USA is one such region are now experi-encing dustbowl conditions. This is having a consider-able impact on agriculture and the economy, exacer-bating the damage caused by higher fuel prices. Some of the larger dust storms are alarming in their scale and severity.

  • Location: Qatar, a tiny Persian Gulf nation of just 1.7 mil-lion people.Event: FIFA World CupContraversy: Huge risk in terms of the scale of the new construction that is necessary. Of the 12 stadiums, nine do not exist and three need major renovation. Lu-sail, the city where the World Cup final will be staged, is still being built. Summers in Qatar can reach 50C.Solutions: However, each stadium employs state-of-the-art cooling technology, capable of reducing tem-peratures by over 20 degrees celsius. You: Average American has no interest in soccer. Extra Info: It becomes the first country in the Middle East to host the World Cup.

    2022By:W

    IllowSm

    ith

  • Issue 1 || June 2011

    EmirSim

    sek

    Location: TurkeyEvent: Entirely self-sufficient in energy production - with 10 billion barrels of oil reserves and over 1.5 trillion cubic meters of natural gas uncovered in the Black Sea.Impact: These huge reserves have enabled the coun-try to completely end its dependence on foreign im-ports and meet its energy needs for at least the next 30 years. Turkeys standing in the world is increased significantly as a result, boosted further by its recent entry into the EU.You: Will more cheaper oil or they will raise if the country decides to keep the energy to itself.

    2023

  • 2024

    Location: BangledashEvent: The biggest refugee crisis in world historyReason: Torrential flooding in southeast Asia - brought on by a combination of rising sea levels, melting gla-ciers and extreme weather events Effect: Millions are drowned, while many others die in the subsequent looting and chaos that sweeps the nation, and a whole series of conflicts begins to erupt along the border with India.Extra Info: Salt in the ground means that fields up to 40km from the new coastline are rendered useless for growing crops. You: No direct impact..

    By:John

    May

  • 2Issue 1 || June 2011

    2025

    Location: ChinaEvent: Chinas economy continues to boom Growth: There are now over 200 cities with more than a million inhabitants, compared with just 35 in the whole of Europe circa 2010.Effect: All of this has a considerable impact on the price of steel and other materials, which leads to cut-backs of many large-scale development projects in Europe, America and elsewhere.Extra Info: As China booms, its power requirements are soaring. By 2025 its nuclear power generating ca-pacity is nearly 150 billion kilowatthours (khwh), pass-ing that of Canada and Russia.You: Prices of goods will rise as chinese wages rise.

    EmirSim

    sek

    By:John

    May

  • 1Location: MaldivesEvent: Rising sea levels are wreaking havoc on the MaldivesReason: At an average of just 1.5m above sea level, the Maldives is the lowest lying country on the planet. Effect: Rising sea levels are now beginning to devas-tate its economy, one-third of which relies on tourism.Extra Info: The mere talk of a possible submersion, in recent years, had been damaging investor confidence. By this date, however, the tangible reality of global warming has led to the wholesale abandonment of many islands.You: No direct impact.. More evidence of climate change.

    2026

  • 2Issue 1 || June 2011

    Location: Many NationsEvent: Carbon sequestration is underway in many nationsReason: Following years of research and develop-ment, a number of geoengineering techniques are now being utilised for trapping and removing CO2. This is offering fresh hope for mitigating the effects of cli-mate change. Effect: Mitigating the effects of climate change.Extra Info: The most significant technology is clean coal, being fitted to power plants. This is seeing wide-spread adoption, since it now costs less than unse-questered coal-based power generation. The carbon dioxide is stored in geological formations deep under-ground (including some empty oil wells).

    2027

  • 1Location: United StatesEvent: Manned fighter planes are being phased out and replaced with UAVsExample: By this date, the A-10 Thunderbolt II has been replaced completely by the F-35 Lightning II - which it-self becomes one of the last remaining manned fighter planes in the US military.Effect: Less loss of life as human incorporation is un-nessesaryExtra Info: The F-35 will remain in operation until the 2040s, eventually being replaced by a new generation of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) controlled by ad-vanced AI. The F-35 was the latest manned aircraft the military aquired.

    2028By:D

    anielH

    u

  • 2Issue 1 || June 2011

    2029

    Location: United StatesEvent: Human-like AI is becoming a realityExample: A major milestone is reached in the field of AI research this year, as a computer passes the Turing Test for the very first time. In a virtual reality setting, a human judge is made to engage in a natural language conversation with one human and one machine, each of which tries to appear human. The participants are placed in isolated locations.Outcome: Graphics and voice effects have already progressed to the point that CGI characters are visu-ally indistinguishable from real people. However, com-puter intelligence and interaction have also grown ex-ponentially, such that the judge is now literally unable to tell the machine from the real human.

  • 12030--Global Population is Reaching Crisis Point

    Continuedpopulationgrowth-andtherapidindustrialisationofemergingeconomies-ishavingasubstantialimpactonfood,waterandenergysupplies.*Intheearly2000s,thereweresixbillionpeopleonEarth.By2030,thereareanadditionaltwobillion,mostofthemfrompoorcoun-tries.HumanitysecologicalfootprintissuchthatitnowrequirestheequivalentoftwowholeEarthstosustainitself.Farmland,freshwaterandnaturalresourcesarebecomingscarcerbytheday.Theextraone-thirdofhumanbeingsontheplanetmeansthatenergyrequirementshavesoared,atatimewhenfossilfuelsuppliesareinterminaldecline.AseriesofconflictshasbeenunfoldingintheMiddleEast,AsiaandAfrica,attimesthreateningtospilloverintoEurope.WithAmericainvolvedtoo,theworldisteeteringonthebrinkofamajorglobalwar.ThissituationhasbeenexasperatedbyrecentterroristattacksonWesterninterests.Thereistheaddedissueofclimatechange,withCO2levelsnowreaching450partspermillion.Therearesignsthatatippingpointhasbeenreached,whichismanifestingitselfintheformofrunawayenvironmentaldegradation.Naturesecosystemsarebeginningtocol-

  • 2Issue 1 || June 20112030--Global Population is Reaching Crisis Point

    lapseonascalerarelywitnessedinEarthshistory.Theacceleratingmagnitudeoftheseandotherproblemsisleadingtoarapidmigrationfromtraditionalfossilfuelstorenewableenergy.Advancesinnanotechnologyhaveresultedingreatlyimprovedsolarpower.Insomecountries,thishasenabledphotovoltaicmaterialstobeaddedtoalmosteverynewbuilding.Maglevwindpowerisbeginningtoreplacetraditionalwindturbines,allowingforgreatercapacityinasmallerfootprint.Energysuppliesingeneralarebecomingmorelocalisedandself-sufficient,whilepowerconservationisbeingtakenmoreseriously.Anotherissuewhichgovernmentshavetocontendwithduringthistimeistheageingpopulation,whichhasseenadoublingofretiredpersonssincetheyear2000.Peoplearelivinglonger,healthierlives.Hugebudgetincreaseshavebeenmadeforstatepensions,butthefundingisspreadoversuchalargenumberofpeoplethattheoveralleffectisadecreasedincomefortheaverageseniorcitizen.Retire-mentagesareincreasing:inAmerica,AsiaandmostEuropeancountries,manyemployeesareforcedtoworkintotheir70s.

  • 38

    CONTINUED FROM PAGE 12 His personal experiences with thosedifficulties times and extremelyuncoop-erativeworkershaveforeverchangedhisviewoncompaniesandcausedhimtore-alizeseveralaspectsofthemoderncom-panythatarehiddenawayfromtheviewofsociety. Creating a company isnt as greatand glorious asmost people think it is,XinZhaosaid.Inthemodernworld,thecompany doesnt actually have a lot ofpower.Itcantdoanythingtoensurethequalityoftheworkcreatedbyitsworkers,[it cant force them todoanything].Thecompanyispowerlessandweakunderthestrengthoftheworkers. This lack of power and the employ-ees uncooperative attitude only furthercompound the difficulty and complexityof starting up a company he says. Eventhough he is now the CEO of a strongstart-up,XinZhaofinds that thebenefitsofastart-upmaynotbegreaterthanthestressandworrythatanentrepreneurhastoendure. Manypeopleareeagerandexcitedtocreatetheirownbusinessduetothefree-

    domandflexibility that it brings.But inreality,thebenefitsofcreatingacompanyarentthatstellar,heexplained.Variouslaws and overly high expectations fromsocietyhavecausedcompaniestotakeona lot of responsibilities that it shouldnthave to do. [That] coupledwith the factthat companies have no power and itmakes surviving as a start-up to be ex-tremelydifficult. Butwiththatsaid,thefewcompaniesthatdomanagetofindtheirownnicheinthebusinessworldandsurvivetheexcru-ciatingjourneygettoexperiencetheben-efits of success. XinZhaos company wasoneofthose.Throughhis8yearsofsheerdetermination,boldexperimentationandabitofluck,hehasfinallyprevailed.Hiscompanyhashasgonethroughitallandnowitlookstogrowstrongerthaneverinthefuture. After these recent years of experi-mentationandhardworkwehavefinallyfoundoutour customerbase andwherewe want to take our business, he said.Our success in the futurewillbedeter-minedonhow the economyacceptsourdecision. To just get to this point it has

    takenmanyyearsofgroundworkandper-severance.Manystart-upsinthisprocesshavealreadydiedbeforetheyevenreachthisstage[ofselfrealization]. Back in his office, XinZhao peersthroughhiswindowandseesthebusycitybelowhimhecanthelpbut thinkaboutthepastdifficultieshehashadtofaceandhowhiscompanyalmostdidntmakeitafewmonthsago.Butthepasthasalreadygonebyandtodayheknowshiscompanyhassurvivedthroughthehardestoftimesand is ready to face any new challengesthatmaypresentthemselvesinthefuture.Initialsuccessisaprocessofdetermi-nation, experimentation and persever-ance, XinZhao said. Continued successistoalwayspushtheboundariesofwhatpeoplethinkispossible.

    thedebtcrisisneedstoberecognizedandtheUShastotakeimmediateanddecisiveactions towardreducing it.Actions suchascurbinggovernmentexpenditures,en-titlement reform, raising taxes, and cut-ting current deficits would greatly helpremedy the debt crisis. Although these

    CONTINUED FROM PAGE 8

  • Issue 1 || March 2011

    DespiteEdgicsdrawbacks,however,itisstillanincrediblyaccuratesystemforpredictingthewinner.Outofthe11sea-sons of Survivor thatEdgic has record,Edgichassuccessfullypredictedthewin-nerseventimes,andhadthewinnerasthe second-most-likely possibility in 2

    otherseasons.ItsoneofthecoolestthingsIveeverbeenapartof, saysOowantite. Itwas

    39

    CONTINUED FROM PAGE 16 Of course, Edgic isnt infallible.Theyve misidentified ratings, storyarcs,andevenguessedacompletelyincorrectwinnerseveraltimes.WereallygotburnedinGuatemalaandGabon,saysFatLittleFingers,anengineering student who resides inOntario.Wejustfailedtotakeintoaccounthowtheeditingwouldpor-tray thewinners if theyhadaUTRplaystyle.Becauseofourinflexibil-ityandunwillingnesstochange,wewere completely wrong, and thatswhywebecamealittlebitmoreopentounconventionaledits.Infact,hadwe not changed the guidelines, wewouldhavefailedtopredictthewin-nerofSamoa.Edgicisascience,butitsaflexiblescience,kindoflikebiology.Itsal-wayschanging.

    ascienceexperimentthatactuallyendedupbeingasuccess.Itsalotoffuntotryandguessthewinner,andwhenyouputsomucheffortintoitandendupbeingright, its an amazing feeling. failed topredict thewinnerofSamoa.Edgic isascience,butitsaflexiblescience,kindof

    likebiology.Itsalwayschang-ing. DespiteEdgicsdrawbacks,however,itisstillanincrediblyaccurate system for predict-ingthewinner.Outof the11seasonsofSurvivorthatEdgichasrecord,Edgichassuccess-fully predicted the winnerseventimes,andhadthewin-ner as the second-most-likelypossibilityin2otherseasons. Its one of the coolestthingsIveeverbeenapartof,saysOowantite. Itwas a sci-enceexperiment that actuallyendedupbeingasuccess.Itsalotoffuntotryandguessthe

    winner, andwhen youput somuch ef-fortintoitandendupbeingright,itsanamazingfeeling.

    policies may not be popular now, the futuregenerations of America will thank us for notpushing the burden of debt onto them.Afterall,asthefamousAmericanphilosopherRalphWaldoEmersononcesaid,Amanindebtissofaraslave.

  • 1