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Nabhasa Yogas

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    G. K. Goel is an Engineer by professionand his interest in Astrology goes backsince last four decades. He is regularly

    conducting the classes at 'Astro ResearchOrg. Delhi since 1991 and was an honoraryfaculty member for the refresher coursesconducted in 'Lal Bahadur SanskritVidyapeeth (a deemed University) underthe auspices of UGC. His articles arepublished in many leading journals andcontributing to many astrological sites. Thepresent article is the result of his in depthstudy of the subject and placed these yogasin a completely different light. These arethe basic yogas and should be studied at theinitial stage of synthesis of any nativity. It isour earnest belief that readers will beimmensely benefit from this review ofNabhas yogas which is placed incompletely new light"

    Nabhasa YogasByG.K. Goel, IndiaIf one has realized ones self here, truth

    is fulfilled; if one does not realize ones selfhere, it is a supremely GREAT loss. Reflectingupon the self in every experience the wisetranscend this world and immortality (Self).

    -Kenopanishad, Cp2 (5)

    IntroductionEach planet, Rasi (Sign) and Bhava

    (house) are assigned natural signification(Naisargika Karkatva). Similarly, the eachnativity also has its own natural significationas a whole. This signification is indicated by

    Nabhasa Yogas.What is the universe? The

    Bhagwatam Purana says the Universe isbeginningless, endless (Sanatana) andimmortal cycle of Karma. It has only twofruits (1) Renunciation - be part of the one(Self), (2) or be part of the immortal cycleof Karma (unending Vasanas).

    All Jeevas (living beings) are a part ofthis immortal cycle of Karma. No oneseems to be aware of the purpose of humanexistence. Most of the human beings craveto get something material, somethinggross, and something substantial. Humansare attracted by superficiality like othercreatures, but in a more sophisticatedmanner.

    Ancient seers and sages hadexperienced within themselves deep

    personal knowledge of the Self. Soundlogic and reason supported every

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    statement. They went about it with

    mathematical precision. They teach us Action is the insignia of life. The law of lifeproclaims that none can remain even for a moment without performing activity. Everyone ismade to act helplessly according to ones own inner temperament. Natural law indicates thatif one chooses to remain idle one is petrified and perishes.

    The basic nature of man is the cumulative effect of all his past thoughts, desires and actions. Past

    activities are the cause. Present nature or constitution is the effect. This is indicated by NabhasYogas.

    Vedic astrology divides the Karma (action) in three categories namely:

    (i) Sanchit - Total accumulated Karma or remaining unexhausted Karma Phala(Fruits of action) from all previous births. These are identified with the help ofvarious Yogas formed in the nativity.

    (ii) Prarabdha - Bhagya (Fate and Destiny) - This is indicated by various Dasas

    (directions) operating at a given time.(iii)Kriyaman - Actions that manifest into fruits in a given period on a specific time of

    the life of individual. These are ascertained with the help of Transit of planets.

    The word Yoga is derived from its root Yuj, which means to join, to unite. Inastrology, Yogas means a special planetary combination, which reveals inherent inclinations,possibilities of political power and influence, wealth, asceticism, misery, debts, dishonesty,corruption etc. If special Yogas for aristas or misfortune are present in a horoscope, theperson will face miseries in life, even though according to ordinary astrological rules, such a

    horoscope is a promising one. Thus extensive knowledge of Yoga is very necessary forproper assessment of horoscopes indications.

    There are innumerable Yogas expounded in Jataka Granthas. Dr. SukhadevChaturvedi, head of the astrology department of Shri Lal Bahadur Sanskrit Vidyapeeth,New Delhi, made a compilation of 832 main Yogas. Even, these do not include such Yogaswhich are based on some specific principles like :(1) Yogas of two, three planets and so on,(2) Yogas in Vargas, (Divisional Charts), (3) Raj Yogas, (4) Sanyas Yogas, (5) Female JatakaYogas, (6) Yogas for finance and poverty, (7) Yogas for service and business, (8) Yogasbased on Char Karakas, (9) Yogas based on Pada Lagans and (10) Graha Arudhas.

    Prashna Marga gives the following definition on the formation of astrological Yogas ofvarious categories in Chapter 9:LFkkurks Hkkor% LFkkuHkkouHkpjSALFkku HkkolHk;ksxkn~Hkko[kspj ;ksxr%AA49AA

    ;ksxk% L;q% ifM~o|k% LFkku[kspjkH;ka rq lIre%AmPpewyf=kdks.kkfn xzgk.kka LFkkueqP;rSAA50AAHkkok yXukn;% izk sDrk% [kspjk HkkLdjkn;%AHkkoLFkkuxzgS% izksDrs ;ksxs ;s ;ksxgsro%AA5AA

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    Rskka oyh ;% drkZ L;kRl ,okL; iQyiznkAA52AAThere are seven ways for formation of various Yogas: (I) Those formed by position,

    (ii) by houses, (iii) by planets, (iv) formed with the help of all the three - position, housesand planets, (v) by position and houses only, (vi) by position and planets, (vii) and thoseformed by houses and planets. The position means the placement in 12 Rasis (signs)- Ariesetc. (The signs are also identified as Exaltation, Mool -Trikona etc. for planets). The housesmean the 12 houses commencing from the Ascendant (Lagna). The planets mean the nineplanets Sun etc. The combination of these constituents causes the formation of variousYogas of different categories.

    The strongest constituent in forming a particular Yoga is called the Yogakarta and itis this which gives the results of Yoga (in its directional period-dasa and during transit).

    Brihat Parasara Hora Shastra is an ancient and extremely comprehensive treatise onVedic Astrology. In fact, this book lays down the basic fundamentals of Indian Astrology.Maharishi Parasara narrated this Shastra to his disciple Maitraye around 1800 B.C.

    (According to Vishnu Purana, V.E. point was in first quarter of Krittika Nakshatra in thatEra).

    After describing the characteristics and effects of (i) planets, (ii) signs-rasis, and (iii)houses or bhavas (in fact Sixteen Division Charts are basically bhava charts of differentcategories), Maharishi Parasara expresses the importance of Yogas in following words as aconcluding remark in Chapter 36 of BPHS:,oa Hkkokf/iR;su tUeyXu'kkfngA'kqHkRoe'kqHksRoa p xzgk.kka izfrikfnre~ZAA45AA

    izU;kukZi iqu;ks Zxku~ ukHklknhu fofpUR; oSAnsfguka p iQya okP;a izo{;fe p rkuge~AA46AAUp till now, I have explained the methods to judge the auspicious and inauspicious

    results of planets based on the twine principles: number one, based on the ascendant(Lagna), the rising sign at the time of birth; and number two, based on the lordship of thehouses. However, there are different categories of Yogas like Nabhasa Yoga etc., which areto be considered in depth before arriving at a final judgment and prediction for a nativity.

    Parasara has, therefore, laid extra emphasis on the consideration of Yogas, out whichthe Nabhasa Yogas attain an apex position.

    NABHAS YOGA

    There are 32 main Nabhasa Yogas, which are classified in four categories.

    The word Nabhasa means the sky. As such, the Yogas are formed in the sky with thehelp of all the three constituents, namely all the seven planets (excluding Rahu and Ketu),all the 12 signs and the 12 houses (including all shodhas vargas - 16 divisional charts), arecalled the Nabhasa Yogas. In these Yogas, all seven planets participate simultaneously.Each nativity will have at least one yoga out of 32 main Nabhasa Yogas.

    The main question which arises is that why are only seven planets are considered andRahu and Ketu are excluded? There are fundamental reasons for excluding these two

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    Chhaya Grahas (nodes of the moon). This aspect needs to be examined in some detail as itcontains the key to understand the purpose and utility of the Nabhasa Yogas.

    The Jeeva or the individual soul or self is in reality Pursha, who operates in this worldthrough the causal, subtle and gross (physical) body. The causal body is the combination ofsoul and the mind (manah) - the sun and the Moon. This represents the creative principle inthe Universe .The causal body is constituted of mere desires (Vasanas). Therefore this bodyis the seed of one's personality in the unmanifested form. The causal body manifests andfunctions itself as the subtle (astral) body (the linga sareer), which operates with the help offive senses of perception represented by Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn. In otherwords, the subtle body is composed of feelings, emotions and thoughts generated on accountof accumulated Vasanas from past births. Thus, the linga sareera represents the personalityof an individual. This personality functions through the Gross body.

    Nabhasa Yogas indicate basic traits and personality represented by the subtle body. Thesubtle body is like a sapling. It can be made to grow any way one likes. Similarly, theindications given by Nabhasa Yogas can be changed, modified or molded into any directionbased on the vibration generated by the placement of Rahu and Ketu along with other Yogas

    in the nativity operating from time to time.The causal and subtle body operates through the Gross body. The gross body is like

    fully grown tree, which cannot be modified. As much, you can change or modify yourfeeling, emotions and thoughts manifesting in the Gross body, if you can control at the levelof the subtle body, which supports the Gross body. Thus, Nabhasa Yogas contain andprovide basic information that ultimately helps the individual to operate and use his ownfree will for the improvement of his lot.

    Parasara narrated 32 Nabhasa Yogas. These are divided in four categories; there (3) arecalled Ashraya Yoga, two (2) Dala Yogas, twenty (20) Akriti Yoga and 7 (seven) Sankhya

    Yogas. These 32 Nabhasa Yogas again have 1800 different varieties (sub-divisions).These numbers-32 and 1800 are of mystic nature as they represent subtle body (and not

    the gross body). The soul is immortal and never changes, it is the manah- mind that isresponsible for the cycle of Birth and death, creation and destruction.

    The Moon returns to the same point in the Zodiac in about 18.60 years, (which is thesidereal the period of Rahu and Ketu). If 32 is divided by number 1800, the remainder willalways be 14. The number 14 represents 14 bhuvans (mansions) in which soul reappears asjeeva to exhaust his accumulated karma. Therefore, these numbers indicate the universal andimmortal cycle of Karma.

    Even, in the days of Varaha-Mihira and Kalyan Varma, the Nabhasa Yoga are givendue importance. But, it is little surprising that Saravali says;;ouk|SfoZLrjr% dfFkrk ;ksxkLrq ukHklk ukEukAv Vkn'k 'krxqf.krkLrs kka }kf=ka'kfng o{;sAA22@2AA

    "Yavan and other Acharyas indicated 1800 Nabhasa Yoga. I, Kalyan Varma indicatetheir 32 main categories."

    Bhattotpala in his famous commentary on Brihat Jataka, mentions that he could notget the opportunity to study such monumental work- "Brihat Parasara Hora Shastra".

    There was a state of neglect of Nabhasa Yogas in last 1500 years. We have evenforgotten that Parasara was actually the original and primary source of information onNabhasa Yogas.

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    Similarly, Nabhasa Yogas indicate the natural traits of the personality of anindividual and these never change. These traits manifest in the life of an individualwith the help or superimposition of other Yogas. This is an important point, whichshould not be lost sight of.Nabhasa Yogas and Their Significations Effects)

    Parasara indicted following 32 Nabhasa Yogas, divided in 4 categories:

    1. 3 (Three) Asharya Yogas: Rajju, Musala and Nala.

    2. 2 (Two) Dal Yogas: Maala (Srik)and Sarpa(Bhujang).

    3. 20 (Twenty) Akriti Yogas: Gada, Shakata,Vihag(Pakshi), Shringataka, Hala,Vajra, Yava, Kamala(Abja), Vapi, Yupa, Shara(Ishu or Vana), Shakti, Danda,Nauka, Koota, Chattara, Dhanushi(Chapa), Ardha Chandra, Chakra, andSamudra.

    4. 7 (Seven) Sankhya Yogas: Vallaki, Daama, Pasha, Kedara, Shoola, Yuga, andGola.

    No. Names Description

    12

    3

    1

    2

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    7

    RajjuMusla

    Nala

    Srik or Maala

    Sarpa

    Gada

    Shakata

    Vihaga

    Sringatak

    Hala

    Vajra

    Yava

    The 3 Asraya YogasAll planets occupy the movable signsAll planets occupy the fixed signs

    All planets occupy the common or dual signs

    The 2 Dala YogasBenefic planets occupy the Kendras

    Malefic planets occupy the Kendras

    The 20 Akriti YogasAll planets occupy any two adjacent angular houses

    All planets occupy the 1st and 7th houses

    All planets occupy the 4th and 10th houses

    All planets occupy the 1st,5th and 9th houses-Trines

    All planets occupy any of the other triangular house

    Benefic planets occupy the 1st and 7th houses and malefic planetsoccupy the 4th and 10th houses.

    Malefic planets occupy the 1st and 7th houses and Benefic planetsoccupy the 4th and 10th houses.

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    8

    9

    10

    11

    12

    1314

    15

    16

    17

    18

    19

    20

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    7

    Kamala(Abuja)

    Vapi

    Yupa

    Ishu or Vana

    Sakthi

    DandaNauka

    Koota

    Chhatra

    Chapa

    Ardha Chandra

    Samudra

    Chakra

    Veena (Vallaki)

    Daamini

    Pasha(Pushpa)

    Kedar

    Shool

    Yuga

    Gola

    All planets occupy all the four angular houses

    All planets occupy the eight houses other than angular houses

    All planets occupy the four signs from Lagna (Ascendant).

    All planets occupy the four signs from the 4th house.

    All planets occupy the four signs from the 7th house

    All planets occupy the four signs from the 10th house.All planets occupy the seven signs from Ascendant.

    All planets occupy the seven signs from the 4th house

    All planets occupy the seven signs from the 7th house

    All planets occupy the seven signs from the 10th houseAll planets occupy the seven signs from a Panaphara or Apoklima house.

    All planets occupy the six alternate signs from the 2nd house.

    All planets occupy the six alternate signs one from the Lagna

    (Ascendant).

    The 7 Sankhya YogasAll planets occupy any seven signs

    All planets occupy any six signs

    All planets occupy any five signs

    All planets occupy any four signs

    All planets occupy any three signs

    All planets occupy any two signs

    All planets occupy any single signs

    Asraya Yoga1. RajjuYoga: If all the planets are situated in moveable signs (1, 4, 7 and 10), they cause

    Rajju Yoga.Effects:The native born in this Yoga will be found of wandering, will be charming,remain in good health, fortunate in distance places (away from home) and will be of a crueland wicked disposition (This means- hard task master).

    Parasara has given six natural characteristics or traits of the native when born withRajju yoga. These significations will act as catalyzing agents, whenever any other Yoga willoperate. In this manner, the overriding effects of Nabhasa Yogas may be considered.

    2. Musala Yoga: If all the planets are situated in fixed signs (2, 5, 8 and 11), they causeMusala Yoga.Effects: The native born in this Yoga are endowed with honor, wisdom, knowledge and

    wealth, will be dear to the king (i.e. persons of authority), will be famous, will have money,

    sons and be of a firm disposition.Parasara indicated 8 (eight) outstanding characteristics for a native born in this Yoga.

    All these good qualities are basically on account of firm disposition. This is based on the

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    trait of the fixed signs, as against the moveable signs, which makes the native restless and ofa wondering nature.

    3. NalaYoga: If all the planets are situated in dual signs (3, 6, 9, and 12), they cause NalaYoga.Effects: The native of Nala Yoga will have some kind of deformity in body parts (a

    limb may be less or superfluous), will be very skillful in accumulating money, be helpful to

    relatives and friends and be of a charming disposition.The natives of Nala Yoga have a lot of flexibility, attraction and delicacy; whereasmoveable and fixed signs indicate clear-cut traits in disposition. The natives of this yoga arenot blessed with the sound body. Their fondness for amusements and multiplicity in theirbehavior create considerable conflict in their minds.

    Notes:

    (1) There are divergent views on the meaning of the word Ashraya and also on theformation of Ashraya Yoga. As a matter of fact, these three Ashraya Yogas are thebackbone of most of the Nabhasa Yogas.

    (2) The word Ashraya means to depend on something .The first view therefore isthat these yogas are dependent on the nature of signs i.e. moveable, fixed and dualand are thus called Ashraya Yoga. The other view is that other yogas depend onAshraya yogas. Both views have their own merits. The nature of the sign is boundto affect the characteristics of a planet which is placed in it.

    (3) The signs of the same nature always occupy houses in an angle from each other.Most of the Nabhasa Yogas are formed on account of the placement of planets inangular houses e.g. Gada, Shakata, Vihaga, Vajra, Yava, and Kamal. All theseYogas will take the basic traits from one of the three Ashraya Yogas. Let us takethe example of Kamal Yoga. This Yoga is formed when all the planets are inkendras to the Ascendant. Naturally, the results are bound to vary depending uponwhether angular signs are moveable, fixed or dual. Accordingly the effect of KamalYoga will dependent on the Ashraya Yogas.Same comments are applicable to otheryogas, in which all seven planets are placed in angular houses to each other.

    (4) These Yogas will be indicative of the most powerful results when formed in the angularhouses from the Ascendant. Parasara teaches five Ascendants namely - Ascendant (risingsign), Moon, Sun, Paaka Lagna (the house in which Lagna lord is placed) and Pad Lagna.When an Ashraya Yoga is formed with the Ascendant as Kendra, all the other four

    ascending signs will also fall in angular houses. Naturally, such an yoga is bound togenerate very powerful effects. These comments would also be applicable to Gada, Shakata,Vihaga, Vajra, Yava and Kamal Yogas in which all the planets are placed in angularhouses from rising sign.

    (5) Pure Ashraya Yoga will be formed if all the seven planets occupy three angularhouses from each other. If all the planets occupy any one sign, Gola (Sankhya)Yoga will be formed. If all the planets are placed in two angular signs, either of theYogas - Gada, Shakata or Vihaga will be formed. If all the planets are placed in allthe four Kendra houses, Vajra, Yava or Kamal Yogas are formed.

    (6) It is important to note that whenever any Nabhasa Yoga is formed involvingangular houses (signs) from each other, the results of such Yogas will certainly beaffected by one of the three Ashraya Yogas depending upon the signs (moveable,

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    dual, or fixed).

    (7) Ashraya Yogas can be formed when all the seven planets are placed in Kendra(angular), Panaphara (Succedent) or Apoklima (Cadent) houses. When the planetsare placed in Panaphara or Apoklima houses, the results will be mild and may befelt in the later part of the life.

    (8)The Sun, Mercury and Venus will always be together in one sign whenever Ashraya yogasare formed. This is true for all the Nabhasa Yogas when formed by placement of planets inangular or trinal houses from each after. In such cases, the Sun will act as benefic.

    Dala YogaWhen only benefics or malefics occupy angular houses, then two kinds of Dala Yogas areformed. In Nabhasa Yogas, when the Sun is placed with benefic planets, it acts as a benefic.The Sun placed with malefics or not conjoined with any planet will act as mild malefic inNabhasa Yogas. The Moon will always be considered as a benefic. As such Saturn, Mars andSun (when not with benefics) are considered malefics. Moon, Mercury, Venus and Jupiter

    and also Sun (When with Benefics) will act as benefics. The necessary explanations arealready given in this article

    Dala Yoga basically means that benefic and malefic planets are segregated from each other.The effect of these Yogas will be most effective when formed in Kendras from the Lagna.

    (i) MaalaYoga: If all the benefics occupy three angular houses, and the malefic are placedin houses other than the Kendras, Maala Yoga is formed.Effects: Maala Yoga will make the native always happy, endowed with conveyance, robes,food and other articles to enjoy life; such natives will prove to be good husbands andwill be endowed with the company of females of good character.

    Parasara has brought out two points in this Yoga:(a) Any reference house will be strengthened and endowed with good qualities if the

    remaining three angular houses are occupied by benefices, whether it be theascendant, Moon, Sun, Paaka Lagna, Lagna Pada or any other reference point orhouse.

    (b) Benefics in angular houses generate a righteous and splendorous life, free frompassion and greed.

    Some authorities believe that the Moon is not included among the benefic planets inthis Yoga. This is an erroneous view. However, the Moon may also be considered as an

    ascendant for this Yoga. Venus and Mercury will always be together in this Yoga. If theMoon and Jupiter occupy two angular houses, the auspiciousness of the Yoga can be judgedby the readers themselves. This Yoga will be operative if the Moon is also in an angularhouse with benefics, otherwise the Maala Yoga may not be fully effective.The Maala Yogawill be even more effective if a benefic planet owns the sign rising in the ascendant.

    (ii) Bhujang (Sarpa) Yoga: If all the malefics occupy three angular houses and the beneficsare placed in houses other than the angular ones, Bhujang (Sarpa) Yoga is formed.Effects: The native born in Sarpa Yoga will be a crook, cruel, endowed with self-inflicted

    poverty, always surrounded with miseries of all kinds, and always looking to enjoy others'food and drink.

    Such Yogas are rarely formed. There are only two malefics Saturn and Mars. WhenSaturn and Mars are in an angular position and the third angle is joined by Sun (not

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    conjunct with Mercury or Venus), only then this yoga is formed.

    (This Yoga is of a common occurrence in horoscopes and yields to adverse results ifRahu and Ketu are placed in 4th and 10th houses, though it may not fall in the category ofNabhas yoga ).

    The Sarpa yoga generates extreme passion and greed. The other features are alreadydiscussed under Maala Yoga.

    Comparisons Between Ashraya And Dala YogasAs explained above Ashraya Yogas are formed and operate in their purest form if all

    the seven planets occupy three angular houses. If all planets are in one, two or four angularhouses, then other kinds of Akriti Yogas become more effective.

    In the two Dala Yogas, the benefics or malefics should occupy three angular houses.This means that Dala Yogas are an extension of Ashraya Yogas. In Maala Yoga, if beneficsoccupy moveable, fixed or dual signs, three different kinds of Yogas are formed. The bestresults will be seen when all the benefic planets are place in fixed signs in angular houses.Similarly, Bhujang Yoga can be divided into three different categories.

    As such, Dala Yogas are a different version of Ashraya Yogas.

    Akriti YogasParasara discussed 20 main Akriti Yogas in BPHS. The names of the Yogas are given

    according to the figure that is formed due to the placement of planets in the nativity.

    1. Gada Yoga:This Yoga is formed when all the seven planets occupy two successiveangles.

    Gyan Mukta says:yXukEcqSjEcquxLFkrSokZ lIrkEcjSjEcjyXulaLFkS%A,oa prq/kZ dfFkrks xnkjO;% 'kqHkk'kqHkS% [kspjdSLrq loSZ%AAAccording to Muktavali, four kinds of Gada Yogas are formed when all the seven

    planets occupy successive angular houses. This means that all the planets should occupy the1st and 4th houses, 4th and 7th houses, 7th and 10th houses or 10th and 1st house from Lagna.

    However, if all the planets occupy other successive angular houses, like the 2nd and 5thhouses, 3rd and 6th houses and so on, then Gada Yoga also will be operative but the effects

    will be different.Effects: The natives of Gada Yoga will put in concerted efforts to earn wealth, willperform sacrificial rites, will be skilful and efficient in the knowledge of Shastras and will beendowed with wealth, gold and precious stones.

    Such results are powerful if all planets are placed in houses in angles from theascendant. I have already explained the reasons in my notes on Ashraya Yogas that theplanets generate very powerful Yogas if placed in Kendra houses. Gada yoga natives earnwealth by fair means and by using their skill and putting in persistent hard work. Theresults will be modified according to whether the planets are placed in moveable, fixed ordual signs. This means that the results of Ashraya Yogas are to be correlated with the aboveeffects. The placement of planets in auspicious or powerful houses will not over-ride thesignification of the signs. Yogas give effects with the help of the planets, houses and signs,

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    all put together.

    Gada Yoga has another interesting feature. Whenever all planets are placed in theadjacent angular houses from the ascendant, these planets will influence and aspect theremaining to angular houses. For an example, if planets occupies fourth house, the nativewill try to strengthen his physical existence and search for situation and people who canoffer material and moral security out of his role in the outside world (which symbolizes the10th house). On the other hand, if planets are occupying the 10th house, the native will notonly draw away from the concern of the family and home, but he will find solace andfulfillment in enhancing social status, career, profession and may seek honor from people ofauthority.

    Except in the case of Gada Yoga, when all the seven plants occupy two houses (signs), Parasaraand other Jataka Granthas have mostly indicated mixed or bad results. Such yogas are the four AkritiYogas namely Shakata, Vihaga, Sringataka and Hala and one sankhya-yoga namely Yupa.

    2. Shakata Yoga:This Yoga is formed when all the seven planets occupy the ascendantand the seventh houses jointly.

    Effects: Shakata means some kind of vehicle. The persons born in Shakata Yoga will beafflicted by diseases, will have ugly or diseased nails, will be foolish, will earn living bypulling (or driving) vehicles/carts, will be poor (able to meet both ends with difficulty),devoid of friends and relatives (as he will be always on move). Varaha Mihira says such aperson will have a mean wife. Lagna Chandrika adds that he will be clever in money matters, andin spite of other problems, he will have a happy disposition and will have stable sources of finance.

    Shakata Yoga involves the Ascendant and the seventh house, which represent the self

    and partners. These houses are complementary to each other. Malefic influence indicates amean wife and a profession involving travel. Parasara says that the seventh house representswife, journey and even absence from home without any prior information. This Yoga yieldsbetter results if malefic planets own the ascendant and benefics are placed therein. In suchan event, Lagna Pada will fall in the tenth house and the planets in the Ascendant willprovide Subha Argala on it.

    3. Vihaga Yoga:This Yoga is formed when all the seven planets occupy the 4th and 10thhouses from the Ascendant.

    Effects: Vihaga means bird, which always flies from one place to another. The persons

    born in Vihaga Yoga will be fond of roaming, earn with the help of subordinate jobs, act as amessenger (or tale bearer), act as a pimp i.e. sustain himself on professions which depend onprostitution or trading in women, be shameless and always ready to pick quarrels. LagnaChandrika says that the native enjoys and feels happy in roaming around, in pickingquarrels and acting as a pimp for prostitutes.

    The fourth house represents Mana - mind and as such controls the inclinations andcharacter of the individual. On the other hand the 10th house represents profession (someauthorities say livelihood of an unstable nature). When all the planets are in the 4th and 10thhouses, all the important Lagnas (except the Ascendant) will also fall in this axis i.e. Moon,Sun, Paaka Lagna and Pada Lagna. This Yoga generates defects in character because malefics

    occupy the 4th/10th axis. In the present day context, this Yoga generates an inclination forprofessions like salesmanship, marketing jobs, modeling, and prostitution, indulgence in sex

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    activities etc. The above results shall accrue if malefics and benefics are mixed in twohouses. If malefics will be placed in 4th house and benefics are in 10th house, the person willearn money by fair means but indulge in notorious activities. However in the reverse case,the person may be a dacoit, swindler etc, but will be of a charitable disposition. AshrayaYogas will modify the effect according to the nature of the signs placed in angular houses.

    If all the planets are placed in opposite houses, say 2nd and 8th, 3rd and 9th, 5th and 11th,or 6th and 12th, the results will be worse than in Shakata and Vihaga Yogas.

    It may be pointed out that in these Yogas, the Sun, Venus and Mercury will alwaysoccupy one house, and the placement of the Moon, Jupiter, Mars and Saturn will generatedifferent kinds of effects. As in Kendra houses, the Moon and Jupiter will form a GajakesriYoga, a stable source of income is foreseen in both the Yogas, inspite of poverty and otherdefects. Such persons will not cheat others unless influenced by Rahu/Ketu or by otheradverse Yogas.

    Parasara has indicated four different kinds of Yogas, when all the seven planets occupy all thefour angular houses. These Yogas are Vajra, Yava, Kamal and Vaapi. Horasara indicates three

    Yogas namely Mangala, Madhya and Kleeba. Kamal and Mangala Yogas are the same. YavanaJataka makes two additional divisions of Vaapi Yoga, namely Madhya Yoga (when all planets are inPanphara houses) and Kleeba Yoga (when all planets are in Apoklima houses).

    4. Vajara Yoga: If all the benefics occupy the Ascendant and 7th house and maleficsoccupy the 4th and 10th houses, Vajra Yoga is formed.

    5. Yava Yoga: If all the malefics occupy the ascendant and 7th house and beneficsoccupy the 4th and 10th houses, Yava Yoga is formed.

    These are very important Yogas and have far-reaching implications. Varaha Mihira in

    Chapter 12, Sloka 6 says: iwoZ'kkL=kuqlkjs.k ek tzkn% rk%AprqFkZHkous lw;kZTKflrks Hkor% dFke~AAI have described the Vajra and other Yogas adopting the view of former writers. How

    can Mercury and Venus occupy the 4th sign from the Sun?

    I wish to make following observations on these Yogas:

    (1) The objection of Varaha Mihira is valid. Some authorities tried to prove the validity ofthe Yoga in a roundabout manner. Such explanations do not have much worth whenVaraha Mihira raises the finger of doubt based on some specific principle. It appearsthat Varaha Mihira objects on two specific grounds; number one, Mercury and Venuscannot fall in angular houses from Sun and number two, that the Sun is a malefic andfalls in same category as Saturn and Mars. The first objection is based on anastronomical reality which cannot be wished away by giving any argument.

    (2) With regard to the validity of second objection, the following observations are to beexamined. Parasara originally narrated these Yogas around 1800 B.C. Satyacharya and

    other authorities had adopted them. Sage Parasara was surely aware about suchobjections. I have already given reasons in the Introduction of this article, that the Sunwill act as a Kurura (not malefic) when placed alone or with malefics. The Sun will act

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    as benefic when placed with benefics. Mars and Saturn will always act as Malefics .TheMoon, Mercury, Venus and Jupiter will always act as benefics. Under thecircumstances, Vajra and Yava Yogas are fully operable and their formation is notaffected by the presence of the Sun with benefics i.e. with Venus and Mercury. JaiminiUpdesh Sutras also accepts the Sun as a benefic and considers it a malefic only inspecial circumstances.

    (3)There are some other interesting and special features In Vajra and Yava Yogas. Malefics andbenefics are segregated in these Yogas like in the two Dala Yogas. In Vajra Yoga, beneficsoccupy the 1st and 7th house axis and in Yava Yoga the 4th and 10th house axis. Parasara hasgiven a very specific condition for Kamal Yoga that no angular house should be vacant andmalefics and benefics should be placed mixed together and not in segregated form. In GadaYoga the planets occupy adjacent angular houses but there is no such condition that maleficsand benefics should he placed either in a mixed or segregated condition, whereas for Vajra andYava Yogas there is no specific condition that all the four houses should be occupied. This givesthe following interesting possibilities:

    (a) If either Ascendant or seventh house is occupied by all benefic planets and

    similarly either the 4th or 10th house is occupied with all malefic planets, theeffects of Gada Yoga will be operative duly modified by Vajra Yoga. (This meansthat the malefics and benefics are placed in a segregated condition but also formingGada yoga.)

    (b) Similarly, if either the Ascendant or seventh house is occupied by malefics andeither the 4th or 10th house is occupied by benefics, the effects of Gada Yoga willbe operative, duly modified by Yava Yoga.

    (c) The further modification of these results will be necessary according to AshrayaYoga, depending on whether moveable, fixed or dual signs are placed in the

    angular houses.(d) Vajra and Yava Yogas will operate fully if all the angular houses are occupied.

    (e) If only three angular houses are occupied, the effect of Asharya Yogas will be moreprominent.

    (f) Similarly, in Dala Yogas, the condition is that three angular houses are occupied byeither benefics or malefics, but then the planets should be placed in a segregatedmanner. Parasara has not put specific emphasis that all the three angles should beoccupied (unlike Kamal yoga where all angular houses must be occupied). Let ustake the example of Maala yoga. From the Ascendant or any other house, if the

    other three angular houses (it may be either one or two or all the three) areoccupied by benefics and these houses are not occupied by malefics, Maala Yogawill be operative. Of course, it would be more effective if all three angles areoccupied. Let us suppose that if all the three angular houses from a malefic plantare occupied by all the benefics, then the Dasa of the malefic planet will not beadverse. In the case of Vajra yoga, if all the malefics are placed in the 4th or 10thhouse (either one of the two houses) and benefics occupy both the 1st and 10thhouses, a partial effect of Maala Yoga will be operative and the adverse results willbe considerably reduced. Similarly, if benefics are placed in one house and maleficsoccupy both the other houses, the adverse results will grossly increase on accountof the partial effects of Sarpa Yoga. At the same time, Ashraya Yogas will beoperative in full as only three angular houses are occupied.

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    Ashraya, Dala, Gada, Sakata, Vihaga, Vajra, and Yava Yoga are formed based onangular houses; as such these Yogas are inter-dependent on each other and should not beviewed in isolation.Effects of Vajra Yoga: The native born in this Yoga will be happy, valorous andcharming in the beginning and at the end of his life. In the middle position of his life andduring his young age, he will be devoid of desires and fortunes and will be villainous andinimical to people.

    All Jataka Granthas have followed Parasara and narrated almost similar results forVajra Yoga. The affliction to the 4th and 10th houses makes existence difficult in middle ageand generates bad character.

    Effects of Yava Yoga: The native of this Yoga is happy in the middle portion of his life,is endowed with wealth and progeny, is of a charitable disposition and has firmness of mind.Due to the auspicious influence on the 4th and 10th houses, the native will observe fasts andreligious rites and has Satvika feelings. Such a native suffers grief and sorrow in thebeginning (childhood) and at the end of life i.e. in old age.

    Auspicious influences on the 4th and 10th houses brings peace of mind and the nativeenjoys excellent mental and physical health. Malefic influences on the ascendant andseventh house bring disease, miseries and sorrow in childhood and in old age particularlyafter the age of 54 years. This Yoga is more beneficial in middle age if ascending sign isowned by benefics. If the ascending sign is of dual nature, the native will suffer from somekind of permanent disability in the body.

    6. Kamal Yoga: Kamal Yoga (Yavan Jataka calls it Mangla Yoga) is formed when allthe seven planets occupy all the four angular houses from the ascendant. No angular houseshould be vacant. Further, malefics and benefics should be mixed with each other.Effects: This is a rare but very powerful Yoga. All Jataka Granthas accept the view ofParasara. In Indian mythology the lotus is a symbol of purity, beauty and elegance. Parasara says thata native born in Kamal (lotus) Yoga will be endowed with grandeur and be virtuous, long-lived, freefrom untimely death, very famous and pure, will perform hundreds of auspicious deeds and be ruler ofthe earth. Yavanacharya says that such a native will do auspicious acts during his whole lifetime andwill be an able and powerful orator. He will have beautiful and auspicious progeny, be long-lived andintelligent.

    In fact, Kamal Yoga has the capability to purify the person and take away all the evilsgenerated by other Yogas. God incarnate, Lord Rama had 5 planets in the Kendra houses. (Ihave not come across any horoscope so far having all the seven planets in all the four angular

    houses.)7. Vapi Yoga: This Yoga is formed when all the seven planets occupy houses other than the

    angular houses. (In Vapi Yoga, all the planets should not be confined either to Panphara or Apoklimahouses only).Effects: The person born in Vapi Yoga will be skilful in accumulating wealth and also skilful inearning wealth, will be endowed with enduring wealth and happiness, be blessed with progeny, willenjoy art, dancing and surroundings which are pleasing to the eyes and will live like a king. VarahaMihira says that such persons will live in moderate comfort over a long period, will be able to investhis savings in secured investments, and be a miser. Jataka Bharana says that such persons are skilful

    in earning wealth, are famous in their community, happy, proficient in some skills, beautiful but enjoyhappiness at a moderate level.

    This is a common Yoga found in many nativities when seven planets fall in eight

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    houses other than the angular houses. The results will vary to a great extent from native tonative. For example, if the Ascendant lord occupies the 6th, 8th or 12th house, the miseries inlife may increase, whereas placement of the Ascendant lord in a trine, the 2nd or 11th housewill be beneficial. This is the reason, why the Jataka Granthas have given different results.On the other hand, if most of the malefics occupy the 3rd and 6th houses and the beneficsoccupy the 2nd, 5th, 9th and 11th houses, this Yoga will yield better results.

    Horasara gives the following two Yogas (as an additional version of Kamal and Vapi yogas):

    7 a) Madhya Yoga:When all the planets occupy panaphar (2nd, 5th, 8th and 11th) houses,Madhya yoga is formed.

    Effects: The native of this Yoga will live in other countries, be troubled by relativesand be timid in nature. He will not have lasting wealth, will have few issues and will be in abad state at the time of death.

    7 b)KleebaYoga: When all the planets occupy Apoklima (3rd, 6th, 9thand 12th) houses,Kleeba Yoga will be formed.Effects: The native born in this Yoga will be grieved, will live away from his birthplace,

    be in the company of mean women and be fond of disputes. He will have a short life and hisdeath may occur in a distant place away from home.

    Kamal, Madhya and Kleeba Yogas are generally not found in horoscopes. I feel thateven if 5 or 6 planets are in angular houses from each other, these Yogas will be operative toa great extent. The results of these Yogas should be read along with Ashraya Yogas, becauseangular houses will have signs of a similar nature. Jupiter and Saturn occupy angular houses

    at an interval of about five (5) years, when the formation of such Yogas are possible.

    Yogas Based On Placement In Trinal Houses8. Shringataka Yoga: Shrinagataka Yoga is formed when all the seven planets occupy

    trines from Ascendant (1st, 5thand 9th). (The placement of planets in even two trinal housesfrom the Ascendant will make this Yoga operative, because shringataka means horns.)Effects: The native born in Shringataka Yoga will be fond of quarrels, study in battles,be of happy disposition, dear to the king (i.e. influential persons in society), endowed withan auspicious wife, otherwise he may have an inimical disposition towards women. VarahaMihira says that such persons will be slaves to their wives.

    In general this Yoga generates auspicious, prosperous and happy results. This isbasically on account of the presence of Jupiter in a trine, from where it also aspects the othertwo trine houses. Mercury, Venus and Sun will always be together in this Yoga. This Yogais possible when Saturn and Jupiter are trine to each other. Such a combination occurs at aninterval of about seven (7) years.9.HalYoga: This Yoga is formed when all the planets are placed in trines to each other,except the trines from the Lagna, i.e. when all the planets occupy the 2

    nd

    , 6th

    and 10th

    houses,or the 3rd, 7th, and 11thhouses or the 4th, 8thand 12thhouses.Effects: Such persons earn money after putting in a lot of physical labor, have a big

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    appetite (gluttonous), are penurious, lead a miserable life, earn their livelihood by agricultureand upbringing of animals (like cow, horses, sheep etc.), work like a servant. As a matter offact, such persons earn their livelihood after putting in a lot of hard work and labor.

    This is a combination of trade and commerce with the help of relatives and friends.Each trinal placement, of course will give different effects. However, Jataka Granthas giveonly general results for this Yoga.

    Important NoteIt may be noted that when Jupiter and Saturn are conjunct, there arise possibilities of formation

    of many powerful yogas, which require the position of all the planets in angular or trinal houses. Thisis the reason why the conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn brings epochal and far-reaching changes insociety. These conjunctions occur every 20 years with an advance of about 123 degrees from previousconjunction. This conjunction occurs in the same sign after about 60 years with a mean advance ofabout 9 degrees from the previous conjunction. In about 794 years, Jupiter and Saturn conjoin almoston the same degree (the difference may be one degree only). As such Saturn and Jupiter control

    Epochal events with a cycle of about 20 years, 60 years and a final cycle of 794 years. Theseconjunctions always bring far-reaching effects when they occur in the sign of Aries. In the last 120years these conjunctions occurred on April 18, 1881 at the 10thdegree, on October 20, 1940 at the 20 thdegree (when both the planets were retrograde), again on February 15, 1941 at the 16th degree, andfinally on May 28, 2000 at the 29th degree in the sign Aries . The twentieth century (52ndcentury ofKaliyuga era) has seen, without any iota of doubt, epoch-making changes in the field of scientificachievements and unprecedented changes in social order all over the world.

    The importance of Kamal and Shringatak Yogas may be looked at from this point of view also, asthese Yogas are controlled by the cycles of Saturn and Jupiter. Maharishi Parasara may haveindicated powerful effects for these yogas on account of such considerations.

    10.YupaYoga: This Yoga is formed when all the planets are placed in the first fourhouses from the Ascendant (i.e. in 1st, 2nd, 3rdand 4thhouses). Parasara has not imposed thecondition that all the four houses should be occupied, but the Yoga will be most effective ifall the houses are occupied and no house in between is unoccupied. (If one house is vacant,Shoola Yoga, a Sankhya Yoga, will be more effective).Effects: The persons born in Yupa Yoga will have spiritual knowledge, will beinterested in doing sacrificial rites (Yajnas), be endowed with wife and valour, interested inkeeping fasts and other religious observations and be distinguished.

    All Jataka Granthas have given similar auspicious results for Yupa Yoga. There is arule for Graha Maalika Yogas that the house from where Yoga commences, controls thegood effects of the Yoga. In Yupa Yoga, the Lagna should be powerful. The aboveauspicious results will be felt in full measure if the Ascendant, 2nd and 4th houses areoccupied by benefics and the 3rdhouse by malefics.

    11. Shara Arrow) Yoga:When all the seven planets occupy four houses from 4thhouse(i.e. 4th, 5th, 6thand 7thhouses), Shara Yoga is formed. Varaha Mihira calls it Ishu or VanaYoga.

    Effects: The person born in this Yoga will be a maker of arrows, be the head of a prison,will earn money by hunting animals in forests, be a non-vegetarian (tamasic food), be of a

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    violent disposition and a creator of low class and rough handicrafts. Varaha Mihira adds thatsuch persons will indulge in torture.

    The persons of such Yogas generally indulge in activities like manufacturing weaponsfor unlawful objectives. Their handiwork will lack refinement and fine skill. In case the 4 thhouse is auspicious and powerfully disposed, this yoga will lead to favorable results.12. Shakti Yoga:When all the planets occupy four houses from the 7thhouse (i.e. 7th, 8th,9

    th

    and 10

    th

    ), Shakti Yoga is formed.Effects: This Yoga signifies denial of wealth, the native will be unsuccessful inundertakings, miserable, have a mean and lazy disposition, be cruel, well-versed in the art ofwar, in the modern context be adept in winning arguments or convincing others, be of a firmdisposition and will ultimately obtain good results. Varaha Mihira says the person will notbe skilled in work and will be without money and comfort.

    Parasaras views are more balanced. According to him, such persons will ultimately winthe day on account of their firm disposition and capability and determination to convinceothers.13. Danda Stick) Yoga: When all the planets occupy four houses from the 10th

    house(i.e. 10th, 11th, 12thand 1st), Danda Yoga is formed.Effects: Such persons will be away from wife, children and their own wealth, may haveto adopt cruel methods, live away from their relatives and friends, be miserable, and mayeven serve mean people. Varaha Mihira says that such persons will be separated frompersons affectionate to them and will not hesitate to earn their livelihood by employing lowclass means.

    In Sanskrit, Danda is indicative of persons who roam away from place of birth in thesearch of livelihood. In olden days this was a bad indication and the evils attached to suchcircumstances are mentioned in this Yoga. In the modern age such a Yoga may prove a boonfor persons who try to settle or visit distant lands for their livelihood. In horoscopes inwhich the 10th, 11th, 12thand 1sthouses are occupied, the native either settles down in a foreigncountry or may visit foreign countries frequently to earn money.

    Graha Maalika YogasWhen planets occupy five or more than five consecutive houses, such Yogas are called

    Graha Maalika Yogas. In Nabhasa Yogas Rahu and Ketu are not considered. Parasaraindicated only four Yogas of this category, namely Nauka, Koota, Chhatra and ChaapaYogas. Yavan Jataka and Bhavartha Ratnakar by Shri Ramanujacharya includes other Graha

    Maalika Yogas. I am including all these Yogas for the benefit of the readers.14. Nauka Yoga:If all the seven planets occupy the seven houses commencing from theAscendant, Nauka Yoga is formed.

    This Yoga will give full effects if all the houses from the Ascendant to the seventhhouse are occupied. However, it is essential that the ascendant and seventh house should beoccupied for Nauka Yoga to be operative.Effects: The persons born in this Yoga will depend for their livelihood on water-bornminerals, pearls, creatures etc., (these days fishing and dealing in pearls and coral etc. is a bigindustry), and they will be wealthy, over-ambitions, famous and renowned. On the negative

    side, the native will be cruel, miserly, greedy and avaricious.In this Yoga all the planets are placed in the invisible half of the horoscope. Jataka

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    Bharana says that such natives also have thievish tendencies. All the planets placed in fiveconsecutive houses are a common occurrence. However, it is rare find a configuration whenall the seven planets are placed in seven consecutive houses. This is the reason thatKalasarpa Yoga (i.e. when all the seven planet are on one side of Rahu-Ketu axis) is foundcommonly in many horoscopes.15. Koota Yoga:When all the seven planets occupy houses from the 4thto the 10thhousethis Yoga is formed.Effects: The person of Koota Yoga will be unreliable in speech, will be head of a prisonor one who will be in-charge of bonded labour, may encounter liquidity problems, be crafty,cruel, and will live on hills and in fortresses (meaning large villas).

    These persons are generally honoured, reputed, employ lot of bonded labour, but do nothesitate to earn money by questionable means.16. Chhatra Yoga:This Yoga is formed when all the planets are placed from the 7thtothe Ascendant, i.e. in the visible half of the nativity.Effects: The person born in this yoga will provide protection to his family members andassociates, be kind, will be very dear to the influential people in society (i.e. kings, ministersor persons of high status), will have excellent intelligence, be happy in the beginning andend of the life and be long lived.

    As the planets are placed in the visible half of the nativity, such persons will be of greatexcellence, good fortune in profession, obtaining favors from government and otherorganizations etc. If the 10thhouse is occupied by benefics, they will also enjoy a good lifeeven in their middle age.17. Chaapa Yoga:When all the planets occupy houses from the 10th to the 4th house,Chaapa Yoga is formed. Saravali and Yavan Jataka also call it "Varnuka Yoga".Effects: The natives of Chaapa Yoga will not speak the truth, will provide protection tothieves and criminals (in modern terminology they may resemble underworld dons), theythemselves will indulge in criminal activities, will wander in forests, be devoid of fortune, behappy in the middle part of their lives. However, Varaha Mihira and other Jataka Granthassay that they will happy at the end and in the beginning of their lives.

    The planets placed in angular houses will control the fortunes of the native.

    Graha Maalika Yogas From Yavan Jataka1). Shayani Yoga:This Yoga is formed if all the planets are placed in five housescommencing from the Ascendant. (In Yupa yoga, all planets are placed in four houses fromthe Ascendant)Effects: The natives of Shayani Yoga will get lot of honor on account of the fame andprominence of their families and they will be endowed with lasting happiness,2). Jangal Yoga:This Yoga is formed if all the planets are placed in five houses fromthe 4thhouse.Effects: The natives of this Yoga are generally adept in serving others.

    Such a Yoga is prominent in housewives, in well-to-do families. They try to look aftertheir families well. Such persons enjoy helping their kith and kin.

    3). Nishrayani Yoga: If all the planets occupy five houses from the 7th house,Nishrayani Yoga is formed.Effects: These persons are very clever, act as ambassadors and traverse a lonely path.

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    They sometimes get trapped or deceived by others.

    This is a very powerful Yoga as its name suggests. Nishrayani means leader. Suchpersons rise in life due to their intellectual abilities and persuasive skills. They always rise ifthey work in groups.4).KuntaYoga: If all planets occupy five houses from the 10thhouse, Kunta Yoga isformed.

    Effects: If this Yoga starts from the Sun in the 10 thhouse, the person is full of fightingspirit and shines like the Sun. Otherwise a person of this yoga will be of fiery dispositionand be able to overcome all adversities.

    Kunta means a spear with a pointed sharp edge. Such persons therefore fix their eyes ona specific goal in life and are able to win over all adversities5). Pankti Yoga:When all the planets occupy six consecutive houses commencingfrom the Lagna, 4th, 7thor 10thhouse, Pankti Yoga is formed. These Yogas are called NagarYogas.Effects: If this Yoga commences from the Lagna, the person enjoys a status like a king,but if this Yoga commences from 4

    th

    , 7

    th

    or 10

    th

    house the person enjoys a status like aminister. These persons enjoy urban social life.5a).Pankti Yogas of different kinds are formed when all the planets occupy six housesin consecutive order. It commences from any house other than an angular house (1 st, 4th, 7thor 10th). Such Yogas are simply called Pankti Yogas (but these Yogas do not fall into thecategory of Nagar Yoga.)Effects:These persons also enjoy life, but depend for their prosperity on agriculturalproceeds and animals. They are able to fulfill all their desires and use their knowledge forproductive work. On the negative side, they do not have any set goal in life i.e. they leadtown or village life as it comes to them.Note: Ramanujacharya says that Graha Mallika Yoga occupying five, six, seven, eightor nine houses will be fortunate provided the Yoga starts from the Lagna or the Sun. Hesuggests the presence of all nine planets including Rahu and Ketu. However, as we arediscussing Nabhasa Yogas only, Rahu and Ketu are not being considered. The followingpoints should be kept in view while considering Graha Maalika Yogas.

    (1) The commencing house is most important and controls the effects of the Yoga to alarge extent.

    (2) If the Yoga starts from an angular house, or a powerful Sun, it yields auspiciousand powerful results.

    (3) If the planet in commencing house is weak, the Yoga will not yield good results.

    (4) Dr. B. V. Raman gives a table in his translation of Bhavartha Ratnakar, which isreproduced below for ready reference:Starting house of ResultsGraha Maalika Yoga

    (1) Lagna King, commander, wealthy,

    (2) 2ndhouse Very wealthy, dutiful, resolute, unsympathetic

    (3) 3rdhouse Ruler, rich, sickly, surrounded by brave men

    (4) 4th

    house Charitable, liberal, wealthy(5) 5thhouse Malicious and famous

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    (6) 6thhouse Greedy, somewhat poor

    (7) 7thhouse Coveted by women and influential

    (8) 8thhouse Poor and henpecked

    (9) 9thhouse Religious, well-to-do, mighty and good

    (10) 10thhouse Respected, virtuous

    (11) 11thhouse Skilful and lord of lovely women

    (12) 12thhouse honored, liberal and respected

    Parasara also narrates the following yogas:18.ArdhaChandraYogas: Ardha Chandra Yogas occur when all the seven planetsoccupy seven houses commencing from any house other than the angles (i.e. the 2nd, 3rd,5th, 6th, 8th, 9th, 11th or12th). Thus if we begin from the 2ndhouse, the first Ardha ChandraYoga will be formed when all the planets occupy the 2ndto the 8thhouses. These Yogas areeight in number.Effects: The person born in Ardha Chandra Yoga will be fortunate, the general of anarmy (means that he will command over people), will have a splendorous body, be a favoriteof the king, be strong and be endowed with gems, gold and armaments (according toSaravali).

    Parasara is of the view that the seven planets should occupy all the seven houses.However, this Yoga will manifest even if five houses are occupied consecutively. In somecases, it is found that either Rahu or Ketu occupy the intervening house. Even though such aYoga will not fall in the category of Nabhasa Yogas, but powerful effects of Graha maalikaYoga will be felt. As suggested by Ramanujacharya, Graha Maalika Yoga operates even if 5,6, 7, 8 or 9 houses are occupied by eight planets. As Ardha Chandra Yogas commence from

    Panphara or Apoklima houses, it gives prominent results in young or old age respectively.Note: Many learned savants in astrology maintain that Kala Sarpa and Kala AmritYogas are not mentioned in any ancient Hora Granths. Graha Maalika And Ardha ChandraYogas Paved The Basis Of These Yogas. When ever, all the planets are placed (particularlyin consecutive houses) on one side of two points which are 180 degree away will give rise tosuch yogas."

    19.ChakraYoga: If all the planets occupy six alternative houses commencing from theAscendant, Chakra Yoga is formed.

    Effects: The person of this Yoga will be either an emperor or a greatly honored saintwhose feet even the kings, bearing crowns studded with bright stones, will bow their headsto. This Yoga is formed when all the planets are in odd houses (i.e. 1 st, 3rd, 5th, 7th, 9thand11thhouses). If odd signs occupy these houses, the emperor will be of widespread fame, willhave a powerful disposition and be wealthy. This combination is more suited for emperors.If all the planets are in even signs, the person will be of gentle manners, have sweet speechand good intelligence. The latter combination is more suited to saints. Chakra Yogabasically gives a lot of power, authority and influence over others.

    20.SamundraYoga: If all the planets occupy six alternate houses commencing from the2ndhouse, Samundra Yoga is formed.Effects: The person born in Samundra Yoga will be endowed with many precious

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    stones and much wealth and splendor; will enjoy all kinds of pleasures, be very popularamong people, will have sons, a radiant personality and lasting wealth.

    In fact, this is a combination of wealth and a splendorous life.

    SankhyaYogas:These are seven in number. I give below these Yogas in tabular form:

    (1) Gola Yoga all planets in one sign(2) Yuga Yoga in two signs

    (3) Shoola Yoga in three signs

    (4) Kedara Yoga in four signs

    (5) Pushpa Yoga in five signs

    (6) Dama Yoga in six signs

    (7) Veena Yoga in seven signs

    Before discussing these Yogas, it would be advantageous to discuss their specialfeatures:

    (1) One or another Sankhya Yoga is always present in every horoscope. I may bepermitted to say that Sankhya Yoga has its own effect on each nativity and acts asa catalyst. It may not be forgotten that Nabhasa Yogas are indicative of acombined Karakatva (signification) of the nativity. They do not give resultsdirectly but with help of other Yogas.

    (2) If any particular Sankhya Yoga is present, then the chart is to be carefully scannedto see which other Nabhasa Yogas are present and operating. Suppose any one ofthe Yogas like Kamal, Vajra, and Yava is present, then the effects of Kedara Yogawill be felt at some stage. For example, if Gada Yoga is operating, the effects of

    Yuga Yoga will definitely manifest at some stage.(3) Gola, Yuga and Shoola Yogas generate adversities in the native's life, while the

    remaining four Yogas help in generating even Raja Yogas, if other conditions arefavourable.

    (4) It may always be remembered that Nabhasa Yogas do not operate in isolation ofeach other, but try to be co-operative with each other. In all Yogas formed by theangular position of planets, Ashraya Yogas will be operative. Whenever themalefic and benefic planets are segregated from each other, the effects of DalaYoga will be felt. Sankhya Yogas will modify the effects all other Yogas. There

    should not be any doubt about it.

    Effects Of Sankhya Yoga1. Gola Yoga all planets in one house).Jataka Granthas have given diverse results: The

    person of Gola Yoga will be strong, be devoid of wealth, learning and intelligence, be dirty,be always sorrowful and miserable. Hora Sara says such persons will have a short life, have adefect in some limb, will be devoid of relatives, wife and sons. Hora Sara further says that ifthe above Yoga is formed in the Ascendant, 9th, 10thor 11thhouse, the above results will not apply.

    Mythological literature indicates that Meghnath, the son of Ravana, had Gola Yoga inthe 11thhouse.

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    2.YugaYoga: Such persons will be hypocrites, be devoid of wealth, right conduct,progeny and mother and be declared outcasts by society. Hora Sara says that such personswill be disabled, harsh in speech and shameless, will incur debts, be short lived, and havelack of ability.

    The effects of this Yoga are generally bad. If Gada, Shakata and Vihaga Yogas areformed without involving angular houses, the effects of Yuga Yoga will be felt moreprominently.3. Shoola Yoga:Shoola means thorn. Such persons will be sharp but devoid of means toachieve success in life, violent in behavior, rejected and scorned by society, very brave andget fame in war (fights). Hora Sara says that such persons will be clever and will pursuemany vocations to earn their livelihood, be sickly, earn by sale and purchase, and will bechildless in spite of two marriages (meaning that they may not be happy or lucky withregard to progeny).

    These persons are very crafty and are ruled by expediency only. Their wealth and profession isnever steady. When any Ashraya Yoga is present involving three angular houses from the Ascendant,a cunning or crafty statesman is born, famous for his machinations. Their wealth and fame will

    always vary in sine waves and such persons are really very tough and difficult to deal with.The above three Sankhya Yogas do not always yield good results. Even other good and

    auspicious Yogas are overshadowed by these Yogas. In case all the planets are placed in threehouses in Kendras or trines from the Lagna, then the effects of Shoola Yoga will beneutralized to a great extent.4. Kedara Yoga:Such a person will be a benefactor to others, will earn name and fameby his own efforts, agricultural products will be the mainstay of his livelihood, he will betruthful, happy, dutiful, will be sluggish in taking decisions (if other good Yogas are present,then he may act after giving due consideration to all aspects), will earn honors and wealth.

    Most powerful Nabhasa Yogas are formed when all the planets are in four angularhouses. In such a situation Kedara Yoga becomes operative automatically. This is one of thevery auspicious Yogas. When the planets are placed in four consecutive houses, KedaraYoga will again become operative.

    Now the effects of three Yogas, when all the planets are placed in five, six or sevenhouses, will be explained. These Yogas will enhance the good results of Graha MaalikaYogas and help to generate Raj Yogas.5. Paasha Yoga:Paasha is rope, which is used to tie, to bind together or to restrict. The

    person with Paasha Yoga will be burdened with many responsibilities and expenses, beskillful in work, will have a crafty disposition, and will have many servants and a largefamily to support. On the negative side he will be very talkative and be devoid of virtues andgood manners.

    This Yoga is a mixed bag. On account of their crafty nature, such persons landthemselves into trouble with authorities. Girish Chandra Sharma says that if the Ascendantlord is placed in the 2ndDrekkana of Scorpio (Paasha Drekkana) in the 6th, 8th, and 12thhouse,it forms a Yoga for imprisonment.

    In Graha Maalika Yogas when planets are placed in five houses and if the commencingsign is occupied by benefics and is strong, the native obtains good results, otherwise thisYoga can give a lot of problems as Paasha Yoga, which is also formed, starts showing its

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    results.6. Daamini Yoga:Paasha may represent a rope, which is equivalent to a noose also.Dam or Daamini indicates money or a group of things. This is an auspicious Yoga. Thepersons born in Daamini Yoga will be thoroughly gentle, helpful to others, will haverighteously earned wealth, be very affluent, famous, endowed with many sons and gems (orsons who will be like gems in society), will have fortitude and be learned. He will be devotedto public welfare and be a noted scholar.7. Veena Yoga:Such a person will be a lover of songs, dances and musical instruments,be skilful and of happy and loving disposition. He will be the chief among his own family,wise and expert. He will love the right things and will be full of enthusiasm.

    Some additional Nabhasa Yogas are given in Hora Sara, Yavan Jataka and VridhaYavan Jataka. These Yogas are given below for the benefit of readers.1. Safal Parvat Yoga:This is a kind of Maala Yoga. When all the benefic planets occupy

    the 1

    st

    , 7

    th

    and 10

    th

    houses, and malefics are placed in the other houses, Safal Parvat Yoga isformed.Effects: The person of this Yoga is very powerful and influential like a king. This is agood Yoga for successful politicians.2. Kalash Yoga:This Yoga is formed when all the malefics occupy the 1 st, 7thand 10thhouses and benefics are placed in the other houses.Effects: The person of this Yoga will accumulate a lot of material wealth and will workfor the upliftment of good people of saintly disposition. (Such results are possible if theAscendant lord is powerfully disposed and the 4thhouse is under benefic influence.)

    3. Dola Yoga:When four planets occupy the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th houses and the otherthree planets occupy the remaining three Kendras, then Dola Yoga is formed. (Dola meansroaming about here and there).Effects: Such a person enjoys travelling and remains happy and prosperous.4. Pipeelika Yoga:This Yoga is formed when benefics occupy the 6th and 12thhousesand malefics are placed in the 3rdand 9thhouses.Effects: These persons are devoid of property and wealth. (This is a kind of VajraYoga.)5. Garta Yoga: When malefics occupy the 6thand 12thhouses and benefics occupy the 3rdand 9

    th

    houses, Garta Yogas formed (it is opposite to Pipeelika Yoga).Effects:Such persons are always unhappy, worried about others and poor.6. Nadi Yoga River Yoga):When benefic planets occupy the 5thand 11thhouses and allthe malefics occupy the 2ndand 8thhouses, Nadi Yoga is formed. (Nadi means small river.)Effects:These persons are lucky, live like kings, and travel in auspicious Nakshatras(meaning that they enjoy travelling for good and auspicious undertakings).7. Nad Yoga:When malefics occupy the 5thand 11thhouses and benefics occupy the 6thand 8thhouses, this Yoga is formed.Effects: Such persons are very wise and blessed with sons (6 thand 8thhouses provideunobstructed and benefic Argala on the 5

    th

    house of wisdom and progeny).8.VarahaYoga: When all the planets occupy the 1st, 4thand 5thhouses, Varaha Yogawill be formed.

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    Effects: Such natives will command land, wealth, happiness and wisdom.9. Kantaka Yoga:When all planets occupy the 2nd, 3rdand 4thhouses, Kantaka Yoga isformed.Effects: Such natives will be wealthy and learned but short lived, and will have noissue.

    Varaha and Kantaka Yogas fall in the category of Soola (Sankhya) Yogas. Varaha Yoga

    yields better results.10. Sankha Yoga:This Yoga is formed when all the planets occupy the 1st, 4th, 9thand 11thhouses. This is a kind of Kahala (Sankhya) Yoga.Effects: Such persons will be a repository of virtues, brave and well versed in theShastras.

    ConclusionNabhasa Yogas indicate the natural significations of the nativity. As such the results

    are not felt directly or straightaway. This can be explained by an example. Saturn is the

    significator of grief, servants, hard work and foresight. If Saturn is placed in the Ascendantin sign Aries, the native will be required to put in a lot of hard work but he will get onlygrief in return. However if Saturn is placed in the seventh house in Libra, he will gainwealth and comfort in return for his efforts and labor. Similarly, the signification ofNabhasa Yogas will manifest and depend on the other Yogas in the nativity.

    Dr. B. Suryanarian Rao, in his commentary on Brihat Jataka quotes Bhattotpala:

    "Rich men may have external objects for enjoyment, but their minds may be greatlyaffected and they may feel themselves miserable, through various other causes. Poor menmay have external marks of misery, but at heart they may feel quite happy and contented.

    Happiness and misery (wealth and poverty, health and disease) are relative terms and aremade so by the bent of mind the man possesses and the view he takes of the presence of eviland good about him.

    Thus, the overall signification of a nativity, indicated by Nabhasa Yogas, will manifestand amend itself according to other Yogas. These effects will be felt in directional periodsand transits.

    One has to cultivate art of prediction with the help of Nabhasa Yogas, because theseYogas indicate the personality of the astral body.