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Musical Classicism 1750-1820

Musical Classicism. Alicia Magdalena Cuesta

May 20, 2015



Power Point about musical Classicism, with links to music and documentaries

  • 1. Musical Classicism1750-1820

2. Social & Historical ContextEra of inventionsIsaac Newton1705 Mquina de vapor 1714 Termmetro de mercurio Fahrenheit 1719 Impresin en colores 1738 Teora de los gases Bernoulli, Daniel Suiza 1742 Grados centgrados o celsius 1752 Pararrayos 1776 Submarino Tortuga (Primero de la historia) 1780 Lentes bifocales 1783 Globo aerosttico Montgolfier 1784 Refrigerador (primitivo) Cullen 1785 Paracadas Blanchard 1785 Telar mecnico Cartwright 1790 Lmpara de gas Murdoch 1795 Prensa hidrulica Bramah 1796 Litografa Senefelder 1800 Pila elctrica Volta 3. Peaceful period: there were no major wars in Europe, but across the ocean took place the War of American Independence. 4. Middle class expanded, result of the Industrial Revolution = increasing number of amateur musicianspublic concerts became popular 5. The Enlightenment or Age of Reason (Ilustracin, Siglo de las Luces).Cultural movement of intellectuals rather than tradition.Voltaireemphasizing reason and individualismRousseau 6. Aesthetic principles Beauty ideals of the Ancient Classicism: simplicity, clarity, functionality, proportion. 7. - melodies are recognizable, symmetrical and simple (and happier! ):Harmony and rhythm are also clear and stable.Activity:Listen to the Sonata KV 545 byMozart and try to distinguish themes A and B. 8. - this melody allows to create well defined schemes: A transition - B / Development / A transition - B 9. Most important musical forms: Sonata (2 or 3 instruments) Mozart Piano Sonata in C, K. 545 Symphony (orchestra) Mozart Symphony no. 40, K.550 Concert (orchestra and soloist) Mozart Flute Concert, K.314 10. 'Opera buffa' (comic opera) becomes very popular.Seek information about the argument of the Magic Flute, by Mozart 11. Musical center: Viena (Austria) 12. Musical Instruments Appear (click on the images to listen the instruments): ClarinetPianoforte 13. Disappear Viola da gamba HarpischordRecorder 14. Composers: Joseph Haydn (1732 1809, Austria)"Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet He was friend of Mozart and teacher of Beethoven Family Esterhazy was his most famous patron Haydn had a great sense of humor, evident in his love of jokes which often appear in his music Some of his most famous compositions: Surprise Symphony, Toy SymphonySmall biography in spanish, click here 15. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 1791, Austria) He was born in Salzburg Wunderkind: infant prodigy His father was a violinist and composerHe was restless, he worked and loved games and animals He died at 35. He wrote more than 600 compositions= 200 hours of music 16. Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 1826, Germany)He was born in Bonn Last of the classics and first of the romantics His father wanted him to be an infant prodigy At 17, he went to Viena and met Mozart At 22, he started to get deaf He suffered heartsbreaks but never got married His most famous works are his 32 piano sonatas and his 9 symphonies BBC The genius of Beethoven (click) Inmortal Beloved trailer

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