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Nov 30, 2014
2. Table of contents
Early 1900s (1940)
Mid 1900s (1960)
Late 1900s (1990)
Why women were treated differently over the years
In this presentation we will exploring women and the adversity they have overcome though music. We will be startingin the classical era and discover many interesting women along the way. We will realize what the women of the 1940s, 1960s and 1990s went though and over came . Then we will explore the present to see where women are today.
The classical era was the one of the more terrible eras for women in terms of them being looked at as equals to men. There were many talented women composers and musicians that were not able to be on stage due to their gender. They were suppressed in the ways of how they were able to express themselves, dress, education and their role as a woman. Though they were able to play music they were never able to experience the stage, but kept continuing on with their passion paving the way for the many female composers and musician in the future.
5. Isabella leonarda
Isabella Leonarda ( September 6, 1620 February 25, 1704) was an Italian composer from Novara. At the age of sixteen Isabella entered the Collegio di S Orsola, an Ursuline convent, where she taught music. She acceded to the position of mother superior in 1686, and by 1696 she was Madre vicaria.
Leonarda wrote over 200 works, all of which are preserved in the Biblioteca del Liceo Musicale in Bologna.
The first of Leonarda's works to be published were contained in a collection edited by the late Maestro Di Capella of the Novara Cathedral, Gasparo Casati (1610-1641) and was published in 1642. She went on to publish twenty collections of her music in her lifetime.
6. 7. In this Era
Women in classical music have long been on the frontiers on the struggles for equality. This era was hard for women, they had to suppress their talents and watch the men succeed, but I feel that this gave them more of a drive, and they continued on composing and playing music. Like Isabella Leonarda did, she kept composing and teaching music to other women even though she knew she would never play on stage. She kept playing because it was her passion as it was the passion of the other women who lived in this time.
8. Early1900s (1940)
The 1940's were dominated by World War II. Women were needed to replace men who had gone off to war, and so the first great exodus of women from the home to the workplace began. Women were able to join the entertainment world, in bands or in solo acts, the names of the groups or solo acts usually ended with ell or ette meaning little. Women had to break stereo types and aim high to succeed in the industry.
9. Ella Fitzgerald
Ella Jane Fitzgerald (April 25, 1917 June 15, 1996) Fitzgerald was born in Newport News, Virginia, she loved listening to jazz recordings by Louis Armstrong, Bing Crosby and The Boswell Sisters. She idolized the lead singer Connee Boswell. She was homeless for a while after she ran away from home because of an abusive step father. She made her singing debut at 17 on November 21, 1934 at the Apollo Theater in Harlem, New York. She pulled in a weekly audience at the Apollo and won the opportunity to compete in one of the earliest of its famous "Amateur Nights". She married a few times, all of them ending in divorce. She had the most amazing voice, she had an amazing career for an African American woman of this era. Though she had many struggles in life she lived her passion, which was singing. At the age of 79 visually impaired by the effects of diabetes, Fitzgerald had both her legs amputated in 1993.In 1996 she died of the disease in Beverly Hills, California. Her song cry me a river gives an insight on her life and the heart ache she has endured. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2XggjVo3j-o
10. 11. In this era
The period of 1940 was a time of much political, social, and economic change for women in the United States. Despite the many advances that women made for themselves during these years, they were still not treated equal to men. Women in this era started to be perceived as sexual icons. They usually sang at night clubs in tight dresses and laid across pianos adding a sultry air to the night life.
12. Mid 1900s (1960)
Civil rights is the largest lasting legacy of the sixties. The Civil Rights Act of 1965 gave more people the right to vote and took down the obstacles which prevented many womenfrom participating in democracy and exercising their full rights as citizens. The 1960s has left America with many positive changes. It is because of the sixties that people today believe that one person can make a difference, that one person can change the world. Women had the right to choose their own path in the public( careers, music, running for political office, etc.). Women in the era started to be more rebellious and venturing out in society and music largely due to the fact that the civil rights movement gave them a voice.
13. Joan baez
JoanBaez (born January 9, 1941) is an American folk singer, songwriter and activist. As a young girl afriend of Joan's father gave her a ukulele. She learned four chords, which enabled her to play rhythm and blues songs which was also the music she was listening to at the time. Her parents, however, were fearful that the music would lead her into a life of drug addiction. When she was 8, at her aunt's behest, Baez attended a concert by folk musician Pete Seeger, and found herself strongly attracted to his music. She soon began practicing the songs of his repertoire and performing them publicly. Baez began her career performing in coffeehouses in the Boston-Cambridge area, and rose to fame as an unbilled performer at the 1959 Newport Folk Festival. She sang folk songs that talked about the struggles of women and people in the era they lived in. The early years of Joan Baez's career saw the civil-rights movement in the U.S. become a prominent issue and the first heard Martin Luther King, Jr. speak about nonviolence, civil rights and social change which brought tears to her eyes. Since then she has actively spoke out against violence in our society. The song We shall over come( the civil-rights anthem), that played at King's 1963 March o Washington for Jobs and Freedom permanently linked her to the song. She sang this song so beautifully, it gave me chills. You can hear the passion in her voice. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RkNsEH1GD7Q
14. 15. in this era.
In this era the civil rights movement was at its peak.Existing and aspiring females in this era of the industry, that a genuine passion for music are who madethe difference. These women started to step out of the box and experience and experiment things in the music industry for themselves. Though women were still view as the inferior gender, they were starting to be respected for their talents and views.
16. Late 1900s (1990)
This is the era woman became more in touch with their promiscuous side. Their attire became much more scantly clad, especially in the music industry. Woman rappers and rap were at its peak. It was more socially excepted for those women to openly talk about sex, money and drugs. Women in this era were able to speak more openly and knew there were no repercussions for what they said. They were able to do what ever the men did at this point with no one thinking twice.
Inga D. Marchand (Foxy Brown) was born September 6, 1978. She is an American rapper of Trinidadian descent known for his solo projects and numerous collaborations and a brief stint as a part of hip-hop.A developed songwriterfinds the controversial rapper confessing her soul. She stated rapping when she was 16 years old. Brown's in-your-face sexuality and revealing outfits added to her popularity. Her music career had to take a back seat to her criminal career, after repeatedly violating the terms of her probation in various altercations she was sentenced to a year in jail. Her lyrics mainly consist of violence, sexand drugs. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l4wB7yne0gA&feature=related
18. 19. in this era
In this era women were sex symbols. In the rap scene it was about violence, gangs, drugs and sex. The women in the R&B scene also started to become more sexual, in the way they dressed and what they sang about. There were also women like Atlantis Morsette, who did not dress sleazy but her lyrics are very crude. In this era women struggled with their now found independence and tried to be like the guys. Singing or rapping about sex money and drugs. I feel that they saw what was making the men famous and tried to go down the same path, but in doing so they lost sight of their femininity.
In this present day and age women have madea remarkable transition. The majority of women have found their role at the working place and in life. Nearly every job is possible for a woman. More even: Women are scoring much better, leaving their male contemporaries far behind. Yet many women still like to see men in charge, looking for a strong shoulder to lean against. At an average they are well equipped to take the lead as heads of their families and in many fields of the society in general, but they also still see the importance of being a mother and a wife more so than in the 80s and 90s. I feel in this present day and age men and women have found a good balance in give and take and feel that society has open