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Music 140 Final Notes

Jan 25, 2016



Study notes for Music 140 UW

January 1963 Please Please Me AABA form Numerous rehearsed details Change in rhythmic density in vocal Highest note at the end of the B section TPA-style attention to arrangementChanging the vocal density from A to B section, like Somewhere Over the RainbowGets this one sequence of notes in there 17 times, just need to hear it once and youll know it, its called a hook. Something that gets into your head and it wont let you go.Attention to detail and structure thats comparable to TPA. Being able to fuse self-contained guitar based band and TPA detail is what make them successful

July 1965- Yesterday (from the ablum, Help) AABA form More complex harmonic and lyric structures String Quartet Beatles are evolving- moving away from pop song writingPaul kept going over to the piano and playing this melody, and kept playing it until he found the words for it. This was the first time that there was a song on the album where only one of the Beatles are playing it. Paul went to George Martin and said he wanted to add something to it, advice was string quartet, which is one of the hardest to write for. Paul is taking the first step into a different world, first sign that Beatles are going to stop thinking of themselves of pop entertainers and thinking of themselves as artists. John and Paul said that all Beatles would be considered written by Lennon and McCarthy unless Ringo or Harrison helped too. All were co-written except for Yestersday. This was the first step towards the end of the Beatles. The John Lennon kind and the Paul one, eventually results in the collapse of the band

August 66- Tomorrow Never Knows (from Revolver) (composed by John Lennon) song is based on a drone (influence of non-western culture) lyrics are based on the Tibetan Book of the Dead vocal is double-tracked and is run through a Leslie speaker cabinet makes use of tape loops (avant-garde) and backwards recording first known use of flangingDemonstrates the growing influence of non-western culture, and the technology of the recording studio on the work of The Beatles. This song would have been unplayable in concert in the 1960s

King Bee- April 1964 blues form cover of song by Slim Harpo (1957)stick very closely to the original, the thing thats most striking is Jaggers voice the way he sings it, hes captured the accent and everything the essence of the song. These are Brians heros and he wants to as close to the original as possible.This comes out when the Beatles are just coming into their huge success. The Stones were farily well attended in cities but in the South and smaller places were not so well.

1965, wasnt popular at the time and ended up very popular later on and one of their most iconic songs My GenerationThey play so aggressively and loudly

Stop in The Name of Love, The Supremes, 1965is probably the most iconic band of Motown, composed of three women, one of whom was Diana Ross, which wasn't even considered the best singer of the group, but proceeded to have a very successful solo career.The song contains a sort of unusual instrument, the Vibraphone, of the same family of the Xylophone and usually associated with Jazz, which was regarded as art more than music and was somewhat distant from popular culture. The Vibraphone signals urban sophistication and links to Gordy's vision. Another instrument used is a tambourine, carrying the beat, which is dancey. The gospel influence is not prevalent, and that is also deliberately rooted in the desire of Gordy to appeal to White audiences.

**Otis Redding** was a famous name coming out of STAX, his first hit was Try A Little Tenderness in 1966, which wasn't his first recording.Many of the songs produced by STAX were new songs, unlike this one, who was written in the 1920s and was hit for many artists. Notice Otis' performance aesthetics. The performance is very different from what we saw with the Smokey Robinson performance, first of all Otis is not lip synching, and the band is visible, unlike Motown. Also, unlike Motown's artists, Otis is not trained to known which camera is currently recording, and he's often not even with his eyes open; his attention is much more into his singing than his performance. STAX has a lot more of *African retention* than Motown. The performance is Cathartic and characterized by unrestrained energy.

Soul Man - Sam and Dave, 1967This record has a mistake, as mentioned before: the trumpet players miss the first "pph". The horns are not prevalent and complex, and the band in the song is more important than most Motown records (note the little guitar solos). STAX is process oriented, versus Motown that is object oriented. Notice that the term Soul is used to identify African-Americans, and the optimistic tone of the song.

Respect - Aretha Franklin, 1967This song is written by Otis Redding, it wasn't a huge hit. In Otis' mind this song was literal, but when Aretha sung it, it becomes an anthem for Civil Rights, asking for respect. This is the beginning of a more militant sound.

I Feel Good - James Brown, 1965This song follows the same pattern as most hits by him: 12-bar blues, 12-bar blues, 4-bar break, 8-bar bridge, 12-bar blues. The Gospel influence is major in him, a second he's screaming a second he's whispering. Horns are there but not complex and prevalent. Lyrics are of idealized love. The message is not in the lyrics, but in the performance.

Get Up (I feel like being a sex machine)1970After re-africanization of soulA minute 30 into the song theres no chord change, AABA form 12-bar blues, 1 chordWhat has he changed? He is deprivilageing the melody and harmony, they are no longer important, there are 2 chords.No real melody in what hes doing, but is enjoyableWere tuning into the rhythm and articulation, be cautious b/c known for rhythm right, in terms of percussion. James works with the stereotypical information, hes thinking of the entire band in terms of rhythm like a west African drum ensemle

Truckin The Grateful Dead (1970) influenced by Folk Rockstrong influence by Bob Dylan, Folk Rock. Are paradigm of the counter culture in terms of what they do, the connection to the culture and their approach to live performance. The idea of jamming, collective improvisation, and the music they recorded were the starting point for what they would do in concertFeel relaxed in that they could change it if they want easily each time, they arent obvious in calling attention to their talent, unassuming.

Acid RockWhite Rabbit- Jefferson Airplane (1967)Base on Alice and Wonderland, references drugs.Idea we are blinded by materialismThe song is one long crescendo, it starts off very quietly, and just gets louderDrug reference, drug rush and crash, structured around the arc of a drug tripExample of acid rock, but it is different from a lot of the other music of the periodWas a short song, but the trend was long songs, to experiment with the songs.White rabbit was a major commercial hit, counter culture didnt produce a lot of popular or hit music

Voodoo Child (Slight Return) 1967Jimi Hendrix: Technical virtuoso Control of Feedback Wah Wah Pedal Wammy Bar

War Pigs (1970- from the album Paranoid)this is more the heavy metal end, evil of infrastructure, unstable mental states, lyrics more towards metal. Distortion not so much, has some.Tempo wise more metal, is a little slow, and oddly structured. Emphasis on drummer in the middle. This stuff more the metal side.

Highway Star (1972- from the album Machine Head) Berry-style lyrics virtuosic vocal performance during the introduction use of electric organ classical influences in musicianship and approach to soloshas electronic organ, why is it a natural choice? John LordIts capable of sustaining a note infinitely, can plug it into an amp and distort it.If you are a guitar player in the early 1970s similar to today, self taughtIf you play keyboards you probably do quite a bit of lessons, and classicalThis has influenceHigh distortion in voice, guitar and organ more metalLyrics more rock, cars and girls

Whole Lotta Love (1969- from the album Led Zeppelin II) blues-riff based sued by Willie Dixon of Chess Records (You Need Love 1962- performed by Muddy Waters)Can hear the blues influenceBetween rock and metalThey have a lot of things from a blues repertoireU get like a studio/mastery solo

The Last Poets- When the revolution comesBeing spoken as a poem over the beat part of reafricanization of culture during the 1960s

1979 1st recorded hit song: Sugar Hill Gang: Rappers Delight Released 10/79: #4 RnB #36Pop Based on the song Good Time by Chic (6/79 #1 Pop and RnB)

Rap Excluded from MTV until 1985 Walk this WayRun DMC/ Aerosmith

Final Material

The British Invasion:

US in early 60sOptimism with Kennedy (Camelot)/ ML King Civil RightsEnd of 60s end up with billion dollar industryWhy did the britsh invasion have such an impact? Because of KennedyHe was the president during the missile crisis, sent someone to the moon

The New FrontierHe was a remarkable president, was an odd choice. Much younger than predecessors, was Catholic instead of Protestant. In this case Catholic seen as undesirable. He was for an American president quite left wing, for an American president. More centered politically, interested in what young people had to say and the rights movements.He said ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your countryHighly optimistic and people refer to it as Camelot. Mythology of Camelot and knights of the round table. Round table in a sense there is no head, everyone has a say and side. Everyone will be listened to and all thatIdea that service was the important thing and not who you are and all that real equality people being judged by their merits, and get opportunities not bc of their parents and things but bc of what they can

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