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MODULE B - PROCESS - ASME · PDF file2010-11-19 · MODULE B - PROCESS SUBMODULES B1. Organizational Structure ... – B31.3 Process Piping Code referenced in ISO 15649:2001, ........

Jun 22, 2018

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  • MODULE B - PROCESS

    SUBMODULESB1. Organizational StructureB2. Standards Development: Roles and

    ResponsibilitiesB3. Conformity Assessment: Roles and

    ResponsibilitiesB4. Initiating Standards ProjectsB5. Consensus Process for Standards

    DevelopmentB6. The Basics of Parliamentary ProcedureB7. The Appeals ProcessB8. International Standards DevelopmentB9. ASME Conformity Assessment ProgramsB10. Performance Based Standards

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 1

    REVISIONS

    CHANGESLIDEDATEChanged Codes and Standards Board of Directors to Council on Standards and Certification throughout.

    11/22/10

  • B8. International Standards Development

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 3

    OBJECTIVES

    This submodule will Describe the multiple paths to international

    standardization.

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 4

    AGENDA

    I. ASME International StandardsII. Normative ReferencesIII. U.S. National Adoption of ISO StandardsIV. ISO Adoption of ASME StandardsV. ISO Standards Development

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 5

    I. ASME International Standards

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 6

    WHAT MAKES A STANDARD INTERNATIONAL?

    Criteria A development process characterized by openness,

    transparency, international participation and due process (WTO principles)

    A record of success in meeting or a potential to meet global marketplace and public safety needs

    The ability to maintain technical relevance

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 7

    INTERNATIONAL STANDARDIZATION

    ASME develops standards intended to meet needs of industries and governments on global basis

    ASME standards developed under process that meets WTO principles for international standards development

    To address global relevance, an ASME committee may take various approaches, including: development of performance based and prescriptive

    standards as means of compliance with regulations or essential safety requirements;

    normative or informative references to non-ASME international, regional, or national standards; and

    national adoptions of non-ASME international standards

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 8

    ASME INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS

    Some ASME codes and standards in international use Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (over 100 countries) B31 Piping Codes B16 Standards on Valves, Flanges, Fittings and

    Gaskets Bioprocessing Equipment Standard

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 9

    ASME INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS

    International Participation Enhances international acceptance and use Delegate position on ASME Committees

    Represents recognized group of interested parties (e.g., individuals from a jurisdiction, professional society, trade organization, users group)

    Represented group reviews/comments on work of committee or submits proposals

    Group works in own country, in native language. Delegate on standards committee has first consideration

    voting privilege on standards actions.

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 10

    ASME International Standards

    International Participation Alternative Models B31.3 (Process Piping) International Review Group

    Member of organization involved with process piping outside U.S. and Canada

    Review and comment on balloted proposals Advise committee of desirable changes to B31.3

    BPE (Bioprocessing Equipment) European Subcommittee Review and comment on balloted proposals Evaluates issues of concern for European industry

    BPV (Boilers and Pressure Vessels) International Interest Review Group (IIRG)

    Review and comment on balloted proposals Representatives of national agencies that have accepted at

    least one section of ASME BPV Code as means of meeting regulatory requirements.

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 11

    II. Normative References

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 12

    NORMATIVE REFERENCES

    Approach Incorporate normative reference to ASME Standard in ISO

    Standard

    Example B31.3 Process Piping Code referenced in

    ISO 15649:2001, Petroleum and natural gas industries Piping

    Advantages Maintain control of technical content No need to exert the sometimes extensive effort in creating new

    standard Users can continue to use familiar requirements

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 13

    III. U.S. National Adoption of ISO Standards

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 14

    U.S. NATIONAL ADOPTION

    Definition Adoption of ISO standard as American National

    standard

    Reasons for U.S. national adoption No ASME standard exists ISO standard is the industry recognized standard

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 15

    U.S. NATIONAL ADOPTION

    Procedure Process ISO standard in accordance with ASME

    and ANSI procedures. Withdraw or modify existing ASME standard. Notes:

    ANSI procedures allow for.. Identical adoption (and expedited approval) Modified adoption

    ASME procedures require Approval by appropriate Board and Council on Standards

    and Certification

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 16

    MODIFIED U.S. NATIONAL ADOPTION

    Approaches and rationales Process modified U.S. national adoption; add

    special U.S. requirements in appendix Best when U.S. standard requires additions

    but no changes to ISO standard Allows multinational companies to use same

    standards document both inside and outside U.S.

    Process modified U.S. national adoption When ISO standard needs technical changes

    for U.S. use

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 17

    POP QUIZ #1

    A new ISO standard covering an area already covered in the U.S. by an existing ASME standard has rapidly become the standard of preference in much of the industry. The new standard does not address a couple of issues important in the U.S., but otherwise meets all U.S. needs.

    What action might ASME take to update its U.S. standard in a way that meets the needs of both domestic and multi-national companies? _____

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 18

    IV. ISO Adoption of ASME Standards

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 19

    SUBMISSION OF ASME STANDARDS TO ISO

    Rationale Make the ASME standard recognized more internationally The ISO Technical Committee has a stronger technical base

    Requirements Obtain approval of

    Consensus committee Appropriate Board Council on Standards and Certification

    Submit as New Work Item proposal Use ISO format (ISO template) NOTE: With this option the U.S. would lose control over the

    technical content in the resulting ISO standard.

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 20

    POP QUIZ #2

    True or False. All standards recognized and used internationally are ISO Standards. _______

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 21

    V. ISO STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 22

    INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION (ISO)

    Purpose To facilitate the internationalization and unification of

    standards and related activities Membership

    140 countries, each represented by a national standards body, each with one vote

    ANSI is the U.S. member body Official languages

    English, French, Russian Outputs

    International standards, technical reports, etc.

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 23

    ISO ORGANIZATION

    Technical Management Board (TMB)

    Technical Committee (TC)

    Subcommittee

    Working Group Ad Hoc Group

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 24

    ISO ORGANIZATION

    Technical Management Board (TMB) Manages ISOs technical

    activities and sets policy 12 member countries

    4 permanent members 8 rotating members

    Technical Management Board

    Technical Committee

    Subcommittee

    Working Group Ad Hoc Group

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 25

    ISO ORGANIZATION

    Technical Committee (TC) Responsible for a

    particular technical area, e.g Pipe Fittings

    Membership: all countries P = Participating (must

    vote) O = Observer (may vote) L = Liaison (no vote)

    TMB appoints a national body to provide Chair and Secretariat

    ISO has more than 180

    Technical Committees

    Technical Management Board

    Technical Committee

    Subcommittee

    Working Group Ad Hoc Group

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 26

    THE TC SECRETARIAT

    Responsibilities Provides administrative and technical support to

    the committee in accordance with ISO Directives Examples: meeting arrangements, agendas,

    letter ballots Works closely with ISO Central Secretariat Must remain strictly neutral in its dealings

    NOTE: ASME is Secretariat for TC 5/SC 10 on Flanges; and TC 96/SC 6 on Mobile Cranes

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 27

    ISO ORGANIZATION

    Subcommittee Responsible for a specific

    aspect of a TCsresponsibility

    P and O members only* Parent TC appoints

    Secretariat

    *NOTE: A countrysSubcommittee membershipcategory may differ from itsTC category.

    ISO has close to 600

    Subcommittees

    Technical Management Board

    Technical Committee

    Subcommittee

    Working Group Ad Hoc Group

  • ASME C&S Training Module B8 28

    ISO ORGANIZATION

    Working Group/Ad Hoc Group Formed for single project Collection of individually

    appointed experts

    Technical Management Board

    Technical Committee

    Subcommittee

    Working Group Ad Hoc Group

  • ASME C&S Trai

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