Nov 18, 2014

NOR BAHIYAH BT MD. RAFIDI 710403-08-5982

Teaching aids is important to make teaching and learning activities more interesting and fun. The common teaching aids for the topic of time is real clock or round face model. Therefore as a teacher, you are asked to (a) build clock model based on your creativity and it must be appropriate with the activities that could relate between minutes and hours.

Teachers know that students learn in a variety of different ways. Some are visually oriented and more prone to acquire information from photographs or videos. Other children do best when they hear instructions rather than read them. Teachers use teaching aids to provide these different ways of learning as well as to improve or reinforce skills and to make instruction interesting and fun. My talking clock Teddy Bear is a suitable teaching aids for the topic time because it has element of fun form children. So, they will attract to learn more about the lesson.

MY TALKING CLOCK TEDDY BEAR

HBMT 3103 TEACHING OF MATHEMATICS FOR YEAR FOUR

NOR BAHIYAH BT MD. RAFIDI 710403-08-5982

MATERIAL: A printer Paper plate Glue

Scissors

Fastener

Numbers 1-12 and arrows template

Construction paper

Colour pencils

Teddy bear template

INSTRUCTIONS: Print and cut out the numbers 1- 12 and arrow template. Take a paper plate and paste the numbers according the point that teacher marked. Firstly, paste number 12 at the top and number 6 at the bottom and the number 3 and 9 at the correct place. And the, paste the numbers 1 , 2 4 , 5 , 7 , 8 , 10 and 11. Cut out the two arrows. Make a small hole in the centre of the plate to insert the fastener which will hold the hands in place. Paste the teddy bear template on a construction paper. Cut out the head, arms and leg. Glue them on the plate to create the teddy bear. The plate represents the teddy bears stomach. Colour the teddy bear.

HBMT 3103 TEACHING OF MATHEMATICS FOR YEAR FOUR

NOR BAHIYAH BT MD. RAFIDI 710403-08-5982

(b) write a complete lesson plan to relate between minutes and . Use the clock model that you built to explain the relation. LESSON PLAN Subject Year Duration Name of the topic Learning Area Learning Outcomes : : : : : : Mathematics 4 Arif 60 minutes. Time 1. Reading and writing time. 1. Understand, read and write time in hours and minutes i. Read the time in hours and minutes according to the 12-hours system Objectives Vocabulary Materials Procedure : : : : Pupils should be able to answer at least 9 out of 12 questions given correctly. hour , o'clock , minute hand , hour hand , colon A Talking Clock Teddy Bear Model, flash cards, number cards and word cards,

STEPS

CONTENTS

TEACHING AND LEARNING ACTIVITIES

REMARKS

Introduction (5 minutes)

Shadow Clock Sundial Water Clock Sand Clock Pendulum Clock Teacher uses Power Point to show History of Time. Refer Appendix 1

HBMT 3103 TEACHING OF MATHEMATICS FOR YEAR FOUR

NOR BAHIYAH BT MD. RAFIDI 710403-08-5982

Step 1 (10 minutes)

Understand hours and minutes

Introduce a number line which contains the A chart numerals one through twelve. Bend the number (Refer line into a circle to resemble a clock face. Show Appendix 2) a chart with a large circle. Ask the students to place the numerals inside the circle to make a clock face. According to the ability of the group, may wish to place some marks on the circle to facilitate spacing of the numbers. Review that the minute (long-blue) hand points to the twelve, while the hour (short-red) hand indicates the hour.

Step 2 (10 minutes)

A Talking Teddy Bear Clock Model

Divide pupils into group of 5. Each group makes a Talking Teddy Bear Clock Model while teacher guides and teaches how to read time in groups.

Step 3 (10 minutes) Time Quiz

When the teacher calls a time, the first person to correctly display his/her clock gains a point for his/her group. The group also must says again the time uses bear voice because they are holding A Talking Teddy Bear Clock Model . The group with most point wins.

HBMT 3103 TEACHING OF MATHEMATICS FOR YEAR FOUR

NOR BAHIYAH BT MD. RAFIDI 710403-08-5982

Evaluation (10 minutes)

Worksheet

Teacher distributes worksheets to pupils. Pupils answer the worksheets. Teacher discuss the answers together by class.

Refer Appendix 3

Prepare a blank tic-tac-toe grids on the white Closure (5 minutes) Play Time TicTac-Toe board. Choose two pupils from the winning group to came forward and Display a clock showing a time. If the student has that time written on his/her game board, he/she may cover it with a marker. The first person to complete a row horizontally, vertically or diagonally wins.

REFLECTION: Pupils enjoy in the class. They answer the worksheet given correctly. 100% of the pupils are able to read the time in hours and minutes according to the 12-hours system.

HBMT 3103 TEACHING OF MATHEMATICS FOR YEAR FOUR

NOR BAHIYAH BT MD. RAFIDI 710403-08-5982

2. The topic of calculating the duration of time within a day was introduced for the first time to Year Four pupils. Elaborate the teaching procedures with TWO relevant examples to teach the topic. (12 marks) EXAMPLE 1 Topic Learning Area Learning Outcomes : : : Time Pupils should be able to: Materials : Solve problems involving time in real life situations Compute duration of an event a) Activity cards b) Colour pencils Procedures : 1. Ask pupils to form in group of 6. 2. Each group will be given a few activity cards. 3. Each group is required to find the answers of the questions in the activity card. Example:

Solving Problem Involving Time

Question 1: Encik Ravi starts jogging at 6:30 in the morning. He jogs for 40 minutes. What time does he stop.

HBMT 3103 TEACHING OF MATHEMATICS FOR YEAR FOUR

NOR BAHIYAH BT MD. RAFIDI 710403-08-5982

Question 2: Shahira practices her piano from 5:10 to 5:50 in the afternoon. How long does she practice?

Question 3: Leong reads a storybook for 25 minutes. He stops reading at 9.00. What time does he start reading the storybook? Question 4: Encik Ranjit takes 35 minutes to drive from Kuala Kangsar to Ipoh. He begins his journey at 12:10 in the afternoon. What time does he reach Ipoh?4. Pupils have to colour the correct answers on the picture given. (Only colour the correct answers)

7.10 a.m.

8.25 p.m.

40 min.

5.50 a.m.

35 minutes

30 minutes

12.45 p.m 10 min. a.m.

8.35 a.m.

HBMT 3103 TEACHING OF MATHEMATICS FOR YEAR FOUR

NOR BAHIYAH BT MD. RAFIDI 710403-08-5982

5. 6.

The group with fastest colouring will be the winner. Teacher conclusions

EXAMPLE 2 Topic Learning Area Learning Outcomes : : : Time Solving Problem Involving Time Pupils should be able to: Materials Procedures : : Solve problems involving time in real life situations Compute duration of an event a) Activity cards b) Marker pen 1. Divide pupils into six groups. 2. Each group will be given question cards. 3. Each member tries to solve the question given on the cards. Then convert the answer to the letter given. Example: Question 1: Wan and Maniam play badminton for 40 minutes. They start playing at 5.40 in the evening. What time do they finish?

6.00 p.m 6.20 p.m 6.40 p.m

: C : S : L

Your answer :

HBMT 3103 TEACHING OF MATHEMATICS FOR YEAR FOUR

NOR BAHIYAH BT MD. RAFIDI 710403-08-5982

Question 2: Jenny practices her piano from 4:50 to 5:35 in the evening. How long does she practice?

30 minutes : D 40 minutes 45 minutes : T : M

Your answer :

Question 3: An aeroplane leaves Penang to Langkawi at 10:30 in the morning. The flight lasts for 45 minutes. What time does the aeroplane land in Lanagkawi?

11.15 a.m. : A 11.25 a.m : E

Your answer :

11.35 a.m. : U

Question 4: It takes 2 hours from Kuching to Kuantan. If Encik Malik leaves Kuching at 2:00 in the afternoon, what time does he arrive in Kuantan?

12.00 p.m 3.00 p.m 4.00 p.m.

: H : T : R

Your answer :

Question 5: Anisa starts her homework at 8,30 p.m.. She stops doing her homework at 9.25 p.m. How long Anisa did her homework?

50 minutes : D 55 minutes : T 1 hour : S

Your answer :

HBMT 3103 TEACHING OF MATHEMATICS FOR YEAR FOUR

NOR BAHIYAH BT MD. RAFIDI 710403-08-5982

4. Pupils write the hidden words on a piece of paper. 5. Check the answers by class. 6. Teacher conclusions.

HBMT 3103 TEACHING OF MATHEMATICS FOR YEAR FOUR

NOR BAHIYAH BT MD. RAFIDI 710403-08-5982

BIBLIOGRAPHY Cardanha, J. M. (1993). Career math skills. USA: Richard D. Irwin, Inc. edHelper.com. (n. d.). Math Fourth grade worksheets: 4th grade Retrieved February 21, 2008, from http://www.edhelper.com/ math_ grade4.htm Ministry of Education Malaysia (2009). Integrated curriculum for primary schools mathematics year 4. Kuala Lumpur: Curriculum Development Centre

Shum, K. W., & Chan, S.H. (2004). Reference text series KBSR year 4. Kuala Lumpur: Pearson Cleaves, C., & Hobbs, M. (2003). Reference to mathematics: A guide for every math. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. (2007). Primary mathematics/time math. Retrieved February 14, 2010 from http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/ Primary_mathematics/Time_math

Jean Bunnell (1987) Clock & calendar skills : teaching time to special student : Hawker Brownlow Education, Cheltenham, Vic.

HBMT 3103 TEACHING OF MATHEMATICS FOR YEAR FOUR

NOR BAHIYAH BT MD. RAFIDI 710403-08-5982

APPENDIX

APPENDIX 1HBMT 3103 TEACHING OF MATHEMATICS FOR YEAR FOUR

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